All About Swine Flu – H1N1

1. What is swine flu (Novel H1N1)?

Swine flu is a viral disease caused by a new type of influenza virus (Novel H1N1) that has never circulated before in humans. The new virus was first detected in the US in April 2009. The virus was initially called swine flu virus because it is genetically very similar to viruses that normally cause flu in swine (animals such pigs, boars, hogs).

2. What are the symptoms of swine flu?

The symptoms of swine flu are similar to the symptoms of seasonal flu and include fever, cough, sore throat, runny or stuffy nose, body aches, headache, chills and fatigue. Diarrhea and vomiting have also been reported in a number of people. Also, like seasonal flu, swine flu can be severe and even fatal in some cases.

3. If swine flu is similar to seasonal flu, why are we so worried?

Seasonal flu occurs every year but many people have some immunity against it which protects them from getting sick. In additions, vaccines against seasonal flu are available in many countries. The swine flu virus on the other hand is an entirely new agent against which most of us have little or no immunity. As a result, this virus can spread very fast and affect a much larger number of people than seasonal flu. We also do not have a vaccine against swine flu.

4. Is swine flu contagious?

Yes, the virus is contagious and is spreading from human to human. However, at this time, we do not known how easily the virus spreads between people. It appears to be as contagious as seasonal influenza and is spreading fast particularly among young people (from ages 10 to 45).

5. How does swine flu virus spread?

Swine flu spreads from person-to-person in much the same way as seasonal flu. You can get infected if you inhale droplets expelled by an infected person during coughing or sneezing. Since the expelled droplets can also contaminate hands and other surfaces, you may also become infected by touching a contaminated surface and then touching your mouth or nose. So far the swine flu virus has not been seen to spread to humans from pigs or other animals.

6. Can I get swine flu from eating or preparing pork?

No, swine flu virus does not spread through food. It is safe to eat properly handled and cooked pork. The flu virus is killed by cooking temperatures of 160°F/70°C, which is commonly used for cooking meat.

7. How severe is the illness caused by swine flu?

The severity of illness ranges from very mild symptoms to severe illnesses that can result in death. A large proportion of people who get infected with the virus experience mild disease and recover without hospitalization or antiviral treatment. Care at home – resting, drinking plenty of fluids and using a pain reliever is sufficient in most cases. (Note: A non-aspirin pain reliever is recommended in children and young adults because of the risk of Reye’s syndrome.)

8. Who is at risk of severe swine flu illness?

Pregnant women, people with previously recognized medical conditions that increase the risk of flu-related complications, e.g. asthma, diabetes, heart disease and those with weak immune systems are more likely to experience severe illness caused by flu infection. A remarkable difference compared to seasonal flu is that swine flu has so far caused few cases and no deaths in people older than 64 years of age.

9. How can I protect myself against swine flu?

As of now a vaccine against swine flu is not available. However, you can protect yourself from getting infected by avoiding close contact (minimum distance of about 1 meter if possible) with people who have flu-like symptoms. In addition, the following measures can protect you:

Avoid crowded places/ reduce the time spent in crowded places

Improve ventilation in your living space by opening windows

Avoid touching your mouth and nose

Clean hands thoroughly with soap and water, or use an alcohol-based hand rub several times in a day (especially if you touch potentially contaminated surfaces)

Maintain general good heath, get adequate sleep, eat nutritious food, and stay physically active

10. How can I figure out if my flu could be swine flu?

It is not possible to differentiate seasonal flu from flu without a medical and lab examination. If you are living in a flu affected area and have symptoms similar to seasonal flu such as fever, cough, headache, body aches, sore throat and runny nose you should take all measures recommended for a flu affected person. Only your doctor or medical center can make a confirmed diagnosis of swine flu.

11. What should I do to prevent transmitting flu to those around me?

If you have symptoms suggestive of flu:

Stay at home -this means not going to office, school, markets, or any social gatherings

Inform family and friends about your illness and try to avoid contact with other people

Take rest and drink plenty of fluids

Cover your nose and mouth when coughing and sneezing

If you are using tissues, make sure you dispose of them carefully. Clean your hands immediately after with soap and water or cleanse them with an alcohol-based hand rub.

If you do not have a tissue close by when you cough or sneeze, cover your mouth as much as possible with the crook of your elbow.

Use a mask when you are around others

If possible, contact a medical professional before traveling to a health facility to discuss whether a medical examination is necessary

12. Should I take an antiviral to prevent or treat swine flu?

No, you should not take antiviral medications unless prescribed by your healthcare provider. Also avoid buying antiviral medicines on the internet.

13. Should I stop breastfeeding if I think I might have swine flu?

No, you should continue breastfeeding unless your doctor advises you to stop. Continuing breastfeeding is likely to protect your baby from getting infected by passing on maternal antibodies and boosting the immune system.

14. Is it OK to go to work/ school if I have flu?

No, it is recommended that you stay at home if you have symptoms of flu. This is important to protect your friends and colleagues from becoming ill.

15. Can I travel if I have flu?

If you have symptoms of flu, you should not travel. If you are unwell but cannot avoid travelling or contact with others, cover your mouth and nose. It is advisable to use a mask in such a situation. If you are returning from a flu affected country and develop flu symptoms, you should immediately contact your healthcare provider.

16. Should I avoid traveling to flu affected countries?

Some health ministries have advised the public to avoid unnecessary travel to flu affected countries. However, the WHO is not recommending travel restrictions as international travel for work or leisure will greatly disrupt people’s plans and schedules with little impact on the spread of the virus.

17. WHO has declared a swine flu pandemic. What does that mean?

A pandemic is an infectious disease that is spreading in a large region or even worldwide. If a disease is declared a pandemic, it indicates that it is spreading very fast across the world. At the time when the WHO declared a swine flu pandemic, the flu virus had already been reported from 70 countries and cases were occurring in multiple parts of the world.

