How to Get Rid of the Flu

Influenza viruses attack the respiratory system, from the nose and throat, down through the bronchial tubes, and into the lungs. In the 1918 flu pandemic, victims built up so much fluid in their lungs that they essentially died of drowning. Symptoms of flu are like those of a cold, except much worse, and they come on much faster. High fevers and chills are common, and there may be vomiting and diarrhea. It’s highly contagious.

Because most healthy adults may be able to infect others beginning one day before their own symptoms develop (and up to 5 days after becoming sick), you can be in danger of becoming infected from someone else before you or the other person knows they are sick.

The Flu: A Good Excuse to Stay Home and Sleep

Most people are not in deadly danger from a flu virus (though occasionally a particularly potent virus emerges that puts vast segments of the population in danger, as it did in 1918). The usual treatment is plenty of bed rest, lots of fluids, and aspirin or Tylenol to reduce fever.

There are many flu home remedies:

* Vitamin C, zinc, garlic capsules. These supplements may be of limited value once you’ve got the virus, but they probably can do no harm. Recent studies have said that Vitamin C and zinc supplements show no effect in reducing symptoms.

* Drink tea that’s a mixture of 1 tsp. bayberry bark, 1 tsp. grated ginger root, ½ tsp. cayenne powder, and 1 cup of boiling water. Allow to steep for 20 minutes.

* Catnip tea and 1/2 tsp. of lobelia tincture every four hours supposedly will lower a high fever. Pregnant women, breast-feeding mothers, and children under one year old should, however, avoid this stuff.

Wash your hands frequently. Doing so helps you to avoid spreading the disease or even getting it in the first place. Additional advice for avoiding the virus:

* Follow a well-balanced diet. A poor diet lowers your immunity and makes you more vulnerable to infections. A good balanced diet features fresh fruits and vegetables, whole grains, and small amounts of lean protein.

* Get enough sleep. The amount needed varies from person to person. If you feel tired during the day, you may be getting too little sleep, which leaves you open to opportunistic infections, such as the flu.

* Exercise. Improve your immune system through doing such regular cardiovascular exercise as walking, biking, or aerobics. People who exercise are less likely to get upper respiratory infections, have less-severe symptoms when they do, and recover more quickly.

* Avoid air travel. New flu strains tend to spread rapidly in November, during the height of the holiday travel season, and air circulation systems in airplanes are notorious for spreading colds, flu, and other infectious diseases.

* Stay away from crowds during flu season. The season is typically from November through March. Flu spreads quickly through any kind of crowd.

Who Should Get a Shot?

At particular risk are older folks, young children, and people with comprised immune systems such as diabetics. These people, from the age of six months to seniors of any age (as well as pregnant women in their second or third trimesters), are advised to get injections of flu vaccine before the beginning of the winter flu season. Older adults and those with chronic illnesses should also be inoculated for pneumococcal pneumonia, a potentially deadly complication of influenza.

But even if you have not gotten an inoculation, if you begin to show severe symptoms, there are anti-viral drugs that may be prescribed to shorten the length of time you are ill and might also prevent even more severe symptoms from developing. Should pneumonia develop, getting medical attention is imperative.

Other flu complications include ear infections, sinus infections, dehydration, and worsening of chronic medical conditions such as congestive heart failure, asthma, or diabetes.

Some people, however, should not be vaccinated without first consulting a physician:

* People who have a severe allergy to chicken eggs.

* People who have had a severe reaction to an influenza vaccination in the past.

* People who developed Guillain-Barré syndrome (GBS) within six weeks of getting an influenza vaccine previously.

* Children less than six months of age (influenza vaccine is not approved for use in this age group).

* People who have a moderate or severe illness with a fever should wait to get vaccinated until their symptoms ease off.

As a final thought, consider the similarities between influenza and living in earthquake zones. In California, you can expect a mild shake every now and then. Every decade or so, there is a large one that kills a number of people and levels some buildings. But then, there is the “Big One,” like the one that leveled San Francisco in 1906. These generally come about once every 70 years, and California is overdue for the monster quake that will undoubtedly kill scores of people.

A pandemic like the one in 1918 also hits at least once every century. Public health officials await the next one with some trepidation. There may be no inoculation for the next “Big Flu Attack.”

Why Fertility Doctors Now Recommend Acupuncture

Traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) includes acupuncture and Chinese herbal medicine. It has successfully treated infertility, gynecological, male factor, and many other illnesses and health problems facing couples for 5,000 years. Western medicine as we know it is just over 200 years old. TCM protocols differ from the procedures used in Western medicine-but their use offers hope for many for whom Western medicine is trying to or who has not yet helped. Several studies prove that your chances of conception, pregnancy and take home baby rates are increased when using acupuncture wherever you are trying naturally or in conjunction with IUI or IVF. Some reports indicate a 40-60% improvement rate when used concurrently. Unexplained infertility is increasing rapidly for both men and women. The benefits of acupuncture in treating infertility have proven to be significant and many couples may be helped sooner on this journey by exploring TCM.

So how does it work?

TCM treats holistically, balancing, nourishing and supporting your blood and organ systems. A balanced body system is necessary for a male to have an adequate sperm count, motility and morphology and for a woman to make good follicles, good eggs, sufficient uterine lining and to help prevent miscarriage. Our body becomes "out of sync" with chronic stress, overwork, poor nutrition, long term use of medicines, exposure to toxins and chemicals, smoking, alcohol use, etc. Your body is like a "circuit board connecting with your brain". Life is busy and stressful for most of us … so it is easy for our bodies to "shut down" and be unbalanced. It is like some of the switches on our "circuit board" have been turned off creating blockages causing physical or emotional imbalances. TCM restores balance and blood flow and opens up our "circuit boards" so that the body better functions without stress or duress. The body and endocrine system feel safe and in better working order to conceive, carry and deliver!

TCM allows your body to function more efficiently and optimally and can:

• Improve and support your immune system.
• Reduce stress, anxiety, insomnia, fatigue and worry.
• Create calmness and a more "grounded" feeling.
• Reduce toxic effects of medicines.
• Regulate the menstrual cycle.
• Help normalize reproductive hormones.
• Promote blood blow to the uterus and ovaries.
• Improve ovarian function which includes substance and egg quantity and quality.
• Reduce uterine contractions after IVF assisting implantation.
• Reduce miscarriage and recurrent pregnancy loss (RPL).
• Assist in thickening the uterine lining.
• Improve sperm count, motility and morphology.

Does it hurt?
No, acupuncture is a very gentle and relaxing protocol! The needles are very thin -hairline. You may feel a tiny pinch or nothing. It is safe with little or no side effects. In fact, TCM practitioners treat children. Women can be treated all the way through pregnancy in high risk cases, or to counter the effects of morning sickness, fatigue, headaches, edema, back pain, etc.

What can I expect at my first visit?

The acupuncturist will go through your medical history and discuss your signs and symptoms. They look at your tongue and check your pulse and explain how they can best help you based on your symptoms and your fertility goals. Nutrition, diet and lifestyle are also important part of becoming pregnant and are discussed. She will explain an appropriate treatment plan for you. TCM practitioners work closely with fertility specialists and are an important part of an IUI or IVF cycle.

