Penile Oddities: What Is Happening to My Junk?

Men in general are as familiar with their junk as they are with the back of their hand, and they rely on it to work properly and stay healthy and wholesome. However, occasionally, penile oddities may crop up that are a cause for concern. In most cases, these are not serious, but knowing what is happening can both prevent panic and help a man to determine whether treatment is warranted. Here are just some of the environmental and psychological factors can play a part in a guy’s penile health.

1) Shy bladder. This issue is something that many people struggle with, especially men. Also referred to as avoidant paruresis or psychogenic urinary retention, it refers to a condition in which a person is unable to urinate in the presence of others (e.g., in a public restroom). In mild cases, shy bladder, or paruresis, happens only occasionally; in other instances, it can be an ongoing problem. If you have trouble peeing surrounded by other men, using a stall instead of a urinal may help. If you are experiencing significant anxiety with urinating, to the point that it is affecting your day to day life, seek professional treatment. This may start with a visit to a urologist, but in many instances, psychotherapy to address the underlying cause is the most appropriate form of treatment.

2) Penile shrinkage. The idea of a shrinking member sounds like the stuff of nightmares, but it can actually happen in real life, and unlike the spontaneous shrinkage that might happen in an anxiety dream, there is generally a rational explanation. Shrinking of the manhood is more common in older men, especially those who are overweight. During aging, fatty deposits can build up in the arteries, effectively reducing the journey of blood flow to the penis. This will cause smaller, less firm erections. Excess body fat can also engulf the penile tissue, making it appear smaller, although the actual size does not change. On the other hand, smoking can damage the tissue to the point where it does actually shrink, sometimes up to a centimeter or more in length! If that’s not a good enough reason to snuff the butts… !

3) Bladder stones. These painful little objects are hard masses of minerals that can develop in the bladder when the minerals in urine crystallize. This happens often if a man cannot fully empty his bladder due to a health issue or surgery. Symptoms can range from very serious abdominal pain to blood in your urine, although in some cases, they don’t cause any pain. In order to be diagnosed with bladder stones, you will need a physical exam, urinalysis or ultrasound. Treatment typically involves inserting a rigid tube into the urethra and breaking up the stones with a laser, after which the fragments are washed out in the urine.

4) Varicoceles. This condition involves an enlargement of the veins in the scrotum, similar to varicose veins in the legs. They may not cause direct pain, but if the veins are severely enlarged, they can cause the testicles to swell, leading to discomfort. Varicoceles are common causes of low sperm count, production and quality, and they can even effect testicle growth and development. For pain or discomfort, men can take ibuprofen to reduce the swelling. The most common treatment for varicoceles is surgery.

5) Ejaculation disorders. Ejaculatory issues such as premature or delayed ejaculation can wreak havoc on a man’s sex life and on his relationships. Premature ejaculation is often caused by an underlying psychological problem such as anxiety; delayed ejaculation may be due to psychological concerns, as well, or can be caused by medications or certain medical conditions. Medical treatment with a trained urologist or psychotherapy can address these problems.

6) Erectile dysfunction. Most men will experience occasional ED, which can have a profound effect on their sex life, their relationships and their self-esteem. Erectile dysfunction is particularly common in older men, but those who smoke have a higher likelihood of experiencing issues with their penis later in life. Other common causes for erectile dysfunction are heart disease, diabetes, obesity, Parkinson’s disease, atherosclerosis, high blood pressure and high cholesterol. Keep your heart and lungs healthy by eating right, exercising, avoiding alcohol and cigarettes, and taking your vitamins.

When unusual penile symptoms do occur, it’s important to seek appropriate treatment and to follow the recommendations of your health care provider. But everyday care can go a long way toward preventing abnormalities and promoting overall health and wellness. To keep the penis in good form, be sure to wash every day with a mild cleanser. While bathing, use the opportunity to check over the skin for any unusual spots, rashes, lumps or bumps. After properly cleansing the area, pat dry and make sure to moisturize the skin with a penis health creme (health professionals recommend Man 1 Man Oil, which has been clinically proven safe and mild for skin). This particular health crème is a super weapon, containing vitamins and nutrients essential to the wellbeing of penis skin, like vitamin C, for collagen production, and Shea butter, which hydrates the skin leaving the area soft and smooth. Keep the penis skin clean, dry, and hydrated for optimal health.

Tamiflu – A New Approved Flu Treatment and Prevention Medication

What is Tamiflu?

Tamiflu (oseltamivir) is an anti-viral medication that is used for the treatment and prevention of influenza (flu virus), including avian influenza (bird flu). Available in both tablet form and as a suspension, Tamiflu can be given to adults and children more than 1year of age who present with flu symptoms. But, Tamiflu is known to work effectively when the flu treatment is initiated within two days of the first onset of symptoms. In addition, Tamiflu can be used as a preventive treatment also.

For adults and adolescents 13 years or older, the recommended oral dose is 75mg oseltamivir twice daily, for 5 days. For children one year or older, Tamiflu oral suspension is available. Children with body weight of 40 kg and above may be prescribed the adult dosage of 75mg twice daily for 5 days. Tamiflu:

• Can ease ailments that accompany flu (like weakness, cough, headache, fever, sore throat)

• Could prevent the flu onset even if the patient has been exposed to someone who suffers from it

Tamiflu works by inhibiting the neuraminidase enzyme that stops the spread of the virus to other cells in the body. Tamiflu is available for the treatment of influenza in more than 80 countries worldwide.

Who should buy Tamiflu?

People who are eligible to take Tamiflu are:

• People who do not have any kidney disease, liver disease, viral infections besides influenza A / B, heart problems, lung problems or any other chronic or serious illnesses

• Pregnant mothers should not use Tamiflu

• As it is not known whether Tamiflu passes into breast milk, it cannot be used by nursing mothers

• Infants above the age of one year

• People who complain of uncomplicated acute illness due to influenza infection and show symptoms for no more than 2 days

What is the correct dosage of Tamiflu?