18. What is the treatment of swine flu?

This flu is responding to two antiviral drugs called oseltamivir or zanamivir. These are prescription medicines that stop the flu virus from reproducing in your body. Antiviral drugs can make your illness milder and make you feel better faster. They may also prevent serious flu complications.

19. How long does influenza virus remain alive on surfaces such as tables and doorknobs?

Studies have shown that influenza virus can survive on environmental surfaces and can infect a person for up to 2-8 hours after being deposited on the surface.

20. What is the incubation period of swine influenza?

Incubation period is the time interval between the entry of infection in your body to onset of symptoms. The incubation period of flu is unknown but it could range from 1 to 7 days, and more likely 1 to 4 days.

Health Benefits of Propolis

Propolis is a natural antibiotic that is fast gaining in popularity in the application of home remedies! It’s one of those bee products that really cause me to wow at the wonder of nature and marvel at the ability of the highly organised insect – honey bee. Now, let me tell you what exactly propolis is.

Some trees and conifers produce sticky resins as part of their immune system to defend themselves against disease. Honey bees collect these substances that ooze from the buds of these plants. After chewing them and mixing them with their saliva and other substances, propolis is formed. This nutrient-rich substance is of vital importance for the survival of the honey bees in the beehive. It is created to sterilize the hive and protect it against diseases and infection. Not only does it help to inhibit the spread of bacteria, virus, and fungi that would otherwise pose a significant threat in the closely-knit quarters, it also and help fight against climatic changes, such as wind and cold. It is also used as a “putty” to seal cracks and openings in the hive and to strengthen and repair honeycombs, and for this reason is also known as ‘bee glue’. Another fact that amazes me is that honey bees also use this sticky substance to embalm or “mummify” the carcasses of larger insects that invade the hive. Such intruders are immediately stung to death but because the defending bees can’t transport such heavy corpse away from the hive, they embalm them rather than allowing them to decay. The ancient Eygptians observed this and used propolis as one of the embalming agents for their exquisite mummies!

Propolis contains approximately 50-70% resins, 30% wax, 10% etheric oils and 5% pollen. It is especially rich in amino acids, important for immune system function. It has a high vitamin content (Vitamin A (carotene), Vitamin B1, B2, B3, biotin) and is extremely rich in bioflavonoids (Vitamin P) which are believed to have numerous immune building properties and health benefits. Bioflavonoids are the natural pigments in fruits and vegetables and are found in abundance in oranges. This bee glue contains almost 500 times more bioflavonoids than is found in oranges! It also contains an array of albumin, calcium, magnesium, potassium and phosphorus. Like Royal Jelly and Bee Pollen, it contains a number of unidentified compounds which work together synergistically to create a balanced, nutritive substance.

Propolis can be purchased completely raw and unprocessed, but it in its natural state is a sticky substance and is very difficult to handle. Some beekeepers will package the raw propolis and freeze it in small portions. It can then be added to a coffee grinder in its frozen state and ground for easy consumption. Most producers utilize a process where the active ingredients are ‘leached’ into water or alcohol, then either packaged in liquid form or dried and capsulated.

Because of its antibacterial, antifungal, antiviral, anti-inflammatory and antioxidant effects, this precious substance has been used as a healing agent for many centuries. It has the ability to provide protection against infectious invaders, promote healing and regeneration of tissue, and provides a superior source of energy and stamina. It has been used as ointments for healing cuts and wounds and shown to have outstanding value for a wide variety of illnesses. It is also used as a natural alternative to penicillin and other antibiotics. It is said to be particularly safe and effective and inhibits the resistance-building effect that is a negative factor with prescription antibiotics. In the former Eastern Bloc countries, antibiotics have never been widely available, but beekeeping is widely practised. To help prevent many diseases, hospitals and clinics recommended washing, gargling or irrigating the sinuses with propolis rinses, as well as taking propolis internally. This bee product is certainly a good weapon against bacteria when used topically. It can clearly prevent infections, and can also help heal infections that have already begun.

Do you know that now even toothpastes contain natural ingredients related to honey bees. Propolis has become a healthy alternative to synthetic brands of toothpastes as it is especially useful in mouth and gum disorders. Our mouth is one of the most sensitive spots of our body. This is the place where the synesthesia of senses starts and the food we visualize develops its full smell and taste. The mouth is the starting point of the food digestion. A healthy mouth cavity is certainly one of the elements contributing to the appetite and good mood in general. If the mouth develops sore spots, thrush or gum disease, it causes the whole system to disrupt, resulting in pain and tormenting feeling. Published clinical research demonstrates that propolis fights bacteria, prevents tooth decay, enhances oral hygiene, heals bleeding gums, and prevents gums receding. Manufacturers of propolis toothpastes and mouth sprays claim that their products leave teeth clean, gums feeling healthy, taste great without artificial ingredients, and produce no negative side effects. The salesperson at a honey shop which I often frequent explained that propolis toothpaste are very suitable for young children’s use as even if it’s accidentally swallowed, it’s extremely safe. Such products are easily applied, and have increasingly become part of the everyday dental hygiene of people who are especially interested in natural remedies. My latest discovery while shopping for honey products : propolis extract now even comes in the form of sprays and candies. The spray claims that it is effective against flu, cuts, burns, gum and mouth infections, throat discomforsts and intestinal discomfort, while the candy is sold as a good therapeutic substitute to the traditional throat lozenges and an aid to curing flu, colds, throat discomfort, cough and bad breath.

