Playing Guitar and the Wound 3rd String

We all know that guitar strings come in many flavors. They can initially be separated into categories according to what types of guitars they are made for.

There are strings that are designed for acoustic guitars, electric guitars and classical guitars. Within those categories they can be further separated according to thickness (gauge), material, and brand.

Furthermore, each set of strings can be separated into categories of "wound" and "un-wound" strings.

Wound strings are manufactured by "winding" a material around a central core. The result is a "thicker" string capable of producing lower bass tones.

Two common materials that wound strings are made of are "bronze wound" strings, typically found on acoustic guitars – and "nickel wound" strings typically found on electric guitars.

Quite often, the main difference between a set of acoustic guitar strings, and a set of electric guitar strings (other than material); is that an acoustic set contains a wound 3rd string. On an electric set of guitar strings the 3rd string is often un-wound.

A typical set of acoustic guitar strings will usually look like this:

1st (E) – un-wound

2nd (B) – un-wound

3rd (G) – wound

4th (D) – wound

5th (A) – wound

6th (E) – wound

The extra thickness of the wound 3rd on a set of acoustic guitar strings helps add a "fullness" to the tone of an acoustic guitar by increasing the "bottom end" of the sound.

From the perspective of a lead guitarist that plays electric guitar, a wound third string can have a down side. A wound string is much harder to "bend" than an un-wound string.

To prove this to yourself, pick up an acoustic guitar with a wound third and attempt to bend the string. It can be done, but will require a lot of extra finger pressure, and the string will not have as much "give".

This is why most electric guitar sets come with an un-wound 3rd, because so many string bends, when playing lead guitar, take place on the 3rd string.

But ironically there are electric guitar strings available with a wound 3rd string.

Why? Because some electric guitarists that typically play rhythm guitar, prefer the extra "meat" in tone that the wound 3rd string produces.

Which one is best for you? It's hard to say and greatly depends on your personal preference and playing style.

But for the time being, just be aware of the differences between string sets with wound 3rd strings and un-wound 3rd strings, and play around with each until you find the one that works best for you.

Alopecia X – Canine Hair Loss

For want of a better name for this canine hair loss, alopecia X is derived from a hormonal disorder that is not considered to be life threatening.

This type of canine hair loss is known by other names, such as black skin disease, the cold funk, castration-responsive dermatosis and growth hormone responsive alopecia. It is characterized by patches of missing hair, and can progress to a total loss of the dog's coat.

Breeds of dog that seem to be more commonly affected include:

Pomeranian, Chow Chow, Alaskan Malamute, Spitz, Poodle and the Elkhound.

Male dogs seem to have a higher prevalence and the condition usually presents itself at around three years of age. The dog's coat will appear to be lifeless and dry, with lengthier hairs falling out first as well as the possibility of the skin becoming flaky.

How is it diagnosed?

Your veterinarian will conduct a battery of tests to rule out other health disorders, such as a thyroid disorder, hyposomatotrophism, Cushing's disease, or follicular dysplasia. Testing for alopecia X include a urine sample, a blood analysis, and biopsy of skin tissue.

Canine hair loss treatments:

Alopecia X can be treated by spaying or neutering your dog if the disorder is found to be of hormonal origin. In addition, the drugs methyltestosterone or lysodren can be administrated.

You can also give your dog oral doses of melatonin every 12 hours plus additional supplement nutrition. Your vet will determine the appropriate course of treatment once diagnosis has been determined.

Trilostane, which interferees with the synthesis of 3beta-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase, has shown to be every effective in the treatment of alopecia X, which stimulated hair regrowth in dogs diagnosed with canine hair loss. There are no side effects attributed to the use of this medication.

Management:

Dogs diagnosed with alopecia X are prone to extreme temperatures of heat and cold. Getting a doggy shirt of some kind to protect the skin while outdoors will prevent further damage to the skin.

Bathe and comb your dog regularly as this can promote hair growth by increasing circulation to the skin. There is the possibility that the alopecia x is not a stand alone condition – it could have the result of two or more problems in combination that are causing the hair loss.

If your dog is showing signs of alopecia X, a visit with your veterinarian will define the cause and the appropriate treatment will be prescribed.

Natural Treatment For Glaucoma – With One Homeopathic Medicine

The natural treatment for glaucoma is likely to resolve more than the glaucoma. Natural treatment, especially homeopathic, works by clearing blockages that prevent your immune system working properly. Once it can resume its normal function, everything starts to come right.