In the case of the influenza treatment, the correct dosage of Tamiflu is:

• One 75mg capsule twice a day for 5 days

• One 30-75mg capsule, depending on body weight, for children twice a day for 5 days (The correct dose of the drug for children should be set by a pediatrician)

In the case of influenza’s prophylactic treatment, the dosage is:

• One 75mg capsule of Tamiflu for adults once a day for 7 days

• The correct dose of the drug for children should be set by a pediatrician

For children 1 year or older or for adults who can’t swallow a Tamiflu capsule, Tamiflu oral suspension can be taken. If Tamiflu overdose is suspected, medical attention must be sought immediately. In addition, Tamiflu doses should not be missed. If a dose is missed, it should be taken as soon as possible, provided that it is not about time for the next Tamiflu dose. Do not double dose on Tamiflu, that is, two doses of the drug separated by less than 2 hours from one another.

How effective is Tamiflu for Influenza?

Tamiflu (oseltamivir) considerably reduces illness severity and duration in children one year and older, particularly if they are medicated within 24 hours of the onset of symptoms. In addition, Tamiflu is known to reduce the incidence of respiratory tract infections, ear infections and antibiotic use. Moreover, Tamiflu (oseltamivir) capsules are now available in 30mg and 45mg doses, especially for children.

Children tend to be major carriers of the influenza virus as they have limited pre-existing immunity, often spend time in groups and share germs easily. Tamiflu can reassuringly be used for the management of influenza in children as young as one year old. In clinical studies, Tamiflu was well tolerated and did not increase the risk for neuropsychiatric adverse events.

Tamiflu when initiated within 48 hours of onset is known to:

• Reduce influenza severity by almost a third (29%)

• Reduce the duration of the illness by a quarter (26%)

Furthermore, new data reveals that if Tamiflu is taken within 24 hours of symptom onset:

• The influenza severity is halved (52%)

• Illness duration is reduced by a third (34%)00

• There was a 55% reduction in severe ear infections (otitis media)

• Reduced the incidence of secondary influenza infections by 55%

Where to buy Tamiflu?

Tamiflu can either be bought from an online source or from a conventional pharmacy near your home. In order to Buy Tamiflu from an internet pharmacy, the quantity and dose can be selected from a chart to make the purchase online. Before you Buy Tamiflu online make sure you first read through all of the product information, including drug side effects so that you can make an informed choice.

Since Tamiflu is a prescription medication, you will need to consult an online doctor, who will go through your medical history and then decide if you can take Tamiflu. Many websites offer Tamiflu online but it is not advisable to purchase it before proper medical approval.

Tamiflu has been proved to be the most effective drug for human consumption against the avian influenza that has afflicted a number of countries in south Asia.

How much does it cost?

Because of strict internet policies, we are not allowed to publish the prices of any prescription medication prior to an online consultation with one of our doctors. But we are equally confident that you will not find Tamiflu cheaper elsewhere in the UK.

Health Is Wealth – A Conceptual Critique

People have different preferences towards available life options. Same is true for the statement “health is wealth”. What exactly is it? A simple preference that signifies health is superior to wealth? Or a comprehensive statement that indicates health and wealth are linked with each other, systematically and dynamically?

Health is a comprehensive concept, it includes physical strength, mental power and spiritual-wellness of a person. On the other hand, wealth is the richness of a person i.e. abundance of money and worldly items. “Health is Wealth” is a simple statement but its meaning is so fabulous when deeply thought. People now a days refer the statement as when a person is healthy, he is capable of making wealth. On the contrary, if one is not healthy he/she cannot work productively, and hence won’t be able to generate income for independent living. This explanation is true but the deep meaning of this claim can be understood by the words of Virgil: “The greatest wealth is health.” Mr. Virgil is trying to enlighten the concept that the greatest wealth is health, not money or worldly items. There is nothing more valuable in our life than having a good health.

Patrick Meagher said: “Some people are so poor, all they have is money.” Nowadays people are influenced by wealth improperly that they don’t even care about their health, the greatest wealth. They don’t understand that without health there is no real happiness and enviable success. A person with poor health is unable to enjoy the pleasures of life. I think such people are foolish enough because they do not care about their health. Our first priority should be to maintain our health in the best way.

There are multiple methods and practices by which a person can stay healthy; Spending time in natural environment i.e. visiting parks and gardens. Physical exercise is also essential e.g. morning walks, playing sports, etc., it keeps a person smart and healthy. Water is the cure for all types of illness, so drink water to stay healthy and fit. Eating a balanced diet keeps people away from different illness and diseases. It is said that: “Early to bed and early to rise, makes a man healthy, wealthy and wise.” Abandon unhealthy practices and habits e.g. smoking, drinking and taking drugs because it harms internal parts of our body. Always be optimistic and cheerful because: “Laughter/smile is the best medicine.” On the contrary, an unhappy person is more prone to fatigue and other illness.

Remember, living a healthy life can be the greatest gift you can give yourself because one cannot enjoy life if he/she is unhealthy. In addition, we must not harm our health by running madly behind wealth. I would like to conclude my essay on the nice words of Mae West: “You only live once, but if you do it right, once is enough.”

Blindness in Cats – Five Common Causes of Feline Blindness

Cats naturally have superior vision. However, there are various conditions that can cause blindness in cats. Some of these conditions include hypertension, glaucoma, and cancer. Let’s take a look at some of these causes of feline blindness.

Hypertension

Hypertension, or high blood pressure, is one of the leading causes of blindness in cats. If left untreated, the pressure can cause the retina to rupture. This can occur in just a matter of days. Cats that have kidney disease, diabetes, or hyperthyroidism have the highest risk of developing hypertension.

An early sign that your cat is suffering from high blood pressure is the presence of dilated pupils. The pupils won’t respond to a change in light, and there also may be blood in your cat’s eye. Hypertension is dealt with by treating the underlying cause. Your cat may also need to start eating foods low in sodium.

