Does My Dog Have Glaucoma?

While Glaucoma is an extremely serious illness, it does not usually happen in dogs too much. Most of the time blindness in dogs happens from an accident, although there are those moments when Glaucoma happens due to genetic issues. When genetics are the cause, this is called primary Glaucoma. There are some breeds that are more genetically inclinated to catch Glaucoma, but a dog can get it because of eye disease, cataracts, cancer, or even eye infection. When it is caused by any of these issues it will be considered secondary Glaucoma. If dogs get Glaucoma, they can go blind quite quicklyly. Care should be given if you notice any of these issues.

Most of the time a dog will get Glaucoma in just one eye. The pressure comes from the aqueous humor fluid that is being built up constantly in the front part of the eye. When this happens the dog will eventually lose sight in that eye, but will adjust to seeing with the good eye. Because of this, it is difficult for the owner to realize the dog is having sight issues as they are still getting around quite well. This will also cause the dog pain, which they have no way of telling you about.

When a dog has been diagnosed with Glaucoma it becomes much harder to treat than if contracted by a human. Humans will take eye drops to help relieve the pressure whereas dogs have a hard time squeezing the bottle, so you have to do it for them. If you have never tried to give a dog eye drops before, it can be quite a difficult feat. Because of this, surgery will more than likely be required to release the pressure. Unfortunately, up to one third of dogs will have to have more than one surgery for their Glaucoma issues.

While Glaucoma in dogs is rarely detected before it's too late, there are ways of catching it before it's too serious. If you notice your dog favoring one eye, or see it constantly watering, you should check with your vet. If your vet catches the Glaucoma before it gets too serious, there is a good chance that your dog will only require one surgery. While your dog has no way of telling you that their eyes are bothering them, you have to be on your toes and check from time to time on your own.

Tamiflu – A New Approved Flu Treatment and Prevention Medication

What is Tamiflu?

Tamiflu (oseltamivir) is an anti-viral medication that is used for the treatment and prevention of influenza (flu virus), including avian influenza (bird flu). Available in both tablet form and as a suspension, Tamiflu can be given to adults and children more than 1year of age who present with flu symptoms. But, Tamiflu is known to work effectively when the flu treatment is initiated within two days of the first onset of symptoms. In addition, Tamiflu can be used as a preventive treatment also.

For adults and adolescents 13 years or older, the recommended oral dose is 75mg oseltamivir twice daily, for 5 days. For children one year or older, Tamiflu oral suspension is available. Children with body weight of 40 kg and above may be prescribed the adult dosage of 75mg twice daily for 5 days. Tamiflu:

• Can ease ailments that accompany flu (like weakness, cough, headache, fever, sore throat)

• Could prevent the flu onset even if the patient has been exposed to someone who suffers from it

Tamiflu works by inhibiting the neuraminidase enzyme that stops the spread of the virus to other cells in the body. Tamiflu is available for the treatment of influenza in more than 80 countries worldwide.

Who should buy Tamiflu?

People who are eligible to take Tamiflu are:

• People who do not have any kidney disease, liver disease, viral infections besides influenza A / B, heart problems, lung problems or any other chronic or serious illnesses

• Pregnant mothers should not use Tamiflu

• As it is not known whether Tamiflu passes into breast milk, it cannot be used by nursing mothers

• Infants above the age of one year

• People who complain of uncomplicated acute illness due to influenza infection and show symptoms for no more than 2 days

What is the correct dosage of Tamiflu?

In the case of the influenza treatment, the correct dosage of Tamiflu is:

• One 75mg capsule twice a day for 5 days

• One 30-75mg capsule, depending on body weight, for children twice a day for 5 days (The correct dose of the drug for children should be set by a pediatrician)

In the case of influenza’s prophylactic treatment, the dosage is:

• One 75mg capsule of Tamiflu for adults once a day for 7 days

• The correct dose of the drug for children should be set by a pediatrician

For children 1 year or older or for adults who can’t swallow a Tamiflu capsule, Tamiflu oral suspension can be taken. If Tamiflu overdose is suspected, medical attention must be sought immediately. In addition, Tamiflu doses should not be missed. If a dose is missed, it should be taken as soon as possible, provided that it is not about time for the next Tamiflu dose. Do not double dose on Tamiflu, that is, two doses of the drug separated by less than 2 hours from one another.

How effective is Tamiflu for Influenza?

Tamiflu (oseltamivir) considerably reduces illness severity and duration in children one year and older, particularly if they are medicated within 24 hours of the onset of symptoms. In addition, Tamiflu is known to reduce the incidence of respiratory tract infections, ear infections and antibiotic use. Moreover, Tamiflu (oseltamivir) capsules are now available in 30mg and 45mg doses, especially for children.

Children tend to be major carriers of the influenza virus as they have limited pre-existing immunity, often spend time in groups and share germs easily. Tamiflu can reassuringly be used for the management of influenza in children as young as one year old. In clinical studies, Tamiflu was well tolerated and did not increase the risk for neuropsychiatric adverse events.