Note of Caution: Propolis is generally non-toxic, though allergic reactions such as skin rashes, swelling, redness, eczema or fever have been reported. As the effects of propolis during pregnancy and breast-feeding have not been sufficiently evaluated, women should not use it during these times unless directed to do so by a physician.

Source: www.benefits-of-honey.com/propolis.html

Therapeutic Benefit of Manuka Honey in Wound Care

In comparing the use of Manuka Honey dressings with topical antiseptics on wound infections, it has been found that Manuka Honey dressings significantly reduce the amount of fluid exuding from the wound. This, in part, is a result of the anti-inflammatory properties present in Manuka Honey. In addition, the anti-inflammatory properties in Manuka Honey also help to reduce pain and minimize scaring.

It has also been established that Manuka Honey dressings create a moist wound environment which facilitates the healing process. Manuka Honey draws lymph out of the deeper tissues of the wound by osmosis and continuously cleans the wound bed. Lymph fluid contains enzymes that degrade protein molecules. The constant reduction of wound fluids remove foreign body contamination, such as dirt or grit.

The most likely explanation for Manuka Honey's degradation activity involves the conversion of blood to plasmin, which is an enzyme that breaks down the protein in blood coagulation. This conversion minimizes dead tissue and scab formation on the wound. The osmotic action of Manuka honey draws moisture into the skin.

It has also been found that Manuka Honey has the ability to reduce malodor in wounds. Malodorous substances such as ammonia and sulphur compounds are produced when bacteria feeds on the protein in a wound. Because Manuka Honey provides bacteria an alternative source of energy (sugar), these noxious compounds are no longer produced and wounded malodor is eliminated.

In clinical observations, Manuka Honey has also been proven to have the ability to manage wound infection in circumstances where antibiotics and other conventional treatments have failed. More specifically, Manuka Honey has been found to be effective against antibiotic-resistant strains of bacterium such as Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA), vancomycin-resistant Enterococci (VRE) and other multi-resistant microorganisms. These mutated types of bacteria protect themselves from antimicrobial elements by forming a biofilm. Manuka Honey breaks down these clumpy biofilms as well as preventing the formation of biofilms. These findings are particularly encouraging, considering the growing number of cases involving Staph infections that do not respond to antibiotics. So far there has been no evidence of any bacterial resistance to Manuka Honey. It is highly unlikely that bacteria will ever be able to develop a resistance to Manuka Honey because bacteria rely on sugar as a source of food.

Manuka Honey's antibacterial properties are a result of the following:

1. The high sugar content and low water activity provides an osmotic action;

2. Acidic pH inhibits bacterial growth;

Glucose oxidase enzyme produces hydrogen peroxide;

4. Plant-derived factors such as UMF and Methylglyoxal.

Manuka Honey's antibacterial properties have the ability to penetrate below the surface of the skin, making it possible to clear deep-contained infections and boils with unbroken skin. In other words, Manuka Honey diffuses through the skin, getting to deeper tissues.

"The use of Manuka Honey dressings help prevent cross contamination," says Frank Buonanotte, CEO of Honeymark International which is a manufacturer of advanced wound and skin care products containing Active Manuka Honey as a healing agent. "The sticky nature of Manuka Honey provides a protective barrier that precedes cross contamination."

Pituitary tumor Treatment Through Surgery

Disorders of the anterior pituitary gland and the posterior pituitary gland are usually associated with excess or deficient hormone synthesis and secretion. Tumors of the anterior pituitary gland are mutually common contracting a small percentage of all brain tumors. In autopsies done, when the cause of death is not limited to any group of diagnoses, almost one third of those examined have small pituitary tumors.

Predisposing factors are uncommon. Persons with untreated hypofunction of end organs such as the gonads, adrenals or thyroid may be at risk. They may develop hyperplasia initially and then autonomously functioning tissue that secretes the stimulating hormone for the hypofunctional gland. Long term malnutrition, particularly if it is severe, can cause excess growth hormone secretion. These events are logical exit of the negative feedback system, in which the pituitary gland attempts in vain to restore homeostasis by ever-increasing hormone production.

Malignant tumor symptoms include neurological findings like headache caused by pressure on the dura. These nonspecific headings are inconsistent in regard to location and degree of relief from analgesics. The pain is usually dull, unaffected by position, and not accompanied by nausea and visual changes. Sudden relief may accompan Rupture of the dura. With significant escalation, pressure may be applied to the optic chiasm causing bitemporal hemianopsia or loss of vision from the outer or lateral half of each eye. Papilledema may also be a finding. If the tumor becomes large enough to cause pressure on the hypothalamus, unstable body temperature, excessive appetite and psychiatric disorders may develop.

Most patients with pituitary tumors will undergo tumor treatment like surgery, radiation therapy or both. A transsphenoidal hypophysectomy is the removal of a portion or the entire anterior pituitary gland using a route through the sphenoid sinus. It is preferred approach for most anterior pituitary tumors because it eliminates manipulation of the brain substance that occurs with previously used frontal craniotomy approach and there is no visible scar.

The incision is made at the base of the upper lip where it joins the gum. After the floor of the sella tursica is exposed, the dura mater over the pituitary gland is opened and the tumor is removed. A small piece of fascia and muscle obtained from the thigh of the patient is used to secure a tight seal at the floor of the sella tursica and prevent cerebrospinal fluid.

The sphenoid sinus is not packed. The nostrils are packed with vaseline gauze to facilitate proper reapproximation of the nasal mucosa. Nasopharyngeal airways may be placed prior to packing to allow the patient to breathe through the nose during the immediate postoperative period. The nasal packing is usually removed 2 days after surgery.