Glaucoma

One of the next common causes of feline blindness is glaucoma. Glaucoma is a condition in which there is too much pressure within the eye. It is also a common problem for humans. If your cat is diagnosed in the early stages, the pressure may be reduced via medications. If it has already progressed, your cat may need surgery to correct the problem.

Cancer

Another cause of blindness in cats is cancer. Tumors can grow in or around the eye. In most cases, the eye will need to be surgically removed. However, it is usually replaced with a prosthetic eye to give a more natural look.

Atrophy

Progressive retinal atrophy is an untreatable condition that leads to feline blindness. Most cats suffer from this condition because they inherited it. The disease progresses slowly over time, but will lead to total blindness.

Kidney Disease

One of the final common causes is kidney disease. It is common for older cats to suffer problems like chronic renal failure as they age. Unfortunately, chronic renal failure leads to hypertension. As stated earlier, hypertension can easily cause sudden blindness in cats if the retina ruptures.

Dementia and Stroke

Dementia can be caused by stroke, too. Despite common-knowledge, dementia is not only borne from Alzheimer's Disease (AD) and is actually caused by many diseases, one of which is stroke.

Stroke remains the leading cause of long-term disability worldwide. Known as brain attack, stroke mostly affects the brain, which when damaged may lead to physical, functional, and mental disorders, one of which is dementia. Stroke triggers dementia when there is a high concentration of the blood protein ApoE4 who transports cholesterol in the blood. ApoE4 is also linked to cause Alzheimer's disease.

There are many kinds of dementia and the most common one is caused by Alzheimer's Disease. Stroke is also the second cause of dementia after Alzheimer. Aside from stroke, dementia can also be caused by frontotemporal disorders, parkinsonian, and lewy bodies. Each type of dementia has its own effects on the victim resulting to unique patters of behavioral changes.

The type of dementia is determined on which part of the brain is actually affected. But generally, dementia is a brain disorder in which multiple aspects of brain function are persistently compromised in way that interferes with the person's daily normal functions.

Dementia due to stroke or also called vascular / multi-infarct dementia, affects the patient through short-term memory loss, poor concentration, inattention, difficulty to follow instruction, confusion, poor judgment, psychosis, depression, mood and behavioral changes, easily lost in unfamiliar surroundings, and laughing or crying inappropriately.

Treatment of dementia involves enhancement of vascular health, slowing the progress of cognitive decline, and treating symptoms directly related to it such as medication, behavioral intervention, and surgery. Caregiving for stroke victims with dementia requires close attention and extended patience toped with empathy for the patient who is already undergoing a lot with out much of patient wanting it.

Stroke patients with dementia should be cared for by the caregiver by using distractions to control irritable behavior, using visuals to reorient the patient and avoid confusion, establishing a daily routine of activity, simplifying self-care tasks, and communicating with short simple sentences. In short, the caregiver's attitude and tactics are very important to ensure the stroke patient's recovery.

Since dementia appears over later time, it's a must that one is alert of any adverse behavioral changes in the stroke patient to ensure the patient getting immediate medical attention and treatment. A series of tests will be given to the stroke patient before they will be diagnosed of having dementia. A medical interview followed by a neuropsychological testing are tools that will be used to identify if a stroke patient really has vascular dementia.

Dementia can be caused by stroke over time, which heightens the need for caregivers to be aware of its symptoms to ensure appropriate attention is given in a timely manner. To avoid dementia, including NeuroAid at the early stages of a stroke patient's rehabilitation program will help protect neuronal and brain injuries on top of neurological functions recovery.

Learn to Kill Your Stutter

While it isn’t generally a speech problem that effect every body – a stammer is a massive problem for babies and children, teenagers and grownups today. A stammer can cause even the most confident person to avoid conversations with co-workers and friends and and avoid interacting with with other acquaintances for fear of embarrassment. In reality, a stutter can actually ruin anybody’s life.

Even though being cursed with a stammer truly is a terrible ailment and often a majorly perplexing affliction, the reality is, it’s easily achievable to get rid of a stutter. The fact is, it’s completely possible to totally quit stuttering and wave bye bye to stuttering for ever.

Now you may be thinking that this does sound too good to be true. Be that as it may the the whole truth (and nothing but the truth) is that, being cursed with a stutter is a completely psychological issue and an issue that can easily be fixed as long as the stem of the issue is revealed.

While it more than likely does seem like it, you’re not by yourself with this stammer. According to statistics somewhere near 1% of today’s population can’t stop stammering but the sad truth is only a tiny of this percentage of sufferers will really attempt to cure their stutter.

While that small minority of stutter sufferers who make the decision to kill their stammer will go on to live happy, fulfilled lives, the great majority of the sufferers who don’t end their stutter will drop further into the background, keeping off as much social enjoyment as is humanly possible.

Is the real solution to take stuttering therapy classes?

In truth, therapy is the answer – but this does not really need to mean private professional therapy. Having a stutter can be be easily remedied in as little as sixty minutes but since professional therapists are paid an hourly rate, this isn’t cost effective for them.

This isn’t to say that professional counsellors are actually avoiding trying to cure their patients in a sneaky attempt to boost their earnings but there is an element of truth to this idea. But, more important why do you need to spend hundreds (if not thousands) of dollars for private expensive therapy when you can quit stammering on your own.

Snoring in Pregnancy

If you have suddenly started snoring after conceiving, consider it a normal phase. Snoring is a normal phenomenon during pregnancy and most women snore during the 9 months phase. Usually the sudden episodes of snoring start during the last trimester during the end of the 6 weeks of pregnancy. The episodes of snoring can be of different levels ranging from mild noises to extreme high pitched snoring that needs immediate medical attention. It may be more of a nuisance to the sleep partner as the noise may be a constant disruption to the nightly rest.

