3 Business Opportunities As an RN Wellness Coach

As an RN or nurse, you are in a great position with expert knowledge and access to the healthcare systems that becoming a health and wellness coach should be a career choice to consider.

Here's 3 business opportunities for nurses have when considering a career as an health and wellness coach.

  • Work from home – This is a great opportunity for nurses to work from home, owning their own business as an RN wellness coach. When you participate in most health and wellness training programs they will also teach about marketing your business. This should be enough to get you started and if you need help here feel free to contact me, I'd be happy to help.
  • Work with other health care practices – Look for business opportunities in massage clinics, chiropractic services and therapy centers. Many health and fitness centers are also looking to hire RN health coaches as an added service for being a member of the club for a total health and wellness experience for their clients.
  • Work in the Corporate world – Big name businesses are now hiring their own wellness coaches as a means to help manage health care costs as well as lower the absent rate among their employees. This is an opportunity for nurses in work in the corporate world helping CEOs live a healthy lifestyle.

You could also do this on a part time basis to supplement your current income or to "test out the waters" to see if becoming an RN health and wellness coach is for you. The business opportunities are there for nurses to become successful RN health and wellness coaches.

Female Baldness

Female pattern baldness (or female pattern alopecia), although not as common as its male counterpart, is obviously of greater cosmetic and aesthetic concern. It is a source of great emotional distress since women place great stock in a full head of hair. When it does occur, it usually causes a gradual loss of hair from the crown of the scalp, causing a broadened midline parting. It may also recede from the forehead, resulting in the classic 'widow's peak'. Complete baldness in women is a rare occurrence.

Most instances of baldness in females are diagnosed as the result of a deficiency in endocrine hormones. This is why women may find a gradual or dramatic thinning of hair at or after the onset of menopause. Genetic predisposition (androgenetic alopecia) is the cause of almost 90% of female baldness. The use of oral contraceptives is also a known cause for it since birth control pills manipulate a woman's hormonal balance.

Other reasons are the natural aging process, the use of unsuitable hair products, drastic hair styling habits, and grossly improper nutrition. Certain skin disorders like alopecia areata can also cause hair loss in females, which usually occurs in small patches rather than progressively expanding areas.

In quite rare instances, trichotillomania is a factor – this is an obsessive-compulsive disorder that causes the willful arousing of hair and is usually noted in pre-teenaged or teened females. Stress – the bane of modern civilization and often thought to be responsible for hair loss in both males and females – is definitely not a causative factor.

Almost 20% of all women suffer from pattern baldness to some degree or another. The good news is that dormant, non-productive hair follicles can be rejuvenated medically. In certain cases, the metabolism itself sends the necessary signals and hair growth may resume automatically.

Learn to Kill Your Stutter

While it isn’t generally a speech problem that effect every body – a stammer is a massive problem for babies and children, teenagers and grownups today. A stammer can cause even the most confident person to avoid conversations with co-workers and friends and and avoid interacting with with other acquaintances for fear of embarrassment. In reality, a stutter can actually ruin anybody’s life.

Even though being cursed with a stammer truly is a terrible ailment and often a majorly perplexing affliction, the reality is, it’s easily achievable to get rid of a stutter. The fact is, it’s completely possible to totally quit stuttering and wave bye bye to stuttering for ever.

Now you may be thinking that this does sound too good to be true. Be that as it may the the whole truth (and nothing but the truth) is that, being cursed with a stutter is a completely psychological issue and an issue that can easily be fixed as long as the stem of the issue is revealed.

While it more than likely does seem like it, you’re not by yourself with this stammer. According to statistics somewhere near 1% of today’s population can’t stop stammering but the sad truth is only a tiny of this percentage of sufferers will really attempt to cure their stutter.

While that small minority of stutter sufferers who make the decision to kill their stammer will go on to live happy, fulfilled lives, the great majority of the sufferers who don’t end their stutter will drop further into the background, keeping off as much social enjoyment as is humanly possible.

Is the real solution to take stuttering therapy classes?

In truth, therapy is the answer – but this does not really need to mean private professional therapy. Having a stutter can be be easily remedied in as little as sixty minutes but since professional therapists are paid an hourly rate, this isn’t cost effective for them.

This isn’t to say that professional counsellors are actually avoiding trying to cure their patients in a sneaky attempt to boost their earnings but there is an element of truth to this idea. But, more important why do you need to spend hundreds (if not thousands) of dollars for private expensive therapy when you can quit stammering on your own.

