Glaucoma Specialist – How to Choose the Right One

Glaucoma is an eye disease associated with increased pressure in the eyeball that can cause gradual loss of sight. The pressure on the eyeball is caused by a backup of fluid which can damage the optic nerve over time. This is the second leading cause of blindness in America. Detecting the disease in its early stages is crucial to stopping it before major damage occurs. The only way to detect glaucoma is to have a yearly comprehensive eye exam on a regular basis. If you have been diagnosed with this disease by your eye doctor of family doctor, they may refer you to a glaucoma specialist for further tests and treatment.

Becoming a glaucoma specialist usually requires an extra year two of training after residency as an ophthalmologist. There are many ophthalmologists who specialize in glaucoma either because of personal interest or because they have a lot of patients with glaucoma. A glaucoma specialist sees patients that are at different stages of the disease. They see people who come in for consultations, those who are going through treatments and those that have already had surgery and are in need of post-op care. It is important to work with the patients to determine their specific needs and make them feel comfortable and well cared for. The first step in treating glaucoma including is with eye drops and or prescription pills. If the condition worsens, laser surgery or traditional surgical procedures may be required to prevent vision loss.

Successful glaucoma specialists are constantly researching and keeping up with the latest information and technology related to glaucoma treatment. There are new studies completed and published in various medical reports that influence the latest procedures for glaucoma care.

Doctors also share information by consulting with each other on difficult or challenging cases.

Choosing a glaucoma specialist is a lot like choosing another other doctor; you have to do your research. The internet can provide a lot of information as current and present patients like to share their experiences. Be mindful of the number of treatments a doctor has completed since the more procedures a surgeon perform, the more skilled he will become in the treatment. Insurance companies may be able to provide information on the number of procedures a doctor has completed. Various doctors may recommend different medications or therapies, so discuss your options with each person and determine which methods are most comfortable for you.

Natural Remedies For Alopecia

Most people experience this problem as they age. However, people are discovering that their hair is becoming finer, bald areas have emerged and the scalp is clearly visible when looking in the mirror. This not only affects men, it affects women too – of all ages, including children and teenagers!

Alopecia is the medical term used to describe baldness. For many men and women experiencing alopecia, can be emotionally devastating and traumatic. The quality of life is often affected, which may lead to depression and severe anxiety.

This condition can affect any body part that is covered with hair including the scalp, eyebrows, beard or pubic area. There are several types of male or female hair loss that are classified by the cause. Some are permanent while other types are temporary.

Permanent hair loss can be classified by the following:

-The pattern baldness in men, also known as androgenetic, usually affects men in their teens or early 20s. Androgenetic alopecia is distinguished by having hair on the sides of the head and balding on top.

-The pattern baldness in women, also known as androgenetic. It is rare that complete hair loss for women – can lose hair in patches and generally only begin to thin in the front, sides or crown.

-Alopecia (as scars) also known as scarring alopecia. This type of hair loss destroys the hair follicle and the follicle is replaced by scar tissue – causes persistent alopecia. Sometimes, there are no symptoms and hair loss is gradual. In other cases, itching, burning or pain may occur. If the scalp is affected, some flakes and redness may be evident.

Temporary hair loss

-Area tends to occur in small, round bald spots. Hair loss or bald patches usually occur on the scalp but can also affect other areas such as eyebrows, eyelashes or beard. If hair loss occurs at a point only, usually in the head, called alopecia areata monolocularis. If the hair is lost in the whole scalp is alopecia totalis. If hair loss occurs in the whole body, including pubic hair, this condition is called alopecia universalis

-Telogen effluvium is a condition characterized by sudden loss of hair as a result of a disruption in the normal growth cycle of hair. Hair begin to thin and fall usually from the scalp, which is more sensitive when you wash or comb your hair.

-Traction alopecia occurs as a result of certain hairstyles such as braids, tight ponytails, cornrows, buns, rolls or twists that are used regularly. It is caused by pulling (traction chronic) the hair follicle and samples of this type of involve tension headaches, itchy scalp, red, bald patches at random and hair breakage around the scalp

The causes of specific types of alopecia include:

-The pattern baldness (androgenetic alopecia) occurs as a result of heredity factors. It affects the age at which you start to get bald, pattern, speed of development and degree of hair loss

-Alopecia (scarring that) scar is permanent and occurs when the hair follicle is scarred and damaged by inflammation. This condition appears in many conditions of skin disease.

-Alopecia areata is defined as an autoimmune disease. It is believed that genetic factors may make it develop.

