Flu of 2009

The 2009 flu season was supposed to be a “routine.” Usually, patients take their seasonal flu shot. Those people who had flu symptoms normally go to the doctor’s office for an exam and testing. It is usually easy to spot the flu patients. Among the usual nasal congestion and sore throats, there are certain people whose appearance is really just sickly. These people usually appear to have just woken up, their hair is mussed, they are unshaven, and they are covered in sweaters or blankets but still shivering. In the doctor’s office, they are brought back and examined for signs of the flu or other problems. If their throat is red, they are usually checked for strep throat.

The flu nasal swab, which is an antibody test for types A or B Flu, then became available. Judging by the patient’s clinical appearance and a positive test for Flu A or B, the doctor might prescribe the antiviral drugs Tamiflu or Relenza to lessen the severity and length of illness. However, 20% of the American population acquired the 2009 flu thus far. Billions of dollars in lost work productivity and hospital expenses come out of the country’s pocket. At least 200,000 patients were hospitalized and there were 36,000 flu-related deaths. On top of that, something new now was added for 2009.

The great scientists at the Centers for Disease Control (CDC) in Atlanta maintain careful observation over flu outbreaks all over the world. They test and name each flu. Using this data, scientists try to predict what seasonal flu will appear in the fall. They supervise pharmaceutical companies in the manufacture of the specific vaccine. When the flu scientists reach their prediction on the button, the vaccine is effective in 70 to 90% of recipients under age 65. It is less effective in recipients over 65, recipients who live in nursing homes, and those with chronic underlying illness. The vaccine is about 30% to 70% effective.

The usual seasonal vaccine contains attenuated virus of the A (H1N1) and the A(H3N3) variety. A virus is not actually a separate live entity, so when we severely debilitate, we then say in the vaccine “attenuation.” A virus is arguably the smallest semi-life form that exists in nature. It can only be seen with an electron microscope. It is called an obligate parasite. This means it must “live” within another living cell. It can only survive and replicate by taking over that cell’s complex biochemical machinery to manufacture other viral units like itself. The influenza virus has its RNA taken up by a host cell to begin the manufacture process. Eventually the host cell dies by its viral infection.Influenza viruses were first identified and studied by scientists in the 1930’s.

Type A viruses were the worst, and the ones typically producing epidemics and global pandemics. An epidemic is a local outbreak of the flu, usually annually, by viruses that already exist in the environment. It usually peaks in three weeks, and subsides after three weeks, sometimes affecting 50% of the population of that area.

The pandemic is a different phenomenon altogether. It is caused by a mutated virus to which humans do not have an immunity. It can be spread worldwide. Scientists found that they could identify Type A viruses into subtypes by protein structures on their outer surfaces. These are called H (Hemagglutinin A) and N (Neuramidase B). There is no division of a Type B virus into a subtype because they cause milder symptoms and are more sporadic. Type C influenza viruses are not subtyped because they cause even milder symptoms and less evidence of outbreaks. The Type A viruses caused the pandemics of 1917, 1957, and 1967 when millions of lives were lost. The worst year for this was 1918.

Pandemics can be caused by a viral mutation or the re-emergence of a virus that has not been around for years. All in all, humans lack immunity to that specific virus and cannot fight them. Viruses do not stay in humans throughout the year as they are prevalent in primarily fall and winter. Where do they stay dormant and hide? Scientists discovered that certain coastal birds seem to be the reservoir for the viruses. There is fairly good evidence that the birds harbor these viruses without manifesting disease and have probably done so for millions of years. You may see a television show where scientists raise huge nets to catch migrating coastal birds to see what viruses they are carrying. Therefore, probably all “flu” is, to an extent, “avian” or “bird flu”. It is theorized that wild ducks infect domestic ducks, which in turn, either spread it to chickens or swine. Therefore, most of the flu is “swine” flu. You are not going to catch the flu from a piece of pork in your refrigerator.

The current H1N1 seems to have started with a small swine population in a desolate area of Mexico. The American pork industry has been recently affected due to the public not buying as much pork. But this is not the problem. The problem seems to be this one batch of flu that arose in Mexico to which humans did not have an immunity. With travel being what it is today, it did not take long for the virus to spread from person to person. It has recently even been announced that a group of swine were found to have the swine flu in Minnesota. It seems that both pigs and possibly chickens have the same viral receptors as humans and thus can be a vector for human transmission.

Some people are not getting “Novel H1N1” (the newer name for the 2009 Swine Flu) because they perhaps gain some immunity from previous H1N1 immunization. Most people who saw the outbreak of swine flu in Mexico thought it was too far away to affect them. However, as we know, times have changed. Swine Flu (“Novel H1N1 Flu”) is now widespread in most of the United States and elsewhere in the world. You will hear about it on almost every newscast and different government agencies hold numerous press conferences. The amount of daily information is enormous.

The best scientists of our time are saying, “Get your Flu shot when it is available.” (Actually they are saying,”Get your seasonal Flu shot now and the Swine or Novel H1N1 vaccination as soon as it is available.”) On the other side are the “nay-sayers” who say, “The 2009 Flu is not as bad as they said. Don’t give it to your children: it will give them autism. It has mercury or thimerosal in it. For my part, I’m siding with the CDC: Everybody should have the seasonal vaccination and the H1N1 vaccination.

One thing to remember is that it takes time for the immune system to respond to the vaccine for the 2009 flu. A conservative estimate is that it takes 6-8 weeks to achieve its desired effect. That is why the vaccine is better if you take it sooner than later. There are two kinds of flu vaccine; more will become available as they are released. Flu-Mist is an attenuated virus that is squirted into your nose. Because it is attenuated, it will not give you the flu and are not infectious. This is approved for use on patients aged 2 to 49.

