Levels of Skin Burns

While you may not consider skin in the same category as the heart, lungs, kidneys, and other organs, the skin is actually the largest organ of the body. It serves many purposes: protects the internal organs, acts as a barrier against viruses and bacteria, regulates our body temperature, and allows our cells to "breathe." Therefore, when the skin suffers an injury such as a burn, it can cause sever damages.

Your skin can become burned in different ways, not just by exposure to fire. Beside heat and flame, your skin can be injured with corrosive liquids such as chlorine and other chemicals, electricity, ultraviolet rays, steam, hot liquids, radiation, friction, and even wind. Depending on the source of the injury, doctors may choose to treat your burns in different ways. Additionally, one important thing to look at in the treatment and care of burns is the level of the injury.

Skin burns are divided into three different levels: first degree, second degree, and third degree. First degree burns are the most minor, affecting only the outer layer of the skin. They typically cause redness, swelling, and pain. In most cases, sunburn is only a first degree burn. You may experience tenderness and tightness of your skin, and it may seem to radiate heat.

Most first degree burns are treatable at home. If you are burned by a single thing, like a touch of the hot stove, you should run the burn under cool water. You can take aspirin to reduce the pain, and you may want to rub on burn ointment or aloe vera to soothe your skin. Avoid butter and antiseptic creams like Neosporin because they can make your burn worse.

Next, second degree burns are worse than first degree. These burns reach through the first layer of skin and also affect the underlay layer. Like first degree burns, they can cause pain, redness, and swelling, but the other identifying characteristic of second degree burns is that they can blister. In this case, do not peel off deadened skin or break the blister, as bacteria can get in the wound and cause serious infections.

This level of burns may require medical attention. However, there are things that you can do at home to help reduce your pain. Keep your scald in cold water for at least five minutes, then you can use a plastic-wrapped cold compress to cool the skin as well. Do not let cloth adhere to your wound, as it can peel off your skin when removed.

Third degree burns are the worst. They penetrate all layers of the skin, which can turn your skin black or white and cause numbness. These burns can be deadly and require immediate medical attention.

Burns can permanent damage your skin and the undering tissue. If you have been burned due to another person's reckless actions, he or she should be held liable for the negligence. To help you get the financial compensation that you deserve, talk to the experienced accident attorneys from Friedman & Bonebrake, PC ., Today.

Stroke Rehab

In the US around 70,000 people suffer a Stroke each year. Rehab is crucial to help the victims of Strokes cope with the effects of a Stroke and recover to a normal and healthy life.

How well a patient recovers from a Stroke depends on many factors. Minimizing brain damage during the Stroke will make Rehab faster and more effective. Rehab can not cure the Stroke but can help in long-term recovery of the aftereffects of brain damage.

The first step would be to diagnose a Stroke. A number of tests may be done on the patient to diagnose the type of Stroke so that the professionals can determine a treatment and rehab plan. This includes blood pressure, blood sampling, X-ray, ECG, Echocardiogram, brain scans such as MRI and CT scans, and Carotid Ultrasound scanning.

After the diagnosis the medical treatment begins. During a Stroke brain tissue is damaged by blood clots (ischemic stroke) and / or internal bleeding (hemorrhagic stroke). Various drug treatments must be started immediately to treat this condition. If used soon enough, they can help prevent damage to the brain.

These include-Anti-platelet drugs, such as aspirin, to prevent clotting, anti-coagulant drugs, cholesterol lowering drugs, and antihypertensive drugs. Some patients may go in for surgical procedures like stenting to clear the clogs and reduce the intensity of the Stroke.

Rehabilitation therapy begins in the emergency care hospital within 24-48 hours after the Stroke, once the patient has stabilized. Rehabilitation of Stroke victims is a difficult and time-consuming task. It helps the Stroke survivors to relearn skills that are lost by brain damage during the Stroke.

It also teaches new skills to make up for any disabilities and to practice and relearn communication, memory, and voluntary and physical skills. Commonly people have a surge of recovery in the weeks following the Stroke, followed by a slower recovery in the next year or so.

Stroke can cause five types of disabilities: Paralysis, problems controlling movement, sensory disorders including pain, problems using or understanding language, and emotional distortions.

Paralysis is the most common result of Stroke. It causes problems of movement, posture and swallowing. Left-brain damage causes right-limb paralysis. Stroke victims may also experience sensory problems like pain, numbness and loss of feeling. Some may have aphasia, problems using or understanding language. People with Global aphasia may lose all their linguistic abilities.

Stroke can also cause damage to the parts of the brain related to memory, learning and awareness. Some also experience some emotional trauma involving fear, anxiety, frustration and suicidal thoughts.

During the Rehabilitation process, doctors are responsible for the long-term care of the Stroke survivors, including neurologists who look after acute care and physiatrists who look after the Rehab program. Physical therapists help patients with mobility issues like walking, climbing stairs and maintaining balance. Occupational therapists teach them daily living activities like feeding, grooming and using the toilet. Speech therapists help with language skills and swallowing problems. Rehab nurses care for the patient and educate the family concerning how to care for them. Social workers help Stroke survivors and their families with counseling and community resources.

Stroke is a serious disease, rendering the survivor in a weak and deficient position. The need for aftercare and Rehab is high, as the aftereffects of a Stroke are numerous and interfere with normal life function in an unmanageable way. It is only with the help of this team of doctors, nurses and therapists that the patient can be rehabilitated.

Glaucoma and the Optic Nerve

Glaucoma is a disease involving the optic nerve that affects the loss of retinal ganglion cells. If glaucoma is left untreated it will eventually lead to permanent damage of the optic nerve and then blindness. Glaucoma is caused most commonly by intraocular pressure on the nerves in the eye. A damaged visual field can never be fixed or recaptured. Glaucoma is a tricky disease because its progress is so slow. It can gradually wear down one's eyesight without the person noticing much of a difference and once the disease is detected; there is not much a doctor can do to prevent it from getting worse, because it was detected at such a late stage.

People with ocular pressure, diabetes, and African American decent are three times more likely than others to develop Glaucoma. People that have a family history of Glaucoma have a six percent chance to develop the disease than people without a family history of it. The use of steroids has also been linked to the development of Glaucoma. Studies have also shown, in rare cases, that Glaucoma could have been linked to hypertension (high blood pressure).

Glaucoma is usually diagnosed after a routine eye examination with an optometrist or ophthalmologist. The doctor will test the eye for changes in intraocular pressure, changes in the size or shape of the eye and an examination of the optic nerve. Glaucoma could also be examined by looking at the patient's background; their sex, race, history of drug use, refraction, inheritance and family history. The majority of treatments for Glaucoma is the continued use of eye drops to help lower the level of intraocular pressure.

There is yet to be a cure for Glaucoma but surgery is one way to treat the disease. The surgery will help to lower intraocular pressure by allowing fluid to leave the eye after a hole has been opened up in the meshwork. Surgery can be performed with a laser or conventionally. A patient could also undergo a canaloplasty. A canaloplasty is when the Schlemm Canal is opened, allowing fluids to flow freely, extremely lowerening the pressure of the eye. Glaucoma patients that do not respond to these normal treatments could look into Glaucoma drainage implants. This is the final option for patients if the eye does not respond to any other treatment. A flow tube is inserted in the eye to allow for fluid to flow out of the eye, thus lowering the intraocular pressure.

There are a handful of different stages of Glaucoma. They are primary, developmental, secondary and absolute Glaucoma. All of these stages develop over time and can ever lead to blindness if the disease is not treated properly. Not all people with elevated pressure in the eye develop Glaucoma. Some patients of Glaucoma have developed the disease without elevated pressure in the eye. This could just be from their family history. In fact, the most common type of glaucoma disease is hereditary. Everyone is at risk for the disease and in most cases there are little to no symptoms.