Tamiflu when initiated within 48 hours of onset is known to:

• Reduce influenza severity by almost a third (29%)

• Reduce the duration of the illness by a quarter (26%)

Furthermore, new data reveals that if Tamiflu is taken within 24 hours of symptom onset:

• The influenza severity is halved (52%)

• Illness duration is reduced by a third (34%)00

• There was a 55% reduction in severe ear infections (otitis media)

• Reduced the incidence of secondary influenza infections by 55%

Where to buy Tamiflu?

Tamiflu can either be bought from an online source or from a conventional pharmacy near your home. In order to Buy Tamiflu from an internet pharmacy, the quantity and dose can be selected from a chart to make the purchase online. Before you Buy Tamiflu online make sure you first read through all of the product information, including drug side effects so that you can make an informed choice.

Since Tamiflu is a prescription medication, you will need to consult an online doctor, who will go through your medical history and then decide if you can take Tamiflu. Many websites offer Tamiflu online but it is not advisable to purchase it before proper medical approval.

Tamiflu has been proved to be the most effective drug for human consumption against the avian influenza that has afflicted a number of countries in south Asia.

How much does it cost?

Because of strict internet policies, we are not allowed to publish the prices of any prescription medication prior to an online consultation with one of our doctors. But we are equally confident that you will not find Tamiflu cheaper elsewhere in the UK.

Diabetic Retinopathy – A Leading Cause of Blindness Worldwide

Diabetic retinopathy is the disease that diabetes (more commonly known as diabetes mellitus) causes in the eye. Symptoms range from mild blurriness to complete blindness. The disease is not curable, but severe vision loss can usually be preceded with early diagnosis and treatment.

The retina is the light sensitive tissue that lines the inside of the eye. It captures light and transmits images to our brain, thus creating "vision." The retina can be damaged by a variety of diseases, for instance, macular degeneration, retinal detachments and diabetic retinopathy.

Diabetic retinopathy affects the retina is a couple of ways. Most commonly, retina blood vessels become incompetent and leak fluid and blood into the surrounding tissue. If the fluid accumulates in the macula, causing macular edema, vision becomes blurred. Macular edema does not cause blindness.

Fewer patients develop the more aggressive and severe form of retinopathy, namely, proliferative diabetic retinopathy. The hallmark of this stage of the disease is the presence of neovascularization. Abnormal blood vessels grow on the surface of the eye and other internal eye structures. This abnormal tissue can lead to diabetic retinal detachments, causing blindness. A very rare, painful, type of glaucoma may develop as well.

Retinal treatment for macular edema traditionally involves the use of laser treatment. Intravitalreal steroids and anti-VEGF (vascular endothelial growth factor), delivered via intraocular injection, are becoming more of the mainstay of treatment.

Treatment of proliferative retinopathy starts with pan-retinal photocoagulation, another type of laser treatment. Proliferative diabetics can also develop retinal detachments or bleeding in the vitreous. In these cases, vitrectomy eye surgery may be helpful.

Most people believe, incorrectly, that good sugar control prevails the eye disease from developing. The largest risk factor to developing the disease is the number of years a patient has been diabetic. Period.

Diabetic retinopathy can be a devastating disease. Early detection and treatment is essential to maintaining excellent useful vision. All patients with diabetes, regardless of vision, should have a dilated eye exam at least annually. Waiting until there is noticeable vision loss may be too late.

Recurring Headache Causes

When it comes to repeating headache causes, the most common is migraine. See if you have two of the following symptoms for migraine headaches:

  • Throbbing headache lasting 4-72 hours
  • Light others you
  • Loud sounds or strong smells like perfume, bother you.

Additionally you probably have one of the following:

  • Nausea and / or vomiting
  • Loss of appetite during the headache
  • Vertigo (or dizziness)

If so the diagnosis is migraine. The MOST common cause is something you and I can control. Hey who knew? It's STRESS. Yup, good old, plain old stress! We all have stress..everyone has it but the key is how do you manage it? Do you exercise regularly to relieve stress or is your idea of ​​stress relief sitting on the couch watching TV?

Cluster Headache Cluster headaches, are a second recurring headache cause and often mostly in men. They tend to last less than two hours. Spring and Fall seem to be the most popular times for this and every year the clinics will be crowded with cluster headaches patients coming in.

Cervicogenic Headache Another cause of headache that many are unfamiliar with, is cervicogenic headache. Now wait a minute! What are these big medical terms! Simply put: it's a pain in the neck. Literally. Many times simple lifestyle changes and a short course of medicine relieves the problem. This headache is closely related to tension headache.

Analgesic Rebound Headache Additionally, there is over use of over the counter medications like Tylenol Sinus or Excedrine Migraine. These medications used more than three times a week are a definite cause of repeating headache. One in particular that I refer to is the Claritin D Sinus Headache. When in pain you will reach for anything to take the headache away.