Alterations in pituitary function after pituitary surgery will vary according to the preoperative hormone dysfunctions of the patient, amount of pituitary tissue damaged or removed, and extent of postoperative edema in the region of the hypothalamus and the pituitary. Cortisol may need to be replaced at levels associated with major stressors during surgery. Surgery is an effective pituitary tumor treatment. It is one of the methods that patients and the medical team decide to do.

Boo Hoo, The Flu – Top Three Homeopathic Remedies For the Flu

Are you worried about the flu? You need not be. Get yourself set with the remedies best suited to this year's flu season with the top three homeopathic remedies. If you're already attuned to the way homeopathy works, you know that each person reacts to a flu in a different way and that often this requires different remedies for each person. However, I'll let you in a secret that experienced homeopaths know. That is, once the flu season begins, there are often only one or two that seem to present for many people. Have them on hand and you and your family will be covered.

The most common remedy for people on the go is Nux vomica 30. It covers the first set of symptoms of chills especially down the back, exhaustion, and that beat up feeling from achy joints. Take it immediately every 3-4 hours and be sure to get sleep and plenty of water, bone stock, freshly made orange juice or raw milk. Staying hydrated is key. Sometimes this person experiences gastro intestinal discomforts and it is likely that if the above cluster of symptoms presents, Nux vomica will resolve the illness within a day or two. Stay away from over the counter meds, as they prolong the illness in the long run.

If the weather is warm and then turns cold, such as in the fall or spring or the person is warm and then steps out into the cold air, the shock of the cold can soon bring a cold or flu. In this case, the best remedy is Dulcamara 30 taken the same as for Nux vomica. And interestingly, if these remedies work well, it is likely the same remedy will be correct for other family members and people in daily close contact.

When the flu comes on with extreme exhaustion as the main symptom, consider Gelsemium. This is the remedy used by the infamous homeopathic doctors of the 1918 flu epidemic. Records indicated that those under the care of homeopaths had survival rates that greatly exceeded those under the care of doctors who had nothing in their bags.

With this method, it is best to take the remedy as soon as possible after the first symptoms appear. The longer you wait, the longer it can take to recover, since the illness has progressed. Get ready, have your remedies and good chicken stock at hand and prepare for a short duration of illness when you use the most intelligent medicine on the earth – Homeopathy .

Sudden Deafness – Ayurvedic Herbal Treatment

Sudden deafness, also known as Sudden Sensorineural Hearing Loss (SSHL), is a rapid loss of hearing which may occur all at once or over a period of up to three days. SSHL is defined as a loss of at least 30 decibels in three connected frequencies, and usually occurs in only one ear. It may be accompanied by dizziness and ringing in the ears. Only about 10% of affected individuals have known causes which include infections, trauma, immune disorders, circulatory or neurological disorders or drugs toxic to the ears. While most people recover spontaneously within a few weeks, about 15% experience progressively worsening symptoms. Standard management includes removal of the known cause, antibiotics, steroids and inhalation of a mixture of carbon-dioxide and oxygen.

The Ayurvedic treatment of SSHL constituents of treating the known cause of the condition and giving symptomatic treatment for the hearing loss. Infections related to the ears and upper respiratory tract can be treated using medicines like Sukshma-Triphala, Sitopaladi-Powder, Tribhuvan-Kirti-Ras, Kamdudha-Ras, Sutshekhar-Ras, Shwas-Kas-Mishran-Ras, Ras-Sindur, Yashtimadhuk (Glycyrrhiza glabra), Kantakari (Solanum xanthocarpum) and Pippali (Piper longum). Immune disorders can be treated using medicines like Tulsi (Ocimum sanctum), Ashwagandha (Withania somnifera), Pippali, Manjishtha (Rubia cordifolia), Guduchi (Tinospora cordifolia), Yashtimadhuk, Bhumiamalaki (Phyllanthus niruri), Suvarna-Malini-Vasant, Laghu- Malini-Vasant and Madhu-Malini-Vasant.

The treatment of circulatory disorders is important while managing SSHL since it is believed that a reduction in blood circulation to the internal organs in the ears could contribute primarily to the sudden loss of hearing. Medicines are used to remove blood clots, reduce blood toxins and obstruction, and inflammation of the arterial walls. These medicines include Tapyadi-Loh, Ekangveer-Ras, Maha-Yograj-Guggulu, Saarivadi-Vati, Punarnava-Mandur, Manjishthadi-Qadha, Saarivasav, Arogya-Vardhini, Lashunadi-Vati, Suvarna Bhasma, Panchamrut-Parpati, Amalaki (Emblica officinalis ), Haridra (Curcuma longa), Nimba (Azadirachta indica), Saariva (Hemidesmus indicus), Guggulu (Commiphora mukul), Patol (Trichosanthe dioica), Patha (Cissampelos pareira), Musta (Cyperus rotundus), Kutki (Picrorrhiza kurroa) Daruharidra (Berberis aristata). Neurological causes can be treated using medicines like Bruhat-Vat-Chintamani, Maha-Vat-Vidhvans-Ras, Vat-Gajankush-Ras, Vish-Tinduk-Vati and Agni-Tundi-Vati.

In addition, symptomatic treatment for SSHL includes the use of medicines like Kaishor-Guggulu, Panch-Tikta-Ghrut-Guggulu, Punarnavadi-Guggulu, Maha-Rasnadi-Guggulu, Saarivadi-Vati, Punarnava-Mandur, Abhrak-Bhasma, Suvarna-Bhasma , Raupya -Bhasma, Mukta-Bhasma and Pathyadi-Qadha. These medicines improve the perfusion of the inner ear and also increase the functioning of the auditory nerve.

A judicious use of Ayurvedic medicines can thus be used to treat refractory patients of SSHL who do not improve spontaneously or with conventional treatment.