Cancer – When Medical Treatments Did Not Cure Anything

Cancer is a serious illness. It is also a “misrepresented and misunderstood” illness. Patients go to their doctors hoping to be cured of their cancers. Often, they failed to find that elusive cure. My experience showed me that those patients who have cancer for the first time and who have no relatives or friends with cancer before, have the misconceived notion that medical science can cure cancer. They would say: “What is the problem, with my money and the best doctors, the best hospitals and the best chemo-drugs, the problem can be easily fixed.”

For more than twelve years now, I have been involved with terminally ill cancer patients who come to seek my help after medical science have failed them. It is very frustrating to know that patients are just naïve. They went to their doctors with total belief and expectation that their cancer can be cured. They do not seem to understand that the responsibility to get well and to maintain their own health is with them, not the doctors. They prefer to leave everything to the so-called “experts.” The story below is one example of what I often encounter.

In March 2007, I received a phone call from a long-lost friend. He wanted me to help his wife, Betty (not real name) who had just been diagnosed with brain cancer. As I went through his wife’s medical history, it turned out to be more than a “sudden” diagnosis of brain cancer.

In 2001, when Betty was forty-five years old, she underwent a total hysterectomy due to a 20 x 22 cm left ovarian tumour. The surgeon did not recommend any follow up treatment after the surgery. The impression Betty had was that: “Everything is taken out and it is all clean.”

Everything seemed to be alright for Betty after this surgery. She did not go further than that and like most people, she was satisfied that she was well taken of. The surgery was the “proven” answer to her problem.

In early 2004, Betty had difficulty moving her bowels. A big tumour was found in her colon and she underwent a surgery to remove it. The histopathology report dated 27 April 2004 indicated that her colon was distended up to the terminal ileum. The splenic flexure showed a tight stricture resulting in a blind loop gut. Betty was eventually diagnosed with a moderately differentiated adenocarcinoma of the colon, stage B. Since no lymph nodes were involved, the surgeon did not see any need to give her any follow up treatment. Betty was again given the impression that everything was well taken of.

Three years later, in March 2007, Betty had headaches and lost her balance when walking. She also vomited. MRI of Betty’s brain on 26 March 2007, showed the presence of “an irregular 3.2 x 3.0 x 1.8 cm loculated enhancing lesion in the left cerebellum. There was associated surrounding edema with compression of the midline structures.” Doctors advised immediate surgery. The surgeon impressed upon the husband that without immediate surgery Betty’s cancer would spread like wild fire.

Betty’s husband came to seek my advice. I cautioned that resection of the tumour from the brain might not solve her problem. It could worsen the situation. Most probably the tumour would recur and often very soon too. In addition, a CT scan showed that there was a 3 x 3.8 cm mass at the base of Betty’s right lung. There was also a 5 mm hypodense nodule in segment 4 of her liver. Betty also had gallstone. So to say that the cancer can spread fast is ill founded – for the cancer had already spread to her lung and liver.

Based on the “fear” expounded by the doctors, Betty underwent surgery. Histopathology report dated 2 April 2007 confirmed “tubulovillous adenocarcinoma metastatic to the brain, consistent with primary in the colon.”

After surgery, Betty was asked to undergo chemotherapy and radiotherapy. Betty was told that if she did not go for chemotherapy she would have only six months to live. With chemotherapy and radiotherapy Betty could expect to live for another two to three years. She would need six to eight cycles of chemotherapy, at about RM 2,000 per cycle. Since Betty was told that her cancer could not be cured, she declined further medical treatment.

Betty was started on herbs on 8 April 2007. After the surgery, she appeared normal and was able to eat well. However, her husband noticed the change of mood in her. She had bad temper, often had mood swings and did not want to socialize. She seemed to have memory loss. In short, Betty after surgery was not like the Betty before the surgery.

Barely two months later, Betty felt dizzy and nauseaous again – the very symptoms she had before being diagnosed with brain tumour. She would vomit even with the slightest smell of herbs. MRI of the brain on 11 June 2007, showed the presence of a “large irregular 3 x 4 cm mass in the left cerebellum. A similar 1.5 x 1.5 cm area was seen in the left temporal lobe. Surrounding edema was noted. The 4th ventricle was slightly compressed.” The radiologist concluded: “Left temporal and cerebellar metastasis.”

Betty remained at home under hospice care. She vomited everything that was put into her mouth. She felt dizzy with the slightest of movement and she was not able to move her bowels. Unfortunately, there was nothing much that could be done.

Boost Your Immune System This Flu Season

With the flu season upon us, all of us should take steps to get our immune systems ready to fend off germs. Boosting your immune system is a very good idea if you want to stay cold- and flu-free. Let's start with the very basics: good sleep, balanced diet, physical activity, and avoidance of tobacco smoke.

1. Good sleep

Why do we sleep? During sleep, our bodies rest and rejuvenate. Getting adequate amounts of sleep every night may even boost the immune system. According to a study reported in the Journal of Psychosomatic Medicine (2003), people who were vaccinated against Hepatitis A and got a good night's sleep afterwards had almost 2 times the level of antibodies than the group of vaccinated people who did not sleep after the vaccination . The moral here is that sleep is important to keep your immune system in shape, so get at least 8 hours of sleep every night. School-age children and adolescents need at least 10 hours of sleep, so do not let your children convince you otherwise. Remember, there is always "tomorrow" if it comes to playing computer games or watching movies!

2. Balanced diet

Eating three meals a day, and nutritious snacks in between, will help your immune system work efficiently. By eating healthy, you provide your immune system as well as the rest of your body with all the necessary nutrients for optimal functioning. When your body is well nourished, it can fight off infections better. Therefore, fill your plate with fruits, vegetables, and lean meats or fish. Also, do not forget about 3 servings of dairy products to keep your teeth and bones strong! Good hydration is also very important, so have at least 5 glasses of water a day in addition to the other fluids that you usually drink.

3. Physical activity

Moderate physical activity improves the efficiency with which our immune systems fight viral and bacterial infections. Despite the efficiency of the immune system increments while exercising, when the exercising session is over, the efficiency reduces to baseline within a few hours. However, if you exercise regularly you may prolong this beneficial boost in the function of your immune system. The American Heart Association and the American College of Sports Medicine issued new guidelines for physical activity for adults. Detailed guidelines are available at americanheaart.org/fitness. The recommendation stresses the importance of moderate physical activity for 30 minutes, 5 days a week, or vital physical activity three times per week. According to the guidelines, short bouts of activity can be combined to meet the 30-minute-a-day goal, so get off the couch and engage in an immune booster activity!

4. Avoidance of tobacco smoke

Did you know that exposure to cigarette smoke not only gives us wrinkles but also decrees levels of vitamin C in our bodies? This possibly lowers the efficiency of the immune system leaving us prone to catching colds and other infections. In addition, inhaled cigarette smoke damages cilia, tiny hairs that line up the respiratory system. Their function is to continue beat in one direction and move secrets from places where they are not suppose to stay for too long. When they get destroyed and mucus (produced during viral illnesses such as colds or the flu) is not clear efficiently anymore, we are more prone to bacterial sinus, ear, and lung infections. The key is to avoid cigarette smoke filled places and if you smoke, seriously consider quitting. Talk to your health care provider to discuss options for quitting smoking. You may also access information about how to quit here.

There is no cure for a viral illness. However, let's talk about 3 potential immune system boosters that may help you in ward off the viruses: zinc, vitamin C, and Echinacea.

1. Zinc

So far, there are conflicting results as to whether zinc is effective in treatment of colds in adults. There is no sufficient evidence for its effectiveness in children and adolescents. Therefore it is not recommended for these age groups. The adult studies that determined zinc to be effective, claim that it may shorten the duration of a cold by 3-4 days if started within 24 hours of the onset of symptoms. Zinc has an unpleasant taste and may cause an upset stomach. Long-term use is not recommended because high levels may interfere with absorption of copper so leading to deficiency. Adults wishing to use zinc to treat their colds should follow package directions for dosage and limit zinc use to a week or shorter.