-Telogen effluvium is caused by a change to your normal cycle as a result of physical or emotional stress (high fever, weight loss, loss of a family member, nutritional deficiencies or surgery)

-Traction alopecia is due to the hairstyles that pull your hair back too tightly or excessive hairstyling

Other factors that may contribute include poor nutrition, certain medications, diseases such as diabetes and lupus as well as medical treatments such as radiotherapy and chemotherapy. Hormonal changes such as pregnancy, menopause, an active thyroid or vagu and infections of the scalp can cause hair loss.
A hair-pulling disorder known as trichotillomania is a mental illness that makes people have the irresistible urge to pull hair from your scalp or any other area of ​​your body. In addition, hair treatments such as bleaching, dyeing, tightening braiding or hot curlers can cause scarring and hair follicles of hair reduction.

Diagnosis of Alopecia
The diagnosis of alopecia is based on your physical symptoms, family and medical history. Your doctor will want to know the pattern and rate of hair loss.

Certain tests can also be performed to determine the cause of hair loss and to classify it:

-Pull test where several hairs to see how many are thrown out

-The skin scrapings involve a sample of skin or hairs taken from the scalp to determine if an infection is the cause of hair loss

-The biopsy involves removing a small section of the deer layers of the skin (this test is usually done when it is difficult to confirm a diagnosis)

-Other health tests to determine whether other diseases cause hair loss

Using Electronic Muscle Stimulation Systems to Prevent Muscle Atrophy

Electronic muscle stimulators, or EMS devices, are electronic devices that stimulate the muscles. Many bodybuilders use them to speed up muscle repair after a strenuous workout. When they have worked out hard, they get microscopic tears in their muscles and it is the healing of those tears that allows their muscle mass to grow. This would explain why EMS systems are commonly used in preventing muscle atrophy in those who are physically disabled.

For a person who has a disease or has been in an accident that denies them from using certain muscles, those muscles will begin to deteriorate over time. You may notice someone with atrophy in their legs have legs that are smaller than they should be. This is because the muscle is deteriorating away. Along with that muscle mass goes the strength. Although they may not be able to use the atrophied muscles anyway, it is healthy to prolong or eliminate prevent the atrophy from occurring.

Other reasons to prevent atrophy

Another reason in which EMS systems are used to prevent muscle atrophy is the fact that there have been medical breakthroughs that have enabled individuals who have not been able to use their muscles for years to suddenly use them. People who could not so much as stand are standing, so it was important to keep the muscles stimulated. Even if there is no hope of a person being able to utilize those muscles, they still need to be stimulated since medical breakthroughs are happening every single day. One just never knows when they're going to be aware of a new development, so their muscles have to be primed and ready to go.

How an EMS system works

EMS systems involve having more than one electrode placed on the skin. From there, small electronic pulses are emitted, usually by the push of a button. These pulses cause the muscles to contract. The contracting is similar to what is received when exercising. This is the very contraction that is needed to keep the muscles stimulated. It is true that an EMS system can not be connected all of the time, but it is great to have that available at a certain point or at points during the day to make sure the muscles get that bit of "exercise" that they need .

As for the effectiveness, EMS systems are quite effective, which is why so many individuals own them for various different reasons. As stated before, bodybuilders own them to help them in their bodybuilding routines. There are even some who use them to relieve muscle pain. The best way to relieve pain is by stimulating the muscle so that it can heal. If you've ever heard the saying, "Work it out," then you understand how an EMS system can do this. These are all reasons why doctors prescribe them to be used for those with such conditions as Muscular Dystrophy, for paraplegics, and for those who have encountered severe injuries that have resolved in severe muscle damage.

Luckily, EMS systems are not incredibly high investment. Many individuals are able to afford them and every individual can invest in the device that fits their particular needs. Certain ones give off a certain voltage, are different colors, different sizes, come with more or less electrodes, etc. Some may come with one type of electrode while others come with electrodes specifically designed for different areas of the body. But again, they are not very expensive, making EMS systems an easily accessible treatment method for anyone. Anyone with a muscle disorder or injury should invest in an EMS device to improve the quality of their life and to keep up a healthy appearance.

Chicken Pox Scar Removal Cream To Remove Chicken Pox Scars

Chicken pox. One thing that every child would not want to have. But, sadly it happens. Especially if the child didn’t get protection or a shot to protect him from it.

There are times in which one person – regardless of the age – would get this disease too and he will most likely scratch here and there or in places where it is hard to reach.

But, the worse thing about it is what happens after you have recovered from the disease.

You get chicken pox scars.

Nasty things. Surely would not want this to be on your kid’s skin and/or anywhere near you.

This is why you have to find the best or the most effective chicken pox scar removal cream to remove chicken pox scars.

Applying a scar removal cream on the scars is the cheapest and oldest way. Most people even claim that it is effective. Given that you apply the chicken pox scar removal cream from time to time.

There are a lot of chicken pox scar removal creams available in the market today:

1. expensive ones

2. cheap ones

3. ones which makes your skin oily or dry

And there are even those which works especially well on African-American skin.

But they all claim one thing, they can remove scars. Regardless of their brand or price.