Glaucoma is an increase in the pressure within your eye structure. This comes about because the aqueous humor (eye fluid) is being created more quickly than it is leaving the eye. This increased pressure can change the optical efficiency of the parts of the eye, especially the retina, the optic disc and eventually the optic nerve. This can lead to vision defects and eventually to blindness. The symptoms can come on unnoticed, as there is no pain, so it may take some time to notice a decrease in your vision.

When the natural treatment for glaucoma, or any health problem, is using homeopathy, it’s always helpful to know what was going on in your life at the time it started. Since the symptoms come on slowly in glaucoma, this can be difficult. So the accurate prescription may rely entirely on the matching of your symptoms to those of the chosen medicine. The homeopathic medicine Phosphorus works very well on the structures of the eye. Here are some of the symptoms:

  • glaucoma
  • retinal bleeding
  • degenerative changes in the retina
  • detached retina
  • atrophy (degeneration) of the optic nerve
  • writing appears red
  • there is a green halo around light sources
  • as if there is a veil over your eyes
  • photophobia (unable to tolerate direct sunlight or glare)

Along with one or more of the above symptoms, for this medicine to work for you, you will also need some of the general symptoms:

  • a great thirst for icy cold drinks
  • a history or respiratory troubles which go to your chest easily
  • a history of bleeding which is bright red and won’t clot (wounds, nose bleeds, etc), including hemophilia
  • worse for fasting, spicy food, lying on left side, twilight
  • better for company, eating, sleep
  • anxiety especially for sudden noises and/or that something bad is going to happen

Rahu The Shadow Planet

Rahu and Ketu are shadow planets and have no physical form like other seven planets. Taurus is its exaltation sign and Scorpio is its debilitated sign. Rahu also acts a catalyst agent to enhance the results of that strong planet with whom it is conjoined.

General charters tics of Rahu:

  • Considered as cruel, significator of bondage, dark complexion, tamsic or arrogant nature, harsh or evil thinking, Rahu also represents Akash element and contributes for fear psychosis and madness.
  • Rahu is a shadow planet hence deals with the shadow actions or psychological aspects of a person. Rahu represents serpent head, it strikes too fast, hence is an indicator of accident. It has secretive deals. People with strong Rahu even try to understand mysticism and secrets of universe.
  • Rahu is responsible for profession in investigation, scientist, computer programmer, lecturer, psychologist, expert in mental diseases, politicians and work related to radio/telephone/ television and astrology.
  • Rahu is responsible for sinking with ship or drawing, pleasure with diseased women, life in a cave. Being a significator of Akash element Rahu is also responsible for journey by aeroplane. Rahu can cause imprisonment if it is placed in 12th house.
  • Rahu like Saturn has separative tendencies hence breaks many houses and even business partnerships. It is responsible for marital or family discord. It is a planet of suddenness hence gives quick and sudden results. In human relations it, it commands the maternal -side and in-laws.
  • On the human body Rahu is indicator of skin diseases, causes abortions, and affects the nervous system, phobia, stammering, leprosy, tumours, serpent bits, amputation, leprosy, giddiness and early child deaths.

Planetary effects of Rahu:

  • Generally Rahu offers the results of the planets with which it is conjoined, or by which it is aspected or by the ruler of the sign in which they are placed.
  • Astrologers consider Rahu as a very strong and powerful and it snatches power of a planet/s to whom it is associated with. All attributes/qualities of that planet/s are being taken by Rahu and the result may happen accordingly in its period.
  • If Rahu placed in benefice houses like 5th/9th and if it is in conjunction with or aspected by lord of Maraka hose such that is 2nd/7th, it causes death in their Dasha, even through the lord of house 5th/9th are highly auspicious or produce raj-yoga.
  • If Rahu is in Maraka houses or in 2nd/7th and if it is conjoined with or aspected by lords of 5th/9th, it does not causes death, but it increases one’s health and contribute for the longer life span of the native.
  • If Rahu is paced in 2nd/7th and if lords of 2nd/7th are conjoined with it or aspect Rahu the latter then gets the power of inflicting death.
  • Rahu place in 6th/8th/12th house and associated with lords of quadrants/trines, the native will enjoy the beneficial results during the transition period or Mahadasa of such planet, but they will also suffer from diseases, undergo many difficulties and meet with accident during Antradasha of lord of 6th/8th/12th planets.
  • Rahu placed in 1st/3rd/4th/7th/9th/10th and benefice or Yogkarak planets conjoin or aspect it, one can expect happiness, health, wealth, children, power, prosperity and comforts of conveyance in their periods.
  • Rahu combine with Sun/Moon or in close conjunction with them produces Eclipse yoga. This yoga affects the digestion and progeny. The native faces many hardships in the life regarding luck, education career and child birth.