2. Vitamin C

Vitamin C does not prevent colds. However, if it is taken regularly, vitamin C may shorten the duration of cold symptoms. People with medical conditions, such as kidney disease or blood disorders, need to talk to their health care providers before starting the supplement. Mega doses of vitamin C are not recommended, because vitamin C's effectiveness in cold treatment is very slight. Therefore, just make sure that your diet contains the recommended daily amount (90 mg for men, and 75 mg for women).

3. Echinacea

For years, scientific studies would deliver contradictory results as to whether Echinacea helps banish colds. Today, the herb is in! A large meta-analysis suggested that the herb decreases the duration of a cold and lowers chances of catching one! Echinacea is believed to stimulate the immune system, so it's advantageous to start taking it at the first sign of cold symptoms and continue until all the symptom are gone. Buy products that have a mark "USP verified" and follow package directions while taking the herb.

What's USP?

The United States Pharmacopeia (USP) is the official, science-based, public, standard-setting authority for all prescription and over-the-counter medicines, dietary supplements, and other healthcare products made and sold in the US USP sets standards for the quality of these products. By the federal law, prescription and over-the-counter medicines must meet the standards of the USP. To learn more about USP go to http://www.usp.org/aboutUSP/ .

An ounce of prevention will also go a long way:

1. Frequently wash hands with regular soap and rub hands for 15 seconds

2. Avoid contact with sick people

3. Clean the telephone receiver and door knobs with Lysol

4. Keep your hands away from the nose, eyes, and mouth

5. Cover you cough and sneeze with your sleeve

Why Coffee is Bad For Your Health

Coffee originated from beans of a plant that is scientifically known as coffea. It contains protein, acids and caffeine. Beans that have been roasted and brewed are normally served with sugar, cream or milk. There has been a variation of servings including espresso, cappuccino, cafe latte, frappe and a lot more. But the fact is drinking it can be bad for your health.

Caffeine is a psychoactive stimulant drug that acts on the central nervous system that can result in mood and behavior change. For people who could not tolerate a certain amount of coffee, drinking it could cause anxiety and fast cardiac rhythm. Coffee-addicts on the other hand, could find it hard to stop drinking because of the false energy alarm caused by the rapid heartbeat. For example, after several hours of having his drink shot, an addict might think that his plummeted energy can be increased by drinking it again and the cycle repeats a few times a day.

The combination of coffee with milk, cream or sugar can increase the cholesterol level if taken in excessive amount, which is the case for coffee-addicts. The variation of the drink like cappuccino, cafe latte and latte macchiato contains excessive milk and sugar that can increase the chance of diabetes, high cholesterol and blood pressure. Whereas unfiltered coffee contains cafestol and kahweol that could lead to high cholesterol level.

As with any food that tastes good, coffee too should be consumed in moderation, not only in the quantity but also in the contents.

Five Common MRSA Symptoms

Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus, or MRSA, is a type of bacterium that is resistant to many antibiotics. Familiarize yourself with these 5 common MRSA symptoms and seek treatment immediately if you think you may have this super staph infection.

1. Red, Swollen Skin

The most common symptom of MRSA is red, swollen skin that may look like a boil or surgical wound. The area of ​​infection is usually painful and filled with pus. Many people mistake a MRSA infection for a spider bite or insect bite. If you have what appears to be a bug bite that just will not go away, do not take any chances; see your doctor right away.

2. Shortness of Breath

MRSA may also infect the lungs, which can lead to shortness of breath.

3. Cough

A MRSA infection of the lungs often causes coughing.

4. Fever

If you have a red, swollen skin wound and a fever, you should visit a doctor. While most MRSA infections are successfully treated, they can be lethal if you do not seek medical help immediately.

5. Chills

Chills often accompanies the fever bought on by MRSA. In 2007, WebMD reported that more people in the US die than MRSA than from AIDS. MRSA killed over 18,000 Americans in 2005. In the same year, approximately 16,000 people died from AIDS.

Note that MRSA is not a typical staph infection. Regular staph infections are quite common. In fact, up to a quarter of the population carry staph bacteria in their nose or on their skin without any signs of infection. And when infection occurs, most cases of staph are easily treated. MRSA, on the other hand, requires more complicated treatment because it has become resistant to several antibiotics over the years. This super bug is resistant to penicillin, methicillin, amoxicillin, and many other antibiotics.

MRSA infections are most common among people with weak immune systems and those who have spent time in hospitals, nursing homes, and other extended-stay health facilities. If you've recently had surgery and your wound is not healing properly, it could have been infected.

You can contract MRSA through skin-to-skin contact or by touching a contaminated surface. The best way to prevent MRSA is to wash your hands regularly and thoroughly, especially after spending time in a hospital or another healthcare setting. Be sure to use hot water and soap or a hand sanitizer. Scrub your hands like a surgeon to get rid of all germs.

MRSA infects pre-existing wounds more easily. When you get a burn, cut, or scrape, clean the wound immediately, apply antibiotic ointment, and cover it with a bandage.

Locker rooms and gyms provide fertile breeding grounds for MRSA and other germs. If you go to a gym, take your own towel to wipe down the equipment before and after use. Wear sandals or crocs in the shower, and never share personal items like towels or razors.

When you get home, wash your workout clothes in hot water. Cleanliness is the best way to prevent MRSA. Remember the symptoms of MRSA, and see your doctor as soon as possible if you suspect an infection.

Do you know of any other common MRSA symptoms?

What You Need to Know About Heart Diseases and Stroke

Introduction.

Heart disease is a name given to a variety of conditions that affect the performance of the heart. There are certain disturbances in the action of the heart without any disease in the organ. Most common of these is palpitation. This may be due to emotional states, such as fear, anger, joy, grief, or anxiety; or to certain drugs or poisons such as may be found in tea, coffee, tobacco, or alcoholic drinks.

As heart failure approaches, the real symptoms of the heart disease appear. Shortness of breath on slight exertion is one of the first symptoms. Distress and fullness after eating are very common. Other early symptoms are weakness and lack of endurance, in the legs particularly; palpitation of the heart with fullness in the chest and a dry cough; dull pain and soreness in the region of the liver and also over the heart. Swelling of the ankles may be one of the first symptoms noticed. It is usually worse in the evening and disappears during sleep. Weakness increases until the patient finds himself utterly exhausted on the slightest exertion. He is restless and sleepless.

Every person with acute heart disease of any variety should be under the daily care of a physician and everyone with chronic heart disease should be seen frequently by a physician. A common misconception about the heart is that once it is affected, there is the permanent difficulty, with chronic invalidism and early death. Nothing is further from the truth. The rugged heart often makes an excellent recovery in the course of time. Rest, both physical and mental, is a valuable remedy. The patient must choose food that will not cause gas and indigestion, and guard against emotional outbursts, especially anger.

1. Types of Heart Diseases.

Important examples of heart disease include:

i. Angina, in which there is poor blood circulation to the heart.

ii. Heart Attack, in which there is the death of part of the heart muscle.

iii. Arrhythmia, in which the rate or rhythm of the heartbeat is abnormal.

iv. Atherosclerosis, in which the arteries harden. It is a build-up of cholesterol and other fat substances within the walls of the arteries. Atherosclerosis is a progressive disease and can develop in any artery in the body. It is a common disorder of the arteries.

v. Rheumatic, this was formerly one of the most serious forms of heart disease of childhood and adolescence. This disease involves damage to the entire heart and its membranes. It is a complication of rheumatic fever and usually occurs after attacks of rheumatic fever. The incidence of this condition has been greatly reduced by widespread use of antibiotics effective against the streptococcal bacterium that causes rheumatic fever.

vi. Myocarditis, it’s the inflammation or degeneration of the heart muscle. This can be due to a complication during or after various viral, bacterial or parasitic infectious diseases, such as polio, influenza, rubella, or rheumatic fever. This can be caused by several diseases such as syphilis, goitre, endocarditis, or hypertension. It may be associated with dilation (enlargement due to the weakness of the heart muscle) or with hypertrophy (overgrowth of the muscle tissue).