Usually snoring during pregnancy may be just an irritability factor but in some cases, it may be a serious issue to worry about. It may be a good idea to discuss with your health care professional or physician to reduce the snoring levels or at least prevent the onset of other issues.

In many cases, most women were non snorers but after conceiving the sudden snoring is not welcomed. However, there may be a host of reasons contributing to the onset at this delicate time. Sinus and nasal congestions are the biggest contributors which add to the extra weight gain leading to snoring during this phase. However it is a minor or temporary discomfort and usually you stop snoring once the baby is delivered. It is in rare cases that snoring continues post delivery which may only be due to excess weight especially around the neck and throat region.

Snoring during pregnancy leads to sleep deprivation, fatigue and constant drowsiness which can be reduced by taking safe non snoring remedies. But before looking up for an effective anti snoring remedies, it is good to know what actually causes you to snore when pregnant. The inflammation in the nasal passages and extra layers of fat due to increasing weight adds to the condition. Nasal strips are good for those who snore through the nose, as the adhesive nasal strips allow for wider breathing passages helping you inhale and exhale freely limiting the snoring.

There are a few strips that can be put inside the nose but most people find such strips obtrusive. However, for mouth snorers, chin straps and throat sprays work well. The throat and nasal lubricating sprays work well on most snoring individuals as they tighten the throat muscles widen respiratory tracks using safe, non addictive natural elements such as eucalyptus, Evening Primrose, Lavender, Mint, Rosemary and peppermint. The crux is that with numerous anti snoring remedies available in the market today, there is no need to bear the noise any longer every night.

The side effect of snoring is not just the nightly disturbing noises, but habitual snoring leads to sleep deprivation and low oxygen levels to the brain. In most cases, snoring passes off and does not affect your health or your child’s but sometimes it needs medical attention to avoid further health complications.

Sleep apnea is a remote possibility for those women who are habitual snorers before pregnancy. For such individuals, getting a regular medical check up and talking to the doctor about snoring becomes important. Edema, inflammation and swelling can be related to snoring and low oxygen levels in the body. Some of the anti snoring products are just right at this stage.

Transformed By Gratitude

For the past few years since retirement, my parents spend half of the year in Vietnam and Australia. While in Vietnam, a portion of their time is spent visiting orphanages and facilities that house and care for the unwanted, the outcasts of society, the lame, and the diseased, left to institutions. I admire my parents; their mission is to live to give, and they have instilled those principles in our lives as well. If you have read "my story" you will understand why they have so much to be thankful for. Over the years, they have demonstrated gratefulness in many ways by being a blessing to others. We have watched them abide by the principle that it is more blessed to give then to receive. What an example to my siblings and me.

This last trip my parents bought pictures back of some of the institutions that they visited. I could barely look at the photos without shedding tears at seeing the living conditions. Several of the residence had missing limbs; arms, or legs, blind, and no opportunities to leave their stiff bamboo beds without someone dared to visit them and helped them off their beds. These people were so blessed by my parent's visit and generosity. The financial gift that they saved them was able to help provide for their basic everyday needs that they lacked due to their deteriorated conditions.

Seeing the photos and hearing their stories was a reminder to be grateful for the life that I have; the family, friends, health, and the daily provision that sometimes are taken for granted. Mom shared with me that this type of out casting is similar to that in Jesus' days when those who had the skin disease of leprosy had to live outside the villages because they were considered unclean.

During my reading time this morning in Luke, I came across a very powerful illustration about gratitude. Jesus was on His way to Jerusalem passing a village where there were ten men with leprosy who recognized Him from a distance. They also heard about how he performed great miracles. Leprosy is compared to Hansen's disease today. Leprosy is a bacteria disease that eats away the flesh, and often times fingers and toes or limbs may be lost due to the infections. During this time of history, anyone with this disease was sent off to a leper's colony away from society, away from people.

On this day, there were ten lepers that saw Jesus and tortured out to Him and asked Him to have mercy on them. Jesus immediately responded to them and told them to go show themselves to the priest. They must have thought to themselves, "What, how in the world will we be able to show ourselves in this condition?" You have to understand, in those days, a priest has to confirm if you are cleansed from leprosy or healed before allowing you to go back home or to be around other people. However, these men were still full of leprosy when Jesus cave them those instructions. Mind you, if they headed into town, they would probably be stoned or thrown out, but these guys were no dummies … if Jesus told them to go see the priest, and having heard about all the wonderful miracles he performed, they heeded His instructions, even if for a second they had their doubts. In their hearts they probably knew that Jesus was up to somethin '!

These ten lepers left and headed toward the pries and "as they went", they received their healing. They probably roled up their sleeves and saw that their sores disappeared. Jesus was aware of the law of leprosy and knew that if they acted on what He said; it was a demonstration of their or faith. For this reason, He told them to go show themselves to the priest, so he could confirm them cleansed from this disease. I bet they took off running and could not wait to tell the miracle. Jesus knew what he was doing, and knew that if they chose to go regardless of what they saw with their eyes, that before they arrived at their destination, they would be restored to health.

The story goes on to say that only one of the lepers, when he saw that he was wounded, fell on his face and brave God thanks. This man got Jesus' attention. Jesus replied to the man and said, "Were there not ten? But the nine, where are they? Was not one found who returned to give God glory except this man?" Because this one leper returned to give God thanks, Jesus blessed him even more. He told this man that his faith has made him whole.

Being healed is a miracle no doubt! The symptoms of the illness may have disappeared, perhaps there were some limbs still missing even though the sores disappeared. But to be made whole means, nothing missing, nothing lacking; complete; entity; not defective or imperfect (Webster's 1828). This tenth leper demonstrated gratitude and thanksgiving, and as a result of his healing got a double blessing. He was not only healed of the leprosy, but whatever was missing in his body, in his life, Jesus made him whole again. The secret to being made whole was being thankful. His life was transformed by gratitude. (Luke 17: 11-19)

You may not have leprosy, but is there anything that is missing or missing in your life today that you need made whole, complete, not defective or imperfect? Can you find something in your life to be grateful for? Even if all Hell seems to be breaking loose, you can find something to be thankful for. Or you may say, "This is just a nice story from the Bible, but it's not for today, come on, we're living in the twenty-first century." Yes, we are … there is a saying that goes, "If the principals work, work the principles!" Principles never cease!

