Type 2 Diabetes and The Healing of Your Wounds!

Wounds and skin infections are slow to heal in the person with Type 2 diabetes. Wound healing is the body's natural way of repairing the damage involving the dermal and the epidermal tissues, the skin layers mostly involved in the occurrence of wounds. It is a complex cascade of events that:

  • stimulates the activity of white blood cells, the defenders of the body against infections
  • the aggregation of platelets, the blood cells involved in blood clotting, and
  • the involvement of endothelial cells, the layer of cells that lines the interior of the blood vessel walls

Failure in the normal processes involved in wound healing is the most important cause of amputation in the United States. In fact, according to the John Hopkins POC-IT Center, 81 percent of people who underwent amputation have this problem. Hyperglycemia, or high blood sugar, the most important finding in poorly controlled Type 1 or Type 2 diabetes, is one of the most significant factors involved in poor wound healing that leads to amputation and other surgical interventions.

High blood sugar levels lead to reduced activity of the immune system, according to the National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases. With this particular decreased activity, the body becomes vulnerable to the attacks of infectious microorganisms such as bacteria, viruses and fungal infections.

How can you improve wound healing if you have Type 2 diabetes?

1. Proper wound cleaning : If you have a wound, check with your doctor. He will advise you about the proper care and cleaning techniques to encourage better wound healing.

2. Infection contr ol : Infected non-healing wounds need antibiotic coverage to eliminate the possible infection-causing microbes proliferating within the actual wound itself.

3. Relieve possible mechanical stresses that add insult to the already-existing damage : Pressure and repetitive injury causes must be eliminated to prevent further insult to your already infected non-healing wound.

4. Apply the correct wound dressing : There is no such thing as a dressing that suits all wounds. However, a moist wound environment that is physiologically adequate promotes better tissue and skin repair. The correct dressing prerequisites further insult to the wound from the external environment … it brings further trauma, infection and contamination.

5. Control your blood sugar level : A normal blood sugar level can encourage the activity of white blood cells, the defenders of the human body against the possible attack of infection-causing microbes. The healthy activity of these defenders may improve and even speed up the tissue repair within the wound area.

Skin infections and wounds that can not be healed could lead to gangrene and extremely amputation of a foot or limb. You can prevent an amputation and other surgically related wound management even if you have Type 2 diabetes. Proper wound care coupled with good blood sugar control is the ultimate key for the prevention of poor and delayed wound healing.

Itchy Penis: What’s Happening Under Your Boxers

Have you ever been on a first date with an attractive partner only to find yourself thinking about one thing: how much your penis itches? If this is you, continue reading to find a few common causes of penis itchiness and a few remedies to heal that fiery burn. Penis health is so important, so thankfully, many of the causes of penile itching can be treated with a few lifestyle changes and normally do not include a trip to the emergency room unless the itchiness is presented with other symptoms, such as swelling, blood in the urine or semen or pain.

1) Male Yeast Infections can cause a funky smell beneath your boxers, not to mention a mighty itch. Although male yeast infections are not as common as those in females, they are caused by the same Candida yeast. Candida is normally present on moist skin, but having sex with a partner who has a yeast infection can transmit the infection back and forth. Make sure to always wear protection in order to fend off any infections.

2) Pubic Lice causes massive penis irritation, as the insects leave tiny red bites that are itchy or painful. You’ll know if you have pubic lice by the very intense itching and looking through a magnifying mirror to find the little critters. If you find yourself feeing fatigued, irritable or have any pain in the genital area, seek medical treatment to get rid of the pubic lice.

3) Contact Dermatitis is a condition that causes red, itchy and irritated skin after the skin comes into contact with a new lotion, soap, fragrance or detergent. Contact dermatitis can be contracted extremely easily, which is why it is so prevalent and causes an itchy penis. You can get this by wearing gloves, certain condoms, other peoples’ jewelry, and chemicals in cosmetic products. In order to combat this, use hypoallergenic products and only use sensitive soaps or detergents on that delicate genital skin.

4) Molluscum Contagiosum is a common virus that is passed through skin or sexual contact. Sharing things with other people, even simple things like mats at the gym, towels, eye-makeup or toiletry items can transmit this virus from one human to another. Even though this is painless, and you won’t be uncomfortable, this virus presents small bumps on the affected area, which can cause itching, dryness and flakiness. Take the proper precautions by wearing gloves and be forewarned that scratching that itching the pesky bumps can lead to the infection spreading to surrounding skin and increased scarring. Keep those fingers off!

