Effects of Copper Peptides in Wound Healing

What exactly are copper peptides and how can these elements improve skin rejuvenation? Generally speaking, peptides are small fragments of proteins (and the proteins are the key building blocks of most living tissues). Certain kinds of peptides have an avid affinity for copper, to which they bind very tightly. The resulting compound including a peptide and a copper atom has been known as a copper peptide.

A lot of substances can have a beneficial effect on wound healing. A special character of bioavailable copper peptides is that they reduce scar tissue formation while promoting normal skin remodeling. In other words, they help better restore the injured area to its original look.

The sequence of copper peptide action is rather complex. Copper bound to aminoacids promotes the dissolution of "extra-large" collagen aggregates found in scars and promotes the synthesis of smaller more regular collagen found in normal skin. It also promotes the synthesis of elastin, proteoglycans, glycosaminoglycans and other elements of the skin matrix. Other critical effects of Copper Peptides include the ability to regulate the growth rate and migration of different types of cells; significant anti-inflammatory action; and the ability to prevent the release of iron capable of promoting oxidation into the tissues. The net result is a faster, better and "cleaner" healing.

You may say it's nice to have perfectly healed wounds, but what about people who do not have any injuries or ulcerations to heal? Can copper peptides be useful for normal skin protection and rejuvenation? It appears that they can. However, while the wound healing effects of copper peptide have been researched and documented in many studies, much less research has been done so far on their cosmetic and anti-aging application.

Various existing skin care treatments are based on the concept of eliminating the outermost or even deer layers of the skin. The resulting healing mechanism stimulates skin remodeling leading to softer, younger looking skin. Since copper peptides optimize healing and improve skin remodeling, they can increase the effect of therapies based on various forms of controlled skin damage. In special, copper peptides can be useful after various types of laser resurfacing, dermabrasion, and chemical peels.

Copper peptides are effective against several forms of skin irritation, mainly because of their anti-inflammatory effects. Skin irritation, even in the absence of open wounds, consistently speeds up skin aging by stimulating the formation of free radicals and other damage by-products. Some common skin rejuvenation treatments, such as tretinoin (Retin A, Renova) and alpha hydroxy acids can cause irritation. If during treatment you suffer skin irritation for an extended period of time, your skin may likely end up in a worse condition than when you started. In several cases, copper peptides can reduce or eliminate the irritation and help maximizeize treatment benefits.

Understanding Alopecia – Causes and Treatment

You see that you're losing tremendous amount of hair and this worry you too much. You think you're healthy and the hair loss just freaks you out. What gives? At some point of every individual's lives, hair loss is most likely to occur. Hair loss or alopecia occurs to both genders. Alopecia, for those unacquainted with it, is the widely-used medical term to describe hair loss in women. However, alopecia can be further differentiated into two more medical conditions which are alopecia areata and androgenic alopecia.

What do you think are the causes of alopecia? A less commonly-known cause of alopecia is the fluctuations in the female hormone estrogen which is acknowledged to contribute to lush hair growth. Women who are close to their menopausal years may find that their estrogen levels tend to fall at this time, so their hair does not grow out in the same volume as in previous years. Actually, it is quite difficult to make the distinction between alopecia caused by heightened testosterone levels and alopecia triggered by a drop in estrogen levels because they have almost the same symptoms.

There are actually 2 identifying state undering in alopecia and both are worth considering for:

1. Alopecia areata

This is caused by a malfunctioning immune system that tends to target your hair follicles. The main symptom of this type of hair loss is losing hair in patches around the scalp. This type of alopecia is rather unstable because sometimes the hair will grow back again even without medical attention, while in other cases the hair loss is permanent and may even progress further. One source attributes alopecia areata to an under-functioning thyroid gland that has also been targeted by the immune system. The problem is, even when the thyroid has been properly trated that will not bring back your lost hair.

2. Androgenic alopecia

This second sub-condition is caused by malfunctioning hormones and happens to occur quite commonly nowdays – one estimate places incidence at 20% of the entire female population. It is attributed to the overproduction of the androgenic hormone called testosterone which usually is produced in large quantities in male bodies but not to a very significant degree in women under normal conditions. When there is too much testosterone in men, they start to lose hair on their scalp but grow more hair on their bodies, for some strange reason. Women who have too much testosterone may find themselves losing hair on their scalp, growing facial hair and body hair to an alarming degree, and experiencing an outbreak of acne because their skin produces to the heightened testosterone levels.

Regardless of what causes alopecia or hair loss in women or to what degree, it is very traumatizing for women anyway because the hair on a woman's scalp is her crowning glory. A plain-looking woman with healthy hair can seem more beautiful than a pretty woman who is balding. That is why, when women start seeing the symptoms of alopecia on their heads, they will probably try to seek medical help as soon as possible.

