How to Treat Traction Alopecia Naturally

Traction alopecia is not caused by changes in the body’s hormones as other forms of hair loss are. Traction alopecia, on the other hand, is mechanically induced and is a form of hair loss that can not only be successfully treated if it is caught soon enough, but it can also be prevented. This form of hair loss occurs often around the crown of the head and the hair line. These are both areas that tend to suffer much pressure from tight hairstyles. It’s worth mentioning that traction alopecia can also lead to hair thinning in other areas, especially those areas where hair extensions have been used constantly through the years.

There is no surprise consumers become upset when their hair does not begin to grow back because there are many hair products on the market whose labels claim that the product boosts hair growth. When hair is lost to traction alopecia, make sure you maintain dedication and patience as re-growing your hair will be tedious but does not require a lot of hair products that won’t work anyway.

Hair can be compared to a plant that grows in soil, which in hair’s case is actually the scalp. For the plant to grow healthy and strong it requires soil that supplies it with essential nutrients. In this case, you must first care for your scalp when trying to re-grow hair that was lost to traction alopecia. If your scalp is unhealthy, it will have very little to no change at all of producing new hair, much less healthy hair. If you repeatedly pull on your hair and place stress on your hair follicles, it will eventually result in traction alopecia as damage will be caused to the follicles. For this reason, before you begin any treatment plan, make sure you stop the pulling. In other words, you will need to alter the way you style your hair so you do not apply any pressure to the hair follicles.

Once the pulling has been stopped, you must care for the scalp so it will become healthy. If you use chemical colorants or relaxers on a regular basis, you will only further aggravate your traction alopecia. These harsh chemicals will not only irritate your already delicate scalp, but it will also often end in inflammation as the scalp attempts to protect itself from other abuse.

Infection is indicated by scalp conditions such as dandruff. Dandruff is easily treated but mainly caused by bacteria. There are many natural products you can use to treat dandruff including tea tree oil, rosemary, and neem leaves. You can find neem oil from trustworthy herbalists and they can be massaged right into the scalp. On the other hand, tea tree oil and rosemary must be mixed into carrier oils before going on the scalp. One highly recommended type of carrier oil is coconut oil because it is easily absorbed in the skin as it does not sit atop the scalp and block the follicles. You will find it is best to massage these oils into the scalp the night before you shampoo your hair in order to let the treatment work.

Washing your scalp and hair regularly is very important to remove bacteria, dirt, and grease. Make sure you wash your hair at least twice per week. If your hair is dry you should shampoo only once per week with a shampoo that is sulfate free, followed by a conditioner that is an eco wash. Fish oil supplements or consuming nuts such as almonds or macadamia will also help rid you of a dry scalp or skin conditions.

Have you ever heard the phrase ‘beauty is from within’? Well, nutrition is a key player in hair growth. For your scalp to produce healthy hairs, the scalp needs to receive the proper amounts of nutrition in the form of minerals and vitamins. The body does not view supplying the scalp nutrients as a priority like it would use them for primary functions; this is why you need to consume enough to have leftovers for other use. Keep in mind foods that are processed do not offer an adequate amount of nutrients. Therefore, it is important to increase your consumption of vegetables and fruits to achieve the required amounts. You should not stick to only one type of vegetable or fruit; instead you should eat a variety regularly. Make sure you include foods such as papaya, spinach, apples, broccoli, carrots, parsley, kale, peas, prunes, green beans, sweet peppers, kidney beans, and cabbage in your diet to make sure you are getting plenty of vitamins and minerals.

Since your hair is made up of so much protein, it is important to eat lean protein to assist the scalp in producing healthy hair. Lean sources of protein include seafood, chicken, fish, and turkey. Other sources of protein that have high amount of bio availability are eggs, cottage cheese, and other dairy products. If you are a vegetarian, forms of protein for you are found in seeds, soy, nuts, and beans.

Once you have your body receiving the proper amounts of nutrition, make sure it reaches the scalp. This will be achieved by doing neck exercises to boost circulation and massaging the scalp.

Flu Threat: Lessons from Past Pandemics (Part I)

Flu and the Immune System

Influenza ("flu") strikes every year and afflicts millions. Under normal circumstances, flu is not considered a general public health risk. Of course, any disease must be taken seriously for two reasons.

First of all, any disease, including flu, can become dangerous through complications.

But, let's also understand the far more important issue with regard to flu (and not just avian flu) … but disease in general. Every flu is a problem primarily because our immune system gets compromised through life's stresses. Put bluntly, flu is "caught" by people because their immune system is not functioning well.

Immune system dysfunction and weakening events from constant stress, constant threat of danger, constant deprivation of nutritional needs, and constant exposure to vicissitudes of life. Flu … even deadlier strains such as avian flu, can be the result.

Specifically, flu impacts us due to an under active immune system. This is true of many diseases such as cancer, Hepatitis B and C, TB, strep, shingles as well as flu. Other disease conditions are the result of an over active immune system.

What makes this an issue of late is the fact that only recently has science begun to understand the immune system, its complications, its sheer power to fend off disease conditions and its power to aid in the healing process.

Remember that as we introduce the potential of avian flu.

Avian Flu and Pandemics of the Past

To understand the avian flu threat, we need to understand flu pandemics of the past. Flu epidemics have been explosive and unusually deadly. In past centuries, flu probably spread so fast due to humans and animals living in close proximacy.

As you probably know, avian flu is a complex disease mutated from flu that kills birds. But, avian flu has mutated successfully to strike human life. Close proximate of animal and human life allows for such mutations to develop and spread.

Flu can spread like wildfire. The pandemic flu of 1580 began in Asia, spreading over all continents in less than a year. The flu engulfed all of Europe in less than six months.

That's the problem with flu breakouts. Flu pandemics hit like the proverbial flash flood. A highly contagious flu virus can hit populations that have little or no specific antibody immunizations to the disease, infect a quarter of the population, outstrip societal response capability, disrupting societal health and economy.

The fear today is that avian flu will strike suddenly and will spread globally in a matter of mere months.