If you have unexplained infertility, male factor issues, are trying naturally or have had a poor response to IVF do not be discouraged – conception, pregnancy and delivery is a journey and TCM is here to help each and everyone of you succeed.

"He, who has health, has hope, and he who has hope, has everything." –Chinese Proverb

Vaccination – 5 Things to Consider Before Vaccinating Your Children

One of the most important decisions you will make
One of the most important decisions you will make that will affect the health of your children is whether or not to vaccinate them. Since many medical authorities say vaccination is safe, most parents go ahead with vaccination, completely unaware of the potential dangers and unable to recognize serious reactions when they occur. I am a huge believer in parenting without regrets and I am writing this article to spur you to do some research on your own, especially since the information that you will be presented with (if any) by your pediatrician is not sufficient for you to make a truly informed choice. Regardless of whether you decide to vaccinate your children or not, you should at least be making a conscious and fully informed choice. The following is critical for you to consider before vaccinating

Vaccinations are not necessarily safe – YOU need to be the judge for your family
The majority of pediatricians will tell you that vaccinations are safe and that the number of children that experience adverse reactions is very low. In addition, they will lead you believe that the few negative reactions are carefully tracked and monitored. However, if you take the time to dig deeper you will find that these assertions are not evidence based and lack solid scientific backing. For example, there has never been a long term study that compares the health and welfare of vaccinated children to unvaccinated children. Seeing as cancer is the leading cause of death by disease for children under 15 years of age, would not it be interesting to know if the cancer rate for vaccinated kids was much higher than for unvaccinated kids?

Might that change our view on the safety and wisdom of custody? There has been some analysis into the issue, but both of the studies have been discounted by the Centers for Disease Control (CDC). One study was of the Pennsylvania Amish, who do not vaccinate their children for religious reasons. When it was found that they have virtually no incidence of autism (nor of asthma, allergies or ADHD) the CDC responded by saying that the Amish have a "genetic connectivity" that protects them. (Reference 1) A second study, this one of a home-schooling organization of 35,000 children in the Chicago area, found that in this unvaccinated group there were no recorded cases of autism and that the incidence of asthma, allergies and ADHD was extremely low as well. (Reference 2) This was also discounted.

Vaccines are not thoroughly tested before, nor adequately tracked after, being released
Vaccinations are not rigorously tested before being released to the public. Typically, a new vaccine is tested by comparing short term side effects of a new vaccine against an already existing vaccine. The definition of what constituents a side effect is narrowly defined so that many side effects are determined to be coincidence – not related to the violation. It is also important to know that the pharmaceutical companies have been eliminated from liability for vaccine injuries since Congress enacted the National Childhood Vaccine Injury Act of 1986. This leaves them with very little incentive to do thorough testing. For example, when a manufacturer's representative was asked in a 1997 Illinois Board of Health hearing to show evidence that the hepatitis B vaccine is safe for newborns, the representative stated, "We have none, our studies were done on 5 and 10 year-olds . " (Reference 3) This is concern because your children are scheduled to receive three doses of Hep B before they are a year old, with the first dose being administrated before you and your baby leave the hospital.

Since there is so little testing prior to release, one would hope that there would be careful tracking and follow-up after the vaccine has been released to the public so that if there were issues, they could be evaluated and the vaccine would be dropped from the market if necessary. Not so! It is true that when a vaccine is released into the market, post-marketing surveillance is supposed to track any negative reactions. However the adverse reporting system is entirely voluntary and according to David Kessler, (the head of the FDA for most of the 1990s), 90 to 99 percent of all adverse reactions are never reported. (Reference 4)

The combination of vaccinations currently required as part of the Recommended Immunization Schedule are overwhelming for the immune systems of many children
Not only are individual vaccines not rigorously tested, but the combination of vaccinations prescribed in the Centers for Disease Control "Recommended Immunization Schedule 2009" are not studied in combination to prove that giving multiple viral and bacterial vaccinations at one time is safe. Over the past twenty years, the number of vaccinations children are given has almost quadrupled. In 1983 children were given 5 shots during their first 6 months of life and 8 shots by the age of two. By 2007 that number increased 74% to 19 shots by the age of 6 months and a whooping 27 by the time they are two years old. This is especially disturbing when you realize that children are born with immature immune systems as well as an inability to effectively metabolize heavy metals.

For the most part, mercury (Thimerosol) has been removed from vaccines. This does not mean that there are not other ingredients in vaccines that cause concern. One of these ingredients is aluminum which is added to vaccines to increase their efficiency (help them work better). Why is aluminum a concern? Well, aluminum is eliminated primarily through the kidneys, when babies can not eliminate it effectively accumulates and causes impaired neurologic and mental development that does not show up until around 18 months of age. Infant kidney function is low at birth and does not reach full capacity until 1-2 years of age. (Reference 5) As a result, the cumulative exposure babies have to aluminum (in the process of receiving up to 37 doses of vaccine delivered in 27 shots during their first two years of life) can cause numerous problems. For example, children typically receive eight vaccinations (Hepatitis B, Rotavirus, Diphtheria, Tetanus, Pertussis, Haemophilus Influenza Type B, Pneumococcal and Inactivated Poliovirus) on the same day when they are 2 months old.

The total amount of aluminum they are injected with is between 295 and 1225 micrograms, depending on which brands of vaccine are used. Meanwhile, the FDA requires that all injectable solutions have a 25 microgram limit. (Reference 6) Not only is the maximum aluminum exceeded at two months, but they are injected with almost the same amount of aluminum at 4 months and again at 6 months, long before their kidneys are fully functioning and can eliminate the aluminum effectively. The combined amount of aluminum that builds up in their system will be dependent on their health and genetics, and is likely many, many times the recommended limit. More to the point, nobody knows what the repercussions are for the millions of children that are being vaccinated as part of the recommended schedule.

Parents, not the government or pharmaceutical companies, take full responsibility for vaccine damage
If your child is injured by vaccination, you can not sue the pharmaceutical company (s) that produced the vaccine (s). They have been protected from lawsuits by the US government. Instead, you must submit your case to the Vaccine Injury Compensation Program (VICP). To date, approximately 60 percent of the claims have been rejected. The problem with winning compensation is proving that the vaccine, not an unknown genetic problem or coincidence, caused the injury. Because your baby's immune system is complex, it is easy for them to say that it was something other than the vaccine that caused the problem. The whole process takes a long time, meaning that if your child is injured, you will likely wait years before you are awarded any money to defray the costs of raising a child with serious medical and caring needs. It is estimated that the lifetime cost of caring for one autistic child is more than $ 4.5M. VICP has awarded more than $ 1.1 billion for vaccine injuries since 1988. If your child is injured, no amount of money can really compensate you for losing the bright, happy, healthy child you once had.