If you do seek medical attention, your doctor may ask for a wait and see period to check if you are simply going through a phase where you experience a faster degree of shedding of hair (called telogen effluvium), or are really suffering from alopecia. Your doctor may prescribe certain treatments that aim to increase hair growth in your scalp again. One is to lower testosterone levels by consumption of oral contraceptives. Another is to take medicines that can halt the production of testosterone. Washing your scalp with a hair re-growth solution minoxidil is a third option. But bear in mind that all treatments have their own special effects so you need to be cautious about pursuing any hair re-growth program, particularly if you are pregnant.

Stroke (Brain Attack) Part VII – How to Prevent Stroke With Nutritional Supplements

As we mentioned in previous articles, stroke is caused by uncontrolled diet that is high in saturated and trans fats resulting in cholesterol building up in the blood vessel in the brain that block the circulation of blood to the body, including cells in the brain. If not enough oxygen is delivered to the brain cells, some cells die off and can not reproduce, the you may have a stroke. Other strokes happen when a blood vessel in the brain ruptures causing the cells in your brain to be depleted of oxygen, so they die and can never come back. Nutritional supplements have played an important role for nutritionally deficient patients in preventing stroke and here are some of them:

1. B-complex
Three B-vitamins: folate, B-6, and B-12 can lower homocysteine, an amino acid that is naturally found in the body and study shows that the higher level of homocysteine ​​in the blood, the higher the risk of stroke.

2. Beta-carotene
Beta-carotene is an antioxidant that may reduce oxidative stress to brain cells. Such stress occurs when highly volatile forms of oxygen damage cell structure. Study shows that beta-carotene helps to reduce the risk against cerebral infraction and stroke.

3. Vitamin E
Vitamin E is an antioxidant that helps to reduce arterial clotting.

4. Selenium
Selenium is a powerful agent that helps to keep tissues and arms elastic. It also helps to reduce the stickiness of the blood and decrees the risk of clotting, in turn lowering the risk of heart attack and stroke. Selenium increases the ratio of HDL (good) cholesterol to LDL (bad) cholesterol.

5. Pycnogenol
Pycnogenol helps to keep collagen elastic and soften the blood platelets, making blood flow more efficiently.

6. Co enzyme Q-10
Co enzyme is a strong antioxidant that not only protects low density lipoprotein LDL against oxidants, but also helps for getting oxygen to the cells.

7. Lecithin
Lecithin is a fat-like substance called a phospholipid that helps to remove bad cholesterol and other lipids from the body. It also protects the arms and organs from the build up of fatty tissue that can lead to stroke or heart attack.

8. Melatonin
Melatonin is a neurohormone produced in our body by the pineal gland. It is a powerful antioxidant that easily penetrates the blood-brain barrier and is used to treat thrombotic stroke.

9. Vitamin C
Vitamin C helps to strengthen the arterial wall, lowering the risk of heart diseases and stroke.

I hope this information will help. If you need more information, please visit my home page at:

Surgery is an Efficient Way to Treat Glaucoma

Glaucoma is one of the foremost reasons for blindness in the world today. This does not have to be so, as it can be treated successfully if it is discovered early. There are a few ways to treat glaucoma and the most radical one is by surgery. This treatment is done after the other options have failed.

Glaucoma is a term that doctors have given to four eye diseases. What the four types of it have in common is how they destroy vision. It occurs when the optic nerve becomes destroyed due to pressure or lack of blood supply. Doctors are not sure exactly why this happens in some people and not in others.

The people at highest risk of this disease are black people, people over 40, and anyone with a history of the disease in their family. Doctors will first try to treat glaucoma with medications, but if this does not work then a surgical procedure is the last option. There are two types of operations that can be performed to treat it; traditional and laser.

Both traditional and laser surgery can make a world of difference in treating glaucoma. Doctors will only turn to an operation as a last resort after every other treatment has failed to work. Sometimes a glaucoma operation can cause cataracts, but they are very treatable. Laser trabeculoplasty is an operation used for open angle glaucoma.

This operation is safe and fast and requires almost no recuperation time. The laser is aimed at drainage channels in the eye; a tiny hole will be made to help the fluid drain out. Trabeculectomy is a traditional surgical operation. In this operation a tiny hole is made in the white part of the eye, to help in fluid drainage. Recovery time from this type of operation can be up to eight weeks.

Drain implantation involves putting a microscopic plastic tube inside the eye to improve drainage and pressure. The last type of operation is cyclophotocoagulation. In this procedure a laser is used on the surface of the eye to try to disrupt the part of the eye that produces fluid. This procedure is the most dangerous and can cause a decrease in vision, which is why doctors use it as a last resort.

Having surgery for glaucoma is not something that anyone wants to have to go through. The good news is that if a person takes care of their eye health and gets regular exams, then there is a chance that they may never have to have a glaucoma operation. Taking care of yourself is always the smartest thing to do.

The Importance of Vaccinating Your Puppy

You spend so much time trying to find the right the right breed for you and your family. Now that you have your new puppy, there are some things that you need to take care of before you start on the path to your new life together.

Remember that your puppy needs to be vaccinated very early on in life. These vaccinations will help your puppy's immune system fight off some major diseases, much like the vaccinations that you got when you were a child. Some of the core vaccines that your puppy should receive are the rabies vaccine, the parvovirus vaccine, the canine hepatitis vaccine and the canine distemper vaccine. These injections and the boosters that will come in years following will help to keep your puppy healthy and happy. Here are a few things about these diseases to show you why it can be so important to vaccinate your puppy.