In looking for a scar removal cream, you must first take a few important things into consideration.

Since you already know that some of the creams will make your skin oily or dry and some are even expensive or cheap – you should first check out the product before you make the purchase.

Getting a feel of the product. Just like getting a car, which you will have to test drive first.

If you feel like using a cream which would make your skin oily or dry, then why not?

Also, when it comes to pricing – make sure you will be comfortable with it. In most cases, people would not even bother checking the price as long as the cream claims that it removes chicken pox scars – since that is what they’re looking for – they just purchase it straight away.

This would entirely lead to frustration, especially if the cream does not do anything and is very expensive.

As a last resort, if the scar removal cream does not work for you – then you can always go with the most effective way to remove scars – any scar – laser scar removal technology.

But in the end, no matter if you will use a cream or avail of the laser removal technology, make sure that it is the best way for you to remove chicken pox scars.

Alopecia X – Canine Hair Loss

For want of a better name for this canine hair loss, alopecia X is derived from a hormonal disorder that is not considered to be life threatening.

This type of canine hair loss is known by other names, such as black skin disease, the cold funk, castration-responsive dermatosis and growth hormone responsive alopecia. It is characterized by patches of missing hair, and can progress to a total loss of the dog's coat.

Breeds of dog that seem to be more commonly affected include:

Pomeranian, Chow Chow, Alaskan Malamute, Spitz, Poodle and the Elkhound.

Male dogs seem to have a higher prevalence and the condition usually presents itself at around three years of age. The dog's coat will appear to be lifeless and dry, with lengthier hairs falling out first as well as the possibility of the skin becoming flaky.

How is it diagnosed?

Your veterinarian will conduct a battery of tests to rule out other health disorders, such as a thyroid disorder, hyposomatotrophism, Cushing's disease, or follicular dysplasia. Testing for alopecia X include a urine sample, a blood analysis, and biopsy of skin tissue.

Canine hair loss treatments:

Alopecia X can be treated by spaying or neutering your dog if the disorder is found to be of hormonal origin. In addition, the drugs methyltestosterone or lysodren can be administrated.

You can also give your dog oral doses of melatonin every 12 hours plus additional supplement nutrition. Your vet will determine the appropriate course of treatment once diagnosis has been determined.

Trilostane, which interferees with the synthesis of 3beta-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase, has shown to be every effective in the treatment of alopecia X, which stimulated hair regrowth in dogs diagnosed with canine hair loss. There are no side effects attributed to the use of this medication.

Management:

Dogs diagnosed with alopecia X are prone to extreme temperatures of heat and cold. Getting a doggy shirt of some kind to protect the skin while outdoors will prevent further damage to the skin.

Bathe and comb your dog regularly as this can promote hair growth by increasing circulation to the skin. There is the possibility that the alopecia x is not a stand alone condition – it could have the result of two or more problems in combination that are causing the hair loss.

If your dog is showing signs of alopecia X, a visit with your veterinarian will define the cause and the appropriate treatment will be prescribed.

Low Backache

Definition. The term includes many types of pain on the lower part of the back viz,, pain at the sacrum, coccyx, on the lumbar spine, soreness on the back and sciatica; low backache is more common in women than in men.

Causes

A. Gynaecological causes. These form less important causes of low backache. The causes may be as follows:

(1) Uterine prolapse with retroversion may drag on the pelvic ligaments causing backache; this gets relieved on lying.

(2) tubo ovarian mass, parametritis and chronic cervicitis;

(3) benign and malignant pelvic tumours impacted uterine fibroid or ovarian cyst, pelvic endametriosis, advanced carcinoma of cervix, retroperitoneal tumour;

(4) postoperative because of sacro iliac strain following gynaecological operation in lithotomy position under anaesthesia;

(5) Premenstrual low – pain especially in premenstrual syndrome.

Site of backache due to gynaecological cause is sacral but never extends above fourth lumbar vertebra; it has got bilateral distribution but not localised. Causes mentioned above do not necessarily produce backache in all cases.

1. Orthopaedic causes. These are the commonest cause. There are numerous factors that can play. Some important ones are the following-

(i) Sacro iliac strain or subluxation this often follows pregnancy and labour. Pain is felt on lifting weight or stooping move¬ment. There may be tenderness at the sacroiliac joint;

(ii) postural cause muscular and ligamentary strain on the back is possible due to postural defect. Obesity may also cause such strain;

(iii) Spinal arthritis ;

(iv) congenital anomalies sacralization of last lumbar vertebra or lumbarisation of first sacral vertebra, spina bifida occulta may cause back pain;

(v) lumbago this is due to myositis of the lumbar region;

(vi) coccygodynia pain at the coccyx commonly following labour. Tenderness can be elicited on movement of the coccyx ;

(vii) other spinal diseases prolapse of intervertebral disc, caries spine, spinal cord compression.