The other is the Flu Shot, usually administered in the upper arm. The shot can cause some mild symptoms like pain at the injection site, low-grade fever, and slight sluggishness. These side effects respond to Tylenol or Motrin. Neither of the vaccines will give you the Flu, though the guy sitting in the next desk swears up and down that the Flu vaccine always gives him the Flu. Both treatments are grown in eggs, so if you have an egg allergy you must discuss this with your doctor to plan a strategy or avoid the injection.

We know that people with impaired immune systems get worse illness. In pregnancy, the immune system is not up to par. Of the 100 or so patients who have required Intensive Care Unit treatment, 28 pregnant women have died. That is why the 2009 Flu vaccination (both kinds) are so important for all pregnant females. There have been no adverse effects of Flu vaccination in any pregnant female. Others with impaired immunity have worse Flu illness: Diabetics, people with liver or kidney disease, AIDS, chronic neurological impairment, cancer, and/or chronic inflammatory diseases like arthritis and colitis. And the list goes on and on with chronic medical disease. These are the ones that push the numbers into the thousands for Flu-related deaths and prolonged hospitalizations.

And there is one other very important group: Kids. Their immune systems just have matured and acquired the antibody response that healthy adults have. In shear numbers, children get the Flu 2 to 3 more times than adults. That is why we are hearing tragic stories about otherwise healthy 7 or 10 year olds who have died with the Flu (there were 11 pediatric deaths in this country during week 38 of the current epidemic). This is the reason that as the CDC is releasing vaccine, they are targeting children for vaccination among the first to receive it.In Novel H1N1 Flu, 77 people autopsied, fully one third had Streptococcus pneumoniae, or as it is also called, pneumococcal pneumonia. True, it’s variably treatable with antibiotics.

But there is a proven vaccine available for this bacteria. It protects against 23 encapsulated pneumonia bacteria. It’s available for all ages with increased risk for immune deficiency. We know now that only one-third of those who should receive it actually get it. It can be given along with the flu vaccine. Ask your doctor about it: “Pneumovax 23”.The H1N1 2009 Flu is spread by respiratory droplets. This is why students in classrooms and military recruits in barracks are so susceptible. All it takes is one cough or sneeze, and the virus is out there ready to be picked up by the next person. It can persist on surfaces like grocery cart handles for 2 to 6 hours—-touch those hands to your eyes, nose or mouth, and you’re exposed. The incubation is 1 to 4 days after you’ve breathed in the virus-laden droplets. It’s ironic that you, in turn, are at most risk of spreading it to others the day before you first show signs of illness. No wonder it spreads!

Children can be infected for more than 10 days. Severe immune deficiency can cause a person to shed the virus for weeks or months. These people should kindly wear their masks when they are around the rest of us. The symptoms of the 2009 Flu are pretty universally recognized: Malaise (Just feeling tired and sick), chills, fever, headache, bodyache, nasal congestion, sore throat, and sweats to name the most common. There are danger signs, though: A pregnant woman with the Flu, productive cough (say, with discolored sputum), chest pain, altered level of consciousness, (maybe disoriented or hard to arouse), appearing gray or with bluish lips like someone who is not getting enough oxygen, severe vomiting or signs of dehydration. When these are present, it’s time to get to the doctor or the ER. These are signs that you have some potentially serious complication of the Flu.

Most people will not have the serious symptoms, but we all need to be alert for them. Likewise most people with the Flu get better within a week or two. If the symptoms come roaring back after an initial clearing (relapse), this is a danger signal. In these circumstances, one might have pain with each breath, cough up nasty-looking sputum, or have hard shaking chills. Don’t fool around: Get to the doctor. Once again, children can have more serious symptoms and complications: Convulsions due to high fever, middle ear infections, and pneumonia.Let’s now talk about treatment. First of all don’t give aspirin to a child with fever. It is associated with Reye’s Syndrome: A serious multi-organ failure with potentially catastrophic brain injury. You can give Tylenol (acetaminophen) every 4 hours according to body weight for chills, fever, malaise and headache. Motrin (ibuprofen) every 6 hours seems to be a safe alternative. The person should take in a lot of fluids— Water, Gatorade, light soups, and eat lightly as the stomach allows. Bedrest with lots of naps is recommended to shorten the length of illness.

The person should stay home from work or school until there has been at least one full day without Tylenol or Motrin, and no fever. But what about the pregnant woman, the patient with chronic medical conditions, the person with decreased immune function, and very symptomatic children? These are the cases in which the doctor must see and decide whether to prescribe antiviral medication. It can be used prophylactically for persons closely exposed to the Flu patient to lessen or prevent the Flu. The 2 antivirals that we use are oseltamivir (Tamiflu) and zanamivir (Relenza). Tamiflu comes as a caplet for adults or a liquid for children. Relenza comes in a metered dose inhaler. Both are used every day for 10 days. They work best when given within the first two days of symptoms. They decrease the severity of the symptoms and shorten the course of the 2009 Flu. Relenza is not a good choice for patients with asthma or chronic lung disease.

The CDC and the Biopharmaceutical companies have worked exhaustively to prepare a safe vaccine to keep people from getting the severe ramifications of the flu. That’s it, pure and simple. There is a lot of magical, wishful thinking in the population on how to “beat the flu,” but science is not on their side. There is no vitamin, raw vegetable, or special drops to prevent the flu. “Flu Parties” are a terrible idea to get flu immunity. It is time to realize that the CDC is a collection of the best minds in science and medicine, dedicated to the protection of health for the U.S. citizens and person around the world in the event of a pandemic. It is not the IRS, Homeland Security, or the CIA. It is doctors and scientists trying to keep the public well, period. It’s time to stop blowing the conspiracy horn and take your shots. In doing so, you protect yourself, your family, your co-workers, and your fellow citizens in general. So, roll up those sleeves!

