After a Stroke

There are changes after a stroke which are not only physical – your personality often changes too. These alterations have an impact on your family, who are not prepared for this. They cannot see these variations to your persona, only the physical changes are apparent. You can become short tempered, irrational and uncooperative, in fact quite unlike your old self. It often takes a long time for your family and colleagues to appreciate these changes to your personality.

The stroke can decrease your “Executive Function”. This means your ability to make responsible and rational decisions as these thought processes become impaired and your concentration becomes limited. You may want to hide these changes and worry about them alone hoping matters will improve, and, of course, this is possible. However by far the best approach is to share these worries of loss of memory etc. with your loved ones. They are not at all concerned at, say, memory loss of times gone by, people’s names or birthdays. The family is just delighted to have you with them again, to share in future exploits, however limited.

Another often undiagnosed outcome for you is depression – it is sometimes overlooked even by the medical profession. Your spouse may become affected too and also other members of your family. Speak to your doctor about these experiences and he will offer advice, perhaps medication and maybe even suggest you join a Rehabilitation Clinic where you will meet other similar stroke victims.

The greatest success seems to come for stroke survivors who fight to regain their losses. Yes, you are alone to some extent but it comes down to the information in the ‘Serenity Prayer’: Having the courage to change what you can, the humility to accept what you can’t and the wisdom to know the difference!

Always remember to ENJOY LIFE, however limited. Always remember your loved ones want you and, yes, need you, and that the journey is not over until someone else calls “Time”.

Helping Aids – Perhaps you could use a computer to find out if second hand items are available to aid your mobility, i.e. electric ride-on vehicles, walking frames or chairs which can be operated to help you get up more easily. You could collate all of this information onto a “news Sheet” and give it to hospitals, clinics and various other outlets. Not everyone has a computer or knows hot to operate one. This information could prove to be invaluable to fellow sufferers and will make you feel you’ve made a very worthwhile contribution to Society. It could also mean you make a new circle of friends. The ramifications are enormous – Good Luck!

Rash From Masturbation: Causes, Treatment and Prevention

Everyman has no doubt gotten a little overzealous at some point in his life and masturbated until he wound up with a red penis and a lot of discomfort. Sometimes it’s just high drive, other times it’s boredom, and other times, well, sometimes it’s just because it’s really fun to do. No matter the reason, a rash from masturbation can be quite painful and inconvenient and isn’t just a result from too much self-pleasure. Let’s dive into the cause, how to treat a rash from masturbation, as well as how to prevent one in the first place.

Causes of a Rash from Masturbation

There are several reasons why a man can find himself with a rash from masturbation. Here are a few:

1) Too much solo-time. Too much self-gratification can lead to an angry red rash and chafed skin.

2) No lube. If a man rubs himself raw when self-pleasuring it can be because he forgot to lube up and went dry. This can cause excessive friction on the skin which leads to a rash. This can also lead to long-term nerve damage as well.

3) New lube. Maybe he lubed up, but it was a new lubricant he’d never before use. This could mean he’s allergic or sensitive to the ingredients. Be sure to use a product with as many natural ingredients as possible and be sure to do a patch test on the inner elbow or inner wrist before putting them in more private places.

4) Skipped Clean Up. Some men don’t do an ample clean up after enjoying self-pleasure. This can lead to bacteria build-up, smegma, and infections.

Treating a Rash from Masturbation

Once a red penis arises, it’s good to follow these tips below to clear up that rash and get on the road to recovery.

1) It’s time to call a flag on the play and take a knee. No more activity of any kind for the red member while healing. Continued horsing around can lead to greater pain, infection, and tears in the skin which lead to scar tissue and rob a man of sensation down the line.

2) Give Big Red a thorough, but gentle cleansing. Be sure to use warm water and a mild cleanser like a baby wash or shampoo. Rinse thoroughly as well.

3) Pat dry with a soft towel.

4) Cold compresses can help with discomfort and heat. Simply soak a soft washcloth in cool water, wring out, and then place on the penis. Continue refreshing the cloth as needed.

5) Wear loose, breathable fabrics to give the penis room to breathe and heal.

Preventing a Rash from Masturbation

There are a few common-sense ways to prevent a rash from masturbation. First, practice moderation when self-pleasuring and be aware of its effects on the penis. Second, don’t self-love without some sort of lubricant. Third, be sure to patch-test all-new lubricants prior to putting them on the penis. Conduct a test by putting the product on the inner wrist or inner elbow and waiting to see if there is any reaction after a period of time.