5) Smegma is normal but can be very gross. It is caused by the build-up of moisture, oil, and skin cells on the shaft of the penis. For uncircumcised penises, it is a common problem underneath the foreskin. Smegma causes a thick sour-smelling discharge and can also cause redness and irritation, leading to dryness and itchiness. In order to prevent or rid yourself of smegma and dry, flaky skin, make sure to properly clean the penis and pay close attention to the folds of the skin if you are uncircumcised.

Consider your condom choice when determining the cause of your penile itchiness. Latex and spermicides can cause irritation and allergic reactions, so make it a point to use hypoallergenic condoms to combat any sort of irritation from other substances.

Properly cleaning your genitals is the most important thing to do to combat an itchy penis. If you have foreskin, clean it by pulling it back and thoroughly cleaning the tip of your penis as well. After correctly washing the genital area, pat dry the genital area with a towel until it is completely dry. Then, moisturize your skin with a product made specifically for skin, like a penis health creme (health professionals recommend Man 1 Man Oil, which has been clinically proven safe and mild for skin). This particular health crème is a super weapon, containing vitamins and nutrients essential to the wellbeing of private area skin, like vitamin C, for collagen production, and Shea butter, which hydrates the skin leaving the area soft and smooth. Keep the penis skin clean, dry, and hydrated for optimal health.

Headache Home Remedies – Get Relief From Pain Naturally

Headache or cephalgia is a common ailment, and most of us suffer from headache at one time or another. Pain or ache in any part of the head, forehead or neck may collectively be referred to as headache. Headache may occur due to multiple causes, and depending upon the cause, headache may be classified in to primary headaches, secondary headaches and cranial neuralgia, facial ache and other types. Primary headaches are not associated with any disease. They spring on their own. Examples of primary headaches are migraine, tension headaches and cluster headache. Secondary headache is caused due to some major disease or ailment such as brain tumors, meningitis, encephalitis, and hemorrhage in brain, strokes, caffeine deficiency and discontinuation of analgesics. The third type, cranial neuralgia or facial pain, is caused due to the inflammation of nerves in the head and upper neck.

Causes

1. Emotional stress
2. Fatigue
3. Excessive smoking and alcohol intake
4. Hang-over
5. High blood pressure
6. Allergy
7. Constipation
8. Nutritional deficiency
9. Lack of sleep
10. Prolonged manual labor or physical stress
11. Cold and flu
12. Chronic cough
13. Ear infection
14. Tooth infection
15. Sinus infection and blockage
16. Pneumonia and fever
17. Mumps
18. Measles
19. Tonsillitis
20. Eye infection
21. Eye strain
22. Glaucoma
23. Bright light and loud sound
24. Traumatic injury
25. Strokes
26. Muscle contracting around the skull
27. Spinal tap or injection.

Home Remedies

1. Drinking of herbal teas such as chamomile or peppermint tea can treat headache.

2. Steam inhalation is an effective remedy for headache. It can do away with sinus blockage.

3. Drinking two tablespoon apple cider vinegar mixed with raw honey in a cup of water can cause headache to vanish quickly

4. Drinking a glass of warm water mixed with two tablespoon pure maple syrup and few drops of lemon juice and then immediately taking a nap can cure headache.

5. Placing henbane leaves on the head, and then covering it with a moist warm cloth can cause headache to disappear.

6. Usage of a warm poultice made of ginger powder can reduce headache. The poultice is to be placed on forehead.

7. Applying a paste of sandalwood on forehead can cure headache.

8. Consumption of grown coconut mixed with sugar can reduce headache.

9. A solution made out of half teaspoon mustard seed powder and three teaspoon water may be applied in the nostrils. This is an effective way of treating headache.

10. Intake of a teaspoon of Brewer's yeast daily can reduce headache due to iron deficiency.

11. Intake of freshly sliced ​​apples every morning is an effective cure for chronic headache.

12. Nasal irrigation is a way to clear nasal congestion and reduce headache.

13. Massaging head with the pressure of thumb and forefinger can tie headache.

14. Soaking feet in lukewarm water and placing a cold towel on forehead can less headache.

Does Stuttering Have Something to Do With Intelligence?

Does stuttering have something to do with intelligence? This is one of the most ellogical questions occupying the minds of most of the non-stutterers. And the answer to such a question is a definite no. Stuttering is only a speech hindering disorder which causes the sufferers to stammer when they speak. Being a speech disorder, stuttering has no connection whatsever to intelligence and intellect. Although some may argue that the neural patterns of stutterers differ from those of non-stutterers, the neurons are responsible for hearing and speech are in no way related to the neurons liable for intelligence.

