Stroke Rehabilitation Treatment Options

Stroke rehabilitation strives to help individuals who have suffered a stroke relearn verbal and daily living skills. The extent of rehabilitation depends on many factors such as the extent of damage to the brain, the knowledge of the rehabilitation team, the amount of support from family members and how soon recovery training has started.

According to MayoClinic, stroke rehabilitation should consist of a team of rehabilitation members from a variety of specialties such as physicians, nurses, speech therapists, occupational therapists, physical therapists, social workers, psychologists, therapeutic recreation workers and voluntary counselors. Physicians and nurseries that treat stroke patients specialize in neurology and rehabilitation. Speech therapists help those who have had a stroke regain communication skills. Occupational therapists can help individuals regain skills that make them fully functional in society. Physical therapists help people regain mobility. Social workers and psychologists can deal with social and emotional issues that affect stroke patients. Vocational counselors can help individuals regain skills to reenter the work after they have suffered a stroke. Therapeutic recreational therapists help individuals relearn hobbies that they were participants in before having a stroke.

WebMD states that stroke rehabilitation should occur while the patient is still in the hospital. The sooner the strike victim starts recovery the better. The best chance for patients to rehabilitate occurs within the first couple of months after a stroke has occurred. Most hospitals will offer five or six therapeutic sessions a week which lasts for approximately three hours. The length of a recovery program depends on the amount of damage the individual endured as a result of the stroke. Often it is a lifelong process although the majority of rehabilitation will occur during the first few weeks that follow a stroke.

Problems seen in stroke sufferers rely heavily on which side of the brain was affected during a stroke and the amount of damage caused by it. Often there are problems with body movements. Individuals suffering from a stroke may not be able to turn toward the side. They may also have trouble walking or getting up from a chair. They may need others to help them with daily living skills such as brushing their teeth, eating with utensils, drinking from a cup or picking up objects. Language and thinking is also frequently impaired in stroke sufferers. Emotional problems are often seen in these individuals due to fears, sadness or anger.

Stroke rehabilitation can help individuals who have suffered a stroke regain daily living skills and help them with emotional and physical problems. Progress takes time and patience in stroke sufferers.

Top Reasons to Consider Acupuncture for Glaucoma Treatment

Millions of people in America and around the world are affected by glaucoma, a cluster of eye disorders that can result in optical nerve damage, peripheral vision loss and eventually blindness. This disorder usually progresses gradually and alternative therapies such as acupuncture for glaucoma can be effective in preserving the health of the optic nerve and vision, especially if the condition is diagnosed at an early stage.

What Causes Glaucoma?

There are different types of glaucoma and researchers are still in the process of understanding how each type of glaucoma causes damage to the optic nerve. For chronic open-angle glaucoma, it is understood that intraocular pressure gradually increases due to improper fluid drainage from canals in the eye. This leads to an accumulation of fluid that gradually damages the optic nerve and retina. Lack of blood flow to the optic nerve and retina is also observed in many types of glaucoma which gradually leads to retinal nerve cell damage and loss of peripheral vision even though the eye pressure does not go up. Acupuncture for glaucoma is a non-surgical method that can deliver positive results in the form of decreased intraocular pressure and improved fluid and blood circulation, especially when the eye drop caused so much irritation to the eyes and still cannot bring down the eye pressure.

Who is at Risk?

Anyone can develop glaucoma but some groups are at a higher risk than others. If you’re over sixty, an African-American over the age of forty, if you have near-sightedness, diabetes or a family history of glaucoma, you could fall in the high-risk category. Because glaucoma tends to progress gradually, it often remains undiagnosed and untreated before damage is already done. If you’re at a higher risk, it’s important to get your eyes examined by a qualified ophthalmologist every year to rule out the disorder or catch it at an early stage.

Treatment Options for Glaucoma

There are a wide variety of treatments for glaucoma including eye drops, laser surgery and conventional surgery to name a few. Acupuncture for glaucoma can be considered as a complimentary therapy to preserve and improve optic nerve health, vision and reduce the dry eyes. A combination of early detection, diet, acupuncture, Chinese medicines and medical treatment is the ideal plan to slow down the process of glaucoma and maintain the optic nerve function.

Positive Effects of Acupuncture

You might be wondering why acupuncture can be used to treat glaucoma and if it’s really worthwhile to try. Depending on patient’s condition and severity of glaucoma, an acupuncturist will develop an individual plan for each patient. A series of treatments (24 to 36) involving the use of very fine acupuncture needs at various points of the body may be recommended. Further treatment depends on how well your body responds. When done by a qualified and trained acupuncturist, acupuncture for glaucoma has many positive effects including decreasing intraocular pressure, improving fluid and blood circulation in the eye and improving peripheral vision. Considering all these benefits, acupuncture is a therapy worth considering for glaucoma relief and nerve regeneration.

If you’re ready to try this treatment, make an appointment with an experienced acupuncturist trained in Chinese medicine!

Gadgets and Health

We all love our gadgets but do our gadgets love us? The news is full of reports about the links between health and gadgets. Parents are equipping their children with cell phones at youngger ages, and new laws are in place to make driving with cell phones safer. We thought we'd take a look at the current state of health and gadgets and came up with this assessment.

Cell Phones

Microwave radiation, thermal radiation, electro-magnetic fields, repetitive stress, and even psychological harm; the list of potential threats goes on and on. There is a lot of science being applied to studying the effects of gadgets on our health. At the same time there are also a lot of myths in circulation.

History is full of examples where health hazards like asbestos, cigarettes, and lead in paint went unrecognized or even intentionally suppressed. Many recent studies show no harmful effects from cell phone use however, some long terms studies have turned up disconcerting findings. And there are always that group of neurosurgeons who will not hold their phones next to their ears.