Rabies is a virus that causes the brain to swell. Symptoms tend to include malaise, headache, fever, and later, acute pain, violent movements, an accessibility to swallow water, and finally mania, lethargy and possibly coma. The virus is easily spread, often through open wounds, and if your puppy is not vaccinated against it, the output is generally bleak.

Canine parvovirus 2, or parvo for short, is a very serious disease. Symptoms can include lethargy, excessive vomiting, fever, and bloody diarrhea. The vomiting and diarrhea will dehydrate your puppy, leading to some very nasty complications. These complications almost invariably occur, and lead to the death of the puppy. Unfortunately, parvo is not treatable in and of itself. The veterinarian has to treat the symptoms and hope for the best. This is why vaccination against parvo is so important.

Canine hepatitis affects the liver, much like the human strain. It is spread through feces, urine, blood, saliva, and nasal discharge. Symptoms can include fever, depression, loss of appetite, coughing and tender abdomen. If left untreated, complications such as jaundice, corneal edema, and bleeding disorders may occur.

Canine distemper virus is spread through aerosol droplets, and contact with infected bodily fluids. The infection tends to affect the lymphoid, epithelial, and nervous tissues. This generally leads to problems with lymphoid depletion, interstitial pneumonia, encephalitis, and hyperkeratosis of foot pads. The mortality rate depends on the dogs' immunity. For this reason, vaccination is extremely important.

It is incredibly important to the health of your puppy to get vaccinated. If you would like more information about vaccination, please contact your local Philadelphia Veterinarian Clinic by clicking here .

Ophiasis – What is Ophiasis?

If there are patches on the head or the body which are completely devoid of hair, it could be Ophiasis, a type of Alopecia Areata. Ophiasis is Greek for "snake" as it is recognized by a serpent like design on the temporal or occipital area of ​​the scalp.

The bald patch will be very smooth and may increase in size. It leaves no scar and is inflammatory. It could affect anyone, young and old, man or woman. It is not a dangerous disease but it affects the psychology of the patient as it may lead to total loss of hair and may make the patient a recluse in society.

There are three steps in the growth of follicles of hair. Anagen implications activity in the hair follicle. Hair grows in this stage. Catagen implies growth retardation. Telogen is the time for the follicle to rest. Hair falls at this stage. The cycle is complete and anagen starts again.

In the anagen stage follicles may get inflamed. This is Ophiasis. They enter the telogen phase instead of catagen. If this keeps happening weak strands of hair are produced from the follicles.

Some researchers believe that the follicles quickly proceed from the first stage to the last one. Some believe that the follicles get captured in the last stage. In the early stages of the disease the cycle gets disrupted. This leads to a large number of hair follicles in each stage.

Clumps of hair of the last stage fall from all parts of the body. If the roots are visible they are telogen follicles. At the borders of the bald patch are broken hair which look like exclamation marks.

This is how Ophiasis occurs.

What You Need to Know About Shingles Symptoms

Shingles is a common disease in adults that frequently manifests as an awful and painful rash. The very first signs of shingles are a flaming or itchy pain inside or under the skin as felt by the patient. It may sometimes be associated with numbness.

Other common symptoms of shingles vary from fever to chilliness with a troubled stomach and head. The pain caused by shingles is sometimes meek and sometimes strong. Different people describe different feelings associated with shingles pain. The blazing feel in the affected area may sometimes join the killing pain. When 2 to 4 days pass with the early symptoms of shingles, a rash of tiny fluid filled blisters suggesting chickenpox, seen on the skin of the patient. The skin color also changes from its natural color to red.

Within 3 to 5 days the blisters turn up influentially making the situation worse. The eruption or blisters are typically limited to a specific band which is known as dermatome. These blisters may span one side of the box, around the waistline or may simply gather on a side of the face. Distribution of the shingles is an indication that will tell where the chickenpox virus is hiding. This virus may be present there since the start of the infection. The trunk and the face affect the most with comparison to the other parts of the body. In some remote cases the lower part of the body may also get affected.

The open arching takes 7 to 14 days from the date of blisters blow up to form outer layer on the skin. It may take further 14 days or so to get relief from the sores caused by the eruption of the blisters. The pain associated with it may be there for months and in some rare cases even for years! As the time passes, the immune system of the body improves to fight shingles and the symptoms of shingle recover. This is normal in most of the cases.

There may be cases where shingles complications happen. One of the most common complications is postherpetic neuralgia. When pain persists in the affected area even after the shingles healed is called posttherpetic neuralgia. It is important to see your physician if you have any of these symptoms.

Acoustic Neuroma Hearing Loss – Strategies For Coping With One Sided Deafness

Often one of the symptoms of acoustic neuroma is single sided hearing loss. Depending on the tumor size, type of treatment and other factors, single sided deafness or near deafness can be one of the outcomes of treatment.  