The notion of comparing stuttering to intelligence is in itself erroneous because the intelligence of a person is measured through the IQ or Intelligence Quotient. The IQ of a person depends large on the ability of a person to help new things and learn stuff quickly. But the neurons responsible for determining one's IQ is present in the frontal cortex whereas the ones responsible for hearing and speech are present at the posterior and this clearly shows that one can in no way affect the other.

Although scientifically there is no connection between intelligence and stuttering, the intelligence of a stuttering individual can deteriorate because of the problem. This is largely based on how the stuttering kids were treated in their surroundings. Stutterers are generally made fun of and are never given a chance to show their prowess. Although the society considers them to be disabled in a way, it denies them the compassion which is usually shown towards disabled people. Where concessions are made for other disabled, the stutterers are either given the concessions nor are they treated with concern and even worse are the taunts pointed at them.

Even though some stutterers have been able to successfully overtake the taunts and displayed their intelligence, they have not been able to showcase their abilities because of the society's indifference to them. On top of that, the society has created a view around them depicting them as a dull lot, giving the world an impression that they are not as intelligent as other people. But one proving point to show that there can be no link between stuttering and intelligence is the number of famous successful people including Sir Winston Churchill, King George VI, etc., who have provoked their astuteness in spite of their stutter.

What You Need to Know About Shingles Symptoms

Shingles is a common disease in adults that frequently manifests as an awful and painful rash. The very first signs of shingles are a flaming or itchy pain inside or under the skin as felt by the patient. It may sometimes be associated with numbness.

Other common symptoms of shingles vary from fever to chilliness with a troubled stomach and head. The pain caused by shingles is sometimes meek and sometimes strong. Different people describe different feelings associated with shingles pain. The blazing feel in the affected area may sometimes join the killing pain. When 2 to 4 days pass with the early symptoms of shingles, a rash of tiny fluid filled blisters suggesting chickenpox, seen on the skin of the patient. The skin color also changes from its natural color to red.

Within 3 to 5 days the blisters turn up influentially making the situation worse. The eruption or blisters are typically limited to a specific band which is known as dermatome. These blisters may span one side of the box, around the waistline or may simply gather on a side of the face. Distribution of the shingles is an indication that will tell where the chickenpox virus is hiding. This virus may be present there since the start of the infection. The trunk and the face affect the most with comparison to the other parts of the body. In some remote cases the lower part of the body may also get affected.

The open arching takes 7 to 14 days from the date of blisters blow up to form outer layer on the skin. It may take further 14 days or so to get relief from the sores caused by the eruption of the blisters. The pain associated with it may be there for months and in some rare cases even for years! As the time passes, the immune system of the body improves to fight shingles and the symptoms of shingle recover. This is normal in most of the cases.

There may be cases where shingles complications happen. One of the most common complications is postherpetic neuralgia. When pain persists in the affected area even after the shingles healed is called posttherpetic neuralgia. It is important to see your physician if you have any of these symptoms.

Nearsightedness (Myopia) Is Not a Life Sentence – Get Your Vision Back in Natural Ways

It is commonly believed that nearsightedness (myopia) is caused by over working our eyes at near distance objects for a lengthy period, such as reading, writing, stitching, working on the computer. By over doing our eyes in the above manner, the eye muscles are forced to contract for a long period of time. In order to focus up close on these tasks, the eye muscles must contract for a length of time. Over time, the eyeball is slightly longer and flatter than the lens requires. As a result, light entering a myopic eye converges just before the retina (where the image is formed) and the resulting vision is blurred and out of focus.

Research shows that nearsightedness may not be determined by genetic factors alone, but habit, life style and the environment may also play a significant role.

Optometrists traditionally treat nearsightedness, with glasses or contact lenses, which do not cure the eye impairment, on the contrary it has been known that they may worsen the problem.

In the hands of a laser eye surgeon, patients are usually offered to undergo eye surgery which has its own risk and is very expensive.

The good news is there are better and effective options to treat nearsightedness and give you the chance to put away your glasses for good and have a carefree life. Your eyes are too beautiful to be hidden behind thick glasses. With this method you do not need to spend thousands of dollars to undergo surgery treatment.

Modern treatment of nearsightedness now include a method of reducing near-point stress. The most important thing is not to wear distance glasses for reading, because these usually increase near-point stress and make the myopia worse. This method is widely known helping thousand pair of eyes to regain normal condition.