Psoriasis Can Impact the Erect Penis

Psoriasis is one of the more well-known skin disorders, and it can cause discomfort for many who suffer from it. It also can be something of a penis health concern as, surprisingly, many men with psoriasis also suffer from erect penis issues.

What is psoriasis?

The National Psoriasis Foundation defines psoriasis as “an immune-mediated disease that causes raised, red, scaly patches to appear on the skin.” It most often presents on the knees, elbows or scalp, but it can occur anywhere on the body (including the penis). The rash is often itchy and in some cases it can also sting and crate a burning sensation.

The exact cause of psoriasis is not known, although it appears to have a genetic connection that somehow affects the immune system. People with psoriasis grow skin cells at a much faster rate than is typical, which is what brings about the scaly skin rashes.

Study

A recent article published in JAMA Dermatology looked at 28 previously published studies. Entitled “Association Between Psoriasis and Sexual and Erectile Dysfunction in Epidemiologic Studies,” the article sought to examine evidence for any links between psoriasis and sexual health.

The 28 studies reviewed involved more than 52,000 people with psoriasis. (It also compared them to more than 1,800,000 people without psoriasis, so that they had a large control group.)

After completing the study, the authors determined that men with psoriasis may be up to four times as likely to have erect penis issues than men who do not suffer from psoriasis.

Not the disease itself

The study did not seem to indicate that the disease itself caused the erectile dysfunction; it was more that having the disease created situations in which an erect penis issue was more likely to occur. For example, the study found that many men with psoriasis exhibited signs of increased anxiety and depression, and that it was these factors which were ultimately more responsible for the erectile dysfunction.

In some cases, the presence of psoriasis on the penis and/or balls could also be likely to increase erectile issues. Again, this seems to be less a result of the disease itself and more a result of the feelings that it arouses in the victim.

Because the disease has an impact beyond the visible presence on the skin, the study authors suggest that doctors need to take this into consideration when treating psoriasis. For example, in addition to prescribing medications designed to treat the skin eruption, a doctor may want to try to ascertain if anxiety or depression is being fueled by the disease. If so, they may suggest a visit to a mental health professional or, if they are qualified, suggest strategies for dealing with these emotional issues.

The age of the individual was also seen as a factor; often men experience more erect penis challenges as they approach their older years.

Men with psoriasis who also experience erectile issues should discuss this with their doctors and seek assistance in resolving this issue.

Even with no erect penis issues, psoriasis on the penis can cause discomfort to a man. Maintaining expert penis health may help, so men should regularly apply a top notch penis health creme (health professionals recommend Man 1 Man Oil, which is clinically proven mild and safe for skin). Achieving proper skin moisturization is crucial, so the chosen crème should include both a high end emollient (such as shea butter) and a natural hydrator (such as vitamin E). Additional vitamins, such as C and D, can also help to benefit delicate penis skin. Finally, if the crème also contains alpha lipoic acid, so much the better. This potent antioxidant fights excess free radicals and thereby reins in potential oxidative stress.

Aquatic Physical Therapy As an Add-On to Stroke Recovery

Water is life and can restore life. It has many therapeutic properties, which includes reviving the use of bodily functions lost due to a stroke. Commonly known as hydrotherapy, water has been used as far back as ancient Egyptian civilization to relieve pain and treat diseases by improving circulation.

Water therapy is known to treat stress, rheumatism, arthritis, burns, hemorrhoids, spasticity, musculoskeletal disorders, and stroke patients with paralysis. Rehabilitation of stroke patients through hydrotherapy will also help improve not only their tissue’s health but also their joint health and movement, increase strength in weakened muscles, stretch spastic muscles, and uplift overall quality of life.

It is so effective that many hospitals and rehabilitation facilities have acquired machines for physical therapy that apply the use of water therapy.

Nowadays, you can go to spas that offer different forms of hydrotherapy to clients. Spas have specially-designed showers that implore massage techniques that focus on different muscle parts through the use of pressurized hot or cold water. There are some spas that have aromatherapy pools just like the ones used by the royalty of ancient times where special oils like lavender are added to aid in the treatment.

If you love swimming or simply being in the water, a trip to a hydrotherapy spa in your area would really be a fun way for you to spend time while you relieve yourself from pain and recover from your disability due to stroke. It would also be a great time to bond with your family and relax from all the stress you’ve been through.