There were three flu pandemics of the 20th century. They are well documented as to origin, spread, and impact. Those flu pandemics occurred in 1918-19, 1957-58, and 1968-69.

The flu pandemic of 1918-19 killed upwards of 40 million people. No doubt, society did not have the tools nor understanding to stop the plague. However, if ever there was an argument for immune debilitation, it's war weariness.

Almost every author who writes about this flu pandemic notes the fact the world was at war. But, that was not a mere footnote. It was a major contributor to society's incapacity to restrain, much less stop the flu plague.

War brings unique circumstances, to say the least. War brings a strain to everything including the immunity capacity of the survivors. If flu occurs in compromised immune systems, war guarantees the stress and deprivation which is often the prelude to plague:

"soldiers live in horrid conditions and return to a disrupted life but the effect on their immune system follows them into peace time … and plague,

"loss of loved ones brings its stresses to the emotions which affects the immune system,

"constant anxiety for soldiers and loved ones even though they return safely, brings its emotional traumas and immune system depletion,

"loss of hygienic conditions weakens resistance and breeds viral and bacterial conditions,

"depression economy partnerships poverty and its consequences to human quality of life,

"uncertainty of safe living conditions (bombing, terrorism, battle, mob actions)

during war takes its own toll on the body

"disrupted economies, making recovery long, difficult and uncertain,

"work hours longer and work conditions harsher, pay less,

"crime, destruction, barbarism frightening or actual,

"whole economics perish, trade and commerce uncertain,

"political uncertainties,

"peace often brings more severe dislocation and hardship (this was especially the case after World War I)

"all populations suffer nutritional deprivation, with few exceptions

When flu strikes after such conditions, scientists often misjudge the fact that the victims, deemed "healthy", really were compromised through the war and peace time consequences. The generation, which was victimized by the "Spanish flu" of 1918-1919, was in the age range of 15 – 35 … the very age which includes:

"Soldiers,

"single parents,

"factory workers,

"teens called upon to assume unusual responsibilities on the home front

"workers in their prime, needed on all fronts …

"medical and other service personnel exposed to a constant need for their services,

Their "after the war" physical let down is almost reminiscent of what happens to people after particularly long periods of stress … They fall prey to flu, colds, and infection.

Why the flu? To answer that question, consider the physical impact upon athletes from their workouts.

It is now known that after a heavy workout, whatever other benefits accrue to the body, there is one clear draw back. The oxidized radicals that formed take the body several days to get over … leaving the body open to radical damage and some internal harm. (See my article: "Antioxidants, Free Radicals, and Sports Nutrition"

New research suggests glyconutritional supplement taken before, during, and especially after workouts helps the body get over the radical burden in a matter of hours, not days.

Now, if recent research shows that athletic stress takes days to get over, often leaving damage to organs and tissues in its wake (especially if it is a habitual practice), why are we surprised at the massive flu fall after the First World War – a war which was worldwide in its scope, as was the flu pandemic which followed it?

Perhaps, before we consider avian flu in the second article, we should realize there is a strong scientific test that recognizes glyconutrition is a way to prepare and deal with the sunset of deadly flu … and potentially other pandemic possibilities.

Read the following testimony before Congress when doing further research on flu, avian or otherwise.

"In instances of abnormal, epidemic, or virulent infectious agent exposure, glyconutrient supplementation has been found effective for enhancing general immune functions and defense. much higher level that is effective against infectious agents. "

-Dr. H. Reginald McDaniel, "Comprehensive Medical Care for Bioterrorism Exposure"
Congressional Hearing, November 14, 2001
(emphasis ours)

Tamiflu – How Does Tamiflu Compare To Other Anti Flu Medications?

There are hardly any medicines that are available for treating flu. Among these Tamiflu is the only medication that is good in treating flu. Here I will be covering some of the symptoms of the flu. So this will tell you when you should take Tamiflu and what other medications are available for the flu.

Flu Symptoms

The symptoms for the flu are a sore throat. This is the beginning of the chapter called the flu. This may be either the common flu or the on set of the bird flu. But the sore throat will worsen to a condition where by you will know this is not just a sore throat but something worse than that. It is cobbled in the second chapter by high fever ranging to temperatures above a hundred degree Fahrenheit. And along with this as a sub section to the second chapter of the flu you will be having muscular pains, weakness, loss of appetite and a pain in the chest.

Introduction of Flu shot

This was how it was when the Spanish Influenza struck in the 1918’s. It took with it a number of people. The estimated loss of life was about 20 million all over the world. The flu shot was introduced. This is a vaccine against the common flu. People lost their lives not just due to the flu. The flu developed in to the pneumonia and this became a bacterial infection. It caused havoc and the result was that what we faced in the 1918’s. But a vaccine when the flu is on you will not be much of an effect. It had to be taken well before you are affected by the flu. The tablets available around that time were Amantadine and Rimantdine. Both these drugs had to be consumed as tablets. These drugs acted like this. They could stop the flu virus from duplicating itself after it had been inside the human cells. They could not mutate and form a group with which they could attack the body. But there were limitations for the drugs Amantadine and Rimantdine. They were effective against only Type ‘A’ influenza causing viruses. They were ineffective against the type “B” influenza virus. For this an alternative medicine was to be conjured.

New drugs: Tamiflu and Relenza

It was at the turn of this century that new drugs like Tamiflu and Relenza were formulated. They were effective against both the type “A” and the type “B” influenza causing viruses. They belonged to a separate class of medicines called the neuraminidase inhibitors. Tamiflu contained the drug Oseltamivir and Relenza was made of Zanamivir. Both these drugs worked in a similar way. They too could stop the particles of the virus from being released in to the human cells. This limited the spread of the infection.

The medicine Tamiflu is taken as a pill. It comes in the form of a capsule, a yellow grey capsule with seventy five milligram of the drug encompassed in it. There is another form also in which Tamiflu s supplied, it is the suspension form. This suspension form is for children. They are given the medication as per their weight. For a child weighing less than 33 pounds he / she are given thirty milligrams of the medication. All weight categories the medication is given in proper proportions.