With over use, now the condition is analgesic rebound headache syndrome. This can be one of the most difficult to treat recurrence headache causes.

Trigeminal Neuralgia Although somewhat rare, trigeminal neuralgia can reoccur years after the first bout of neuralgia. What is neuralgia? Just means pain in a nerve. Specifically the nerve which runs along the side of the face and the jaw.

Most of the time this is provoked by a virus or dental work but sometimes the cause is unknown.

Additional Causes of Recurring Headache You can not forget about the food items in our environment now that cause headaches. Many foods contain chemicals to enhance flavor, MSG being the most famous, which provoke heads. Caffeine overuse is another migraine trigger.

  • Headache and food triggers
  • Caffeine and headaches.
  • Overuse of opiods with addiction.

Jaw and tooth problems can also cause repeating headaches. These are best managed by a dentist. If you feel you are suffering from TMJ symdrome, a dentist who specializes in this problem is the best person to help you. These conditions can include:

  • Temporomandibular joint syndrome (TMJ)
  • Dental abcesses
  • Post extraction infections
  • Dental caries
  • Poor fitting denture

Ear, nose and throat disorders can refer to the head and provoke migraines and headaches. A thorough evaluation for heads should rule out:

  • Sinus problems
  • Trauma such as perforated eardrum
  • Chronic ear infections
  • Rare tumor of the inner ear: schwannoma

Obviously the key here is to find a good physician or practitioner who can help you sort out your headache profile.

Surgery is an Efficient Way to Treat Glaucoma

Glaucoma is one of the foremost reasons for blindness in the world today. This does not have to be so, as it can be treated successfully if it is discovered early. There are a few ways to treat glaucoma and the most radical one is by surgery. This treatment is done after the other options have failed.

Glaucoma is a term that doctors have given to four eye diseases. What the four types of it have in common is how they destroy vision. It occurs when the optic nerve becomes destroyed due to pressure or lack of blood supply. Doctors are not sure exactly why this happens in some people and not in others.

The people at highest risk of this disease are black people, people over 40, and anyone with a history of the disease in their family. Doctors will first try to treat glaucoma with medications, but if this does not work then a surgical procedure is the last option. There are two types of operations that can be performed to treat it; traditional and laser.

Both traditional and laser surgery can make a world of difference in treating glaucoma. Doctors will only turn to an operation as a last resort after every other treatment has failed to work. Sometimes a glaucoma operation can cause cataracts, but they are very treatable. Laser trabeculoplasty is an operation used for open angle glaucoma.

This operation is safe and fast and requires almost no recuperation time. The laser is aimed at drainage channels in the eye; a tiny hole will be made to help the fluid drain out. Trabeculectomy is a traditional surgical operation. In this operation a tiny hole is made in the white part of the eye, to help in fluid drainage. Recovery time from this type of operation can be up to eight weeks.

Drain implantation involves putting a microscopic plastic tube inside the eye to improve drainage and pressure. The last type of operation is cyclophotocoagulation. In this procedure a laser is used on the surface of the eye to try to disrupt the part of the eye that produces fluid. This procedure is the most dangerous and can cause a decrease in vision, which is why doctors use it as a last resort.

Having surgery for glaucoma is not something that anyone wants to have to go through. The good news is that if a person takes care of their eye health and gets regular exams, then there is a chance that they may never have to have a glaucoma operation. Taking care of yourself is always the smartest thing to do.

Do You Know How to Use Reflexology For Better Eyesight?

Our eyes are truly a precious gift from God. Only those who have been denied the gift of sight or those who have lost it truly understand its importance.

Reflexology has helped many in different stages of blindness. It can do no harm and it is always of some benefit even if it fails to give a person perfect eyesight. Reflex massage always relaxes, no matter what one is using it for, and that in its self is good.

You can also bring more beauty to the eyes by using reflex massage as directed.

Stimulating the Kidneys to Strengthen Your Eyes

Two of the most important organs effecting normal functioning of the eyes are the kidneys.

To stimulate the kidneys, massage the reflexes in the center of the feet and also the hands.

Now turn to the reflexes for the eyes themselves. Massage the reflexes just under the two toes next to the big toes where they fasten to the foot, doing this massage on both feet. Use the same massage on the two fingers next to the thumb. If these are tender, the reflexes are in need of massage to break loose certain blockages affecting the normal function of the eyes.

Massaging Eye Reflexes for Better Eyesight

Now we turn to massage of the reflexes near the eyes for correction of many eye problems. If there is tightness of muscles around the eyes, they may pull on the eyeball, distort this shape, and cut off circulation, causing near and far-sightedness. Tight eyelid muscles sometime cause friction on the eyeball that can lead to the formation of Cataracts. If the eye muscles in the back of the eye are tight, the drainage ducts will be squeezed shut and won’t empty properly. This can cause a buildup of fluid resulting in Glaucoma.