If you are living with one sided hearing loss or deafness, you may be familiar with some of the following scenarios.

You are walking down the street, or across campus, or through a parking lot. A friendly voice is calling your name. Your look around but can’t see who it is. They continue to cheerfully call out, “Over here!” Each time you ask where, they again call out, “Over here!”

You are in a noisy restaurant at a work related meeting. You can’t hear the person beside you on the side of your deaf ear. You can hear some of what the person on your other side is saying. You can hear some of what the person across from you is saying. You can’t hear your boss, who called the meeting. You hope you aren’t missing any important information

You are at a social get together. Not everyone there knows you well or knows about your single sided deafness. You are doing your best to participate and to fit in. You are picking up the gist of the conversation with those right across from you or right next to your hearing ear. In fact, you are doing a bit of grinning and nodding, and making a few comments here and there, which you hope are relevant.  You happen to look to the side of your deaf ear, and see that the person sitting beside you is moving their lips. They seem to be talking to you. You have no idea how long they have been speaking. They do not seem to notice that you have not heard a single word.  

The following tips are being offered to help you cope:

*Use visual cues and knowledge of your environment to figure out where a voice is coming from.

*Use seating arrangements to your advantage. With experimenting, you will eventually figure out the best places to sit in a group setting.

*Turn to face a person sitting on your deaf side, even though it feels awkward at first.

*Communicate your needs to others. Be easy on them if they forget. Just tell them again.

*Be easy on yourself. It is not your fault this happened. You owe it to yourself to speak up so others can help to include you.

*Have a sense of humor. The best laid plans are bound to go wrong, and it would behoove you to learn to laugh about it.

*Relax! In most social settings, most people won’t hear most of what is said. You can always catch up with people one on one, later.

*Have a daily relaxation routine, such as breathing exercises, yoga, or walking. It will go a long way toward helping you cope and put things in perspective.

I hope these tips have been helpful to you. I wish you the best on your acoustic neuroma journey.

Backache Herbal Remedies – All Natural Pain Relief

Thousands of years ago ancient human standing up of his two hind limbs and started walking with two legs instead of four, gradually the back and spine of human beings adapted to maintain this posture and bodily needs. This change in performance of body function has many advantages to humans by free his hands for attaining the skills to sustain life, but this also brought the problem of backache along, as the weight of entire body was transmitted to ground via the back and this makes backache the second most common reason to visit doctors clinic.

Pain occurs most commonly in lower back which is commonly called as lumbago. Most common cause of backache is herniation of inter vertebral disc. Backache may also be caused due to spinal tumor, ankylosing spondylitis, diseases in the pelvis, injury to the back sometimes caused due to lifting heavy weights.

Herbal remedies

Various different types of herbal remedies have been used since ages for this chronic painful condition, which aggravates off and on in patients of spinal diseases. Herbal remedies are considered better than the allopathic medicines by many due to its long lasting effects and less chances of producing adverse effects. These herbal preparations may be either for external application or may be for ingestion to cure the pain.

External herbal remedies

The external remedies are applied over the back with a gentle massage or just applied over the affected area and left as such, to relieve the pain cause. They may produce soothing effect either by warmth produced or by local release of chemicals in body by stimulating nerve endings in skin of back.

Hot pepper – It releases chemical 'capsaicin' which irritates and stimulates nerves to release the endorphins, the pain relieving chemicals in body. Preparations made by including pepper in creams are made for local applications over the back.

Ginger – Application of ginger, mixed with suitable other herbs is also believed to decrease the pain.

Herbal baths – By using herbs such as Chamomile, passion flower, Jamaican dogwood, lavender, peppermint, rosemary, ginger and St. Paul. John's Wort hops may be helpful to many patients.

Herbal oils – Herbal oils obtained from trees such as eucalyptus and many such trees are available in markets are backache relieving formulas. You can also use massage oil Rumatone Gold Oil for better result.

Herbal remedies for internal use

Many herbs are used as medicine to cure the chronic nature of backache. These herbs for use have been described in ancient Indian medicine literature of Ayurveda, although their exact mechanisms of action are not known, as we know of the allopathic medicines today.

Guggulu – This is a herb which is used in many herbal preparations to treats pains of chronic nature such as the backaches and the rheumatic pains of joints. The preparations in the form of tablets or powders marketed by companies have to be taken many times along with special medicinal solutions known as 'Kada'. Preparations of Guggulu such as Yograj guggulu and Kaishore guggulu are available in tablet forms and if taken for long time such as 2-3 months, are believed to tie chronic pains arriving from joints including the back.

Coriander and turmeric powder – Taking this powder along with water for few days is believed to tie the pains arising from joints of body.

Beating Swine Flu Naturally – Organic Remedies and Protection From the H1N1 Virus

Swine flu has become a buzz-word over the last couple of months as it jumped the borders of the originating country, Mexico, and spread globally like wildfire. Also known as swine influenza virus (SIV), influenza A or by its subtype identifier of H1N1, swine flu refers to any strain of influenza endemic to pigs. Although widespread among pig populations worldwide, the H1N1 strain is not commonly contracted by humans. It can, however, cross species divides and when conditions are favorable lead to the previously experienced pandemic situation.