Relenza is a drug that required an inhaler to take the drug. This drug is directly inhaled into the lungs. This drug was approved by the FDA at around the same time Tamiflu was approved. However, people who suffered from asthma and other respiratory related diseases faced fatalities after inhaling this drug. Experts in the field have weighed the options against the risk involved when taking this inhalation prescription drug. They have justified the risk involved against the risk of infection.

Tamiflu has been considered too expensive against the older drugs.

Stroke Recovery – All You Need To Know

I am saddened to think that stroke recovery is sometimes trapped in an outdated and dogmatic approach to help people with their stroke recovery. But the sad truth is unless you are one of the very fortunately ones, either geographically to be located next to a cutting edge stroke rehabilitation facility or the monetary means to afford such treatment, you are stuck with the stock standard cookie cutter approach to stroke treatment . And there is a good chance that it is stuck in the past.

Myths surrounding stroke recovery may be perpetuated by a number of factors. It seems that once something has been printed in a newspaper or magazine it is taken as a gospel. Many of the belief surrounding the brain have been around for a long time and despite new research dispelling the myth, it takes a long time for this to filter into mainstream belief systems. This can clearly be seen with all the out dated beliefs in the exercise and fitness world. This article will discuss three main myths surrounding stroke recovery. Firstly that the brain is set in stone and can not change. Secondly that there is only a small window of opportunity for stroke recovery to happen. And the last myth is that there are not better and more effective ways to perform stroke rehabilitation.

I can not believe that myth number one still gets any credence. Some people still feel that the brain is set in stone and can not change. We see the brain changing all the time and at every age. Every time we learn something new, the brain has changed. For example for you to learn a new skill such as like playing tennis requires your brain to change. As you improve, your co-ordination gets better, your speed improves and your accuracy sharpens all this must be reflected by changes in your brain and nervous system. The brain controls everything, and when changes happen like the previously mentioned tennis ones, the brain must have changed. This myth has been dispelled by science and neurology and as a far as I am concerned is really, pardon the pun, a no brainer to argument against.

Another commonly held myth about stroke recovery is that recovery can only happen in a small time period after the stroke and once that window is closed any further recovery is impossible. As a carry on from the point above, that the brain can change at anytime, this is once again just a myth. I do not discredit that making progress could be easier if stroke rehabilitation is started earlier but to say that it can not be made after a magical window has closed is forbidden. I have heard of some individuals 10 years after their stroke, who have been at a certain level of recovery and were then exposed to advanced stroke recovery methods and made more progress at that stage of their recovery than previously. The brain is capable of change at any time and if you are a stroke survivor and wanting more progress do not ever give up.

The last myth to discuss may not really be a myth as such but has more to do with the outdated and inefficient stroke recovery exercises that patients are given. The last 20 years has seen huge leaps forward in areas of brain research and subsequently stroke rehabilitation. The people at the top of stroke rehabilitation are doing some really ground breaking things. Unfortunately it takes time for this top end information to assimilate down to the masses, so as a consequence many stroke survivors do not get exposed to the best stroke recovery techniques like constraint induced therapy or mirror therapy.

Unfortunately there are many myths surrounding stroke recovery. I hope this article has helped to educate and open your mind up to the truth about your stroke rehabilitation and how you should be approaching it. At times stroke rehab can be a very daunting task, filled with too much science, jargon and technique that may be difficult to understand. I have made it my goal to try and make available the best stroke recovery techniques to stroke survivors, their family members, care givers and health care practitioners.

Penis Shrinking – Causes Of Penile Shrinkage And Why It Needs Help

If a man is worried about his penis shrinking, it’s generally quite a cause for concern. When a man is young and virile, his penis is living its best years. Sex is more fun, your penis seems to be as big and hard as it can get and you can go for longer in bed.

It’s only later on, in a man’s late 30s, 40s or afterwards that the penis shrinking kicks in, causing much confusion, despair and even panic.

The Causes Of Penis Shrinking

Penile shrinkage is when you lose some girth and length from the original size of your erect penis. Men also can lose size and weight from their penis in its flaccid state. The potential causes are quite simple to understand and you can find a remedy if you apply some natural techniques.

Weaker erections

Quite simply, most cases of a penis shrinking are related to erections becoming less hard as time goes on. Harder erections maximize the potential of your penis and increase the size of your erect member. When your erections are hard and powerful, your penis will seem bigger. This is because it is bigger!

As a man ages, levels of the main sex hormone, testosterone, decline and he may experience weaker erections and weight gain. This is what makes the penis smaller than before. Fortunately, this process can be reversed.

Poor blood circulation

As the years pass, a man eats more, drinks more and sometimes smokes. The penis depends on adequate blood circulation for strong erections. Fats can build up in the blood vessels and prevent blood from reaching the penis. Smoking can restrict blood flow and affect libido negatively. A lack of erections can cause blood circulation to become weak in the penile area over time.

Low testosterone

The male hormone, testosterone, declines in men after the age of 30 and can reach unacceptably low levels in men with a number of negative symptoms including the penis shrinking.

Steroids

Anabolic steroids can cause the testicles to effectively shut down as the body starts to depend on steroids instead of natural testosterone. To some extent, penile shrinkage can also be a consequence of steroids.

Testosterone treatment

Men have reported that testosterone injections can cause their testicles to shut down and shrink, in the same way that steroids do. The penis and erection quality can also be affected to some extent.

Solutions For The Penis Shrinking

Now you know about the causes of penile shrinkage, we get to the interesting part, the solutions. You’ll be pleased to find out that you can reverse penis shrinking and although it may take a few weeks or a couple of months, it is absolutely possible.

Boost testosterone

Taking a supplement for boosting testosterone naturally in your body is the first step towards growing your penis back to a healthy normal size again. Choosing a high quality supplement is a great place to start your energy back on the road to recovery and harder erections.