2. Know the signs of a heart attack.

During a heart attack, men often have these symptoms:

i. Pain or discomfort in the Centre of the chest.

ii. Pain or discomfort in other areas of the upper body, including the arms, back, neck, jaw, or stomach.

iii. Other symptoms, such as shortness of breath breaking out in a cold sweat, nausea, or light-headedness.

3. The basics of stroke.

Stroke is the third leading cause of death for men. The stroke occurs when part of the brain does not get the blood it needs. Then, brain cells die.

There are two types of stroke.

i. An ischemic (iss-kee-mik) stroke. This happens when blood is blocked from getting to the brain.

ii. A hemorrhagic (heh-muh-ra-jik) stroke. This happens when a blood vessel in the brain bursts and blood bleeds into the brain.

A person might also have a “mini-stroke.” This happens when, for a short time, less blood than normal gets to the brain. You may have some signs of a full stroke, or you may not notice any signs at all. But it only lasts a few minutes up to 24 hours. Then you’re back to normal. Many people don’t even know they’ve had it. However, a “mini-stroke” is a sign of a full stroke to come, so it’s important to know the signs of a stroke.

4. Know the signs of Stroke.

The signs of a stroke happen suddenly and are different from the signs of a heart attack. Look for these signs:

i. Weakness or numbness on one side of your body.

ii. Dizziness

iii. loss of balance

iv. Confusion

v. Trouble talking or understanding speech

vi. A headache

vii. Nausea

viii. Trouble walking or seeing.

Remember: Even if you have a “mini-stroke” you may have some of these signs.

5. 12 Steps to a healthy heart;

i. Do not smoke: It is no surprise that smoking hurts your heart. So if you smoke, try to quit.

ii. Get your cholesterol tested: If it is high (above 200), talk to your doctor or nurse about losing weight (if you are overweight) and getting more active. Ask if there is the medicine that may help.

iii. Know your blood pressure: Your heart moves blood through your body. If it is hard for your heart to do this, your heart works harder and your blood pressure will rise. Have it checked to make sure you’re on track! It is high (systolic above 139 and diastolic above 89), talk to your doctor or nurse about how to lower it.

iv. Get tested for diabetes: Diabetes can raise your chances of getting heart disease. If you have diabetes, keep your blood sugar levels in check! This is the best way for you to take care of yourself and your heart.

v. Eat heart-healthy foods: Whole grain foods, vegetables, and fruits. Choose lean meats and low-fat cheese and dairy products. Limit foods that have lots of saturated fat, like butter, whole milk, baked goods, ice cream, fatty meats and cheese.

vi. Keep a healthy weight: Being overweight or obese raises your risk for heart disease.

vii. Eat less salt: Choose foods salt. Use spices, herbs, lemon, and lime instead of salt. This is really important if you have high blood pressure.

viii. Do not drink too much of alcohol: Too much alcohol raises blood pressure and can raise your risk of stroke and other problems.

ix. Get moving: Get at least 30 minutes of physical activity on most days, if not all days of the week.

x. Take your medicine: If your doctor has prescribed medicine to lower your blood pressure or cholesterol, take it exactly as you have been told to take it.

xi. Take steps to treat your sleep problems: If you snore loudly, have been told you stop breathing at times when you sleep and are very sleepy during the day, you may have sleep apnea. If you don’t treat it, it raises your chances of having a heart attack or stroke. Talk with your doctor or nurse about treating this problem.

xii. Find healthy ways to cope with stress: Sometimes, people cope with stress by eating, drinking too much alcohol, or smoking-these are all ways that could hurt your heart. Lower your stress: talk to friends, be physically active, or meditate.

Health Benefits of Filberts

Filberts are more commonly known as hazelnuts, however filberts are a slightly larger than hazelnuts. There are over 100 varieties of these nuts grown world-wide including United States and Canada. Filberts are used to flavor foods such as ice cream, chocolate, tea and coffee. But did you know that these nuts have a lot of health benefits to offer you?

Filberts are a good source of monounsaturated and polyunsaturated fats, vitamins E, B1, B2 and B6, folate, calcium, iron, zinc, potassium, magnesium, protein and dietary fiber.

Here are some of the benefits that you can obtain by adding them to your diet.

Healthy Heart

Filberts can help you to lower your cholesterol levels, and thereby prevent high blood pressure, atherosclerosis, heart disease and stroke. Filberts can also help to relax your blood vessels to increase the blood flow. This makes it easier on your heart.

Prevent Cancer

Filberts are a good source of folate which can help you to prevent cancer.

Mental Health

Filberts contain B vitamins which are essential for a healthy mind, especially during early childhood. In addition, the folate can help to protect your mind against depression and Alzheimer’s disease.

Birth Defects

They can also help to protect your baby from neural tube defects which are birth defects of the brain and spinal chord.

Absorb Nutrients

Adding filberts in with your salads or green smoothies can help you to better absorb fat soluble vitamins such as A, D, E and K. This is due to the healthy fats in filberts which help to carry those vitamins around the body so that they can be absorbed.

Anti-Aging

The antioxidants in filberts will help you to remove harmful free radical from your body, so that you can prevent premature aging. Studies show that free radicals are the major cause of aging, and thus if you eliminate them you can prevent wrinkles and age related diseases such as cancer, heart disease, stroke, Alzheimer’s and arthritis.

How to Eat Them

The best way to obtain all the health benefits is to simply eat them raw, fresh out of the shell. You can purchase them out of the shell, but they are more likely to rancid, as the shell helps to preserve their freshness. Therefore if you buy them while they are still in the shell you can take them out of the shell as you eat them.

You can also toast them and add them to your salads, deserts, or add them raw to your smoothies. You can also make a butter out of them and use it as a spread for your wraps and sandwiches.

Vaccination – 5 Things to Consider Before Vaccinating Your Children

One of the most important decisions you will make
One of the most important decisions you will make that will affect the health of your children is whether or not to vaccinate them. Since many medical authorities say vaccination is safe, most parents go ahead with vaccination, completely unaware of the potential dangers and unable to recognize serious reactions when they occur. I am a huge believer in parenting without regrets and I am writing this article to spur you to do some research on your own, especially since the information that you will be presented with (if any) by your pediatrician is not sufficient for you to make a truly informed choice. Regardless of whether you decide to vaccinate your children or not, you should at least be making a conscious and fully informed choice. The following is critical for you to consider before vaccinating

Vaccinations are not necessarily safe – YOU need to be the judge for your family
The majority of pediatricians will tell you that vaccinations are safe and that the number of children that experience adverse reactions is very low. In addition, they will lead you believe that the few negative reactions are carefully tracked and monitored. However, if you take the time to dig deeper you will find that these assertions are not evidence based and lack solid scientific backing. For example, there has never been a long term study that compares the health and welfare of vaccinated children to unvaccinated children. Seeing as cancer is the leading cause of death by disease for children under 15 years of age, would not it be interesting to know if the cancer rate for vaccinated kids was much higher than for unvaccinated kids?

Might that change our view on the safety and wisdom of custody? There has been some analysis into the issue, but both of the studies have been discounted by the Centers for Disease Control (CDC). One study was of the Pennsylvania Amish, who do not vaccinate their children for religious reasons. When it was found that they have virtually no incidence of autism (nor of asthma, allergies or ADHD) the CDC responded by saying that the Amish have a "genetic connectivity" that protects them. (Reference 1) A second study, this one of a home-schooling organization of 35,000 children in the Chicago area, found that in this unvaccinated group there were no recorded cases of autism and that the incidence of asthma, allergies and ADHD was extremely low as well. (Reference 2) This was also discounted.