Low Myopia

If you're developing myopia at early stage, it may be possible to return to normal or near-normal vision quite easily. We suggest you do not wear corrective lenses or wear them as little as possible, provided its safe to do so. Exercise daily as recommended to increase your natural focusing power.

Medium to High Myopia

Practice eye exercises to trigger the brain's ability to control eye alignment, eye tracking and eye teaming, eye abilities, eye movements and visual processing. Master them well to acquire new vision skill. After that you will need you will need other visual program to strengthen you vision permanently.

Of course, the amount of improvement varies from person to person but the important thing is that your vision will get better gradually instead of steadily getting worse. And when you feel the new power in your eyes and see your world becoming clearer, you'll never want to go back to your glasses.

Here are basic exercises to help to improve nearsightedness:

Palming:

Cover you eyes (no pressure on the eyes), place your fingertips at hairline and put your fingers overlapped. Your elbows should rest on table or pillows placed on your lap. Close your eyes, relax and let your mind go as far as possible and keep breathing.

Swinging:

Rotate your body from left to right and back, turn on your waist. Eyes, torso and head move together. Do not look at anything as you swing; concentrate your movement only.

Sunning:

Go outside and enjoy the sun in the morning or late afternoon. Close your eyes and relax. Let the sun shine onto your lids then sway back and fort. Do not look directly at the sun.

Allow the warmth of the sun to penetrate deeply into your eyes and forehead. Keep breathing.

By following the above steps, you are in the process of improving your nearsightedness. Practice them everyday, and complete the process with other useful therapy and, you will gradually need to use weaker set of lenses.

Toenail Fungus Remedies FAQ

Nail fungus infection is not life threatening but can cause social stigma and pain. Defirmed nails are embarrassing and serves as entry point for other infections. Curing the infection takes months, and treatments can be a hit or miss deal. Here are some basic facts about nail fungus and toenail fungus remedies as reference in finding the right cure.

  1. What is toenail fungus? And what types of toenail fungus are there? Toenail fungus or Onychomychosis is an infection that happens when the dermatophyte fungus invades the nail. This is not the same type that causes athlete's foot or jock itch although some dermatophytes and non-dermatophytes such as yeast and molds attack the nails as well, given the right circumstances. There are four classifications of toenail fungus, white superficial, distal or lateral subungual, proximal subungual and candidal. White superficial is caused by Trichophyton interdigitale fungus and attacks the surface of the nail. Distal or lateral subungual infection starts when the fungus moves from point of entry towards the center, traveling parallel from the sides or edges of the nail. This bug is caused by Trichophyton rubrum. Proximal subungual is a marker for those that are suspected of HIV infection, also by Trichophyton rubrum. This fungus enters through the proximal fold, near the cuticle of the nail. Lastly Candidal or yeast nail infection, nail damage through trauma or injury, yeast infections on other parts of the body and hands soaked in water for long periods are circumstances that yeast can invade the nail.
  2. What is scraping and debridement? How does it help against the infection? Scraping and degradation are procedures usually done by podiatrists, have two purposes. Scraping and degradation are done to expose and take out the infection as much as possible and serve as a specimen of fungus culture for laboratory testing. Cutting and filling down infected nail especially when it has thickened is almost the same as scraping and degrading with the purpose of exposing and getting rid of parts of the infection as much as possible for the nail to receive the toenail fungus remedies effectively.
  3. Why missing a treatment can lead to reinfection? Missing treatments may lead to reinfection because the fungus is hard to reach, not all of the fungus is eliminated at one time. Reinfection is possible when missing treatments due to the fact that fungal growth is constant as long as prevailing conditions are there. Toenail fungus remedies prevent these conditions from occurring, stop growth and kill the fungus in parts.
  4. How do I know the growing nail will not be infected? No one can tell, not even the doctors, if the growing nail will not be infected. The only solution to this is prevention, do not skip treatments; keep feet and nails clean and dry all the time; keep all items like towels, shoes and socks clean and dry; and avoid manicures or pedicures. Podiatrists believe that un-sanitized clippers or pushers are not the only culprits in spreading the infection but the whole cleaning process, example; pushing back the cuticles or cutting of the sides Leave the nails vulnerable to infection because fungi are spores are everywhere in the environment. Use natural toenail fungus remedies that preserves and condition the growing nail. These toenail fungus remedies contain essential oils that are proven to condition nails while eliminating the fungus.