You can also exercise. Train your muscles 3 times a week and do some cardio exercise at least 3 times per week and get out in the sunshine more often. Eat more cabbage, broccoli and cauliflower for best results.

Penile Massage

You may have heard of penile massage for improving blood circulation in the penile area. This is quite easy for you to do in an erect or a flaccid state. You’ll need to massage especially around your perineum and the base of your penis, paying careful attention to increase blood flow in the penile chambers.

Penile massage is great for improving blood circulation and increasing erection quality. The way you perform penile massage is very important to your penile shrinkage problem. Doing it the right way could save you weeks of penis panic. It’s really worth paying some attention to following the methods correctly to get optimal results.

Improving Lifestyle

Your lifestyle can be dramatically improved by tweaking a few aspects of it and increasing vitality and health levels. This will help to boost your erections, make your penis seem bigger and help you to feel confident again. Eat more organic food and avoid packaged food that has come into contact with plastic. Some plastics actually leech chemicals which can have a dampening effect on male testosterone levels.

Reduce your intake of white carbs and eat more vegetables, lean white meats, eggs and fish. Get into shape and detox your body in whatever way possible.

The causes of your penis shrinking are probably more to do with male hormones rather than any disease or problem you think you may have. Address the root cause of the problem by following the above advice and you’ll reverse your penile shrinkage in just a few weeks.

Beating The Odds Of Developing Glaucoma – With All Natural Approaches

Glaucoma is a potentially, and very serious, threatening eye disease that can rob you of your ability to see. It is often called the ‘sneak thief’ of vision for a valid reason. For many people, years often pass with no noticeable affects of having glaucoma before a vision loss is finally noticed.

Glaucoma is a frightening eye disease that slowly, methodically, and inconspicuously damages the optic nerve, the main cable from the eye to the brain, that allows you to see.

Suddenly, a very precious gift, your eyesight, has been stolen. And, unfortunately, as in the case of glaucoma, there is no way to restore it again. This is an eye disease that is one of the leading causes of preventable blindness in the world.

It is estimated that nearly 67 million people worldwide are affected by this dangerous eye disease, and this is projected to exceed 80 million in the next 10 to 15 years. In the United States, according to ‘Prevent Blindness America’, more than 3 million people have glaucoma, and only half of them are even aware of it.

A recent survey conducted by the ‘Lions Club’, about 75 percent of glaucoma patients surveyed were not aware that their vision loss was a result of glaucoma until it was diagnosed by their doctors.

There are two main types of glaucoma, acute or closed-angle, and primary open-angle, both have similar symptoms. General symptoms that can be noticed are; loss of side vision, reduction of over-all vision, poor night vision, eye pressure pain, and a frequent need to upgrade or change eyeglass lens prescriptions.

Although this eye condition can occur in people with normal eye pressure, elevated eye pressure is the main risk factor signaling a glaucoma warning. This eye disease, however, appears to be more complicated than just having an elevated eye pressure alone.

The most common type of glaucoma is primary open-angle. It is usually detected early in a person’s life, somewhere between the late 20’s and early 30’s. Those who wear eyeglasses, or contacts, usually schedule regular eye exams to determine if there is a need to change their prescription lenses. But, individuals who do not wear vision correction eye wear in their younger years may be those who are susceptible, over age 40, for developing this disease unawares.

There is also two other common causes of vision impairment, or loss, in those over 40, age-related macular degeneration and cataracts. Reducing your risks of ever developing any of these three eye diseases, in the first place, can greatly be reduced with better lifestyle choices and healthier eating habits

Currently, the only widely accepted conventional treatment for lowering elevated eye pressure is with prescription eye drops. You will, most likely, not get any sort of objective information from your eye doctor on any other types of natural intervention options, as chemical drug treatments are all they have ever been taught to administer.

Age seems to be the single most important risk factor, out of many, for getting any of the three eye conditions mentioned above. Eye muscles, though, are no different than other muscles throughout your body, as they really do not just wear out prematurely. In all probability, they most likely begin to sag from lack of use, and a lack of regular proper daily nutrition. Processed foods, and sedentary lifestyles equals sagging muscle tone and poor muscle posture.

This is just as relevant to eye muscles, as well as other muscles throughout the entire body, in that the end results are limited vision capabilities.

Improving your body’s daily dietary nutritional requirements, and adding regular physical fitness lifestyle changes are very beneficial to maintaining optimal eye health. Other natural alternative tools like eye muscle exercises and managing stress are proven techniques you can begin implementing now, to strengthen your vision in the near future.

You can protect, strengthen, and maintain your eye vision with improved lifestyle habits such as,

1. Reduce or eliminate your use of unhealthy polyunsaturated vegetable oils

2. Include a limited use of monounsaturated oils (olive oil), increase saturated fats (coconut oil),
and increase omega-3 essential fatty acids (fish, flax, walnuts)

3. Increase antioxidant intakes with more fresh, raw, fruits and vegetables

4. Avoid all processed foods containing MSG preparations

5. Reduce or eliminate refined sugars, grains, and artificial sweeteners (big sight stealers)

6. Lead an active lifestyle, regular physical exercise lowers your risk by 70 percent of developing any type of degenerative eye condition

7. Increase your pure water intake, along with small amounts of unrefined salt, making water three-fourths of what you drink everyday

This last lifestyle tip helps lower blood pressure naturally, too. Although there is no conclusive evidence that links high blood pressure to glaucoma, those who do have this tendency to develop this eye condition, have a 30 percent likelihood of having high blood pressure as well.

In an excerpt from “Your Body’s Many Cries For Water”, by Dr. F. Batmanghelidj M.D., page 75, Dr. B. states, “It so happens, if we do not drink sufficient water, the only other way the body has to secure water is through the mechanism of keeping sodium (salt) in the body. Thus, keeping sodium in the body is a last resort way of retaining some water for it’s ‘shower head’ filtered use”.

Therefore, it makes a reasonable amount of sense, at least to me, that glaucoma, or the increased eye pressure associated with it, could be noticeably reduced with proper water and salt intakes.