Finally, be sure to have a tried-and-true hygiene routine which includes daily penile care. This means carefully washing the penis with warm water (not hot!) and a mild cleanser. Be sure to wash all areas and get in all the folds and creases. Rinse well and air dry or pat dry with a soft towel. After cleansing the skin, a specially formulated penis health creme (health professionals recommend Man 1 Man Oil, which has been clinically proven safe and mild for skin) should be applied. Nutrient creams that are designed specifically for the penis should contain ingredients such as vitamins A, C, D, and E, which are noted for their skin-soothing and healing properties, helping to heal rashes as well as prevent them in the future. In addition, men should look for a product containing a natural skin conditioner such as Shea butter, which red, itchy skin on contact and leaves it hydrated, agile and less prone to future drying and itching. Be sure to repeat this hygiene protocol after every self-love session.

How to Cure MRSA

Mrsa stands for methicillin-resistant staphylococcus aureus is a bacterial infection resistant to antibiotic methicillin. Staphylococcus aureus, sometimes referred to simply as "staph," or "staph A" is commonly found on healthy peoples' skin. If the bacteria gets into the body it causes minor infections like boils or pimples while serious infections such as pneumonia or blood infections.

The most common antibiotic used is methicillin. Although it is very effective on most staph infections, some have developed a resistance to it and are no longer affected by it. The resistant bacteria are called methicillin-resistant staphylococcus aureus or MRSA.

What are the symptoms?

The symptoms are no different from the other types of Staph bacteria. The skin appears red and inflamed around wound sites. Serious cases may include fever, lethargy, and headache. MRSA also causes urinary tract infections, pneumonia, toxic shock syndrome, and even death.

How long do MRSA infections last?

Healthy people carry the bacteria in their nose or skin for weeks or even years. Some can sometimes effectively remove MRSA from their bodies even without treatment, however, the bacteria can return, if the individual undergoes antibiotic therapy.

Are there other antibiotics?

Yes. While it is resistant to many antibiotics and can be difficult to treat, some antibiotics can cure MRSA infections. However here is the problem. How long will it be before this cunning bacteria work its way around these other antibiotics?

How to cure or prevent MRSA?

Did you know that taking 1000 to 3000 mg per day of vitamin C is a great aid to wound healing? This water soluble vitamin / antioxidant can not be stored by the body, therefore it needs to be continuously replenished through our diet. There are other natural "from the kitchen remedies" that can be used as well for the cure and prevention of MRSA.

Can the Flu Virus Really Spread in a Swimming Pool?

The flu has become a great concern to many people. This is especially the case with the rise of the H1N1 strain. When in the swimming pool it helps to know that this condition can be tough to pass around. It will still be important to handle all proper cleaning processes though.

A study by the Center for Disease Control states that some types of this condition can be disinfected by chlorine. Recommended levels of chlorine for a swimming pool have been found to be able to disinfect some types of flu viruses. This has been found to be the case for the avian strain of flu. It is not fully certain as to whether or not the H1N1 form can be handled.

Even with this factor the there is no way how this can be fully disinfected in pool water. Germs that can get into the water over time can still be found around the water. This is because of how the effects of chlorine in the water can easily weaken over time unless new chlorine materials are inserted into the water. Therefore the effectiveness of the chlorine to kill off germs can vary.

The virus can be spread in areas that are outside of a swimming pool. These include handlebars for getting in and out of the pool, physical areas for any diving boards and even materials that are around the locker rooms of a pool area. A pool area can be treated like a public place in many cases and as a result it can be a place where it can spread just as easily.

A good thing to do with regards to helping to keep from getting in contact with the flu is to be sure to wash oneself before and after getting into a swimming pool. It also helps to be sure to avoid going to a pool if one is not feeling well. This is so that it will be easier to keep from getting the flu virus to spread around.

Some flu forms can be disinfected in a swimming pool but it is not all forms of this condition are known to be able to be handled easily. It will be important to be aware of how it can spread in areas outside of the water though. Fortunately using a few processes for cleaning can help to keep the virus from being spread at a pool.

Health Club Marketing is As Easy As Thanking Your Members!

Thank you notes, as part of your overall health club marketing strategy, are easily one of the best ways to get prospects to come to you. Nearly all of your competitors are missing this incredibly simple, yet rarely used form of health club marketing. Write thank you notes to guests, new members, old members, associates, and employees.

For every person who tours your facility, follow up with a thank you note. Whether they join or not, they should receive a thank you note in their mailbox or email box within 48 hours. Obviously, this emphasizes the importance of collecting addresses and email addresses on a guest register. An example of a guest thank you letter would be, “It was great meeting with you today. I sincerely hope you will consider becoming a member. I know you’ll love it here! When you’re ready, just drop in or call me at 555-555-5555.”

Even those people you feel won’t be returning and feel it may be a waste of time, you will be nicely surprised by the number of those people who will respond positively to a thank you note. I know this is hard to do, but it is very important. They’ll be researching other fitness competitors in the area as well and will probably need a couple of days to compare before deciding. How many thank you notes do you think they will receive during those days of considering? Only one…Yours! Send the thank you note right after the presentation is finished, preferably on the same day. Let the note include only your thanks. Do not try to resell them in the thank you note. Assure them that you are there if needed and include your contact number and email address.

