Important Updates Regarding the H1N1 Flu

A presidential advisory panel recently informed that the H1N1 virus, formerly known as swine flu, could cause up to 90,000 deaths in the US this year, which is a substantial increase from the 64,000 individuals who usually die during flu season. The President's Council of Advisors on Science and Technology has also reported that the H1N1 flu could infect between 30 and 50 percent of the US population this fall and winter, and the government is urging the American population to take this threat seriously.

While health officials ensure us a vaccine for the H1N1 flu is being tested, one is not likely to become available until mid-October, which leaves us particularly vulnerable as we head into flu season this year. The following tips are recommended by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, to reduce your risk of illness and help prevent the spread of H1N1 flu.

Wash hands periodically through the day with soap and water for at least 20 seconds at a time

Alcohol-based hand cleaners can be an effective way to ward off germs as well

Avoid touching your mouth, eyes or nose

Always cough and sneeze into a tissue and then immediately throw the tissue away

Stay at least six feet away from people who are sick, and if you're sick, limit your contact with others

If you become ill, stay home and stay there for at least 24 fever-free hours without the aid of medications

Improve your immune system by eating a balanced diet, getting enough sleep and exercising regularly

Keep updated on the availability of the H1N1 vaccine, and get your seasonal flu vaccination as soon as it's available

H1N1 flu symptoms are much like other flu viruses: fever, cough, sore throat, runny / stuffy nose, body aches, headache, chills and fatigue. Some people have also reported diarhea and vomiting. It's important to remember that the H1N1 flu is still the flu and panicking will not help anyone. No, you can not catch it from eating pork and no, racing to the nearest emergency room is not necessary. As a matter of fact, a visit to the emergency room could have exposed you to the very germs you should avoid. If you are seriously worried, always call your doctor's office first and listen to their instructions. You should especially call your doctor if your fever is unusually high or has lasted longer than three days, if you're having difficulties breathing or producing fluid, if your fever returns after a few days, or if you've developed dark spots on your hands or mouth.

Can the Flu Virus Really Spread in a Swimming Pool?

The flu has become a great concern to many people. This is especially the case with the rise of the H1N1 strain. When in the swimming pool it helps to know that this condition can be tough to pass around. It will still be important to handle all proper cleaning processes though.

A study by the Center for Disease Control states that some types of this condition can be disinfected by chlorine. Recommended levels of chlorine for a swimming pool have been found to be able to disinfect some types of flu viruses. This has been found to be the case for the avian strain of flu. It is not fully certain as to whether or not the H1N1 form can be handled.

Even with this factor the there is no way how this can be fully disinfected in pool water. Germs that can get into the water over time can still be found around the water. This is because of how the effects of chlorine in the water can easily weaken over time unless new chlorine materials are inserted into the water. Therefore the effectiveness of the chlorine to kill off germs can vary.

The virus can be spread in areas that are outside of a swimming pool. These include handlebars for getting in and out of the pool, physical areas for any diving boards and even materials that are around the locker rooms of a pool area. A pool area can be treated like a public place in many cases and as a result it can be a place where it can spread just as easily.

A good thing to do with regards to helping to keep from getting in contact with the flu is to be sure to wash oneself before and after getting into a swimming pool. It also helps to be sure to avoid going to a pool if one is not feeling well. This is so that it will be easier to keep from getting the flu virus to spread around.

Some flu forms can be disinfected in a swimming pool but it is not all forms of this condition are known to be able to be handled easily. It will be important to be aware of how it can spread in areas outside of the water though. Fortunately using a few processes for cleaning can help to keep the virus from being spread at a pool.

Is Whole Wheat Pasta Really Healthier?

Whole-wheat pasta is generally known to be better for you because whole-wheat pasta contains the entire grain seed. Whole-wheat pasta contains vitamins, minerals and fiber, some of which are lost in the refining process when pasta is made from refined and processed flour.

The main reason that so many people prefer processed pasta, to whole-wheat pasta, is that the processed pasta has a slightly different taste and texture than the whole-wheat variety, and many people have become accustomed to processed pasta. It is true that whole grain pasta is better for you, and offers health benefits that you will not find in processed pasta.