Now, if you’re looking for a more structured approach that you can use as part of your rehabilitation program, there are facilities that offer aquatic exercises specially meant for stroke patients. Aquatic exercise is another form of water therapy used for treatment of stroke patients and injured athletes, among others.

Aquatic exercises are actually a lot easier for stroke patients to do because the water’s buoyancy allows them to move freely. Unlike exercising on land, activities like walking, balancing, stretching, aerobics, coordination, and strengthening can be done by stroke patients without fear and difficulty as the water supports them.

The book “Aquatic Exercise for Rehabilitation & Training” by Lori Brody and Paula Geigle, which also comes in DVD and VCD, is a great reference to aquatic exercises. It prescribes the right aquatic exercise programs stroke patients can use for their recovery. The book also thoroughly explains everything stroke patients and their therapists need to efficiently carry out a rehabilitation program that meets the stroke patient’s abilities and limitations.

Hydrotherapy and aquatic physical exercises are great add ons to stroke treatment. It is an enjoyable way to recover from stroke, regain confidence, cultivate social skills, and invigorate family ties.

A Universally-Recommended Vaccine for Sheep and Lambs

Flock vaccinations are a vital part of raising healthy sheep and lambs. One of the most highly-recommended and used flock inoculations is called the CD-T toxoid. The CD-T toxid offers multifaceted protection in three ways: protecting against enterotoxaemia caused by Clostridium perfringens types C and D, as well as, Tetanus (also referred to as lockjaw) caused by Clostridium tetani. Continue reading to learn more about this vital vaccine and the common lamb and sheep diseases it protects against.

3 Way, 7 Way, and 8 Way Clostridal Vaccines for Sheep

Although the typical 3-way clostridal vaccine is sufficient in most cases, there are also 7-way and 8 way clostridal vaccines available, which provide further coverage against clostridial diseases such as malignant edema and blackleg. Vaccination against Tetanus and types C and D enterotoxaemia are the most common and effective options for sheep and lamb flocks.

Types C and D Enterotoxaemia Vaccines

Also known as “hemorrhagic enteritis” or “bloody scours,” Type C Enterotoxaemia is more common in young lambs, often born within a few weeks of time. The primary implication of this disease is that it causes a bloody infection in the lamb’s small intestinal system. The actual cause of this disease is sometimes difficult to assess since there are several conditions it relates too, including a sudden increase in milk supply (perhaps when a littermate is removed), change in feed (i.e. bacterial growth, creep feeding, etc.), chronic indigestion, and even genetic predispositions. Inoculating dams in their early stages of pregnancy is a common method for preventing type C Enterotoxaemia, followed by vaccinating lambs at 7 or 8 weeks old.

Type D Enterotoxaemia is very similar to type C in that it can be caused by much of the same conditions and underlying genetic predispositions. However, it is mostly predicated by overeating, giving it its colloquial moniker of “pulpy kidney disease.” Lambs over the age of one month are common targets of this disease. In most cases, fast growing lambs in the flock are affected with they already have a bacteria in their gut that proliferates as a result of a sudden change in feed. This excess bacterial growth causes a toxic reaction that is commonly fatal. The type D Enterotoxaemia vaccine is effective at preventing this condition when administered to dams during pregnancy.

Tetanus

It is important to administer a tetanus anti-toxin at the time of docking and castrating in lambs. This is especially important if elastrator bands are being used. Although temporary, this vaccine gives immediate protection against Clostridium tetani. In contrast, tetanus toxoid vaccines offer more adequate protection, but take at least 10 day or more to become effective in the blood stream. They also require periodic booster shots to remain effective.

How to Treat a Sports Injury?

Any game is bound to have injuries and wounds. That is a part and parcel of any game. Even if you take all safety precautions, there is bound to be an injury or two. You just can not separate injury from sports. But, you must not stop playing games because of this fear. There are ways to treat wounds and injuries. By proper first aid steps it is possible to deal with any wound and help in its healing process. Let us learn about this in depth.

If you have an injury or wounded, the thumb rule is to stop playing immediately. The first step you must take is no to exert yourself physically. Most if this is followed you can deal with the injury very well. If you also experience too much pain and swelling, then you should definitely not continue the game. Any physical stress could make the problem worse. If there is little pain then you can continue. But, if the pain is unbearable you must simply stop playing first.