This is not the first time the H1N1 virus has spread unchecked either. In 1918-1919 an estimated 21 million people died from a swine flu pandemic. Although the influenza virus is virulent, there is much that can be done to protect ones naturally naturally against the virus. Just as in the case of human influenza, contracting swine flu can be checked to a large degree by maintaining high levels of personal hygiene and dietary integrity. All viral infections will find fertile ground in those with compromised immune systems first and in following good basic hygiene practices and ensuring that our diets are geared towards strong, active immune system function can prevent viruses the foot hold they need to thrive and survive.

Good virus busting personal hygiene habits that should make up part of a natural swine flu prevention regimen include regularly washing your hands with a good quality hand sanitizer, using a tissue to cover your nose and mouth when sneezing or coughing and avoiding excessive hand contact with your mouth or nose. These points are of particular importance if you have been in physical contact with fixtures in public facilities, having been working with money or any other items that are exposed to wide public contact. Areas where an outbreak of swine flu has been positively confirmed should naturally be avoided as far as possible. Be particularly cautious of crowed and poorly ventilated locations.

Avoiding exposure to viral infections is not the most effective method of avoiding contracting infections such as swine flu. Our first line of defense should always be the maintenance of a strong, natural immunity. There are many diet and lifestyle standards that can assist our bodies to maintain a vibrant immune system and these should be followed at all times and not just as an attempt to prevent the spread of swine flu. Our modern diets are notoriously deficient in essential nutrients and we need to consciously bias our daily nutritional intake to include foods rich in vitamins, minerals and essential micronutrients. This is made far easier with the widespread availability of nutritional supplements that can be a quick and convenient method of bolstering our immune systems.

If any influenza infection is suspected, a doctor should be consulted immediately. If the infection is positively identified as being due to exposure to the H1N1 virus, specific medical measures will be instituted by your doctor. The symptoms of swine flu are very similar to those of human influenza however, and there are several natural remedies that can relate them. Some old, proven standards are:

Willow bark extracts: A predecessor to aspirin, willow bark contains salicin which is a powerful pain killer and fever buster.

Peppermint: Peppermint sooths coughs and as a mild muscle relaxant helps reduce the cough reflex.

Slippery elm: Contains mucilage which is an effective remedy for sore throats and coughs. Okra also contains mucilage.

Mullein flowers: These can be used in an infusion to make an expectorant and decongestant tea.

Ginger: Ginger is an effective remedy for upset stomachs and nausea.

Echinacea: This is one of the most effective natural remedies for all flu related symptoms. It is also known to shorten the duration of infections.

Watercress: Either dry or fresh, watercress is a good remedy for runny noses and coughs.

Swine flu is certainly not in the same league as the common cold. It is highly contagious and as proven fatal in an alarming number of cases involving individuals with compromised immune system function due to age or pre-exsisting illness. However, it can be invented in many cases by simply following sound common sense practices and a solid immunity boosting diet. As mentioned previously, do not hesitate to seek professional medical advice if you suspect exposure or exhibit any flu like symptoms.

Glaucoma Treatment – How to Treat Glaucoma Naturally?

There are several physical disorders which disturb the balance of a human body. People run for treatment of these disorders and unfortunately they face a fair percentage of disappointment. The world is so beautiful and when there is a slight hindrance to view this world, then you feel irritated. Glaucoma is a state where a person feels partial or complete blindness and is one of the unfortunate disorders related to eyes. The main reason of this disorder is related to hypertension within the eye area, which results in partial and at times complete blindness. People who suffer from far sighted vision are more likely to get this disorder.

There are indications of glaucoma based on which you can confirm your state with the eye specialist. The appearance of colored rings in or around any object of target vision is the first and in fact the most appropriate signs of glaucoma. This is often accompanied by pain near brow and cheek areas. The gradual increase of pain and colored vision leads to complete blindness, if not treated on time.

Experts believe that stress on the eyes and exposing the eyes under bad light conditions frequently, are primarily responsible for the occurrence of this problem. The deficiency of salts in the body may also result in this disorder because that somehow leads to the accumulation of fluids in the eye tissues. This fluid disturbs the position of iris and you feel acute pain at times. You should make sure that salt intake and retention of salts are appropriate in your body and you can very well avoid Glaucoma.

The easiest option, which people resort to, is surgery. It removes the fluid from the concerned areas but, this is not a permanent and guaranteed solution. There are cases and surveys, which shows the condition getting back to square one at times. The patient suffering from this disorder should get a complete and a natural solution because in the end it’s the matter of vision. Natural treatments starts with a routine and you have to strictly follow the routine and make sure you don’t miss any details. The diet intake for the patient is strictly maintained which is fresh fruits and vegetables for a week. Fruits like oranges, apples, pine apples and grapes should be on the diet chart.

