Things to Do If a Loved One Has a Stroke

For someone who is at risk for a stroke or who has had a stroke you will want to make sure that they understand exactly what a stroke is. It is very important that you know all of the warning signs of a stroke. You will see that a lot of the symptoms will occur quickly so you will want to call 9-1-1 or get your loved one medical help as quickly as possible. Even thought some of the people who have the symptoms are not having a stroke. It is important to recognize all of the symptoms, but you should also act quickly so that you can minimize the damage.

If you experience a sudden numbness in the face, arm and leg you will want to get immediate attention. A stroke may occur on both sides of the body or it may just be one side. It all depends what side of the brain was affected. There are times when the body is only affected on one side. You may also notice that the person may have problems with their speech and may have a difficult time understanding others. Also, they may be experiencing, dizziness, tiredness, and loss of coordination as a sign too. You will want to get emergency care quickly so that your friend can have a better chance. There are people who do die from a stroke.

For these reasons you take the time to write down all valuable information and leave it next to the phone. Make sure you have all the numbers that you could possibly ever need to help you for emergency problems. You may also want to enter the same information in a cell phone or write it down and carry it with you in your pocket, purse, or wallet for any occasion that you might be out and need to get emergency help.

You have to treat every stroke as an emergency. It is very important you think about getting help as if you new someone was taking a heart attack. You will also find that timing is very important. Early treatment can help you save your friends life. You will want to make sure to get treated within three hours of showing signs. You will be given medications to dissolve blood clots and you will also find that your doctor or the hospital will try to do all that they can to minimize the damage.

After a stroke you will need to give the person some time for rehabilitation. They may take several months off and learn the basics all over again. Most people are unable to do things like walking, talking, or even associating with those that they love. Sometimes it is best that you spend as much time with a person who has had a stroke so that they know that they are loved and make a good recovery.

Alopecia Areata – Causes, Symptoms and Treatment

Alopecia areata affects men, women and children of all ages. While the resulting hair loss is not always permanent, the bald patches and thinning characteristic of this condition can cause sever loss of self-esteem. This article outlines the causes and symptoms of the disease and offers some suggestions for treatment.

Causes of Alopecia Areata

Alopecia areata is an autoimmune disorder which causes the body's natural defense system to attack the follicles, damaging them and impairing their ability to produce hair. Although the damage is not always permanent, alopecia areata is a chronic disease with no known cure. Hair loss typically occurs periodically, with phases of hair loss and re-growth. In some cases, especially when the disease begins in early childhood, the loss of hair can become permanent.

While doctors do not completely understand why the disease occurs, there are some known risk factors. You are more likely to develop this condition if you:

  • have a family history of the disorder;
  • have problems with allergies;
  • have another autoimmune disorder, such as rheumatoid arthritis or diabetes;
  • have unusually textured, colored, or shaped fingernails and toenails.

Alopecia Areata Symptoms

The bald patterns associated with this disorder are typically small, round patches of hairlessness on the scalp. The loss of hair can also occur as a general thinning, rather than visible bald patches. In some cases, an individual may lose all the hair on his or her scalp and body.

Balding can come and go; you may experience hair loss in one area, then begin to re-grow the hair, only to begin losing hair in another area.

Your doctor can diagnose alopecia areata by a description of your symptoms, a physical examination of your pattern of balding, and laboratory testing of a hair sample.

Treatment Options

While hair that is lost due to alopecia areata normally grows back on its own within a year, many people choose to treat the balding for cosmetic reasons.

The most common treatment for alopecia areata is injecting corticosteroids at the sites that are affected; topical steroids may also be used in conjuction with a topical hair loss treatment such as minoxidil.

Understand the Safety Terms – Lost Time Injury

Lost Time Injury (LTI) is a work-related injury or illness that results an individual is unable to work on a subsequent scheduled work day or shift.

Example: An employee is injured on the job on Wednesday. He was scheduled to work on Thursday and Friday on regular time and Saturday on overtime. He was instructed to stay off work until Monday, and did so. This is a lost time injury. The employee missed three scheduled days of work (Thursday, Friday, and Saturday) and all three days are counted as lost workdays for this case.

Restricted work case (RWC) is a work-related injury or illness that results in limitations on work activity that prevent an individual from doing any task of his/her normal job of from doing all of the job for any part of the day.

Example: An employee’s normal job requires repetitive lifting and other manual labor duties. He is injured and is restricted to lifting no more than 5 kilogram. Many items normally lifted in his job exceed this limit. The employee is temporarily assigned to another department because work in this area does not involve lifting. Another employee is assigned to do the injured employee’s job. This is a restricted work case because the employee was transferred to another job.