Sites of pain in orthopaedic cause vary according to the particular lesion But pain tends to be localised with tenderness at a site; pain is also related to exercise or rest. Sacroiliac strain becomes worse at night while lying flat on back or turning to the side.

II. Nonorthopaedic causes.

(1) Renal pain distribution of pain is characteristic i.e. unilateral arising at the Join.

(2) Rectal pain. Constipation, rectal spasm or carcinoma may have sacral pain or discomfort.

In some cases, no demonstrable cause for backache can be found. psychological upset is alleged to be a factor to play in this group.

Investigations.

1. Careful history taking, thorough clinical examination of the patient’s general condition, pelvic condition, should be done. Examination of spine and back especially for any local tenderness is essential. Radiology of lurnbosacral region is al¬ways taken to detect any evident lesion. Urological investigations should be taken up in cases suggesting the cause.

2. Cases showing no gynaecological factor for backache should be referred to the orthopaedic surgeon.

Treatment. This is done according to the cause. The gynaecological causes are treated. For the orthopaedic causes, local application of heat, local massage of some liniment, rest, analgesics can be instituted before the orthopaedist takes up the cause for treatment.

Health Insurance Vs Health Plans

There are four common reasons why most people do not have health insurance or health plans. These four reasons are: (1) You are self employed. (2) You are unemployed. (3) Your current job does not offer coverage. (4) You have been released from your parents' coverage. Whatever the reason may be, it is important for you to get covered.

While doing some research on healthcare, you may come across two different types of medical coverage. The first is "health insurance" which includes HMO's, PPO's, and traditional coverage. You may also come across something called discount "health plans". These healthcare types are a little different from one another and you should understand what they are all about before making a final decision on what kind of coverage you choose.

Health Insurance

When choosing a health insurance plan you are going to need to choose between three different subcategories: PPO's, HMO's, and Indemnity Plans. There is not much difference between a PPO (Preferred Provider Organization) and an HMO (Health Maintenance Organization). They are both options that keep your premium costs down by only allowing you to see doctors or visit specialists that are members of their provider network. For example, when you see a member doctor, the doctor charges full price for the visit. You pay a co-pay amount of $ 5- $ 25 – depending on your policy, and the insurance company is billed for the rest. You must visit a doctor in the network or the insurance company may not pay their share of your visit.

Indemnity Plans are a little different. Also called "traditional insurance", they allow you to choose whatever doctor, hospital, or specialist you want, and your visit is covered. You pay your co-pay amount and your insurer will pay the rest. These plans may or may not be more expensive, so it is important for you to compare quotes between indemnity plans and PPO / HMO plans.

Discount Health Plans

These are great alternatives to PPO's, HMO's, and traditional insurance, and are becoming increasingly more popular. These plans offer discounts on doctor visits, emergency care, and prescriptions with participating providers in their network, and membership comes with affordable monthly payments. They offer financial relief in your time of need by preventing you from having to pay for 100% of your medical expenses on your own. For example if you have a 50% discount plan, get sick, and see a participating doctor that normally charges $ 70 for an office visit, being a discount plan member means you will only have to pay $ 35 for that visit. Many discount plans are offered by major medical insurance companies and were created for people on a budget.

So if you are debating on health insurance vs. health plans, just know that either way having some coverage is better than having no coverage at all. Pick a plan that allows you to stay healthy without breaking the bank. Staying healthy should be the number one priority.

Ken S., Founder

LowRateSearch.com

© 2009

Ronald Reagan, Movie Actor

In 1937, 26-year-old Chicago Cubs radio announcer Ronald Reagan had the acting bug rekindled in him. The former Dixon, Illinois native performed on stage in high school and college but during the Great Depression he had drifted into the sports world. In those days the Cubs trained in California and Reagan went with them to get away from the Iowa cold and pursue his movie star dream. Through a friend he got a screen test at Warner Bros .; the studio executives had mixed reactions. He was no Robert Taylor, but he did have more of an All-American look than some of the stars that worked at the Warner's factory, such as James Cagney and Humphrey Bogart. The glasses and crew cut had to go. When questioned about his acting experience Reagan told several lies to pad his resume. The casting director asked him to stick around an extra day for more tests. "No dice", Ron said feigning indifference when he was really desperate. "I'm on the train with the Cubs." He left the studio thinking he had blown any chance to be signed by them. He was amazed later that same day when Warners made an offer to put him under contract at $ 200.00 a week, and hastily agreed before they changed their mind.