I was watching a press conference the other day by Dr. Ann Schuchat, the CDC Immunization Director. She had a very well-constructed report addressing the plans for mass immunization in a tiered way so that the ones at most risk would receive their vaccinations first. She was very candid about flu deaths to the present, and the intricacies of combating the epidemic, or more correctly, the pandemic of novel H1N1 (Swine Flu, as it is often known.) What impressed me a lot was the presence of major news reporting organizations: AP, UPI. Atlanta Journal, Washington Post, ABC, and USA Today. They all asked excellent questions and received excellent answers. The conference lasted about 35 minutes, and if every person could tune in to these informative events or rely on major reporting presentations, there would be a lot less misinformation out there.

Here is the discussion of the 2009 flu in a nutshell:

1.) Get your seasonal flu vaccination, either shot or nasal spray;
2.) Get your Novel H1N1 (Swine Flu) vaccination when it is available;
3.) If you are pregnant or have chronic illness be sure to get both;
4.) Be sure kids are vaccinated;
5.) If you have severe flu or a relapse–see your doctor;
6.) If you have the warning signs of severe illness– see your doctor;
7.) Wear a mask if you are sick or severely immune deficient;
8.) It takes about a week to get over the flu. Do not return to work or school until you have been fever-free for at least 48 hours; drink plenty of fluids, take Tylenol or Motrin for fever, and bedrest as much as possible. Do not give other over-the-counter medicines to young children without consulting a doctor; do not give aspirin for fever as it may lead to Reye’s Syndrome;
9.) Learn as much as you can about the Flu from reliable sources;
10) There are no magical Flu preventatives or treatments out there–Rely on science and a physician to get through this time.

Depression Medications Explained

Depression is more than a gloomy and terrifying disorder; it can be lethal. Therefore, anyone with moderate to severe depression requires vivid treatment immediately. There are many different depression medications. These same antidepressants can also help treat panic disorder, other anxiety disorders, eating disorders, and attention deficit disorder.

Depression has been linked to a shortage of any one of four different neurotransmitters: serotonin, norepinephrine, dopamine or epinephrine. Depression medications are designed to correct neurotransmitter shortages by increasing the body's supply of one or more of these important brain chemicals.

There are three main classes of depression medications:

-Tricyclic Antidepressants (TCAs) increase brain norepinephrine levels. From the 1960s through the 1980s, TCAs were the first line treatment for major depression in the US – Today however, TCAs are generally used as the second or third line therapies. Side effects from this depression medication include dry mouth, sleepiness, idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (scarring or thickening of deep lung tissue), weight gain, blurred vision, constipation, fast or irregular heartbeat, bladder weakness, tremors, and dizziness. Brand name drugs in this class are Tofranil, Desipramine, Doxepin, and Elavil.

Monoamine Oxidase Inhibitors (MAO) is an enzyme that breaks down three important neurotransmitters. Norepinephrine, dopamine, and serotonin. MAOIs have been significantly replaced by SSRIs, although many patients with major depression who do not respond to TCAs improve with MAOIs. Depressed patients with specific symptoms like sleeping too much, over-eating for long periods of time, rejection sensitivity, and panic attacks, may get the best results with MAOIs. MAOIs are also effective treatments for panic disorder and bipolar depression. Side effects from this depression medication includes tremors, edema, dizziness, constipation, sleepiness, dry mouth, blurred vision, weight gain, sexual dysfunction, increased blood pressure, and fast or irregular heartbeat. Brand name drugs in this class are, Parnate, Nardil, and Marphan.

– Selective Serotonin Re-uptake Inhibitors (SSRIs) are the newest of the three main classes of depression medications. They prevent the reabsorption of serotonin from the synapse where neighboring brain cells communicate. SSRIs are the current depression medication of choice because of their limited side effects, although they may cause insomnia, agitation, headache, nausea, and diarrhea. Brand name drugs in this class are, Prozac, Zoloft, Paxil, Celexa, and Lexapro.

It is easy to fall into the trap of thinking that taking a pill is the easy way out. While a medication may take away symptoms of a disease – it does not cure the problem, and often creates a completely new array of side effects. It is important to discover the root of the problem and treat it in a way that can bring lasting relief. In attacking depression, lifestyle measures should be your first line of defense. Herbs or depression medications should be a last line of defense.

Surgery is an Efficient Way to Treat Glaucoma

Glaucoma is one of the foremost reasons for blindness in the world today. This does not have to be so, as it can be treated successfully if it is discovered early. There are a few ways to treat glaucoma and the most radical one is by surgery. This treatment is done after the other options have failed.

Glaucoma is a term that doctors have given to four eye diseases. What the four types of it have in common is how they destroy vision. It occurs when the optic nerve becomes destroyed due to pressure or lack of blood supply. Doctors are not sure exactly why this happens in some people and not in others.

The people at highest risk of this disease are black people, people over 40, and anyone with a history of the disease in their family. Doctors will first try to treat glaucoma with medications, but if this does not work then a surgical procedure is the last option. There are two types of operations that can be performed to treat it; traditional and laser.

Both traditional and laser surgery can make a world of difference in treating glaucoma. Doctors will only turn to an operation as a last resort after every other treatment has failed to work. Sometimes a glaucoma operation can cause cataracts, but they are very treatable. Laser trabeculoplasty is an operation used for open angle glaucoma.