All of your new members should also receive a thank you note immediately after signing up as part of your health club marketing strategy. Your note to new members can say, “Thank you for becoming a member! Do not hesitate to ask if we can do anything to enable you to reach your fitness goals.   Included you will find a few day passes for your friends. We will be happy to pay for a month of your membership for every friend you send us! Thanks again!”

Your current members like to feel appreciated too so do not limit thank you notes to just your prospects and new members, especially since they’re the ones paying your bills. At least every six months, your entire membership base should be sent a letter of thanks. Something straight to the point; “Just a quick Thank You for being our member! Without you we would not exist and we sincerely value your decision to continue to be a part of our family. If you need any help reaching your fitness goals, please do not hesitate to contact us.” If you like, you can also mention a gift. “Be sure to drop by the front desk to sign up for our email newsletter and receive a free water bottle!”

And last but not least, do not forget to thank your employees, business partners, and area retailers; anyone who has helped with your promotions, or anyone who has helped refer you members and improve your business. It displays good character. When was the last time you received a thank you note from an associate or a boss? The answer is probably never. When you mail or email a note of thanks to one of your employees or associates, it is not forgotten for a long time. So send a quick thank you to all of your employees, no matter how much they may tease you for being a softy, deep down they will feel valued. Same goes for anyone in your community who often goes above and beyond in helping you build your business.

Get into the habit of sending thank you notes and immediately work your way into the hearts and minds of your prospects, members, and everyone else who your fitness business relies on!

Female Baldness

Female pattern baldness (or female pattern alopecia), although not as common as its male counterpart, is obviously of greater cosmetic and aesthetic concern. It is a source of great emotional distress since women place great stock in a full head of hair. When it does occur, it usually causes a gradual loss of hair from the crown of the scalp, causing a broadened midline parting. It may also recede from the forehead, resulting in the classic 'widow's peak'. Complete baldness in women is a rare occurrence.

Most instances of baldness in females are diagnosed as the result of a deficiency in endocrine hormones. This is why women may find a gradual or dramatic thinning of hair at or after the onset of menopause. Genetic predisposition (androgenetic alopecia) is the cause of almost 90% of female baldness. The use of oral contraceptives is also a known cause for it since birth control pills manipulate a woman's hormonal balance.

Other reasons are the natural aging process, the use of unsuitable hair products, drastic hair styling habits, and grossly improper nutrition. Certain skin disorders like alopecia areata can also cause hair loss in females, which usually occurs in small patches rather than progressively expanding areas.

In quite rare instances, trichotillomania is a factor – this is an obsessive-compulsive disorder that causes the willful arousing of hair and is usually noted in pre-teenaged or teened females. Stress – the bane of modern civilization and often thought to be responsible for hair loss in both males and females – is definitely not a causative factor.

Almost 20% of all women suffer from pattern baldness to some degree or another. The good news is that dormant, non-productive hair follicles can be rejuvenated medically. In certain cases, the metabolism itself sends the necessary signals and hair growth may resume automatically.

Beating The Odds Of Developing Glaucoma – With All Natural Approaches

Glaucoma is a potentially, and very serious, threatening eye disease that can rob you of your ability to see. It is often called the ‘sneak thief’ of vision for a valid reason. For many people, years often pass with no noticeable affects of having glaucoma before a vision loss is finally noticed.

Glaucoma is a frightening eye disease that slowly, methodically, and inconspicuously damages the optic nerve, the main cable from the eye to the brain, that allows you to see.

Suddenly, a very precious gift, your eyesight, has been stolen. And, unfortunately, as in the case of glaucoma, there is no way to restore it again. This is an eye disease that is one of the leading causes of preventable blindness in the world.

It is estimated that nearly 67 million people worldwide are affected by this dangerous eye disease, and this is projected to exceed 80 million in the next 10 to 15 years. In the United States, according to ‘Prevent Blindness America’, more than 3 million people have glaucoma, and only half of them are even aware of it.

A recent survey conducted by the ‘Lions Club’, about 75 percent of glaucoma patients surveyed were not aware that their vision loss was a result of glaucoma until it was diagnosed by their doctors.

There are two main types of glaucoma, acute or closed-angle, and primary open-angle, both have similar symptoms. General symptoms that can be noticed are; loss of side vision, reduction of over-all vision, poor night vision, eye pressure pain, and a frequent need to upgrade or change eyeglass lens prescriptions.

Although this eye condition can occur in people with normal eye pressure, elevated eye pressure is the main risk factor signaling a glaucoma warning. This eye disease, however, appears to be more complicated than just having an elevated eye pressure alone.