In typical Hollywood fashion the former radio announcer was cast as a radio announcer. It seemed like every film his big line was "Get me the City desk! I have a story that will break this town wide open!" Ronald, a former lifeguard and kept detailed records of all the lives he saved, preferred playing heroes to the drunken socialite he depicted along side Bette Davis in Dark Victory (1939) even if he was be in mostly b-movies. He learned quickly that Hollywood could be a cutthroat place. He dated some of his leading ladies who fell out of love after their movie was over. He worked with insecure stars like Errol Flynn, who demanded that the one-inch shorter Reagan not stand next to him on camera. And there were tough Directors like the Hungarian born Michael Curtiz, with what he made Santa Fe Trail (1940). In one scene the young actor watched in amusement as Curtiz kept telling an extra playing a minister to keep moving backwards until he fell of a scaffold, severely injuring his leg. "Get me another minister!" shouted the angry director.

In order to better his career he suggested to his bosses that they buy the story of the legendary Notre Dame football coach Knute Rockne and Reagan could play the role of the tragic halfback George Gipp. Warner Bros. liked the first idea more than the second: he was told he was too small. Reagan produced a photograph of himself playing college football; he was actually bigger than Gipp. He got the part but Knee Rockne All American (1940) was not all fun and games. One day Reagan showed up to shoot the scene where Gipp ran the ball eighty yards for a touchdown. He was told he was not needed. They would film something else instead. He proceeded to eat a huge and unhealthy breakfast. Then he was informed that they were going to film the run after all. After the third eighty-yard take Reagan dashed far past the goal line where he privately lost his meal.

Reagan was a political animal right away, driving his Hollywood co-workers to distraction with his praise of the policies of Franklin Roosevelt. It was mostly just talk; he rejected any suggestion that he might someday go into politics. One time he was yammering about about the necessity of government aid when a friend suggested he run for President. "You do not like my acting either!" He wailed.

Ronald Reagan's Star rose with King's Row (1942) where he had a dramatic performance in which his legs were amputated and he screamed out, "Where's the rest of me?" King's Row cave his agent Lew Wasserman the leverage to negotiate a solid movie star salary for him. But his acting opportunities slowed because of military service during World War II. Although his terrible vision kept him from seeing combat (he was told that if he was sent overseas he would accidently shoot an American General and probably miss him) the short propaganda films he appeared in (for which he received military, not movie star pay) did little to help his career. He worked in propaganda films like the Irving Berlin musical This Is The Army (1943) where he received only his military pay. He overheard young women, who worked at his army base, swooning over newer, younger stars and when the war ended Reagan felt insecure and past his prime.

He met Jane Wyman on the set of Brother Rat (1938). She was attracted to him right away but surprised if his niceness was just an act. She convinced herself he was the real deal when she saw he was just as kind to waiters as he was to big shots at the studio. But after the war her career moved ahead of his with her Academy Award winning performance as a deaf mute in Johnny Belinda (1948). There was gossip about her having had a love affair with her co-star Lew Ayres. And his constant harping on politics drove Jane Wyman crazy; sometimes she would yawn away in public when he got on his soapbox. Still with all that Reagan was shocked when they divorced, that was something that happened to other people. During that time the stressed out Midwesterner came down with a severe case of pneumonia that nearly killed him.

Ronald Reagan became frustrated with both his career and his personal life. In The Hagen Girl (1947) he reluctantly became the first man to kiss twenty-year-old Shirley Temple on screen. He argued that he was that he should end up with Shirley's schoolteacher, but the Director was Reagan's age, had a teenage girl and wanted to make a point. Movie patrons shouted, "Oh no!" when he and Shirley got into a clinch. He became President of the Screen Actors Guild and as his politics drifted more to the right threats came from Communists in Hollywood. Perhaps they would throw acid in his face or his bomb his house. He began carrying a gun for protection. Movie bosses saw Reagan more as a labor negotiator than a viable Movie Star. He broke his leg at a charity baseball game, which cost him two movie roles and a sizable amount of money. He publicly stated he could do a better job choosing his roles than Jack Warner, who fired him after fourteen years without a handshake. He enjoyed making Bedtime For Bonzo (1951) at Universal but he knew his amazing chimp co-star was stealing the show when the Director Fred De Cordova started giving personal instructions to Bonzo instead of his trainer. Reagan's money problems became so severe in the early 1950s that he tried to eek out extra cash by selling his autographs through the mail.

After Ron became the President of the Screen Actors Guild in 1949, he met Nancy Davis a not very ambitious actress who needed her name cleared from being linked to a Communist group. They hit it off immediately, but he took it slow and dated several actions in Hollywood. When he woke up one morning with a girl whose name he could not remember he decided it was time to marry again. He and Nancy co-starred in the disappointing, big budget Hellcats Of The Navy (1957) but the new Mrs. Reagan was far more interested in her family than acting and unlike his first wife never threatened his ego.