Brief description of effects produced by placement of Rahu in different house:

  • 1st — cruel, courageous, dark complexion, faith in religion.
  • 2nd— argumentative, quarrelsome, knowledge in computer or electronics.
  • 3rd— wealthy, wrestler, sportsman, healthy.
  • 4th— unhappy, problem related with mother and property.
  • 5th— progeny problems, abortions, timid, poor intelligence.
  • 6th— winner, no enemy, freedom from diseases.
  • 7th— late/unconventional marriage, diabetic and egoistic.
  • 8th— exile, loose morals, litigation and settlement away from the birth place.
  • 9th— political career, wealthy and expert in many fields.
  • 10th— politics, interest in literature and scholar.
  • 11th — excess flow of income and fame.
  • 12th— imprisonment, saint fame gained outside the country.

BY

GEETA JHA [SPIRITUAL HEALER]

INDIA

Symptoms and Treatment for the Thunderclap Headache

A thunderclap headache is a severe and sudden headache with enough force to literally knock a person over. It feels like the worst headache of your life. The sudden impact of the headache can come out of nowhere. The pain can peak within 60-seconds, with the pain often starting to fade and clear after 60-minutes. A very severe thunderclap headache is still noticed after a period of 7 days or longer. The pain is noticed anywhere in the region of the neck or head.

A thunderclap headache is rare. But can be an early indication of a life-threatening condition. They could be giving a warning related to a subarachnoid hemorrhage (bleeding in the brain), a brain aneurysm (swelling blood vessels), or a blood clot in the brain. Other issues may relate to pituitary apoplexy (a burst pituitary gland), a stroke, or meningitis. Since some of these conditions can result in death within hours, it is crucial to seek medical attention as soon as possible.

Symptoms

Thunderclap headaches are dramatic and don’t come with any early warning signs. The feeling of experiencing the headache is much like a sudden kick to the head which results in crippling pain. Beside the crippling head pain, other symptoms associated with this condition include vision problems, vomiting and nausea. In the most serious cases, such as those related to bleeding in the brain, the patient is certain to fall unconscious with a short period. The pain can last for 60 minutes to seven to 10 days. The most noticeable pain starts to recede within minutes, but this can often give a false belief that the thunderclap headache is improving on its own.

Treatment

Treatment given for the thunderclap headache depends on the results of the doctors check-up. The areas of greatest concern like swollen or burst blood vessels in the brain or thyroid glands are checked as a matter of urgency. It is also crucial to check for blood clots in the brain. A patient receives a MRI or CAT scan to help diagnosis the condition. If the imaging equipment detects one of the serious conditions, the patient is certain to receive immediate surgery to treat the bleeding.

If a scan is inconclusive, the patient is likely to receive a lumbar puncture or spinal tap to look at the spinal fluid. The cerebrospinal fluid can give more information on internal bleeding or reveal signs of the infection. Pain medication is given to help relieve the pain of the more persistent headache. When other symptoms are noticed like strange red marks, a stiff neck or high fever, this is often related to an outbreak of meningitis.

Antibody Therapy For Prostate Cancer

Scientists in the US led by Dr. Mark Greene of the University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine has developed a monoclonal antibody that they hope will become a successful pharmaceutical agent against prostate cancer. Every year thousands of men die from aggressive forms of this disease. This research holds out hope for those affected although it will be some time before clinical trials will be carried out.

When we become infected by foreign cells such as bacteria or viruses or cancer cells one very important means of defense that we can utilize is to produce antibodies. All cells have proteins on their surfaces known as antigens. When foreign cells enter our bodies the antigens are recognized as foreign by our immune system and B Lymphocytes are prompted to produce antibodies. Once antibodies are formed they act by attaching and binding to the antigens on the surface of the invading cell. This absolutely leads to the destruction of the cell and the removal of the infection or cancer cells. Antibodies are a very powerful weapon in our fight against disease.

There are two significant characteristics of antibodies that we can exploit in the treatment of disease. One is that antibodies are totally specific. For example if we contract an infection such as rubella we will produce an antibody specifically targeted to the rubella virus. The second character is that antibodies remain in our bodies after an infection has been cleared thereby conferring protection into the future against that disease.

It is these characteristics that have led to the development of vaccine technology. Pharmaceutical companies take pathological organizations and treat them so that they can not cause infection. These inactive organisms make up the main component of a vaccine. When a vaccine is administered our immune system recognizes the antigen, antibody is produced and we become immune to future infection.