Medical treatment case (MTC) is a work-related injury or illness that calls for medication, treatment, or medical check that is normally administered by a health-care professional and that goes beyond first aid case. Medical treatment case does not result in lost time from work beyond the date of the injury.

Example: An employee has a lacerated arm after coming in contact with sharp edge. The plant nurse applies steri-strips to the wound. This case is recordable because application of steri-strips as a wound closure is considered medical treatment by definition.

First Aid Case (FAC) is a minor work-related injury or illness that calls for only simple treatment and does not call for follow-up treatment by a health-care professional. First aid case does not result in lost time from work or work restrictions.

First aid. Any one-time treatment and subsequent observation of minor scratches, cuts, burns, splinters, and so forth, which do not ordinarily require medical care. Such treatment and observation are considered first aid even though provided by a health-care professional.

Why Coffee is Bad For Your Health

Coffee originated from beans of a plant that is scientifically known as coffea. It contains protein, acids and caffeine. Beans that have been roasted and brewed are normally served with sugar, cream or milk. There has been a variation of servings including espresso, cappuccino, cafe latte, frappe and a lot more. But the fact is drinking it can be bad for your health.

Caffeine is a psychoactive stimulant drug that acts on the central nervous system that can result in mood and behavior change. For people who could not tolerate a certain amount of coffee, drinking it could cause anxiety and fast cardiac rhythm. Coffee-addicts on the other hand, could find it hard to stop drinking because of the false energy alarm caused by the rapid heartbeat. For example, after several hours of having his drink shot, an addict might think that his plummeted energy can be increased by drinking it again and the cycle repeats a few times a day.

The combination of coffee with milk, cream or sugar can increase the cholesterol level if taken in excessive amount, which is the case for coffee-addicts. The variation of the drink like cappuccino, cafe latte and latte macchiato contains excessive milk and sugar that can increase the chance of diabetes, high cholesterol and blood pressure. Whereas unfiltered coffee contains cafestol and kahweol that could lead to high cholesterol level.

As with any food that tastes good, coffee too should be consumed in moderation, not only in the quantity but also in the contents.

Equine Flu – Diagnosis, Treatment and Prevention

Introduction: Equine influenza ('flu') is probably the main respiratory infection affecting horses. It has a worldwide distribution, and can cause a severe illness in some cases. Fortunately, prevention is possible with current vaccinations. This is a very current topic, with a recent outbreak in Australia in August to October 2007. This continent had previously been unaffected by equine flu, and the outbreak appeared to have spread from imported Japanese stallions.

What is Equine Influenza? This is a severe respiratory viral infection, with a short incubation period of 3-4 days, and a rapid worsening of symptoms. It is particularly likely to spread rapidly in overstocked situations.

The virus is spread by inhalation of water droplets via the nose, and then causes damage to tissues lining the respiratory tract. It can cause death of large areas of the lining tissue or mucosa.

Symptoms: These include high temperature, clear nasal discharge, dry cough, and swollen submental lymph nodes (under the jaw). In addition, you may notice that your horse has depression & lethargy, a clear eye discharge, a poor appetite, and a referral to drink There may even be a degree of swelling of the limbs, with a resultant referance to move. Occidentally secondary pneumonia can occur, especially in the very old and the very young; this can lead to death.

Causative Agent: The Equine-1 (H7N7) and equine-2 (H3N8); influenza A is a subtype of the latter. Unlike the human influenza virus, which changes every year, equine flu virus has more stable subtypes. Horse flu viruses were only isolated in 1956.

Occidentally carrier status occurs in equines, when an incomplete immune response to infection has occurred and the virus has not been eliminated. Such horses are shedding virus and infectious despite appearing well.

Current Western Treatments: Affected horses need complete rest for at least 6 weeks. It takes 1 week to recover at best, but 6 weeks for any mucosal damage to be reversed, because the need for a longer period of rest. During recovery, it is important that any stable used must have good ventilation, with minimal dust levels. Mucolytic agents & antibiotics may be necessary if secondary infection occurs.

Complementary Therapies: Supportive care can help, such as reiki, spiritual healing, crystal healing, acupressure, shiatsu, and aromatics. These can help the horse's immune system and ability to heal itself. The aromatics (animal aromatherapy, whereby the animal picks remedies on the basis of scent and taste from a selection offered) may have specific effects on resistance to infection and the release of supportive hormones.