In either case there is enough doubt to warrant some caution. According to one recent report from the University of Pittsburgh Cancer Institute, "Studies in humans do not indicate that cell phones are safe, nor do they yet clearly show that they are dangerous. But, growing evidence indicates that we should reduce exposures, while research continues on this important question. "

Real or perceived, cell phones represent potential threats for a number of reasons including:

Microwave Electromagnetic Radiation

A typical GSM cell phone can generate up to 2 watts of power at microwave frequencies. SAR (Specific Absorption Rates) values ​​indicate how much radiation is absorbed by the body and is limited by government standards. Despite the fact that cell phone radiation is characterized as non-ionizing or too weak to damage genes, concern remains for thermal effects and blood-brain barrier leakage. Younger cell phone users could have been more vulnerable to adverse effects.

A 2007 Israeli study recently linked microwave radiation from frequent cell phone use (22 hours a month) to an increased risk of salivary gland cancer. The report, published in the American Journal of Epidemiology also notes that risk was higher in rural areas where cell phones transmit at higher levels to compensate for weaker signals.

Thumbs Down for Texting to Prevent RSI

One saving grace for young people using cell phones is that they typically spend more time texting than talking. The only problem is that thumbs, having evolved for gripping things, are not so well adapted for poking things and as a result many cell phone users are suffering from RSI (repetitive stress injury). Recent reports recommend texting with two thumbs at a time.

Cell Phone Elbow

From the same orthopedic specialists that greeted you carpal tunnel syndrome, we now have cubital tunnel syndrome. The ulnar nerve runs under the funny bone to your fingers. When this nerve gets stretched by cell phone users holding a phone up to their ear for long periods, it can become weakened. Blood supply to the nerve can also be affected. The result is pain.

Car Accidents

If it's not one thing like microwave radiation, it could be another thing like being distracted while driving and crashing your car. Many statistics now point to dramatic increases in traffic accidents from talking or texting while driving. Almost hands free devices do not help much.

Minimize Risks

  1. Talk and listen from a distance when possible; use the speaker phone or use hands-free devices (Bluetooth is good, wired headsets are best)
  2. Avoid "second hand," radiation; keep your distance from someone talking on their phone.
  3. Be aware of the radiation coming from your own cell phone and do not use it in close proxies to a child.
  4. Cell phones communicate to the carrier even when you're not using your phone. Put your phone on the desk when in the office, carry it in your purse, and do not sleep with it under your pillow
  5. In addition to distance, shorter duration of exposure can minimize risks. Be brief, limit your calls and use a landline if possible. Switch answers periodically or use text messages when possible.

Other Gadgets, Other Risks?

Cell phones are just one type of gadget that might represent a health risk. Some other potential harm could come from these:

  • MP3 players at high volume levels can damage your ears and cause hearing loss. MP3 players may interfere with pacemakers and we've heard that you can hurt your thumb from too much iPod "scrolling?"
  • Big flat panel TVs can be dangerous falling objects that have caused serious injuries to children.
  • There is concern that laptops can cause fertility problems in men from the heat t laptops generate on the lap (area).
  • We've seen some reports about laser printers emitting ultrafine particles from the toner that can damage your lungs and there are also ozone emissions from laser printers.

No Cause for Alarm

After all is said and done, are we going to stop using our cell phones – probably not. With a little caution especially for kids and cell phones and a little common sense about using gadgets, we do not see any reason not to go out and buy that new flat panel TV, smart phone, camcorder, or new laptop. In fact, Retrevo is just the place to learn what to buy, when to buy it, and where to get the best deal.

Psoriasis Can Impact the Erect Penis

Psoriasis is one of the more well-known skin disorders, and it can cause discomfort for many who suffer from it. It also can be something of a penis health concern as, surprisingly, many men with psoriasis also suffer from erect penis issues.

What is psoriasis?

The National Psoriasis Foundation defines psoriasis as “an immune-mediated disease that causes raised, red, scaly patches to appear on the skin.” It most often presents on the knees, elbows or scalp, but it can occur anywhere on the body (including the penis). The rash is often itchy and in some cases it can also sting and crate a burning sensation.

The exact cause of psoriasis is not known, although it appears to have a genetic connection that somehow affects the immune system. People with psoriasis grow skin cells at a much faster rate than is typical, which is what brings about the scaly skin rashes.

Study

A recent article published in JAMA Dermatology looked at 28 previously published studies. Entitled “Association Between Psoriasis and Sexual and Erectile Dysfunction in Epidemiologic Studies,” the article sought to examine evidence for any links between psoriasis and sexual health.

The 28 studies reviewed involved more than 52,000 people with psoriasis. (It also compared them to more than 1,800,000 people without psoriasis, so that they had a large control group.)

After completing the study, the authors determined that men with psoriasis may be up to four times as likely to have erect penis issues than men who do not suffer from psoriasis.

Not the disease itself

The study did not seem to indicate that the disease itself caused the erectile dysfunction; it was more that having the disease created situations in which an erect penis issue was more likely to occur. For example, the study found that many men with psoriasis exhibited signs of increased anxiety and depression, and that it was these factors which were ultimately more responsible for the erectile dysfunction.

In some cases, the presence of psoriasis on the penis and/or balls could also be likely to increase erectile issues. Again, this seems to be less a result of the disease itself and more a result of the feelings that it arouses in the victim.

Because the disease has an impact beyond the visible presence on the skin, the study authors suggest that doctors need to take this into consideration when treating psoriasis. For example, in addition to prescribing medications designed to treat the skin eruption, a doctor may want to try to ascertain if anxiety or depression is being fueled by the disease. If so, they may suggest a visit to a mental health professional or, if they are qualified, suggest strategies for dealing with these emotional issues.

The age of the individual was also seen as a factor; often men experience more erect penis challenges as they approach their older years.

Men with psoriasis who also experience erectile issues should discuss this with their doctors and seek assistance in resolving this issue.