The most commonly bought first aid cure is the ice pack. It is perfect for any sports injury. The ice reduces the pain on the wound and the area around it. This assists in the healing of the wound too. Ice pack is ideal for injuries like tears, springs, bruises and strains. The pain will be minimized and even the inflammation, if any. Regular use of the ice pack several times during the day will help you to cure the injury.

First aid is very essential if you face an injury that has external bleeding. It is very important to provide basic medical immediately. In case of injuries like this, mostly people hold the wound benefit a running tap. This method should be avoided as it is not the right practice. Ideally you must clean the wound very well using a moist cotton pad. Once it is clean then you must look for some anti-bacterial solution. This must be put over the wound to prevent any infection and stop the bleeding. If bleeding does not stop then continue with the ice pack. Antiseptic cream is also good for the healing of the wound.

Heat packs are also of great help in dealing with sports injuries. But remember not to use heat packs on a fresh wound. This could make the injury worse and add to the problem. First measures like ice pack and anti-bacterial cream or solution should be used. Only after the wound has been treated with basic first aid and is clean you must use heat pack. Heat packs are very useful to relieve muscle tension and heal blood clotting. It also brings the pain. Ensure that your heat pack is not beyond your bearable limit. It could burn your skin.

It is always not possible to see a physician at the time of the injury. These first aid measures will help you to deal with the injury immediately. It is very important to give first aid to any injury.

Knee Replacement and Reversing Muscle Atrophy After Surgery

Once your knee replacement surgery or knee surgery in general is completed and you have gone through your physical rehabilitation program, you are encouraged to continue some sort of exercise program. For many this will consist of everything from strength training at a local gym to walking around the block. To get the most productivity out of your surgery, it is recommended you incorporate weight training as well as other exercises if you wish to keep the muscles around your knee strong to help you improve your quality of life and, to protect the prosthesis that has been implanted.

I recommend my patients and clients to work on an assortment of exercises depending on their age, prior level of function and, expectations. Today, with many younger adults having knees replaced, many of them are expecting to get back into enjoying their prior activities within reason as soon as possible.

The exercises to reverse the muscle wasting process I include in the exercise routine are leg presses, leg extensions, hamstring curls and calf raises. These are exercise I use and continue to use to keep my knee replacement running and operating at a high level. Use a weight that you can initially get between 15-20 repetitions to start with. You first want to build endurance in the muscle. Working with weight that is too heavy will cause a considerable amount of muscle soreness and discomfort and swelling if you are not careful. You start slowly and increase your resistance as you get stronger and more confident with the exercises.

What I instruct patients that are pursuing post rehabilitation strengthening is to start by warming up on a stationary bike for 10 to 15 minutes at a slow pace to loosen the muscle and surrounding soft tissue around the knee. Follow the stationary bike with two sets of leg presses for 20 repetitions using slow controlled movements. Do not take your knees past the 90 degree mark at this time. Follow leg presses with seated leg extensions for 15 -20 repetitions. Then you go to hamstring curls which can be done either seated or in the prone position for the same amount of repetitions. These exercises should be done for two sets each to start with.

As you get stronger in the months ahead you can of course increase your workload as tolerated. Avoid using very heavy weights that might stress the prosthesis. Heavy weights will not be needed to rebuild your leg or legs to get them to an ideal level. Remember after joint replacement surgery, your rehabilitation should really never end.

Also to be sure that you are taking in a good quality protein to help in reversing muscle atrophy and after knee surgery. Taking in quality protein such as skinless chicken breasts, salmon, ground turkey breast and egg whites are just some of the ways to help you increase your protein intake during the recovery phase.

Taking a good quality protein powder supplement also is the key in making sure you are getting the fuel your body needs to help in building stronger muscles not only in your legs but also by reversing the atrophy process throughout your entire body.

What Are the Main Causes of Miscarriage, and How Can They Be Avoided?

Clinically put, a miscarriage is defined as the early and unplanned termination of a pregnancy. Emotionally, it is much more than that. Expectant parents often feel an innate sense of sadness and failure when they lose an unborn child. This can affect both mother and father equally.

Much research has been carried out to discover why miscarriage occurs. Sometimes, the cause is obvious; other times, it is baffling, particularly when seemingly healthy parents fall victim.

It is generally agreed that there are five main causes of miscarriage:

1. Genetics. Genetics accounts for about 50% of all early miscarriages. For mostly unknown reasons, the baby fails to develop properly in the womb. This eventually leads to a miscarriage, as the fetus is not strong enough to continue growing.