Prevention: Influenza vaccines have been available for many years, and initially only provided protection for a few months. Current improved vaccines protect for 10-15 months. Vaccination is given as a primary course of 2 doses, 3-6 weeks apart, followed by boosters at 6-12 month intervals. Side effects are rare, and may be due to inflammation at the injection site, occasional allergy, or general poor well – being.

Certification of flu vaccination may be needed for horses that travel or compete

Homeopathic nosodes may be helpful in preventing influenza. Nosodes are created from the equine virus by diluting many times in water. The water then holds the memory of the molecule, which may be enough to stimulate an immune response. There tend to be a lower side effect rate with nosodes, but there is limited evidence of their efficiency.

Alopecia Barbae – Alopecia Treatment

For some men, growing facial hair is one of the proofs of masculinity and domination. Some actually allow their mustaches and bears to grow inches long for the sake of heritage and being proud. Unfortunately, some men are affected by a condition in which facial hair such as moustache and bear fall out and fail to re-grow. Alopecia barbae is also a type of hair loss, the only difference is that it only affects facial hair, and obviously, males (although some females are affected by this condition, it only combines to a small amount of the population). Beards and moustaches are not the only ones which can fall out from a person with this condition. Eyebrows and eyelashes can also fail to grow again after falling off. Because of this, several alopecia treatment products had been developed to hopefully cure this condition.

There are several factors which allegedly cause alopecia barbae, but scientists are still unable to pinpoint the exact root cause of this condition despite modern technology. Theories considering the causes of alopecia majorly revolve around genetics and hormonal imbalance. Genetics play a big role because it has been observed that people with family members having alopecia of any kind has a higher percentage of acquiring the condition at some point in their lives compared to those without. Another thing is that the imbalance brought about by the rush or lack of a specific hormone in the body can also cause changes in the amount of hair in the body. According to some experiments done in the last 3 years, some people have hair follicles which are extremely sensitive to fluctuations in hormones, especially androgen. One specific androgen, known as dihydrotestosterone or DHT is thought to play the most critical part in all kinds of alopecia, especially androgenetic alopecia. According to another point of view, hair growth is also determined by the amount of blood circulation in the near skin surface. Should the blood circulation gets compromised, hair loss will follow because hair follicles can not produce and re-grow hair due to lack of nutrients and oxygen thought about by the blood. Because of this, pharmaceutical experts in different companies have developed several alopecia treatment modalities which are directed against the cause of this condition.

Since alopecia barbae affects only facial hair, it has the tendency to cause insecurity and anxiety among those who have it. It can also be a cause for ridicule and jokes which affects a person's ego and social life. However, there are natural and affordable alopecia treatment methods which can help solve these problems. Coffee, for instance can help resolve this problem due to its caffeine content which stimulates circulation of the blood into smaller blood vessels, especially near the skin surface, where the hair follicles are located. Products containing minodixil can also help treat alopecia. It helps dilate old and constricted blood vessels leading to improved blood flow. These products are generally affordable and are readily available in your local drugstores. Alopecia is a condition which can affect anyone. A simple gesture of acceptance will help greatly help a person with this condition.

Natural Remedies For Vaginal Atrophy – Can You Really Fix This Disorder Yourself?

Do natural remedies for vaginal atrophy exist? If your doctor has told you that you suffer from this condition, you may be wondering what your options are. Do you have to start on hormonal replacement? Or is there a natural way to restore vaginal tissue?

First of all, you need to understand what causes this disorder. Only then can you know how to treat it.

The Cause

This condition occurs where the lining of the vagina starts to thin. Over time, this progresses to be a serious condition. It's caused by a lack of estrogen, generally thought about by menopause. Early symptoms include vaginal dryness. As the disorder progresses, sex becomes increasingly painful and may even cause bleeding. But to get a diagnosis, you do need to see your doctor.

What You Need To Do To Treat It

To treat it, it makes sense to replace estrogen in your body. That is why most doctors will prescribe low-dose estrogen therapy to help you. However, this treatment plan is not without side effects. Plus, there is the risk of cancer from the extra estrogen.

How Estrogen Helps

Fortunately, many women have found relief using natural sources of estrogen. Many plants contained what is known as phytoestrogen. You find the highest concentration of this in soy and other legumes. However, most of these foods do not contain enough to effectively reverse vaginal atrophy.

Looking To Natural Remedies to Treat It

But other natural remedies for vaginal atrophy include supplements that contain a higher concentration of this phytoestrogen. These usually also contain a mixture of vitamins and minerals that help keep you in optimum health. Plus, many women have found them to be effective at treating vaginal atrophy.