The most common type of glaucoma is primary open-angle. It is usually detected early in a person’s life, somewhere between the late 20’s and early 30’s. Those who wear eyeglasses, or contacts, usually schedule regular eye exams to determine if there is a need to change their prescription lenses. But, individuals who do not wear vision correction eye wear in their younger years may be those who are susceptible, over age 40, for developing this disease unawares.

There is also two other common causes of vision impairment, or loss, in those over 40, age-related macular degeneration and cataracts. Reducing your risks of ever developing any of these three eye diseases, in the first place, can greatly be reduced with better lifestyle choices and healthier eating habits

Currently, the only widely accepted conventional treatment for lowering elevated eye pressure is with prescription eye drops. You will, most likely, not get any sort of objective information from your eye doctor on any other types of natural intervention options, as chemical drug treatments are all they have ever been taught to administer.

Age seems to be the single most important risk factor, out of many, for getting any of the three eye conditions mentioned above. Eye muscles, though, are no different than other muscles throughout your body, as they really do not just wear out prematurely. In all probability, they most likely begin to sag from lack of use, and a lack of regular proper daily nutrition. Processed foods, and sedentary lifestyles equals sagging muscle tone and poor muscle posture.

This is just as relevant to eye muscles, as well as other muscles throughout the entire body, in that the end results are limited vision capabilities.

Improving your body’s daily dietary nutritional requirements, and adding regular physical fitness lifestyle changes are very beneficial to maintaining optimal eye health. Other natural alternative tools like eye muscle exercises and managing stress are proven techniques you can begin implementing now, to strengthen your vision in the near future.

You can protect, strengthen, and maintain your eye vision with improved lifestyle habits such as,

1. Reduce or eliminate your use of unhealthy polyunsaturated vegetable oils

2. Include a limited use of monounsaturated oils (olive oil), increase saturated fats (coconut oil),
and increase omega-3 essential fatty acids (fish, flax, walnuts)

3. Increase antioxidant intakes with more fresh, raw, fruits and vegetables

4. Avoid all processed foods containing MSG preparations

5. Reduce or eliminate refined sugars, grains, and artificial sweeteners (big sight stealers)

6. Lead an active lifestyle, regular physical exercise lowers your risk by 70 percent of developing any type of degenerative eye condition

7. Increase your pure water intake, along with small amounts of unrefined salt, making water three-fourths of what you drink everyday

This last lifestyle tip helps lower blood pressure naturally, too. Although there is no conclusive evidence that links high blood pressure to glaucoma, those who do have this tendency to develop this eye condition, have a 30 percent likelihood of having high blood pressure as well.

In an excerpt from “Your Body’s Many Cries For Water”, by Dr. F. Batmanghelidj M.D., page 75, Dr. B. states, “It so happens, if we do not drink sufficient water, the only other way the body has to secure water is through the mechanism of keeping sodium (salt) in the body. Thus, keeping sodium in the body is a last resort way of retaining some water for it’s ‘shower head’ filtered use”.

Therefore, it makes a reasonable amount of sense, at least to me, that glaucoma, or the increased eye pressure associated with it, could be noticeably reduced with proper water and salt intakes.

A dear friend of mine, who has not developed full-blown glaucoma yet, and has not yet resorted to prescription eye drop treatment, has successfully lowered his eye pressure levels, just by increasing his daily water intake, and adding unrefined salt to his daily diet Even his eye doctor was pleasantly surprised, and so was my friend, with a lowered eye pressure reading. Imagine the implications of making only one dietary change, here. What are the possibilities of adding a few other natural alternatives to further compliment one another?

These strategies may, also, work well for you too, my friend, if you have been searching for more natural ways to lower your eye pressure readings. Certainly, it will not hurt to give any of them try.

Hopefully there are some natural tips you can use, here, that will help some of you gain more control in improving one of life’s most precious gifts, your eye sight!

Ophiasis – What is Ophiasis?

If there are patches on the head or the body which are completely devoid of hair, it could be Ophiasis, a type of Alopecia Areata. Ophiasis is Greek for "snake" as it is recognized by a serpent like design on the temporal or occipital area of ​​the scalp.

The bald patch will be very smooth and may increase in size. It leaves no scar and is inflammatory. It could affect anyone, young and old, man or woman. It is not a dangerous disease but it affects the psychology of the patient as it may lead to total loss of hair and may make the patient a recluse in society.

There are three steps in the growth of follicles of hair. Anagen implications activity in the hair follicle. Hair grows in this stage. Catagen implies growth retardation. Telogen is the time for the follicle to rest. Hair falls at this stage. The cycle is complete and anagen starts again.

In the anagen stage follicles may get inflamed. This is Ophiasis. They enter the telogen phase instead of catagen. If this keeps happening weak strands of hair are produced from the follicles.

