A Common Wound Problem After Breast Reduction Surgery

Breast reduction surgery is a highly effective operation at downsizing and reshaping large breasts. It is a fairly complex procedure that uses a keyhole skin removal and reduction approach to lift the nipple upward and create a more conical shape to the breast. From a plastic surgery standpoint, this is known as the 'inferior pedicle' technique and is the most method by which plastic surgeons perform breast reductions in the United States. There are other techniques for performing breast reduction, but the inferior pedicure method is reliable and adaptable to all types of breast sizes and shapes.

One of the most common complications from this method of breast reduction is separation or opening of the anchor or inverted T portion of the closure at the lower breast crease. This occurs so often that I inform all patients to expect it in either one or both of their breasts. This opening after surgery occurs because this is the point of maximum tightness or tension of the skin closure and, as healing and inflammation set in, the wound edges will separate. Sometimes it will be small, a dime or nickel size, and in others it can develop into an opening much bigger.

What is feasible about this problem, and very disturbing to patients, is that it does not usually appear until at least three weeks after surgery. The incision lines from the breast reduction look great for weeks and then this developments. By three weeks most patients assume that all potential 'problems' are over and everything will just continue to get better. But the biology of healing goes against this perception as the sunset of inflammation and wound tension relief create this delayed wound problem. Despite its ominous appearance, this breast wound separation is a self-solving problem. It may take a week or so reach its maximum size but it will heal and fill in on its own over the ensuing weeks.

Can Glaucoma Be Healed Naturally?

Glaucoma is one of the major causes of blindness. Glaucoma is due to increased eye pressure. In conventional medicine, most eye doctors would recommend surgeries and eye drops to relieve high ocular pressure in the eye.

However, there is one problem: surgeries and eye drops would create a chronic condition, ironically enough, leading to ultimate blindness.

Dr. Leslie Salov, M.D., O.D. Ph.D., in his book “Secrets for Better Vision”, says most glaucoma patients are highly intelligent professionals who lead very stressful, busy lives. This finding led Dr. Salov to believe that to improve vision or eye health, you need to improve the health of your entire person simultaneously because your body is a set of interlocking systems that affect one another. Given that the whole is greater than the sum of its parts, your eyes are only a small part of your whole person. Accordingly, to heal the eyes, you must heal the body first. It is just that simple!

To have healthy vision, even as you age, you must employ not only the sciences of physiology, biology, and chemistry, but also the healing powers of philosophy and even spirituality. This is no exception when it comes to treating glaucoma. In other words, to treat glaucoma, you need to examine not just your eyes, but every aspect of your life.

The methods of glaucoma treatment recommended by Dr. Salov include the following:

Visualization is the use of meditative exercise by your mind to control your body in order to heal itself. Specifically, visualization relaxes the muscles in the walls of your canal of Schlemm (circular channel in the eye that collects watery substance between the lens and the cornea). By relaxing these muscles, extra fluid can be excreted to relieve the glaucoma pressure. The use of eye drops serves a similar function, but the only difference is that chronic use of eye drops may have adverse long-term effects. These effects include pieces of iris falling off, causing blockage, and thereby instrumental in increasing eye pressure over the long haul. Without using eye drops with chemicals, visualization can relax eye muscles so that your pupils become small enough to open up the canal of Schlemm to excrete the fluid for eye pressure relief.

So, what exactly is visualization?

Visualization is the use of guided imagery to direct blood, oxygen, and leukocytes (immunity cells) to the eye through a mental image of a healthy eye. Essentially, your conscious mind controls the involuntary processes that occur automatically inside your body. However, it must be pointed out that visualization works only when you use it with dedication and consistency. In other words, you have to practice visualization diligently.

Another therapy recommended by Dr. Salov is meditation, which removes your everyday stresses and worries. When you are under duress and stress, you body produces chemical changes within your body, which decrease blood flow and oxygen level. Practice meditation, which is the art of thinking of nothing.

Deep and slow breathing using your diaphragm, aided by good posture, is deep cleansing for the body and mind. Deep breathing promotes better vision health through relaxation and detoxification.