I love this quote by Rabbi Harold Kushner, "If you concentrate on finding whatever is good in every situation, you will discover that your life will suddenly be filled with gratitude, a feeling that nurtures the soul."

This is a truth; the principle of gratitude will transform your life. "You will have set in motion an ancient spiritual law: the more you have and are grateful for, the more will be given to you." (Sarah Ban Breathnach). And in everything, give thanks! (1Thes. 5:18)

Occupational Therapy For Children With Epilepsy

The Effect of Epilepsy on Development

Epilepsy is the name of a group of conditions where there are electrical disturbances in the brain. Children with epilepsy have the same range of intelligence and abilities as other children. However, learning disabilities, emotional problems, and motor impairments commonly accompany seizures and may be exacerbated by the medications used to assist with seizure control. These complications in the child with epilepsy frequently lead to poor school performance, depression, low self-esteem, and withdrawal, drowsiness or hyperactivity) and behavioural disturbances.

Occupational Therapy Intervention:

  • Doctor referral
  • Evaluation and diagnostic process when seizures are suspected
  • Work with relevant health care staff (speech pathologists, physiotherapists, psychologists), family and teachers for seizure control and modification of lifestyle and activity
  • Look specifically at any problem areas such as using a knife and fork, getting dressed, writing etc. This may involve recommending specialist equipment like adapted cutlery, kitchen equipment, specialist seating, bathing and showering equipment
  • Coping skills for dealing with social and psychological stresses of seizures and unanticipated vocational change
  • Compensatory techniques for long term difficulties and to reduce the risk of injuries
  • Modify work or home environment that will support the child and the seizures
  • Set up supportive environment that facilitates and promotes autonomy and independence
  • Encourage and assist with organisation and preparation for participation in sporting and social activities
  • Consider providing protective helmets or pad aspects of the environment, if required.

    For more information:

  • Epilepsy Helpline Tel. 1300 852 853
  • Children’s Epilepsy Program, Royal Children’s Hospital Tel. (03) 9345 5661

Treating Rose Fungus

There is more than once ailment that can beset a rose and each one is considered a fungal infection. Mildew, Rose Rust and Black Spot are common fungal infections that can easily be treated with fungicides.

Rose fungus, or fungal infections are rampant at the start of hot or humid weather and prevention is perhaps the most important part of care for roses. There are some precautions one can take to prevent rose fungus yet at times prevention is not possible and these instances rose fungus must be treated.

Precautions
Providing plenty of water is the first step in promoting healthy plants along with good air circulation and fertilizers. Keep roses pruned and avoid wetting their leaves as this can encourage disease. Pick off all old stems and leaves.

If other plants in your garden show signs of disease this may be spread to roses through insects. Insects on their own are carriers of disease. Once you have spotted fungus in your garden start treatment without haste.

Planting roses in sunny areas and providing lots of water will go a long way to preventing rose fungus taking hold.

Treating Rose fungus
A good quality fungicide is normally an effective rose fungus
treatment if done early. If the fungus is left to fester it can be hard to control and hard to eliminate. Rose fungus will weakened plants as the effort taken to fight against disease makes it harder for them to grow and produce flowers. Fungicides that contain sulphur are good for the control of fungus.

If you find fungus on your plants start with removing all dead leaves as this will provide a smaller area that the rose has to fight against disease. It can then concentrate on new growth.

Rose Powdery Mildew
Powdery mildew grows on the surface of any green areas such as leaves and stems. It can only survive on healthy plants as it demands nutrients and feeds off the host plant. At the first sign of mildew treat your roses with a fungicide according to the directions.

Young leaves will start to curl up and die and may not grow to their full size.

Rose Black Spot
Black spot is a common disease among causes caused by a fungus called diplocarpon rosae. It is distinguished by black spots on the under side of the leaf. Around these black spots the leaf will turn yellow and ever fall off and if left untreated every single leaf will drop off. The rose will become very weak and will most likely die.

It is important to remove each diseased leaf off the ground and burn it. Do not put them into the mulch pile. Treating black spot should be done in Spring with the aid of a fungicide that is specifically formulated. The treatment should continue through the growing season until the first frost.

Rose Rust or Rusty Spots
Rose Rust is caused by a fungus from the Phragmidium family. Fungus rust is able to survive winter on a host plant and infect the plant in spring. Rose Rust spores are air borne and are spread by the wind.

Rose Rust first shows on the underside of the leaf and creates bright orange pustules. As it spreads and develops the top of the leaf begins producing yellowish to orange spots.

It is as important to remove all fallen and infected leaves from your garden completely. Treatment is needed for the entire rose bush with a specially formulated fungicide.

Botrytis Blight
This type of fungus mainly affects flower buds which deceay and then die. It is greyish to black in color and grows just below the head of the bloom. In order to prevent this fungus from spreading it is necessary to remove the blooms.

Brown Canker Fungus
This fungus has the ability to attach to any part of the rose bush that is above ground. It has the power to kill a rose plant if not treated. Brown Canker produces purple or red lesions on new rose stems and in older rose stems These lesions are grayish white.

Fungicides that are specially formulated for Brown Canker Fungus work well, but should be administratively strict according to directions.

It is also feasible to treat roses with homemade solutions such as a mixture of water and baking soda or dish washing liquid diluted in water. Place in a spray bottle and spray the infected areas well. Repeat this process until you see results.

Little Known Facts About Our Favorite Icons Of Horror Films – They Were Human!