Vaccines are not thoroughly tested before, nor adequately tracked after, being released
Vaccinations are not rigorously tested before being released to the public. Typically, a new vaccine is tested by comparing short term side effects of a new vaccine against an already existing vaccine. The definition of what constituents a side effect is narrowly defined so that many side effects are determined to be coincidence – not related to the violation. It is also important to know that the pharmaceutical companies have been eliminated from liability for vaccine injuries since Congress enacted the National Childhood Vaccine Injury Act of 1986. This leaves them with very little incentive to do thorough testing. For example, when a manufacturer's representative was asked in a 1997 Illinois Board of Health hearing to show evidence that the hepatitis B vaccine is safe for newborns, the representative stated, "We have none, our studies were done on 5 and 10 year-olds . " (Reference 3) This is concern because your children are scheduled to receive three doses of Hep B before they are a year old, with the first dose being administrated before you and your baby leave the hospital.

Since there is so little testing prior to release, one would hope that there would be careful tracking and follow-up after the vaccine has been released to the public so that if there were issues, they could be evaluated and the vaccine would be dropped from the market if necessary. Not so! It is true that when a vaccine is released into the market, post-marketing surveillance is supposed to track any negative reactions. However the adverse reporting system is entirely voluntary and according to David Kessler, (the head of the FDA for most of the 1990s), 90 to 99 percent of all adverse reactions are never reported. (Reference 4)

The combination of vaccinations currently required as part of the Recommended Immunization Schedule are overwhelming for the immune systems of many children
Not only are individual vaccines not rigorously tested, but the combination of vaccinations prescribed in the Centers for Disease Control "Recommended Immunization Schedule 2009" are not studied in combination to prove that giving multiple viral and bacterial vaccinations at one time is safe. Over the past twenty years, the number of vaccinations children are given has almost quadrupled. In 1983 children were given 5 shots during their first 6 months of life and 8 shots by the age of two. By 2007 that number increased 74% to 19 shots by the age of 6 months and a whooping 27 by the time they are two years old. This is especially disturbing when you realize that children are born with immature immune systems as well as an inability to effectively metabolize heavy metals.

For the most part, mercury (Thimerosol) has been removed from vaccines. This does not mean that there are not other ingredients in vaccines that cause concern. One of these ingredients is aluminum which is added to vaccines to increase their efficiency (help them work better). Why is aluminum a concern? Well, aluminum is eliminated primarily through the kidneys, when babies can not eliminate it effectively accumulates and causes impaired neurologic and mental development that does not show up until around 18 months of age. Infant kidney function is low at birth and does not reach full capacity until 1-2 years of age. (Reference 5) As a result, the cumulative exposure babies have to aluminum (in the process of receiving up to 37 doses of vaccine delivered in 27 shots during their first two years of life) can cause numerous problems. For example, children typically receive eight vaccinations (Hepatitis B, Rotavirus, Diphtheria, Tetanus, Pertussis, Haemophilus Influenza Type B, Pneumococcal and Inactivated Poliovirus) on the same day when they are 2 months old.

The total amount of aluminum they are injected with is between 295 and 1225 micrograms, depending on which brands of vaccine are used. Meanwhile, the FDA requires that all injectable solutions have a 25 microgram limit. (Reference 6) Not only is the maximum aluminum exceeded at two months, but they are injected with almost the same amount of aluminum at 4 months and again at 6 months, long before their kidneys are fully functioning and can eliminate the aluminum effectively. The combined amount of aluminum that builds up in their system will be dependent on their health and genetics, and is likely many, many times the recommended limit. More to the point, nobody knows what the repercussions are for the millions of children that are being vaccinated as part of the recommended schedule.

Parents, not the government or pharmaceutical companies, take full responsibility for vaccine damage
If your child is injured by vaccination, you can not sue the pharmaceutical company (s) that produced the vaccine (s). They have been protected from lawsuits by the US government. Instead, you must submit your case to the Vaccine Injury Compensation Program (VICP). To date, approximately 60 percent of the claims have been rejected. The problem with winning compensation is proving that the vaccine, not an unknown genetic problem or coincidence, caused the injury. Because your baby's immune system is complex, it is easy for them to say that it was something other than the vaccine that caused the problem. The whole process takes a long time, meaning that if your child is injured, you will likely wait years before you are awarded any money to defray the costs of raising a child with serious medical and caring needs. It is estimated that the lifetime cost of caring for one autistic child is more than $ 4.5M. VICP has awarded more than $ 1.1 billion for vaccine injuries since 1988. If your child is injured, no amount of money can really compensate you for losing the bright, happy, healthy child you once had.

In Summary
Vaccination is not mandatory. Exceptions are allowed in all states for medical, religious and / or philosophical reasons. As parents, you are the one who is extremely responsible for making decisions for your children. You are also the one who has to live with the repercussions of these decisions, not your family pediatrician, nor the government. Fortunately, there are many choices when it comes to custody. First, there is the choice to vaccinate or not. If you do choose to vaccinate, you should carefully consider how many vaccinations you want your child to be given and at what ages.

Recommended Books and DVD's:
"Vaccines: Are they Really Safe & Effective?", By Neil Z. Miller, 2002.
"The Vaccine Guide", by Randall Neustaedter, 2002.
"What Your Doctor May Tell You About Children's Vaccines", by Stephanie Cave MD, with Deborah Mitchell, 2001.
"Vaccine Illusion", by Tetyana Obukhanych
"The Vaccine Book", by Robert Sears
"Vaccines – What CDC Documents and Science Reveal", DVD, by Dr. Sherri J. Tenpenny
"Vaccines: The Risks, The Benefits, The Choices", DVD, by Dr. Sherri J. Tenpenny

References:
1 Healing the new Childhood Epidemics: Autism, ADHD, Asthma and Allergies by Kenneth Bock, MD, and Cameron Stauth, 2007, Ballantine Books, New York.
2 Healing the new Childhood Epidemics: Autism, ADHD, Asthma and Allergies by Kenneth Bock, MD, and Cameron Stauth, 2007, Ballantine Books, New York.
3 The Congressional Quarterly, August 25, 2000, pg. 647
4 David Kessler, Introducing MedWatch: A new approach to reporting medication and device adverse effect and product problems , Journal of American Medical Association, July 2, 1993, 269 (21): 2765-68.
[5] Zatta PF, Alfrey AC. (Eds) Aluminum Toxicity in Infants' Health and Disease. 1997, World Scientific Publishing.
6 www.fda.gov search for "alumninum toxicity"

Copyright 2009 Julie Fagan

Display Fridges in Deli’s

If you own a deli, then the best way to display your products to the consumer would be by using a deli display fridge. Although they are labelled as used in a deli, many other types of business employ these types of display fridge such as sandwich shops, bakeries and any other type of business that needs some sort of refrigerated display space.

The Different Types of Display Fridge

The first type of deli display fridge available is the countertop refrigerator that doubles up as a counter whilst showing off your items to the customer. These types of display counter allow the customer to choice what they would like from one side and the shop assistant can serve from behind the counter top, retrieving the items through a slid door at the back. This is very useful as it only allows the staff access to the goods and this increases hygiene and cleanliness levels.

The second type of deli display fridge is the type that you see up against the wall with a clear front door on it, usually selling bottles of pop or some other item that is visibly seen without the need to open the door. Not only does this continue to keep the items chilled whilst the customer is browsing, but it also saves energy consumption and therefore the cost of your utility bills go down.

The third type of display fridge that you may wish to use in a deli is a bid of a hybrid between the counter top and drinks display fridges. It stands against a wall but has no door on it, just shelving, and they are perfect for keeping pre-packed sandwiches, cakes and chocolate chilled.

Optional Features

Although these are optional features, you would be totally lost without them if they weren’t part of your display fridge set up. The two main items are the ability to adjust shelving and a temperature gauge.

If you are selling different products all the time in your shop, it is vital that you can change the shop displays to suit what you are going to sell. The adjustable shelving feature is also good for keeping your display fridge clean as it allows you to remove shelves and panels from the unit completely.

If you have a temperature gauge built in to the unit then it is a lot easier for your staff to keep a close eye on the temperature without then need to get out the thermometer and leave it for a while so that it shows the true temperature of the fridge. This is a basic precaution in food hygiene and is one of the first things that local shop inspectors look at when checking out whether the shop is carrying out its duties to customers.

