How to Treat Traction Alopecia Naturally

Traction alopecia is not caused by changes in the body’s hormones as other forms of hair loss are. Traction alopecia, on the other hand, is mechanically induced and is a form of hair loss that can not only be successfully treated if it is caught soon enough, but it can also be prevented. This form of hair loss occurs often around the crown of the head and the hair line. These are both areas that tend to suffer much pressure from tight hairstyles. It’s worth mentioning that traction alopecia can also lead to hair thinning in other areas, especially those areas where hair extensions have been used constantly through the years.

There is no surprise consumers become upset when their hair does not begin to grow back because there are many hair products on the market whose labels claim that the product boosts hair growth. When hair is lost to traction alopecia, make sure you maintain dedication and patience as re-growing your hair will be tedious but does not require a lot of hair products that won’t work anyway.

Hair can be compared to a plant that grows in soil, which in hair’s case is actually the scalp. For the plant to grow healthy and strong it requires soil that supplies it with essential nutrients. In this case, you must first care for your scalp when trying to re-grow hair that was lost to traction alopecia. If your scalp is unhealthy, it will have very little to no change at all of producing new hair, much less healthy hair. If you repeatedly pull on your hair and place stress on your hair follicles, it will eventually result in traction alopecia as damage will be caused to the follicles. For this reason, before you begin any treatment plan, make sure you stop the pulling. In other words, you will need to alter the way you style your hair so you do not apply any pressure to the hair follicles.

Once the pulling has been stopped, you must care for the scalp so it will become healthy. If you use chemical colorants or relaxers on a regular basis, you will only further aggravate your traction alopecia. These harsh chemicals will not only irritate your already delicate scalp, but it will also often end in inflammation as the scalp attempts to protect itself from other abuse.

Infection is indicated by scalp conditions such as dandruff. Dandruff is easily treated but mainly caused by bacteria. There are many natural products you can use to treat dandruff including tea tree oil, rosemary, and neem leaves. You can find neem oil from trustworthy herbalists and they can be massaged right into the scalp. On the other hand, tea tree oil and rosemary must be mixed into carrier oils before going on the scalp. One highly recommended type of carrier oil is coconut oil because it is easily absorbed in the skin as it does not sit atop the scalp and block the follicles. You will find it is best to massage these oils into the scalp the night before you shampoo your hair in order to let the treatment work.

Washing your scalp and hair regularly is very important to remove bacteria, dirt, and grease. Make sure you wash your hair at least twice per week. If your hair is dry you should shampoo only once per week with a shampoo that is sulfate free, followed by a conditioner that is an eco wash. Fish oil supplements or consuming nuts such as almonds or macadamia will also help rid you of a dry scalp or skin conditions.

Have you ever heard the phrase ‘beauty is from within’? Well, nutrition is a key player in hair growth. For your scalp to produce healthy hairs, the scalp needs to receive the proper amounts of nutrition in the form of minerals and vitamins. The body does not view supplying the scalp nutrients as a priority like it would use them for primary functions; this is why you need to consume enough to have leftovers for other use. Keep in mind foods that are processed do not offer an adequate amount of nutrients. Therefore, it is important to increase your consumption of vegetables and fruits to achieve the required amounts. You should not stick to only one type of vegetable or fruit; instead you should eat a variety regularly. Make sure you include foods such as papaya, spinach, apples, broccoli, carrots, parsley, kale, peas, prunes, green beans, sweet peppers, kidney beans, and cabbage in your diet to make sure you are getting plenty of vitamins and minerals.

Since your hair is made up of so much protein, it is important to eat lean protein to assist the scalp in producing healthy hair. Lean sources of protein include seafood, chicken, fish, and turkey. Other sources of protein that have high amount of bio availability are eggs, cottage cheese, and other dairy products. If you are a vegetarian, forms of protein for you are found in seeds, soy, nuts, and beans.

Once you have your body receiving the proper amounts of nutrition, make sure it reaches the scalp. This will be achieved by doing neck exercises to boost circulation and massaging the scalp.

Flu Threat: Lessons from Past Pandemics (Part I)

Flu and the Immune System

Influenza ("flu") strikes every year and afflicts millions. Under normal circumstances, flu is not considered a general public health risk. Of course, any disease must be taken seriously for two reasons.

First of all, any disease, including flu, can become dangerous through complications.

But, let's also understand the far more important issue with regard to flu (and not just avian flu) … but disease in general. Every flu is a problem primarily because our immune system gets compromised through life's stresses. Put bluntly, flu is "caught" by people because their immune system is not functioning well.

Immune system dysfunction and weakening events from constant stress, constant threat of danger, constant deprivation of nutritional needs, and constant exposure to vicissitudes of life. Flu … even deadlier strains such as avian flu, can be the result.

Specifically, flu impacts us due to an under active immune system. This is true of many diseases such as cancer, Hepatitis B and C, TB, strep, shingles as well as flu. Other disease conditions are the result of an over active immune system.