A dear friend of mine, who has not developed full-blown glaucoma yet, and has not yet resorted to prescription eye drop treatment, has successfully lowered his eye pressure levels, just by increasing his daily water intake, and adding unrefined salt to his daily diet Even his eye doctor was pleasantly surprised, and so was my friend, with a lowered eye pressure reading. Imagine the implications of making only one dietary change, here. What are the possibilities of adding a few other natural alternatives to further compliment one another?

These strategies may, also, work well for you too, my friend, if you have been searching for more natural ways to lower your eye pressure readings. Certainly, it will not hurt to give any of them try.

Hopefully there are some natural tips you can use, here, that will help some of you gain more control in improving one of life’s most precious gifts, your eye sight!

How to Stop Stammering

If you want to put an end to your stammering on your own, not having to rely on pathologists and professional therapists to help you, there are only two things you need to remember. First of all, your perceptions, attitude and feelings regarding your stutter. Second, you must change your behavior connected to the stammer.

To change those perceptions, attitudes and feelings, you have to do something to lessen, or even remove, your fear of speaking in front of others, of the mingling in social life, and of making yourself look like a fool. In other words, you must overcome your urge to avoid situations where someone may expect you to speak, whether as a guest speaker or as part of a group.

As a matter of fact, you need to make a real effort, as often as you can, to speak out. To stop stammering, more often than not practice is a great way. As an example, use one of your daily activities like coffee break at work, as an opportunity to practice your speech patterns.

Even a small thing like asking a complete stranger for directions can be a way to ease your anger and fear of speaking to others. And by having enough self-love and a grown self-confidence will definitely take you a long way toward recovery!

The abnormal behaviors that are connected to your stammering takes more effort to change, but it's very effective in self-therapy. You have to familiarize yourself with the primary and secondary behaviors that occurs every time you stammer.

These are behaviors that includes prolongations, repetitions and blocks (primary) and also loss of eye contact, jerking with the head, and the use of filler words, such as "ah" and "you know" (secondary). These are behaviors that you need to take control over.

Let me give an example. To stop stammering while you talk to a superior, try and gather your thoughts before you speak. Maintain eye contact and speak slowly and clearly. And pay attention to your speech patterns, especially the use of filler words.

In fact, the road down to stop stammering can be reduced to two things: changing your mental attitude and taking control over your physical behavior. In time, you will find that your speech patterns will be normal.

Optical Glaucoma

Glaucoma is a group of eye diseases that are characterized by pressure that is too high for the optic nerve to withstand. The optic nerve is crucial in sight, as it is the nerve that sends all of the images created by the eye to the brain. Given its cruciality, damage to the nerve from glaucoma results first the loss of peripheral vision, and then central vision. Glaucoma can be treated in many different fashions with medication and often times surgery is required to stop it from completely damaging the optic nerve.

Glaucoma develops at a different rate for every individual, meaning that one individual might experience nerve damage from a relatively low amount of pressure, while another individual might have noticeably higher pressure and yet be able to withstand it for years without developing any damage.

There is several different types of glaucoma with the most commong type being: primary open angle glaucoma (POAG). POAG is dubbed the "sneak thief of sight" because it typically has no symptoms. Another type of glaucoma is acute angle-closure glaucoma, which is commonly characterized by an acute rise in the intraocular pressure. Acute angle-closure glaucoma occurs in eyes that are vulernible as the pupil dilates, thus blocking the flow of fluid through it. Acute angle-closure glaucoma will generally cause pain and blurred vision, and in more extreme cases leads to irreversible visual loss within a short time. In such cases immediate treatment is required.

Some symptoms of the disease are: halos around bright lights as well as the loss of sight (slowly or rapidly). If you suspect that you or someone you know is affected with glaucoma it is extremely important to have it checked out by an eye doctor immediately because untreated glaucoma can result in total loss of sight.

How to Treat Skin Fungus

The presence of skin fungus can be easily noticed. There are changes on the skin which include discoloration, patches, and presence of flakes. Some problems caused by skin fungus are tinea versicolor, athlete's foot, ring worm, and others.

The question now is, "How to cure skin fungus"? If you do not want to consult your dermatologist, you can still get rid of them through the following methods.

• For tinea versicolor, use salicylic acid. Pour some amount on a cotton swab and rub it on the affected areas. Do it regularly. You'll see that it will diminish over time.
• A good herbal medicine is Acapulco leaf. Crush it until you squeeze its juice. Then rub it on the affected area.
• Selsun Blue or any other anti-dandruff shampoo can also be used. Apply a small amount on the area and leave it for 10 minutes. Wash it off with water. Do this daily.
• For ringworm, take over-the-counter treatment like Tinactin, Lotrimin, and Nizoral. These products usually come in cream.
• For athlete's foot, soak your feet in a solution of 1 part vinegar and 4 parts warm water. Do this twice a day.
• Baking soda paste also helps in eliminating the problem. Apply baking soda paste on your feet and let it dry then wash it off with water.
• Applying cornstarch on your feet before putting on socks can be of great help, too. It will keep your feet dry.
• For eczema, dandelion, pau d'arco, and red clover are useful. They can be used as tea or can be taken in capsule form.

Get your skin fungus treated before it's too late.

Issues With Being Overweight During Pregnancy

Overweight is described as having a body mass index or BMI of 25 or more. Though a person requires a certain amount of body fat, an excess of it could alter the normal functioning of the body systems and therefore put you at risk of having health problems. During pregnancy, there are many changes that occur in the body and being overweight increases the risk of having complications. Some of the issues with being overweight during pregnancy include gestational diabetes, high blood pressure, difficulties during prenatal examinations, delivery problems, and birth defects.

Gestational diabetes is a condition in which there is increased blood glucose level during pregnancy due to hormonal changes taking place in the body. The ability to properly utilize insulin during pregnancy diminishes resulting in insulin resistance, which leads to high blood glucose levels. This condition usually exhibits mild symptoms and may not be life threatening as the glucose level often goes back to normal after delivery.