In Summary
Vaccination is not mandatory. Exceptions are allowed in all states for medical, religious and / or philosophical reasons. As parents, you are the one who is extremely responsible for making decisions for your children. You are also the one who has to live with the repercussions of these decisions, not your family pediatrician, nor the government. Fortunately, there are many choices when it comes to custody. First, there is the choice to vaccinate or not. If you do choose to vaccinate, you should carefully consider how many vaccinations you want your child to be given and at what ages.

Recommended Books and DVD's:
"Vaccines: Are they Really Safe & Effective?", By Neil Z. Miller, 2002.
"The Vaccine Guide", by Randall Neustaedter, 2002.
"What Your Doctor May Tell You About Children's Vaccines", by Stephanie Cave MD, with Deborah Mitchell, 2001.
"Vaccine Illusion", by Tetyana Obukhanych
"The Vaccine Book", by Robert Sears
"Vaccines – What CDC Documents and Science Reveal", DVD, by Dr. Sherri J. Tenpenny
"Vaccines: The Risks, The Benefits, The Choices", DVD, by Dr. Sherri J. Tenpenny

1 Healing the new Childhood Epidemics: Autism, ADHD, Asthma and Allergies by Kenneth Bock, MD, and Cameron Stauth, 2007, Ballantine Books, New York.
2 Healing the new Childhood Epidemics: Autism, ADHD, Asthma and Allergies by Kenneth Bock, MD, and Cameron Stauth, 2007, Ballantine Books, New York.
3 The Congressional Quarterly, August 25, 2000, pg. 647
4 David Kessler, Introducing MedWatch: A new approach to reporting medication and device adverse effect and product problems , Journal of American Medical Association, July 2, 1993, 269 (21): 2765-68.
[5] Zatta PF, Alfrey AC. (Eds) Aluminum Toxicity in Infants' Health and Disease. 1997, World Scientific Publishing.
6 search for "alumninum toxicity"

Copyright 2009 Julie Fagan

New Research Shows Myopia Can Be Prevented

How Common is Myopia?

Myopia is becoming more precalent – some might even say it has become an epidemic. Myopia (nearsightedness) has increased in the US population by 66% in the last 30 years. The World Health Organization has categorized myopia with cataract, macular degeneration, infectious disease and vitamin A deficiency as among the leading causes of blindness and vision impairment in the world. Myopia is divided into two groups – low and high. The low group is up to -6.00 diopters in correction and the high (or pathological) group is greater than -6.00. The pathological group has a much higher incidence of potentially blind conditions including macular degeneration, retinal detachment, glaucoma, loss of visual acuity and color sensitivity. The prevalence of myopia varies by ethnic group reaching as high as 70-90% in Singapore. In Japan it is estimated that over a million people suffer from a vision impairment associated with high myopia that can not be adequately corrected with glasses or contact lenses. The probability of pathological myopia in some population based studies is as high as 3% of the population. In addition to the visually disabling effects are the economic costs – not only for the treatment costs but also for the loss of income due to visual disability. Since no universally accepted treatments have been able to reverse the structural changes of pathological myopia (the lengthening of the eyeball and thinning of the retina) it has long been the goal of research scientists in vision and ophthalmologists and optometrists to understand the factors that lead to these devastating changes in the structure of the eyeball and to devise the therapeutic strategies. The common solution of wearing glasses or contact lenses is temporary as most children will get worse each year, resulting in more blur and thicker and heavier lenses.

Although most researchers agree that there is a genetic component to the development of myopia there is a growing amount of research implicating visual experiences early in life that affect eye growth and the consequent development of myopia. Studies with animals (chickens, tree shrews and others) show that early visual experience affects the growth of the eye and the temporary myopia that may result. Specifically, the mismatch between the focus of central and peripheral vision can induce myopia. A typical eyeglass or contact lens that gives sharp central focus will overcorrect the peripheral focus. This causes myopia to increase. Some medications have a biochemical effect that will slow down the progress of myopia, but they typically have undesirable side effects. The newest research shows that specially designed bifocal contact lenses can slow down or even stop the progress of myopia. The most exciting studies show that orthokeratology can stop and even reverse (during the treatment period) the myopia that has already occurred, but only up to a certain amount, typically -6.00 diopters.

What Can We Do about Myopia?

Orthokeratology is vision correction without surgery. Orthokeratology, is also known as corneal refractive therapy (CRT), vision shaping treatment (VST), corneal molding or Ortho-K. It is the gentle reshaping of the cornea to correct myopia (nearsightedness). The cornea is the eye's equivalent of a watch crystal. It is a clear, dome shaped structure that overlies the colored iris. Its tissue is very thin (about 1 / 50th of an inch) and very reliable. Because the cornea separates the eye from air and because it has a curvature that bends light towards the back of the eye, it is responsible for 2 / 3rd of the eye's corrective power and contributions to various conditions such as nearsightedness (myopia), farsightedness ( hyperopia), and astigmatism. We can compensate for the eye's focus defects by reshaping the cornea.

It has been practiced for over 40 years. In the early years a series of lenses were fit on the eye, each with a progressively flatter fit, with the goal of reshaping the curvature of the eye. The techniques and success have greatly improved over the last 10 years. Now orthokeratology is accomplished by using specially designed contact lenses called reversed geometry lenses that gently flatten the cornea by pushing the central epithelial layers directly over the pupil towards the periphery of the cornea. This movement of corneal cells causes the center of the cornea to be thinner and flatter thus focusing the light closer to the retina. Orthokeratology refocuses the images on the retina in the same way as LASIK, but reversibly. Orthokeratology is FDA approved and FDA certified training is required of eye doctors to fit overnight ortho-K lenses. Only a competent of orthokeratology lenses have been approved for overnight orthokeratology by the FDA. A commonly used approved lens is the Paragon CRT (Corneal Refractive Therapy) Lens.

Corneal Molding has evolved into a method where many patients achieve success with the first lens. Good results typically take less than a week. The process is accomplished while you sleep using a computer designed reverse geometry contact lens. The lenses are inserted at bedtime and removed in the morning. The lenses, also known as vision retainers, safely and gently reshape the cornea changing the eye's focus. Most patients will have a good vision throughout the day. Some patients may only need to wear their lenses on two or three nights a week to maintain good vision. Ortho-K can produce results in a surprisingly short period of time. The length of treatment to achieve your goals can vary from patient to patient. Factors which can affect the speed of treatment include your initial degree of myopia, the rigidity of your cornea, the exact topography (shape) of your cornea, your tear quality and your expectations. Children are especially good candidates because their corneas are more viable and because any intervention at an early age will benefit them for the rest of their lives.

Patients interested in orthokeratology start with an eye exam and a free orthokeratology screening. After a comprehensive eye exam, including an orthokeratology consultation, corneal topography is done. These are topographical maps of the cornea. Everyone's topographical map is different, much like our fingerprints. Corneal topography shows irregularities in the cornea and is essential to designing contact lenses that will mold your cornea. Corneal topography also allows us to diagnose corneal diseases such as keratoconus. Specular microscopy is also performed which allows us to see that the endothelial corneal cells are healthy and fulfilling their function of keeping the cornea from becoming waterlogged and from losing its transparency.