To loosen the eye muscles, take you middle fingers and massage along the reflexes underneath both eyes. Press in as you go across and feel for tight muscles. When you find that a muscle is tight, you will also probably find a hard spot or feel the muscles snap under your fingers. When you stimulate the reflexes to the eyes you immediately give renewed energy and life to your eyes.

Don’t do this very often at first. When you over stimulate the eyes, it can give you a terrible headache. Do this only once the first day: then increase as you feel that you can, without any over stimulation. This holds true for the other eye reflex massages and also for the eye exercises I will give you later.

Move to the bones on top of the eyes and repeat the procedure. It may be easier to use the thumbs for this position. Work across the muscles and not with them when you do this massage.

Take your middle finger or thumb and work across the muscles on top of the nose starting deep in the eye socket. You will probable find this very tender, but remember our moto,

“If it hurts, rub it out”

Do this to both eyes: then go across the muscles on the forehead just above the eyebrows. If you feel a hard core or a tight band, you will know that you have found a tight muscle that may restrict the natural flow of electric energy by way of the reflexes. It will probable be quite tender because the circulation of the vital lifeline is being blocked by these hard or tender areas.

Massaging these reflexes around the eyes can also help correct protruding eyes, eyes that hurt or are sensitive to light, and slanted eyes caused by muscle tension.

Please give this a try and you will be amazed about how much better you feel.

What Are Compression Socks

Compression socks and compression stockings are hosiery items specifically designed to help with blood circulation. Through the day, the bodies blood supply will tend to pool in the lower extremitudes, the feet and legs. If left unattended this may cause certain circulatory problems such as edema, phlebitis, and thrombosis. All three of these conditions are painful and can result in damage to the legs and feet. Elevation of the feet and legs will help to counteract the pooling by allowing gravity to work to bring the blood supply back to the core but this only offers temporary relief.

Compression socks and stockings can be worn during the day, when it is necessary to be on your feet, in order to help stop pooling and assist in circulation. This is accomplished by having a graduated pressure application built into the socks. These socks are generally constructed of elastic type material such as lycra, spandex, or rubber. The compression is built in tighter at the foot and then is less near the top of the sock. This design helps the body to pump the pooling blood back out of the foot, up the leg, and back to the heart and lungs so the body waste can be removed and the blood flow can be re-oxygenated.

People who are forced to stand for long periods of time at their occupation often times find relief from leg cramps and foot pain by using these socks whenever they work. If a person has poor blood circulation it is very important to assist the heart in removing the excess blood from the feet and legs in order to combat the possibility of blood clotting in the arteries and veins. Blood clots can cause serious damage to the body and even death if they break loose and travel to a major organ such as the heart or brain.

Athletes will also use compression hosiery at times for added support while running, jumping, and quick movements. But the majority of people use them for support due to circulatory problems.

Ways to Make Your Wounds Heal Faster

You might already know how to take care of your wounds for them to heal. But, there are methods that you can use in order to hasten the healing process. Once your wounds are healed, it may be easier for you to resume your activities of daily living. You will not have to worry about tending to your wounds.

Once you have been cut or injured, you have to decide whether or not you are going to seek medical treatment. Minor wounds can be taken care of with the first aid kit that you have at home. These wounds are not life threatening. There might be no need for you to visit a doctor or a clinic at any given time. Major wounds, on the other hand, may put your life at risk. These wounds can make you lose a lot of blood. If you suffer a burn injury, you may lose lots of fluids from your body at a very fast rate. These wounds will require you to go and see a doctor as soon as possible.

After emergency treatment measures have been given and you are now out of immediate danger, the next focus will be on how to heal your injuries. Doctors and medical professionals will first try to avoid more complications like a wound infection. You may be prescribed with the necessary antibiotics to avoid such things from happening.

On your own end, you need to take care of your wounds. Dressings keep your wounds from getting in contact with contaminants. But, remember to regularly change your wound dressings. Once they are soaked, you need to change to new ones as soon as possible. And if you no longer notice a great amount of drain from your wounds, you still have to regularly change your wound dressings. Some amount of dust and other debris might be present. Fresh dressing materials will make sure that your wounds will be kept away from infection.

Wounds that have dried can be freed from the dressing materials. Once the wounds are closed and dry, there will be no danger in letting them out in the open. This can even hasten the healing process as oxygen in the air can get to your wounds at a much better rate. Sometimes, using more aggressive methods to introduce oxygen into the body is something that you can do. There are oxygen therapies that you can undergo.

Disinfect your wounds using the right products. Soap and water can be effective for some wounds. However, for those who suffered huge and open wounds, this method might not be ideal. Instead, a wound disinfectant such as an iodine solution or a topical antibacterial agent is applied to the affected part.

As much as possible, do not touch your wounds. At a late healing phase, most wounds would itch a lot. Resist the urge to touch the affected part. Your hands can carry potentially dangerous organisms. Sometimes, scabs may be accidentally removed and will only cause you to suffer permanent scars once the wounds are completely healed.

What is Areata Alopecia?