The cells which produce antibodies are B lymphocytes, which are white blood cells. Scientists can isolate and clone B lymphocytes to produce antibodies in laboratory conditions. These antibodies can then be used to treat infection or cancer. The antibodies produced will be either polyclonal or monoclonal. Polyclonal antibodies are produced from several cell lines. Monoclonal antibodies are produced from just one cell line. To produce a monoclonal antibody a B Lymphocyte is fused with a tumor cell. The fused cell is known as a hybridoma and it has the capability of reproducing endlessly. This technology allows scientists to create unlimited and large quantities of very specific antibody which can be used to treat disease very effectively. One of the major advantages of the use of monoclonal antibodies is its absolute specificity. It targets a cancer cell directly with with very few side effects for the patient.

Antibodies are already being used to tackle diseases such as lymphoma and breast cancer. Up to now there has been no successful antibody therapy for prostate cancer. Dr Greenes research team has produced an antibody called F77 which looks very promising. Despite the research being at a very early stage, it raises the prospect of an effective treatment for advanced prostate cancer for the first time.

Complications That Arise From Untreated Strep Throat

When you get a sore throat, besides feeling miserable you may not do anything. However, just to warn you, it may be strep throat, which should not be taken lightly. There are several complications that can arise from untreated strep throat. Some of them include coronary heart disease, rheumatic fever and kidney problems.

Thanks to the invention of antibiotics, strep throat is no longer fatal as it was decades ago. Antibiotics allow strep throat to be treated so that complications do not arise. But many people fear use of antibiotics. Untreated strep throat can lead to scarlet fever or tonsillitis.

Many people who do not treat strep throat risk ear infections, sinusitis, mastoiditis (infection of the mastoid process, a part of the skull behind the ear, glomerulonephritis (infection of the blood vessels in the kidneys) and peritonsillar abscess (collection of pus near Egypt along the tonsils).

Remember, strep throat is contagious and if someone in the family has it, the chances of other family members getting the infection are very high. Strep throat is spread through close contact, sneezing and coughing.

You certainly will not be happy with a strep throat considering that you will be suffering from swollen lymph nodes, swollen and painful tonsil, cough and fever. Strep throat is often mistaken for a sore throat but you should leave the diagnosis to a qualified doctor. Rather than bear the discomfort and risk complications, it is best to visit a doctor and get proper treatment for this bacterial infection.

What Causes My Red Face?

There are many things that can cause a face to become red temporarily, such as consumption of alcohol or spicy food, being embarrassed in social situations or having a sensitivity to niacin or mono-sodium glutamate (MSG). However, there are many conditions that can be the cause of more chronic facial redness. This article describes a few of them.

  1. Cushing's Syndrome Cushing's syndrome is a hormone disorder that is caused by the exposure of the body to too much cortisol (a stress hormone). Cushing's syndrome is reliably rare, and in addition to redness of the face, including the following symptoms: high blood pressure, high blood glucose levels, fatigue, irritability, depression and anxiety. Women with Cushing's syndrome often show signs of increased hair growth on the face, neck, abdomen, chest and thighs.
  2. Lupus (SLE, Systemic Lupus Erythematosus) Lupus is an autoimmune disease affecting multiple organs and tissues, including the skin, heart, kidneys, liver, lungs, joints, brain and blood. The facial redness that is sometimes associated with lupus is a rash across the cheeks and nose. The facial redness with lupus exists in a butterfly pattern (butterfly rash) and does not involve the forehead. Lupus patients can also have skin rashes on other parts of their body, which often develop or get worse after sun exposure. Lupus is frequently diagnosed by antibody testing.
  3. Rosacea The facial redness of rosacea involves the cheeks, nose and the forehead and develops gradually. It starts out as a redness of the face that resembles facial flushing that does not go away and in many cases looks like sunburn. However, while the initial facial redness may vary from day to day, rosacea symptoms progressively get worse: in addition to the initial facial redness, small papules and pustules appear on the face, which may burst and ooze. The face often feels itchy and painful. In progressive rosacea, capillaries become permanently widened (telangiectasias). These telangiectasias do not respond well to topical treatments and cause the face to have a "residual" redness. Telangiectasias can be effectively treated with intense pulsed light.
  4. Scarlet fever Scarlet fever is caused by an exotoxin from the bacterium Streptococcus pyogenes . Clinical signs include a high fever and a sore throat followed by a rough (sandwich-like) rash over the body lasting for 3-4 days. The skin will start to peel after the rash is gone. Other classic signs of scarlet fever are a bright red tongue with a strawberry appearance and a facial redness on the cheeks (the nose and areas surrounding the mouth are usually not red).
  5. Rubella Rubella (also called German measles) is a disease caused by the rubella virus. It has an incubation period of 2-3 weeks and symptoms are a rash that first develops on the face, which spreads to the trunk, arms and legs. Complications due to rubella are rare, but rubella can cause complications during pregnancy if the infection occurs within the first 20 weeks of pregnancy.