Even with no erect penis issues, psoriasis on the penis can cause discomfort to a man. Maintaining expert penis health may help, so men should regularly apply a top notch penis health creme (health professionals recommend Man 1 Man Oil, which is clinically proven mild and safe for skin). Achieving proper skin moisturization is crucial, so the chosen crème should include both a high end emollient (such as shea butter) and a natural hydrator (such as vitamin E). Additional vitamins, such as C and D, can also help to benefit delicate penis skin. Finally, if the crème also contains alpha lipoic acid, so much the better. This potent antioxidant fights excess free radicals and thereby reins in potential oxidative stress.

My Penis Is So Big, Whenever I Get An Erection I Pass Out!

Have you ever heard that joke before? You know, the one where guys are sitting around, bragging about how “big” they are, and one guy states that, “I’m so big that I pass out whenever I get an erection!”

Of course, that makes us all laugh, as we know we’re just having a bit of fun. Guys like to make jokes like this. I remember hearing about this joke when I was younger, but I didn’t really understand what it meant. Really, how could a man pass out from just his member going from the soft phase to the hard phase?

The answer to that is also the answer to how the penile-growth system works for us. I thought I’d bring this up to help men understand what all is going on with their sexual system. And understanding this will also help men get the best results from their enhancement program. This is because we start to become educated on all that is going on with our private parts.

A man’s fishing rod is a pretty neat device. It’s neat because it doesn’t have a bone. That’s right. Most other animals have a bone that is hiding up inside of them. When they get stimulated, this little bone moves out from inside of him and slides into his willy. This is what makes his pole erect and ready for fishing.

But men don’t have this bone. This means we need some other way to stand up-right, tall, and proud. This is done by your heart and blood system. It’s really simple. A man gets aroused and all this blood starts getting pumped into his member. The gates close off and this traps the blood inside of his member. As more fluid gets pumped in, the harder and bigger his fishing pole becomes. This allows him the ability to penetrate the vagina. After the man has his orgasm, then this liquid stops getting pumped in, the gates open up, and he becomes flaccid again.

What this means in relation to our joke, is that it is blood that gives a man an erection. If we go back to the joke, now we can understand what it is saying. The guy is saying that his fishing pole is so huge (and can hold so much blood), that if he does get aroused, all the serum in his body will be channeled into his tackle. When this happens, he will become unconscious, because of the lack of this fluid to his brain.

Anyway, that’s what that tale is about. When we can grasp this concept it tells us a lot about penis enlargement. Meaning that you want to have a way to get more of that liquid into your tackle, and that you want to find a way to help your tackle hold more of this red liquid. Once we understand this, then we can go about doing exercises to accomplish this goal.

Penile enhancement isn’t rocket science at all. It’s actually really simple.

A book on penile exercising that helped me and stands a good chance of helping you, too, is Iron Man Penis.

Billy “Blackjack” Carson

Glaucoma and Eye Symptoms Caused by Prescriptions For Depression – When to Call Your Optometrist

Serotonin re uptake inhibitors are as common as aspirin today (and probably much safer). There category as selective serotonin re uptake inhibitors is a long winded way of saying it makes the molecule serotonin stay around longer and act on you brain instead of being recycled. This allows a prolonged action of serotonin, one of the feel good molecules used to treat depression and a variety of other conditions. The eye has numerous receptor sites where serotonin acts, though they are not well understood at this time. A number of other prescription drugs also fall in this category.

One thing they share in common is a tendency to mildly dilate the pupils. This is rarely a problem, but if you have been told you have "Narrow Angles" or are susceptible to angle closure glaucoma it can be a concern. Farsighted patients have smaller drainage angles for the fluid inside the eye to escape back into the general circulation. With age, the lens inside the eye grows and moves forward, further restricting the drainage channels. When you enter into a dark room or movie theater the pupil naturally dilates also. When diluted, the colored tissue known as the iris bunches up it's outside edges. This thickens right at the location where the fluid is supposed to drain out. In a normal eye there is plenty of extra space to compensate for this but eyes with narrow angles start to be blocked by the bunched up iris tissue. Occasionally, the drain can be completely blocked and since fluid is being produced in the eye the pressure skyrockets up.

Usually these results in an acute attack of a very painful, blurry red eye with nausea and headaches. Drugs like Prozac in a rare handy cases have been known to push this process over the edge and precipitate angle closure glaucoma attacks. While very illegally, if you have narrow angles you should be aware of this, since this form of glaucoma is curable with early treatment.

The other possibility from this category of drugs is a transient rise in eye pressure for several weeks (although some cases report drops in pressure). If you have just started Prozac or a similar drug and your eye pressure readings are a little high, discuss this with your optometrist and have the pressures retested in 2-3 weeks. There is usually a return to normal if it is a mild medication induced increase. A retest in a few weeks could save you money on unnecessary treatment and testing.

One of the anti convulse-ant drugs used to treat epilepsy, migraines and depression has also been documented to cause angle closure glaucoma in a small number of patients. This tend to occur in the first few months and there are not necessarily predisposing factors. If you start having eye symptoms shortly after starting one of these medications notify your doctors immediately. Finally, be happy that we have treatments that have such better safety profiles than the prior generation.

But I Can See Just Fine – Things No One Told Me About Diabetic Eye Disease

Living with diabetes, I’ve been told many times that I need a retinal eye exam every year. I’m told this by my health insurance, by my doctors, by every diabetes awareness council out there. Now, I’m spreading the message, but with a difference.

None of these sources ever told me WHY I needed a retinal eye exam. I found them to be quite an ordeal and never kept up with them. Now I am paying the price.

Things I’ve learned about 2 1/2 years ago:

  • I was legally blind.*
  • There is such a thing as an eyeball injection.
  • No matter what Ophthalmologist tells you, eyeball injections feel exactly the way you imagine they feel.
  • By the time you notice symptoms of diabetic eye problems, you’re already at the point where you probably need said injection and maybe even surgery (and not the laser kind… the scalpel kind).

*”Was” is the operative word there. Fortunately, in my case, much of the damage was still reversible.