Another issue is high blood pressure. Blood pressure usually increases during pregnancy but is well compensated in healthy pregnant women. However, overweight women have higher risks of developing gestational hypertension, a condition in which the blood pressure runs very high during pregnancy. This usually resolves after childbirth. However, it can lead to pre-eclampsia which is a severe condition of having high blood pressure, presence of protein in the urine as well as edema (swollen body parts). This does not only affect the mother, but it can also endanger the life of the baby. Very high blood pressure prevents the baby from acquiring adequate blood and oxygen, and this may lead to stillbirth.

Obese pregnant women are difficult-to-examine patients. The extra body fat limits the visualization of the fetus during ultrasound. The doctor may have a difficulty locating the fetal heart tones, and may miss out potential problems such as breech presentation, abnormal fetal growth, or reduced amniotic fluid.

Being overweight during pregnancy also raises the chance of the pregnant women having a cesarean delivery due to the multiple issues associated with it. Cesarean section is a major surgery, and it involves induction of anesthesia, which is difficult to perform in obese women. The reaction to the anesthesia itself could also threaten the life of the mother as it could drop the blood pressure rapidly. The risks and complications of cesarean section also include infection, increased blood loss, abnormal bowel or bladder function, adjacent organ injuries, or even death. Cesarean delivery also puts the newborns at risk of being born prematurely for having an inaccurate calculation, breathing difficulties, low Apgar scores, fetal injury, or other problems requiring prolonged intensive care.

In addition, being overweight during pregnancy also raises the issue among the newborns potentially becoming obese in their childhood and having birth defects such spinal cord, brain and heart defects.

With all these issues with being overweight during pregnancy, it is important for pregnant women to have prenatal checkups so that their doctors can monitor them and their babies properly, and so that they will be given appropriate instructions regarding proper diet and exercise. They must also be compliant with their doctors’ recommendations to make sure they have a healthy baby and to help them stay fit not only during pregnancy but also after delivery.

Epilepsy – Living With Intractable Refractory Diagnosis and What That Means

Intractable Refractory Epilepsy (IRE) is a diagnosis, made only after all available treatments have been tried and all have failed – the person continues to suffer from seizure activity. The amount and frequency of seizures will differ from one person to another.

In any case though, life is drastically different for people with this diagnosis than the average person realizes. While it is hard to wrap one's mind around the effects of intractable refractory epilepsy, it is even more difficult to comprehend the full impact this diagnosis has on daily life.

The person with intractable refractory epilepsy will never:

  • Be able to drive a motor vehicle. Most states require a person be seizure free a minimum of six month. This is verified by written report from the person's doctor for obvious reasons. Motorcycles are strictly off limits. Even a go-cart can be deadly for someone with IRE.
  • Be able to seek or maintain gainful employment in most industries that require – the operation of any machinery, sharp utensils, handling of glass, hot liquids, precision of touch, abstract thinking, climbing. Or involve strong odors, flashing lights, sharp or sudden noise, extreme temperatures, the list looks to be endless. Even specifically jobs developed and aimed towards the handicapped will most often preclude any opportunities for those with a diagnosis of this type epilepsy.

Imagine never being able to take a bath, unless someone is right next to you. Nor can you take a shower in privacy. Never going on a walk, unless accompanied by a companion. Even visiting amusement parks can be a seizure trigger. No rides that have sudden movements or move too fast, too high, too loud or flashing lights. Snow or water skiing are big no-nos without having someone in tandem. Riding a bike is even dangerous for people with intractable refractory epilepsy.

Cooking is dangerous for obvious and not so obvious reasons: danger of hot oils or food, heat and fires, blenders and mixers, knives, glassware and more. Whether dropping these items, falling upon these items, or flinging these items during a seizure; all possess the potential for deadly consequences – or at the least, disfiguring and maiming consequences.

Even in the privacy of their own rooms, there is no privacy. Someone is either watching or at the least, listening at all times. Sporting events, watching movies, even walking can be a life threatening danger for people with this diagnosis.

For women diagnosed with this condition, the possibility or potential for giving birth is next to none. Many are on volatile medications, some of which cause birth defects. Even removing or barring those risks, there remains high risk and low probability for carrying to full term due to hormonal fluctuations. Changes in hormone levels often trigger seizure onslaughts.

Sexual relationships are even a 'stretch of the imagination' for women and men with this diagnosis. Stimulation and arousal, changes in blood pressure and endorphins which trigger emotional reactions cause chemical changes in the body, thus causing changes in brain activity. All of which can trigger seizure activity.

Imagine for a moment … being dependent on another person for almost every need you might have. While they are not alone in their circumstances, their special needs tend to be overlooked and under funded. Accommodations must be made for the immobile person which requires wheelchairs, walkers and so forth. But, for these individuals, the gaps and gaping cracks in services, considerations, awareness and legal recourse are the equivalent of trying to cross oceans without a boat or so much as a life preserver.

To fully grasp the reality of this diagnosis is impossible for anyone who has not deal with it personally. But, to get a better idea of what these people face I suggest the following :

Spend just one day trying to function under the shadow of a companion. Whether it's your morning shower or simply eating breakfast. What about getting out of the house and going somewhere? Did you remember to carry your medical information with you? How about some extra clothes? And odor sealing bag for soiled clothes, if necessary. Yes, this is also a reality for people with this diagnosis.

Now, imagine again – you are in the store shopping one moment, then the next thing you know, you are lying on the floor [most likely with soiled clothes] and people are standing over you. You hear them speaking, but the words make no sense. You try to speak back, but only garbled syllables come out of your mouth. At first, you are trying to figure out where you are or what you were doing. Slowly it dawns on you what must have just happened – you had a seizure. If this is not disturbing enough, you must now make your way to the public restroom and clean yourself up. Aware of all the onlookers and 'calls' for 'cleanup' might also be heard over the PA system. Making a quiet or discrete exit is impossible.

