The Causes of Uterine Fibroids

Uterine fibroids, also known as Leiomyoma or just myoma for short, are non-cancerous growths made up of connective tissue and muscle that develop inside the uterus. Fibroids can be as small as a pin head or as big as a melon. These Fibroid tumors can even weight up to 20lbs. Fibroids of the uterus are the most common type of tumors that develops in the female reproductive organs.

Some research has estimated that up to 75% of women within the 30 to 50 age range will suffer from uterine fibroids at some point in their lives. However, out of this large number of women, only around 25% of them will experience any symptoms. Studies have shown that African American women in the US are much more likely to develop numerous fibroids that could cause anemia and pain.

Uterine fibroids can be extremely damaging to a female’s fertility. These tumors can cause a blockage in the cervix that will prevent sperm from passing through. They could also cause a block in the fallopian tubes that will prevent the egg from reaching the uterus. They can also cause the endometrium to become distorted which could keep the fertilized egg from implanting itself in the uterus. Also, if a woman with fibroids does get pregnant, they could increase the miscarriage risk. Additionally, fibroids that press against the urinary tube could increase the chances of contracting urinary tract infections, and any fibroid, especially large ones, could cause you pain.

Fibroid growth is accelerated by estrogen. The appearance of fibroids will often happen during pregnancy, when a woman’s body will begin producing loads of estrogen, and begin to disappear when menopause begins as estrogen production begins to slow. Furthermore, the progesterone hormone is also a factor in fibroid growth. And, when these two hormones combine they not only cause the fibroid to grow, but they also protect it against the body’s natural processes that would normally cause them to shrink up and die.

The main risk factors associated with fibroids are increased estrogen levels that occur with estrogen replacement therapy, oral birth control, or being overweight. Also, poor circulation is a condition that can cause already existing fibroids to be extremely painful. Women with high blood pressure, especially if they begin taking medication to reduce it, who are under the age of 35, are much more likely to experience pain from fibroids. Additional risk factors include a history of Chlamydia or PID (pelvic inflammatory disease), regular use of tampons that contain talcum powder, and infections resulting from IUD’s that were poorly fitted.