Alopecia Areata is the name given to a condition where round bald spots appear on your skin and scalp. The hair loss is very sudden and quite often drastic. Alopecia is a disorder that causes a patient's immune cells to attack their own hair-growing tissue for unknown reasons. Usually a trigger is needed to start the process (often in the form of a virus)

There are three basic stages of Alopecia Areata:

1. Sudden hair loss. The patient will notice a bald spot. Which may appear minimal at first.

2. The bald area will enlarge; hair loss will increase in the immediate area of ​​sighted balding.

3. New hair will grow in place of the lost hair. This process is different for everyone. Hair may start growing in a matter of weeks, months, sometimes more than one year. Neverheless, it's very rare that hair does not grow back.

Not Just the Scalp

Patients who start losing hair from their body (including eyebrows and eyelashes) are very wrinkled. They have every reason to feel this way. Alopecia Areata acts in such a way that it's very unnatural. But these patients are not alone in their experiences. Most patients do not realize that the symptoms that they're experiencing are all attributes of Alopecia-a temporary condition.

Common Misconceptions:

While many patients blame stress, medication, and poor diet; there is not any clinical proof that these claims coincide with the balding disorder. Unfortunately, doctors do not know why a patient's immune cells turn on the body and cause this condition. Despite this lack of information, studies do show that Alopecia Areata commonly occurs in patients who family members have had the condition. Alopecia Areata is not contagious.

Treatment:

While patience is an important asset with this condition, your physician may suggest cortisone shots (which promote and stimulate hair growth). Although Cortisone shots have been very successful with Alopecia patients, these shots are very painful. The average patient who opts for this treatment receives twenty to thirty shots into each patch, once per month. This treatment is only effective for the immediate area that has been injected. It does not assist hair growth in other bald areas.

Unfortunately, doctors can not predict if this treatment will work for you. There are no guaranteed results. A prescription cortisone cream is another solution, which can be applied to the bald area. Cortisone cream is not painful and can be easily applied in the privacy of your home.

Epilepsy: Ten Tips for People with Seizures

1. The goal is zero seizures and zero side-effects.

If you are still having seizures or more than minimal side-effects from your anticonvulsant medication, then you have unfinished business. The holy grail of seizure management is to stop them entirely, and to do so without significant side-effects from the treatment used to stop them.

Continuing seizure activity is not good for either the brain or body. When seizures have not been stopped, the seizures you're still having might change the brain in a way that makes it easier for future seizures to occur. Also, people with uncontrolled seizures are more likely to fall and hurt themselves than people without seizures. Moreover, driving a car will probably not be possible until the seizures have been stopped.

2. Do not blab.

Your medical information is confidential, and you should play your medical cards close to your chest. Do not volunteer information to non-medical people who do not need to have it. Once the information is out, you have no control over how it is used or mis-used. Unfortunately, some individuals still have backwards ideas and attitudes about epilepsy. Do not give them an opening to mess with your life.

3. Do not lie.

If others have a legitimate need to know about your epilepsy, you should stick to the truth, though you should not need to add information that is not requested. People with a "need to know" may include your employer, your insurer and the Bureau of Motor Vehicles.

Here is an example of one of many reasons you should not lie: Suppose you're the driver of a car involved in an accident. If you lied to your insurance company about your epilepsy, they might refuse to pay based on your fraudulent application, whether you had a seizure or not!

One escape case is that if you have had just one lifetime seizure, then it is medically correct to say you do not have epilepsy. A minimum of two seizures is required to establish the diagnosis of epilepsy.

4. Take your medication regularly.

The best medicine in the world will not work if you do not take it properly. I have the greatest sympathy for people who need to take medication for seizures. When I miss a dose of my antihistamine, the only consequence is that my nose runs, but people who miss a dose of seizure medication might pay for it with a seizure.

However, assuming you're human, at some point or another you'll screw up and forget a dose. Work out a plan with your doctor for what to do when that happens.

5. Do not fixate on drug blood-levels.

Do not confuse a tool with a goal. The goal is to have no seizures and no side-effects, not to produce a certain number on a laboratory report. In selected situations, drug blood-levels can be useful tools, but sometimes the patient, doctor, or both, get fixated on them and lose sight of the big picture.

A neurology professor summed this up nicely: "Managing a seizure disorder by only watching the blood-levels is like driving a car by only watching the speedometer.

Obsessing over drug blood-levels can lead to sad consequences. For example, if the blood-level happens to fall within the suggested range of numbers printed on the lab slip, the patient and doctor might conclude that everything humanly possible is already being done. But if the patient is still having seizures, more work is still needed.

It is also unfortunate when the patient and doctor assume that a blood-level outside the "normal range" is bad. Some patients may actually do best on a blood-level that is higher than the printed range, or, alternately, do just fine on a blood-level below the range. The printed range is just a rough guideline.