About ten years or so ago, I was having some vision problems and figured it was time to go in and get a new pair of glasses. I had been prescribed lenses in the past for my astigmatism, but they were not very strong and I almost never wore them. I figured that the years had worsened the problem and maybe it was time to give in and get a new pair. I had excellent vision benefits at my job, so there was no reason to put it off any longer.

Through the refractive examination (that’s where they put different lenses in front of you and you tell them which is better) we reached a point where there was improvement, but they couldn’t get me to 20/20. That’s when they gave me my first retinal exam, and problems were found.

I was diagnosed with Diabetic Retinopathy. This occurs when blood vessels in the retina are damaged as a result of diabetes. These damaged blood vessels are no long able to adequately nourish the retina, so your body responds by growing new blood vessels. However, it doesn’t do a very good job of it, and these new blood vessels are prone to leakage.

I was treated with a laser to seal off those blood vessels and was warned that I needed to keep my blood sugar and blood pressure under control to avoid further complications. My vision at this point did suffer some permanent damage. There were small areas in my field of vision that just didn’t work anymore. I didn’t notice until I began looking for it that my brain was filling in these gaps subconsciously. I found that if I looked at printed text with one eye closed, it became more apparent. I could see places where the text would warp to fill in one of the holes.

The exam itself was unpleasant, but the treatment was a nightmare. The exam involved shining a bright light in my eye to illuminate my retina while the doctor looked into my dilated pupils while the doctor used a magnifying lens to look examine the retinal surface. The treatment involved a device to hold my eye open, while a lens was pressed against my eye to flatten the cornea while lasers were shot at the blood vessels. Those appeared as even more super bright lights, and I could feel a burning sensation inside my eye. I was glad when that was finally over.

The following year, the memory of my last visit still very fresh in my mind, I was hesitant to go back for another checkup. I ended up not going. After all, my vision hadn’t changed any, so I didn’t think there was any need to go back.

The following year, I found a similar excuse. The year after that, well, I just didn’t bother. Nor did I bother the following year, nor the one after that… This was a mistake.

Fast forward a bit. At least, that’s what it feels like. The years go by so quickly now. I found myself noticing what I thought was shoddy workmanship on the bathroom tile. The grout was all crooked and it made the tiles look like the edges were indented. After a few weeks, I realized it wasn’t the tile at all. It was my eyes. I didn’t have any medical insurance by then, so rather than make an appointment, I put it on my list of things to get checked out once I had insurance again. Another mistake.

Months pass. I got new insurance through my new job. I began noticing my vision is noticeably worse than it had been in the past. However, it was November, I had just moved, the holiday season was beginning, there was surely no time to be making doctor appointments. I’m just making all kinds of mistakes here.

About a month into the new year, 2013, I found an ophthalmologist that accepted my insurance and scheduled an appointment. I had my appointment on a Friday afternoon. After a few standard tests, the ophthalmologist took pictures of my retina. After looking them over he told me I needed to see a retina specialist right away. And he meant RIGHT AWAY. He didn’t want me to wait until Monday. He made some calls and found someone who could see me that day.

I was immediately sent to a retinal specialist. The news was bad. I had more issues with Diabetic Retinopathy, and also Diabetic Macular Edema. The macula is a small indentation in the back of the eye, in the middle of the retina, near the optic nerve. This area was severely swollen, due to fluid leakage from all of those haphazardly formed blood vessels, leading to further warping of my vision, and also it gives things kind of a washed out look, like if you have your TV set too bright and the contrast too high. It makes it hard to see detail. It had gotten to a point where I could barely read my computer monitor anymore, and driving had become dangerous.

These issues would have been detected with regular eye exams, and they could have been solved before causing damage to my vision. At the time of the diagnosis, my vision was 20/400 in my left eye, and 20/200 in my right (legally blind).

I’ve been undergoing treatment for about two and a half years. Those treatments have included several more lasers, monthly injections of medicine into each eye (which those have come to an end about 3 months ago), and one surgery on my left eye. I may still need surgery on my right eye in the near future.

All in all, the treatments have been an ordeal, but, combined with keeping my blood sugar under better control than ever, they are working. My uncorrected vision right now is 20/50 and 20/40.

I wish I knew ten years ago what I do now. I certainly would have opted to take the inconvenience of an annual exam. Many diabetic eye conditions don’t affect your vision until they are fairly advanced. A retinal eye exam can reveal issues before you become symptomatic.

For more information about Diabetic Eye diseases, their causes, diagnoses and treatment, please contact your eye care specialist. Don’t put it off.

Raising Goats – Goat Care Basics

Raising goats can be expensive and time consuming, but if you know the goat care basics it will make life a lot easier for you and your animals! If you love your goats you will want them to be healthy and happy. There are ways to achieve these goals.

There are hundreds of goat breeds. Before buying, you might want to ask yourself, "What kind of people do I want to raise?" For example, there are milk goats, meat goats, show goats and pet goats. The Alpine and Saanen goats are examples of some great milk producers. Boers can be raised for meat or show. Miniature goats or Nigerian Dwarf goats can be raised for show or as a pet. Fainting guys are great farm fun animals! Raising these animals can be challenging and expensive, so there are lots of facts to consider.

Look at the environment and things surrounding you. Is your environment accommodating for raising goats? These animals like to roam and graze in large pastures, like you would find on many farms. They should never be cramped or contained in small areas. Does your environment have proper structures surrounding it? You sure would not want your goats wandering off, getting lost or pestering your neighbors. Proper structures could include different kinds of fencing and gates.

Goats need some kind of shelter whenever it is a small barn or shed. Although they do well in cold environments they can be very sensitive to excessive heat. Their shelter should be bedded well, clean and draft-free. The floors of their shelter should stay dry since goats can be sentenced to foot rot. Maintaining a good and clean shelter will decrease the spread of bacteria. It will help maintain a healthy animal.