Whole-wheat pasta is brown and has a stronger taste than the pasta that most people are accustomed to eating. It comes in many different shapes and sizes. Some people say the differences take some getting used to while others notice very little difference.

Whole-wheat pasta is not only higher in natural nutrients but it also contains more fiber. In addition, whole-wheat pastas tend to have a lower glycemic index. What this means is that it will not raise your insulin level. This is very important if you are a diabetic or trying to lose weight.

Although people have grown accustomed to the mellow taste and texture of refined pasta, whole-wheat pasta is higher in protein, and tends to be more filling, so you eat less. It becomes lighter as it cooks and can be quite delicious when served with flavorful sauces.

It is a common misconception that pasta is a very fattening food. Pasta is not necessarily fattening as it is made from grain, which is a naturally low fat food. It is the sauce that you put on the pasta that adds the calories to the meal. If you want to eat pasta but keep your calorie count low, you could eat whole-wheat pasta topped with a low calorie sauce.

As a result of new technology, today's whole-wheat pasta has improved in the past few years to be even more palatable with better texture. Some of today's whole-wheat pasta is very tasty when cooked correctly and complimented with the right sauces.

Dieticians and doctors will usually tell you that whole-wheat pasta is your best choice for health. You will get far more nutrition and fewer calories that you will with refined pasta.

By choosing whole grain pasta, you can put your favorite Italian dishes back on the menu without sacrificing your health.

Infections of a Surgical Wound

Wounds typically break the continuity of the skin and permit organizations to have access to tissues and cause infection.

The first thing that you might want answered is what are wound infections? By definition a wound infection is a surgical site infection or SSI. There are the following varieties of a surgical site infection or SSI.

– A superficial incisional SSI. This is an infection that involves only skin and subcutaneous tissue.

– A deep incisional SSI. This is an infection that involves deep tissues, such as facial and muscle layers.

– An organ / space SSI. This is an infection that involves a part of the body in organs and spaces other than the incision that was opened or manipulated during an operation.

This, as you can see, is a definition of wound infection which is restricted to infections as a result of a surgical incision. If you take a broader view a more general definition would be infection of a wound which was caused by physical injury of the skin as a result of penetrating trauma from plants, animals, guns, knives or other objects.

In a hospital one of the most commonly acquired infections are infections forming in surgical wounds. These are also known to be a cause of morbidity and mortality.

The next question that might come to your mind is what causes wound infections?

In simple terms an infection in a wound is the result of deposition and multiplication of microorganisms in the surgical site of a suspect host. There are various ways in which microorganisms can find their way into wounds. These include:

– Through direct contact. Here germs are transferred from surgical equipments or the hands of the surgeons or nurses to the wound.

– Via airborne dispersal. Micro organisms are deposited by the surrounding contaminated air.

– Self-pollution. This is a result of migration of the patient's own endogenous flora. These are present on the skin, mucous membranes or gastrointestinal tract to the surgical site.

The organisms that are mostly most commonly associated with wound infections include Staphylococcus aureus / MRSA, Streptococcus pyogenes, Enterococci and Pseudomonas aeruginosa.

To be categorized as a surgical wound infection some symptoms are as follows:

– Infection should occur within thirty days of the operation.

– There is purulent discharge from the site of the surgery.

– There is a purulent discharge from the wound or from the drain placed in wound.

– There are organizations found in the aseptically acquired wound culture.

Symptoms And Signs Of A Stroke

When the brain does not get enough oxygen, it is unable to perform its usual functions. Symptoms of a stroke depend on the area of ​​the brain that is affected and the amount of damage done to the brain tissue.

If a stroke is small, there are no symptoms but it does cause damage to the brain tissue. Such a stroke is called a silent stroke. However, symptoms of a stroke manifest themselves either in a few minutes or a few hours. Symptoms of a stroke may appear and disappear, or disappear completely, or become worse in few hours. Around one third of all strokes during sleep and symptoms of a stroke are felt and noticed after waking up.

Symptoms Of A Stroke

o Weakness in the arm or leg, or both on the same side of the body

o Numbness of feeling of pins and needles may be present on one side of the body or part of a side

o Problems in coordination. You may find it difficult to keep your balance or face problems in picking up things

o Facial muscles may start drooping

o Slurring in speech and you are not able to control the movements of your tongue and lips

o Having problems in swallowing

o Experiencing dizziness

o Sudden and severe headache

o Loss of peripheral vision or blindness

o Sudden confusion

o You may become unconscious

o Paralysis

o Vomiting

o Seizure

o You may face difficulty in walking

Signs Of A Stroke

Most people do not experience any signs of warning when a stroke is about to happen.