Backache Herbal Remedies – All Natural Pain Relief

Thousands of years ago ancient human standing up of his two hind limbs and started walking with two legs instead of four, gradually the back and spine of human beings adapted to maintain this posture and bodily needs. This change in performance of body function has many advantages to humans by free his hands for attaining the skills to sustain life, but this also brought the problem of backache along, as the weight of entire body was transmitted to ground via the back and this makes backache the second most common reason to visit doctors clinic.

Pain occurs most commonly in lower back which is commonly called as lumbago. Most common cause of backache is herniation of inter vertebral disc. Backache may also be caused due to spinal tumor, ankylosing spondylitis, diseases in the pelvis, injury to the back sometimes caused due to lifting heavy weights.

Herbal remedies

Various different types of herbal remedies have been used since ages for this chronic painful condition, which aggravates off and on in patients of spinal diseases. Herbal remedies are considered better than the allopathic medicines by many due to its long lasting effects and less chances of producing adverse effects. These herbal preparations may be either for external application or may be for ingestion to cure the pain.

External herbal remedies

The external remedies are applied over the back with a gentle massage or just applied over the affected area and left as such, to relieve the pain cause. They may produce soothing effect either by warmth produced or by local release of chemicals in body by stimulating nerve endings in skin of back.

Hot pepper – It releases chemical 'capsaicin' which irritates and stimulates nerves to release the endorphins, the pain relieving chemicals in body. Preparations made by including pepper in creams are made for local applications over the back.

Ginger – Application of ginger, mixed with suitable other herbs is also believed to decrease the pain.

Herbal baths – By using herbs such as Chamomile, passion flower, Jamaican dogwood, lavender, peppermint, rosemary, ginger and St. Paul. John's Wort hops may be helpful to many patients.

Herbal oils – Herbal oils obtained from trees such as eucalyptus and many such trees are available in markets are backache relieving formulas. You can also use massage oil Rumatone Gold Oil for better result.

Herbal remedies for internal use

Many herbs are used as medicine to cure the chronic nature of backache. These herbs for use have been described in ancient Indian medicine literature of Ayurveda, although their exact mechanisms of action are not known, as we know of the allopathic medicines today.

Guggulu – This is a herb which is used in many herbal preparations to treats pains of chronic nature such as the backaches and the rheumatic pains of joints. The preparations in the form of tablets or powders marketed by companies have to be taken many times along with special medicinal solutions known as 'Kada'. Preparations of Guggulu such as Yograj guggulu and Kaishore guggulu are available in tablet forms and if taken for long time such as 2-3 months, are believed to tie chronic pains arriving from joints including the back.

Coriander and turmeric powder – Taking this powder along with water for few days is believed to tie the pains arising from joints of body.

Some Like It Hot, Some Cold – Understanding When To Use Hot and Cold Therapy For Injury

When To Use Hot Or Cold Therapy

It can really get confusing when one has a muscle strain, sprained ankle and other similar maladies and is told to use “cold therapy” and “heat therapy”. The mantras are “only use cold”, “use cold for first 24-48 hours”, “don’t use cold use warm moist heat to stop your pain”. How is one to know what to do?

Often lost in the determination is what is the condition of the patient at the time of choosing a hot or cold modality. Because one broke an ankle, tore a ligament, or suffered an injury months ago does not mean the condition is “chronic” since it happened months ago. Often the process of healing makes many situations “acute” to the moment.

Let’s examine whether to use hot or cold, but more importantly, why to use the hot or cold therapy.

Generally speaking immediately following acute injury the body goes into what is called an “inflammatory response” and the area gets red, gets hot and swells. During this time you don’t want to inflame an inflammatory reaction and make it worse so the general rule is use cold therapy (cryotherapy). The cold actually:

  • reduces the edema,
  • lessens the pain,
  • cools the temperature of the injured area, and
  • stops the inflammatory response.

The inflammatory response is natural and helpful but it can cause more injury especially in cases such as spinal cord damage, or brain injury where the swelling causes additional injury to healthy tissues.

After the swelling has stopped, the pain subsided some, and the area cooled down, then warm, moist heat is indicated ( not dry heat ) and that occurs generally when a patient is trying to regain motion, function. As the patient tries to regain full range of motion pain inhibits it and it is now that heat helps:

  • reduce pain
  • increase blood flow for faster healing
  • helps extend range of motion when used complementary with exercise.