Some researchers believe that the follicles quickly proceed from the first stage to the last one. Some believe that the follicles get captured in the last stage. In the early stages of the disease the cycle gets disrupted. This leads to a large number of hair follicles in each stage.

Clumps of hair of the last stage fall from all parts of the body. If the roots are visible they are telogen follicles. At the borders of the bald patch are broken hair which look like exclamation marks.

This is how Ophiasis occurs.

Can Massage Therapy Treat Fracture Injuries?

Massage therapy is a treatment option which can reduce pain and discomfort in the soft tissue surrounding a fracture injury, and it can also assist in reducing edema and muscle tension of both the affected and compensating structures. When a massage therapy treatment plan is carried out correctly, once the cast is removed, a client can regain full function sooner as the health and mobility of compensating muscles has been addressed.

Initially, your massage therapist will only work above the cast, and will take care to not disturb the healing bone. Eventually, when the cast is removed, massage therapy will continue to restore the health of the tissue by increasing circulation, restoring function and strength, and reducing any scar tissue.

Considerations for treatment

It is highly recommended that your physician provide a written recommendation for massage, and your therapist probably won’t agree to treat you until your doctor has given the green light.

In all likelihood, you will also be seeing a physical (physio) therapist. It’s a good idea to provide written permission for your massage therapist to collaborate with your other health care professionals to ensure the best possible care and treatment outcome.

Before your massage therapist begins to treat you, he or she will want to verify the following information:

  • your physician has approved massage therapy
  • are you on any type of medication? (anti-inflammatory, analgesic, anti-coagulant, antibiotics).
  • what is your general health – for example, consider age, fitness prior to injury, nutrition (your MT may refer you to a nutritionist, as proper nutrition impacts the healing process), lifestyle (i.e. do you smoke?)
  • are there any open wounds which must be addressed? (i.e. with a compound fracture)
  • Will treating the affected limb with massage therapy stress and disrupt the healing of bone, muscle, skin or nerve tissue?
  • is there any neurological or vascular impairment in the area which prevents the use of certain massage techniques or modalities?
  • do you have any plates, wires or pins? If so, hydrotherapy over the site will be contraindicated.
  • the most important consideration is to avoid stressing and interfering with healing tissue. Any pressure or traction applied to the affected bone is contraindicated.
  • have other types of injuries been sustained, such as sprains or contusions? (in all likelihood, there will be other injuries)
  • muscle atrophy from disuse will be present when the cast is removed. Provided that the injury is not an avulsion fracture, the development of atrophy can be reduced by the use of isometric contractions at the appropriate time with cast on. If an avulsion fracture is present, avoid isometric contractions, as this may disrupt the healing bone.
  • tissue under the cast will be fragile when the cast is removed, so extra care must be taken when massaging this tissue

As treatment progresses and the injury heals, issues such as tissue atrophy, altered biomechanics and altered proprioception must be taken into account. For this reason, there are different considerations for treatment with cast on and cast off.

Types of fractures

There are several basic types of fractures:

1. Simple – there is no broken skin, and the break is clean. Also known as a “closed” fracture.

2. Compound – the broken bone damages surrounding tissue and skin by piercing it. There is a greater risk of infection in this type of break due to breaking of the skin and protrusion of the injured bone.

3. Comminuted – a fracture that is in several pieces – common among a population with more brittle bones (i.e. elderly)

4. Compression – a fracture where the bone is crushed

5. Depression – a fracture where the bone is crushed and pressed inward

6. Impacted – bony surfaces are forced into each other (impacted)

7. Spiral – an break with ragged edges that result from twisting

8. Greenstick – an incomplete break that is common in children, as bones are more flexible

9. Stress fracture – a.k.a. hairline fracture, is a tiny crack in the bone and may not be visible with an x-ray

10. Avulsion – this occurs when a ligament or tendon pulls away a chunk of bone to which it is attached.

Fractures and breaks are repaired by “reduction” – when the bony ends are placed back together. A closed reduction is done manually by a physician, whereas an open reduction involves surgery, and possibly the placement of pins or wires to hold the bony surfaces together.

Finding the best massage therapist for you

It goes without saying that an injury as serious as a fracture or break will require treatment from a therapist who really knows his or her stuff and understands the healing process. Personally, I would ask my physical therapist if he or she could refer me to a qualified and experienced massage therapist, and then ensure that I give them both permission to communicate with each other so that my treatment plan would address all of my needs and concerns.

Myths About Deafness

At the outset of this article I must state that I am a hearing person. I have no qualifications in deaf culture. The aim of this article is to broaden cultural understanding of deafness and break down some of the myths about deafness.

Myth One

Deaf people cannot talk.

Fact: – Deaf people can talk. They use their hands, not their mouths to communicate. Sign language is a recognized language with its own structure, grammar and tenses. It can convey the same complexity of meaning as spoken language.

Myth Two

All deaf people use the same sign language.