What is a Puncture Wound and How to Heal it Fast

First, let's look at what is a puncture wound. A puncture wound is any wound that breaks your skin by something that is sharp, thin and pointed. Examples of instruments that are the cause of puncture wounds include:

  • pins, needles, including vaccinations
  • teeth, so bites especially of insects
  • thorns
  • slivers of broken glass

This morning, I was weaving the garden and I suddenly felt a sharp pain in the heel of my hand. I saw a tiny sliver of what looked like the hair of a plant. But the pain was sharp and quite intense. Not enough to make me take any immediate action, but enough to wonder what it was. It certainly was not the hair from a plant.

About an hour later, the pain was getting worse, but now the area was red and looked as if it was spreading up my arm.

Time for action!

I took a dose of the homeopathic medicine Ledum. Nothing really happened for about 15 minutes. Then I forgot about it. It was only when a patient was regaling her successes from using her homeopathic first aid kit, that I suddenly remembered.

There was no sign that it had ever happened. No pain, no redness.

Had I left it longer, more doses than just one, would have been needed. Nipping things in the bud is always a good way to go. This is possible if you keep a homeopathic first aid kit handy at all times. You never know when you'll need it.

When using homeopathic medicines successfully, it is very helpful, although not essential, to know what the cause of the problem was. By knowing what a puncture wound is, you can then select the best medicine for it. Ledum is the number one homeopathic medicine for dealing effectively with recent puncture wounds.

The Benefits of Blending Ginkgo and Gotu Kola

Each of these two world renowned herbs are often use together with enhanced effects as a powerful brain tonic. Ginkgo Biloba benefits include circulatory and memory augmentation which works perfectly alongside Gotu kola benefits as a brain booster and nervous system relaxer. Certain medicinal extracts are now available that combined the two healing properties of both these amazing herbs.

Benefits of Ginkgo and Gotu Kola Herbal Extracts:

Increases blood flow to the brain

Promotes longevity and anti-aging effects

Protects the brain against dangerous free radicals

Advances capillary utilization

Gives the brain the ability to handle stress more effectively

The uses Gotu kola (Centella asiatica) have been used as medicine since prehistoric times in India and in the science of Ayurveda. It was used both internally and externally in Indonesia, with its known effects to heal wounds and relieve leprosy.

Ginkgo Biloba can be traced back to ancient China and the traditions of using ginkgo to treat the brain and alleviate symptoms of coughs and allergies. Standardized extracts are still used widely today in medical establishments in France and Germany.

In China it is one of the reported “miracle elixirs of life”. Gotu kola extract holds the reputation as an herb that promotes longevity. This stems from the report of Chinese herbalist Li Ching Yun, who lived to be 256 years of age. Li Ching Yun’s longevity was supposedly a result of his regular use of an herbal mixture chiefly composed of Gotu kola.

The brain requires basically two things to provide energy: glucose and oxygen. A Ginkgo Biloba extract is extraordinary in its ability to prevent metabolic disturbances in the experimental models of insufficient blood supply to the brain. This is achieved by an enhanced utilization of oxygen and an increased cellular uptake of glucose, thus restoring energy production.

Gotu kola or is an herbaceous perennial plant native to Asian and Indonesia. This viney, creeping plant flourishes in and around water, although it grows best in damp, swampy areas. Gotu kola is often found growing along stone walls or other rocky, sunny areas at elevations of approximately 2,000 feet in regions of the world.

It is also beneficial to:

Cellulite

Wound healing

Mental function

Varicose veins

Scleroderma

The primary active constituents of Gotu kola are known to be the triterpenoid compounds. Its extracts were incorporated into the Indian pharmacopeia, where it was recommended for treatment of various skin conditions such as lupus, varicose ulcers, eczema and psoriasis. It was also used to treat diarrhea, fever, amenorrhea, and diseases of the female urinary tract.

Why They Are Good For The Brain

A significant increase in the mental abilities in a number of case studies using Gotu kola benefits has been reported. It’s triterpenes have demonstrated mild tranquilizing, anti-stress and anti-anxiety action via enhancement of cholinergic mechanisms. Presumably this mechanism is responsible for the enhancement of mental function as well.

Ginkgo Biloba benefits the brain include membrane stabilization, free radical scavenging, and antioxidant advantages. It is a most effective inhibitor of lipid per-oxidation of cellular membranes. This results in the health enhancement of brain and nerve cells to function optimally.

Both Ginkgo Biloba extract and Gotu kola are well tolerated when taken orally. They work well together and seem to promote and increase the healing properties of one another.