All About Sleep Apnea & How it Affects You

Sleep apnea can be a dangerous and scary problem. The scariest thing about it is that you are not conscious for most of it. Anybody should know about the causes, symptoms, and treatments for sleep apnea.

Sleep apnea is episodes of not breathing while you are sleeping. These episodes usually last up to 10 seconds and can happen over and over every hour of the night.

Causes

Sleep apnea can be caused for different reason in different people and ages. If you have blocked airways, it can cause this problem. If you have constant problems with drainage from mucus in the throat or nose, this could be the culprit as well while you are sleeping.

Tonsils and adenoids can be the problem in adults and in children as well.

Being overweight can also increase the risk of developing sleep apnea.

Symptoms

  • feeling overly tired during the day
  • headaches; usually immediately after waking up
  • snoring; tossing and turning (if you sleep with someone, they may notice these things)
  • stop breathing during sleep (they may notice this too)

Treatments

There are a couple treatments available, but it can be hard to figure out exactly what it right for you. You may be advised to wear strips to open airways at night, get tonsils or adenoids removed, or lose weight. It is a subject that should absolutely be brought up to your doctor because of the intensity that it can reach.

If you are worried that you may have this condition, you may want to ask your sleeping partner about your habits while you are sleeping and pay close attention to what you feel like in the morning as you wake up and through the day.

Life and Death Symptoms of Cortisol Hormone Imbalance

When cortisol, a hormone produced in the adrenal glands is not produced properly, there could be different effects on the individual. Hypercortisolism or hypocortisolism can progress and become life-threatening so immediate detection and treatment is important. Find out more about the symptoms of cortisol hormone imbalance to know the right methods of approach.

Hypocortisolism

Hypocortisolism is a disorder wherein the adrenal glands which are located above the kidneys cannot produce enough cortisol and aldosterone. The adrenal glands may fail slowly due to poor circulation or immediately such as in the case of trauma or hemorrhage. The rate of symptom manifestation will depend on the pace of adrenal gland failure.

The condition is also known as Addison’s disease, chronic adrenocortical insufficiency, primary adrenal insufficiency or adrenocortical hypofunction. The cortex of the adrenal glands produces 3 kinds of hormones. Cortisol is included in the glucocorticoid hormone type which helps maintain proper glucose levels, suppress the immune response and help the body respond to stress.

Three main symptoms of cortisol hormone imbalance include loss of appetite, fatigue and muscle weakness that slowly get worse over time and profound weight loss. Other symptoms are darkening of the skin or hyperpigmentation of skin folds, lips, nose, lining in the mouth, creases of the palms, nipples and areola and joints like elbows, knees and knuckles, development of scars, lightheadedness, orthostatic hypotension or fainting when suddenly getting up from a lying or sitting position, craving for salty foods, trembling or shakiness due to low blood sugar, nausea, diarrhea, vomiting, stomach pain, difficulty concentrating, depression and irritability.

Hypercortisolism

Hypercortisolism a disease that occurs when the body produces excessive cortisol. Most commonly, the problems results from taking anti-inflammatory steroid medications for disorders like rheumatoid arthritis and asthma. Cushing’s disease is the second most common cause wherein the pituitary gland produces excessive ACTH hormone which is responsible for the adrenal glands to produce cortisol. Other causes of symptoms of cortisol hormone imbalance include adrenal gland or pituitary gland tumor or the presence of other tumors in the body.

The problem is also known as Cushing’s syndrome causing symptoms such as central obesity, acne and skin infection, backache, headache, buffalo hump or fat accumulation between the shoulders, abnormal facial hair growth, impotence in males, ceasing of the menstrual cycle in women, mental changes, weakness, unintentional weight gain, moon face described as being red, round and full, purple marks on the abdomen, breasts and thighs and thin skin that is easily bruised. More symptoms of the disease include fatigue, high blood pressure, red spots on the skin, skin flushing, muscle atrophy and bone pain or tenderness.

When It Becomes Life-Threatening

Symptoms that develop slowly may not be noticed immediately until Addisonian crisis or adrenal crisis occurs. This condition occurs from a stressful event like trauma, surgery, dehydration or severe infection wherein the body cannot produce enough cortisol to combat stress. Addisonian crisis is considered to be a life-threatening situation requiring fast treatment.

A person can die from shock due to extremely low blood pressure. Symptoms of the complication include severe vomiting and diarrhea leading to dehydration, confusion, restlessness, fearfulness, severe weakness, light-headedness, feeling of fainting, sudden pain in the stomach, legs and lower back, high fever, total loss of consciousness and pale face and lips. Hormone levels need to return to normal via surgery, hormone replace therapy and other dire measures.

How Long Is The Chicken Pox Contagious Period For?

If you have the varicella virus (or maybe your youngster does), there's a chance you're wondering when the disease contagious and just how long does this chicken pox contagious period last for? Great question!

This disease is easily the most contagious as soon as the 1st symptoms of a fever and aches occur. This is much sooner then your actual rash and bumps break out.

When first infected, you'll immediately set out to feel sick. This means a fever, aches, loss of appetite, fatigue, and some more symptoms that are not noticeable. This is where the chicken pox contagious period begins. It is recommended to step back from people, since you can easily spread this disease through germs.

In just days or sometimes weeks, a rash and blisters will quickly occur. The chicken pox contagious period is highest two days before the rash breaks out. As soon as the rash happens, you slowly become much less contagious to others. However, will still be recommended to avoid people as there is still to be able to pass it on.

It usually takes about 10-21 days for all the blisters to scab over and heal. When all the blisters and scabs are completely gone, the chicken pox contagious period is finished and you are back to normal health.