Feeding your goats the proper foods and placing their food appropriately is very important. After all, what good would it do to have the best food for your goats, that you could find, but it was not accessible for them to consume? A mixture of foods is used to feed many goats, but the nutritional needs of your goats may need to be determined by a professional, such as a licensed veterinarian. A professional or local breeder can help you learn the proper amounts of food to give your goats and the proper time (s) to feed them. Water should always be nearby and accessible for these animals.

Maintain the health of your goats with preventive care. Get to know your animals and their daily routines. Notice if there are any changes in their appearance, behavior or temperament. There are many indications that could signify a problem. For example, a dull coat may indicate parasites, refusing to eat, not being alert, or having a droopy tail could all signify problems. These are just a few examples to be aware of regarding the condition of goats, there are many more.

Make sure your dogs stay in healthy condition. Keep up with their immunizations and medical history. Do a close and thorough check of their coat, eyes, feet and bag. Do an overall, periodic, check of their appearance, temperament and behavior. Maintain proper goat care will allow them to live long and happy lives.

Make sure to spend time with your goats. Pet them. Talk to them using a calm voice. Goats do not like to be alone all of the time. They enjoy the companionship of other goats and people too! Raising one goat may not be a good idea. Having companionship will help them stay happy.

Raising goats is well worth the hard work and efforts. They can be enjoyable, interesting and amusing animals. Whatever types of goats you raise, knowing and maintaining basic goat care will make life easier for you and help keep your goats healthy and happy.

What is an Antitoxin?

A toxin is a poison produced in our bodies by germs or bacteria that cause certain kinds of disease. An antitoxin is something that works against this kind of poison. Diphtheria, cholera, scarlet fever and tetanus (lockjaw) are among the diseases caused by toxins produced by germs. Our bodies manufacture sources to fight off these toxins and make them harmless. These substances are called antitoxins. Enough antitoxin is usually manufactured by our bodies when we have a mild case of a disease that is caused by a toxin.

Sometimes there is too much toxin present and our bodies need help. Doctors give this help by injecting antitoxin into us when we need it. The antitoxin comes from the blood of an animal that has been given the disease. The animal is ill for a short time and soon recovers. After recovery the animal's blood contains a large amount of antitoxin. The antitoxins taken from the blood of such an animal are used to help people who have that particular disease. Diphtheria germs are injected into horses. The horses' bodies build up antitoxins to fight off the diphtheria toxin.

The antitoxins in their blood are injected into people who have diphtheria, and also to help people avoid catching diphtheria. A person who has received an injection of antitoxin will rarely catch the disease and be made sick by it. The antitoxin attacks the toxins of the disease as soon as they enter the body and renders them harmless before sickness sets in. The modern medical way of avoiding disease is to use something called toxin-antitoxin. The toxin injected into our bodies in this mixture makes it possible for our bodies to start manufacturing antitoxin. The antitoxin injected in this mixture makes sure that the toxin does not become so strong in our bodies that it will make us sick.

What Are Allied Health Professionals?

An anesthesiologist, a bioengineer, a nutritionist, a massage and occupational therapist all have something in common. While these professions are engaged within the vast realm of the medical field, they share the fact that they serve as complementary procedures to conventional medicine. Collectively, they are referred to as the allied health professions.

From the name itself, allied health professions are practices that have the main aim of helping out the health care system to ensure that medical services are given to the patients with utmost importance. Under the allied health field are categorical jobs like diagnostic tests, direct patient care and support services.

Allied health professionals are taken when a certain condition that has to be given treatment beyond the realm of specialization of yet another doctor. A great example of this is the physical therapy profession. Medical doctors suggest that a patient undergo physical therapy if after surgery or treatment, there still is a need for rehabilitation. This is most common cases of physical injuries or muscle damages.

Allied health professionals is what you call people engage in these practices. It is a holistic career as it does not simply focus on one discipline only. They also specialize in a field relative to medicine, except that the treatment courses that they know and do are not the same as in the conventional approach. But the aim to be of help to further success of conventional medicine treatments still stands.

There are different types of allied health professionals. They are categorized based on the approach that they have specialized in. There are the podiatrists, who specialize in feet-related conditions. Dietitians are also considered as allied health professionals. They focus on nutrition as a way to prevent food-related diseases. Orthoptists and optometrists on the other hand are engaged in the diagnosis and treatment of problems in the eyes.

While allied health professionals may not be regarded as doctors in their own right, it is important that they are given enough emphasis by the clinics and hospitals they work with. This is so that they are able to practice whatever they have learned in school to the work towards a healthier society. They know just what you need as a patient and what the doctor would be doing. In a way, you become the liaison between the conventional medicine approach and the treatment needs of the body. To be an allied health professionals is not easy. It takes lots of courage and perseverance.

Interesting Facts About Gwalior

Gwalior is known for its forts and monuments that are built by the kings of the bygone era. Situated in the Indian State of Madhya Pradesh, the city is a favorite destination for tourists from all around the world. Foreign tourists who plan a visit to India always include this city in their itinerary. The city bears a strong historical legacy which is quite a fascinating fact about Gwalior. The forts and monuments are so huge that leaves you gaping just by looking at it! Let’s have a look into more of the varied facts and the history of this beautiful city.

Legend has it that the king of this region suffered from the deadly disease of Leprosy. He was poised to die because there was no cure for the disease in those days. At this crucial juncture, a sage arrives to the kingdom and knowing the misery that has befallen the king, changes his name and cures him. Delighted by the sage, the king renamed the kingdom as Gwalior. Another interesting fact about Gwalior is the number of forts built by the king that shows the strong resilient nature of the people in those days.

Gwalior has quite a number of tourist attractions. The Gwalior Fort is such a magnificent structure which stands at a height of 35 feet and is about 2 miles in length. Another fascinating fact about Gwalior is that it houses an archeological museum which has a collection of rare artifacts and specimens and even has the king’s possessions. The Suraj Kund Building built in the 15th century attracts with its grandeur and magnificence. The memorial of Tansen, the great musician under Akbar’s rule is also located in Gwalior. The city is a historian’s delight.