2. Hormonal imbalance. Generally, when women find it hard to conceive, they are more likely to miscarry. The main reason for difficulty with conception is hormonal imbalance, which also relates to reproductive organ disorders and diseases.

3. Immune system. Problems with blood supply to the placenta can starve the fetus of nutrients and leave it too weak to develop or survive.

4. Infection/Illness. Very high temperature and some viruses or infections, such as Rubella, may cause miscarriage, as can conditions such as diabetes.

5. Anatomical. If the cervix is weak, it may start to open as the womb becomes heavier in later pregnancy. Cysts may cause miscarriage in later pregnancy and can also alter the shape of the womb, which can result in miscarriage.

The factors that cause these problems cannot always be avoided. The following are common risks, and how a pregnant mother should regard them, when considering fetal health:

  • Ailments. Conditions such as Rubella, Diabetes and PCOS can increase the probability of miscarriage. Sufferers should see a doctor or midwife for preventative measures as soon as pregnancy is suspected.
  • Smoking. It has been proven that smoking causes miscarriage, so pregnant mothers should quit as soon as possible.
  • Drugs. A proven fact, as with smoking, the use of drugs (e.g., cocaine) can cause miscarriage and should be avoided.
  • High Blood Pressure. Losing weight, gentle exercise and a healthy diet can reduce some cases of high blood pressure. However, medical intervention is necessary with conditions such as pre-eclampsia.
  • Pharmaceuticals. Some prescription drugs can cause miscarriage. With a doctor’s approval and support, withdrawal from these should be gradual and substituted with an alternative medicine.
  • Age. Older woman are more likely to suffer miscarriage, so it is important that they lead an extra healthy lifestyle when pregnant.

An expectant mother who leads as healthy, organic and active a life as possible may still have to experience the devastation of miscarriage. Even so, steps should always be taken to reduce the risk of miscarriage as much as possible, such as eating a healthy, balanced diet, doing light exercise, getting plenty of sleep, and avoiding stress.

Progressive Retinal Atrophy – PRA – Is Your Dog Predisposed?

Progressive Retinal Atrophy (PRA) is a group of diseases that cause the retina of your dog's eye to degenerate over time. The consequence is declination vision and extremely blindness. Granted, that's not good news However, nature is a amazing! The majority of affected dogs adjust quite nicely to their situation.

Cause:

Both parents must have the PRA gene for their offspring to be affected. If only one parent carries the PVA gene, their offspring will be carriers of the PRA gene. The disease will re-surface, when any of those offspring mate with another PRA carrier.

Progressive Retinal Atrophy is a progressive, degenerative disease, where your dog will gradually lose its sight. It affects the retina, the light sensitive area in the rear of your dog's eye.

Diagnosis:

This disease requires a veterinary ophthalmologist. Your regular veterinarian can refer you to a specialist.

The earliest stages can not be diagnosed through a routine ophthalmic examination. However, there are DNA tests recently available; regrettably not for all high-risk breeds. Speak with your veterinarian; the DNA testing procedure for other breeds is progressing rapidly.

Once the disease has progressed, it can be diagnosed through a thorough ophthalmic examination. In later stages of PRA examining the retina with indirect ophthalmoscopy can help the veterinary ophthalmologist reach their diagnosis.

An electroretinogram (ERG) is an additional test that can be done, once the disease has advanced. It measures the electrical response of the retina to a known amount of targeted light stimulation.

If breeding your high-risk dog is your plan; you may want to have your dog certified. When a board certified veterinary ophthalmologist can not find any abnormalities, the dog can be certified free of heritable eye disease through the Canine Eye Registration Foundation (CERF).

Signs to watch for:

Night blindness – Dog visits going from a lit area into darkness.
Hesitates going down stairs
Hesitates in dark hallways
Hesitates going into dark rooms
Hesitates jumping ie. out of a vehicle … especially at night
Bumps into things
Clumsiness
Gradually dog ​​has problems dimly lit areas
Sometimes dog's daytime vision will deteriorate
Finally, blindness

In some breeds, the first signs of night blindness can appear as early as 6-weeks of age. Complete blindness may result by the age of 1 or 2.

For other breeds, night blindness appears between 2-5 years of age. It progresses to total blindness in approximately one year. At first, peripheral vision is lost.

Prognosis:

At this time, there is no cure for Progressive Retinal Atrophy (PRA). However, since the disease progresses slowly, most dogs do adjust to their disability.