People with IRE will not even have the benefit of leaving under the cover of medical assistance [ambulance]. You see, with this diagnosis, more often than not, it is up to the caregiver accompanying them to attend their medical needs. Calling an ambulance every time they have a seizure is not only impractical, but is most often not considered a 'covered' medical emergency.

Unlike all other seizure disorders, regular seizures are anticipated and considered 'normal' for the person with this diagnosis. Although there are trials going on that hold some promise, the person with IRE can only live each day to the utmost until a cure is found.

I hope this glimmer of insight has given you some idea of ​​what a person with intractable refractory epilepsy deals with on a day to day basis, and over their life times.

Copyright 2009

Neonatal Hepatitis

Hepatitis is an inflammation of the liver that can be caused by numerous viruses, diseases or environmental conditions that cause the liver to become inflamed. When hepatitis occurs in infancy, this is called "neonatal hepatitis."

Twenty percent of neonatal hepatitis is caused by a virus that was passed from mother to child either before birth or shortlyly thereafter. In eighty percent of the cases of hepatitis medical experts are unable to determine the exact cause; however, it is suspected that these cases were also caused from some type of viral infection.

Viruses that Cause Neonatal Hepatitis

"Cytomegalovirus" or "CMV" is one of the viruses that are responsible for causing neonatal hepatitis in some infants and is the most common type of virus that is passed on from a mother to their unborn child during pregnancy. Other viruses that can be passed from mother to child during pregnancy causing neonatal hepatitis include, measles (rubella), and hepatitis viruses including A, B, or C.

In many cases of hepatitis where the exact cause is undetermined, a biopsy of the liver will be done. This biopsy will often show the presence of "giant cell hepatitis" which is characterized by four of five normal cells of the liver combining to form one cell that is still functional, however, it does not perform as well as the normal smaller liver cells.

Symptoms and Complications that can occur with Neonatal Hepatitis

The primary symptom that occurs when an infant has neonatal hepatitis is jaundice which causes the skin and the whites of the eyes to become a yellowish color. This condition is caused by the bile ducts of the liver becoming inflamed or swollen blocking the flow of bile to the digestive system causing it to become backed up and enter the blood stream.

For this reason, neonatal hepatitis causes some of the same or very similar symptoms to another liver disease that is primarily seen in infants called "biliary atresia", however, the spleen will become enlarged in neonatal hepatitis but typically will not with biliaty atresia. This symptom of an enlarged spleen and laboratory tests including a liver biopsy is what is used to determine and confirm a diagnosis of these diseases as opposed to biliary atresia.

Infants with neonatal hepatitis will also have a delay in growth and will not gain weight at a normal rate due to the fact that they are unable to absorb the necessary vitamins and nutrients needed for growth.

Most infants will recover from giant cell hepatitis and may have little or no scar tissue develop on the liver; however, about twenty percent of infants who have giant cell hepatitis will develop liver disease that is chronic causing permanent damage to the liver by the formation of scar tissue and will require a liver transplant at some point in time. In cases where the neonatal hepatitis was caused by the viruses cytomegalovirus or rubella, there is the potential for an infection to occur in the brain that may cause cerebral palsy or mental retardation.

Treatment for Neonatal Hepatitis

In infants who have developed neonatal hepatitis due to the hepatitis A virus, this condition will typically clear on its own within a six month period of time, however, when the hepatitis is caused by the hepatitis B and C viruses, this will likely cause liver disease that is chronic resulting in cirrhosis that will require a liver transplant in the future.

Infants will typically be prescribed vitamin supplements and phenobarbital that will increase the production of bile within the liver as well as a special formula that contains fats that are easier to digest.

There is the potential for infants who have developed neonatal hepatitis due to the A, B, or C hepatitis viruses, rubella, or CMV to pass this virus to others. It is essential for pregnant women to avoid coming into contact with an infant who is infected as there is the potential that they may pass this virus to there unborn child.

How to Display Pictures Well

Everyone wants an attractive comfortable home, but with a lot of possessions to store or display it can be a balancing act between a cluttered look and the "just right" feeling. Good storage is important to help you stay organized and your household running efficiently. However, storage does not just mean tuck items out of sight. A good storage option is to show items that will offer your room personality, whether it's functional or purely for show, like a jeweled picture frame.

As far as storage methods go, everyone has different needs. The same thing does not work for everyone, but there are still a few guidelines that just about anyone can discover to be useful. Possibly the most important tip to get into your head is that you need to declutter. If there's something that you really never use, then you should throw it out so that the things you really must have can be organized well. This means going through everything you have and giving away, donating, or even selling those things you simply do not use. The happy feeling you get when you do this just might surprise you. If you really like it, keep it, but if you are not sure about it, get rid of it.

Everybody's taste in design is different, just like everyone's storage needs. Your display bought to reflect your personality and likes and dislikes, so go with your intuition when arranging your display. Try and think of a display that you typically liked. What was its arrangement? In all probability it considered of repeated themes and things that related to each other. Displaying odd amounts of items together is more pleasing to the eye. When you display items like square gallery picture frames that match in a series, it shows a theme and adds appealing to your arrangement of pictures.

If you simply put things randomly around your room or carelessly suspend pictures on your wall it will not be nearly attractive as it would be if you look at your presentation with the perspective of an artist. One classic theme to go with is arranging things together by color or shape. If you have a big wall space then the perfect thing to fill it with is picture shelves as well as floating shelves. You might even consider bookcases and leave open shelves for picture frames and other favorite objects. These kinds of displays are wonderful because whatever you choose to do right now can be changed in the future to indicate your current mood or new interests.

Make a display on your wall from gallery photos to display your family. You could either use a wide range of styles and shades of picture frames, or you could use the exact same style and color of picture frame for each picture. Make sure you connect them with some kind of similarity though so that they look like they all work well together well. Installing your frames in a random arrangement will allow you to easily add to your display. There are numerous eye pleasing arrangements for wall photo displays and you can create a colorful and creative arrangement with your selection of matting and frame material.

