Paralysis is a type of catastrophic injury that results in the complete loss of muscle function in one or more muscle groups. Common causes of paralysis include herniated disks, fractured vertebrae, and nerve impingement. These types of injuries result from incidents such as automobile accidents, sports-related accidents, industrial or construction accidents, disease in the spinal column, and tumor growth on the spinal cord. Spinal cord injuries are classified as either complete or incomplete. Complete spinal cord damage means the person experiences a complete loss of feeling and movement below the site of injury. Incomplete spinal cord injuries occur when a person retains some motor control and feeling below the point of damage.
Different types of paralysis exist. Paraplegia, quadriplegia, and tetraplegia describe the extent of injuries. In paraplegia, functioning of the lower extremities, such as the legs and feet, is damaged. The ability to walk or run is usually lost. Quadriplegia, also known as tetraplegia, describes impairment affecting all four limbs, although this effect does not imply a complete loss of utility or sensation. Like paraplegics, quadriplegics are unable to walk or run, and often have additional complications including sexual functioning, bowel control, digestion, and torso movement problems.
Paralysis is a serious medical condition that has negative effects extending outside of restricted mobility. Muscle atrophy from discontinued use, low blood pressure, difficulty breathing, sensation loss, and a shortened life expectancy are all complications related to paralysis. As one could imagine, the associated medical costs of caring for a person who has major spinal damage are enormous. Round-the-clock medical care and assistance from doctors and nurses is often necessary. In extreme cases where the patient has trouble breathing as a result of their injury, ventilator use might be required for the remainder of their life.
If paralysis resulted from someone else's negligent actions, a legal right exists for the injured to pursue damages through a lawsuit. Damages which are available for recovery include medical costs, lost wages, and other compensation, such as pain, suffering, and mental anguish. Over a decade ago, the annual medical costs for a quadriplegic totaled $ 1 million about. This high cost of medical attention should not be paid by the person who suffered the injury, which just adds a fiscal burden to already negatively affected health and prognosis for the patient.