PRA in Dogs – What You Need to Know About Progressive Retinal Atrophy

PRA in dogs actually refers to a whole group of hereditary eye diseases. Technically known as progressive retinal atrophy, it involves the degeneration of the retina in a dog's eye. The bad news is that it almost always leads to total and permanent blindness. The good news is that it is not painful. I know that does not sound like much of an upside, but your dog might disagree.

Symptoms

This one really sneaks up on both you and your dog. You will not see any squinting, redness or weepy eyes – and it's amazing how well a dog can adapt to slow loss of vision. He already knows the layout of the land – and your house – and his nose can help fill in the gaps. You may not notice the problem at all until you rearrange furniture or take him to a strange place. That's when he'll be hesitant to take off exploring like he used to do. You suddenly have a doggie burr stuck to your leg, and you wonder when that started. Ah, he'll never tell!

Diagnosis and Treatment

A veterinary ophthalmologist can tell you, after a quick and painless exam, if your dog has progressive retinal atrophy. The retina tells the whole story. And it's news you did not really want to hear. Unfortunately, there is currently no treatment for PRA in dogs. Your beloved pooch will probably lose his eyesight altogether, in time.

Coping With PRA In Dogs

Though it's natural to feel sorry for your dog, he'll be much happier if you treat him just like you always have. He can still hear your loving voice, and smell all those delicious smells in the world around him. There are ways to help him cope with his blindness and learn to lead a reliably normal life. He'll still be the happy dog ​​he was before – as long as you do not rearrange the furniture!

Alopecia Barbae – An Explanation For Balding Facial Hair

Patches of hair loss in the beard is a unique variety of hair loss known as Alopecia Barbae. This condition is portrayed by little circular shaped spots of facial hair loss. It is a type of alopecia so it is in the same class of hair loss as male pattern baldness. Basically, the it is unknown what causes facial hair loss and there is no known way to inhibit Alopecia Barbae. For some men, the bald patches can stay for a lifetime while others experience hair regrowth a few weeks after it fell out.

Although Alopecia Barbae is regarded as harmless, it can diminish a man’s self-esteem and reputation. It is not connected to any other diseases and does not diminish your health in any way. Men who experience Alopecia Barbae once can commonly experience it again at another point in time though this variety of alopecia doesn’t indicate or raise your likelihood for other types of alopecia or loss of hair. There is no way to predict when you may experience another patch of hair loss because, despite popular belief, this form of hair loss is not triggered by stress.

Alopecia Barbae is a reasonably uncommon type of alopecia. Only about two percent of humans suffers from a variety of alopecia areata where hair falls out in occasional areas. Researchers have concluded it is an autoimmune condition where your immune system erroneously assaults healthy human cells because it believes the body is under attack. With alopecia your immune system attacks the hair follicles. The roots of hair follicles become inflamed and the hair can fall out sometimes in just a couple of days. Thankfully, different from the majority of autoimmune conditions, the hair follicles can repair with time and the bald patches can completely fill in.

Dermatologists commonly care for this loss of hair with cortisone injections. The medical doctor will inject many tiny doses of cortisone in the area affected by baldness. Your body naturally creates cortisone with the adrenal glands. It’s basically regarded as a reliable procedure though unintended effects can include skin thickening or sunken areas in the skin at the site of the injection that normally cures itself over time. You could also be prescribed cortisone capsules that you swallow.

The actual harm of Alopecia Barbae is to a man’s self-esteem. Though the issue doesn’t damage the body, society commonly interprets patches of hair loss to indicate significant disease and labels that person as “sickly”. Remedies can help the majority of men regenerate all or part of their facial hair. Some men opt to just shave their facial hair off completely rather than have a spotty beard.