Now here’s the “sleight of hand” that is often confusing to injured patients. Each time a patient goes through an exercise routine then new/old tissues are actually re-injured. That in and of itself re-excites the body’s inflammatory response so in essence the patient now has a “new injury” brought on by the rehabilitation process. So immediately after exercising it’s best to use cold therapy, not warm moist, as the area being exercised is now in a new “acute” injury process. Hot & Cold therapy is an example of ” complementary ” medicine to improve patient outcomes.

Safely Administering Your Own Insulin Injections

1. Choose a diabetic syringe and needle of the correct size.

The size of the syringe you need is simply dependent upon the volume of the insulin injections you will be administering. Unless you're overweight, the right size of needle is a short, thin needle. This will give you less pain. However, if you're overweight you may need a longer needle.

2. Choose a location for your diabetic insulin injection.

Insulin injections can go in a variety of areas of the body that have some fat under the skin. Typical areas for giving insulin injections include the thighs, back of arms, and stomach. As often as you'll be giving yourself insulin, you may find it a bit less painful to rotate the sites of insulin injections so that you do not become overly swollen and sore in one location. One side note is that your doctor may want you to give yourself injections exclusively in the stomach area if your doctor is seeking out the steadiest rate of insulin absorption by the body.

3. Make sure everything is clean.

You need to wash your hands and make sure you choose a sanitary syringe and needle. Syringes may be successfully reused by a single person if cleaned with rubbing alcohol between uses, but things can go wrong. In most cases it is recommended that you at least change needles for each injection, if not changing both needles and syringes.

4. Extract some fresh insulin.

Before sticking yourself with the needle, you need to make sure you have unexpired insulin in your syringe. Additionally, keep an eye out for signs that the insulin may be breaking down. If for example the insulin changes color or has debris floating in it, you should get your insulin replaced immediately. In particular, the fast-acting insulins should always be clear. If you use a longer acting insulin it may be a little cloudy. If you pay attention you will learn to recognize what your insulin looks like so that you will be able to tell when it does not look quite right.

Herpes Zoster – Ayurvedic Herbal Treatment

Herpes zoster, also known as ‘shingles’, is a syndrome characterized by a painful, unilateral vesicular rash, usually restricted to the skin area supplied by a particular nerve. Herpes zoster is usually caused by a reactivation of the chicken-pox virus, which lies dormant in the spinal dorsal root ganglia. Common symptoms include pain in a particular area, followed by a rash which gradually becomes pustular and then crusts over a period of 7 to 10 days. The pain is usually described by patients as burning, throbbing or stabbing, and usually lasts up to 1 month. A few patients may have generalized symptoms such as headache, fever, malaise or fatigue.

The Ayurvedic treatment of herpes zoster is aimed at controlling the pain, treating localized symptoms and preventing complications like neuralgia. In the initial stages, when the disease presents in the form of blisters, an ointment containing medicines like Chandan (Santalum album), Saariva (Hemidesmus indicus), Usheer (Vetiveria zizanioidis) and Haridra (Curcuma longa) is applied on the affected area. Once the blisters collapse with ulcer formation, an ointment containing Haridra, Daruharidra (Berberis aristata), Yashtimadhuk (Glycerrhiza glabra) and Mandukparni (Centella asiatica) is applied on the affected skin. This application is continued till a complete resolution of the lesions.

In order to control pain, medicines like Triphala-Guggulu, Yograj-Guggulu, Kaishor-Guggulu, Sinhanaad-Guggulu, Trayodashang-Guggulu, Vat-Gajankush-Ras, Maha-Vat-Vidhwans-Ras and Vish-Tinduk-Vati are used. Herbal medicines which have a definite antiviral action are used to control the herpes zoster virus. These medicines include Bhumiamalaki (Phyllanthus niruri), Yashtimadhuk, Manjishtha (Rubia cordifolia), Punarnava (Boerhaavia diffusa), Tulsi (Ocimum sanctum), Bhrungraj (Eclipta alba), Amalaki (Emblica officinalis) and Kutki (Picrorrhiza kurroa). Herpes zoster pain which lasts for more than 1 month is termed as post-herpetic neuralgia. To prevent this complication, medicines like Kaishor-Guggulu, Tapyadi-Loh, Ekang-Veer-Ras and Bruhat-Vat-Chintamani are used. Herpes zoster lesions which do not heal easily or which have a tendency to occur are indicative of a severely immuno-compromised status like HIV. In such situations, medicines like Ashwagandha (Withania somnifera), Shatavari (Asparagus racemosus), Bala (Sida cordifolia), Suvarna-Malini-Vasant and Suvarna-Raj-Vangeshwar-Ras are used to improve the immune status of the body.