Some parents have a "Pox Party" for children, and that is purposely bringing your child near another infected child during the contagious period to spread the disease. This really is OK to do, as varicela virus is less severe in childhood. But, understand that many adults are already known to find the disease a few times and they have to take precaution.

So overall, the chicken pox contagious period lasts from 2-3 weeks on average, and much longer in situations where there may be a complication. The best thing to do is to keep the child from school for that period of time and be sure your youngster is getting good care.

If your little one has the vaccine, this does not cause you to be 100% resistant to the illness. Be aware that the vaccine is just about 80-90% effective, which means your child can still contain the disease and neverheless be contagious.

Is the BMI Chart an Exact Indicator of Obesity?

You know a BMI chart, with height in feet and ins along the Y axis and weight in lbs along the X axis. How can this weight chart be passed off as real science?

BMI chart is actual science because it conveys really information – a human combination of height and weight suggests an increased risk of dangerous health problem. While Body Mass Index is severely infallible on a individual basis, there's a reason it's been adopted by the WHO (World Health Organization), the Centers for Disease Control and others. Mostly, it works!

Numerous assume that the notification of weight chart was hatched quite recently, some other product of weight-loss modern culture. It's not so. It comes back to the mid-1800s and the writings of the Belgian mathematician statistician and astronomer Quetelet. He compiled extended statistics on the proportions of the anatomy in an endeavor to define the physical features of the average human. He discovered that if he divided people's weight in kilograms by the square of their height in ms, he could use the results to compare several persons body types independently of their size – a useful conjuring trick in his job.

In the 1960's, when those analyzing the relationship 'tween body weight and cardiovascular health began to honestly think about how to measure what kind of shape people were in. Succeeding analysis showed that the Quetelet index, rechristened the Body Mass Index in 1972, as a matter of fact correlated well with other more linear measurements of body fat. Experts have concluded that BMI chart is both a reliable and convenient indicator of obesity.

A great part of weight chart (BMI chart) value resides in its ease of use. Plugging 2 really readily obtained pieces of data into a simple formula gets you a figure that with sensible truth sorts people into 4 classes. Underweight (Body Mass Index below 18.5), normal (18.5 to 24.9), overweight (25 to 29.9), and obese (30 and up). And many analyzes find a clear direct correlation 'tween BMI and incidence of diverse unhealthinesses as arterial sclerosis, hypertension, diabetes, apoplexy and various types of cancer. Mostly the danger factor jumps as BMI chart gets into the obese grade; mortality rates from all causes are 50 to 100 pct greater for those with a Body Mass Index of 30 or higher compared to people with weight chart as normal.

This is not to say that BMI chart is without limits. It's good for estimating the condition of groups of people, only used to assess anyone human it can sometimes make an ify result. Because it does not differiate 'tween fat weight and muscle weight, and because muscle is heavier than fat, people who are muscular tend to score as fatter than they really are. BMI chart also hushes up the effect of fat distribution – superfluous weight carried around the waist is less healthful than extra ins on the hips. The link 'tween Body Mass Index and health Is not all of the time straightforward. For the aged a BMI can be a risky sign. Also found that people with weight chart in the overweight grade may face no greater mortality danger than people in the normal range.

Are there formulas that gauge body fat several precisely? Certainly, but they tend to involve calipers, multistage body measurements, water submergence, etc. So, the BMI chart (weight chart) is seeing your situation as direr than is warranted, only do not ignore the bottom line. The BMI chart, the nurse practiceer, and you yourself all agree, you could stand to lose some weight. At least a 3rd of adult Americans can currently say as is.

SPG Nerve Block – A New Treatment That Gives Instant Relief for Migraines and Headaches

It is very common in people to experience headaches and migraines. The persistent nature of such kind of pain can cause exhaustion and disability. If you experience these for a long time, you may have to undergo steady, long-term treatment. But worry not; there is also a treatment that provides effective relief in an instant.

There is a new revolutionary treatment that offers instant relief for migraines and headaches without using pills or injections. The Sphenopalatine ganglion (SPG) nerve block uses a unique nasal applicator to safely and painlessly eliminate the pain. Other than headaches and migraines, SPG nerve block has been providing successful relief to a variety of conditions such as trigeminal neuralgia and fibromyalgia.

SPG nerve block is a procedure that involves application of a topical anesthetic to the sphenopalatine ganglion (SPG) in the back of the sinus area. The nasal applicator has a plastic delivery tube that is soft and flexible so that it can comfortably extend to the back of the nasal cavity and place the anesthetic liquid right where it should be applied. It has a small flexible tip designed to help reduce irritation to the nasal lining. In the nasal cavity, the anesthetic liquid is sprayed directly onto the group of SPG nerves.

Also known as nasal ganglion, the SPG nerve is an internal part of the head located behind the nose and sinus area and near the throat. It is where neurons in the head are largely collected. SPG is also covered by a thin layer of connective tissues and mucous membrane.

The nasal ganglion plays a role in causing pain associated with acute and cluster headaches, migraines, trigeminal neuralgia, facial pain and more due to such a wide reach that the nerves from SPG expand to.

SPG nerve block is being performed by placing the plastic tube of the nasal applicator through one or both the nostrils to apply the anesthetic. The anesthetic then works on the ganglion area to relieve multiple head and facial pain conditions. This procedure is done as an outpatient.

The SPG nerve block helps in eliminating pain from a variety of head and face conditions such as acute and cluster headaches, migraines, shingles, head and neck cancer pain, reflex sympathetic dystrophy (RSD), complex regional pain syndrome (CRPS), temporomandibular joint (TMJ) pain, Sluder’s neuralgia, vasomotor rhinitis, and atypical facial pain.