A Universally-Recommended Vaccine for Sheep and Lambs

Flock vaccinations are a vital part of raising healthy sheep and lambs. One of the most highly-recommended and used flock inoculations is called the CD-T toxoid. The CD-T toxid offers multifaceted protection in three ways: protecting against enterotoxaemia caused by Clostridium perfringens types C and D, as well as, Tetanus (also referred to as lockjaw) caused by Clostridium tetani. Continue reading to learn more about this vital vaccine and the common lamb and sheep diseases it protects against.

3 Way, 7 Way, and 8 Way Clostridal Vaccines for Sheep

Although the typical 3-way clostridal vaccine is sufficient in most cases, there are also 7-way and 8 way clostridal vaccines available, which provide further coverage against clostridial diseases such as malignant edema and blackleg. Vaccination against Tetanus and types C and D enterotoxaemia are the most common and effective options for sheep and lamb flocks.

Types C and D Enterotoxaemia Vaccines

Also known as “hemorrhagic enteritis” or “bloody scours,” Type C Enterotoxaemia is more common in young lambs, often born within a few weeks of time. The primary implication of this disease is that it causes a bloody infection in the lamb’s small intestinal system. The actual cause of this disease is sometimes difficult to assess since there are several conditions it relates too, including a sudden increase in milk supply (perhaps when a littermate is removed), change in feed (i.e. bacterial growth, creep feeding, etc.), chronic indigestion, and even genetic predispositions. Inoculating dams in their early stages of pregnancy is a common method for preventing type C Enterotoxaemia, followed by vaccinating lambs at 7 or 8 weeks old.

Type D Enterotoxaemia is very similar to type C in that it can be caused by much of the same conditions and underlying genetic predispositions. However, it is mostly predicated by overeating, giving it its colloquial moniker of “pulpy kidney disease.” Lambs over the age of one month are common targets of this disease. In most cases, fast growing lambs in the flock are affected with they already have a bacteria in their gut that proliferates as a result of a sudden change in feed. This excess bacterial growth causes a toxic reaction that is commonly fatal. The type D Enterotoxaemia vaccine is effective at preventing this condition when administered to dams during pregnancy.

Tetanus

It is important to administer a tetanus anti-toxin at the time of docking and castrating in lambs. This is especially important if elastrator bands are being used. Although temporary, this vaccine gives immediate protection against Clostridium tetani. In contrast, tetanus toxoid vaccines offer more adequate protection, but take at least 10 day or more to become effective in the blood stream. They also require periodic booster shots to remain effective.

Nearsightedness (Myopia) Is Not a Life Sentence – Get Your Vision Back in Natural Ways

It is commonly believed that nearsightedness (myopia) is caused by over working our eyes at near distance objects for a lengthy period, such as reading, writing, stitching, working on the computer. By over doing our eyes in the above manner, the eye muscles are forced to contract for a long period of time. In order to focus up close on these tasks, the eye muscles must contract for a length of time. Over time, the eyeball is slightly longer and flatter than the lens requires. As a result, light entering a myopic eye converges just before the retina (where the image is formed) and the resulting vision is blurred and out of focus.

Research shows that nearsightedness may not be determined by genetic factors alone, but habit, life style and the environment may also play a significant role.

Optometrists traditionally treat nearsightedness, with glasses or contact lenses, which do not cure the eye impairment, on the contrary it has been known that they may worsen the problem.

In the hands of a laser eye surgeon, patients are usually offered to undergo eye surgery which has its own risk and is very expensive.

The good news is there are better and effective options to treat nearsightedness and give you the chance to put away your glasses for good and have a carefree life. Your eyes are too beautiful to be hidden behind thick glasses. With this method you do not need to spend thousands of dollars to undergo surgery treatment.

Modern treatment of nearsightedness now include a method of reducing near-point stress. The most important thing is not to wear distance glasses for reading, because these usually increase near-point stress and make the myopia worse. This method is widely known helping thousand pair of eyes to regain normal condition.

Low Myopia

If you're developing myopia at early stage, it may be possible to return to normal or near-normal vision quite easily. We suggest you do not wear corrective lenses or wear them as little as possible, provided its safe to do so. Exercise daily as recommended to increase your natural focusing power.

Medium to High Myopia

Practice eye exercises to trigger the brain's ability to control eye alignment, eye tracking and eye teaming, eye abilities, eye movements and visual processing. Master them well to acquire new vision skill. After that you will need you will need other visual program to strengthen you vision permanently.