In most patients with herpes zoster, the rash usually resolves within 2 to 3 weeks. It is important to prevent post-herpetic neuralgia, especially in elderly patients who are more prone to complications. Patients with involvement of the eyes should be referred to an Ophthalmologist for appropriate treatment.

Progressive Retinal Atrophy – PRA – Is Your Dog Predisposed?

Progressive Retinal Atrophy (PRA) is a group of diseases that cause the retina of your dog's eye to degenerate over time. The consequence is declination vision and extremely blindness. Granted, that's not good news However, nature is a amazing! The majority of affected dogs adjust quite nicely to their situation.

Cause:

Both parents must have the PRA gene for their offspring to be affected. If only one parent carries the PVA gene, their offspring will be carriers of the PRA gene. The disease will re-surface, when any of those offspring mate with another PRA carrier.

Progressive Retinal Atrophy is a progressive, degenerative disease, where your dog will gradually lose its sight. It affects the retina, the light sensitive area in the rear of your dog's eye.

Diagnosis:

This disease requires a veterinary ophthalmologist. Your regular veterinarian can refer you to a specialist.

The earliest stages can not be diagnosed through a routine ophthalmic examination. However, there are DNA tests recently available; regrettably not for all high-risk breeds. Speak with your veterinarian; the DNA testing procedure for other breeds is progressing rapidly.

Once the disease has progressed, it can be diagnosed through a thorough ophthalmic examination. In later stages of PRA examining the retina with indirect ophthalmoscopy can help the veterinary ophthalmologist reach their diagnosis.

An electroretinogram (ERG) is an additional test that can be done, once the disease has advanced. It measures the electrical response of the retina to a known amount of targeted light stimulation.

If breeding your high-risk dog is your plan; you may want to have your dog certified. When a board certified veterinary ophthalmologist can not find any abnormalities, the dog can be certified free of heritable eye disease through the Canine Eye Registration Foundation (CERF).

Signs to watch for:

Night blindness – Dog visits going from a lit area into darkness.
Hesitates going down stairs
Hesitates in dark hallways
Hesitates going into dark rooms
Hesitates jumping ie. out of a vehicle … especially at night
Bumps into things
Clumsiness
Gradually dog ​​has problems dimly lit areas
Sometimes dog's daytime vision will deteriorate
Finally, blindness

In some breeds, the first signs of night blindness can appear as early as 6-weeks of age. Complete blindness may result by the age of 1 or 2.

For other breeds, night blindness appears between 2-5 years of age. It progresses to total blindness in approximately one year. At first, peripheral vision is lost.

Prognosis:

At this time, there is no cure for Progressive Retinal Atrophy (PRA). However, since the disease progresses slowly, most dogs do adjust to their disability.

NOTE: Responsible owners spay or neuter their affected pets. Breeding carriers of the PRA gene only perpetuates the disease.

Breeds Predisposed to PRA include, but are not limited to:

Akita
Alaskan Malamute
American Cocker Spaniel
American Eskimo Dog *
Australian Cattle Dog
Australian Shepherd
Basenji
Beagle
Bedlington Terrier
Belgian Sheepdog
Briard *
Border Collie
Brittany Spaniel
Cardigan Welsh Corgi *
Cairn Terrier
Chinese Crested *
Collie *
Chesapeake Bay Retriever *
Dachshund *
English Cocker Spaniel *
English Springer Spaniel *
Finnish Spitz
Flat-Coated Retriever
German Shepherd
Golden Retriever
Gordon Setter
Great Dane
Greyhound
Irish Setter *
Italian Greyhound
Jack Russell Terrier
Labrador Retriever *
Mastiff
Miniature Poodle *
Miniature Schnauzer *
Norwegian Buhund
Nova Scotia Duck Tolling Retriever
Old English Sheepdog
Papillion
Pekingese
Portuguese Water Dog *
Rottweiler
Samoyed *
Shetland Sheepdog
Shiba Inu
Shih Tzu
Siberian Husky *
Soft-Coated Wheaten Terrier
Standard Poodle *
Tibetan Spaniel
Tibetan Terrier
Toy Poodles *
Welsh Springer Spaniel
Yorkshire Terrier

* DNA test available

Bottom line: One way to help your dog if they are a victim of PRA … do not move the furniture around too much!

Psoriasis History

Form the beginning of humankind hundreds of thousands of human beings – from common people to stars, from kings to important modern politicians – suffering and do still suffer from psoriasis today.

Psoriasis is even cited in the writings of ancient healing. Back in the late classic times there was a known disease, which was realized by the peeling and itchiness of skin.