According to Dr. Salov, your diet may also help you heal your glaucoma. A no-meat diet is strongly recommended because the antibiotics, chemical dyes, and growth hormones in supermarket meat damage not only you immune system but also your eye health. Without strong immunity, your eyes cannot utilize their natural healing elements.

To conclude, your body has its own curative forces, but the problem is how to harness these forces. For better vision health, you must be prepared to change your environment, lifestyle, and living habits. Vision health cannot be accomplished without total health. There is a Chinese saying: “The eye is the window of the soul.” Your vision health mirrors your physical health. If you believe that glaucoma can be healed naturally, then look beyond your eyes.

Female Baldness

Female pattern baldness (or female pattern alopecia), although not as common as its male counterpart, is obviously of greater cosmetic and aesthetic concern. It is a source of great emotional distress since women place great stock in a full head of hair. When it does occur, it usually causes a gradual loss of hair from the crown of the scalp, causing a broadened midline parting. It may also recede from the forehead, resulting in the classic 'widow's peak'. Complete baldness in women is a rare occurrence.

Most instances of baldness in females are diagnosed as the result of a deficiency in endocrine hormones. This is why women may find a gradual or dramatic thinning of hair at or after the onset of menopause. Genetic predisposition (androgenetic alopecia) is the cause of almost 90% of female baldness. The use of oral contraceptives is also a known cause for it since birth control pills manipulate a woman's hormonal balance.

Other reasons are the natural aging process, the use of unsuitable hair products, drastic hair styling habits, and grossly improper nutrition. Certain skin disorders like alopecia areata can also cause hair loss in females, which usually occurs in small patches rather than progressively expanding areas.

In quite rare instances, trichotillomania is a factor – this is an obsessive-compulsive disorder that causes the willful arousing of hair and is usually noted in pre-teenaged or teened females. Stress – the bane of modern civilization and often thought to be responsible for hair loss in both males and females – is definitely not a causative factor.

Almost 20% of all women suffer from pattern baldness to some degree or another. The good news is that dormant, non-productive hair follicles can be rejuvenated medically. In certain cases, the metabolism itself sends the necessary signals and hair growth may resume automatically.

How to Change Screen Resolution Display Settings in Microsoft Windows Vista

Whether you just bought a new high quality monitor or you want to be able to see your screen easier, changing the screen resolution can help. Screen resolution is the amount of pixels that display on your screen – the higher the number, the more pixels are displayed on your screen. High resolution yields better quality picture but also makes the picture look smaller. A lower resolution will make everything look larger on the screen but the quality will not be as good.

Here I will show you how to easily change the screen resolution in your Windows Vista computer.

1. go to an area of ​​the desktop where there are no icons – right click with the right mouse button on this "blank area"

2. a menu will now appear – go to the bottom and click on the item called "Personalize"

3. once you are in the personalize menu, go to the bottom and click on "Display Settings"

4. the display properties will now show up on the screen – find "Resolution" towards the bottom left of this display box

5. under resolution you will see "Low" on the left and "High" on the right with a toggle button in between them

6. if you toggle the button all the way to the right, the highest supported screen resolution will display, if you toggle the button to the left, the lowest screen resolution will display – you can choose a setting i between also

7. click on "OK" when you find the desired resolution – Windows will always test the new resolution and ask you if you want to keep these settings. Sometimes, the resolution will not work with your screen and all you will see is black – if this happens, do not press any keys on the keyboard, the original working setting will come back after a few settings. This is very important because if you apply the settings that do not work, you will not be able to see anything on your screen which can create a problem!

Congratulations, you just changed your screen resolution in Windows Vista.

Find Treatments for Toe Nail Fungus

The growth of fungus in your toe nail can be the most disgusting thing that can ever happen to you. It creates a feeling of itchiness. Moreover, it can be the whole cause of your shame. Neverheless, you can certainly find treatment for toe nail fungus.

There are many ways on how you can solve your problem. If it is not really serious or simply mild, you can simply avoid seeing a doctor and make your own solution. There are several topical treatments that you can buy over the counter. They are also very cheap, so you do not have to be worried too much about the costs. Moreover, topical ointments and drugs do not pose any serious health problems because they do not have major side effects.