Fact: – Each country has its own sign language. Just as there are many ‘spoken languages’ and many variations within each language. For example people from Scotland and those from America speak English. However they may have difficulty understanding each other. It is the same with sign language. There are some similarities between British Sign Language (BSL) and Auslan, but there are more differences. American Sign Language (ASL) uses one hand to spell words. Often when deaf people meet other deaf from a different country they rely on mime and gesture to communicate. This is the same as the way hearing people who do not share a language try to communicate. Within the international deaf community there is an international sign language. However this is generally only know by deaf people who travel overseas regularly.

Myth Three

The best way to communicate with a deaf person is by writing.

Fact: – Sign language uses a different structure and grammar than written English. Deaf people are very visual. Written English is often confusing to them. It is far better to use gesture and mime.

Myth Four

All deaf people can lip read.

Fact: – Less than half the deaf population can lip-read. Those that can lip read well will understand around 30% of what is said to them. People with accents, moustaches and poor lip patterns are more difficult to understand.

Myth Five

All deaf people have an intellectual disability.

Fact:- There is no relationship between deafness and intellect. As with the hearing population there are some deaf people who have an intellectual disability. Many deaf people attend university and hold responsible positions in business and society,

Myth Six

All deaf people should have a cochlea implant.

Fact:- Many deaf people are against Cochlea implants for deaf children. Again this is because there is no disability in being deaf. Deaf cannot imagine coping with the distraction of noise all day. One deaf woman made an excellent remark in relation to cochlea implants. She wondered what the medical professions’ response would be if she asked that her hearing child be operated on to remove it’s hearing. She is proud to be deaf. Her family is deaf. To her, deaf is normal. Hearing is a not normal in her family. She, like many other deaf, and some hearing people, believes that cochlea implants should never be given to children who are born deaf. Implants are most suited to those who have lost their hearing.

Hopefully this article has awakened your interest in deafness. There are many resources available where you can find more information.

History of Pipette and Pipetting

The pipette which is the most commonly used equipment in laboratories for extracting samples has a history of more than sixty years. Liquids and semi-solids are transferred using pipettes. Genetics, microbiology, chemical research such as pharmaceuticals etc are some other areas that make use of pipettes very frequently.

In earlier 50’s one of the major challenges faced by the laboratories was transferring of ideal volumes of liquid, but later in 1958 the revolutionary invention of pipette was done by one of the German scientist named Heinrich Schnitger but this invention was having a lot of limitations. The working of the pipette was by adding a spring to the syringe that would stop according to a set volume and the syringe’s needle was replaced with a plastic tip. The first pipette was called as Marburg pipette and it was supplied by the eppendorf medical supply company.

The first mechanical adjustable pipette was invented by Warren Gilson the Founder and Managing Director of Gilson medical electronics in the year 1978. The mechanical one is having strong resemblance with the one which is used in the labs now. This new invention led to increased accuracy, comfort, variable volume adjustments and lead to the invention of gilson pipetman. The first autclavable pipette was invented in 1984 by Capp Denmark manufacturers. More than 80% percentage of the pipettes used in the market today is autoclavable. Volume control knob was also invented by the same Denmark manufacturers. In 2002 the Vista labsystems technologies founded a new pipette which used state of art ergonomics. Vista lab also founded the first Ovation Bio Natural Pipette which actually reduced the risk of CTS and all other types of musculoskeletal disorders. Now the electronic pipette is replacing the mechanical pipette with ergonomics, precision and safety becoming an important factor in pipette usage.

The Safety of the pipette and the safety of the user using the pipette is given high importance now by the manufacturers. Each brand pipette is different to each other, the advantage now the customers have is that there is large varieties of pipettes in different brands, price etc. The customer can buy pipette according to his use and even some of the companies are making customized pipettes according to the orders from the customers. Never choose a pipette by looking on the price of the pipette. Buy the pipette according to the use of it first of all try to understand the differences between each pipette the main thing in that is the recalibration time for each one and free warranty of each pipette. If you are using pipettes frequently it is important to calibrate the equipment once in three months even if the The manufacturer claims that their product is having permanent calibration but if it is used frequently it will surely need recalibration in every 3 months. Almost every brand’s is giving warranties for their pipette. Clarify all the doubts regarding the warranty of the product at the time of purchase itself, mainly the time period of warranty and what all things comes under warranty.

Epilepsy Medication and Treatment

Drugs can work very well for many people with epilepsy, which allows them to lead full and normal life. Other, easier to find resources, either because of side effects or simply because it does not work. While many take drugs to be effective, it is a fact that 20-30 percent of people with epilepsy do not respond well to drug therapy. If medication does not prove effective, your doctor may try a higher dose or different medicine or combination of two medicines.