Autism – Genetic and Environmental Causes

Autism causes are a complex mix of genetic and environmental factors that researchers have yet to fully understand. Studies of identical and unique twins reveal that genetics play an important role in autism.

A Brief Description of Autism

Defining autism is difficult, as the disorder covers a wide range of symptoms and severity can range from mild to debilitating. A neurological disorder, it causes injury in social interaction and communication. A person with autism may have restricted interests or engage in abnormal, repetitive behavior. Depending on the severity of symptoms, it causes mild to debilitating impairment.

Autism is part of a group of related disorders collectively called autism spectrum disorders (ASDs). The autism spectrum, as its name implies, describes a range of symptoms, rather than specific problems. Other ASDs include Asperger's syndrome, Retts syndrome and childhood disintegrative disorder, as well as pervasive developmental disorder, not otherwise specified.

Genetic Autism Causes

Most cases have no known cause, but the tendency for disorders of the autism spectrum to run in families suggests a genetic component. Families with one autistic child have a 3 to 8 percent chance that their other children will be autistic.

Twin studies demonstrate the importance of genetics in establishing causes. If one identical twin has autism, studies reveal a 30 percent chance that the other twin is also autistic.

In addition to twin studies, autism research reveals that families of autistic children have a much higher rate of communication defects, impaired social skills or restricted interests, all of which are hallmarks of classic autism and fall within the autism spectrum.

Despite the strong evidence for genetic causes, parents of autistic children are rarely autistic themselves, although they may display personality traits suggestive of autism. Genetics alone, then, does not need account for autism.

Environmental Catalysts and Autism Genetics

Many researchers believe that the potential for autism lies in genetics, but environmental factors are required to "trigger" the disease. Over time, a number of environmental causes have been identified that may act as catalysts for autism, including:

  • bacterial meningitis
  • cytomegalovirus
  • developmental brain disorders
  • fragile X syndrome
  • lead encephalopathy
  • rubella
  • some metabolic disorders
  • toxoplasmosis
  • tuberous sclerosis.

These disorders are not considered definitive causes. Most children who experience these conditions do not develop autism. However these conditions may interact with existing genetic factors, resulting in autism.

Vaccination and Disproven Autism Causes

Some suggested causes have proven false. The early theory that a distant or uncaring mother causes autism has long been disproven.

More recently, an argument was made that the mercury conservative used in vaccinations caused autism. Despite significant research, no link between infection and autism has ever been found.

Genetics, Autism and the Future

Most researchers doubt that causes can be traced to a single gene. Instead, they believe that a number of different genes contribute to the development of autism. Some autism experts have even speculated that in the future, what we now label autism will be recognized as a group of similar, but separate diseases.

It may take years to unravel the roles genetics and environment play in autism, but the goal is attainable. Understanding autism causes will help the search for effective treatments and better therapies for autism.

Resources

Ellis, C., & Hale, K. (nd). Autism causes. Retrieved November 12, 2008, from the eMedicine Health Web site: [http://www.emedicinehealth.com/autism/page2_em.htm#Autism%20Causes].

Exploring Autism. (2002). Frequently asked questions. Retrieved December 12, 2008, from the Exploring Autism Web site: http://www.exploringautism.org/faq.htm .

National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke. (April, 2006). Autism fact sheet. Retrieved December 14, 2008, from the National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke Web site: http://www.ninds.nih.gov/disorders/autism/detail_autism.htm .

Commonly Suggested Ear Ache Remedies

A viral or bacterial infection of the middle ear is called Acute Otitis Media. It usually results from a complication of an allergy or common cold. This type of infection is more frequent in children. However, symptoms as well as treatments are basically the same for older children and adults.

With Acute Otitis Media, your ear will feel painful while showcasing a red and bulging eardrum. Depending on the gravity, most people heal from this infection without the need for antibiotics or treatment. However, since ENT doctors cannot predict whose infection will heal on their own, ENT doctors still prescribe antibiotics like Amoxicillin to all its patients, especially the ones who experiences it severely or if the symptoms have not subsided after 72 hrs.

Since pain relief is vital, most doctors also prescribe pain relievers like Ibuprofen and Acetaminophen like Tylenol. However, if there is persistent or severe pain accompanied by fever and bulging of the eardrum, Myringotomy should be performed by the ENT specialist.