Freezer Apartments

If you find that your business will benefit from the use of freezer space but you don’t what to pay for a separate freezer then many manufacturers offer up dual freezer / fridge counter top display units. They will be exponentially more expensive than just a simple display fridge but the benefits to your business could be massive, depending on what you are offering to your customer.

Warranties

If you are spending a lot of money on an expensive product then it is always useful to know the warranty information. The main warranty will of course be from the manufacturer of the product and anything that goes wrong within the warranty period will mean that the manufacturer will repair or replace this unit. Sometimes it makes good business sense to extend those warranties, either with the manufacturer, retailer or some other third party in case of breakdown. Although it is another monthly cost, you have to bear in mind that if your fridge goes down for just one day, the business you lose because of it could be massive. It should always be a consideration!

Acoustic Neuroma Hearing Loss – Strategies For Coping With One Sided Deafness

Often one of the symptoms of acoustic neuroma is single sided hearing loss. Depending on the tumor size, type of treatment and other factors, single sided deafness or near deafness can be one of the outcomes of treatment.  

If you are living with one sided hearing loss or deafness, you may be familiar with some of the following scenarios.

You are walking down the street, or across campus, or through a parking lot. A friendly voice is calling your name. Your look around but can’t see who it is. They continue to cheerfully call out, “Over here!” Each time you ask where, they again call out, “Over here!”

You are in a noisy restaurant at a work related meeting. You can’t hear the person beside you on the side of your deaf ear. You can hear some of what the person on your other side is saying. You can hear some of what the person across from you is saying. You can’t hear your boss, who called the meeting. You hope you aren’t missing any important information

You are at a social get together. Not everyone there knows you well or knows about your single sided deafness. You are doing your best to participate and to fit in. You are picking up the gist of the conversation with those right across from you or right next to your hearing ear. In fact, you are doing a bit of grinning and nodding, and making a few comments here and there, which you hope are relevant.  You happen to look to the side of your deaf ear, and see that the person sitting beside you is moving their lips. They seem to be talking to you. You have no idea how long they have been speaking. They do not seem to notice that you have not heard a single word.  

The following tips are being offered to help you cope:

*Use visual cues and knowledge of your environment to figure out where a voice is coming from.

*Use seating arrangements to your advantage. With experimenting, you will eventually figure out the best places to sit in a group setting.

*Turn to face a person sitting on your deaf side, even though it feels awkward at first.

*Communicate your needs to others. Be easy on them if they forget. Just tell them again.

*Be easy on yourself. It is not your fault this happened. You owe it to yourself to speak up so others can help to include you.

*Have a sense of humor. The best laid plans are bound to go wrong, and it would behoove you to learn to laugh about it.

*Relax! In most social settings, most people won’t hear most of what is said. You can always catch up with people one on one, later.

*Have a daily relaxation routine, such as breathing exercises, yoga, or walking. It will go a long way toward helping you cope and put things in perspective.

I hope these tips have been helpful to you. I wish you the best on your acoustic neuroma journey.

Natural Remedies For Vaginal Atrophy – Can You Really Fix This Disorder Yourself?

Do natural remedies for vaginal atrophy exist? If your doctor has told you that you suffer from this condition, you may be wondering what your options are. Do you have to start on hormonal replacement? Or is there a natural way to restore vaginal tissue?

First of all, you need to understand what causes this disorder. Only then can you know how to treat it.

The Cause

This condition occurs where the lining of the vagina starts to thin. Over time, this progresses to be a serious condition. It's caused by a lack of estrogen, generally thought about by menopause. Early symptoms include vaginal dryness. As the disorder progresses, sex becomes increasingly painful and may even cause bleeding. But to get a diagnosis, you do need to see your doctor.

What You Need To Do To Treat It

To treat it, it makes sense to replace estrogen in your body. That is why most doctors will prescribe low-dose estrogen therapy to help you. However, this treatment plan is not without side effects. Plus, there is the risk of cancer from the extra estrogen.

How Estrogen Helps

Fortunately, many women have found relief using natural sources of estrogen. Many plants contained what is known as phytoestrogen. You find the highest concentration of this in soy and other legumes. However, most of these foods do not contain enough to effectively reverse vaginal atrophy.

Looking To Natural Remedies to Treat It

But other natural remedies for vaginal atrophy include supplements that contain a higher concentration of this phytoestrogen. These usually also contain a mixture of vitamins and minerals that help keep you in optimum health. Plus, many women have found them to be effective at treating vaginal atrophy.

Types of Glass Display Cabinets

Glass display cabinets are used as storage and display place for trophies and souvenirs. The display cabinets are made from combination of glass and wood. The base of the cabinet is built from wood and the front is made from glass. Cherry wood and oak are the ideal choice of material for building a glass cabinet. A good cabinet is elegant, presentable and able to create the effect of a large space. Here are some of the glass display cabinets available in the market.

First, we have the dark oak double glass display cabinet. It is build from solid fine oak wood and has two glass doors. The cabinet features four adjustable shelves. Solid wood face frame built on the cabinet make it easy to be clean and manage.

Next, we have the elegant diamond wall glass cabinet suitable for office lobby and hotel lounge. It has seven alternating floating shelves for displaying souvenirs and pictures. This type of cabinet is very stylish and usually comes in the color of dark walnut.

We continue with the two way sliding door display cabinet that is fixed with glass, mirrored back and v-grooved glass. To enhance the security feature, the cabinet doors are fixed lock. The cabinet also contained halogen lighting. Usually the color for the cabinet is medallion cherry

Everyone display and keep all their trophies and souvenirs in glass display cabinets. Living hall will look more presentable and lively with the existence of the furniture. Thus, it is very important to get a glass display cabinet that is suitable to your personality and living hall environment.

Female Alopecia – Information, Causes, Prevention, and Treatment Options

Female Alopecia

1.-Introduction
2.-Growth cycles
3.-Main Causes
4.-Secondary Causes
5.-Topical treatments
6.-Oral treatments
7.-Cosmetic treatments
8.-Conclusion

Introduction

With different colors, styles and variations, young or mature, male or female, the hair has an important role in a person's image.

While advertising for products that "strengthen the hair" are almost always male-oriented, it may seem that women do not suffer from alopecia. The reality is that over two thirds of women face the challenges of hair loss at some point in their lives.

Many women find this very disturbing, perhaps more than men. In addition, the female physiology is unique, and factors such as menstrual cycles, pregnancy and menopause are particularly important.

For some women, hair loss can be genetic; however, many of the causes of female hair loss are treatable.

Without a doubt, the physical appearance of women depends very much on their hair. For many women, their hair is a sign of youth and vitality.

Hair structure:

The external portion of the hair, called the stem, is the part of the hair that we see and style. In reality it is dead tissue produced by hair follicles, small bag-shaped structures located deep in the scalp. Each hair is enclosed within a follicle.

The average head has 100,000 hairs. At the base of the follicle is the oval shaped root, which is responsible for the growth of hair. In the lower portion of this is the papilla, which contains blood capillaries that provide blood to each hair.

As hair grows, the cells move towards the surface of the skin and become a protein called keratin, being replaced by new cells. Keratin is the same protein found in the nails.

The stem is composed of 3 layers: the cuticle, the cortex and medulla. The cuticle, or outer layer, consist of small cells known as scales. The cuticle serves as a case for the cortex, the thickest portion of the stem, composed of cells arranged in the form of tobacco leaves. The cortex holds the pigment that gives hair its color. The medulla is composed of cells with the form of a case and is located in the center. The spaces between cells in the medulla influence the refraction of light in tone and hair.

Glands and muscles

The hair is lubricated by oily secretions from the sebaceous glands, located on the sides of most follicles. Surrounding these glands and the rest of the follicle, there are groups of muscles (arrector pili) that allow the hair to stand up when a person is cold or afraid.

Cycles of growth

The average head has 100,000 hairs. Hair grows and is renewed regularly. Normally, 50 to 100 hairs fall out every day. If there are no problems, this loss will most likely go un-noticed.