Which "monster" was a decorated World War I veteran who was wounded three times and saved the lives of his fellow soldiers? Why, that was Bela Blasko, who achieved worldwide fame when he portrayed the vampire count in Universal's 1931 epic "Dracula". Of course, by that time, he had changed his last name to "Lugosi", which was derived from his hometown of Lugos, Hungary. He also never learned to drive a car.

I grow up an addict of "Creature Features" on Channel 44, WTOG-TV, out of St.. Petersburg, Florida, and loved watching all of the classic horror films they screened. The host was a certain Dr. Paul Bearer (real name Dick Bennick). With so many years of regular Saturday afternoon and evenings spent with the good doctor, my brain became addled with facts and figures about all of these heroes of the dark.

Lon Chaney Sr., the retired silent star which most famous roles include "The Phantom of the Opera" and "The Hunchback of Notre Dame", learned his acting skills in part from his deaf mute parents. He had to learn pantomime in order to communicate, a talent that greatly improved his on-screen intensity. He also was an all-around good guy, frequently helping out fellow players and film crew without seeking any credit. Once, Chaney saw an arriving actor named William Henry Pratt walking home from the studios andave him a ride. So what, you say? Well, Pratt's stage name was Boris Karloff, who went on to portray the Frankenstein monster and the original Mummy. Chaney cave Karloff observable advice about what he should do to make his own career improve … advice which he heeded. Karloff later co-founded the Screen Actors Guild, and was the narrator of "How The Grinch Stole Christmas", a beloved holiday cartoon.

Lon's son Creighton Chaney would go on to become Lon Chaney, Jr., and also carve his name in the horror legend book. His most famous role was that of "The Wolf Man", but he ever played nearly every major horror character that had been created up to that point. Lon Jr. was known as a big-hearted guy, like his father, who helped anyone and everyone he could. This help even went beyond the grave. He donated his body to the University of Southern California for medical research.

Peter Lorre was well-known for a wide variety of roles, but mostly those with a dark twist, including the films "M" and "Mad Love". He fled Hungary and Nazi Germany for Hollywood, later to be invited by Adolf Hitler to return to Germany and be part of their film community. With so many roles as killers in the movies, Lorre shot back a letter to the Nazis to inform them that they did not need his talents since they already had so many murderers in their ranks. In earlier years, Lorre studied under Dr. Sigmund Freud, which may explain his understanding of characters with, shall we say, "character flaws."

Vincent Price was a St. Vincent Louis native, although many people still believe him to be at least partly English. His grandfather invented the first cream of tarter sauce, and his father was president of the National Candy Company. Vincent was a connoisseur of all fine things, including art and cooking. He educated Americans about fine art, selling more than 50,000 items through Sears Roebuck as part of his "Vincent Price Collection", and publishing a variety of gourmet cookbooks. With his famous films including "House of Wax" and "The House on Haunted Hill", he also expanded into popular music. Price's voice can be heard on Alice Cooper's "Devil's Food / The Black Widow" and Michael Jackson's "Thriller".

Peter Cushing and Christopher Lee enjoyed years of work together for Hammer Films in England, becoming best friends. Cushing is best known as the gaunt Dr. Frankenstein and Professor Van Helsing in the Hammer remakes of many Universal classics. Other roles for Cushing included Sherlock Holmes and Dr. Who, but despite his favorite role was as husband to his beloved Helen. Her 1971 death haunted him for the rest of his life, and he consistently looked forward to the day he would rejoin her. His love for his wife was commemorated in the "Helen Cushing Rose", a special strain of flower created in 1986.

Christopher Lee has remained the longest purveyor of the classic horror genre, still appearing in films even into his 90's. Best known in recent years for his roles in "The Lord of the Rings" and "Star Wars" films, Lee's deep voice has also graced a variety of theater, musical, and record productions. He is related through his family to James Bond creator Ian Fleming, and appeared in Fleming's "The Man With the Golden Gun." Lee is also a World War II veteran, and was knighted by the Queen of England. He speaks English, Italian, French, Spanish, German, Swedish, Russian, and Greek.

*******

The author is a writer, musician, film producer, record producer, and musical arranger who was born in Somerville, New Jersey and grew up in Melbourne, Florida. greg@gregvadimsky.com

How Long Does It Take To Get Rid Of A Nail Fungus Infection?

The first question a person may ask when they develop a nail fungus infection is how long it will take to get rid of the infection. The duration of a nail fungus infection depends on the severity of the infection, the type of treatment that is used and the general health of the person. Prescription medications often cure infections more quickly than natural approaches but they may have unpleasant side effects.

People with chronic diseases such as diabetes or AIDS and people who have had extensive rounds of antibiotic therapy are especially prone to fungal nail infections. This is because their immune systems are compromised.

The two most common types of nail fungus infections are dermatophytes and yeast. Dermatophytes is the most common infection that affects toenails and yeast seems to be the major culprit in fingernail fungus infections. It is important to properly identify the type of infection so that the appropriate treatment can be administered.

Pharmaceutical treatments are sometimes used to trest nail fungus infections. Oral prescription treatments such as Spornax, Diflucan or Lamisil may be used. These medications can hep you grow a new nail that is free from fungus. These medications are typically taken for three months but it can take up to a year for a new nail to fully grow.

Some people use a foot soak for nail fungus infections that is a combination of vinegar and hydrogen peroxide. If you decide to use this popular home remedy be sure to dry your foot completely after the soak because fungi thrive in warm and wet environments.

There are several over the counter medications that can help lessen the time it takes to cure a fungal infection. Leucatin is an all-natural product that helps improve a nail fungus infection in a week. This product may be administered topically or orally. For best results it is recommended that you use both so that the fungus infection can be treated from both outside and inside.

If your nail fungus infection lingers you should see your doctor to rule out underlying health problems that may be associated with the fungus infection. Because you are the one in control of treatment it is really up to you to decide how long a nail fungus infection will last.

Glossary

AIDS: Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome

Leucatin: An all-natural product that is very effective in the treatment of nail fungus infections.

Does Your Dog Have Epilepsy?

