The Basics of Migraine and Its Types


Migraine is a severe recurring headache that is usually accompanied by nausea, vomiting, and other symptoms such as blind spots, flashes of light, and tingling in some parts of the body. The sharp pain is very disturbing, for it can last for hours or days. If you are a migraine sufferer, then you know that this condition can be a great hindrance in some important portions of one’s life. It can cause problems to one’s work, relationship with other people, and mere function as a human being. Presuming you are a migraine sufferer, you would certainly want to do everything to prevent or lessen its recurrence. For this, it is important for you to identify the type of migraine you may have. This will help you seek the right treatment for your condition.

Two Main Types of Migraine

Migraine without Aura (Common Migraine)

This is the most common type of migraine. Its symptoms include headache on one side of the head, and other indications like vomiting, nausea and sensitivity to lights and noises. At times, the following symptoms may also occur: blurred vision, abdominal pain, going pale, diarrhea, and scalp tenderness.

Migraine with Aura (Classic Migraine)

Twenty five percent of migraine sufferers have migraine with aura. Its symptoms are the same as the signs of common migraine; however, it includes an aura or sign before the throbbing pain starts. The most common type of aura is the visual aura. Examples are flashes of light, temporary loss of vision, and seemingly rotating objects. Other types of aura are numbness of some parts of the body, problems with speech, and food cravings. Auras usually happen a few minutes before the headache. There are times, though, that no headache follows.

Uncommon Types of Migraine

Abdominal Migraine

This type of migraine is common among children. Instead of severe headache, they experience abdominal pain that lasts for hours. In this condition, there may be a mild headache accompanied by nausea, vomiting, or some types of aura. Children experiencing abdominal migraine may likewise develop common migraine in their teenage years.

Menstrual Migraine

Its symptoms are the same as for common and classic migraine. There are two types of menstrual migraine: pure menstrual migraine and menstrual-associated migraine. Pure menstrual migraine occurs only during periods, while menstrual-associated migraine happens around periods and may also occur at other times of the month.

Basilar-type Migraine

The pain is experienced at the back of the head and is accompanied by aura symptoms including temporary blindness, vertigo, ringing in the ears, trouble hearing, and dizziness. It is important to note that there is a high risk of having stroke if you have this type of migraine.

Hemiplegic Migraine

Severe headache is accompanied by weakness of one side of the body and may last for several hours or days. For this, it is sometimes confused with a stroke. Other symptoms include visual and hearing problems, difficulty speaking and swallowing, double vision, and severe dizziness.

Ocular Migraine

It is also called eye migraine or retinal migraine. People with ocular migraine experience temporary loss of vision in one eye. Vision returns to normal after the attack. This type of migraine may occur with or without headache.

Now that we have discussed the basics, it’s your turn to closely think of what you have learned and seek the right treatment for your condition. It really pays to make some research about anything that concerns your body.