You can also find treatment for toe nail fungus right at your own home. You can use a mixture of tea tree oil as well as vinegar. You can also make use of pure oregano oil. However, you should remember that the effects of these home-made remedies may differ from person to person. Others may find them real effective while some need to complement them with anti-fungal drugs.

Needless, to say it is very important that you practice diligence and patience when you are treating yourself with toe nail fungus. This is because results do not come overnight. You also need to talk to your doctor too if you are trying to find treatment for toe nail fungus [http://cure-athletes-foot-permanently.blogspot.com/2007/09/cure-athletes-foot.html]. He can give you the best type of prescription drug and advice on how to deal with the infection.

What Are Short Sightedness and Long Sightedness – How to Correct Them

Short sightedness is also called nearsightedness or Myopia is a common vision problem when the eyes can focus on close objects but distant objects are blurry. Long sightedness, also call far sightedness or Hyperopia is the opposite of Myopia. The eyes can focus on distant objects but not on close objects.

These vision problems are very common, about 30 percent of Americans are nearsighted and 60 percent are farsighted to some degree.

The shortsighted eyeball is too long causing the image focused in front of the retina. The symptoms of nearsightedness are blurred vision but also eye strain and sometimes headache.

The causes of nearsightedness are partly genetic and partly environmental. A person who constantly does close work could end up with Myopia. You can be diagnosed with nearsightedness at any age even after age 40.

The farsighted eyeball is too short causing the image focused behind the retina. Again the result is blurred image.

Genetic factors play a role at developing long sightedness. If the farsighted eye is not corrected it can get worse. It is possible that one eye nearsighted one eye farsighted.

Myopia and Hyperopia can be combined with other eyesight problems especially with Astigmatism. The causes of Astigmatism are irregular shaped cornea or irregular shaped lens causing an out-of-focus vision.

Narsightedness and farsightedness can be corrected different ways. One solution is eyeglasses. Another solution is contact lenses. Glasses and contact lenses are not going to make your eyes better they just help the eyes to focus on the retina. Eye surgery is another possibility. With eye surgery there are some risks involved.

You can also correct your vision and actually improve your vision with eye exercises. There are nearsighted eye exercises and farsighted eye exercises. Eye exercises can help Astigmatism too.

How to Cure Stammering – What is the Root Cause?

Learning how to cure stammering was something that was top of my priority list not long ago. It was something I had suffered with since early childhood but I always assumed I would grow out of it; however as an adult I continued to suffer badly with speech. Read on to learn what I did to speak fluently and with confidence for the first time in my life and how you can do it too.

The main problem when learning how to cure stammering was actually coming to terms that there was no cure. After going back and forth to my doctor who kept making me do these silly speaking exercises that never really helped, I began to think that maybe I would be stuck with this condition for the rest of my life.

Growing up as a teenager with a stutter is probably one of the worst things a guy can go through, especially because other kids can be so cruel. I suffered badly with a confidence problem because of my stutter and this made it much harder to meet new people and make new friends. My social life was pretty poor, not to mention my lack of any type of success with girls! I mean what girl want’s to be with a shy, low confident stuttering guy anyway?

I knew that this was something I wanted to get rid of completely, not just learn to control, I wanted total fluency. I remember my doctor telling me to speak slower, so I did for a while. OK it may have helped a little bit but it made me sound like I was some sort of thick idiot! I didn’t want that, I wanted to speak normally like everybody else!

So I stopped going to see this doctor and instead went about trying to find out how to cure stammering my own way. After doing a lot of reading I realised that that the fact I was very shy and maybe even had a mild form of social anxiety didn’t help my problem. I discovered that I had to attack the root cause of my stutter.

In order to learn how to cure stammering I had to build up my broken confidence, and this is where it all begins. I met up with others stutterers and we discussed our problems together which really helped and we began to build our confidence with meeting new people and trying to be more open with people.

Treat Cold, Flu, and Ear Infection the Natural Way

With or without medication, the cold or the flu can give you real trouble. You can choose from a variety of medications that can give you some relief in symptoms or you can take the natural approach that may prevent, speed your recovery and help you to feel better along the way.