Hair grows about 1 cm per month, although this growth Declines as we age. Every hair on your head remains there for about two to six years, and during most of this time it is growing. When the hair is older it enters a resting stage in which it remains on the head, but stops growing. At the end of this phase the hair falls out. Typically, the follicle replicates the hair in about six months, but many factors can disrupt this cycle. The result may be that the hair falls out soon or is not replaced. Normally 90% of hair is in continuous growth (anagen phase) that lasts 2 to 6 years. 10% of hair is in a resting phase, which lasts about 2-3 months. At the end of this stage it is normal for the hair to fall out (telogen phase).

As the hair falls out is replaced by a new hair from the hair follicle, located under the skin. Through a person's life span no new hair follicles are formed. Blonds have the most hair (140,000 hairs) followed by dark hair (105,000) and red hair (90,000). As we age the rate of hair growth diminishes, leading to a progressive thinning of hair. Since the hair is composed of protein (keratin), and this material is also in the nails, it is essential that all people ingest or eat an abundant amount of protein to maintain the healthy hair production. Protein is found in meat, poultry, fish, eggs, milk, cheese, Cereals, nuts and soy.

Main causes

Androgenetic alopecia is the most common cause of hair loss. It is mainly determined by 3 factors: aging, hormones, and heredity.

Most people experience some hair loss as they age. The result may be a partial or total baldness. Men are much more likely than women to experience baldness and hair loss when they get older, but "female baldness" can also be inherited, which can cause modest or significant hair loss in women as they age. Hair loss is initially interested between 25 and 30 years of age. In female hair loss, hair is replaced by increasingly thinner and shorter hair. Hair may even become transparent.

Usually, hair loss in women is less obvious than in men. Also, the pattern in which the hair falls out is different. It is most noticeable in the hair part, as well as the crown of the head, additionally the frontal hair line is retained. It is inherited from both father and mother.

About 50% of women who experience hair loss have "female baldness". In these cases there is an abundance of dihydrotestosterone (male hormone) in the hair follicle. The conversion of testosterone to DHT is regulated by the 5-alpha-reductase enzyme in the scalp. Over time, the action of DHT degrades, and shortens the growth phase of the follicle (Anagen). Although the follicle is technically alive, it grows less and less each time. Some follicles just die, but most become smaller and thinner. As the Anagenic Phase remains very short, hair gradually thins and falls out until it becomes so fine that it can no longer sustain daily hair combing. Baldness turns a long, thick pigmented hair into thin, clear and light hair. Neverheless, the sebaceous glands attached to the follicle remain the same size and continue to produce the same amount of sebum. When a medical treatment (flutamide, cyproterone or spironolactone) is able to reduce the male hormones, the sebaceous glands become smaller, and reduce their production of this hormone in the sebum causing less damage.

There also seems to be an immune factor in baldness. Basically, the immune system begins to target hair follicles in the areas of alopecia. The rise in male hormones (DHT) during puberty starts this process.

Secondary causes

A wide variety of factors can cause hair loss, often temporary, in women:

Birth Control Pills

The pills contain two ingredients, a synthetic estrogen and progestin. Women who experience hair loss while taking oral contraceptives are predisposed to a hereditary progressive hair thinning. This can be accelerated by the effects of the male hormone possessing some progestagens. If this happens, it is advisable to change to another type of oral contraceptive. Also, when a woman stops using certain oral contraceptives, she can be notice hair loss 2-3 months later. This lasts about 6 months and usually ceases. It would be similar to hair loss experienced after giving birth.

Iron deficiency anemia

Lack of iron causes hair loss in men as well as women. However, in women the problem is more prevalent, particularly in those with long or heavy menstrual cycles. The lack of iron can be detected easily with analysis, and corrected with medical treatment.

Diet

A diet low in protein can also cause hair loss, as can low iron intake. Vegetarians, people with diets low in protein, and patients with anorexia nervosa may be a protein deficient. When this occurs the body helps to conserve protein by moving hair growth to the resting stage. This can lead to heavy hair loss about 3 months after the hair growth enters the resting stage. When the hair is folded, it comes out easily at the root. This process is reversible with medical treatment, which requires an adequate intake of protein.

Post-partum

Some women lose large amounts of hair 2-3 months after giving birth. When a woman gives birth, too many hairs enter the resting phase. 2-3 months after she may notice a large number of hairs in the comb or brush after combing her hair. The hair loss can last about 6 months. The problem, in most cases, is resolved after appropriate medical treatment. Not all new mothers will suffer from this experience, and not all women will notice hair loss with each pregnancy.

Stress and illness

You may start to lose hair 1-3 months after a stressful situation, such as major surgery. High fevers, infections, severe or chronic diseases can also result in hair loss.

Thyroid Disease

An underactive or hyperactive thyroid can cause hair loss. These diseases are diagnosed by clinical symptoms and laboratory tests. These cases require special handling.

Medicines

Some drugs used in cancer chemotherapy cause hair cells to stop their division, resulting in thinner more fragile hair that easily breaks as it emerges from the scalp. This phenomenon occurs 1-3 weeks after the start of anticancer treatment. The patient can lose 90% of their hair. In most patients, hair grows back when anticancer treatment ends.

Also, many popular medications can cause hair loss.

Drugs that reduce cholesterol: clofibrate (Atromis-S) and gemfibrozil (Lopid).
rugs for Parkinson's: levodopa (Dopar, Larodopa).
Anti-ulcer drugs: cimetidine (Tagamet), ranetidina (Zantac) and famotidine (Pepcid).
Anticoagulants: Coumarina and Heparin.
Anti gotoso agents: Allopurinol (Loporin, Zyloprim, Zyloric).
Anti-arthritic: penicillamina, auranofin (Ridaura), indomethacin (Inacid), naproxen (Naprosyn), Sulindac (Clinoril) and methotrexate (Folex).
erivatives of Vitamin-A: isotretinoin (Accutane, Roacutan) and etretinato (Tegison, Tigason).
Anti-convulsants / antiepileptics: trimethadione (Tridion).
Anti-depressants: tricyclics, amphetamines.
Beta blockers for hypertension: atenolol (Tenormin), metoprolol (Lopressor), nadolol (Corgard), propranolol (Inderal) and timolol (Blocadren).
Anti-thyroid: carbimazole, iodine, thiocianato, thiouracilo.
Other anticoagulants, male hormones (anabolic steroids).

Alopecia Areata

A common disease that causes patches of hair loss on the scalp and other body parts. It affects men and women of all ages, but more commonly youth. The affected follicles significantly diminish their production of hair. They become very small and produce hair that is very noticeable. These follicles are in a resting state, and at any time can resume their normal activities after receiving a signal. Some people develop only a few bald spots that return to normal in about a year. Some people loose all of the hair on their head (alopecia totalis). In other people all body hair is lost (alopecia universal). It is believed that alopecia areata is an autoimmune disease in which the body mistakenly produces antibodies against the hair follicle (autoallergic). Anxiety and nervousness may trigger the disease or prevent it from healing. Treatment includes injecting cortisone, or by applying Minoxidil, cyclosporine, steroid creams or Anthralin to the affected area. In selected cases, UVA treatment, or the application of dibenciprona on the lesions is used in order to produce an allergic eczema to stimulate the resting follicle.

Tinea / ringworm

A fungal infection on the scalp. Small patches can cause flaking and some hair loss.