Very rare fight epileptic drugs may lead to more frequent seizures. If this happens your doctor may check the diagnosis. Doctors usually start patients with epilepsy off the lowest dose of anti-epileptic, and then build it to reduce the side effects. What you need depends on various factors such as building and body, to influence how your body processes the medicine and how easy you are to treat epilepsy.

Too high a dose can cause toxicity. Symptoms of poisoning range from drug treatment. If a person gets too much phenytoin, they often become very unstable and may have more frequent seizures. Carbamazepine toxicity usually begins with double vision and drowsi ¬ tion. Another reason why this drug can sometimes seem Seizures will increase if the appropriate type of seizure medication aggravates other types of seizure. Carbamazepine, for example, are effective against tonic-clonic seizures, but not against absence seizures.

There is some confusion about brand vs. generic drugs. Almost all drugs have two names. The first is a common one, even the scientific name of the product that is internationally recognized. Branded drugs name created by individual pharmaceutical companies have produced them. Actual medication is the same, but the problem may occur if you switch from one to another – for example, if you go on Tegretol (brand) with Carbamazepine (generic). This is because sometimes there are small differences in the way drugs are produced. It is best to stick to the type of epilepsy pill are prescribed first, whether branded or generic. Sometimes change may precipitate seizures or side effects. Back man sometimes seizure control may improve or reduce their consequences.

Changing drug treatment
Before treatment was changed on several issues must be considered:

1 is epilepsy? In the misdiagnosis rate is estimated to be between 10 and 25 percent.

2 If it is epilepsy, what type of seizure disorder or syndrome?
Many youth with myoclonic epilepsy (tonic-clonic seizures and myoclonic jerks first thing in the morning) Go undiagnosed, as appropriate leading questions are not asked about myoclonic jerks or early morning tonic-clonic seizures. Specific SYN ¬ Drome responded extremely well to sodium valproate, but carbamaze ¬ pine to create Seizures worse.

3 Are there more appropriate to combat epileptic drugs? All anti-epileptic drugs appeared equally effective (or ineffective!) Discrimination weak, but in primary and symptomatic generalized epilepsy Seizures respond best to sodium valproate, lamotrigine as a second line treatment.

4 provide an adequate drug dose? It is amazing how many people have more than one drug, all drugs inadequate doses. Results of clinical audit are provided in London suggest that the Seizures can be halved to about one third of the people by reducing the number of drugs in monotherapy and in appropriate drug dosage. It is interesting 10% became seizure free as a result of this simple maneuver.

5 you take drugs? If this is a problem that is worth trying to simplify drug therapy to a maximum of twice a day. In midday dose is very easy to forget everything, but gabapentin has a long half-life, to give either once or twice daily.

If you repeat the above failures, then adding a second anti-epileptic drugs are needed, or sometimes the operation as an alternative method of treatment.

What Causes Snoring?

Snoring can be a super irritating condition and when you or your partner snores, all you want to do is stop snoring! Snoring can cause sleep disturbances for both the person that snores as well as the person that has to hear the snoring. Thankfully, snoring help exists and there are methods one can implement in an effort to stop snoring.

Shape of your mouth, tonsils and adenoids

Snoring is caused by a number of different sources. Snoring can be caused by the way your mouth is shaped and by the shape of your tonsils and adenoids. For instance, large tonsils can block the passageway of the throat when sleeping and this can produce a snoring sound. The removal of tonsils and adenoids is sometimes required in order for an individual to quit snoring. Just as the shape of your mouth and throat might cause snoring, you will find that issues with the nasal passes might also cause you to breathe with your mouth open at night: a common symptom associated with snoring.

Body weight

Your bodily condition can be a source for snoring too; statistics reveal that people that have weight problems snore more. Sleep Apnea is a condition that causes an individual to have breathing difficulties at night and involves the blockage of airways in the throat: the result is snoring. This condition is sometimes associated with people that are obese, but thin people can also have the condition. This condition can be dangerous because it can minimize restorative sleep and it can have a negative effect on one's heart.

Environment

Sometimes snoring has environmental causes. Over consumption of alcohol or the use of some medication can be responsible for causing snoring too. When the throat muscles and tongue are super relaxed, they can block off the airway and cause snoring. If you have a uvula that is long in the back of the throat, this piece of tissue can also cause you to snore.

Snoring help

For snoring help, some people turn to appliances that can be put in the mouth just before going to sleep. Mouthpieces can help to shift the position of the jaw and tongue, and can help to keep your airway open more. As mentioned earlier, sometimes surgical procedures are required to quit snoring, and there are also laser surgery options available to shorten a long soft palate that might be responsible for snoring problems too. Special machines are further assigned to people with chronic Sleep Apnea to stop snoring: the process is identified as Continuous Positive Airway Pressure Therapy. The individual is given a mask to wear that delivers a rush of air into the air passage to keep the airways open and clear all night long.