When is coming to children a cold or flu or other upper respiratory infection can also ends in an ear infection – acute otitis media – that appear in the space behind the eardrum, that is called the middle ear.

This is very common in children younger than age 8, as their immature ear can be easily infected. Their Eustachian tube (the tube that connects the throat and the middle ear) is shorter, softer and more horizontal which is more easily blocked by secretions than those of older children or adults. Also, very exposed could be infants because of their sucking habit. Always keep a breast or bottle feeding baby under an angle to prevent entering the liquid into theirs immature ear.

During a cold, throat infection, allergy or other upper respiratory infection, the Eustachian tube swells and prevents air from entering the middle ear, leading to allowing the secretions to enter to the middle ear and be trapped there. This leads to viruses and bacteria to grow and cause infection.

Using salt therapy you can prevent or reduce the symptoms in cold, flu or ear infection. If your baby has a stuffy nose and has difficulty breast- or bottle feeding or seems to be short of breath, the Salin device is the best. Using Salin during the night, while sleeps, your baby won’t wake you up because of the stuffy nose. He or she will be able to breathe normally, the inhaled saline will open the airways, will clean secretions and kill bacteria, reducing the duration of cold or flu and preventing an ear infection.

In the range of 0.1-2.5 microns – the same size as the most damaging micro particles from auto and industrial pollution, and invisible to the human eye — the micro particles of salt penetrate into every corner of the bronchi, bronchioles and alveoli and deposit upon the surface, cleaning secretions, killing microbes and bacteria, leading in turn to a reduction in inflammation. Acting as a mucokinetic, they restore the normal transport of mucus and unclog blockages in the bronchi and bronchioles and upper respiratory tract. The inhaled saline (NaCl) is hydrophilic, so it absorbs the edema from the mucosa lining the airway passages.

In the bronchial tree: Absorption of the inflammatory edema from the mucosa lining the bronchial tree, causing asthma, will be diminished, leading to widening of the airway passages. Also, it humidifies and fluidizes the bronchial secretions in the bronchial tree leading to the relief of the broncho- spasm assisting and improving the treatment of asthma.

In the nose and para-nasal sinuses, edema of the nasal mucosa, causing nasal obstruction, will be diminished, leading to widening of the airway passage in the nose and the tubes of the sinuses and improves the sinuses drainage.

In the auditory tube: Edema of the Eustachian tube mucosa, causing obstruction and otitis media, will be diminished, leading to widening of the airway passages, better drainage of the inflammatory secretions & better aeration behind the tympanic membrane (drum).

The hygiene of the respiratory tract has a very important place in treating an preventing a respiratory infection or ear infection. Here are some tips:

1. Use Salin device and Salt Pipe to clean all the respiratory tract.

2. Correctly blow your nose often – don’t blow your nose hardly as the pressure can carry secretions back into your ear passages. Press a finger over one nostril while you blow gently the other.

3. Clean your nose with saline solution: mix 1.25 g salt in 1 cup warm water (body temperature) or you can also add in half-half quantities salt and baking soda. Put few drops in every nostril.

4. Place an extra pillow under your head creating an angle. The best way is to place it under the mattress to create a smooth slope. This will help with nasal congestion and also prevent ear infection.

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Glaucoma Treatment – How to Manage Glaucoma

High intraocular pressure not only increases the risk of developing glaucoma, but also makes the progress of glaucoma and visual field defects. The cornerstone of the glaucoma treatment is to reduce intraocular pressure, or with drops or surgery. The progress of visual field defects may be suspended if near the eye pressure is reduced below 12 mm Hg, even patients with a type of glaucoma which are visual field defects and progress, despite pressure from the eye to the normal range (normal voltage glaucoma) , IOP declined by 30% is associated with a lower loss of vision.

Other strategies for independent eye pressure in glaucoma treatment are under study. These include increased blood flow to the optic nerve and offers a number of forms of neuroprotection. Maybe in the future are also other ways of intraocular pressure in glaucoma management to reduce. Until then, the reduction of intraocular pressure is the only way to reduce the risk of glaucoma visual field loss and remains the primary goal of treatment.