If you'd rather not create a wall display, you can arrange your photo gallery on a table using picture frames that have easel back stands. If you are short on table space, basic double picture frames and triple picture frames are fantastic for creating a picture gallery in limited space. Another excellent option for presenting your photos is a "coffee table" arrangement. Share your photos with all of your loved ones by putting either a beautiful photo album or an embellished box of photos on the table.

Keep in mind that protecting your framed photos by keeping them out of moisture and harsh sunlight is very critical. You may also make sure your photos will not stick to the frame's glass by using acid free mats that are good museum quality.

Put these suggestions into action when you decorate and you're sure to love the results.

How to Help a Sore Throat With Herbs and Natural Treatments

A sore throat can make life unpleasant, whether you are an adult, or a parent caring for a child. Most sore throats respond well to natural treatments, potentially alleviating pain and discomfort, as well as reducing throat inflammation.

A sore throat is usually the result of inflammation, and can result in soreness extending from the back of the mouth to the middle of the throat. A sore throat is a symptom, not a condition on its own. The soreness arises from an undercoming inflammation or infection, and in some cases may need a visit to your doctor and some medication. The body responds to the infection by sending blood and white blood cells, causing redness, pain and swelling. Very uncomfortable!

Allergies, bacterial and viral infections can all cause a sore throat. The virus causing the infection and inflammation may actually be attacking the throat itself via the mucus membranes. Post-nasal drips further cause inflammation and discomfort. A strep throat will normally require a visit to the doctor and you may need antibiotics.

Viral infections develop over a few days, and are different to bacterial infections which can come on very quickly, sometimes in hours. Bacterial infections can cause quite severe pain and may include a fever.

Apart from a visit to a doctor for medications if required, and to rule out tonsillitis, some herbal treatments may help by strengthening your immune system, healing the inflamed tissues and lessening the pain.

Vitamin C can help the body fight upper respiratory infections which may cause colds. Anything up to 1000mg a day could help.

Vitamin A may help with healing the mucus membranes in the throat, and herbs such as echinacea and garlic are thought to have antiviral and antibacterial properties.

Zinc has long been thought to help the body's natural immune system, and to function as a natural antibiotic. Studies have shown zinc may shorten the length of time you have a sore throat.

A tea made of slippery elm or marshmallow root may make swallowing easier and relieve some of the pain from the sore throat. Slippery elm contains compounds which coat the throat, and is available in lozenge form from a drugstore, chemist or supermarket.

Gargling several times a day can help your sore throat heal. Warm salty water may be useful, as may a tea of ​​equal parts slippery elm, raspberry leaf, goldenseal and licorice in a cup of warm water.

Thyroid Cure

Hypothyroidism occurs when your thyroid gland fails to produce enough thyroid hormone. This could be a problem with the thyroid gland itself, or it could have to do with the hypothalamus or pituitary hormone. Both of these stimulate the production of the thyroid hormone. Hypothyroidism disease is an endocrine disorder which is quite common and is seen more in men than in women.

If you are wondering what causes hypothyroidism, most of the cases, around 95% or more, are caused from a problem in the thyroid gland. About 5% or less are caused by a pituitary gland problem or problem in the brain. Causes can include interference from drugs, radiation, treatment postpartum thyroiditis, subacute thyroiditis, treatment of thyroid tumors and a condition called Hashimoto's thyroiditis.

Symptoms of Hypothyroidism

Symptoms of hypothyroidism many times are subtle. They are not specific, meaning they might look like symptoms of other conditions, and they are often attributed to aging. People who have mild hypothyroidism may not even have any symptoms or signs. As the condition gets worse, the symptoms will usually become more apparent. The bulk of the complaints from this disease are in relation to the metabolic slowing of the body.

Digestive Symptoms – Even with loss of appetite, hypothyroidism can cause mild to moderate weight gain. It can also be the cause of constipation. Patients suffering from this disease can experience severe edema, especially in their lower extremities due to the weight gain mainly being fluid in nature.

Fatigue – A very common symptom, fatigue and also loss of energy will likely be seen when you have hypothyroidism. Plus, this may include low mental energy, which can lead to problems with your memory or concentration.

Sensory Disturbances – Decreased hearing, numbness or tingling in your feet and hands, plus blurred vision are also possible symptoms. Also not uncommon is an intolerance to cold or feeling cold even in warmer temperatures.

Dermatological – You may also see less perspiration, hair loss, and dry hair and skin with hypothyroidism.

Psychological Symptoms – Mood swings, depression and cognitive impairment can all point to this disease.

Pain – Joints and muscles may be achy or in pain, plus you can have feelings of muscle weakness. You could even experience muscle swelling.

Fertility – The inability to conceive and irregularities in menstrual cycles can also occur due to hypothyroidism.

Other symptoms of hypothyroidism can include the yellowing of your skin, brittle nails, hoarseness and a rise in your cholesterol levels.

Symptoms in Children, Teens and Infants

Hypothyroidism is rare in these age groups, but it can occur. For infants, symptoms can include choking on food and a poor appetite. It can also include scaly, dry skin. For teens and children the symptoms are behavioral and also changes in performance at school. They may also gain weight but have a low growth rate. Teens can also have delayed puberty and look a lot younger than their real age.

Progression of the Disease

As the disease progresses and becomes more severe, you may see puffiness around your eyes, a decrease in body temperature, your heart rate getting slower and also heart failure. At its worst, severe hypothyroidism can even lead to a life-threatening coma, or myxedema coma. This coma can be triggered because of a severe illness, stress, surgery or a traumatic injury. The patient then requires hospitalization and treatment right away with thyroid hormones by injection.

With the hypothyroidism tests and the right diagnosis, this disease can be easily easily and completely with thyroid hormone replacement. However, hypothyroidism that goes untreated can lead to cardiomyopathy, or a heart which is enlarged, which worsens your chance of your heart failing, and also pleural effusion, or the collection of fluid around your lungs.

Typically, the severity of your symptoms will depend on your age, how long you've had hypothyroidism and how serious your condition is. Your symptoms could be so mild and going so slowly that you do not notice them for many years. The older you get, however, the likelier you are to notice the symptoms.