6. Keep regular hours.

I know that you are an exciting, vibrant human being. But sometimes it's in your best interest to have as if you are a dull person, waking up at the same hour every morning and retiring at the same hour every night. Disruptions in the sleep-cycle can lower the threshold for having seizures. As an example, one man in my practice never achieved perfect seizure control while working swing-shifts, but was perfectly seizure-free when he went on straight day-shifts.

7. Keep records.

In the process of medication adjustment leading to perfect seizure-control, an accurate tally of the numbers of seizures per span of time is an essential tool in judging whether or not you are on the right track. Women should also chart their menstrual periods. Sometimes there is a correlation between seizures and the menstrual cycle.

8. Communicate with your doctor.

The smartest doctors in the world can not fix problems that they do not know about. If you're still having seizures or experiencing side-effects from seizure medication, chances are that your doctor would appreciate a phone call about it. The advice you receive will allow you to make better use of your time than if you wait until the next appointment to report problems.

9. Talk to your doctor about pregnancy.

If you're planning on becoming pregnant, then the time to mention this to your doctor is before you become pregnant. Your medication might need to change in order to optimize your exit. Once you are pregnant, this option is less available. In any case, you and every other woman of child-bearing potential should take at least 800 micrograms (0.8 milligrams) of folic acid (also known as folate) daily in order to minimize the chance of fetal malformation. Once you discover you are pregnant, you might already be past the time at which the folic acid was most needed. Taking it regularly is the safest course of action.

10. The goal is zero seizures and zero side-effects.

Yes, I know I'm repeating myself, but it's just that important!

(C) 2005 by Gary Cordingley

What Causes Snoring?

Snoring can be a super irritating condition and when you or your partner snores, all you want to do is stop snoring! Snoring can cause sleep disturbances for both the person that snores as well as the person that has to hear the snoring. Thankfully, snoring help exists and there are methods one can implement in an effort to stop snoring.

Shape of your mouth, tonsils and adenoids

Snoring is caused by a number of different sources. Snoring can be caused by the way your mouth is shaped and by the shape of your tonsils and adenoids. For instance, large tonsils can block the passageway of the throat when sleeping and this can produce a snoring sound. The removal of tonsils and adenoids is sometimes required in order for an individual to quit snoring. Just as the shape of your mouth and throat might cause snoring, you will find that issues with the nasal passes might also cause you to breathe with your mouth open at night: a common symptom associated with snoring.

Body weight

Your bodily condition can be a source for snoring too; statistics reveal that people that have weight problems snore more. Sleep Apnea is a condition that causes an individual to have breathing difficulties at night and involves the blockage of airways in the throat: the result is snoring. This condition is sometimes associated with people that are obese, but thin people can also have the condition. This condition can be dangerous because it can minimize restorative sleep and it can have a negative effect on one's heart.

Environment

Sometimes snoring has environmental causes. Over consumption of alcohol or the use of some medication can be responsible for causing snoring too. When the throat muscles and tongue are super relaxed, they can block off the airway and cause snoring. If you have a uvula that is long in the back of the throat, this piece of tissue can also cause you to snore.

Snoring help

For snoring help, some people turn to appliances that can be put in the mouth just before going to sleep. Mouthpieces can help to shift the position of the jaw and tongue, and can help to keep your airway open more. As mentioned earlier, sometimes surgical procedures are required to quit snoring, and there are also laser surgery options available to shorten a long soft palate that might be responsible for snoring problems too. Special machines are further assigned to people with chronic Sleep Apnea to stop snoring: the process is identified as Continuous Positive Airway Pressure Therapy. The individual is given a mask to wear that delivers a rush of air into the air passage to keep the airways open and clear all night long.

Study Suggests Myopia Prevalence Decreases With Outdoor Activity

Myopia, or nearsightedness, is a vision defect that happens when one’s eyes are unable to focus the light from distant objects correctly onto the retina. Someone with myopia is able to clearly see objects that are close, but objects that are far away are blurry. 

Myopia generally first arises in elementary-aged children, though it can also develop in adults. Research indicates that it is a hereditary trait – children whose parents are nearsighted are more likely to be as well. Although the inclination to acquire nearsightedness is likely inherited, the development of the condition can be affected by how one uses their eyes. For example, a person who spends a lot of time reading or who does extensive work on the computer or other close visual work may be at higher risk of developing myopia.

Myopia has become increasingly more common over the past 50 years, and it is estimated to now affect around 1.6 billion people worldwide, with numbers expected to climb to 2.5 billion by 2020, according to the Institute of Eye Research. In the United States, nearsightedness (myopia) affects nearly 30 percent of the population.

The increase in myopia cases is thought by a team of Australian researchers to be a result of more children being raised in environments where they don’t see objects far away and their eyes aren’t adapted to focus on distant objects as they develop. Global myopia cases are most prevalent in societies where children watch television and play computer games instead of playing outside, they say. In cities like Hong Kong and Tokyo, 30 to 50 percent of 12-year-old children are myopic; in the United States, it is around 20 percent for this age group.