Of course, the amount of improvement varies from person to person but the important thing is that your vision will get better gradually instead of steadily getting worse. And when you feel the new power in your eyes and see your world becoming clearer, you'll never want to go back to your glasses.

Here are basic exercises to help to improve nearsightedness:

Palming:

Cover you eyes (no pressure on the eyes), place your fingertips at hairline and put your fingers overlapped. Your elbows should rest on table or pillows placed on your lap. Close your eyes, relax and let your mind go as far as possible and keep breathing.

Swinging:

Rotate your body from left to right and back, turn on your waist. Eyes, torso and head move together. Do not look at anything as you swing; concentrate your movement only.

Sunning:

Go outside and enjoy the sun in the morning or late afternoon. Close your eyes and relax. Let the sun shine onto your lids then sway back and fort. Do not look directly at the sun.

Allow the warmth of the sun to penetrate deeply into your eyes and forehead. Keep breathing.

By following the above steps, you are in the process of improving your nearsightedness. Practice them everyday, and complete the process with other useful therapy and, you will gradually need to use weaker set of lenses.

Have The Best Sex – Stroke Now, Ejaculate Later!

A Key point in establishing great sex!

Endurance is one component that women find to be extremely beneficial for them just as well as you! She will grow to appreciate you more for this technique I will link shortly! This technique will enable you to explore and reach her inner excitement! The time for a woman to achieve orgasm fluctuates, but most will require over 30 minutes. Just imagine extending and implementing your favorite sexual positions with your lover for a longer period of time! The results will pay off in the end.

What happens when you lack sexual knowledge?

Cheating can occur if you don’t know how to please your woman. The secret is that you have to know what she wants and how she wants it. Not knowing sexual techniques means a limited sex life that is bound to be boring and repetitive without room for creativity! Many people turn to pornography for educational purposes, although it is helpful to some degree, it will not remedy the kind of ejaculatory training you will need to last longer in bed without ejaculating too early! The best way to prolong an erection is to study the ejaculatory training methods.

What you can do to be the alpha male your woman wants you to be!

Energy, will, confidence, diligence, and passion! Because you don’t have to feel sorry for yourself. If you gain knowledge, you will feel better about your sexuality and even be open to talk about it openly to your lover. The benefit of knowing will lead you to be more confident in establishing a social life with any girl you want! Get to know her and show her your sexual alpha male techniques! Best benefit of all, She will tell her girlfriends how SEXUALLY DOMINANT you are! It’s time to shine a new light in your sexual life! Now is the time!

What is Areata Alopecia?

Alopecia Areata is the name given to a condition where round bald spots appear on your skin and scalp. The hair loss is very sudden and quite often drastic. Alopecia is a disorder that causes a patient's immune cells to attack their own hair-growing tissue for unknown reasons. Usually a trigger is needed to start the process (often in the form of a virus)

There are three basic stages of Alopecia Areata:

1. Sudden hair loss. The patient will notice a bald spot. Which may appear minimal at first.

2. The bald area will enlarge; hair loss will increase in the immediate area of ​​sighted balding.

3. New hair will grow in place of the lost hair. This process is different for everyone. Hair may start growing in a matter of weeks, months, sometimes more than one year. Neverheless, it's very rare that hair does not grow back.

Not Just the Scalp

Patients who start losing hair from their body (including eyebrows and eyelashes) are very wrinkled. They have every reason to feel this way. Alopecia Areata acts in such a way that it's very unnatural. But these patients are not alone in their experiences. Most patients do not realize that the symptoms that they're experiencing are all attributes of Alopecia-a temporary condition.

Common Misconceptions:

While many patients blame stress, medication, and poor diet; there is not any clinical proof that these claims coincide with the balding disorder. Unfortunately, doctors do not know why a patient's immune cells turn on the body and cause this condition. Despite this lack of information, studies do show that Alopecia Areata commonly occurs in patients who family members have had the condition. Alopecia Areata is not contagious.

Treatment:

While patience is an important asset with this condition, your physician may suggest cortisone shots (which promote and stimulate hair growth). Although Cortisone shots have been very successful with Alopecia patients, these shots are very painful. The average patient who opts for this treatment receives twenty to thirty shots into each patch, once per month. This treatment is only effective for the immediate area that has been injected. It does not assist hair growth in other bald areas.