Craniosacral Therapy and Head Shaking Syndrome in Horses

I was out in Chesapeake the other day working on a gorgeous thoroughbred horse, a grandson of Secretariat, who had the unmistakable look of Nasrullah in his eye. He was well over 17 hands and put together nicely. He nearly walked over 3’6″ fences I was told. But, he was being plagued by a condition known as Head Shaking, which some have said is Trigeminal Neuralgia.  

Headshaking syndrome in horses is a perplexing challenge. It is found all over the planet, I am told it is mostly seasonal, and afflicts mainly geldings who are over 10. Well, that would fit the bill perfectly for Charlie. It is characterized predominantly by vertical head tossing or flicking and muzzle irritation observed as rubbing on objects and sneezing but the cause is actually unknown.

If Charlie is suffering from Trigeminal neuralgia, then he may have to deal with sudden bursts of facial pain. The current opinion is now in favor of a neurovascular conflict: an artery that has an offending contact with the trigeminal nerve root.  Trigeminal neuralgia is diagnosed as having pain with distribution along one or more of the trigeminal nerves, the pain is sudden, intense, precipitated by triggers, has periods of remission, no neurological deficits and all other causes have been excluded. I worked with humans who have been afflicted by this condition and I can tell you there is a great deal of suffering.

There is an assumption now in the medical field that a horse that is suffering from head-shaking syndrome is having the same syndrome cluster-tic syndrome that my patients have. The good news is that one session of craniosacral therapy totally relieved Charlie of the syndrome. Now it may not “hold”. But, I believe we are on the right path. Consider craniosacral therapy for your horse. http://www.lyonsinstitute.com/equinemassage.html

Find Treatments for Toe Nail Fungus

The growth of fungus in your toe nail can be the most disgusting thing that can ever happen to you. It creates a feeling of itchiness. Moreover, it can be the whole cause of your shame. Neverheless, you can certainly find treatment for toe nail fungus.

There are many ways on how you can solve your problem. If it is not really serious or simply mild, you can simply avoid seeing a doctor and make your own solution. There are several topical treatments that you can buy over the counter. They are also very cheap, so you do not have to be worried too much about the costs. Moreover, topical ointments and drugs do not pose any serious health problems because they do not have major side effects.

You can also find treatment for toe nail fungus right at your own home. You can use a mixture of tea tree oil as well as vinegar. You can also make use of pure oregano oil. However, you should remember that the effects of these home-made remedies may differ from person to person. Others may find them real effective while some need to complement them with anti-fungal drugs.

Needless, to say it is very important that you practice diligence and patience when you are treating yourself with toe nail fungus. This is because results do not come overnight. You also need to talk to your doctor too if you are trying to find treatment for toe nail fungus [http://cure-athletes-foot-permanently.blogspot.com/2007/09/cure-athletes-foot.html]. He can give you the best type of prescription drug and advice on how to deal with the infection.

What is Prenatal Stroke?

Meaning of prenatal stroke:

Strokes which occurs in an infant 5 months before birth and 1 month after birth is known as prenatal stroke. Sometimes this may ensue in childhood epilepsy. Research is being contracted so that strokes in infants can be detected at an early stage which would make treatment possible and reduce the damage.

How is Prenatal Stroke connected to Epilepsy?

An enduring damage to the brain as an outcome of a stroke leads to repeated seizures which is known as epilepsy. 5 months before birth and 1 month after birth strokes is the most usual reason for prenatal seizures in infections. Around 17% of the infants who get prenatal raptures suffer from strokes.

Reasons of stroke prior to birth:

The different causes of stroke prior to birth are as follows:

o Pore cephalic vesicles:
Pore ​​cephalic vesicles are uncommon liquid packed caves which can be seen in the brain of some babies. These cavities block the flow of blood to a particular region of the brain which results in stroke.

o Blood curdles:
Formation of blood curdles results when more than two or at least two babies carve up in the same womb, and one dies before birth. The dead baby turns out to form dead tissue and this is taken in again and moves inside the placenta resulting in a stroke to the unborn baby which is alive.

o Cramps of the blood vessels which helps in carrying blood to the baby's brain:
If a to-mother mother uses cocaine or amphetamines when she is carrying then cramps of blood vessels occurs in the baby.

o Exuberant hemorrhage in delivery:
When there is trouble in delivery and a huge quantity of blood is lost then the mother gets low blood pressure. The pressure becomes so low that the required of blood can not be pumped to the brain of the baby. These results in ischemic stroke in the baby due to local anesthesia given to the mother.