Research also shows that the amount of time that children spend outdoors in the daylight also slows down the progress of myopia. There is still much for us to learn in combating nearsightedness, but we now have the tools to at least make a significant impact in controlling myopia.

Dr. David Littlefield

Otitis Media Symptoms and How to Resolve Them With Homeopathy

Otitis media symptoms should be clear enough so that the collective symptom picture leads you to a correct diagnosis. It's important to be able to see the collective picture because that way you are much more likely to arrive at the correct homeopathic medicine.

If you can detect the collective symptom picture and then see a correlation between this and the symptom picture of a homeopathic medicine, then it is probably going to do a great deal of good.

There are three different types of otitis media – serous, secretaory and suppurative. Knowing the symptoms of these is of little importance when you are using homeopathy. The patient's individual symptoms are much more important.

So let's have a look at the typical otitis media symptoms:

  • irritability
  • difficulty in sleeping
  • pain
  • loss of hearing
  • if the ear drum ruptures, then a purulent discharge may be apparent

It's worth noting that if it discharges internally, more serious complications can result, so it's best to seek professional help if your requests are not rewarding.

There is a very common homeopathic medicine that works so well for many children. Let's look at the strong keynote symptoms of Chamomilla:

  • irritability and / or capricious – demands things, then throws them away
  • pain which is worse than 9 – 12 midnight, making sleep impossible
  • over sensitive to pain, so even a little creates upheaval in the household
  • any type of otitis media with or without a discharge, internally or externally

I'm sure you can see a strong similarity between the two lists. Which makes Chamomilla one of the best and most common homeopathic medicines which can deal so effectively with the total resolution of otitis media symptoms.

Snoring – Types and Causes

There are two types of snoring: primary snoring and snoring indicative of obstructive sleep apnea (OSA). If your significant other is a snorer, you can conduct a sleep study, which is called a polysomnogram, to determine which type of snoring your significant other is suffering from. Of the two types of snoring, primary snoring, which is also called simple snoring, is the one that you should be concerned about the least. A person will not suffer from any health problems or lose out on any sleep because of primary snoring. You can tell a person is suffering from primary snoring if you can hear loud breathing while that person is sleeping. Primary snoring is uninterrupted and periodic. The noise from the loud breathing can be of any decibel level. Primary snoring results from some type of nasal passage blockage. The other type of snoring is more of a health concern and a doctor should be consulted for treatment recommendations. OSA can occasionally cause a complete blockage of the air passes for as long as 10 seconds and this may result in death due to suffocation. According to the National Institutes of Health, 12 million Americans have OSA and it is as common as diabetes. OSA sufferers can have as many as 20 to 30 involuntary breathing paususes during hour during sleep. These paususes occur because the throat muscles and tongue relax and block the opening of the airway. A person suffering from this type of snoring will have early morning headaches, problems staying awake during the day and low oxygen levels in the blood. If OSA is left untreated, a person can have high blood pressure and increased risk of cardiac arrest, stroke and heart disease. Unfortunately, 90% of OSA sufferers are undiagnosed and untreated.

Snoring occurs because of the vibrations of tissues against each other in the back of the mouth and nose. These tissues obstruct the airway and consist of the soft palate, the throat, the uvula, the tonsils, or the adenoids. Snoring occurs during sleep because deep sleep is what causes the relaxation of the throat muscles. This partially closes the airway. This narrowing of the airway obstructs the air flow, which causes the snoring. A narrower airway will cause louder noise because there will be more friction. There are several other causes of snoring. If you're not in shape, this can lead to poor muscle tone and lax muscles, which can contribute to snoring. Alcohol, sleeping pills, or antihistamines can increase the relaxation of throat and tongue muscles. Excessive fatty tissue in the neck can cause your throat to become smaller. A long soft palate or uvula can narrow the opening of the airway. A stuffy nose from a cold can block your nasal airways and make it harder to pull air through it. This will create a vacuum in your throat and pull together the tissues of the throat. Smoking or exposure to secondhand smoke can cause the throat muscles to relax and also creates nasal and lung congestion. Men are more likely to snore than women because they have narrower airways. When you're middle-aged or older, your throat become narrower and the muscle tone in your throat decreases. A deviated septum, which is a deformity of the wall that separates one nostril from the other, can cause obstructed breathing.

Stuttering – How to Stop Stuttering Using Self Hypnosis

The quest to stop stuttering is great for many people who stammer or stutter. There are some underlying reasons that make self-hypnosis an effective choice in your anti-stutter approach. You can quit your stutter habit when you put your mind to it.

Causes of Stuttering

If you want to stop stammering when you speak, it helps to look at the possible causes of the condition. Unfortunately, researchers have been unable to determine an exact cause for the condition. There is some evidence that there could be a genetic factor to consider.

You may be genetically speaking to stutter but this does not mean that the problem has to get out of control. You can consider other possible factors that can be controlled with self-hypnosis to help you stop stuttering.

Developing Language

Developmental stutters occur when young children are learning how to speak. Most children grow out of as they mature out of this temporary period. However, some have difficulty growing out of this phase. Self-hypnosis can help if you consider how the developmental stuttering works.

The child's mouth can not keep up with his thoughts and he can not stop stuttering. This can continue into adulthood. You may have thoughts that are stepping a few beats ahead of your ability to articulate them. You can take control of your thoughts through self-hypnosis.

Organizing Thought Processes

Sometimes your brain is so filled with thoughts and ideas that it becomes difficult to articulate them. The thought pattern in your mind is hurried and your articulation skills simply can not keep up with your ideas. If you think about it, the process of articulation is very complex.

Self-hypnosis can help you organize your thoughts processes in order to make articulation easier. This approach is very effective because you are entering it through the subconscious mind. Once your thoughts are organized and calmed, you are better able to put your ideas into words.

Neurogenic Stutter Problems

In some cases, the person who stutters has signal problems between the muscles and nerves that control speech and the brain. The muscles used to form language do not work properly. Some postulate that this is de to lesions or abnormalities in the speech and motor region of the brain.

Stop Stuttering with Self-Hypnosis

Your stammer can get worse when you have feelings of anxietyiness. It can also increase when you feel stressed, fatigued, excited or self-conscious. Self-hypnosis can effectively treat these underlying problems as you work through your stutter. When you are calm and relaxed, you are better able to articulate.

You may be able to articulate well when you sing or when you are talking to yourself. This indicates that you have great control over your speech patterns. Self-hypnosis can help you develop an approach to speaking that puts you in the frame of mind you are in when you are calm and alone or when you are singing.

You can take focus away from what you are trying to say conceptually, and focus on articulating words. The ability to stop stuttering is available in the resources of your mind.

A Stroke Struck and Changed My Family Forever

Time waits for no one. Can ten years fly like a stroke of lightning? Was it not yesterday I was disillusioned by what happened on August 16th, 2007? Was the pain not sharper than the sharpest razor blade ever manufactured? Didn’t I struggle to believe the saying that time will ease the emotional injury and eventually heal me? Wow! As I look back this month, I have no option but to thank God for where He has brought me and my loved ones from. If it had not been Him on our side all these years, where would we be? Time has indeed reduced the indescribable pain. May the name of the Lord be glorified for ever more.