What makes this an issue of late is the fact that only recently has science begun to understand the immune system, its complications, its sheer power to fend off disease conditions and its power to aid in the healing process.

Remember that as we introduce the potential of avian flu.

Avian Flu and Pandemics of the Past

To understand the avian flu threat, we need to understand flu pandemics of the past. Flu epidemics have been explosive and unusually deadly. In past centuries, flu probably spread so fast due to humans and animals living in close proximacy.

As you probably know, avian flu is a complex disease mutated from flu that kills birds. But, avian flu has mutated successfully to strike human life. Close proximate of animal and human life allows for such mutations to develop and spread.

Flu can spread like wildfire. The pandemic flu of 1580 began in Asia, spreading over all continents in less than a year. The flu engulfed all of Europe in less than six months.

That's the problem with flu breakouts. Flu pandemics hit like the proverbial flash flood. A highly contagious flu virus can hit populations that have little or no specific antibody immunizations to the disease, infect a quarter of the population, outstrip societal response capability, disrupting societal health and economy.

The fear today is that avian flu will strike suddenly and will spread globally in a matter of mere months.

There were three flu pandemics of the 20th century. They are well documented as to origin, spread, and impact. Those flu pandemics occurred in 1918-19, 1957-58, and 1968-69.

The flu pandemic of 1918-19 killed upwards of 40 million people. No doubt, society did not have the tools nor understanding to stop the plague. However, if ever there was an argument for immune debilitation, it's war weariness.

Almost every author who writes about this flu pandemic notes the fact the world was at war. But, that was not a mere footnote. It was a major contributor to society's incapacity to restrain, much less stop the flu plague.

War brings unique circumstances, to say the least. War brings a strain to everything including the immunity capacity of the survivors. If flu occurs in compromised immune systems, war guarantees the stress and deprivation which is often the prelude to plague:

"soldiers live in horrid conditions and return to a disrupted life but the effect on their immune system follows them into peace time … and plague,

"loss of loved ones brings its stresses to the emotions which affects the immune system,

"constant anxiety for soldiers and loved ones even though they return safely, brings its emotional traumas and immune system depletion,

"loss of hygienic conditions weakens resistance and breeds viral and bacterial conditions,

"depression economy partnerships poverty and its consequences to human quality of life,

"uncertainty of safe living conditions (bombing, terrorism, battle, mob actions)

during war takes its own toll on the body

"disrupted economies, making recovery long, difficult and uncertain,

"work hours longer and work conditions harsher, pay less,

"crime, destruction, barbarism frightening or actual,

"whole economics perish, trade and commerce uncertain,

"political uncertainties,

"peace often brings more severe dislocation and hardship (this was especially the case after World War I)

"all populations suffer nutritional deprivation, with few exceptions

When flu strikes after such conditions, scientists often misjudge the fact that the victims, deemed "healthy", really were compromised through the war and peace time consequences. The generation, which was victimized by the "Spanish flu" of 1918-1919, was in the age range of 15 – 35 … the very age which includes:

"Soldiers,

"single parents,

"factory workers,

"teens called upon to assume unusual responsibilities on the home front

"workers in their prime, needed on all fronts …

"medical and other service personnel exposed to a constant need for their services,

Their "after the war" physical let down is almost reminiscent of what happens to people after particularly long periods of stress … They fall prey to flu, colds, and infection.

Why the flu? To answer that question, consider the physical impact upon athletes from their workouts.

It is now known that after a heavy workout, whatever other benefits accrue to the body, there is one clear draw back. The oxidized radicals that formed take the body several days to get over … leaving the body open to radical damage and some internal harm. (See my article: "Antioxidants, Free Radicals, and Sports Nutrition"

New research suggests glyconutritional supplement taken before, during, and especially after workouts helps the body get over the radical burden in a matter of hours, not days.

Now, if recent research shows that athletic stress takes days to get over, often leaving damage to organs and tissues in its wake (especially if it is a habitual practice), why are we surprised at the massive flu fall after the First World War – a war which was worldwide in its scope, as was the flu pandemic which followed it?

Perhaps, before we consider avian flu in the second article, we should realize there is a strong scientific test that recognizes glyconutrition is a way to prepare and deal with the sunset of deadly flu … and potentially other pandemic possibilities.

Read the following testimony before Congress when doing further research on flu, avian or otherwise.

"In instances of abnormal, epidemic, or virulent infectious agent exposure, glyconutrient supplementation has been found effective for enhancing general immune functions and defense. much higher level that is effective against infectious agents. "

-Dr. H. Reginald McDaniel, "Comprehensive Medical Care for Bioterrorism Exposure"
Congressional Hearing, November 14, 2001
(emphasis ours)

Tamiflu – How Does Tamiflu Compare To Other Anti Flu Medications?

There are hardly any medicines that are available for treating flu. Among these Tamiflu is the only medication that is good in treating flu. Here I will be covering some of the symptoms of the flu. So this will tell you when you should take Tamiflu and what other medications are available for the flu.