Unfortunately, doctors can not predict if this treatment will work for you. There are no guaranteed results. A prescription cortisone cream is another solution, which can be applied to the bald area. Cortisone cream is not painful and can be easily applied in the privacy of your home.

Low Backache

Definition. The term includes many types of pain on the lower part of the back viz,, pain at the sacrum, coccyx, on the lumbar spine, soreness on the back and sciatica; low backache is more common in women than in men.

Causes

A. Gynaecological causes. These form less important causes of low backache. The causes may be as follows:

(1) Uterine prolapse with retroversion may drag on the pelvic ligaments causing backache; this gets relieved on lying.

(2) tubo ovarian mass, parametritis and chronic cervicitis;

(3) benign and malignant pelvic tumours impacted uterine fibroid or ovarian cyst, pelvic endametriosis, advanced carcinoma of cervix, retroperitoneal tumour;

(4) postoperative because of sacro iliac strain following gynaecological operation in lithotomy position under anaesthesia;

(5) Premenstrual low – pain especially in premenstrual syndrome.

Site of backache due to gynaecological cause is sacral but never extends above fourth lumbar vertebra; it has got bilateral distribution but not localised. Causes mentioned above do not necessarily produce backache in all cases.

1. Orthopaedic causes. These are the commonest cause. There are numerous factors that can play. Some important ones are the following-

(i) Sacro iliac strain or subluxation this often follows pregnancy and labour. Pain is felt on lifting weight or stooping move¬ment. There may be tenderness at the sacroiliac joint;

(ii) postural cause muscular and ligamentary strain on the back is possible due to postural defect. Obesity may also cause such strain;

(iii) Spinal arthritis ;

(iv) congenital anomalies sacralization of last lumbar vertebra or lumbarisation of first sacral vertebra, spina bifida occulta may cause back pain;

(v) lumbago this is due to myositis of the lumbar region;

(vi) coccygodynia pain at the coccyx commonly following labour. Tenderness can be elicited on movement of the coccyx ;

(vii) other spinal diseases prolapse of intervertebral disc, caries spine, spinal cord compression.

Sites of pain in orthopaedic cause vary according to the particular lesion But pain tends to be localised with tenderness at a site; pain is also related to exercise or rest. Sacroiliac strain becomes worse at night while lying flat on back or turning to the side.

II. Nonorthopaedic causes.

(1) Renal pain distribution of pain is characteristic i.e. unilateral arising at the Join.

(2) Rectal pain. Constipation, rectal spasm or carcinoma may have sacral pain or discomfort.

In some cases, no demonstrable cause for backache can be found. psychological upset is alleged to be a factor to play in this group.

Investigations.

1. Careful history taking, thorough clinical examination of the patient’s general condition, pelvic condition, should be done. Examination of spine and back especially for any local tenderness is essential. Radiology of lurnbosacral region is al¬ways taken to detect any evident lesion. Urological investigations should be taken up in cases suggesting the cause.

2. Cases showing no gynaecological factor for backache should be referred to the orthopaedic surgeon.

Treatment. This is done according to the cause. The gynaecological causes are treated. For the orthopaedic causes, local application of heat, local massage of some liniment, rest, analgesics can be instituted before the orthopaedist takes up the cause for treatment.

Is the BMI Chart an Exact Indicator of Obesity?

You know a BMI chart, with height in feet and ins along the Y axis and weight in lbs along the X axis. How can this weight chart be passed off as real science?

BMI chart is actual science because it conveys really information – a human combination of height and weight suggests an increased risk of dangerous health problem. While Body Mass Index is severely infallible on a individual basis, there's a reason it's been adopted by the WHO (World Health Organization), the Centers for Disease Control and others. Mostly, it works!

Numerous assume that the notification of weight chart was hatched quite recently, some other product of weight-loss modern culture. It's not so. It comes back to the mid-1800s and the writings of the Belgian mathematician statistician and astronomer Quetelet. He compiled extended statistics on the proportions of the anatomy in an endeavor to define the physical features of the average human. He discovered that if he divided people's weight in kilograms by the square of their height in ms, he could use the results to compare several persons body types independently of their size – a useful conjuring trick in his job.