Back in 2003, an unexpected phone call from my younger brother Osa woke me from deep slumber. He had bad news! His close friend in Nigeria had just called informing him our mother suffered a stroke – the right side of her body was paralyzed. A very cold chill raced down my spine as it dawned on me all her children resided outside the country. We were thousands of miles away. How was she going through this nightmare without anyone of us by her side? Tears became the order of the moment and stayed so till I broke the news to my younger sister Uyi who lived in the same city with me.

Trying to imagine our mother partially paralyzed was traumatizing. After all, I just saw a few months ago. She bubbled with so much life during her vacation with us in the U.S. I saw her off to the airport and stood there waving and watching her till she was out of sight. Little did I know I was watching my mother walking with her two legs unsupported for the last time. Such is life!

Preceding the advent of a stroke, my mother lived in the world of happiness she created for herself. We called it “her paradise.” She loved convenience and paid for it in an instant. She always had a staff for any and everything – a house help, a cook, driver, gardener and security or Gatemen like we call them. My mom did not need to lift a finger as everything was done for her.

Her love for God was immeasurable. I remember her gathering children in the neighborhood and wetting their fleeting appetites with cookies so that by the time the real food (the Word of God) came they had no choice but to participate. She also dedicated a room in our house to prayer. When we were young, my siblings and I used to dread being summoned into that room. We were known to spend at least one full hour in prayer with hunger pangs struggling to strip us of the little concentration we battled to maintain.

Entertaining people was something my mother did with a raw passion. Even if we had a visitor at midnight, she had a unique way of coming up with a dish with or without ingredients in the house. Her love for music went side by side with entertaining people. Back in the early seventies my mother connected loudspeakers from her bedroom all the way to the kitchen. How can I forget how the whole house woke up to classical music or hymns most mornings? As music had a permanent place in our house so did my mother’s love for art. From sculptures to paintings, she bought them like they were going out of fashion. Assorted flowers in her well kept garden was priceless for her. She talked to her plants every day and mourned even when the ugliest flower in the garden died.

One of us had to travel to Nigeria to be with our darling mother. Although the timing was bad for all us because coincidentally, we were all dealing with individual storms raging like mad dogs in our lives, my brother Osa, her only son and last child hopped on the next available flight.

Reality set in as Osa arrived in Lagos, Nigeria. Our mother was worse than we imagined. The original plan to get her taken care of till she was strong enough to travel to the U.S. a month or two later went out of the window. Osa had to bring her back with him. They left three weeks later on a flight with a stopover in London.

Uyi and I spent the morning preparing to receive our mother. I had a hard time mentally picturing what laid ahead. For one, I can’t stand seeing people sick or suffering. How was I going to stomach seeing my mother sick and helpless? I had no choice but to sweep my fears under the rug of fate and wait till I set my eyes on her. On the other hand, my sister was more than prepared. She loves caring for people and had once toyed with the idea of pursuing Nursing. She was mentally and physically ready to take on the challenge of looking after our mother.

I can never forget the moment we met our mum and Osa at the Arrivals area of the airport. We were so shocked to see our beloved mother! She was a far cry from the woman I saw off to the airport the last time she visited. Who would have imagined her next visit to the U.S. would be in a wheelchair? I was speechless, frozen with fear and in denial. Her size and exuberance had shrunk so much – she was half her size and so helpless. Her signature laughter that always announced her presence was nowhere to be found. She could hardly talk. I remained in a cocoon of shock the whole day. I just could not look at her in the face. How could I?

That night I got into bed with her. She was lying on her back and staring at the ceiling as if she was looking for answers to the many questions on her mind. She seemed to be glad to be around her children and grandchildren but I knew my mother was wrestling with the unfortunate trap her body was caught in. I laid besides her in total silence. Sleep was far from me because of how much I ached emotionally. I looked at her in the dark and noticed tears rolling down into her pillow. I was also weeping in silence until I summoned up strength and asked in a voice like I just woke up “Are you okay Mommy?” She whispered to me “I am fine my dear.”

The first few weeks were rough. We wore the cloak of patience, dedication and tolerance as we did everything under the sun for our mother. She was like a new baby in our helpless arms. I babysat her at night while my sister took care of her during the day. Although we were feeling burnt out because we didn’t know better plus the guilt of seeing her like that plagued us a great deal. Her visit to a particular doctor opened another chapter.

Series of tests were performed on her and she was referred for Physical Therapy. Her first day in therapy was the beginning of the slow death of dependence in the life of my mother. The beautiful but assertive American therapist made my mother do some things we never imagined she could do even with the presence of partial paralysis. The therapist made us promise not to assist her except it was necessary. I openly welcomed the idea with relief but inwardly doubted if my mother could cope – she was used to being pampered. My mom did not find this verdict funny. How could she? We assured her it was going to be a gradual process for her own good. This was the beginning of the gradual banishment of my mother totally relying on us or anybody to do things for her.

We started by ignoring her constant request to be put on the next available flight back to her comfort zone in Lagos, Nigeria. We were not going to help her escape to her “paradise” because with the stroke she had to do it herself or resign to the fate of permanent paralysis. As our mother attended therapy on a constant basis, she saw some patients coming in without hands or legs but a fierce determination to do things without assistance. She started seeing the liability of depending on others to do the little things you can do for yourself. This motivated her and with time, faith, and encouragement from everyone, she started doing things for herself to the point of mastering the use of her left hand and leg. She learned to groom herself without assistance, get into and out of bed by herself, move around with little or no assistance, feed herself using her left hand and even go on outings with the family with minimal assistance.

She improved dramatically and realized that her idea of “paradise” was actually hell because the ability to do things by yourself is an invaluable asset. Although the stroke is the worst thing one can experience, in my mother’s case it helped us learn some invaluable lessons. For one, it exposed the ugly side of dependence, taught us patience and tolerance, increased our faith in God that nothing is impossible, fostered unity in our family and discouraged taking advantage of any situation. We learned to live every single day intentionally.

We were privileged to have our mother for four more years. We all rotated caring for her in our homes for 6 months to one year at a time. At about 9:30pm on August 16, 2007, our beloved mother went to glory. It left a huge void in our lives but 10 years later, I can look back and thank God for seeing us through this very stormy but valuable part of our lives.

Darling Mommy, though it still seems like yesterday, your lovely memory will continually linger in our hearts. I miss you so, so much! Fond, memories of the good times, your unique laughter, jokes, mozzarella and almond craze and all you stood for. I am eternally grateful to God for the privilege of having a mother like you. I will always love and cherish you. Thank you for bringing me to this world, the beautiful life you gave all of us, your values and all you stood for. No day passes without a memory of you. May your beautiful continue to rest in peace until we meet again.

May the souls of all our loved ones departed, rest in perfect peace, in Jesus’ name.