NOTE: Responsible owners spay or neuter their affected pets. Breeding carriers of the PRA gene only perpetuates the disease.

Breeds Predisposed to PRA include, but are not limited to:

Akita
Alaskan Malamute
American Cocker Spaniel
American Eskimo Dog *
Australian Cattle Dog
Australian Shepherd
Basenji
Beagle
Bedlington Terrier
Belgian Sheepdog
Briard *
Border Collie
Brittany Spaniel
Cardigan Welsh Corgi *
Cairn Terrier
Chinese Crested *
Collie *
Chesapeake Bay Retriever *
Dachshund *
English Cocker Spaniel *
English Springer Spaniel *
Finnish Spitz
Flat-Coated Retriever
German Shepherd
Golden Retriever
Gordon Setter
Great Dane
Greyhound
Irish Setter *
Italian Greyhound
Jack Russell Terrier
Labrador Retriever *
Mastiff
Miniature Poodle *
Miniature Schnauzer *
Norwegian Buhund
Nova Scotia Duck Tolling Retriever
Old English Sheepdog
Papillion
Pekingese
Portuguese Water Dog *
Rottweiler
Samoyed *
Shetland Sheepdog
Shiba Inu
Shih Tzu
Siberian Husky *
Soft-Coated Wheaten Terrier
Standard Poodle *
Tibetan Spaniel
Tibetan Terrier
Toy Poodles *
Welsh Springer Spaniel
Yorkshire Terrier

* DNA test available

Bottom line: One way to help your dog if they are a victim of PRA … do not move the furniture around too much!

Glaucoma Treatment – How to Treat Glaucoma Naturally?

There are several physical disorders which disturb the balance of a human body. People run for treatment of these disorders and unfortunately they face a fair percentage of disappointment. The world is so beautiful and when there is a slight hindrance to view this world, then you feel irritated. Glaucoma is a state where a person feels partial or complete blindness and is one of the unfortunate disorders related to eyes. The main reason of this disorder is related to hypertension within the eye area, which results in partial and at times complete blindness. People who suffer from far sighted vision are more likely to get this disorder.

There are indications of glaucoma based on which you can confirm your state with the eye specialist. The appearance of colored rings in or around any object of target vision is the first and in fact the most appropriate signs of glaucoma. This is often accompanied by pain near brow and cheek areas. The gradual increase of pain and colored vision leads to complete blindness, if not treated on time.

Experts believe that stress on the eyes and exposing the eyes under bad light conditions frequently, are primarily responsible for the occurrence of this problem. The deficiency of salts in the body may also result in this disorder because that somehow leads to the accumulation of fluids in the eye tissues. This fluid disturbs the position of iris and you feel acute pain at times. You should make sure that salt intake and retention of salts are appropriate in your body and you can very well avoid Glaucoma.

The easiest option, which people resort to, is surgery. It removes the fluid from the concerned areas but, this is not a permanent and guaranteed solution. There are cases and surveys, which shows the condition getting back to square one at times. The patient suffering from this disorder should get a complete and a natural solution because in the end it’s the matter of vision. Natural treatments starts with a routine and you have to strictly follow the routine and make sure you don’t miss any details. The diet intake for the patient is strictly maintained which is fresh fruits and vegetables for a week. Fruits like oranges, apples, pine apples and grapes should be on the diet chart.

An enema is suggested on a daily basis to make sure that the bowel movement is clear. This process goes hand in hand with the eye exercises which strengthen the eye muscles. These exercises should be done under the guidance of an expert. Tea, tobacco, coffee and beer should be avoided to make sure that there is no counter effect. Foods rich in vitamin C should be high on menu and fresh vegetables are always encouraged. Nutrient rich in vitamin b complex and calcium also have proved useful in relieving the intraocular pressure. Give your eyes a rest from the computer and reading for every 20 minutes. You should make sure that there is no emotional stress on the patient because that may lead to adverse situation. Ensure that extra care is taken and avoid excessive burden on brain as well. The natural process is time consuming but the solution is always permanent.

Babel

Life is Simple – Living it is Complex

Babel

From the first frames of an endless Moroccan desert landscape mystically unfolding with a haunting musical background, the last installment of Alejandro Gonzalez Iñárritu’s trilogy takes hold. Events are taking place that, while seemingly disconnected, cleverly connect as if pieces of a puzzle. The connections are subtle and a small part of a larger story. The beauty of the film is the beauty of Iñárritu’s vision enhanced by cinematographer Rodrigo Prieto and the colourful cast of characters he chose to inhabit the screen from four disparate parts of the world.