This operation is safe and fast and requires almost no recuperation time. The laser is aimed at drainage channels in the eye; a tiny hole will be made to help the fluid drain out. Trabeculectomy is a traditional surgical operation. In this operation a tiny hole is made in the white part of the eye, to help in fluid drainage. Recovery time from this type of operation can be up to eight weeks.

Drain implantation involves putting a microscopic plastic tube inside the eye to improve drainage and pressure. The last type of operation is cyclophotocoagulation. In this procedure a laser is used on the surface of the eye to try to disrupt the part of the eye that produces fluid. This procedure is the most dangerous and can cause a decrease in vision, which is why doctors use it as a last resort.

Having surgery for glaucoma is not something that anyone wants to have to go through. The good news is that if a person takes care of their eye health and gets regular exams, then there is a chance that they may never have to have a glaucoma operation. Taking care of yourself is always the smartest thing to do.

Eye Doctors Have Genetic Tests For Glaucoma – What Is Available For Your Eye Exam and Diagnosis

Glaucoma is a complex disease caused by multiple factors. In plain English, that means it is not one disease and not caused by one factor only. Recent knowledge has made us acutely aware that eye pressure is not the determining factor in the diagnosis of glaucoma. When the pressure inside the eye was above 21 in the past glaucoma was thought to be present. Today we know that some individuals will never develop glaucoma even though their eye pressure readings may stay in the 30's while other patients can not tolerate normal pressures without sustaining sight loss. Glaucoma is more of a vascular disease of the optic nerve of the eye. When the auto-regulation of the blood supply starts to fail, vision begins degrating. High eye pressures do cause compression of the blood vessels supplying the nerve, but healthy blood vessels with good auto-regulation mechanisms can sustain very high pressures. Eye pressure is not static and can vary throughout the day. When we read it once when we are at the optometrists office it is only a thin slice of what your pressure range could be over a 24 hour period.

The Human Genome Project mapped the human gene structure and was an intensive undertaking completed in 2003 taking 13 years and sequencing over 3 billion codes of base pair information. This has opened the doors to tremendous future strides in treating all diseases. There is a chromosome with a gene that codes for the production of a protein that makes up part of the structure of the mesh work in the anterior chamber of the eye .. This mesh work is responsible for keeping the fluid balance in check by allowing continual drainage. When something goes awry with the drain the pressure goes up increasing your risk for developing glaucoma. One company has developed a test for defects in the gene that makes this protein. Unfortunately, this gene is only responsible for about 4% of the cases of glaucoma. It can be useful when there is a suspected family history since patients with this genetic marker tend to have rapidly developing glaucoma and should be treated more aggressively. It also tends to be more commonly associated with glaucoma under the age of 40. One other glaucoma gene has also had mutations that appear to be associated with open angle glaucoma, the form that is responsible for 95% of the cases of glaucoma. One other gene has reportedly been associated with an increased incidence of glaucoma in patients with normal pressures. An uncommon form of glaucoma know as exfoliation has also seen the development of a genetic marker test, but due to the rarity of this condition it is not widely used.

All together, probably less than 10% of glaucoma has a direct genetic cause, and due to the expense of genetic testing it is rarely utilized. The complexity of testing is compounded by the fact that numerous defects at each gene can occur, and sometimes it may take two or more genes with flaws to create glaucoma. Even the most accepted genetic factor may cause glaucoma from defects in areas other than the mesh work. It is very early in the age of genomics. Perhaps the greatest benefits will not be in diagnosing glaucoma but in tailoring treatment and actually curing some forms of glaucoma in the future.

General health issues are the most important risk factors, and some you can control. Smoking and cardiovascular diseases are high risk factors for developing glaucoma. Make sure you stay fit and have well controlled blood pressure. Keep preventative appointment and regular eye exams to monitor the eye pressure. Age is a risk factor but consider it a good one. A longer life is usually better all things considered! Most vision insurance plans like Vision Service Plan, Medicare, and many others cover preventative annual eye examinations.

Cures For Toe Nail Fungus

If you are suffering from toenail fungus, you probably already know that there are many so called cures for toe nail fungus all over the internet. The problem with many of these home type remedies is that some of them are dangerous and not something the average person should be doing. Toe nail fungus is caused by the same fungus that gives you athlete's foot.

It is very embarrassing for most people that have it and this can be especially true for women but just as embarrassing for me. Fungus attacks your nails and nail bed causing the to become yellow, crumbly, and rather disgusting.

Cures for toe nail fungus range from various natural products and oils to some rather harsh prescription drugs that have been known to do severe liver damage even when taken correctly.

If you want to get rid of your nail fungus, the first step is to take good care of your feet. This means washing them with some type of antifungal soap and applying powder on a daily basis.

You also want to make sure to change your socks daily and try to rotate your shoes. The parasite that creates nail fungus thrives in damp, dark, moist places so keeping your shoes clean and dry will help fight the problem.

If you want to avoid the dangers of oral drugs, there are several natural topical applications that you can apply. They vary but lemongrass oil, tea tree oil, and Undecylenic acid are some of the ingredients often combined to fight against toe nail fungus.

Insulin Pens – The Basics of This Easy Injection System

Instead of fumbling around with syringes and bottles of insulin, you can fumble around with an insulin pen. Just kidding. An insulin pen – sometimes called a pen syringe, injection pen or simply, pen – can be a more accurate and convenient delivery system of insulin into your bloodstream.

Pens are quite popular among diabetics. An insulin pen looks remarkably like a writing pen, only larger. It consist of a cartridge, a teensy-tiny needle and a dosage dial. The insulin cartridge may need to be replaced from time to time, while the pen needles are entirely disposable.