An enema is suggested on a daily basis to make sure that the bowel movement is clear. This process goes hand in hand with the eye exercises which strengthen the eye muscles. These exercises should be done under the guidance of an expert. Tea, tobacco, coffee and beer should be avoided to make sure that there is no counter effect. Foods rich in vitamin C should be high on menu and fresh vegetables are always encouraged. Nutrient rich in vitamin b complex and calcium also have proved useful in relieving the intraocular pressure. Give your eyes a rest from the computer and reading for every 20 minutes. You should make sure that there is no emotional stress on the patient because that may lead to adverse situation. Ensure that extra care is taken and avoid excessive burden on brain as well. The natural process is time consuming but the solution is always permanent.

Why Caring For The Nose And Throat Is Important For Healthy Living

Most of the acute infections to which man is heir enter the body through the nose and mouth. Common colds, influenza, tonsillitis, pneumonia, scarlet fever, diphtheria, infantile paralysis, and so on, through a long list of diseases, find their way into the body through this portal. Measures which reduce the ineffective material which gains access to the nose and mouth, such as frequent washing of the hands and keeping them away from the face, the use of individual drinking glasses, and the avoidance of exposure to persons with these diseases, are all Worth while. There is, however, little or nothing of value in the way of local preventive measures to suggest. In fact, the best advice that can be given to most persons concerning the care of the nose and throat is briefly expressed by: "Whatever you do, do not."

The equivalent value of gargles, nasal douches, jellies, sprays, or drops, the so-called "control by nasal hygiene," is based on nothing more than advertising propaganda. Furthermore, the regular use of such preparations without medical advice is pernicious. These preparations usually give temporary relief of nasal stuffiness but they also interfere with the normal protective mechanism of the nasal mucous membrane and in time may cause sufficient irritation to give rise to a chronic catarrhal condition. When this occurs, the medication still gives temporary relief, so the natural inclining is to use it more frequently.

There is a possibility also that over a period of time there way be enough absorption of these substances to be deleterious. Snuffers of cocaine or of snuff soon learn that absorption from the mucous membrane of the nose is prompt and efficient. In like manner, other substances are absorbed and in some cases the effects may well be cumulative and toxic.

Obstruction to Breathing
The most frequent cause of obstruction to breathing is the common cold, a condition of such importance that we have devoted several articles to its consideration. Uncomplicated colds rarely last more than a week or two, but the sinus infections which may complicate them are frequently protracted. The other common causes of chronic nasal obstruction are adenoids in children and allergic conditions, nasal polyps, and abnormalities of the nasal septum in older persons. Lasting relief can be expected only by eliminating the cause of the obstruction, whatever this may be. Self-medication merely aggravates the trouble.

Adenoids
Adenoids is the dull, pinched, stupid expression of the mouth breathing child cries for relief. Susceptibility to colds and ear infections, impaired hearing, and a deformed upper jaw are among the other results of chronic mouth-breathing by children. The usual cause of this is adenoids, an overgrowth of tonsils like tissue located in the upper part of the pharynx behind the nose. Fortunately this can be relieved by a simple surgical procedure.

Abnormalities of the Nasal Septum
The septum is the partition between the two sides of the nose. It is composed in part of cartilage and in part of bone. Theoretically the septum should be straight but it is rarely. In fact, a perfectly straight septum is just as rare as an artistically perfect nose. Although most deformities of the septum are of little or no consequence, they are often of sufficient seriousness to interfere with breathing. This not only is annoying but also predisposes to colds and sinus infection. In such cases an operative procedure to straighten the septum is indicated.

Sinus Infection
The term "sinus infection" is now used almost as loosely as nasal catarrh was in the past; many persons who because of some nasal stuffiness think they have sinus infection do not have it at all. On the other hand, sinus infection is of such frequency and seriousness that it merits careful diagnosis and treatment.

The sinuses are cavities in the bones of the face which are connected by small openings with the nasal easily and are lined with mucous membrane which is (continuous with the mucous membrane of the nose. days without much improvement, the infection has extended to the membranes lining the sinuses, especially to the lower sinuses, which do not drain so easily as the upper group. condition will heal promptly as the individual's resistance increases and the natural forces of repair improve under the general measures advisable in these conditions.

The actual cause of sinus disease is infection from the nose, but predisposing factors are violent blowing of the nose, a hypersensitive allergic nasal mucous membrane, diving, swimming with the nose in the water, possibly damp climates, and the promiscuous use of sprays, oils, and antiseptics in the nose during acute colds.

Acute sinus infections often clear up without treatment or with the application of such simple measures as heat, steam inhalations, rest, and improved nasal drainage. Occidentally, however, the infection is so severe or drain so inadequate that pus accumulates in the sinus. This, also, may clear up promptly or it may develop into a sub acute or chronic condition. In acute sinus infection local symptoms of nasal discharge, pain, and headache, as well as general symptoms of fever, fatigue, general aches, and cough, are the rule. In chronic sinus disease, on the other hand, the local symptoms may be absolutely absent. Occidentally infection from a sinus may be transported by the blood to other parts of the body, such as the joints, kidneys, heart, or brain. It is a condition potentially so serious calls for adequate medical supervision and treatment.