What is epilepsy?

It is a condition of recurring seizures wherein uncoordinated firing of the neurons in the cerebrum takes place. In dogs, it is not fully understood but it has some similarities with the causes in human beings. Neurotransmitters are chemically imbalanced so the nerves are uncoordinated. An epileptic dog will show uncoordinated firing of the neurons within his brain. These are called seizures, also known as fits or convulsions. It usually starts in dogs at the age of 6 months to 5 years.

Different types of Epilepsy:

1. Idiopathic Epilepsy- The cause is unknown, it may be inherited.

2. Secondary Epilepsy – Normally, a vet will run some tests to rule out possible toxic, or physiological causes before he makes his diagnosis as the dog having idiopathic version. There are many types of seizures seen in dogs and often, the owner is not aware of his pet's condition. Epileptic seizure is the abnormal brain activity manifested in the part of the brain called the cerebral cortex. These abnormalities that cause convulsions vary from petit mal to generalized, full body grand mal.

4 stages of seizure:

1. The Prodome – It lasts from minutes to hours and sometimes days before the actual convulsion. The dog will show changes in his behavior or mood.

2. The Aura – The owner will notice the initial signs during this stage. Some pet dogs will begin trembling, salivating, licking, pacing, wandering aimlessly, hiding, urinating, or whining. Some other dogs may show stranger behaviors like excessive barking and attempts to get the owner's attention.

3. The Ictus – This is the actual seizure stage, wherein the dog may lose consciousness, gnash his teeth, thrashing about his legs and head, crying, drooling, losing bladder and bowel control, and paddling his feet like he is running. Some strange types of seizures in dogs will make the dog suddenly go blank and just stare into space, while others will frantically run in circles. The ones with partial seizures will experience twitching in one area of ​​his body only, it could be in one leg, his face, in his hips, or in the shoulder.

4. The Ictal – It happens just after a convulsion. The dog will act like he's doped, drunk, deaf, or blind. Some dogs may endlessly pace, or drink lots of water. Others pass out and sleep.

Causes of seizures

Seizures can be caused by many conditions: Liver disorders Brain tumors Congenital defects Low sugar (hypoglycemia) or conditions like diabetes mellitus Fever or hyperthermia Heart problems, difficulty breathing, or anemia Kidney disorders Brain damage resulting from trauma or poor blood flow to the brain Infections like canine distemper Low calcium in females that are nursing young Toxins such as antifreeze, chocolate, or lead Primary / idiopathic epilepsy Certain medications the dog is taking What triggers a seizure?

It is unknown but a lot of dogs experience convulsions when excited. Very often, the dog seizures while playing, or when children have just returned from school. One dog had seizures after visiting the vet hospital. Other dogs have seizures while sleep. Do not confuse this with dreaming since it is not uncommon for dogs to shake or bark while sleep. You can awaken a dreaming dog, but not a dog having seizures.

How is epilepsy diagnosed?

Firstly, the vet will obtain detailed history. Neurologic, physical exams, and laboratory tests are then be performed. Sometimes x-rays are also taken. If the vet can not identify the cause of the convulsion, the condition is then diagnosed as idiopathic. No test is yet available to diagnoseose epilepsy per se, the tests simply rule out the other causes of convulsions.

What type of facts about your dog can you hand to your vet to help make the diagnosis?

It is useful if you, the pet owner, can provide your vet answers to the following questions: How does your pet look like when he is having convulsions? How frequently do convulsions happen? What is duration of each convulsion? Observe both sides of your dog if there are symptoms that appear on one side only. Does one side appear much worse? Does your pet dog have hyperthermia? Has he been exposed to poisonous substance? Has your pet undergone any traumatic experience lately or many years ago? Is your pet updated on vaccinations? Has your pet been poorly lauded or with other dogs? Has your pet been sick? In the past weeks, has he been running loose? When and what does he eat? Has he been acting strange laTely or did you notice any changes in behavior? Do the convulsions happen in related pattern to certain activities such as eating, sleeping, or exercise? Does your pet exhibit unalike signs right before or right after convulsions?

Do some dogs have more tension of having epilepsy?

Usually, epilepsy begins to show at 6 months to 5 years of age, typically at 2-3 years. It happens in all dog breeds, that includes the mixed breeds. Epilepsy can be familial, it can be passed on through generations. The Golden Retrievers, Labrador, Cockers, Dachshunds, German Shepherd, Collies, Poodles, Irish Setters, St. Bernards, Beagles, Malamutes and Huskies, Springers are some of the dog breeds with high tension to have epilepsy. Since epilepsy can be inherited, the dogs which has it should not be used to breed.

Treatment

Treatment begins when convulsions are patterned, multiple and severe. You should know your pet dog's pattern so your vet can judge if the treatment helps.

There is no known cure for epilepsy. The aim is to reduce the prevalence, duration, and severity of the convulsions. Oral medications are given to treat epilepsy. Dogs show nonidentical responses to the medicines. The vet may try various combinations of medications to see which is right for your pet. On the start of the medication, most dogs will feel sleepy, but eventually this wears off in a matter of weeks.

The usual drugs used to restrain epilepsy are Phenobarbital and Potassium bromide. They may be used as a single drug or in combination. They should be administrated daily. Before putting the dog on phenobarbital medication, he should have his lab test. Blood levels are also regularly taken. Do not skip or discontinue the medication once it has been introduced, otherwise severe convulsions could result. Almost all dogs taking anticonvulsant will have to continue taking it for life. Some other drugs used for the treatment of epilepsy are carbamazepine, felbamate, primidone, valporic acid, chlorazepate, gabapentine, and clonazepam. Intravenous drugs like valium for fast effect are given to dogs with prolonged convulsions or also known as Status.