Types of Insulin Pens

You have a variety of options from the several manufacturers of insulin pens. Pre-filled pens are usually recommended for type 2 diabetics. They are disposable and need to be replaced once the insulin cartridge is empty. The drawback is that this type does not readily accommodate adjustments to exercise and diet.

The other main type of pen is the durable pen. It uses replaceable insulin cartridges that are discarded once the insulin is fully used. With a new cartridge in place the pen is ready for use again.

A relatively new addition is the insulin pen with a built-in memory. It keeps track of the time and date as well as the dose. Nice.

How to Use

Insulin pens are very easy to use. As well as their accuracy and obvious portability, pens may be even easier than using a bottle and syringe. Once you get this simple routine down, you'll see how easy it is.

First, find a good injection site. There are several candidates including the abdominal area, thighs, buttocks, the area of ​​the back just above your waist, your leg or upper arm. Try to stay at least an inch away from the previous spot and two inches away from your navel or any scars. Also be careful not to use areas that are swollen, bruised or tender.

Some people first clean the injection site with an alcohol pad or a cotton ball dabbed with alcohol. I do not do this. The alcohol tends to make the injection sting. I have not developed any infections from this omission, but this is up to you – with your doctor's knowledge, of course.

Now remove the cover from the pen. Make sure there's enough insulin for the dose. Also make sure the insulin is not cloudy or otherwise unusable. Insert a disposable needle into its place (see the individual instructions for your pen). Once the needle is properly set, clear out any air bubbles in the pen. Hold the pen up and press the end of the pen until a drop of insulin comes out. You may need to repeat this a couple of times until you see a drop of insulin at the tip of the needle.

Set the dose of insulin you want to inject. Pinch and hold the site where you will inject the insulin. Insert the needle all the way and continue pinching your skin while you deliver the dose. Once you're done, put the insulin pen cover back in its place.

Nice and quick and easy.

To learn more about treating diabetes and controlling your blood sugar click on the link below.

How to Treat Skin Fungus

The presence of skin fungus can be easily noticed. There are changes on the skin which include discoloration, patches, and presence of flakes. Some problems caused by skin fungus are tinea versicolor, athlete's foot, ring worm, and others.

The question now is, "How to cure skin fungus"? If you do not want to consult your dermatologist, you can still get rid of them through the following methods.

• For tinea versicolor, use salicylic acid. Pour some amount on a cotton swab and rub it on the affected areas. Do it regularly. You'll see that it will diminish over time.
• A good herbal medicine is Acapulco leaf. Crush it until you squeeze its juice. Then rub it on the affected area.
• Selsun Blue or any other anti-dandruff shampoo can also be used. Apply a small amount on the area and leave it for 10 minutes. Wash it off with water. Do this daily.
• For ringworm, take over-the-counter treatment like Tinactin, Lotrimin, and Nizoral. These products usually come in cream.
• For athlete's foot, soak your feet in a solution of 1 part vinegar and 4 parts warm water. Do this twice a day.
• Baking soda paste also helps in eliminating the problem. Apply baking soda paste on your feet and let it dry then wash it off with water.
• Applying cornstarch on your feet before putting on socks can be of great help, too. It will keep your feet dry.
• For eczema, dandelion, pau d'arco, and red clover are useful. They can be used as tea or can be taken in capsule form.

Get your skin fungus treated before it's too late.

Symptoms of Swine Flu

Have you or someone you know got Swine Flu? Would you know if they had it? Would you know what to do about it? You would have to be living on the moon to not have heard about Swine Flu, this potentially fatal flu has seen people panic, become fearful, paranoid and more. The best course of action to take of course is to get to know about it, become familiar (theoretically of course) with the flu's symptoms.

Symptoms Of Swine Flu

We know that flu (or influenza is the generic name) and that there are variants. The good news however is that broad speaking speaking all flu's exhibit similar symptoms. Well, I say good news, because it can be bad news too, or in the very least makes differentiation difficult.

Common to all flu's fever, often with a body temperature exceeding 100 Fahrenheit or 38 Celsius. Other common symptoms include fatigue, a feeling of weakness, loss of appetite and possibly coughing and most certainly a loss of motivation to do simple tasks.

Other symptoms of swine flu can be; sore throat, diarrhea, sickness and nasal excretion.

You see, I told you the symptoms are similar to "regular flu", the bottom line and most prudent action is to get you or anyone you know who has swine flu symptoms [http://thehomebusinessventure.com/swineflu.html] is to get checked out by a doctor.

At the first sign of symptoms you really must get a medical professional's opinion, write the symptoms down a piece of paper, in addition to when they first appeared. It's imperative you do so as if pneumonia sets in you could be in real trouble – Pneumonia is a complication you just do not want.

Anterior Hip Replacement – What is it All About?

As a Fellowship Trained Joint Replacement Surgeon, I am often asked about the latest developments in arthritis surgery. With the advent of minimally invasive techniques in orthopedic surgery there has been a renewed interest in performing hip replacement through the front (anterior) of the hip as opposed to the more traditional posterior, or backside approach.

The logic behind anterior hip replacement is to try to minimize muscle damage by separating muscles to gain access to the front of the hip as opposed to releasing and repairing the muscles to gain access to the hip joint form behind. In short, there is no perfect way to deliver implants to the hip joint. If there were, we would all be performing that approach only for hip replacement surgery. Having given you this background, these are the most frequently asked questions encountered in my office:

Is anterior hip replacement a new technique?