Ronald Reagan became a rich man by moving into television. Thanks to the advice of his longtime agent and manager Lew Wasserman he became the host of General Electric Theater (1953-1962). But success in TV did not translate into high demand at the box office. The movie offers became fewer. In 1964 he made a film called The Killers where he played a villain for the first time. Audiences were shocked when the nice guy they thought they knew smacked co-star Angie Dickinson in the face. Reagan found the role unpalatable. He had a falling out with Wasserman who felt he was a whining has-been. Faced with a future of similar type roles made it easier for him to go into politics full time.

Ronald Reagan denied that he was a great communicator. He felt that the content of his words was more important than his style. But he never forgot his movie roots. "Win one for the Gipper"! "May the force be you!" "Go ahead! Make my day!" They all became political sound bytes for him. And sometimes he could use film references as a source for witticisms. Early in his first term as Governor of California the now very conservative Reagan described an encounter with a hippie. "He looked like Tarzan, acted like Jane and smelled like Cheetah!" But Reagan had to take it as well as dish it out. Once as President he leaned on a prominent Democrat. "We have to cut taxes, damn it! Do you know when I was in the movies I was in the 90% tax bracket." "Ninety percent? My God, Mr. President, I did not think you were that good of an actor!" The President roared with laughter.

Get Rid of Fungus Toenails

Get rid of fungus toenails fast using natural ingredients that will not threaten your liver and health like some of the harsh prescription drugs available on the market today.

Fungus toenails are a very aggravating problem and one that more than 35 million people deal with on a daily basis. Toenail fungus attacks both women and men, and it does not really matter how old you are or where you live in the world. It pretty much attacks whenever it finds an opportunity.

Toe nail fungus is caused by the same fungus found in athlete's foot and it gets down into your nail bed and causes them to become yellow, brittle, and cracked. This happens because a small parasite known as a dermatophyte is busy eating away at your nails.

Some people have used some really dangerous and outrageous formulas to get rid of fungus nails but it rarely works and that's why you see them constantly searching to try the next thing. Remedies such as soaking your nails in bleach, or spreading vaginal cream on them are a bit far fetched.

Bleach being absorbed in your bloodstream is never a good idea so that should be avoided. If you want to try a soak, some have recommended a corn meal soak or an apple cider vinegar soak. Neither of these are guaranteed to kill your fungus but both are safer than bleach or other toxic chemicals.

Various natural ingredients such as coconut oil, lemongrass oil, tea tree oil, and lavendar oil have had some success in fighting the fungus.

How to Overcome Stammering

Do you buy into all the hype that you can not overcome a stammering problem? Or do you believe that you can be shown how to overcome stammering? Why do you think that most of the people being vocal about there are not any cures for stammering are actual speech therapists? Would not you think that a speech therapist would be a bit more optimistic about whether or not you can overcome a stammering problem?

When you consider how many people have overcome their stammering problem, it makes you wonder why professionals like speech therapists are making such statements. But knowing that it is possible to learn how to overcome stammering should bolster your courage to ignore these unfounded "professional" statements and seek a solution to this speech impediment.

But, just how easy is it to learn how to get stammering? Is there a basis in fact to these therapists' negative thoughts? Up front, you should know that the solution does not present itself overnight, that there is a tough road ahead. But, it is a doable task. For the most part, it involves a lot of practice getting used to the techniques that you would need to learn.

The idea is to practice a new way of speaking that would ever become a natural part of your everyday speech. The nice thing is that people who suffer from a stammering problem are not too bothered by the fact that there will be some work involved. This is probably because the end result of all that hard work will change their lives.

How long does it take? How many countless hours must you toil, drenched in blood, sweat and tears until you finally achieve the results you are looking forward to? The answer to that is as different as there are people with stammering problems. Each person is different, and will work at and respond to the learned techniques differently. If you go by the surprises, you are looking at around three months of putting the nose … or the voice … to the grindstone.

While being faced with meeting new people can make someone who suffers from a stammering problem nervous, thereby making the stammering worsen, there are many former stammerers who have learned how to overcome stammering and are willing to teach others. This makes current stammerers less nervous.

There are also other ways to learn how to bypass stammering. All involve the stammerers working by themselves, so the issue of nervousness would never come up. All over the place, there are CD courses, audio streams, ebooks and DVDs. Any of these ways will make the stammerer comfortable enough to be able to apply what they are learning.

Do a Google search; look for anything involved learning how to bypass stammering. You are sure to find numerous sources willing to provide you with the help you need. The rest is up to you.

Vaccine Preventable Diseases – Diphtheria

This disease of colder months in temporary areas is practically non-existent in the US due to an aggressive vaccine program for the past several decades. We currently see less than 5 cases of respiratory diphtheria annually.

This dangerous respiratory disease is caused by a potent toxin produced by certain strains of the bacterium Corynebacterium diphtheria e.

Unlike tetanus, diphtheria is extremely contagious through coughing or sneezing. Risk factors include crowding, poor hygiene, and lack of immunization.