The ENT specialist will create an opening onto the ear drum to drain the fluid from the Otitis Media or middle ear. This opening will just heal in time; no treatment is necessary. Thus, the procedure will not affect one’s hearing. Thus, for those who frequently experience Acute Otitis Media, ENT doctors will suggest to have your Tympanostomy or drainage tubes placed inside your eardrums.

These days, more and more people are becoming practical and self-reliant. Although it is a general rule not to self medicate, especially with kids, there are those who still prefer conventional ways of curing themselves.

Here are some of the most common ear ache remedies:

Herbal Drops

These drops have various oils, specifically garlic oil. Garlic is known as a natural antibiotic which means, it possesses antibacterial properties. Initially, you need to warm up the bottle in a hot water cup and then put 3 droplets into the infected ear. You can use a hairdryer for about 3 minutes on low setting. Then, use a hot folded wash cloth that is placed inside a zip-locked bag. You need to do this about 3x up to 4x a day.

Heating Pad

Place a heating pad under a pillowcase. You can lie on it and take a nap or sleep for a while.

Tiger Balm

Carefully put some Tiger Balm along the outer portion of the aching ear canal. Put some balm even up to the neck beneath the aching ear. You can also put a moist and warm compress on the aching ear and go for a short sleep.

Peroxide and Alcohol

Using a small cap, mix about 50% Peroxide and 50% Alcohol. Then, drop it onto the aching ear. You will see some bubbles. When it stops bubbling, turn over and allow draining. You can repeat the procedure as you deem necessary. This will not only warm-up the ear, it will also kill the bacteria.

Cotton Wool Bud and Olive Oil

Dip about half of a cotton wool bud in warm water and olive oil. Gently put the bud inside the aching ear and let it stay for a while. After a few seconds, take it out.

Potato Steam

Cut a potato into two parts. Heat ½ of the potato inside a microwave until it becomes very hot. Place the hot potato on a wash cloth and allow the steam to flow to the infected ear’s canals. Let the steam flow until the potato becomes cold.

Salt in a Sock

Place a frying pan over low heat and pour some salt into the pan. Then, place your heated salt inside a clean sock, Place the sock on your aching ear. You will feel relief in a few minutes.

Alcohol

Put some alcohol in a cup and heat it inside a microwave for about 5 seconds. Allow cooling for a few seconds and gently pour a few drops into the aching ear.

Blow Dryer

Gently blow through your nose while you hold your nostrils shut. Using a blow dryer, put in on low setting and point it into your aching ear from a distance.

Alcohol and White Vinegar

Apply a few drops of Alcohol onto the aching ear. Then, apply a few drops of white vinegar before lying down, for about 10 minutes. Your aching side should be the upper part. After a few minutes, urn so that your aching side will face down and will lie onto a hot damp towel. Wait until the towel cools down, reheat it and repeat the procedure for about 4x.

How Digital Imaging Upgraded X-Ray Imaging?

It was in the 1980s when digital imaging techniques got introduced to x-ray and analog to digital converters got introduced to conventional fluoroscopic image intensifiers. X-ray has seen resurgence and enhancement in itself ever since digital imaging has come into force. The digital x-ray images now come out sharper as well as clear as compared to the images produced in the analog form.

With the advent of digital technology, numerous fluoroscopic x-ray procedures have seen significant improvements in them. Digital technology has also shown its impact on angiographic procedures for having a look at blood vessels in kidneys, brain, legs, arms and heart.

According to the belief of experts, conventional x-ray techniques may also get upgraded to digital technology in the coming 10-15 years. In fact, film screen systems are also expected to go digital in this time period.

At present, a technology dubbed phosphor plate is available online. These help ensnare the x-ray energy and need an intermediate processing step so that the stored information could have been released to turn into a digital image.

How digital technology proves its worth to different kinds of x-ray systems?

Just akin to film, x-rays with lower dose may help in achieving a high quality x-ray image. Once these images are produced, computers can be easily used to manipulate or improve these pictures. Beside, these images can be sent to other workplaces or computer monitors through a network. Since, the same helps people when it comes to sharing the retrieved information or diagnosing different medical conditions.

Compact optical disks help doctors archive the digital images. They may also use digital tape drives which help them save hugely on storage space. This also aids in saving on manpower required for a conventional x-ray film library.

An electronic archive may be brought into use when it comes to retrieving digital images for some future reference.

Further, there are a few modalities which can show less acute diseases such as small breast cancers or calcifications only when they have a significant high resolution film. However, these are not into the picture as yet.

But, such digital detectors with such high definition are being developed and it is expected that these will be available in near future. For now, digital imaging is being used in an equivalent manner as a high resolution film would be used, be it in the field of breast biopsy systems or in breast imaging.