There are two important mechanisms for intra-ocular pressure: a) Reduce the amount of aqueous in the eye of reducing the production of aqueous, and 2) Increase the amount of the aqueous humor of eye, rarely the omission of the largest Part of the aqueous humor. Some drugs reduce the production of aqueous humor, while others raise the outflow. The aqueous humor leaves the eye by two routes: one that is sensitive to the pressure of the eye (trabecular way) and that operates independently of the pressure in the eye (the way uveoscleral).

Of all the options available, a reasonable first approximation would have been a drop in the eye causing intraocular pressure as low as possible to secure every patient to choose. The choice of the first agent is guided by patient characteristics and medical conditions. The driver is to avoid known problems with side effects while maintaining the convenience of a once-daily reducing to maximize compliance. The first drop in the eye may be Timoptic, Xalatan or Alphagan. Each patient must be checked regularly to ensure that the IOP was maintained at a level low enough to prevent the progress of glaucoma. If the intraocular pressure, a further reduction is needed, it is better to add a drop in the eye with a different mechanism of action as the original drug. For example, if the original eye drop Xalatan is used for work by increasing uveoscloral production, then the second bottle of Trusopt Timoptic drops at work by reducing production of aqueous humor. We discuss the key points to consider medication. We have used, because the brand is well known by names, but several drugs are available at the same efficiency and cost-effective generic form.

Alopecia Areata Treatment

There are two main forms of this condition which varies by the amount of hair loss and require different types of alopecia areata treatment. The mild form is where less than 50% of the hair is lost from thinning patches on the scalp and the more severe condition where more than 50% up to 100% of the hair is lost.

When diagnosing alopecia areata it is useful to have some background information about the disease. Alopecia areata is known as an autoimmune condition that can be highly unpredictable and which affects about 1.7% of the population. The body's white blood cells attack the hair follicles resulting in a stop in growth. It usually starts with one or two small round bald patches on the scalp, but can develop into a complete loss of hair, both on the scalp (alopecia totalis) and body (alopecia universalis). It is not known what triggers such attacks, whether the trigger coming from within, or from outside such as in the form of a virus.

Recent research seems to show that some people have genetic markers that increase both their susceptibility to the condition and to its severity. One in five people with the condition will have a relative who is also affected. This is especially true in those who develop the condition before the age of 30. It is more common in families which members also have conditions such as asthma, hay fever, eczema, thyroid disease, Addison's disease, rheumatoid arthritis, lupus erythematosus, vitiligo, Addison's disease or pernicious anemia.

The condition occurs in people of all ages and races and can have huge psychological effects which are exacerbated by the fact that the public at large do not generally understand this condition. It is sudden in sunset and can recur from time to time quite unpredictably.

There is no known cure for alopecia areata and hair loss is a side effect of the underlying disease. Current alopecia areata treatments therefore work by intensive stimulation of the hair follicles which needs to be continued for the duration of the disease.

The mild form of the disease is easier to treat and the most common form of treatment is to have monthly cortisone injections, injected directly into the bare scalp. These are usually quite painless giving a slight tingling sensation and have very few side effects such as minor skin depressions. This alopecia areata treatment is usually complimented with higher strength 5% topical minoxidil solution applied twice daily. Cortisone cream is sometimes used in combination with minoxidil for improved response and applied 30 minutes after the minoxidil application.

Another effective treatment is anthralin cream or ointment, a synthetic, tar-like substance widely used for psoriasis treatment. It is applied to the bare scalp once daily and as it can be a skin irritant is usually only left on for 30-60 minute periods then washed off. Successful treatments can stimulate new hair growth in eight to twelve weeks.

Extensive alopecia areata is much more difficult to treat and local injections of cortisone into the scalp are not that effective. In some cases cortisone pills are prescribed, these have a more powerful effect but there is a greater risk of side effects with extended use. In general they are not strictly prescribed apart from to young healthy adults who may have higher tolerance levels for the drug. Topical minoxidil at 5% strength is still the most common alopecia areata treatment and effective even for intensive alopecia areata. Another method that is used frequently in Canada and Europe is known as topical immunotherapy. This uses the chemicals diphencyprone (DPP) or squaric acid dibutyl ester (SADBE) to induce an allergic rash in the scalp. To date topical immunotherapy has been show to be the most effective alopecia areata treatment with 40% of patients regrowing hair after six months of treatment.