In the 1960's, when those analyzing the relationship 'tween body weight and cardiovascular health began to honestly think about how to measure what kind of shape people were in. Succeeding analysis showed that the Quetelet index, rechristened the Body Mass Index in 1972, as a matter of fact correlated well with other more linear measurements of body fat. Experts have concluded that BMI chart is both a reliable and convenient indicator of obesity.

A great part of weight chart (BMI chart) value resides in its ease of use. Plugging 2 really readily obtained pieces of data into a simple formula gets you a figure that with sensible truth sorts people into 4 classes. Underweight (Body Mass Index below 18.5), normal (18.5 to 24.9), overweight (25 to 29.9), and obese (30 and up). And many analyzes find a clear direct correlation 'tween BMI and incidence of diverse unhealthinesses as arterial sclerosis, hypertension, diabetes, apoplexy and various types of cancer. Mostly the danger factor jumps as BMI chart gets into the obese grade; mortality rates from all causes are 50 to 100 pct greater for those with a Body Mass Index of 30 or higher compared to people with weight chart as normal.

This is not to say that BMI chart is without limits. It's good for estimating the condition of groups of people, only used to assess anyone human it can sometimes make an ify result. Because it does not differiate 'tween fat weight and muscle weight, and because muscle is heavier than fat, people who are muscular tend to score as fatter than they really are. BMI chart also hushes up the effect of fat distribution – superfluous weight carried around the waist is less healthful than extra ins on the hips. The link 'tween Body Mass Index and health Is not all of the time straightforward. For the aged a BMI can be a risky sign. Also found that people with weight chart in the overweight grade may face no greater mortality danger than people in the normal range.

Are there formulas that gauge body fat several precisely? Certainly, but they tend to involve calipers, multistage body measurements, water submergence, etc. So, the BMI chart (weight chart) is seeing your situation as direr than is warranted, only do not ignore the bottom line. The BMI chart, the nurse practiceer, and you yourself all agree, you could stand to lose some weight. At least a 3rd of adult Americans can currently say as is.

Something Toxic on the Ceiling

I got a phone call from a magazine writer who was working on a story. Turns out that Stanford University put out a research study looking at what barriers exist for women in the corporate world. They talked to something like 1,000 of their MBA grades – not new grads, but people who went through Stanford over many years – and asked them what was keeping women out of the top ranks of corporations. Here's what they reported:

There is no glass ceiling. Women themselves are opting out of the top jobs, for lifestyle reasons or because they do not want the pressure.

So, asked the writer, "What do you think about that?"

Have you ever heard a person sputter on the phone? That's what I did. I could not find words for a moment.

"Bleeping brilliant!" I said. "That is magnificent – there is no glass ceiling, it's we ourselves who are opting out of senior leadership roles because, you know, there's so much pressure. that they may be spending on their high-potential women, and stop wringing their hands when women in senior roles bail at the next-to-highest rung of the ladder. "

He laughed, either in sympathy or amusement at my apoplexy, or both. Now mind you, I have not seen the study, so I'm one degree removed from the agreements (much less the data), but here's my take on the notification that women opt out of senior leadership spots rather than being kept out of them by their leaders:

Yes – we do. We leave. Because of the pressure? Oh, give me a break. Not because of the pressure – because of BS level that comes with the territory.

Think about senior-level roles in corporations these days. I do not think that there are more politics in actual politics than there are in major corporations. It's a tough way to live – watching your back, attending to your alliances, spouting the party line and fighting your battles behind the scenes. Generally I stay away from sweeping generalizations about one gender or the other. But I feel comfortable saying this: women have a lower threshold for idiotic, posturing, political, inauthentic behavior, day in and day out. Women have a cognitive dissonance alarm that gets louder and louder day by day so that they finally conclude, "This is not me. I can not keep doing this. I can not keep my mouth shut, go along, and play the good soldier for one more day, much less another fifteen years until retirement. " And that's just it – they're done.

They blow the whistle, like Sherron Watkins did at Enron, or they just take off. Can not take the pressure? Are you kidding me? Women who make it to the next-to-the-top rung of the ladder, the ones who are even in the position to decide between sticking it out and leaving, have already taken more pressure than most guys can even comprehend. They've smoked at enough gratuitous comments – walked the tightrope between telling the truth and drinking the company Kool-Aid – and slashed their way through enough uncharted territory to write a best-selling novel, or two. The most senior women I know are uniformly tough, articulate, smart, and incredibly flexible – they would not have survived the last twenty years of corporate life any other way.