A report published in the January issue of Optometry and Vision Science found that children with myopia spent an average of 8.3 hours per week outside and children without myopia spent an average of 12.6 hours outside. The study also found that children with myopia watched several additional hours per week of television, on average.

The researchers, from The New England College of Optometry, said that sunlight could expand the range that objects are clearly visible. The effect appeared to be similar with both active and passive outdoor activity.

Myopia symptoms and correction

Common symptoms of myopia in children include squinting to see distant objects, difficulty reading the chalkboard at school, sitting close to the television, and disinterest in playing outside.

Myopia doubles the risk of glaucoma and retinal detachment, both of which can lead to vision loss later in life.

A basic vision test will determine if an individual is nearsighted. Myopia is relatively easy to correct with contact lenses or eyeglasses. The lens bends the images that enter the eye and focuses the image properly. Depending on the severity of one’s myopia, wearers may only need to wear their lenses for certain activities. Adults can also consider laser surgery, which can only be done after the eyeball is fully developed.

Another option for treating myopia is called orthokeratology, or corneal refractive therapy. With this treatment, myopic patients wear specially designed rigid contact lenses that gradually reshape the cornea.

For more information on myopia, or other eye health [http://www.contactlensking.com/eyehealth.aspx] topics, visit Contact Lens King.

Display Lighting Tips To Show Your Pictures In The Best Light

Display lighting requires more than just pointing a beam of light at an object or wall that you want to highlight. In fact, if done correctly, it is quite an art and can be used to balance the light from other fixtures and thereby decrease the amount of contrast present in the surroundings.

Display lighting can be used to highlight pictures, collectibles and also for displaying plants and flowers. It can also be cleverly applied to dark corners or hallways to dispel the gloom and doom present in these areas.

When it comes to highlighting pictures on the wall – this might seem like a simple task of just attaching a picture light, but often getting the display lighting just right for a picture can prove to be a very difficult task.

The fundamental thing to consider is not just the picture and beam of the picture light but the actual wall you are going to mount your pictures on. Preferably, the wall you are going to display pictures on should not have windows (nor should there be any windows on the wall adjacent) because the glare from the natural light outside is going to distort your appreciation of the portrait.

The major problem with displaying portraits and pictures is that the glass covering (which some have) can reflect light and interfere with your viewing of the picture. This is also true of paintings created using glossy oil paint. The best way to overcome this is to position your light source in such a way as will reduce reflective glare. If you still get reflection from the glass, an alternative is to tilt the picture very slightly towards the floor.

Display lighting, if selected and mounted correctly can do wonders to show your pictures at their best. The most common lighting to use here is low voltage spotlights, fluorescent tubing or tungsten-filament strip lighting. But again, remember that having the strip lighting too close to a watercolor painting may cause heat damage.

The other problem to be wary of when using display lighting for pictures is to avoid excess lighting as this can cause fading. Whilst dark paintings will require more light than lighter colored paintings, watercolors are quite sensitive and need careful monitoring when display lighting is used. The same goes for oil paintings, although they are sturdier than watercolors.

The best way to illuminate a picture is to use a special fitting that has tungsten strip lighting and that mounts onto the wall just above the picture or actually onto the frame itself. This is an effective way of angling the tungsten strip light to a position in which you get minimal glare.
If you want to display the whole portrait and not just the top or bottom part of it, you will need a light that is 2/3 (or greater) than the width of the picture. And of course, the further away the light source is from the picture the larger the width of the light beam.

Where you have a large group of pictures on one wall, wall-washing may be a better way of highlighting them all.
This is best achieved by using small uplighters, or a row of recessed downlights or using a hidden fluorescent strip (hidden inside a coving unit or something similar).

Spotlights are another popular alternative and their advantage is that they can be used much further away from the picture (so the risk of heat damage is minimized). Ceiling-mounted spotlights or track mounted are both effective, although the latter is more flexible.
Although spotlights are popular to illuminate pictures with, they do not show off the picture to its best angle artistically.

Alopecia Areata Treatment

There are two main forms of this condition which varies by the amount of hair loss and require different types of alopecia areata treatment. The mild form is where less than 50% of the hair is lost from thinning patches on the scalp and the more severe condition where more than 50% up to 100% of the hair is lost.

When diagnosing alopecia areata it is useful to have some background information about the disease. Alopecia areata is known as an autoimmune condition that can be highly unpredictable and which affects about 1.7% of the population. The body's white blood cells attack the hair follicles resulting in a stop in growth. It usually starts with one or two small round bald patches on the scalp, but can develop into a complete loss of hair, both on the scalp (alopecia totalis) and body (alopecia universalis). It is not known what triggers such attacks, whether the trigger coming from within, or from outside such as in the form of a virus.

Recent research seems to show that some people have genetic markers that increase both their susceptibility to the condition and to its severity. One in five people with the condition will have a relative who is also affected. This is especially true in those who develop the condition before the age of 30. It is more common in families which members also have conditions such as asthma, hay fever, eczema, thyroid disease, Addison's disease, rheumatoid arthritis, lupus erythematosus, vitiligo, Addison's disease or pernicious anemia.