Studies show that SPG nerve block is an excellent treatment for acute and chronic facial and head pain. In a 2009 study, SPG radiofrequency treatment had very high satisfactory results for patients with cluster headaches. Other studies showed that the treatment worked excellently for head and neck cancer pain and for chronic vasomotor rhinitis. It provided overwhelming relief and reduced the need for narcotic medication.

Obtaining relief for migraines and headaches is easy and need not to be painful. For someone who wants to easily get rid of chronic headache or severe migraine, SPG nerve block may just be the answer. This quick treatment needs no toxic medications. With SPG nerve block it only takes few moments to resume your normal lifestyle and live pain-free for the rest of your life.

Severe Vaginal Atrophy – Are You Treating it the Way You Should?

One of the most common unspecified conditions to plague women today is severe vaginal atrophy. This disorder affects almost every woman upon entering menopause. It also could occur at any other point in your life when the estrogen levels drop. However, it is an extremely treatable disease.

When the vagina starts to atrophy, it first loses moisture. The lining becomes thin and fragile. It also may shake something. Generally, it takes 5 to 10 years for the condition to become severe. Most women do not notice that they have it until sex becomes impossible.

Some of the early symptoms include vaginal dryness and pain during intercourse. As time goes on, it becomes more painful. You may even bleed slightly following intercourse.

However, this condition can be reversed. It's caused by a drop in estrogen levels, which is normal during menopause. Most doctors will treat it using a low dose of estrogen therapy. Many women have also found relief using natural hormonal replacement therapy is helpful but despite not without side effects.

These natural remedies are herbs approved by the FDA. They contain phytoestrogen. This plant based form of estrogen is extremely similar to what your body would produce. Some would say it's superior to the type created in the laboratory.

Before you start any treatment period, it's best to talk to your doctor. Herbs will work the same as medication, so they do have the chance of interacting with prescriptions you currently take. However, there is no need to live with severe vaginal atrophy.

Tamiflu – You've Got 48 Hours To Stop The Flu

When I say, "You've got forty eight hours" do not get me all wrong. These forty eight hours refer to the time that you should act when you show up with the symptoms of bird flu. Now that you would like to know what bird flu is; I'll have to go back a bit on the details. Bird flu is a disease given to birds, cats, other species of animals and also humans by the virus strain H5N1. This causes the influenza of type A. The types of Influenza are the type "A" influenza, the type "B" influenza and the type "C" influenza. The type "B" and type "C" influenza are not considered to be that dangerous as they show up only in some species and have very little symptoms in human beings. Type "A" influence is the most dangerous among the influenzas and they have caused problems of varying proportions like the epidemic of 1918 which is reported to have caused the death of about 20 million people around the world.

The viruses that cause these problems are the H and the N strains of the virus. The H and the N stands for hem agglutinin and Neuramidase respectively. Now there are sixteen strains of the virus of the H form and nine strains of the virus in the N form. A combination of these two strains would create only up to two hundred and fifty six strains of the virus. Not all strains are considered dangerous. They mutate in to a new form as and when they get in to a host body. The form that accounted for the epidemic of 1918 was the H1N1 strain.

Now the H5N1 strain is causing problems to the human population and the bird population. This strain is also called as the avian strain. This strain of the virus jumps from the bird or an animal host on to the human beings. When they infect the human beasts the human beasts show up a variety of symptoms. The symptoms of influenza are it starts of with sore sore with a follow up of body pain. You may experience high fever and dizziness. This is when you may consult your doctor. If you have been diagnosed with bird flu after studying where you have been exposed and your required sample tests, you will be starting on the drug.

For the drug Tamiflu to give you full effect it should be diagnosed within forty eight hours of you showing up the symptoms. This has prompted the caption in the first line. Any way starting off with Tamiflu is not the end of your problems. You got to follow the required dosages of the medication.

Tamiflu comes in a suspension form of the medicine and a capsule form of the medicine. The capsule form of the medicine contains seventy five grams of the active drug. If you are having the influence in the first case you are told to take one capsule of seventy five grams in the morning and one capsule of seventy five grams in the evenings. You are required to follow this routine for a period of five days. If you have been diagnosed with a problem for the kidneys and are undergoing treatment for the same, then you should take only one tablet a day. The above dose that I have given you is for adults, adults over the age of thirteen.

For children the dosage is a bit different. For children you are expected to give the medicine which is available in the suspension form. The amount to be administrated is pre-calculated by the weight of the child. For children who are less than 33 pounds the recommended dosage is thirty milligram. For children weighing between thirty three pounds to forty pounds the dosages is forty five milligrams. For children in the weight group of 51 to 88 pounds the dosage is sixty milligrams. And for children weighing above 88 pounds the dosage is 75 milligrams.

Help For the Alopecia Sufferer

Although alopecia [al-oh-PEE-shah] is a common disease, its name is not widely known, and even though it is not life-threatening, it's sporadic nature and tendency towards recurrence often has considerable psychological effects on the alopecia sufferer. Alopecia is the medical term for hair loss or baldness. It is the name which designates the reliably redundant and early fall out of hair that appears previously weakened by follicular obstruction. While in come cases there can be no cure, many times new treatment options offer hope for the alopecia sufferer.

Hair Loss

While previous estimates on what substances 'normal' hair loss have been quoted as high as 100 to 150 hairs a day, recent studies show that number should actually be closer to 35 to 40 hairs a day. Yet what concerns us here is not the normal shedding of the hair, but rather abnormal hair loss, also known as alopecia. By the age of thirty-five, some forty percent of both men and women show some degree of hair loss. Partial or complete re-growth of hair can follow, but permanent loss of hair can occur when the roots of the hairs are severely damaged. Forms of this disease should be studied so that the alopecia sufferer can work towards a solution for their hair loss.