Hair Loss Treatment – Causes of Balding in Men – Hair Transplantation


A lot of men experience alopecia at some point in their lives; in fact research indicates that 4 in 7 men have the baldness gene. Baldness can start at different ages; most men experience it at around the age of 35, however today there are several cases of early hair loss in men, starting as early as 20s. The venture in to hair transplantation is becoming a really common medical practice, since men are seeking solutions to curb hair loss. Many men assume that baldness is a result of excessive testosterone but they are completely wrong. We will look deeply into this hormone causing the male pattern baldness i.e. androgenic alopecia, as well as other factors that cause it. This will make you more enlightened and well-informed to practice preventive measures against losing hair early enough.

Common causes of Male Hair Loss

Androgenic alopecia triggered by Di Hydro Testosterone (DHT)

This is a pattern of hair thinning in men which results in a receding hairline and a thinning crown, leaving a horse shoe shaped ring at the back and sides of the head. This is caused by a hormone called dihydtotestosterone (DHT) which affects hair growth and prostate as well. DHT acts on genetically vulnerable follicles, causing them to shorten, miniaturize and eventually disappear hence thinning in the specific areas of the scalp until the hair completely stops growing. However the hair at the back of the head is less susceptible to DHT and more permanent. During hair transplantation, the permanent hair is transplanted to the balding area, and since the follicles retain their DHT effects resistivity characteristics, they continue to grow normally.

To prevent the effects of DHT, medications like Rogaine (minoxidil) and Propecia (finasteride) can be taken to reverse miniaturization.

Physical and Emotional Stress

Physically stressing the hair strands by pulling hair tightly either braiding or pony tails called traction alopecia and other activities like excessive styling using lots of heat or harsh chemicals cause hair loss by weakening the strands that eventually break off. Some people also have the habit of pulling off their hair unknowingly; this is known as trichotillomania; a habit that results in alopecia.

Chemotherapy while targeting rapidly growing cells affects the growth phase of hair, slowing growth and eventually hair thinning. Radiotherapy of the scalp causes trauma to the affected areas causing baldness. Stressful experiences like accidents, severe illness, surgery poisoning, cause temporary shock loss where a lot of hair enters resting phase at the same time telogen effluvium, resulting in severe shedding and balding.

Emotionally stressful periods like death of a loved one, break ups and divorce can also cause hair loss.

Medication and Drugs

Some drugs which affect the natural hormonal balance can cause permanent or temporary loss of hair. Such medications are for example anabolic steroids and drugs that are used to cure blood pressure, acne, diabetes, blood thinners, anti depressants, heart disease, cholesterol and mycotic infections.

Seasonal Hair Loss

Seasonal hair loss occurs during the changes of seasons, because the skin is trying to adjust itself to the new weather. Maximum hair loss is experienced during winter, the scalp gets too dry and flaky and sheds hair. In summer, the skin sweats a lot, blocking pores and preventing healthy hair-growth. Excessive UV rays from the sun damage the hair.

Immune system diseases and Hypothyroidism

The thyroid gland regulates the metabolism of the body by releasing some hormones. Birth abnormalities and removal of thyroid gland causes hypothyroidism which is under production of some hormones resulting in patchy loss known as alopecia areata.

Diseases where the immune system attacks healthy body tissue are known as autoimmune diseases e.g diabetes and arthritis. Cicatricial alopecia is hair loss that results from the immune system attacking the hair follicles causing permanent hair loss scars.

Poor Nutrition

Hair is made from protein called keratin. Poor nutrition affects hair-growth. Deficiencies in nutrients like protein, iron, vitamin B, zinc, biotin. Excess vitamin A intake can also cause hair loss.


A common fungal infection of the scalp commonly known as ring worm (tinea capitis) that arise due to poor hygiene causes hair loss scar. Other infections that cause alopecia secondary syphilis, dissecting celullitis and folliculitis. In a more oily scalp, a microscopic mite called demodex follicullorum is likely to thrive; it feeds on sebum, denying hair its nutrients causing thinning and falling.

Unhealthy Lifestyle

Poor habits like insufficient sleep, smoking and excessive drinking can also affect hair growth adversely. Carbon monoxide from smoke prevents circulation of oxygen to the follicles, while excess drinking of alcohol causes dehydration stopping the body from absorbing essential nutrients.

Learn The Truth About Himalayan Goji Berries

Himalayan Goji Berries = Nutrient Packed Goodness

In the Himalayan Mountains, you'll find large numbers of goji berries being grown for commercial uses. These lovely reddish fruits have become a big business for the country because of the berries' high level of nutrients and antioxidants. Let's delve a little deeper into what makes these Himalayan Goji berries something special.

Some of the Research Findings

Although Himalayan Goji berries have been used for medicinal and culinary purposes in China for thousands of years, the West is just now trying to determine if they really can do miraculous things for people's health. Many of the studies are finding promising results. For example, in 2004 studies conducted on rabbits who had diabetes showed improvements in their blood glucose and in their good cholesterol. Two years later, studies on aging mice found that the antioxidants in the berries did reduce the number of free radicals while also improving the effectiveness of their immune system.

These tests clearly suggest that the health benefits of the berries are not purely myths dreamed up by marketing departments. They do have a clear basis in science.

Understanding the Importance of Antioxidants

One of the most impressive benefits of the Himalayan Goji berries is their significant levels of antioxidants. While you may have heard that having these compounds in your diet can provide huge health benefits, most people are not clear about how they actually help.

In the modern world, we are constantly coming into contact with secondhand smoke, pollution, and a wide range of other sources of free radicals. When these are bouncing around inside your body, they can cause damage and that damage shows up by increasing your risks of diseases. Antioxidants help "capture" the free radicals therefore making them non-threatening. The more antioxidants you have in your body the better off you will be because you will have sufficient levels to combat large numbers of free radicals.

Appreciating the Berries

Not only do the Himalayan Goji berries provide high levels of these important antioxidants, but they also taste good. Their flavor is comparable to other berries, such as strawberries, raspberries, and even cranberries. If that sounds like a tasty fruit or you just want to take extra measures to protect your body from dangerous free radicals, you should give them a try.

Methodology of Homeopathic Treatment

Contrary to other systems of medicine, the homeopathic system of treatment removes the causes of diseases, instead of their effects. Once the cause is removed, the effect will automatically disappear.

According to the homoeopathic philosophy, what substance causes a disease, the same has the capacity to remove its effect. For example, if someone threatens you, you respond more loudly, more powerfully and more qualitatively.
Homeopathic remedy is essentially a nuclear remedy, and, therefore, the electrons of disease found in a remedy, will immediately start working, because, the disease is in a crude form, whereas remedies are more powerful.

Quick and permanent relief:
The goal of homeopathic treatment is to give relief quickly and permanently with the greatest and in a small quantity. The remedies should be repeated only when the symptoms of the disease reappear. If overdosing is done, the effect stops, and after some time, the same will work again. With overdoses the reaction would be; burning of tongue, heavy urination or dirrhea. Then clean your teeth with "Manjan Farooquee" (a tooth powder widely used in South India), "Zinda Tilismaat" (a multi-purpose drug used both internally and externally) or such other camphor bearing ingredients. These are called "anti-dotes."