Symptoms usually appear within a week of infection. This infection is characterized by a sore throat, coughing and fever very similar to many common diseases like strep throat. Additional symptoms may be bloody, watery discharge from the nose and rapid breathing. However, a presumptive diagnosis can be made by observing a characteristic thick grayish patch (membrane) found in the throat. In more severe cases, neck swelling (see picture below) and airway obstruction may be observed. In the tropics, cutaneous and wound diphtheria is much more common and can be a source of transmission.

The real serious danger is when the toxin that is produced by the bacterium gets into the bloodstream and spreads to organs like the heart and nervous system. Myocarditis, congestive heart failure and neurological illnesses of paralysis that mimic Guillain-Barre syndrome are most severe. Even with treatment, fatalities are still seen in up to 10% of cases.

Diphtheria can be treated and cured successfully with antitoxin and antibiotics if started early enough.

Although rarely seen in this country, it is still seen frequently in many parts of the world; including the Caribbean, Latin America and it is considered a re-emerging problem in parts of Russia. So ensuring your diphtheria vaccination is up to date is of importance prior to foreign travel.

The prevention of diphtheria is through infection. The vaccination schedule is the same as for tetanus (see previous article). Immunity does wane after a period of time and re-vaccination should be done at least every 10 years.

Although now a rare disease in the United States, foreign travel is still a risk factor for Americans and up to date vaccination is critical in preventing this disease.

Mental Retardation – Physical Causes

During the normal development of the individual from conception to maturation, interruptions may occur that result in retardation. These exogenous causes will be discussed according to when they occur-prenatal, perinatal, or postnatal.

The primary prenatal physical causes of retardation are infections and trauma. During the nine months of pregnancy the fetus develops from one cell to a fully functioning body with a brain and all organs in proper order. An interruption of this normal development affects the part of the body that is growing at the time. Most infections are invented from reaching the fetus by the placenta. Rubella, or German measures, is the only acute infection commonly acquired during pregnancy that is not blocked by the placenta. This acute infection disrupted the normal development and results in severe damage and deformity. In one study of 153 children whose mothers contracted rubella during pregnancy, one-half evidenced borderline to severe mental retardation. Deafness, blindness, and heart defects are common.

Trauma includes drugs; maternal undernutrition; radiation; Rh blood incompatibility; chronic maternal infections such as certain viruses, bacteria, and protozoa; and various disorders such as maternal anemia, high blood pressure, and diabetes. Treatment during pregnancy and at birth may reduce the severity of effects in many of these cases.

Perinatal problems, those occurring during the birth process, including prematurity, anoxemia, and direct injury to the head. Premature infants are those born weighing less than 5 1/2 pounds. Babies weighing about 3 pounds at birth stand a greater chance of developing more slowly and evidencing lower intellectual abilities. Anoxemia, or oxygen deprivation, occurs when the placenta is blocked at birth or spontaneous breathing does not occur. In several studies with rhesus monkeys deprived of oxygen at birth, up to 7 minutes of deprivation had no noticeable effect on later functioning. The breech or transverse birth may increase the likelihood of suffocation, but the physician is usually able to turn the baby properly. Direct trauma to the head may arise from a quick birth through a narrow cervical opening. Evidence is scanty for mechanical damage to the head using forceps. It has been suggested that poorly adjusted mothers tend to blame the child's problems on the birth process rather than seeing them as a response to her or the family's tensions.

Postnatal hazards include head injury, asphyxiation, poisons, malnutrition, infections, and brain tumors. Automobile accidents and child abuse are the two most common causes of severe head injury in young children. Meningitis, a viral infection of the brain's lining membrane, and high, persistent fever may affect the brain. These are treatable, and it is usually in several cases that lingering effects will be noted. Asphyxiation may result in brain damage, depending on the length of time of oxygen deprivation.

Bitter Melon: The New Wonder Herb?

Bitter melon is a plant that is grown in tropical areas, like the Amazon, Asia and the Caribbean as a food and medicine. It's a slender, climbing vine with a fruit that looks like a warty cucumber. Its Latin name Momordica means "to bite", because the jagged edges of its leaves appear as if they have been bitten. Everything in the Momordica plant, especially the fruit, taste extremely bitter.

Medicinally, the plant has long been used by the indigenous peoples of the Amazon to treat diabetes, intestinal gas, as an antiviral for measures and hepatitis. It promotes menstruation and is also used to topically treat sores, eczema, leprosy and large wounds. It is used by tribesmen to heal hypertensive, malaria, fevers and headaches. Taken internally, it is effective in expelling worms and parasites in adults and children

In numerous modern studies, all parts of the plant have been found to clinically demonstrate hypoglycemic (blood sugar lowering) properties and other beneficial properties against diabetes mellitus. The fruit's extract has shown the ability to enhance the body's glucose uptake and promoters insulin release. In other in vivo studies, the fruit and seed have been shown to reduce total cholesterol by significant amounts. Other in vitro studies have also demonstrated the anti-cancerous and anti-leukemic properties of bitter melon against liver cancer, leukemia and melanoma. Bitter melon, is also effective against numerous viruses, including the Epstein-Barr, herpes and HIV viruses. In one study, a leaf extract increased the resistance to viral infections while also increasing the abilities of our natural killer cells. In addition, the fruit and fruit juice have shown strong antibacterial properties, especially against E.Coli.