Types of Alopecia

Traction alopecia is a common cause of hair loss due to pulling forces exerted on the scalp hair. Traction alopecia is more common in women than in men because women are more involved with hairstyling practices such as braiding or chemical hair straightening, and they are more likely to use tight curlers and nylon brushes and to wear chignons or buns. Female pattern alopecia or baldness is less common than male pattern alopecia. Male and female pattern baldness is usually a genetic condition, although female pattern alopecia rarely leads to total loss of hair. The loss of hair from this type mostly starts at the front, the sides or on the top of the head. The hair loss from alopecia areata is typically seen in patches on the head and or body. Alopecia areata monolocularis means that hair loss occurs in one spot only, usually on the head. Alopecia areata multilocularis means that hair loss occurs in several spots, and loss may not be limited to the head. It can progress to the complete loss of hair from the head (called alopecia totalis) and can even spread to result in loss of all hair on the head and body. Called alopecia universalis, it is a severe form of alopecia areata. This alopecia sufferer experiences permanent loss of all body hair, including eyebrows, eyelashes, and hair in the pubic area and armpits. Toxic alopecia is characterized by the temporary loss of hair and is caused by an overuse of medications or some vitamins, or is bought on by certain diseases such as thyroid or postpartum disorders. Diffuse alopecia is the term for loss of hair after acute chronic systemic diseases, emotional stress, febrile illness or childbirth. Another common form of hair loss, postpartum alopecia is caused by hormonal changes during the course of a pregnancy. There is usually very little sign of these changes during the pregnancy itself, but rather a sudden and very excess loss of hair from three to nine months after the birth of the child. While this hair loss is often very traumatic for the new mother and alopecia sufferer, the hair growth cycle typically returns to normal within a year after the end of the pregnancy. Alopecia is a condition that is not limited to humans only, as it can also affect your cat or dog. As you can see there can be many types of alopecia sufferer.

Causes of Alopecia

Many autoimmune diseases, like lupus and AIDS can cause hair loss. An alopecia sufferer may have experienced mental or physical trauma. Those suffering from eczema may experience some hair loss as well. Vigorous combing and chemical bleaches and styling products can additionally irritate the scalp to cause further hair loss or it may be caused by the use of hair dryers, combs or any other heated metallic element capable of generating lesions on the scalp. Alopecia may occur because of nerve disorders, congenital abnormalities of the hair, genetic factors, heredity, alteration of the immune system, injuries and thyroid problems. Some medications like thallium, high doses of vitamin A and retinoid also cause a type of alopecia.

Treatments for the Alopecia Sufferer

As an alopecia sufferer , you should always discuss any medical treatment with your Health Care Provider. Physicians, especially dermatologists, must recognize this condition early to prevent irreparable hair loss. A professional will be able to advise you as to whether your condition will go away on its own, stop if you discontinue use of certain medications or end a habit, or if you can help yourself with a system of treatment. The most effective treatment is now available for purchase and use in the home. It consist of scalp hygiene products, nutritional supplements and a personal low level light laser brush that stimulates hair growth. Always buy from a reputable dealer that has FDA approval and a guarantee program.

Study Suggests Myopia Prevalence Decreases With Outdoor Activity

Myopia, or nearsightedness, is a vision defect that happens when one’s eyes are unable to focus the light from distant objects correctly onto the retina. Someone with myopia is able to clearly see objects that are close, but objects that are far away are blurry. 

Myopia generally first arises in elementary-aged children, though it can also develop in adults. Research indicates that it is a hereditary trait – children whose parents are nearsighted are more likely to be as well. Although the inclination to acquire nearsightedness is likely inherited, the development of the condition can be affected by how one uses their eyes. For example, a person who spends a lot of time reading or who does extensive work on the computer or other close visual work may be at higher risk of developing myopia.

Myopia has become increasingly more common over the past 50 years, and it is estimated to now affect around 1.6 billion people worldwide, with numbers expected to climb to 2.5 billion by 2020, according to the Institute of Eye Research. In the United States, nearsightedness (myopia) affects nearly 30 percent of the population.

The increase in myopia cases is thought by a team of Australian researchers to be a result of more children being raised in environments where they don’t see objects far away and their eyes aren’t adapted to focus on distant objects as they develop. Global myopia cases are most prevalent in societies where children watch television and play computer games instead of playing outside, they say. In cities like Hong Kong and Tokyo, 30 to 50 percent of 12-year-old children are myopic; in the United States, it is around 20 percent for this age group.

A report published in the January issue of Optometry and Vision Science found that children with myopia spent an average of 8.3 hours per week outside and children without myopia spent an average of 12.6 hours outside. The study also found that children with myopia watched several additional hours per week of television, on average.

The researchers, from The New England College of Optometry, said that sunlight could expand the range that objects are clearly visible. The effect appeared to be similar with both active and passive outdoor activity.

Myopia symptoms and correction

Common symptoms of myopia in children include squinting to see distant objects, difficulty reading the chalkboard at school, sitting close to the television, and disinterest in playing outside.

Myopia doubles the risk of glaucoma and retinal detachment, both of which can lead to vision loss later in life.

A basic vision test will determine if an individual is nearsighted. Myopia is relatively easy to correct with contact lenses or eyeglasses. The lens bends the images that enter the eye and focuses the image properly. Depending on the severity of one’s myopia, wearers may only need to wear their lenses for certain activities. Adults can also consider laser surgery, which can only be done after the eyeball is fully developed.

Another option for treating myopia is called orthokeratology, or corneal refractive therapy. With this treatment, myopic patients wear specially designed rigid contact lenses that gradually reshape the cornea.

For more information on myopia, or other eye health [http://www.contactlensking.com/eyehealth.aspx] topics, visit Contact Lens King.