Some times, for one disease, there would be many remedies. Therefore, one additional symptom has to be traced and tackled because, to draw an exact line, you need at least two points. For instance, a tribal woman came to a homeopath and complained to him that she was suffering from sterility. The doctor asked her if she had any other symptom? She complained of having "Lumbago" (back ache).

The homeopath noted down, from repertory, all the remedies relating to sterility. Then in the next paragraph, he wrote down remedies for Lumbago. When he compared those two groups of remedies, he got three or four common remedies. After then, with a gap of just two minutes, he tried on her those remedies one after another, to see if Lumbago is removed. Finally, a third remedy … Silicia worked immediately. She got a quick relief and he advised her to take a dose of Silicia of 30 potency; one dose per week. She strictly and honestly followed the medical advice and, consequently, conceived.

According to the homeopathic philosophy, there are three basic miasmas-ie; toxicities (responsible for all the diseases).
(1) Psora: – It is caused by impurity of mind and body. Its basic symptom is: itch. Psora patient is, usually, found to be intelligent, impatient and active. He suffers more during the daytime. All skin diseases are based in psora.
(2) Psychosis (Gonorrhea): – It is caused by impure sexual contact. Due to gonorrhea, urinary canal gets infected. A pus-like substance is discharged from pudndum and its environs. Burning is felt in urinary canal. Glandulary developments take place. This type of patient mostly develops a criminal mentality. Usually, he likes meat. He feels better and more comfortable at night. All his crimes are due to intelligence. Gonorrhea patient is mischievous.
(3) Syphilis: – This venereal disease is also caused by impure sexual contact. Syphilis patient is morbid. All his crimes are due to morbidity and insanity. Symptoms aggravate during the night. Physical symptoms are found in fissures (cracks) around the glands, especially on the head of penis. Hair fall and the falling of eye brows and bears are some other symptoms of the disease. A fresh miasma of psora, gonorrhea and syphilis can be easily treated but the most difficult treatment is that of hereditary miasmas, transferred from parents to their children.

What is Impurity of Mind?
Impurity of mind is: to be absent from the present moment on the physical plane. Mentally, it means; shifting from the source. Psychologically, it implies; roaming about of psyche (ego). Plants are rarely sick. Sicker than them are animals. Most sickly are human beings. Why? Plants have no mind. Animals have mind and human beings have a mind ego. All the problems arrive due to the fickle mind, wandering about in search of its source. Therefore, it has a tendency to go into the past, or into the future, and is not content with the present, because, in the present moment, it has not found its source. Now its past becomes romantically interesting or its future glorious.

That means; it knows its goal but does not know where it is. Consequent upon its wanderings, it is removed from its source. Then how to trace the source? The source is everywhere in the infinite vastness of the universe. Therefore, in the present moment, where your instincts, impulses, senses and minds go, the source is there. Be present with your senses, your breath, your activity, your mind and the last but not the least, your imagination. In short, be present with the reality; be present in the real world.

Do You Have Stinky Tonsil Stones?

Tonsil stones are possibly one of the nastiest non-lethal substances on earth. By comparison, the stench that is sprayed by an angry skunk is "sweet!" After food, mucous and bacteria have made their way into one of the many different pockets in your tonsils, they begin to "grow". In truth, the "growth" is the result of additional material layering upon what was already there, until suddenly, you have formed several stinky tonsil stones.

If you have been "fortunate" enough to cough up one of these stinky little monsters, and then brave enough to squeeze it while checking for consistency, you were no doubt left with a "smashed kidney bean" like substance, and fingers that smelled like they would never again be fit to eat with.

Now, let's look at one critical fact. Unless you are able to eliminate your tonsil stones once and for all, this stench producing muck will forever be taining the air that passes by your tonsils while making the trek from your lungs to the outside world. If you are even remotely interested in making favorite first impressions with the people you meet as you move through life, nothing about stinky tonsil stones can be good.

You can be wearing a tailored suit or custom fit dress. You can have porcelain veneer teeth that are so white that others need sunglasses. In fact, you can spend as much money as you want on items that will help you form a great first impression. However, if your breath has that yucky sulfur based stench that goes hand in hand with tonsil stones, this alone will NEGATE EVERYTHING ELSE!

Make your first impression checklist start on the inside. While you may be brushing your teeth and flossing every day, no amount of brushing and flossing will ever be able to adequately deal with tonsillitis and tonsil stones, and the resultant foul smell that these globs of yuck create.

Believe me when I tell you, you'll get much farther in life with a $ 200 suit and fresh clean breath than you will with a $ 3000 Armani and "death breath" that would knock over a bull. Do not let something so simple be so detrimental.

Lumbar Epidural Injections for Pain Management Relieve Sciatica Tremendously

At any one point in time, 1% of America is suffering sciatica from a herniated disc. If that seems like a small number, consider that amounts to over 3 million people with burning, searing pain going down one of their legs right now!

Sciatica pain can be extremely painful, and it may burn or cause a pins and needles sensation along with muscle spasms. Patients may be administrated narcotic medications to treat pain, but they actually do not work so great for sciatica type pain.

But lumbar epidural injections actually have an excellent track record for sciatica. The principal behind an epidural steroid injection into the lower back is as follows. You have a nerve root that has been inflamed. This may be from a herniated disc, or in the case of spinal stenosis it may be overgrown and arthritic bone and soft tissue. There is another scenario where the disc may have a tear in it and that is sparking up what is known as a "chemical" radiculitis.

There are a few different types of lumbar epidural injections.

Intra-Laminar Epidural Injections

· Transforaminal Epidural Injections

· Caudal Epidural Injections

The first type invented sixty years ago was intra-laminar epidurals. These involve placing a needle just underneath the bony area overlying the spinal canal called the lamina. Thousand of intra-laminar epidural injections are done every day in America.

For decades, doctors did these injections in an office setting without an x-ray machine. Then a study approximately ten years ago showed that without a real time form of x-ray, called fluoroscopy, about 40% of these injections missed the mark. More and more, fluoroscopy is now becoming the standard of care in this country to ensure the best chance of accurate needle placement in epidural injections.

As the use of fluoroscopy was becoming popular, transforaminal epidural steroid injections were developed. These injections involve placing the steroid medication closer to the area of ​​where the nerve roots are leaving the spinal and being pinched. This type of injection is now extremely popular among pain management doctors and the results have exhibited between 75% and 90% pain relief success in multiple studies.

The third type of lumbar epidural injection is termed a caudal injection. This injection is very interesting, as it involves an approach through a low point in the sacrum in the buttock area. The pain doctor places the needle through an area called the sacral hiatus and then injects a reasonable amount of numbing medicine and steroid. Multiple areas of nerve root compression can be evaluated at one time, which is great in a situation such as spinal stenosis that affects multiple levels.

Complications of epidural steroid injections are small but real. They may include infection, bleeding, and temporary nerve injury. Paralysis is an extremely rare complication.