The story weaves around the simple idea that small mistakes can take on tragic consequences, and while doing so, a “butterfly effect”- defined in Webster’s New Millennium Dictionary of English as; a chaotic effect created by something seemingly insignificant, the phenomenon whereby a small change in one part of a complex system can have a large effect somewhere else – occurs in the lives of all of the main characters.

There are four stories going on here. The story of Americans Richard (Brad Pitt) and Susan (Cate Blanchette), who, while touring Morocco after the tragic death of one of there children from SIDS, find their relationship strengthened by events that occur as a result of an additional storyline to the film. Two children in a mountain village in Morocco practice with a rifle bought by their sheep-farming father for the purpose of killing predators to his flocks. One son aims for the tour bus and Susan is shot, sparking an international incident with terrorist undertones. While this story evolves, another story is spinning back home in the United States where Richard and Susan’s children are in the care of their Mexican nanny Amelia (Adriana Barrasa) who must attend her son’s wedding in Mexico and cannot find a replacement to mind the children when Richard and Susan are delayed due to the shooting. Amelia’s decision to take the children with her turns into chaos at the hands of her nephew Santiago (Gael Garcìa Bernal). The fourth story woven into this tapestry involves the disturbed life of deaf-mute teenager Chieko (Rinko Kikuchi), who is testing her teenage boundaries in Japan with an abandon created as a result of the death of her mother and life with her distant father.

One powerful scene has ecstasy enhanced Chieko and friends entering a rave to the sounds of a phenomenal remix of Earth Wind and Fires disco hit “September” by Shinichi Osawa. The sound is cleverly muted on and off allowing the audience to experience Chieko’s life first hand in a most disturbing-yet engrossing way. This heart-pumping scene alone is worth the price of admission.

That’s the wonder of the film. It involves the viewer with the struggles in the lives of everyone. Iñárritu’s masterful talent brings an intimacy between the audience and the characters on the screen that is so immediate it hurts to watch their individual pain. Each performance is achingly honest and emotions are revealed so close to the bone that the viewer cannot possibly disconnect from the personal tragedies unfolding.

The film gives you a close-up on the human condition and you are left considering people and places with a familiarity gleaned from the experience of watching.

The Effects of Lupus at Ocular Level

Systemic Lupus Erythematosus is a very complex disease that can affect multiple regions of the body, causing a wide range of symptoms. Although the systemic form of lupus can affect virtually any organ system of the human body, the disease commonly involves impairments of the eye. In patients with lupus, the ocular globe itself (eyeball) is affected more often than the ocular orbit (eye socket). When the ocular orbit is also affected, lupus leads to serious inflammation of the conjunctive membrane, soft tissue that covers the eyeball and interior lid. The lids may also become swollen and this type of ocular disease often involves the occurrence of local edema.

Lupus commonly determinates the occurrence of "cotton wool spots" at the level of the retina. The spots are actually edematous regions of the retina, occurring as a result of inappropriate blood flow and thus, poor oxygenation of the eye. Despite the fact that the occurrence of "cotton wool spots" on the retina is not a direct indicator of lupus in middle-aged and older patients, it clearly reveals the presence of the disease in young patients. Other eye affections characteristic to lupus involve accumulation and deposition of fat cells at the level of the retina, decrease in the arteriolar blood flow and even pronounced obstruction of the eye blood vessels, which often determines loss of visual acuity or temporary blindness.

Patients diagnosed with systemic lupus are often confronted with keratoconjunctivitis sicca as well (also known as the dry eye syndrome), eye disorder that predominately inflates individuals with autoimmune diseases. This type of eye disorder generates symptoms such as pronounced discomfort, inflammation, itching and burning at ocular level, and often leads to impairments of the lacrimal glands, resulting in reduced tears. On the promises of eye dryness and inappropriate blood circulation, the eye rapidly becomes inflamed and irritated, also increasing the risks of infections.

When keratoconjunctivitis sicca is accompanied by arthritis and symptoms such as dryness of the mucosal linings in the mouth and nose, the disease is referred to as Siogren's Syndrome. When systemic lupus determinates impairments at brain level, the disease causes deterioration of the optic nerve, nystagus (uncontrolled movements of the eye) and even complete blindness. In order to prevent the development of such complications and to reverse the effects of lupus at ocular level, it is imperative to administer the appropriate treatment as soon as possible.