Sufferers of alopecia areata should not give up hope of a cure as there are many ongoing research projects are currently being undertaken. Some of the most promising involve gene therapy, stem cells research and hair follicle development and new alopecia areata treatments will continue to be made available.

For more general information about the causes of alopecia please visit our web site.

Use Suspense to Get Your Readers Engaged in Your Story

The element of suspense if something readers love. It may be heavy, and it can also be light, but when you add it into your story, your readers will keep reading until they get to the resolution. And is not that what you want?

But my biography, or my non-fiction book on train spotting does not need suspense, surely? Oh, yes it does. But more about that later.

Let's consider the two most usual types of suspense.

First there is the 'signpost' suspense. This is where something happens, or is said, or is described that hints at some exit, pleasant or unpleasant, in the future. Here is an example:

'I was shown into a dimly lit room. On one wall hung a painting. It was grimed with age, but I could make out the shapes of two people, a man and a woman. The man was holding a short sword in one hand, and as I looked, I felt a strange uneasiness creep over me. Why this was so I could not tell just then, but I wanted to leave that room and never come back. '

The reader will get the message that something about this painting forbodes ill for the future in the story. Notice the phrase 'just then', this tells the reader that later he or she did find out. It's a signpost, a hint of dark things to come. Your readers will keep reading to find out what it's all about.

Next there is the 'up to their eyes' suspense. The Indiana Jones stories, as well as many others, show the hero or heroine 'up to their eyes' in some desperate physical situation that is life threatening, or at the very least may seriously damage their health. Impossible car chases and underground paths filled with rats come to mind. If you want to keep your readers frantically turning pages you need to keep them in trouble situations through in order to build up the suspense.

Sometimes the suspense is a little less fraught with physical danger. For instance in a romance story you can keep your readers in a state of agitation which hangs on when the heroine is going to marry the rich squir or turn him down for the penniless farmers son.

What about the biography or non-fiction book? Believe it or not, the same applies to them. For example:

'When I was 17 I longed to join the Army and fight for my country. So I went down to the recruiting office, lied about my age, and got enlisted. If only I had known what this decision would have made to my life and to that of my parents, I would never have been so rash. '

You can see that readers will want to find out how this decision changed all those lives.

'One of the most serious forms of blight is orange spot. Many gardeners say it can not be cured but I'm going to let you into my own secret cure later in this chapter. '

It's a good idea to plan at what point the suspense occurs and at what point it is resolved. In all probability the object of suspense and it's resolution in a short story may be the reason for the story in the first place. In a book you may want to have a series of suspenseful situations through. Make sure these suspenseful episodes vary in intensity, though, as we do not want readers in a state of near apoplexy from cover to cover!

The Mouse and the Measles

I never thought I would be dealing with measurements in my lifetime. It was just another morning. We were all awake and rushing around the house to get ready for work. I think we all had a little post-vacation stress syndrome. We had spent the previous week on vacation at the great home of the mouse! It had to be the largest amusement park I had ever been too. They advertise amazing four night, five day travel deals but they neglect to include the cost of food and some of the adjacent activities. We spent a lot of money but it will be a lasting memory for the kids.

As I poked my head into my daughter's room, I was not sure she was awake. I reached across her bed and tugged on her shoulder. She rolled over and it was quite a shock. He face was covered with red spots. Of course the first thing that crossed my mind was measles. I could not believe it considering we had lightly taken the kids to a Southern Chicago Suburbs Hospital just a few years ago for their booster shots.

Measles has been all but eradicated in the United States but there are still a few cases that pop up. It is much more of a problem in third world countries but the vaccine is being used more broadly these days. There was a burst of cases in England in 2007 but the spread was quickly stamped by aggressive treatment and further vaccination. In the United States, most schools require the vaccination before even giving the child enter the school. In our world of modern medicine, the fatality rate for measles is only 3 deaths per 1,000 cases!