Reasons of stroke after birth:

The different causes of stroke after birth are as follows:

o Irregularities in the composition of the heart:
When the composition of the heart is irregular then blood clots are formed. These clots are transmitted to the brain and results in stroke.

o Result of infectious endocarditic:
A tiny pellet from bacteria which infects the valves of the heart gets transmitted to the brain resulting in strokes.

o Abnormal antibodies in mother:
Antiphospholipid in the mother effects the formation of blood clot resulting in stroke in the baby.

o Polygenic disorder in the mother can also incidence stroke in the baby.

o Suffering during birth also results in strokes.

o When an operation is connected in the baby to set right a defect in its heart also may result in stroke in the baby.

Vaccinations – 5 Vaccinations Everyone Should Have

Any disease that can ravage and kill a population is one that we should do everything we can to prevent. Unfortunately, we often do not do it until after the damage is done … if even then. Here are a few of the diseases you may want to protect yourself against. Many diseases are harder on adults than on children.

1) Measles : There are several risk factors if you contract measles. One you may not have thought of is blindness. This disease can rob you of vision, even if you take the precaution of not using them while you are ill. The best hope for preventing much damage is to stay in a dimly lit room without television, books or any other visual means of amusement, usually for quite some time. The second risk factor is worse … it can kill you.

2) Rubella : This is also called German measles and three day measles, though the two are not related. It is usually a mild disease, a slight rash and a touch of fever being the main symptoms. The problem is catching it during pregnancy. If it is done during pregnancy … especially the first trimester … it can cause miscarriage and serious birth defects. It is also very easily transmitted.

3) Polio : I may be a bit premature in suggesting you update your polio vaccines, but I have good reasons. Several areas, including parts of Eastern Europe and Africa are having serious problems with the disease. Those areas are a long way from the US, but all it takes is one or two people on an airplane under the right circumstances and that problem will be transmitted to us. This is such a devastating disease, getting protection is a small price to pay.

4) Tetanus : This disease has become so rare in the US that many doctors have never seen a case. This makes diagnosis difficult and often too late. While it typically is transmitted by something causing a puncture wound, that wound may not be noticed … once again until it is too late.

5) Whooping Cough : This disease is easier on adults and older children who catch it, but it is by no means a picnic even then. The cough comes from deep in the lungs and can make the muscles in the area very tender.

What's worse is if an infant catches it. They are not strong enough for the intense coughing episodes and die painfully within a short time of catching it. It is considered epidemiological in several states, and protecting our children should be an imperative.

There is good news. You do not have to have five shots to be protected, just two. TDAP will cover tetanus, diphtheria and whooping cough and the MMR will cover measles, mumps and rubella. Talk to your doctor about these immunizations and ask if there are others recommended in your area. It is much better to be safe than sorry.

Insulin Delivery Systems – The Needle, the Pen and the Pump

Insulin is the lifesaver of a type 1 diabetic. Some with type 2 also depends on this hormone to regulate their skyrocketing blood sugar levels. There are techniques to deliver the needed insulin into your body. It can be injected using a fine gauge needle with an insulin syringe. Or, it can be delivered utilizing an insulin pen which is actually a cartridge pre-filled with the medication. The other technique is through a pump system attached outside the body.

The Needle Technique

This technique deliveries insulin in individual doses and is injected subcutaneously. You use a fine gauged needle and a syringe with specially marked increments in International Units.

Most diabetics know this technique. After washing your hand, mix the insulin by gently rolling between your hands or by turning the bottle slowly up and down. Clean the rubber stopper with alcohol, pull the plunger back to the number of insulin needed, push the needle through the rubber stopper and push the plunger, leaving the needle and bottle upside down. The tip of the needle should be in the insulin and then extract the right amount of the hormone.

Select the site, pinch the skin to a mound, insert the needle into your skin at a 90 degree angle and then push the plunger slowly down until all the insulin is injected. Then release the pinched skin, wait for some seconds and pull out the needle.

There are two types of insulin therapy that uses the needle technique the conventional and the intensive which is also called flexible insulin regimen.

Conventional insulin therapy uses the rapid- or intermediate-acting. Usually, it is injected twice or thrice daily. Meals are scheduled to match the anticipated peaks of insulin profiles. Frequent blood glucose measurements are not done. This method is still in use for a small proportion of cases. There is less needle pricks than the intensive insulin regimen.

Intensive insulin therapy increases the insulin injections to four or more injections a day. Mealtimes are not as rigid scheduled but can be flexible with variable carbohydrates choices and physical activities.

Obviously, you'll be using as much as 1,400 needle stick a year. There is the inconvenience of injecting insulin multiple times daily and you have to find a time and place for your insulin injection wherever you may be.