So why do they leave? Because they look at that top spot and say, It's not worth it. There is nothing there that I need, and the cost – to myself, to my family, to my relationships – is too high. It's not the blasted pressure! It's the internal compass that says, Enough. Can women run corporations successfully? Of course they can. But so many corporations do not hold enough promise, enough room to mature, to evolve, to be the types of places that successful women want to run, that the grass is simply greener in too many other places. At home, with kids or horses or whatever stirs you. In a startup venture, writing a novel, or starting a foundation for Somalian children. The need to be in control does not always overcome the need to do something important and useful, plus the need to be herself, and so the women depart. Wimps!

If I were a CEO looking at this study, I would say, This is wrong. If women truly are leaving corporations at the point of the pyramid just below the tip, that's a waste. We hired them, we trained them and entrusted big chunks of the business to them, and now we've lost them, so something is clearly amiss. Are not our customers women? Are not ourholders women, and do not we believe, on the evidence and in our guts, that women should help run this organization? So what is happening internally here that is turning them off, and how do we fix it?

That's the takeaway I'd love to see from this study. Let's not conclude,

There's no glass ceiling, so if women are leaving our organizations, what can we do about it? Oh well – better get back to work.

Let's say instead,

If the barrier is not made of glass, but rather some toxic chemical that women will not expose themselves to, let's get rid of it and clean up our act. After all, if something is noxious to women, can it be healthy for anyone?

Send your views, observations and musings on women and the workplace to Liz at lizryan@worldwit.org .

What Are the Causes of Stroke – Major Factors That Cause Stokes

The largest cause of stroke is hypertension, or high blood pressure. It is characterized by readings of 140/90 and above. Hypertension causes damage to the major organs, such as the kidneys, heart, and eyes. It can also cause weakened areas in the blood vessels to burst, leading to the leakage of blood into the brain. This results in hemorrhagic stroke.

When vessels narrow and shut off blood supply, this is an Ischemic stroke. It is caused by plaque build up in the treaties or a blood clot that grows to indeed block the artery preventing blood flow to the rest of the brain. These blood clots can come from another part of the body or form in the artery itself.

A clot that breaks off and travels to another part of the body is called an embolism. Atrial fibrillation is a risk factor for these types of clots, due to the rapid contractions, or fluttering of the atria, resulting in formation of blood clots.

Blood clots that form in the artery (thrombus) are usually found on plaque deposits. Cracks develop in the plaque causing cells to adhere to it forming a blood clot. The clot then grows in size as more cells accumulate, leading to blocking off the artery to blood flow. This causes tissue on the other side of the blockage to be depleted of oxygen rich blood and nutrients, leading to cell death and ischemia. The result is a stroke. This is the same mechanism that exists in heart attack, only it involves the heart.

Types of Stroke:

Hemorrhagic: Bleeding into the brain caused by a Ruptured blood vessel.
Ischemic: Caused by narrowed or enclosed treaties due plaque deposits.

Causes:

Hypertension
Diabetes
Heart disease
Atrial fibrillation

Some risks for stroke include:

Family history
Hypertension
Heart disease
Diabetes
High serum cholesterol levels
Ethnicity
Age
Prior stroke

Fractures can put people at risk as well, and is of concern especially with the elderly. Fractures are common in elderly due to falls. Tissue from a fractured bone can enter the blood stream and cause a fat embolism to occur, which can travel to the lungs causing respiratory failure, to the brain to cause a stroke, or to the heart resulting in a heart attack.

Reducing risk factors and prevention work in unision to avoid what can be a life altering disability.

Prevention:

Maintain blood pressure in the normal range
Lower high cholesterol and triglyceride levels
Manage blood sugar levels

Eating a healthy diet: Consisting of fresh fruits and vegetables, whole grain cuts, cereals, nuts, and pastas. Serve lean meats and fish, as well as foods that are high in fiber and low in fats and cholesterol. Reduce red meat consumption to once per month. Knowing the causes of stroke will help you to reduce your risk, and possibly prevent its occurrence.