Airports and railway stations are located in the city itself and transportation is not an issue over here. An interesting fact about Gwalior is the Tansen music festival, celebrated annually in the months of November and December. The festival is a major cultural event comprising of performances from eminent dancers and musicians. Gwalior has a pleasant climate from the months of October to March. The tomb of Mohammad Ghaus, a saint of the Islamic faith dating back to the 16th century is also located here. The local people are quite gritty and resilient in nature, but they are friendly too. If you want a date with history, you can have an exciting time at this place.

Help For the Alopecia Sufferer

Although alopecia [al-oh-PEE-shah] is a common disease, its name is not widely known, and even though it is not life-threatening, it's sporadic nature and tendency towards recurrence often has considerable psychological effects on the alopecia sufferer. Alopecia is the medical term for hair loss or baldness. It is the name which designates the reliably redundant and early fall out of hair that appears previously weakened by follicular obstruction. While in come cases there can be no cure, many times new treatment options offer hope for the alopecia sufferer.

Hair Loss

While previous estimates on what substances 'normal' hair loss have been quoted as high as 100 to 150 hairs a day, recent studies show that number should actually be closer to 35 to 40 hairs a day. Yet what concerns us here is not the normal shedding of the hair, but rather abnormal hair loss, also known as alopecia. By the age of thirty-five, some forty percent of both men and women show some degree of hair loss. Partial or complete re-growth of hair can follow, but permanent loss of hair can occur when the roots of the hairs are severely damaged. Forms of this disease should be studied so that the alopecia sufferer can work towards a solution for their hair loss.

Types of Alopecia

Traction alopecia is a common cause of hair loss due to pulling forces exerted on the scalp hair. Traction alopecia is more common in women than in men because women are more involved with hairstyling practices such as braiding or chemical hair straightening, and they are more likely to use tight curlers and nylon brushes and to wear chignons or buns. Female pattern alopecia or baldness is less common than male pattern alopecia. Male and female pattern baldness is usually a genetic condition, although female pattern alopecia rarely leads to total loss of hair. The loss of hair from this type mostly starts at the front, the sides or on the top of the head. The hair loss from alopecia areata is typically seen in patches on the head and or body. Alopecia areata monolocularis means that hair loss occurs in one spot only, usually on the head. Alopecia areata multilocularis means that hair loss occurs in several spots, and loss may not be limited to the head. It can progress to the complete loss of hair from the head (called alopecia totalis) and can even spread to result in loss of all hair on the head and body. Called alopecia universalis, it is a severe form of alopecia areata. This alopecia sufferer experiences permanent loss of all body hair, including eyebrows, eyelashes, and hair in the pubic area and armpits. Toxic alopecia is characterized by the temporary loss of hair and is caused by an overuse of medications or some vitamins, or is bought on by certain diseases such as thyroid or postpartum disorders. Diffuse alopecia is the term for loss of hair after acute chronic systemic diseases, emotional stress, febrile illness or childbirth. Another common form of hair loss, postpartum alopecia is caused by hormonal changes during the course of a pregnancy. There is usually very little sign of these changes during the pregnancy itself, but rather a sudden and very excess loss of hair from three to nine months after the birth of the child. While this hair loss is often very traumatic for the new mother and alopecia sufferer, the hair growth cycle typically returns to normal within a year after the end of the pregnancy. Alopecia is a condition that is not limited to humans only, as it can also affect your cat or dog. As you can see there can be many types of alopecia sufferer.

Causes of Alopecia

Many autoimmune diseases, like lupus and AIDS can cause hair loss. An alopecia sufferer may have experienced mental or physical trauma. Those suffering from eczema may experience some hair loss as well. Vigorous combing and chemical bleaches and styling products can additionally irritate the scalp to cause further hair loss or it may be caused by the use of hair dryers, combs or any other heated metallic element capable of generating lesions on the scalp. Alopecia may occur because of nerve disorders, congenital abnormalities of the hair, genetic factors, heredity, alteration of the immune system, injuries and thyroid problems. Some medications like thallium, high doses of vitamin A and retinoid also cause a type of alopecia.

Treatments for the Alopecia Sufferer

As an alopecia sufferer , you should always discuss any medical treatment with your Health Care Provider. Physicians, especially dermatologists, must recognize this condition early to prevent irreparable hair loss. A professional will be able to advise you as to whether your condition will go away on its own, stop if you discontinue use of certain medications or end a habit, or if you can help yourself with a system of treatment. The most effective treatment is now available for purchase and use in the home. It consist of scalp hygiene products, nutritional supplements and a personal low level light laser brush that stimulates hair growth. Always buy from a reputable dealer that has FDA approval and a guarantee program.

Why People Get Pacemakers – A Symptom List

It is difficult to draw the portrait of the "typical pacemaker patient." Pacemaker patients include infants and children, athletes and schools, the aged and infirm. Despite the fact that pacemakers have been standard treatment in medicine for cardiac arrhythmias for over 50 years, most people do not know much about them. In fact, sometimes people get symptoms, see their doctor, and are surprised to find out that a pacemaker is the prescription.

People get pacemakers to correct a problem with the heart known as a cardiac arrhythmia. In layman's terms, it means the heart's natural rhythm is getting out-of-whack.

While just about everyone often experiences occasional but very short bouts of out-of-rhythm cardiac activity, some people have stubborn arrhythmias that cause symptoms, impair their ability to lead a normal life, and are highly unpredictable. These people need pacemakers. Symptoms that may mean you need a pacemaker include fatigue, dizziness, lightheadedness, even fainting, as well as ability to exercise without getting overly out of breath.

These are pretty vague symptoms and a person could easily have all of those conditions and not need a pacemaker. But let's talk about what's really going on.

The healthy heart beats in a specific rhythm that coordinates the heart's upper chambers (atria) and lower chambers (ventricles) in such a way that the heart beat is quite efficient at moving a very large quantity of blood throughout the body. This blood is called cardiac output. If cardiac output drops to zero, the person dies in a matter of minutes.