Commonly used medications in treating the ocular complications produced by systemic lupus are salicylates (aspirin-based medications), antimalarials (commonly used medicines include chloroquine-aralen, plaquenil and resochin), antibiotics and steroids. Steroid medications are extensively used in treating eye disorders characteristic to lupus, cortisone drugs being considered an efficient form of treatment at present. However, steroids can produce serious side-effects in patients with lupus, and so such forms of treatment are not recommended for long-term use.

Hyperacusis: A Hearing Impairment

Most people know of only one type of hearing impairment – deafness. Hearing no sound at all can be very difficult but looking at the opposite side of it, hearing too much may also prove to be as hard. Hyperacusis is defined as the intolerance to normal and everyday sounds.

To give you a concrete illustration of hyperacusis, take for example a glass being put down on top of a desk. To ordinary people, the sound produced by such an act is very noticeable. For someone who is suffering from hyperacusis, such sound may be described as loud, even disturbing.

Symptoms of hyperacusis include pain or pressure in the inner ear. Because of the added noise that they hear, individuals with this ailment may find it difficult to adapt to the flow of everyday life and may be deemed as socially unfit.

When someone suffers from hyperacusis it would be likely that he or she would soon develop tinnitus. Tinnitus is an odd sensation in your ear that is coupled with a ringing or whistling sound. Phonophobia is also a disorder that is associated with this condition. This is characterized with the fear of exposure to sounds that may do damage to their hearing. In such situations, a person with hyperacusis may be under a lot of stress. This would be evident in how one performances in the workplace, at home and in social gatherings. Lack of sleep is also attributed with such stress.

Hyperacusis is said to be caused by a malfunction in the sound regulatory system of the brain. It can also be a result of a serious head injury, over fatigue or epilepsy. Disease such as Bell's Palsy and Lyme disease is also related with such hearing impairment. Intake of synthetic drugs could also have some negative effects that can cause hyperacusis.

One popular treatment for hyperacusis is sound desensitization. In this procedure, a patient is exposed to pink noise (a term referred to a random noise with equal amount of energy in one octave) at a volume lower than one's discomfort level. He would be subject to such process for about two hours everyday. Results will not be achieved in a snap of a finger, but with enough support from family and friends, one should be in the path of full recovery in about six months.

What Is Glaucoma and Who Does It Affect?

Pressure in the eye is usually balanced and plays an important part in the functioning of the eye. This pressure is created when a fluid (known as aqueous) produced by cells behind the iris, passes through the pupil to be drained away by drain tunnels in the angle of the eye (gap between the cornea and the iris). Pressure increases if the angle becomes blocked and the aqueous can not drain away fast enough, or if too too much aqueous is produced.

Chronic glaucoma is more common in Western countries than acute glaucoma, but is easier to treat. This form of glaucoma causes no pain, and your eyesight seems normal, despite the damage being done to your optic nerve. Many people who have had chronic glaucoma for a long time before diagnosis complain of one eye's vision being worse than the others, or a loss of field vision in the shape of an arc above or below the center of their vision. If left untreated, it can result in "tunnel-vision", and in time, this too is lost. It is more common in people over the age of 40, and it affects 5% of the population over the age of 65. People of African origin are said to be more prone to glaucoma, as well as those with a high degree of short sightedness . Treatment includes eye drops (to reduce the amount of aqueous you produce, and to unblock the drainage tunnels) and laser surgery, to improve drainage.

Acute glaucoma is characterized by sudden pain in the eye, as well as the appearance of misty rainbow colored circles surrounding white lights. This may be followed by complete loss of sight and nausea and vomiting. Typically, people experience a series of mild attacks in the evenings, and with routine inspection at the hospital or GP's surgery, acute glaucoma is diagnosed. It is initially treated with drops to reduce the amount of aqueous produced, and then a small hole is made in the iris to remove the blockage in the angle. It is recommended that this is done to both eyes, as if you suffer with acute glaucoma in one eye, it is highly likely that you will contract it in the other.

It is important to attend your optician appointments, because even if you feel as though your eyesight is fine, there may be damage to your optic nerve, which will reduce your quality of vision in the long run. While this condition is not common, neither is rare and quick diagnosis is important to maintaining healthy eyesight.