No. The anterior hip approach was first described by Smith-Petersen in 1917. It was used by the French surgeon, Robert Judet, in 1947 to perform an isolated femoral head replacement. This later evolved into other French surgeons performing complete hip joint changes through anterior exposure in the 1960's.

If this technique has been in existence since 1960, why all the interest now?

Early surgeers found that the visualization of the hip socket was excellent through the front of the hip; although it was very difficult to insert a long straight metal stem down the femur through an anterior approach. If complications occurred during surgery it was very difficult to change or extend the anterior approach to overcome difficult surgeries and provide for better visualization. Therefore, most surgeons opted to perform hip replacement through posterior, or posterior and lateral exposures. The posterior approach has become the standard of care since that time. By using specialized instrumentation, new generation hip implants, a custom operating table, and real time intraoperative x-ray equipment, anterior hip replacement has made a resurgence. These additions have allowed the anterior approach to become easier and more reliable to perform than before.

What are the drawbacks to anterior hip replacement?

Performing an anterior total hip replacement requires positioning on a special operating table with the legs attached directly to the table. By manipulating the table, the leg is positioned to insert the hip stem. Since it is difficult to judge how much force is applied to the leg, fractures in the leg bones have occurred on the operating table. The implants are placed using real time x-ray equipment; if that equipment is malpositioned the implants can be misplaced leading to potential increased wear or dislocation and a painful joint.

Is it true that hips done through an anterior approach will not dislocate?

No. All hip replacements can dislocate. Historically, the incidence of dislocation from an anterior approach is less than through a posterior approach. However with a new generation of hip replacements, the use of larger femoral head replacements has reduced the incidence of hip dislocations for all approaches.

What hip approach do you recommend?

I recommend finding a surgeon who is versed in anterior, posterior, and anterolateral hip replacement. Since every hip exposure has specific pros and cons, it is the job of the surgeon to match each individual patient's need to the specific approach. Patients and surgeons want to minimize pain and speed recovery, yet the main objective of hip replacement is to provide patients with a well done operation, with good component position, and the expectation that it will last for the next 20-30 years.

Hormonal Imbalance And Baldness

Usually when we are busy blaming our hair oil and shampoo for hair loss, little do we realize that it may also be due to the hormonal imbalance in our body. Such kind of hormonal imbalance referred to as androgenic alopecia, leads to thinning of hair in the initial stages and aggravates to cause hair loss and baldness subsequently. It is a phenomenon that is not a usual feature. It directly affects the hair follicles causing the hair to grow weak and thinner.

Androgenic alopecia is a result of a hormone called DHT (dihydrotestosterone). It is a highly active form of testosterone, which not only affects hair but has an overall tremendous impact on various aspects like manly behavior, sex drive and aggression. It is a naturally occurring hormone which is associated with sexual development in males. DHT is produced from testosterone in the prostate, various adrenal glands, and the scalp. Recent researchers have led the hair experts to conclude that this is the androgen which is responsible for male pattern baldness. DHT has a very high affinity for the androgen receptor and is estimated to be five to ten times more potent than testosterone.

During androgenic alopecia, DHT fails to recognize the hair follicles and treat them as foreign objects in the body. As a result of auto-immune response, it slowly begins to reject the follicles leading to hair loss. Follicles at the front, top, and upper back of the head in most men start withering out resulting in baldness if remain undetected for long. It is quite possible that it may go unnoticed during its initial stages when you are busy looking for a hair oil or shampoo that can control your hair loss.

As a result of unawareness, an individual does not opt ​​for any type of treatment that can inhibit DHT either through an oral or parental dose or local treatment to the scalp, thus causing the hair follicles to become thinner, shorter, and ultimately stop growing altogether. With time, the action of DHT may cause each hair follicle to deceay and they may gradually die. Some hair follicles may simply shrink to the size they were when you were an infant and produce weaker hairs. This trends to grow finer and thinner hair until they are too fine to survive.

It is important that you consult a hair expert at the earliest to identify the exact cause and find out a cure for hair loss. A qualified hair expert can analyze your hormonal secretions in the body to determine the exact cause and even recommend a baldness cure for you if desired. It's very important to identify the problem and go for the prescribed drugs to control the effect of the hormone at the earliest. This will help you in regaining your healthy hair steadily.

How to Master Cleanse to Get Rid of Fibroids Using Natural Detox Solution

Fibroids can be a debilitating and annoying discomfort that many women endure. Many women are constantly searching for methods to get rid of fibroids or at least shrink them down to size in the most feasible and least damaging means to their body and their lifestyle. There are numerous diets and programs containing a lot conflicting information, there is no doubt that huge amount of confusion permeates for seeker in the health industry. A detox diet with health programs including the master cleanse diet can be a gentle solution for elimination heavy toxins and metals found in the body that could be contributing to the problems.

Most women are aware of various options such as surgery and methods are available for removing individual fibroids and groups of fibroids that will cut off the blood supply to the offending fibroids causing them to shrink. Other available methods include drug treatments that are most often used before and after surgery to treat the fibroids. In effect, the drugs quickly reduce the size for optimal surgical success yet there is a common problem with this treatment. Fibroids have reported to grow back quickly and a temporary measure known to have potential undesirable side effects or complications.

These options are not without its merits and maybe necessary depending on the severity of any individual situation. Yet, many women are often searching for a more gently and natural methods that is less intrusive to their body while promoting greater overall health. Fortunately, the unique system of the body is remarkably receptive to natural alternative treatments. In the absence of good alternatives it is obvious to anyone the first thing to want to do is reduce the size through non-invasive means.