Respiratory Infection

Measles is a respiratory infection that is caused by a virus called paramyxovirus. This disease is spread by respiration or contact with fluids from an infected person. This is through droplet transmission from the nose mouth, or throat by sneezing or coughing. Person infected with this disease is said to be highly contagious for four days. The virus stays airborne for up to 2 hours after the infected person has left the room. The immunity of the person infected with this disease is said to be lifetime. It is a rare condition in which an infected person will be infected twice by rubeola.

Rubeola or measles often attack children which are less than a year old or those who have not completed their vaccination. For pregnant women, acquiring this disease may cause stillbirth, miscarriage or preterm delivery. Typically, measles starts with red eyes, cough, runny nose and fever. After two to three days, red spots called koplik's spot appears within the mouth. Symptoms are usually evident after10-12 days after exposing itself to the virus. Rashes show between five to seven days after the initial symptoms. Rashes start at the hairline that gradually spreads to the body including the feet and the hands. There is fine flaking or desquamation on the skin when rashes start to fade on the infected body.

There are several complications that can be associated with measures. These are pneumonia, ear infections and diarrhea. It can also include encephalitis which can cause mental retardation, convulsion and death, persistent brain inflammation and blindness. Blindness is said to be due to measures and poor nutrition at the same time. Encephalitis as a complication to measles is said to be dangerous that may result to death. Encephalitis usually starts six days after rashes appears and includes fever, drowsiness, headache, seizures, and vomiting.

Clinical method is often used to diagnose measles. Appearance and history of the patients concludes the diagnosis of the patient. The appearance of koplik's spot often helps in diagnosing the said condition. Blood test is also recommended to confirm measles because it can be misdiagnosed as rubella, Kawasaki disease, roseola, mountain spotted fever, drug rash or dengue. It is important to ask help from medical practitioner for correct diagnosis.

Treatment For measles focuses on the relief of the symptoms it has. It is best to isolate the infected person to prevent spread of the disease. Bed rest is also recommended until fever is gone and patient should be hydrated. Sometimes vitamin A supplementation is also advised. The best way to prevent measles is through measles immunization. It is a vaccine that includes immunization for mumps, measles, rubella and varicella and is given to kid not older that 12 years of age.

There are also people who are not to receive measles vaccine. These are people who have allergic reaction to measles vaccines and its components, pregnant women, HIV patients and cancer patients. Re vaccination is also required to people who are vaccinated for the first time at the age of 1yr or less. People vaccinated with KMV should also be vaccinated again.

When there are sign and symptoms of measles, it is best to consult a doctor to properly diagnose the disease and to prevent it from spreading and affecting other people.

6 Tips For The Diabetic Foot

Diabetics can be at serious risk with their feet if they are not looked after and inspected regularly.

This is because diabetes affects the nerve endings particularly in extremities such as the feet causing a loss of sensation in the area.

Essentially this means that they will be unable to feel any cracks, blisters or wounds that develop which may lead to more serious infections occurring, such as gangrene and ulcers.

Listed below are 6 diabetic foot care tips that you should know to reduce the risk of complications occurring:

1) Choosing Socks

For all intents and purposes these look like regular ordinary socks but diabetic socks are specifically designed to prevent moisture and the buildup of microorganisms that can lead to infections.

They are likely to be more comfortable as the materials used will be a combination of synthetic and natural fibers such as nylon, cotton and elasticated fibers which will provide cushioning as well as keeping the foot dry and cool. They are also likely to be seamless and crinkle proof so as not to cause blisters.

The neck of the sock will be wider and less elasticated so as not to restrict blood circulation to the foot and toes which is also good for people suffering with oedema.

The main factors in choosing a diabetic sock will be the comfort and protection. They should fit comfortably and not be too tight in the toe-box area or be tight to put on and take off around the heel and ankle. It is also a good idea to wear white socks as opposed to colored socks because blood and plasma leakage will be easier to detect.

2) Treating Fungal Nails

Diabetics are at more risk of contracting a mycotic infection (onychomycosis) of the nails which is a fungal infection characterized by discolored, thickened and / or split toenails which need to be treated generally with topical over-the-counter medications. They are more at risk from these kind of infections because the reduced circulation in the foot leads to a reduced immune response to infections.

3) Athletes Foot

It is equally important to prevent the foot from becoming infected with athlete's foot, medically known as tinea pedis. Use a separate foot towel just for the feet and relieve any symptoms of itching and burning with an over-the-counter medication in powder, cream or spray form. Always seek advice from your doctor or podiatrist if symptoms persist as a gain the condition can deteriorate into something more serious.

