What is a Fracture?
In medical terms a fracture is defined as a break in the structure of the bones. However there are several different types of fractures which a doctor needs to consider before he or she makes a diagnosis. There are thirteen different types of fractures i.e. complete, avulsion, pathologic, compressed, comminuted, incomplete, greenstick, oblique, depressed, spiral, compound, simple, and transverse. There is a fracture called greenstick that usually occurs at a young age in children. This fracture usually has one end of the bone that is broken or dysfunctional while the other end is slightly curved or bent.
Now the manner in which a fracture is treated largely depends on the doctor’s findings. If the back pain is a result of any of these hip fractures i.e. intracapsular, intertrochanteric, and extracapsular then these types of hip fractures are treaded in separate manners. If a doctor is considering a fracture to the hip he or she will also consider maturity, trauma, multiple myeloma etc.
Osteomyelitis is a disease that affects the bones and causes inflammation of the marrow as well as the bone itself. This problem is often a result of an infection. Young women will mostly contract osteoporosis which usually occurs after menopause. This is largely because the bones become soft and high permeable after menopause which as a result causes fractures and slows down the healing process.
Once the cause is found the doctor would consider pathophysiology which in simple terms means an assessment or study of the fracture. The doctor will try to find out when the fracture transpires and under how much stress does the bones begin to break or stop holding weight. They will also consider tissue localization to avert edema, echymosis, muscle spasms, hemorrhage etc.
Edema causes back pain because of the excessive amounts of fluids that build up between the cells of the tissues. The reason for these excessive amounts of fluid buildup is the fact that during edema there is fleeting of blood that goes into the different groups of cells that have been ruptured or broken off from the blood vessels.
How is a fracture Accessed?
Doctors usually start with finding out pain that is caused by motion or false motions, visible deformity etc. If a doctor notices that one leg is longer than the other there are chances that a hip has been fractured. If there is a presence of paresthesia the patient will often feel tingling or pricking sensations.
How is a fracture pinpointed?
Hematology tests along with X-rays are used to locate fractured bones. An X-ray scan will help the doctor locate the point of breakage in the bones and the Hematology tests will help the doctor spot HCT and HGB decreases.
Once the condition has been identified proper medical supervision is recommended along with suitable medication. The patient will often be required to go on a diet as well as regular exercises, however all this really depends on the extent of the fracture as well as the type of fracture.