The problem of Ancient Greek medical expressions led to the fact that in the functions of Hippocrates, leprosy and psoriasis were collectively under one name, which was -leprosy. Psoriasis was known in the times of Hippocrates under the names of lepra and psora, as well as alphos and leichen. In the times of Hippocrates a dermatological expressions was introduced, utilized sometimes even at present, some of the terms of which had a group meaning. So, under the term "psoriasis" they united the diseases, which are accompanied by tuberosity, by the formation of scale, spots and by keratosis, such as eczema, lichens (micose, red flat lichen, tuberculular lupus, leprosy, etc).

Each of these terms had their really unique elements; For example, the term "leprosy" was used with the determination of the assortment of the diseases, which are characterized by a thick skin, by its peeling and itchiness, which in some way tells us about psoriasis in today's idea of ​​psoriasis.

At the start of our era a distinguished Greek physician named Claudius Galen was first to use the term "psoriasis" to label the scaly changes in the skin with an extreme itchiness; however, clinically this condition little resembled the present manifestations of psoriasis.

In the writings of the past centuries of years psoriasis itself was sometimes mistaken to be leprosy, mange, Vitiligo, which usually needed a strict segregation and other consequent consequences: people with psoriasis did not get any health care; they had to wear a really unusual outfit and bell.

With the term "psora" (ancient name of psoriasis) it was called the variety of diseases of the skin, for which was known for it's peeling, dry skin and itchiness.

The first visible description of the clinical manifestations of psoriasis belong to a 2nd century Greek philosopher named Celsus.

Only the start of the 19th Century an English physicist named Willan and his students clearly offered the idea of ​​psoriasis as an illness, its manifestations and problems. They differentiated it from leprosy and fungus diseases.They secluded the usual and uncommon surge of psoriasis (changes in the palms, feet, etc.). Willan described two diseases: discoid psoriasis, which he called Lepra Graecorum and Psora Leprosa. Willan in 1801 cave a description of the ailment taking into account variations in the clinical make-up of psoriasis.

A key role in the course of the probe into psoriasis was done by a Russian dermatologists of the 19th century, which considered this dermatitis as a system ailment, "psoriatic disease", capturing into account the connection of psoriasis with the pathology of the interior organs , metabolism, and the condition of the nervous system. The doctors of various countries (Gebr, H.Koebner and others) have also later pointed out the connection of psoriatic disease with the circumstance of the nervous system, and the diseases of the interior organs.

Later dermatology was enriched by new facts about the zest of the disease. All the cumulated evidence lets us at present call psoriasis a "system disease".

New evidence about the essence and the mechanism of the course of the illness was obtained in the last 40 years; the new modern methods for the therapy were envisioned and used: PUVA- treatment, corticosteroids, retinoids, cytostatics in the therapy of different forms, Selective Ultraviolet Phototherapy, acupuncture, hemosorption etc.

During the latter part of the 20th century it was evident by a truly imminence approach to the dilemma of psoriasis. Only in the last 10 years or so, around the globe there have been published more than ten-thousand pieces, devoted to psoriatic dermatitis, which makes it one of the most examined. However, none of the possibilities or the theories show a complete essence of the illness, and the same problems of treatment and preventive maintenance stands in front of the latest dermatologists as vivid as it did a century ago.

Currently, many researchers and educational institutions deal with the exploration of the root, manifestations, and with the refinement of new ways to treat and use preventive maintenance measures for psoriasis. In the United States the key scientific focal point for psoriasis is Stanford University, which has 35 different countries from around the world in the form of an international association on the studies of psoriasis. The association publishes the only one on the entire planet the American Journal of Psoriasis. It deals with the inquiries about psoriasis from dermatologist all around the globe.

Every five years there is transported out a World Congress specialized to the difficulties of psoriasis.

October 29th is dedicated as World Psoriasis Day. Every year it is devoted to persons with psoriasis and psoriatic arthritis.

Life and Death Symptoms of Cortisol Hormone Imbalance

When cortisol, a hormone produced in the adrenal glands is not produced properly, there could be different effects on the individual. Hypercortisolism or hypocortisolism can progress and become life-threatening so immediate detection and treatment is important. Find out more about the symptoms of cortisol hormone imbalance to know the right methods of approach.

Hypocortisolism

Hypocortisolism is a disorder wherein the adrenal glands which are located above the kidneys cannot produce enough cortisol and aldosterone. The adrenal glands may fail slowly due to poor circulation or immediately such as in the case of trauma or hemorrhage. The rate of symptom manifestation will depend on the pace of adrenal gland failure.