Anti-epileptic drugs like phenobarbital may have side effects on liver if high dosage is required. Prior to increasing dosage, liver function test must be taken just to be sure you are on the safe side. Although liver damage is rarely seen even at high levels. It is usual for a dosage level to be effective for a period of time and then the convulsions will multiply in frequency and duration. The dosage then may be increased. On the other hand, if the dog does not exhibit seizures, the dosage may be lowered and still control the convulsions. Keep a calendar of the convulsions with the date and their duration. This will help in determining if there are adjustments needed.

What must I do if my pet dog is having convulsions?

Stay calm. Never put your hand in your dog's mouth. You may get bitten! And it does not help your dog. Put away sharp objects nearby such as tables and chairs to prevent injuries. Place the dog on the floor carefully if he is in a couch or bed to prevent falls. Clear the area of ​​other pets and children. Watch your dog closely and get in touch with your vet if the convulsions last more than 3 minutes or if he has repeating seizures for this is a medical emergency and could be fatal. One mild seizure is not considered an emergency and does not need long term medication. Although you should still report it to your vet. Be sure to record the date, time and duration of the seizure.

Shingles Treatment – Oxygen Therapy

Shingles is an infection caused by the varicella zoster virus, a member of the herpes family and the same virus that causes chickenpox. The characteristic symptom is a rash of painful blisters. Shingles can appear anywhere on the body. If it occurs on the forehead near the eyes or on the tip of the nose, the eyes are likely to become involved, and damage to the cornea can occur. Taking the proper supplements when blisters first appear can make the blisters dry up quickly, and the discomfort may be alleviated.

Another important and powerful shingles treatment that was forgotten is the self- administration of oxygen therapy as offered by the “The Cure Within One Minute”. The cure within one minute was research by a person named Madison Cavanaugh. He discovered that oxygen therapy was one of the best alternative therapy that could treat and cure cold shingles including all forms of cancer, STD’s and eventually all diseases. Madison discovered the potency of this therapy.

People right now are well informed about the dynamic effects of oxygen therapy, especially the widely known hyperbaric oxygen therapy. They are informed that and oxygen-rich body cannot be inhabited by diseases, then they believe that the solution to destroy the disease seems simple enough. Just give the body and abundant supply of oxygen, right? The answer is, plain wrong! It’s not as simple as that. Here’s the reason behind it: “Oxygen Cannot Treat and Cure Shingles Unless It’s Delivered to the Cells and Tissues of the Body”. Many people are not able to get enough amounts of oxygen in the cells and tissues of their bodies due mainly to poor air quality, poor breathing habits and oxygen-depriving activities. One important thing to remember is that the body is not always able to deliver oxygen to the cells and tissues.

For oxygen to destroy the disease, it must be delivered not just to the lungs — and not just to the bloodstream – the most important is, it must be supplied to the cells and tissues. That’s the reason why other oxygen therapies, such as oxygenated water, oxygen-rich foods or supplements and treatments that release oxygen into the bloodstream — are not always potent and efficient in treating all diseases. While they may supply to the body with oxygen, they don’t always have an effective mechanism for breaking the oxygen free from the hemoglobin molecule, which means the oxygen is not supplied to the cells and tissues of our bodies. Such oxygen-based therapies, therefore, are not always effective in shingles treatment.

The shingles treatment – oxygen therapy you’re about to know, that can heal not only shingles but eventually all diseases, which hundreds if not by the thousands of people all over the world are calling “the world’s greatest healing miracle of all time,” is the ONLY ONE that uses a Natural Oxygenating substance which activates and stimulates the movement of oxygen atoms from the bloodstream to the cells to a radical degree than is usually reached by other ways.

Antibody Therapy For Prostate Cancer

Scientists in the US led by Dr. Mark Greene of the University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine has developed a monoclonal antibody that they hope will become a successful pharmaceutical agent against prostate cancer. Every year thousands of men die from aggressive forms of this disease. This research holds out hope for those affected although it will be some time before clinical trials will be carried out.

When we become infected by foreign cells such as bacteria or viruses or cancer cells one very important means of defense that we can utilize is to produce antibodies. All cells have proteins on their surfaces known as antigens. When foreign cells enter our bodies the antigens are recognized as foreign by our immune system and B Lymphocytes are prompted to produce antibodies. Once antibodies are formed they act by attaching and binding to the antigens on the surface of the invading cell. This absolutely leads to the destruction of the cell and the removal of the infection or cancer cells. Antibodies are a very powerful weapon in our fight against disease.

There are two significant characteristics of antibodies that we can exploit in the treatment of disease. One is that antibodies are totally specific. For example if we contract an infection such as rubella we will produce an antibody specifically targeted to the rubella virus. The second character is that antibodies remain in our bodies after an infection has been cleared thereby conferring protection into the future against that disease.

It is these characteristics that have led to the development of vaccine technology. Pharmaceutical companies take pathological organizations and treat them so that they can not cause infection. These inactive organisms make up the main component of a vaccine. When a vaccine is administered our immune system recognizes the antigen, antibody is produced and we become immune to future infection.

The cells which produce antibodies are B lymphocytes, which are white blood cells. Scientists can isolate and clone B lymphocytes to produce antibodies in laboratory conditions. These antibodies can then be used to treat infection or cancer. The antibodies produced will be either polyclonal or monoclonal. Polyclonal antibodies are produced from several cell lines. Monoclonal antibodies are produced from just one cell line. To produce a monoclonal antibody a B Lymphocyte is fused with a tumor cell. The fused cell is known as a hybridoma and it has the capability of reproducing endlessly. This technology allows scientists to create unlimited and large quantities of very specific antibody which can be used to treat disease very effectively. One of the major advantages of the use of monoclonal antibodies is its absolute specificity. It targets a cancer cell directly with with very few side effects for the patient.

Antibodies are already being used to tackle diseases such as lymphoma and breast cancer. Up to now there has been no successful antibody therapy for prostate cancer. Dr Greenes research team has produced an antibody called F77 which looks very promising. Despite the research being at a very early stage, it raises the prospect of an effective treatment for advanced prostate cancer for the first time.