Hay Fever
The sneezing, sniffling, and nose blowing, commonly called "hay fever," occurs with greater or less frequency the year round. In fact, hay fever and related allergic conditions, such as asthma, hives, and certain eczema, headaches, and digestive disturbances, occur whenever the substance to which an individual is sensitive gains access to the body in sufficient quantities

The symptoms considered typical of hay fever may be produced by pollen of plants, grasses, or trees, by the dander or hair of animals, by lint, feathers, foods, and many other substances. The pollen, however, are the only substances of this sort which are definitely seasonal. Most cases of spring hay fever are due to grass pollen, although even before the grasses begin to pollinate there are some cases, usually considered spring colds, which are due to the pollen of trees. The pollen of most of the flowering plants is reliably large and heavy and is transported from one plant to another by bees or other insects; hence, they are rarely responsible for hay fever. On the other hand, the pollen of grasses, trees, and many other plants are wind-borne and spell misery to hundreds of thousands of persons each year. Such pollen grains may be transported severe distances and to great heights by air currents.

The most common causes of spring hay fever, frequently called "spring colds" or "rose colds," are the pollen of trees and grasses, while the pollen of ragweed, Wormwood, Russian thistle, and pig weed are responsible for most of the fall hay fever. Goldenrod, long thought to be the cause of fall hay fever, has been exonerated. It and other flowering plants have been suspected in connection with hay fever because they happen to flower at the time that weeds with inconspicuous flowers are pollinating.

After a physician has determined the cause of one's hay fever, the simplest way to prevent it is to live, at least during the half fever season: in a region in which the pollen to which one it sensitive do not exist. Another way to reduce exposure to pollen is to spend most of the day during the hay fever season in filtered air. This gives relief in many cases.

For the unfortunate hay fever victims who can not move away during the hay fever season and whose homes and places of work are not air-conditioned, there is still considerable hope of obtaining relief, for it is usually possible so to increase one's tolerance that one will be free from symptoms or at least reasonably comfortable even though exposed to high concentrations of pollen. This is accomplished by having a series of injections of the pollen to which one is sensitive. In order to be effective this treatment must be based upon an accurate diagnosis of the causes of the hay fever and the inclusion in the treatment substance of all the pollen which are liable for symptoms. Failure to do these two things has been the reason of many of the unsatisfactory results from this type of preventive treatment of hay fever in the past.

Temporary relief in hay fever and other allergic conditions run frequently are obtained by the use of a reliably new group of drugs called antihistamines.

The Tonsils
With so many tonsils being removed one naturally wonders which the tonsils are for. Actually there is no certain evidence as to their purpose, although it is generally thought that they have some sort of protective function, ineffective though this seems to be in most cases.

In childhood, tonsils and adenoids are naturally large but both decrease in size during later life. There are three conditions which make removal of the tonsils and adenoids advised:
(1) repeated attacks of acute tonsillitis or quinsy;
(2) Enlargement of tonsils and adenoids to the point of causing obstruction to the nose or the Eustachian tube;
(3) Reasonable suspicion that the tonsils are serving as a focus of infection. In the event of a serious disease condition in which other possible focus of infection has been eliminated, it is sometimes advisable to sacrifice the tonsils even though the local condition does not offer adequate proof of tonsil infection.

Miraculous results can not be expected from removal of the tonsils; but when definite indications for tonsillectomy exist, sufficient improvement may be expected to amply justify the Operation. Tonsillectomy is not a dangerous procedure if adequate precautions are taken to safeguard against accident. Undoubtedly many tonsils have been needlessly removed in the past and more will be sacrificed in the future. On the other hand, the indications for the removal of tonsils and adenoids are being more accurately defined and medical opinion on the subject of tonsillectomy is becoming more and more conservative.

What Are the Different Types of Wounds Responsible for Causing Tetanus?

Beside roadside injuries, tetanus may occur from various wounds caused by cuts, especially while working in fields / gardens, or when a deep punctured wound occurs in the case of mechanics engaged in various factories / workshops, etc. Tetanus may also manifest itself in patients with bed sores, or wounds caused by splints, or in cases of burns, skin ulcers or, following tooth extraction. It may be due to gunshot wound as well. A simple pinprick, injury by nail, thorn may also cause this problem. Fishermen may also suffer from it when they get an injury while handling the fish-hook. Frost-bite can also prove dangerous in some cases.

Tetanus may appear when injections or intravenous drips are given without proper sterilization. It is usually seen when drug addicts do not use properly sterilized needles / syringes.

The disease is known to occur when the wound is a tiny one, which can hardly be seen and is completely forgotten / healed. In such cases, the patient did suffer from an injury sometimes or the other.

Sometimes tetanus breaks out even in the wards of hospitals. It happens when the various materials used are not quite sterilized. As already mentioned, tetanus spores are highly resistant in nature, and require very high temperature for sterilization / autoclaving. Boiling. for at least 4-5 hours is required to eliminate these spores. In operation cases, tetanus spores get free from the unsterilized material, eg cat-gut, gauze, cotton, etc., the wounds caused by the operation serve as the ports of entry for tetanus spores, and their further germination into vegetative forms, which are responsible for the secretion of the toxin.