In efforts to prepare your body for shrinking or to try to eliminate fibroids, a master cleanse used to detoxify your body is most beneficial. Fibroids are conditioned to respond extremely well to natural remedies are an ideal treatment in combination with other solutions. Using a detox diet will flush out the excess toxins, heavy metals, and hormones from the body that can contribute to the fibroid growth. Some of the side effects of taking a master cleanse is the reduction of weight that most women enjoy. Maintaining a normal weight balance aids the elimination organs to rejuvenate and keep a natural healthy balance.

Fibroids thrive on excess estrogens and in many ways this can be limited by reducing the consumption of animal fats in a diet. Unfortunately, there are many foods and environmental substances that mimic estrogens and the body can absorb excess unable to process and stored in tissue. Cleansing the vital organs like the liver and the kidneys will help restore damaged cells and fortify healthy rejuvenated cells. Often women living in extremely stressful situations over a long period of time can contribute to fibroids growth. Meaning that there is more stress place on the body and its ability to function at its optimum. Stress as a contributing factor is often resolved by eating all the wrong foods for emotional comfort and distraction from the stress in our lives. Master cleanse solution can eliminate poorly ingested foods and allow the body to better produce the needed elements to combat stress naturally.

Detoxing with a master cleanse affords the body the ability to heal itself by the process of eliminating toxins and excess foreign substances that may be a contributing factor to fibroid growth. If nothing else, this is a cleansing system that promotes increased energy, healthier appearance and a safe alternative to harsh drugs and chemicals alone.

Health Coach Salary: How Much Does a Health and Wellness Coach Make a Year?

Health and Wellness Coach salons can vary quite a lot. The US Dept. of Labor Bureau statistics reported that in 2010 that the salary for Health and Wellness Coaches ranged from $ 23,443 – $ 61,928 a year. Of course, a lot will depend on the particular career path you choose to take after having received your training.

There are wide-ranging opportunities available, from owning your own business, to working for a corporate wellness program, to joining a physician's practice. The salary potential is quite variable. Indeed.com states that the median salary for a Health and Wellness Coach is $ 72,000 annually. However, many job listings you'll find in this field omit adding a salary figure in their career ads, so it may be difficult to tell as a job applicant what you can expect to make. The interview will be key. Also, keep in mind that the more education and experience you have, the higher your pay scale will be as an employee.

If you choose to go the route of an Independent or Personal Health and Wellness Coach, as a small business owner, many factors that affect your salary are controlled by the parameters you choose to set.

For instance, take a look at these questions you need to address in your business:

Do I want to work from home or meet my client in an outside establishment? If so, you eliminate office space costs.

Do I want to work part-time, and have just a few clients a week, or would I rather work with as much business as I can reasonably keep up with, such as 70+ hours a week?

Do I want to offer extra features and services to boost my income, such as online courses or printed materials?

Will I be spending time and money advertising my services in order to to generate business?

Those questions and more are just some of the things to consider when starting your own Health and Wellness Coaching business. They determine your overall yearly income.

Given these wide-ranging options, the monthly salary could be anywhere from $ 200 – $ 300 a month to even earning $ 1,000's + of dollars a month. Personal health coaches often have fees between $ 100 – $ 150 an hour. Some coaches do offer packages of multiple sessions at a lower per hour rate.

Another financial bonus, is that when you own your own small business, numerous expenses are tax deductible, giving you quite an advantage in terms of annual earnings.

If you choose a different career path, and prefer to become an employee as a Health and Wellness Coach, you may find that as with any occupation, the larger the role and responsibility, the higher your pay.

For example, if you work for a corporation as an Employee Health and Wellness Administrator (around $ 50,000 annually), your job will involve less responsibility than if you were a Wellness Program Manager (around $ 75,000 annually).

Checking with local job listings will yield varying results depending on how large and established the company or practice is, as well as how broad the job responsibilities are.

For other examples, Health and Wellness Coordinators at corporations typically make around $ 50,000 a year, where as Consultants make approximately $ 44,000.

The Bureau of Labor Statistics does see an uprising career trend in Health and Wellness coaching. They also foresee that about half of all employers will have some kind of Corporate Wellness program active for their employees in the future. With predictions like these, a career in Health and Wellness does look to have a very promising future. You may find that a Health and Wellness Coach earns a salary you could be very comfortable with. Job opportunities in this area are certain to grow.

Display Lighting Tips To Show Your Pictures In The Best Light

Display lighting requires more than just pointing a beam of light at an object or wall that you want to highlight. In fact, if done correctly, it is quite an art and can be used to balance the light from other fixtures and thereby decrease the amount of contrast present in the surroundings.

Display lighting can be used to highlight pictures, collectibles and also for displaying plants and flowers. It can also be cleverly applied to dark corners or hallways to dispel the gloom and doom present in these areas.

When it comes to highlighting pictures on the wall – this might seem like a simple task of just attaching a picture light, but often getting the display lighting just right for a picture can prove to be a very difficult task.

The fundamental thing to consider is not just the picture and beam of the picture light but the actual wall you are going to mount your pictures on. Preferably, the wall you are going to display pictures on should not have windows (nor should there be any windows on the wall adjacent) because the glare from the natural light outside is going to distort your appreciation of the portrait.

The major problem with displaying portraits and pictures is that the glass covering (which some have) can reflect light and interfere with your viewing of the picture. This is also true of paintings created using glossy oil paint. The best way to overcome this is to position your light source in such a way as will reduce reflective glare. If you still get reflection from the glass, an alternative is to tilt the picture very slightly towards the floor.

Display lighting, if selected and mounted correctly can do wonders to show your pictures at their best. The most common lighting to use here is low voltage spotlights, fluorescent tubing or tungsten-filament strip lighting. But again, remember that having the strip lighting too close to a watercolor painting may cause heat damage.