But in many cases, the electrical system of the heart (not the dumping ability) starts to falter. This is an electrical problem of the heart-not a problem with the heart's ability to pump blood. Yet many people do not even realize the heart as an electrical system.

Electrical impulses produced by the heart guide the heart's rhythm. If the heart stops producing electricity in a regular manner or the electricity no longer travels properly through the heart muscle, the result can be an arrhythmia.

There are two main types of arrhythmia that can lead to a person's getting a pacemaker. The first is called "sinus node dysfunction," which sounds very complicated. It really means that the heart no longer produces electrical energy at the right rate.

The heart has the amazing ability to produce electricity. This is accomplished by a small area of ​​tissue called the sinoatrial node (nicknamed "sinus node" or just "sinus") in the upper right hand side of the heart. If the sinus node gets sluggish or produces electricity erratically or produces electricity fine at low rates but can not keep up when you exercise and need a faster heart rate … that is sinus node dysfunction.

About half of all people with pacemakers have this condition. The resulting arrhythmia for a person with sinus node dysfunction is a heart rate that is too slow to support normal activity. The medical term for this is "sinus bradycardia." Because you do not get enough cardiac output to do normal things, you can find yourself getting winded, tired, dizzy, or even passing out doing things you used to do.

The second kind of arrhythmia that can lead to a pacemaker sounds a lot simpler, but the name is a bit of a misnomer. It's called "heart block." Heart block is not really a blockage at all. Instead, it means that the electrical impulses produced by the heart no longer travel efficiently through the heart muscle. The electrical energy gets delayed or even blocked in some areas.

In the healthy heart, the electrical energy that causes the heart to beat starts in the sinoatrial node (top, right side of the heart). It then travels out over the atria and then downward. As it makes its ways to the ventricles, it passes through a junction called the "atrioventricular node" or or AV node.

Once the electrical energy goes through the AV node, it travels to the ventricle and causes the ventricles to contract and pump blood. Heart block occurs when there is a problem at the AV node. Sometimes the electrical energy gets delayed in such a way that the atria and ventricles are no longer working together.

In extreme forms of heart block, the energy from the top half of the heart can not make its way down to the bottom half at all (this is called "complete heart block"). Because the atria and ventricles do not work in harmony, cardiac output is impaired. The result is the same slew of symptoms: lightheadedness, dizziness, shortness of breath, feeling tired all of the time, and even fainting.

About half of all people who need pacemakers have some form of heart block (it can be mild to severe).

Arrhythmias can get fairly complicated. For example, one person may have both types of these arrhythmias that require a pacemaker, that is, one person can have sinus node dysfunction and heart block at the same time. Even individuals who might only have one arrhythmia right now can develop another kind of arrhythmia in the future.

Pacemakers accomplish this by "filling in the missing beats."

Pacemakers are small electrical devices implanted in the chest. They deliver electrical energy to the heart at precisely the right moment to keep it beating in a way that is as "normal" as possible. In many patients, pacemakers restore normal heart rhythm. In some patients, the arrhythmia may be too severe for a normal heart rhythm to be restored, but the pacemaker can at least come close.

Pacemakers "know" when to deliver electrical energy to the heart because they monitor every beat of the heart and respond according to how the physician programs them. This is a useful feature since many facemaker patients do not require constant pacing. In fact, for many people, arrhythmias are not permanent at all, but come and go, sometimes for brief periods. The pacemaker monitors the heart's activity and jumps in with stimulating (pacing) energy when an arrhythmia occurs.

There is, at the moment, no cure for arrhythmias in the sense that an erratic heart rhythm can not be restored with an operation or a pill. True, operations, pills, and other remedies can help manage symptoms or even correct part of the problem.

Pacemakers are actually very safe ways of dealing with specific arrhythmias. Although they're implanted in the body, they do not deliver drugs or other chemicals into the body. They use electricity, which is the very substance the body would generate itself, if it could.

Doctors have a lot of flexibility in terms of how the pacemaker is programmed, so they are suitable for a wide range of people, from athletes to newborns to bedridden seniors.

And pacemakers have a memory so that they can report back to the doctor what's been going on in the patient's heart. Not all arrhythmias can be treated with a pacemaker. But for rhythm disorders like heart block or sinus bradycardias, pacemakers are a safe, effective, and well proven technology that can make a big difference in the lives of those that need them.

Health Foods For Life – 12 Healthy Foods

Before God created man he first created all the foods we should eat: fruits, vegetables and grains. These contain all that we need for life. All of the vitamins, minerals and other nutrients we need to maintain a healthy body and control body weight are in these foods. Remarkably, some foods often encounter the organs of the body they most affect.

Remember when you mom used to tell you carrots were good for your eyes? She was right. A sliced ​​carrot looks like the human eye. Cut a slice off a carrot and have a look. The pattern looks just like the pupil, iris and radiating lines of the human eye. Beside the Vitamin A and fiber carrots provide abundantly, research shows carrots greatly enhance blood flow to the eyes and improve eye performance.

I've heard for years that tomatoes were good for the heart as well as the prostate. Cut a logo in half. The tomato is red and has four chambers. The heart has four chambers and is red from oxygen rich blood. Research continues to show that tomatoes are loaded with lycopene and are indeed pure heart and blood health food.

Grapes hang in clusters that resemble the shape of the heart. Each grape looks like a blood cell. Interesting is not it. Research today shows grapes are heart and blood vitalizing food. They are full of nutrients, contribute to the alkaline balance of the body, contribute to kidney health and are a good source of quick energy. Resveratrol from grapes and grape skins has been shown recently to provide all sorts of heart-healthy benefits and to reduce plaque build-up and to enrich blood flow.

A walnut looks like a little brain. The shell even has the little ridges and folds we see on a brain. When you crack the shell open, the nut inside looks like the left and right hemispheres and the upper and lower cerebrums. Even the wrinkles or folds on the nut are just like the neo-cortex. We know walnuts help develop more than three dozen neuron-transmitters for brain function. They are a staple food for cancer patients. Walnuts are low in fat, are full of nutrients, support the immune system and help enhance memory and brain function.