A pregnant woman may also become the victim of tetanus by a wound caused during labor / child-birth. It usually occurs when the woman has not been properly vaccinated against tetanus during her period of pregnancy.

Newborn babies may become infected, as a result of tetanus, when the cut ends of their umbilical cords, or any other injuries, they have suffered during their birth, have not been properly treated, with the result that such wound / s get infected by tetanus spores.

Tetanus may also develop in cases of ear discharge (otitis media), when the tetanus spores which may be present in the discharge of the ear, gain entry into the body through perforation / s in the ear-drum of these patients. Such cases are called 'otogenic tetanus'. This is of great importance, because such cases usually remain ignored till they get tetanus. This calls for energetic treatment of the continuing disease of the ear, as well as urgent vaccination against tetanus usually, these cases have not been vaccinated for tetanus earlier. Cases of otogenic tetanus are not uncommon. The author discussed such cases in one of the issues of Current Medical Practice. The disease is more common among children, and the parents should have the requisite awareness about this disease.

Raising Kids – How to Deal With Chickenpox?

When speaking about chickenpox, the first thing that comes to mind is those itchy rashes on the body. But what really is chickenpox? Chickenpox is an infectious illness which is caused by a kind of virus called varicella zoster. Although the virus can be caught by a grown up, children are usually the ones who are infected by such illness.

Being parents, chickenpox is one of the illnesses we may have to deal with while raising kids. How do you know if your child has been infested by chickenpox?

Slight fever and itchy rash are two common symptoms of chickenpox. At the initial stage, smooth and red spots can be easily seen on the body and face and by the third day, these red spots will become blisters which can be extremely itchy.

How is the virus spread?

Chicken pox can spread through the air via sneezing or coughing from an infected person. A person can also catch the virus if he or she accidentally comes into contact with the liquid coming from a broken blister of an infected person.

Since chickenpox is highly contagious, you have to keep your child away from an infected person to minimize the risk of being infected. A person who has caught the virus is very contagious for the first two days. He or she can also spread the virus for the last 5 days or so before the rash starts to heal and become crusted.

Can your child be prevented from catching the virus?

Fortunately you can get your child vaccinated against catching chickenpox. If your child is between 1 to 12 years old, he or she may only need one shot while a person who is 13 years old and above may have to get two doses.

When a healthy child is injected with the chickenpox vaccine, his or her body will began to build resistance against the virus which causes chickenpox. But being vaccinated doesn’t mean 100 percent immune from catching the virus. In fact, there are still less than 15% of those who have been vaccinated catching the illness when directly contacted the virus. However, the good news is that when a vaccinated person is catch chickenpox, the illness is usually very mild.

Consult your family doctor to find out more information about chickenpox vaccination. It is best advice to get your children vaccinated as chickenpox can be serious when certain complications arise. Bacterial skin infection, encephalitis and pneumonia are just some of the serious complications. So prevention is always better than cure. Get your children vaccinated to give yourself one less worry while raising kids.

TMJ Treatment Options – Ways to Relieve the Symptoms of TMJ

There are several TMJ treatment options available for the TMJ sufferers. Some measures are meant for instant relief while some claims totally eliminating TMJ syndrome.

That's well and good but to achieve long lasting effect of any TMJ treatment options you are going to undertrack, you have to identify the underlying cause of the condition and directly address this one to totally eliminate the symptoms.

However, whatever the underlying cause of the condition, may it be trauma or jaw dislocation, here are some possible TMJ treatment options that healthcare professionals may give you:

Home Remedies

There are some practical things you can do to at least reduce the severity of the symptoms of TMJ. Since anything that increases the tension in the jaw area would aggravate the condition you have to mind your diet. See to it that you stick to soft, yet well-balanced meal. Avoid chewy and hard foods altogether. This will just aggravate the pain.

Another things you can do at home is apply warm compress to the affected area. After which you can exercise your facial muscles. An example of such exercise is opening and closing your mouth by slowly moving your lower jaw while moving it from side to side.

Also, see to it that joint is in correct position. To do this, make sure your upper and lower teeth are slightly apart while your lips are closed. Keep your mouth on the top of your and breathe through your nose.

Support

Support are sometimes fitted over your upper and lower teeth to promote relaxation. However, this depends on the undering cause of your condition. Many times, a mouth guard is fitted to prevent clening and grinding of teeth especially during night time.

Invasive Procedure

Depending on the gravity of your condition and the severity of the symptoms, invasive procedure may also be considered. In this process, cortisone will be injected in the affected area to reduce inflammation and pain.

Another procedure may include insertion of two needles with one needle carrying cleaning was and the fluid will exit through the other needle.

Surgery

Surgery should only be considered as a last option. This involve the removal of your jaw joint and replacing it with implants thus, making this process irreversible.And even if this is offered to you as an option, you would do well seeking other medical opinions before proceeding.

These are currently the more conventional TMJ treatment options. There are other programs though that offers a more holistic approach.