Inappropriate hair care

Many women use chemical treatments on their scalp, such as dyes, highlights, and perms. Chemical treatments can damage the hair if done incorrectly. The hair becomes weak and breaks when these substances are applied too often, left on too long, bleaching previously bleached hair, or when two or more procedures are performed in the same day. If the hair becomes too porous and dull by excessive exposure to chemical treatments, it is advisable to suspend these treatments until the hair has recovered. Shampoo, brushing and combing are necessary for proper care of the hair, but if done excessively or inappropriately can damage hair, causing it to break at the stalk, or produce split ends. You can use a conditioner or hair repair product after shampoo to reduce the force required to comb the hair and make it more manageable. When there are split ends, and hair that is difficult to comb, it is advisable to use hair repair products with silicone serums. Excess water should not be discharged and rubbed vigorously with a towel. When the hair is wet its structure is more fragile, and viguous combing or brushing should be avoided. Forget the old recommendation of combing or brushing in excess as well, because it damages hair. Use combs with widely spaced teeth and thin bristle brushes, preferably natural (wild boar bristle brushes for example). The hairstyles that require tension on the hair like curls and braids should be alternated with loose hair styles to avoid the constant "pull" that can produce hair loss, especially on the sides of the scalp.

Topical Treatments

1. Minoxidil. Is a vasodilator agent that has been used orally in the treatment of hypertension and is now widely used in treating various types of alopecia. In general, 1 ml of lotion is applied twice a day (every 12 hours) to dry hair, as humidity increases the penetration of the product several times. Works better in young men than in women (20 years), especially in those with mild hair loss (thinning) on ​​the crown, or a small bald patch 3-4 cm, but also is functional for a receding hairline. The response to Minoxidil varies from individual to individual. Treatment should be 2 to 5 years. The scalp will begin beginning to grow more hair from the small thin hairs. Minoxidil causes hair becomes thicker and healthier. The income is better for people suffering from hair loss for less than 2 years. Most see fuzz growing in the first few months. Some experience more hair loss after the first applications. This is due to the old hair should fall out in order for new hair to grow. Positive results can be seen in 4-8 months, although the maximum effects of Minoxidil are reached between 12-14 months.

2. Pyrimidine N-oxides. A generic class of hair tonics similar to Minoxidil (2.4-Diaminopyrimidine Aminexil-3-oxide). The results in more than 250 men and women include an 8% increase in hair growth after 6 weeks of treatment, compared to a decrease in the rate of hair growth with a placebo.

3. Tretinoin. Has been used for years in the treatment of acne. It is also a hair tonic in appropriate doses, particularly in combination with Minoxidil. If implemented together, first apply the Minoxidil, wait for it to dry (usually 15-30 minutes) and then apply Tretinoin. Tretinoin should be applied only at night. A slight irritation to the skin of the scalp is expected, especially at the beginning of the treatment.

4. Topical estrogen. Solutions of dienestrol or progesterone may be applied daily for 6-12 months.

5. Natural treatments. There are many treatments with vitamins, sulfur amino acids (cysteine, methionine, tiazolidin carboxylic acid), minerals (zinc) and plant extracts (Indian horse chestnut, calendula) that are useful as dietary supplements and promote healthier hair. Sulfur favors the formation of keratin, the protein that gives structure to the hair. The plant extracts act to stimulate the circulation and revitalize the hair follicle. Zinc gluconate is an astringent and reduces sebaceous secretion by inhibiting the production of DHT when applied topically. Amniotic fluid and tricosacarides hydrate and stimulate the follicle.

6. Others. Lately, lotions containing superoxide dismutase (copper peptide ligands) are being used to strengthen and activate the growth of hair. This is based on the fact that there are chemical messengers in the body that send signals to hair follicles to start the Anagen and telogen phases. In this sense, focused more towards the telogen phase (resting phase), while nitric oxide causes the hair to enter the anagen (growth) phase. Obviously, the treatments should stimulate the levels of nitric oxide and reduce the levels of superoxide radicals used in superoxide dismutase and antioxidant agents.

Oral treatments

"Dietary supplements (vitamins, sulfur amino aids) Although androgenetic alopecia is not due to lack of vitamins, it is suggested that certain sulfur amino acid supplements (arginine, cysteine), vitamins and minerals (biotin, iron, folic acid) favor capillary nutrition, reduce fat, and promote the synthesis of the protein that gives structure to the hair (keratin) Many of these compounds have an antioxidant action.

"Antiandrogens.Request the male hormone (DHT) that causes baldness. DHT is an androgen (male hormone) competing for a place in the hair follicle receptors.If follicle receptors are occupied by other agents, DHT can not enter the hair follicle and thenfore does not mention its aggressive action. The problem is that by blocking DHT in other parts of the body signs of feminization may show in men. In contrast, for women this block is less problematic.

"Zinc. Affects hormone levels when taken orally and inhibits the production of DHT when applied topically.

"Espirolactona. Habitually used as a diuretic." It is one of the most powerful antiandrogens, which can cause hair loss. of 50 to 100 mg per day. It can alter the menstrual cycle and increase bleeding in some patients, but is generally well tolerated.

"(Cyproterone acetate) is a derivative of an anti-progesterone with antiandrogenic effects." It is used for the control of androgenetic alopecia in women only. at least 12 months and often requires 2 years for improvement. The result is more favorable if treatment is started within the first two years of the sunset of alopecia.

"flutamide. Another antiandrogic indicated for women. The treatment lasts 1-2 years.

Ketoconazole is an antifungal agent that has antiandrogenic properties. In men the treatment can be very effective with Finasteride, a drug normally used to treat hypertrophy of the prostate.

Cosmetic treatments

Cosmetic treatments include creative hairstyles, wigs, and hair transplants. To reduce the visual effect of the thinning hair, camouflage methods can be used.

Keeping the hair short, will make it appear less patched. This will also make it easier to maintain. Longer hair produces bunches and locks of hair that are separated, showing large areas of the scalp.

A skilled hairdresser can disguise thin hair in certain areas. If the hair is thin at the hair line, the hair line and extends to the temples, ask your hairdresser to cut your hair short in front, and leave it longer at the temples.

If your hair is thinner on the crown of your head, keep hair short, about neck length. Long hair is heavier, and this pulls hair, separating it at the crown and showing more of the bald area. If you still have a reasonably thick hair on the roof of the head, leave it long and cover the bald patches.

If the hair is very thin is more difficult to cover up alopecia areas. You can try a gentile perm to increase the hair volume.

If you have dark hair, you can try to lighten it a bit to reduce the contrast between the remaining hair and scalp, so making the skin less noticeable.

A cosmetic trick that may work in women is to apply a bit of hair colored eye shadow, on the scalp over the areas of thin hair. This is harmless and can make fine hair less noticeable.

Finally, do not use products that make tuffs or locks of hair stick together. This allows empty spaces on the scalp to be more easily seen.

Appropriate Shampoos

Maintaining clean hair helps preserve the health and beauty of hair. The frequency of washing and shampooing for each individual are important factors and should be recommended by a dermatologist. In the case of oily hair accommodated by thinning hair, frequent washing is advised because this reduces the fat on the surface of the scalp. It is important to have hair that is clean and non oily, as sebum contains elevated levels of dihydrotestosterone and testosterone (male hormones) that can be absorbed into the skin and affect hair follicles. In cases of dandruff and greasy hair that is washed frequently if it is best to switch to a treatment shampoo for frequent use. With these shampoos, you should wash your hair twice, and the second time leave it in for 2 -3 minutes without rubbing. The comb teeth should be wide and separated. Avoid metal brushes. If the hair has split ends (tricoptilosis) these can be repaired with a silicone polymer based repair serums, which acts as a patch on the split ends.

Conclusions

Hereditary hair loss is not curable, but it is controllable, and the sooner be treated the better. Currently there is not a perfect treatment for androgenetic alopecia, but there are drugs that stop hair loss and prolong the life of hair follicles.

We must consider the present and future hair treatments because hair needs living hair follicles. With baldness follicles are minimaturized and die after 5-10 years. With any treatment you will get better results with more follicles that remain alive. Many other hair problems are temporary and can be treated by dietary measures and other measures. In these cases, good dietary habits as well as eating supplements of vitamins, minerals and antioxidants help to stop hair loss and regain normal growth after a few months. For more information about hair loss, consult your dermatologist, because skin diseases include diseases of the hair and nails. Do not be influenced by advertisements for "hair tonic" or by hairdressing specialists.