However, when extracts are injected intravenously in lab rats, bitter melon proves to be toxic and poisonous. The seeds of the fruit also have the ability to induce abortions in mice, as well as anti-fertility properties in female animals. It also produced sperm infertility in male animals. Bitter melon has also been traditionally used to lessen uterine activity; therefore, should not be used by pregnant women or breastfeeding mothers. Although bitter melon can lower blood sugar levels, it should not be used by persons with hypoglycemia. Even diabetics planning to take bitter melon supplements should check with their doctors first and always monitor their blood sugar levels because they may need to change their insulin therapies.

Today, bitter melon capsules and teas have become more spacious available in the Western world. Concentrated fruit extracts are now available in capsule form, as well as in powders and tinctures. It is also a suggested complementary treatment for diabetes, viruses, colds and flu, high cholesterol, psoriasis and certain cancers. The traditional method of making bitter herb tea is as follows: One cup of a standard leaf decoction taken two times daily, or 1-3 ml of tissue taken twice daily. The traditional South American remedy and the most potent way of using bitter melon for diabetes is to extract the juice of a fresh bitter melon fruit to be drank twice daily on an empty stomach. For seed or fruit extracts in capsules, make sure to follow the instructions on the label.

What is a Tdap Vaccine

Tdap vaccines are used to protect us against diphtheria, tetanus, and pertussis (also known as the whooping cough). These diseases are known to be caused by bacteria infections. These diseases are all considered very deadly. Do not be confused between the Tdap and DTaP vaccines.

Tdap acts as a booster for the DTaP vaccine for people between the ages of 11 – 64. The injection is generally placed into the thigh or into the arm. Doctors recommend children between the ages of 11 and 12 to be vaccinated.

Since this vaccine can protect you against the disease pertussis, the following people should also consider getting immunization:

• Mothers handling newborns who have received their Tdap immunization
• Adults who are constantly in contact with infants.
• Health care providers who works with patients on a daily basis.

Tdap vaccines can also help children and adults against tetanus infections if they receive a severe cut or burn.

This vaccine may also cause the certain side effects that generally last a few days. Some side effects include:

• Diarrhea, vomiting, nausea
• Rash and body aches
• Swelling or soreness at the injection point

Tdap immunization is not for everyone, you should not get the shot if you have experienced the following conditions:

• Severe reaction to the DTap vaccine
• Allergic reaction to any of the ingredient
• Went into a seizure after receiving the Dtap injection.

Those that can not receive the vaccine due to certain temporary conditions may receive the Tdap injection at a future time. It is also safe for people affected with a mildness illness to be vaccinated.

A Cure for Near Sightedness – Radial Keratotomy

Radial keratotomy (RK) is a refractive surgical procedure employed to correct myopia or nearsightedness. Radial Keratotomy came into existence by accident rather than through meticulous research. The procedure was discovered by Dr. Svyatoslav Fyodorov when he operated one of his patients who had met with a bicycle accident. The boy worn eyeglasses, which broke on impact, and the glass splinters lodged into his eyes. The doctor had to make several radial incisions in the corneal tissue in order to extract the glass. When the cornea healed, the doctor found that the boy's eyesight was significantly improved.

In radial keratotomy (RK), a series of micro-fine incisions are made in the outer portion of the cornea with the aid of a high-precision calibrated diamond knife. The surgeon administers a local anesthetic, since the incisions are wonderful and the procedure is fairly painless. The corneal thickness of the patient's eye is measured prior to the surgery. Before the incisions are made, the diamond-edged cutting instrument is strictly set under the operating microscope. Thus by flattening the curvature of the cornea in such a manner, RK can easily correct myopia or nearsightedness.

Radial keratotomy was first introduced in the United States in the 1980s. Initially it was much of an investigational procedure, with doctors operating only one eye at a time and waiting for at least 3 months to observe the results, before operating on the other eye. But the surgeons gained experience over time and now they could well operate both eyes simultaniously. Now, radial keratotomy is a minor surgery that takes about 15 to 20 minutes for each eye.

Radial keratotomy is constantly improving, owing much to the rapid advances in technology, and the fact that a number of such procedures have already been performed successfully. However, RK is not as precise as LASIK and PRK. Since, RK is less predictable, only a few surgeons now perform this procedure.