Degenerative Disc Disease – Non-Surgical Spinal Decompression Can Help

Millions of Americans suffer from severe back and neck pain as a result Degenerative Disc Disease. DDD as it is often referred to in the literature is not really a "disease" in the common sense of the word, but rather a term used to describe a process or condition that develops gradually and worsens over time. Use of this term indicates that the cartilage-like disks between the spinal vertebral joints are the primary cause of the symptoms, and that the degenerative changes are rather advanced. To some degree intervertebral discs lose their flexibility, elasticity, and shock absorbing characteristics as we age as do the other tissues in the body. Abnormal or excessive mechanical stresses or injuries of the past coupled with hereditary, developmental, and metabolic effects can rapidly accelerate this process.

As the implied disc dries out and loses height (a process known as desiccation) it causes the vertebra to become closer together narrowing the channels through which the nerve roots pass. A dry, hard disc can absorb less shock and is that more easily torn resulting in a greater likelihood of herniation or bulge further compressing or pinching the nerves. As the stress on the joint compounds and osteoarthritis begins to result, bone spurs form and ligaments thicken (hypertrophy) gradually narrowing the nerve channels even further. These factors in various combinations and degrees of severity mitigate the space in the nerve channels, a condition known as spinal stenosis (narrowing), and conspire to compress (pinch) the nerves.

Symptoms of Degenerative Disc Disease

The most common symptom of degenerative disc disease of the lumbar spine is low back pain (lumbalgia). If the cervical spine is affected, the most common symptom is neck pain (cervicalgia). When degenerative disc disease causes compression of the cervical nerve roots there may be shoulder pain, arm pain, and pain in the hand / fingers (neuritis, neuralgia, radiculitis), and may be associated with numbness and tingling (paresthesia). When degenerative disc disease causes compression of the lumbar nerve roots there may be butt pain, hip pain, leg pain, and pain in the foot / toes. This often is accompanied by muscle weakness in either the arm or leg.

Spinal Decompression Treatment

In the past, a patient suffering from disc problems was usually given pain medications or injections, directed to refrain from physical activities, referred for physical therapy, and when they were not progressing they were sent for spinal surgery or simply told to learn to live it. Since 2001 when the FDA finally approved non-surgical spinal decompression therapy, there is new hope for those who suffer from degenerative disc disease. Spinal Decompression Therapy is a non-invasive, non-surgical treatment performed on a special, computer controlled table similar in some ways to an ordinary traction table. A single disc level is isolated and by utilizing specific traction and relaxation cycles throughout the treatment, along with proper positioning, negative pressure can actually be created within the disc. It works by gently separating the offending disc 5 to 7 millimeters creating negative pressure (or a vacuum) inside the disc to pull water, oxygen, and nutrients into the disc, thereby re-hydrating a degenerated disc and bringing in the nutrients needed to heal the torn fibers and halt the degenerative process. As the disc is re-hydrated the shock absorbing properties are restored and a normal life can be resumed.

Wound Healing and Hyperbaric Oxygen Therapy & Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis (ALS)

Problem wounds are those which fail to respond to established medical and surgical management. Such wounds usually develop in patients with multiple local and systemic factors contributing to poor tissue healing. These include diabetic foot ulcers, compromised amputation sites, vascular insufficiency ulcers (ulcers with poor circulation) and non-healing traumatic wounds. All share the common problem of tissue hypoxia (low tissue oxygen levels), usually related to impaired circulation.

Diabetic foot wounds are one of the major complications of diabetes and an excellent example of the type of complicated wound which can be treated with hyperbaric oxygen. Many diabetics have impaired arterial circulation in their feet and have great difficulty with wound healing of foot ulcers.

The elevation in tissue oxygenation which occurs in the hyperbaric chamber induces significant changes in the wound repair process that promote healing. When the hyperbaric chamber is used in conjunction with standard wound care, improved results have been demonstrated in the healing of difficult or limb threatening wounds

“I was diagnosed with Bulbar ALS in Dec. 2005. My speech was leaving me. I started Tibetan herbs because a friend had reversed speech problems due to taking them. I still take the herbs but my speech has become impossible to understand. I have a feeding tube now and am gaining weight-yippee! A year ago I started hyperbaric oxygen therapy with. I have not had the tiredness that most ALS patients seem to deal with. I am playing golf,doing yoga and pilates and jog/walking 5k races.

I volunteer for Hospice, Lifehouse and am a National official for USA Track and Field covering the meets at Cal and Stanford and the NCAA Nationals. I credit this to my oxygen treatments – I started at 5 times a week and now take it 4 times a week…It is enjoyable for me as I can meditate, read or sleep in the chamber.I am happy doing this as it cannot hurt me and only help me.”

Day after day, patients are overcoming the bleak forecasts about recovery from their stroke or traumatic brain injury, using Hyperbaric Oxygen Therapy.