Kidney beans actually heal and help maintain kidney function. They look exactly like the human kidneys. They are full of enzymes that inhibit sulfite build-up, thus cleaning the kidneys. Besides contributing to a strong immune system, kidney beans are a rich source of soluble fiber, which helps remove cholesterol and keep the digestive tract clean and working effectively.

Celery, bok choy, rhubarb and similar foods resemblance bones. These foods are important to bone health and strength. Bones are 23% sodium. Similarly, these foods contain 23% sodium, higher than most foods. To maintain proper pH the body pulls sodium, potassium and other minerals from the bones, so making them weak. These foods replenish the skeletal needs of the body by replenishing sodium and potassium. In addition, they are a rich source of Vitamin C, are high in dietary fiber, are full of electrolytes necessary to prevent muscle cramping and contain a number of cancer fighting coumarins.

Avocadoes, eggplant and pears look just like the organs of the womb and cervix of the female. The 20 vitamins, minerals and other nutrients of the avocado alone help balance hormones, shed undesired birth weight, and prevent cervical cancers. They say it takes nine months to grow an avocado from blossom to ripened fruit. There are an estimated 14,000 photolytic chemical constituents of nutrition in each one of these foods. Avocadoes are rich in healthy monounsaturated fats, are cholesterol free and promote a healthy immune system. They are also an excellent first food for children.

Figs are full of seeds and hang in twos when they grow, similar to the male scrotum. Figs help increase the mobility and number of male sperm. These fruits contain vitamin A, vitamin B1, vitamin B2, calcium, iron, phosphorus, manganese, sodium, potassium and chlorine. As all the good foods God provides us, figs have a number of other benefits, including constipation relief, cholesterol balance, weight loss, reduced hypertension, blood sugar control and the many benefits of fiber.

Sweet potatoes and yams look like the pancreas. These heart-healthy tuber help to balance the glycemic index of diabetics. They are rich in Vitamin A, potassium and complex carbohydrates. Just like the pancreas, sweet potatoes keep blood sugar stable. They are rich in fiber and aid in digestion and help support a healthy intestinal tract. They also are beneficial to stabilize blood pressure, prevent colon cancer and in weight control.

The Vitamin E, mono-saturated fats and phytonutrients in olives assist the health and function of the ovaries, which are similar in size and shape to the olive fruit. In modern days olives are used primarily to produce olive oil, but the fruit itself is rich in benefits. The polyphenols and flavonoids found in olives have significant anti-inflammatory properties and may be beneficial in the prevention of some cancers.

Oranges, grapefruit, and other citrus fruits look just like the mammary glands of the female. They assist the health of the breasts and the movement of lymph in and out of the breasts. Containing essential nutrients like calcium, copper, folate, potassium, magnesium, niacin and vitamin B6 citrus fruits promote a healthy immune system, promote healthy cholesterol and aid in weight control. Packed with Vitamin C, these fruits also aid in healthy skin, calcium and Vitamin D absorption and help fight off colds.

Onions and garlic are similar in appearance to the body's cells. They help clear waste materials from all of the body cells and produce tears which wash the epithelial layers of the eyes. Onions have antibacterial and antifungal properties and are beneficial to balanced cholesterol, blood pressure and blood sugar. They are also beneficial to cancer prevention and to respiratory ailments.

Fruits and vegetables abound to provide us with all that we need to live healthy, productive lives. Many resemblance body organs and help promote the health of these organs, as well as the rest of the body. Instead of reaching for processed foods low in nutrients, reach for something God made naturally.

Neurofeedback to Treat a Seizure Disorder

When you think of epilepsy, you can not help but think about the seizure disorder that invariably goes along with it. An epileptic seizure diagnosis can disrupt your life by forcing you to give up driving a car or swimming alone, as well as always being worried about when the next one will strike. If there was a therapy or medication that could cut back on the number of them you experience or completely eliminate them altogether, would you take the opportunity? If you said yes, then consider neurobiofeedback therapy.

Neurofeedback is thought of as biofeedback for the brain. If you have a seizure disorder associated with epilepsy, then you may have already heard of biofeedback, which can help you prepare for them by teaching the brain to recognize when one is coming. This therapy can train your brain in a different way by actually changing the way it works through rewarding it when it functions in the correct way. This is done through the use of electrical impulses that generate inside your brain. The impulses run through a machine that audibly or visibly responds to the signals it sends.

With regard to classification of seizures, there is great evidence available that suggests the brain can be trained to prevent most epileptic or focal (simple or complex) ones from ever occurring. A study conducted in 2001 showed that 82% of patients with epilepsy who were treated with neurotherapy significantly improved without the use of any type of medication. Most of these patients showed a large reduction in its activity, and in many cases this change was for the long term.

Another group of scientists conducted a different type of study involving the use of neurofeedback therapy. In this study, they used this therapy to actually induce epileptic seizures by training the brain to follow patterns that cause them. This experiment was also very successful, because demonstrating that neurofeedback therapy can train the brain to function within almost any pattern or wavelength that is chosen.

If you feel that neurofeedback therapy might be the epilepsy treatment that you are looking for, then you should look for a neurotherapist in your area. He or she will conduct what's called a quantitative EEG assessment before you actually begin the treatment. Although a QEEG test is not necessarily used for many disorders that are treatable with this type of therapy, in the case of epilepsy it can provide the therapist with very helpful information about how the brain is functioning.

Neurofeedback therapy is painless and non-invasive and is usually without side effects, including the mildly annoying feeling of being sleepy after a session. With lots of evidence in its favor, this therapy shows an unusual promise for those suffering with a seizure disorder due to epilepsy. This non-invasive treatment method could very well prove to be the treatment option that finally allows those who suffer from recurrent seizures to get their lives back.