The condition is also known as Addison’s disease, chronic adrenocortical insufficiency, primary adrenal insufficiency or adrenocortical hypofunction. The cortex of the adrenal glands produces 3 kinds of hormones. Cortisol is included in the glucocorticoid hormone type which helps maintain proper glucose levels, suppress the immune response and help the body respond to stress.

Three main symptoms of cortisol hormone imbalance include loss of appetite, fatigue and muscle weakness that slowly get worse over time and profound weight loss. Other symptoms are darkening of the skin or hyperpigmentation of skin folds, lips, nose, lining in the mouth, creases of the palms, nipples and areola and joints like elbows, knees and knuckles, development of scars, lightheadedness, orthostatic hypotension or fainting when suddenly getting up from a lying or sitting position, craving for salty foods, trembling or shakiness due to low blood sugar, nausea, diarrhea, vomiting, stomach pain, difficulty concentrating, depression and irritability.

Hypercortisolism

Hypercortisolism a disease that occurs when the body produces excessive cortisol. Most commonly, the problems results from taking anti-inflammatory steroid medications for disorders like rheumatoid arthritis and asthma. Cushing’s disease is the second most common cause wherein the pituitary gland produces excessive ACTH hormone which is responsible for the adrenal glands to produce cortisol. Other causes of symptoms of cortisol hormone imbalance include adrenal gland or pituitary gland tumor or the presence of other tumors in the body.

The problem is also known as Cushing’s syndrome causing symptoms such as central obesity, acne and skin infection, backache, headache, buffalo hump or fat accumulation between the shoulders, abnormal facial hair growth, impotence in males, ceasing of the menstrual cycle in women, mental changes, weakness, unintentional weight gain, moon face described as being red, round and full, purple marks on the abdomen, breasts and thighs and thin skin that is easily bruised. More symptoms of the disease include fatigue, high blood pressure, red spots on the skin, skin flushing, muscle atrophy and bone pain or tenderness.

When It Becomes Life-Threatening

Symptoms that develop slowly may not be noticed immediately until Addisonian crisis or adrenal crisis occurs. This condition occurs from a stressful event like trauma, surgery, dehydration or severe infection wherein the body cannot produce enough cortisol to combat stress. Addisonian crisis is considered to be a life-threatening situation requiring fast treatment.

A person can die from shock due to extremely low blood pressure. Symptoms of the complication include severe vomiting and diarrhea leading to dehydration, confusion, restlessness, fearfulness, severe weakness, light-headedness, feeling of fainting, sudden pain in the stomach, legs and lower back, high fever, total loss of consciousness and pale face and lips. Hormone levels need to return to normal via surgery, hormone replace therapy and other dire measures.

Smoking and Its Effect on Ear Infections

It is common knowledge that smoking has numerous bad effects, both to the smoker and non-smoker who is able to inhale second-degree smoke. More familiar are lung cancer, emphysema and heart failure. However, it is not well known that smoking also affects our ears, and can cause ear infection called Otitis Media.

This ear infection is actually quite common to children. When a child has a virus or a cold, there is a thickening of the mucus on the nose that becomes home to bacteria. The bacteria could travel to the ear canal through the Eustachian tube in the nose. This bacteria could then very well turn into an infection which shows symptoms of fever, fluid on the ear, and earache after a few days. On the average, children experience this 3 times before the age of six. However, if the child is exposed to smoke, say from smoking parents, the average occurrence increases to 8.

Now, how does smoking cause the said infection?

As we are all familiar of, smoke is an irritant to our nasal passage. Since our body is equipped with defense mechanisms, our nasal passage will thicken with mucus in the presence of irritants. As mentioned above, thickened mucus becomes a favorite home to bacteria that could travel and infect our ears. Thus the Otitis Media is triggered by the protective action of our body against cigarette smoke.

Aside from thickening our mucus, cigarette smoke also weakens the immune system. Numerous researchers have proven that exposure to smoke makes the body more susceptible to diseases. Also proven is that this is true not only for actual smokers, but for those who are exposed to exhaled smoke. Thus, even if children, or adults for the matter, do not smoke but are exposed to second-hand smoke, their immune system are still weakened, making it harder to fight off infections.

Now, it is not just the pain and discomfort that this ear infection brings that we must be wary of. Repeated Otitis Media could actually cause gradual loss of hearing to the child. Although this is rare, this is not something that we should risk.

Therefore, for all smokers out there, it important that if you can not stop smoking , at least try to avoid smoking around children . Ear infections may be less evil than lung cancer or emphysema, but since it is children that we are talking about, even the smallest infection should be given much importance.