I took my daughter to Wilmington Illinois Hospital for treatment. She had the classic symptoms including a high fever, runny nose, red eyes and persistent cough. Of course, this is toppled off by the tell-tale spots – actually a rash covering the entire body and associated with the high fever. The fever can reach 104 degrees and the whole episode lasts approximately four days. Recovery takes less than a week but we knew the hospital could help alleviate the symptoms.

The doctor at Wilmington Hospital explained that measles can be spread through bodily fluids including being too close to the sneeze of an infected person. He had heard there was a small outbreak that stemmed from a foreign visitor at the amusement park; very unusual but still possible.

Nursing Rabbits: How To Care For A Sick Rabbit

A sick rabbit should only be nursed at home by veterinary instruction ie if your rabbit is sick, always see a vet first and foremost. There are several circumstances in which your vet may ask you to nurse your rabbit at home rather than keeping it at the vet's surgery. For example, if your rabbit has had an operation, most commonly neutering or spaying, or is suffering from a long term illness such as Pasteurella or E.Cuniculi.

Environment

Sick rabbits should always be kept in a warm, draughts free environment. If you have an outdoor rabbit, you will need to bring it indoors so you can keep it warm and supervise it properly. Set up an indoor cage with some blankets and a litter tray in it and make sure there is always clean, fresh water available.

For house rabbits (no cage), you can let them go to their usual den or sleeping area but make sure it is comfortable, clean and they have fresh water close by.

Medication

Rabbit medicines commonly given at home such as Metacam, Baytril, Panacur and Fibreplex are administrated orally so it is important that you know how to syringe feed your rabbit (see below).

Syringe feeding

Whatever illness your rabbit has, the most common output is that your rabbit is unwilling to eat. Rabbits have very sensitive digestive systems and any kind of pain is likely to affect their eating habits first. It is very important to keep their digestive system moving to avoid the risk of gut stasis and rabbits who are not eating need to be syringe fed every couple of hours.

Recovery Food or Critical Care is available from vets, some pet stores and online retailers. It comes in saaches and needs to be mixed with a little water to form a paste. This is then fed to the rabbit with a small syringe (again, available from vets or retailers); about 2 to 3 syringe-fulls every 2 hours.

Settle your rabbit on a non-slippery surface on a table – it sometimes helps to wrap them in a blanket. Place the rabbit facing away from you with its bottom against your tummy. Hold the rabbit's head gently but firmly with one hand while you insert the syringe into its mouth. If the rabbit clenches its teeth, move the syringe round until you find the gap at the side of its mouth and wiggle it in gently. Depress the syringe slowly – this is critical so the rabbit has time to swallow as otherwise there is a risk the rabbit will inhale the food and choke. Hold the rabbit until you are sure the food has been swallowed as many rabbits hold it in their mouth then spit it out. If the rabbit spits any food out onto its chest, wipe it away – for rabbits with large dewlaps it helps to tuck a napkin or tissue over the dewlap.

Syringe feeding can be tricky and takes practice so it is advisable to ask your veterinary nurse to demonstrate first and to have two people present the first time you try it.

Cleaning / bathing

Rabbits are normally very clean and groom themselves from head to toe several times a day. A sick rabbit, however, may be unable or unwilling to do this and this can lead to skin problems if the rabbit is not kept clean. Full rabbit baths should be avoided whenever possible but if your rabbit has poo stuck around its bottom you can give it a bottom bath. Put a few inches of warm water in a sink and gently lower your rabbit's bottom into it. Loosen the poo from its fur with gentle rubbing – you can use a pet or baby shampoo if necessary. Dry the rabbit thoroughly with a towel and put it by a radiator or other warm place until its fur is completely dry.

If your rabbit's chin (dewlap) is dirty from dribbled food wipe this clean with a soft damp cloth, otherwise the skin can become irritated and sore.

Nursing a rabbit at home is time consuming and can be stressful, particularly syringe feeding, but the rabbit will generally do better in its own environment away from the stresses of a vet surgery. However, it can be difficult – particularly with more obstacle rabbits – so if you are in any doubt about whether you can manage it ask your vet to care for the rabbit instead.