4) Foot Creams

It is important for diabetics to regularly use a foot cream after bathing the foot. Make sure the web spaces between the toes are clean and dry to avoid and athletes foot infection, although it is not recommended to put the cream between the toes because it may encourage a fungal infection to take hold especially if the feet are not washed every day .

Patients also suffered generally with dry skin on the feet due to the damaged nerves causing problems with the sweat glands. It is therefore a good idea to use a foot cream that has a high urea content as this will replenish the skin and allow it to expand and contract if there is any swilling without splitting. Natural aromatherapy type oils can also be used.

5) Choosing Shoes

Shoes are also a consideration has again like socks that need to be specifically fitted with a wider and higher toe box area with removable insoles that can be replaced with of over the counter orthotics or a custom orthotic from your podiatrist. Again this is to reduce the risk of pressure areas forming on the foot and causing calls and blisters.

If you are suffering with excessive callous best way is to have this removed professionally by your podiatrist. If it is only a minor buildup you could use pumice stone or gentle foot file to smooth the hardened layers of skin, but do this when the foot is dry.

6) Get A Foot Assessment / Examination

Visit your doctor or chiropodist / podiatrist and get a full diabetic foot assessment. This will involve taking your pulses with a Doppler machine, checking for neuropathy (sensation) using tip therm, tuning fork and / or monofilament test and possibly an ankle brachial blood pressure test. These will help your physician to assess the level of your risk from diabetes and offer a course of action.

Remember the best way to manage your diabetic foot is to check them over daily and catch any problems early. Diabetes does not have to mean stopping the things you love to do, it just means being more aware of the condition, especially when it comes to your feet!

Levels Of Hearing Loss

Experaining hearing loss can often cause patients stress and concern and it is prudent to get as much information as possible. We advise anyone suffering from the loss of hearing, however minor, to seek professional help as soon as possible. With the correct diagnosis and treatment many people can proactively deal with their hearing loss with the use of hearing aids.

Hearing loss & deafness covers a wide range of hearing difficulties and a patient is often confused about the state of their condition. As a result many people buy inappropriate aids to meet their individual needs, especially if purchased without a professional assessment.

Generally hearing loss can be categorized into 4 '' types '' Mild, Moderate, Severe and Profound.

Mild – Patients with Mild hearing loss have difficulty hearing sound between 20-39 decibels. This condition often leads to difficulty hearing a television & radio at normal levels as well as conducting conversations over distances. Ambient noise can also increase the effects of this hearing loss.

Moderate – Patients with Moderate hearing loss have difficulty hearing sound between 40-69 decibels. Moderate hearing loss would result in an increased level of symptoms as displayed with mild hearing loss.

Severe – Patients with Severe hearing loss have difficulty hearing sound between 70-89 decibels. Those suffering from severe hearing loss may only be able to communicate if the speaker is in close proximity with increased volume, without the interference of ambient noise.

Profound – Profound hearing loss / deafness means patients can not hear up to 90 decibels. This is the most severe form of hearing loss making speech inaudible with patients becoming reliant on visual communication.

Common Hepatitis Symptoms

There are three types of hepatitis and they will all produce the same types of symptoms in various degrees. Hepatitis affects the liver and it is very important to recognize the symptoms.

Think about the last time you had the flu. In the very beginning you probably started off just feeling plain tired. So you figure you just have not been getting enough sleep. Then the next thing that hits you is you just do not feel like eating. You end up forcing yourself then you start to feel nauseated which then quite possibly leads to vomiting. Finally you realize that you have a bad case of the flu. Be aware that these are also the symptoms of hepatitis and you could easily overlook getting medical help because you think its the flu.

These symptoms do not go away when you are suffering from hepatitis. In addition to this you could develop loose bowel movements. You probably expected this because of all the stomach cramps you've been getting. You continue on with what you have classed as the flu but after several days it just does not seem to be going away. You still have no appetite or energy. You look in the mirror and notice you skin looks to have a yellow tinge to it. When you closer even the whites of your eyes appear yellow. Now you are getting a little concerned. Oh yeah you also noticed that your urine was a very deep yellow as well, yet you have been drinking lots of fluids. In addition to this your skin has been somewhat itchy.

So put all these symptoms together and take a close look at them. Flu like symptoms such as no appetite with nausea or even vomiting. No energy, loose bowel movements and occasional stomach cramps. Yellow skin and dark yellow urine, and itchy skin. These are all classic signs of any one of the strains of Hepatitis. It does not mean that you will experience every one of the symptoms but you must be aware of any of these symptoms or a combination of them that last for any period of time requires medical attention.