The other problem to be wary of when using display lighting for pictures is to avoid excess lighting as this can cause fading. Whilst dark paintings will require more light than lighter colored paintings, watercolors are quite sensitive and need careful monitoring when display lighting is used. The same goes for oil paintings, although they are sturdier than watercolors.

The best way to illuminate a picture is to use a special fitting that has tungsten strip lighting and that mounts onto the wall just above the picture or actually onto the frame itself. This is an effective way of angling the tungsten strip light to a position in which you get minimal glare.
If you want to display the whole portrait and not just the top or bottom part of it, you will need a light that is 2/3 (or greater) than the width of the picture. And of course, the further away the light source is from the picture the larger the width of the light beam.

Where you have a large group of pictures on one wall, wall-washing may be a better way of highlighting them all.
This is best achieved by using small uplighters, or a row of recessed downlights or using a hidden fluorescent strip (hidden inside a coving unit or something similar).

Spotlights are another popular alternative and their advantage is that they can be used much further away from the picture (so the risk of heat damage is minimized). Ceiling-mounted spotlights or track mounted are both effective, although the latter is more flexible.
Although spotlights are popular to illuminate pictures with, they do not show off the picture to its best angle artistically.

Sciatica and Chronic Back Pain Natural Solution – Herbal Anti-Inflammatory Cure That Treats Backache

Details about your activities, your medical background and your morphology can often throw light on the reasons of your back pain complaint. Back pain can occur as the result of pathologies such as lumbago, osteoarthritis, slipped disc or sciatica. You may ask: Why am I suffering from sciatica? Is there a natural herbal remedy capable to cure and cure my chronic backaches and sciatica?

Sciatica Significance

There is sometimes confusion about the meaning of the term 'sciatica'. A lot of people think that sciatica refers to a specific diagnostic or elucidation of the pain source. In reality, sciatica or radiculopathy (exact medical term) describes a group of symptoms such as tingling and pains in the leg, in the buttock or even on the back of the thigh. The patient can suffer from a nagging pain that prevent him or her from standing up and can have problems to move one leg very well. The low back region can ache too. A compression or irritation in one or more of the sciatic nerves is often the principal cause of sciatica.

Turmeric: Natural Anti-Inflammatory Medicine

It has long been known that an Asiatic plant of the ginger family has potent anti-inflammatory properties. Its name is Curcuma Longa or Turmeric. We usually use Turmeric rhizome yellow powder as a flavored spice in curry or mustard. But did you know that Turmeric is an herbal medicine very helpful to treat a lot of ailments? There are scientific evidences that curcumin , a compound of this plant root, works in the body as an anti-inflammatory drug comparable as cortisone or phenylbutazone.

Up until now you have been found relief from sciatica or back pain with conventional pain-killers which unfortunately come with a lot of bad side effects. If you prefer use a natural product to reduce the inflammation of the sciatica nerve try Turmeric dried rhizome! The average dose of Turmeric dried root an adult can take every day is between 2 to 3 grams. You may take it as a tea twice a day if you like! The other alternative would be to buy in pharmacy curcumin capsules. In this case, ask the pharmacist about the doses you would have to take and other helpful recommendations.

Good News

Although Turmeric is a very good ant-inflammatory natural product, it can not treat the very cause of your sciatica or whatever back pains you may have. To get rid of your health problems for good, you would need to follow a specific therapy capable to fix your spine dysfunctions.

PHN (Post-Herpetic Neuralgia) Pain Relief Remedy at Hand

If one had Chicken Pox, chances are good that he was infected with Shingles disease too. Post-herpetic neuralgia is a pain than succeeds the Singles disease – after the rashes from the same heal. The worst part is that once you have shingles, you can never cure it but can follow correct treatment procedures to avoid further outbreak of the disease.

Shingles generally does not affect people who are less than 60 years old, but is more commonly seen in the ages of 80 and upwards. But then, it is a general case and may affect the younger lot too! Therefore it is important that you do not become complacent and negligent about this disease and follow the prescribed treatment in case you have contracted PHN.

It is estimated that approximately 20% of the people who develop the herpes zoster are affected by PHN in the US alone. People younger than 60 rarely develop PHN after a bout of shingles but more than 40% of the people older than 60 years do. The PHN attacks the skin and gives rise to excruciating pain that may niggle you for days or even years (only if left untreated). The dangerous thing is that the herpes zoster may virus can cause irreparable damage to your nerves during the outbreak.

PHN Pin Relief

Natural Remedies include the consumption of foods that are rich in proteolytic enzymes. Foods such as the papaya is a rich source of proteolytic enzymes and can help heal Shingles faster. A dilute solution of apple cider vinegar if applied onto the affected area with the help of sterilized cotton helps to heal the rashes – but cure of the pain aftermath the healing is no guarantee.

This is where comes the most effective PHN non-narcotic pain relief product – Menastil which has been developed by the Centre for Pain Relief.

Remedy by Menastil

This non-narcotic drug if used along with the regular prescribed medicines can prevent the excruciating pain from affecting you. It is extremely important to heal the pain – because that denotes the spread of the virus and disabling of the nerves in your body. Menastil releases some anti-inflammatory chemicals which stop the progress of the virus and then treat the pain.

It is available as both topical and oral applications. Obviously, the topical application will heal the pain faster and effectively than the oral ones, which may take some time to heal the pain.

Flip-Side

Though the drug is the best at present, its effective long term usage without any side-effects is yet to be seen. As for now, the only side effect that it has is that it facilitates minor constipation and restricts bowel movement. Along with this, suitable lactobacillus prescriptions are recommended.