Copyright 2011 Hannah Davis / Bunnyhugga. All Rights Reserved.

Do MMR Vaccines Cause Autism?

Autism is a neurological disorder; observable symptoms of this disability include disruption of speech, difficulty in social exchanges, and demonstration of consistent behavior. There are lots of arguments on this disorder regarding a possible link between vaccines and autism. The MMR (mumps, measles, and rubella) vaccines are prime suspect for autism. It appears that the number of diagnosed cases of autism increases since the inception and use of MMR vaccine.

Medical Scientists and statistician collected lots of data and information to find the relation between MMR vaccines and autism. Two considerations regarding the debate over vaccines and autism are the claim of increased cases, and the results of studies that evaluated a possible correlation between vaccines and autism.

Do increased Cases of Autism are Conclusive Evidence?

A report on similar study in the State of California suggests a possible correlation between vaccines and autism. The report hints at a marked rise in cases of autism and correlates this increase with an increase in the MMR vaccine being administered. However, the argument can be made that it’s important to take into account other data trends within this time frame.

For example, it’s important to note that even though there was a rise in diagnosed cases of autism there was also a corresponding rise in the population. The argument could be made that an increase in population alone would increase the number of diagnosed cases of autism. In addition, awareness and education initiatives may be factors that led to the early diagnosis of autism in children, which has resulted in an apparent increase in the number of cases.

What’s the conclusion of Medical Society?

A number of studies have been conducted from the mid-1970s to the present time to ascertain any correlation between the administering of vaccines and autism. In addition these studies have been conducted in various countries, researching different variables of the vaccines and autism, as well as by several different research entities.

One study examined the incidences of autism before and after the use of MMR and found no variations. Another study focused on the vaccine itself and found no evidence to substantiate the triggering of autism by MMR. In addition, an additional study looked at autistic children. This study determined that the age of diagnosis was the same whether the MMR vaccine was administered prior to or after 18 months of age.

Studies Suggesting a Correlation – Or Not

There are studies that have been conducted that suggest a relationship between vaccines and autism. These studies imply that the digestive system is affected by a viral infection introduced by the MMR vaccine can lead to autism. Unfortunately, the majority of the studies were suspect when other researchers were unable to reach the same conclusion, showing that the methods of research were flawed. However, one study conducted in 2002 showed a possible link between the MMR vaccine and a developmental disorder. This particular study did go on to say, however, that the reverse could be true in that the developmental disorder caused the viral infection.

Vaccines are doing well to public health by arresting some critical diseases. Till today, no conclusive medical evidence has been proven. This is the most favorable arguments in favor of vaccine safety.

Want to Avoid Sleep Paralysis and Sleep Better? Read This Now

In trying to avoid sleep paralysis we should know how this condition is brought about and how it manifests it self. In the following paragraphs I will give an in depth and yet simple to understand overview of the illness and what you can do to avoid it. Sleep paralysis has been acknowledged as a medical condition that is classified under sleeping disorders. It always occurs during the periods when people are about fall asleep or just coming out of sleep.

When people are having dreams; the brain automatically paralyzes the body as a protective measure. This is so that the action that is occurring in a person’s dream is not translated into actual actions. The process of the body coming out of sleep into a state of full consciousness is a gradual and not immediate process.

If however it happens that during these episodes that we experience dreams we attain consciousness whilst the body is still asleep. You become trapped between the two states of consciousness where the dream you are having is a partial reality for you. You try and move but because the body understands that it’s in a dream you are paralyzed. I know how terrifying that can be and would want to avoid sleep paralysis as much as you.

So what can you do to prevent it? Firstly you need to maintain a constant sleep pattern. Try and always go to sleep and wake up at the same time everyday. Inconsistent sleep patterns are disruptive to normal sleep.

If you want to avoid sleep paralysis then your room should be free of disturbances that will affect your brain in your state of sleep. Avoid light and sound which tend to quickly bring the brain out of sleep. This is an extensive subject that has been well researched; more detailed and comprehensive answers are available.