The condition occurs in people of all ages and races and can have huge psychological effects which are exacerbated by the fact that the public at large do not generally understand this condition. It is sudden in sunset and can recur from time to time quite unpredictably.

There is no known cure for alopecia areata and hair loss is a side effect of the underlying disease. Current alopecia areata treatments therefore work by intensive stimulation of the hair follicles which needs to be continued for the duration of the disease.

The mild form of the disease is easier to treat and the most common form of treatment is to have monthly cortisone injections, injected directly into the bare scalp. These are usually quite painless giving a slight tingling sensation and have very few side effects such as minor skin depressions. This alopecia areata treatment is usually complimented with higher strength 5% topical minoxidil solution applied twice daily. Cortisone cream is sometimes used in combination with minoxidil for improved response and applied 30 minutes after the minoxidil application.

Another effective treatment is anthralin cream or ointment, a synthetic, tar-like substance widely used for psoriasis treatment. It is applied to the bare scalp once daily and as it can be a skin irritant is usually only left on for 30-60 minute periods then washed off. Successful treatments can stimulate new hair growth in eight to twelve weeks.

Extensive alopecia areata is much more difficult to treat and local injections of cortisone into the scalp are not that effective. In some cases cortisone pills are prescribed, these have a more powerful effect but there is a greater risk of side effects with extended use. In general they are not strictly prescribed apart from to young healthy adults who may have higher tolerance levels for the drug. Topical minoxidil at 5% strength is still the most common alopecia areata treatment and effective even for intensive alopecia areata. Another method that is used frequently in Canada and Europe is known as topical immunotherapy. This uses the chemicals diphencyprone (DPP) or squaric acid dibutyl ester (SADBE) to induce an allergic rash in the scalp. To date topical immunotherapy has been show to be the most effective alopecia areata treatment with 40% of patients regrowing hair after six months of treatment.

Sufferers of alopecia areata should not give up hope of a cure as there are many ongoing research projects are currently being undertaken. Some of the most promising involve gene therapy, stem cells research and hair follicle development and new alopecia areata treatments will continue to be made available.

For more general information about the causes of alopecia please visit our web site.

Benefits of Using Manuka Honey As a Wound Dressing

Honey has been used as a natural wound healer for many years. However, recent discoveries have concluded that one particular kind of honey, indigenous to New Zealand, contains plant-derived healing properties that sets it apart from other types of honey. Manuka Honey's greatest asset is its antibacterial properties. Most traditional forms of medicine used for clearing infections can be damaging to skin tissue. However, Manuka Honey has been found to have no known side effects.

In addition to being an excellent source for healing infection, Manuka Honey also helps to prevent scarring. During the healing process, a wound will form a scab in an effort to prevent further blood loss. The problem is that newly forming skin can only grow below the scab. This creates a deformity as the new tissue is not even with the rest of the skin. However, the moist healing environment created by Manuka Honey helps to lift the scab, therefore, allowing for the regeneration of new skin to grow flush with the surface of the wound.

In some more serious wounds, patients notice that the wound begins to smell bad. Wounds most commonly associated with malodor include exudating wounds, chronic pressure ulcers, venous leg ulcers, diabetic / neuropathic ulcers, fungating, cancerous or malignant lesions and wounds with necrotic tissue. Wound odor is mostly due to the degradation of tissue or bacteria that release compounds and fatty acids. When a Manuka Honey-based dressing is used, the bacteria feed of the sugars in the honey and give off better smelling gases, therefore minimizing or eliminating malodor.

Manuka Honey also has powerful anti-inflammatory properties that help to relate pain associated with wounds. Once Manuka Honey is applied to a wound, tissue infection and swelling is immediately reduced. Since pain is never considered a desirable experience, this could possibly be one of Manuka Honey's more favorable qualities.

Perhaps the element that has brought Manuka Honey into the spot light as of late is its ability to destroy antibiotic-resistant bacteria such as MRSA and VRE. With the widespread concern of Staph infections and the lack of treatment alternatives, Manuka Honey has come through like a ray of hope, effectively healing such conditions where antibiotics have failed. News headlines around the world have described Manuka Honey's ability to go toe-to-toe with this deadly infection. The best way to describe it is that, by osmosis, Manuka Honey draws moisture out of the bacterial cells, making it impossible for them to stay alive. This is why no bacteria has ever been able to develop a resistance to Manuka Honey, and never will.

Below is a brief recapitulation of Manuka Honey's wound healing benefits:

* Antibacterial properties rapidly clear infection
* Causes scabs to lift, avoiding scar formation
* Eliminates malodor in more serious wounds
* Kills antibiotic-resistant bacteria, such as MRSA
* Heals wounds quickly
* Repairs damaged skin and regenerates new skin growth
* Anti-inflammatory properties reduce pain
* No negative side effects