These injections are done in an outpatient setting. Patients either receive intravenous sedation or simply local numbing medicine. For most patients that is all they need!

When Your ENT Offers Adenoid Surgery

Adenoid surgery or adenoid removal is one of the most common ENT surgeries. But you must resort to extreme step of surgery only when your ENT specialist is hopeless of treating the complication through medications and other alternative ways.

This adenoid removal task is often performed with operation of tonsillitis. Adenoid removal or Adenoidectomy involves removal of pair of adenoid glands that exist in nasopharynx (nasal part of the pharynx).

But before undergoing an adenoidectomy, patient as well as doctor must be sure about it. Most of these these glands get swelled and become greater in size causing an obstacle in nasopharynx path. It may result in discomfort in breathing through the nose and breathing dysfunction during nap. Also in case of chronic otitis media this surgery is recommended.

When glands get enlarged, initially medications are used. But if it does not give the desired results, doctors have no other option but to recommend adenoidectomy. Kids having chronic tonsillitis are often suggested to undergo adenoid removal even if its size is normal.

This surgery is performed under the influence of local Anesthesia. Most often microdebrider is used to cut out the gland. Post operation twenty four hour care in hospital is must before discharging the patient for home.

Although surgery is not very complicated, your ENT specialist takes utmost care. Post surgery patients are needed to follow a restricted food plan for a few days. After surgery you need to keep track of your breathing comfort and any after effect for first few days.

Since in adults this gland automatically gets reduced into very smaller size and has probably no significant relevance for the body, so this surgery is primarily meant for kids having adenoid disorder.

If a kid is undergoing adenoid as well as tonsillitis surgery simultaneously, the operation may result in severe complications. In that case the child must be provided with best possible post surgery medical care.

Post surgery medications must be consumed for the prescribed period. And thereon you can periodically visit your ENT surgeon for check up. At least six month post operation monitoring is a preferred practice recommended by ENT doctors.

So, take post operation care seriously and before letting your kid undergo this surgery be sure that the surgery is inevitable.

Insulin – A Beginner's Guide to The Basics

You just received the news that your doctor is adding insulin to your diabetes treatment plan. The use of insulin to control your diabetes can be confusing and intimidating. It does not have to be. Using insulin is a positive experience because it helps you to manage your diabetes.

The first thing to remember is that insulin is not a punishment in any form. If you are using insulin, it is because insulin is absent from your body, or your body still makes insulin but it is not enough. Sometimes oral meds are no longer working, so insulin is added to your treatment plan. Your doctor will discuss your dosing requirements with you.

Insulin injections are nothing to be afraid of, even for people that are fearful of needles. Modern technology has made the needles so small and thin that the insulin injection is rarely felt. Used correctly in conjunction with your meal plan and exercise, insulin can give you excellent control.

There are many different guides on how to manage an insulin injection, so this topic will not be covered in this guide. The basics of using insulin are simple, and require knowledge of how insulin works which your doctor should explain to you. Insulin use also requires knowledge of insulin delivery systems, and insulin supplies that will help make your life with insulin a breeze.

Insulin delivery

Insulin delivery systems are a matter of need and choice. Insulin users that have insulin pumps as their delivery system have much different guidelines that will not be covered here. The focus of insulin delivery systems for this article will be on syringes, insulin pens, jet injectors and inhaled insulin.

Dosage amount and syringe size

Insulin syringes and needles come in different sizes. The amount of your insulin dose determines the size of the syringe that you will need to use. If you are taking 30 units or less, a 3/10 cc (30 unit) syringe will work. If you are taking 31 to 50 units, 1/2 cc syringe (50 unit) will be needed. If your dose is 51 units or more, a 1 cc (100 unit) syringe will be necessary. The needle sizes vary for each syringe size. Syringes may be purchased from a pharmacy.

Insulin syringes are disposable, and should be discarded after one use. A bio hazardous container such as a sharps container will be needed to hold discarded syringes. These containers can be obtained from some waste disposal services, and may purchased from any pharmacy. Disposal of sharps containers requires special handling. Your doctor, diabetes educator, or pharmacy should be able to tell you where sharps can be disposed of in your area.

Insulin Vials

Liquid insulin comes in vials and insulin pens. Vials are stored in the refrigerator until use, and are discarded after the insulin is used up, or after 28 days, whichever comes first. Vials hold various amounts of insulin depending on the brand. Insulin is drawn up into the syringe from the vial and can be injected into several areas of the body, usually the thigh or abdomen. Most types of insulin require a prescription.

Insulin pens

Insulin pens are a convenient way to administrator insulin. An insulin pen looks like an oversized ink pen, and uses disposable needles. There are two different types of pens. One type is prefilled with 300 units of insulin. The prefilled pen is discarded after the insulin is used up or after 28 days, the same as for vials. The other type uses insulin cartridges, and the cartridges are changed using the same schedule that is used for prefilled pens. Insulin pens are not refrigerated after the first use.

Needles for the insulin pens come in different sizes. Insulin dosages are dialed on the pen in one-half and one unit increments depending on the type of pen used. The result of dosing by pen is fewer dosing errors. Insulin pens are handy, and allow easy dosing for people on the go. Pens are also discreet. It is not recommended that pen needles be used more than once for the same reasons that syringes should not be reused; bacteria and possible infection. Pen needles should be discarded in a sharps container.

Another insulin delivery device that falls into the insulin pen category is called the InnoLet. This device looks like a kitchen timer with a big dial. The InnoLet holds 300 units of insulin and is very handy for people with visual difficulties.

Jet Injectors

Jet injectors release a tiny stream of insulin through the skin by using a mechanism that creates high-pressure air. The injector does not use a needle. After the insulin dose is loaded into the injector, the injector is placed against the skin and a button is pressed to release the insulin into the skin. Jet injectors are not very popular among users due to bruising and other factors.

Inhaled Insulin

Exubera, the only insulin that is inhaled, was approved for use by the FDA in January of 2006. Your doctor will advise you if inhaled insulin is an alternative for you to use to treat your diabetes. Exubera comes packaged as a dry powder in blister packs, and the packs are loaded into an inhaler. The insulin is inhaled into the lungs. This method of insulin delivery has some restrictions that should have been discussed with your doctor.

Diabetes supplies

After you decide which insulin delivery system you will be using, a carrying case will be needed to carry your insulin, meter and other necessary items. A multitude of diabetes products are on the market to accommodate your needs. Choosing the right products will make the time that you spend on diabetes management more productive. The best way to locate diabetes products is to search for them online, or look in diabetes magazines.

It is important for insulin users to carry a meter and glucose tablets at all times. Insulin can cause "lows" which can lead to unconsciousness if not treated promptly. Insulin users also have to test more frequently than non-insulin users.

Now that you have the insulin basics, you should be confident that you can use insulin proficiently and painfully as part of your treatment plan. Discuss with your doctor which insulin delivery method is best for you, and start on the road to better diabetes control.

© Copyright 2007 Patti McMann. All rights reserved.