Blood glucose levels are not well controlled in both the conventional and intensive therapy.

The Pen Technique

The pen is a more convenient insulin delivery system. The disposable needle is attached to pen which is actually a cartridge pre-filled with insulin and a dial to measure insulin dose.

The method of using an insulin pen is simple: screw on an unused pen needle, prime the pen to remove any air from the needle, turn the dial to the number of units needed, make a mound in the skin, inset the needle, press the button on the end of the pen to inject the insulin. Count to five and remove the needle straight out.

Obviously, this system is more convenient that the needle technique. It delivers a more accurate dosage with better patient compliance. Different makes of pens are especially suited for older adults, adolescents, children and pregnant women. The insulin needles are smaller and results in less pain.

The Pump

An insulin pump consists of a small tank of insulin about the size of a cellphone worn outside the body such as on your abdomen, back, leg or arm. A tiny catheter inserted under the skin is connected to a tube joined to this reservoir of insulin. The insulin pump is programmed by a wireless device.

Pumps deliver insulin in three ways namely: through basal rate, bolus and correction. It supplies small increments of rapid- or short-acting insulin to the body over a 24 hour period and is termed the basal rate. This replaces the need for a long-acting insulin shot that has to be administrated twice daily and roughly accounts for 50 percent of a your daily insulin requirement. The boluses are insulin injections administrated by the pump for the carbs you eat at meal times while the correction is to adjust the pre-meal insulin bolus for glucose values ​​outside of your blood glucose target range. The basal rates comes as low as 0.025 units per hour and the bolus rates of 0.1 unit doses.

The advantage of the pump is it improves blood glucose control by calculating individualized basal rates. It affords you convenience so that your mealimes should not be rigidly scheduled. It also gives you the freedom to choose what to eat.

Additionally, the pump delivers a special meal bolus in the event of delays in absorption of some foods. Thus, large swings of blood glucose levels are avoided and less frequency of hypoglycemia even at night.

On the down side, a pump can malfunction.it can deliver too little or too much insulin. Since the pump only utilizes rapid-acting insulin, if the pump fails or too little is pumped out you might be at risk for ketoacidosis.

It sounds good to use a pump but it is expensive. With the additional cost of insulin pump supplies replacement and other diabetic supplies most diabetics can not afford it.

As with the needle and the pen, you've still got to test your blood sugar levels and have a bolus before meals and check your blood sugar levels before meals and at bedtime.

Your Choice

Choosing the best for you depends on many factors such as convenience and comfort; acceptance and knowledge on the mechanisms of its use; how controlled your blood sugar level is; support and guidance from your health care provider; and costs and your lifestyle.

Some would opt to use the needle while some would send praises to the pump and some would stick to their pens.

Interesting Facts About Gwalior

Gwalior is known for its forts and monuments that are built by the kings of the bygone era. Situated in the Indian State of Madhya Pradesh, the city is a favorite destination for tourists from all around the world. Foreign tourists who plan a visit to India always include this city in their itinerary. The city bears a strong historical legacy which is quite a fascinating fact about Gwalior. The forts and monuments are so huge that leaves you gaping just by looking at it! Let’s have a look into more of the varied facts and the history of this beautiful city.

Legend has it that the king of this region suffered from the deadly disease of Leprosy. He was poised to die because there was no cure for the disease in those days. At this crucial juncture, a sage arrives to the kingdom and knowing the misery that has befallen the king, changes his name and cures him. Delighted by the sage, the king renamed the kingdom as Gwalior. Another interesting fact about Gwalior is the number of forts built by the king that shows the strong resilient nature of the people in those days.

Gwalior has quite a number of tourist attractions. The Gwalior Fort is such a magnificent structure which stands at a height of 35 feet and is about 2 miles in length. Another fascinating fact about Gwalior is that it houses an archeological museum which has a collection of rare artifacts and specimens and even has the king’s possessions. The Suraj Kund Building built in the 15th century attracts with its grandeur and magnificence. The memorial of Tansen, the great musician under Akbar’s rule is also located in Gwalior. The city is a historian’s delight.

Airports and railway stations are located in the city itself and transportation is not an issue over here. An interesting fact about Gwalior is the Tansen music festival, celebrated annually in the months of November and December. The festival is a major cultural event comprising of performances from eminent dancers and musicians. Gwalior has a pleasant climate from the months of October to March. The tomb of Mohammad Ghaus, a saint of the Islamic faith dating back to the 16th century is also located here. The local people are quite gritty and resilient in nature, but they are friendly too. If you want a date with history, you can have an exciting time at this place.