Flu Symptoms

The symptoms for the flu are a sore throat. This is the beginning of the chapter called the flu. This may be either the common flu or the on set of the bird flu. But the sore throat will worsen to a condition where by you will know this is not just a sore throat but something worse than that. It is cobbled in the second chapter by high fever ranging to temperatures above a hundred degree Fahrenheit. And along with this as a sub section to the second chapter of the flu you will be having muscular pains, weakness, loss of appetite and a pain in the chest.

Introduction of Flu shot

This was how it was when the Spanish Influenza struck in the 1918’s. It took with it a number of people. The estimated loss of life was about 20 million all over the world. The flu shot was introduced. This is a vaccine against the common flu. People lost their lives not just due to the flu. The flu developed in to the pneumonia and this became a bacterial infection. It caused havoc and the result was that what we faced in the 1918’s. But a vaccine when the flu is on you will not be much of an effect. It had to be taken well before you are affected by the flu. The tablets available around that time were Amantadine and Rimantdine. Both these drugs had to be consumed as tablets. These drugs acted like this. They could stop the flu virus from duplicating itself after it had been inside the human cells. They could not mutate and form a group with which they could attack the body. But there were limitations for the drugs Amantadine and Rimantdine. They were effective against only Type ‘A’ influenza causing viruses. They were ineffective against the type “B” influenza virus. For this an alternative medicine was to be conjured.

New drugs: Tamiflu and Relenza

It was at the turn of this century that new drugs like Tamiflu and Relenza were formulated. They were effective against both the type “A” and the type “B” influenza causing viruses. They belonged to a separate class of medicines called the neuraminidase inhibitors. Tamiflu contained the drug Oseltamivir and Relenza was made of Zanamivir. Both these drugs worked in a similar way. They too could stop the particles of the virus from being released in to the human cells. This limited the spread of the infection.

The medicine Tamiflu is taken as a pill. It comes in the form of a capsule, a yellow grey capsule with seventy five milligram of the drug encompassed in it. There is another form also in which Tamiflu s supplied, it is the suspension form. This suspension form is for children. They are given the medication as per their weight. For a child weighing less than 33 pounds he / she are given thirty milligrams of the medication. All weight categories the medication is given in proper proportions.

Relenza is a drug that required an inhaler to take the drug. This drug is directly inhaled into the lungs. This drug was approved by the FDA at around the same time Tamiflu was approved. However, people who suffered from asthma and other respiratory related diseases faced fatalities after inhaling this drug. Experts in the field have weighed the options against the risk involved when taking this inhalation prescription drug. They have justified the risk involved against the risk of infection.

Tamiflu has been considered too expensive against the older drugs.

Stroke Recovery – All You Need To Know

I am saddened to think that stroke recovery is sometimes trapped in an outdated and dogmatic approach to help people with their stroke recovery. But the sad truth is unless you are one of the very fortunately ones, either geographically to be located next to a cutting edge stroke rehabilitation facility or the monetary means to afford such treatment, you are stuck with the stock standard cookie cutter approach to stroke treatment . And there is a good chance that it is stuck in the past.

Myths surrounding stroke recovery may be perpetuated by a number of factors. It seems that once something has been printed in a newspaper or magazine it is taken as a gospel. Many of the belief surrounding the brain have been around for a long time and despite new research dispelling the myth, it takes a long time for this to filter into mainstream belief systems. This can clearly be seen with all the out dated beliefs in the exercise and fitness world. This article will discuss three main myths surrounding stroke recovery. Firstly that the brain is set in stone and can not change. Secondly that there is only a small window of opportunity for stroke recovery to happen. And the last myth is that there are not better and more effective ways to perform stroke rehabilitation.

I can not believe that myth number one still gets any credence. Some people still feel that the brain is set in stone and can not change. We see the brain changing all the time and at every age. Every time we learn something new, the brain has changed. For example for you to learn a new skill such as like playing tennis requires your brain to change. As you improve, your co-ordination gets better, your speed improves and your accuracy sharpens all this must be reflected by changes in your brain and nervous system. The brain controls everything, and when changes happen like the previously mentioned tennis ones, the brain must have changed. This myth has been dispelled by science and neurology and as a far as I am concerned is really, pardon the pun, a no brainer to argument against.

Another commonly held myth about stroke recovery is that recovery can only happen in a small time period after the stroke and once that window is closed any further recovery is impossible. As a carry on from the point above, that the brain can change at anytime, this is once again just a myth. I do not discredit that making progress could be easier if stroke rehabilitation is started earlier but to say that it can not be made after a magical window has closed is forbidden. I have heard of some individuals 10 years after their stroke, who have been at a certain level of recovery and were then exposed to advanced stroke recovery methods and made more progress at that stage of their recovery than previously. The brain is capable of change at any time and if you are a stroke survivor and wanting more progress do not ever give up.

The last myth to discuss may not really be a myth as such but has more to do with the outdated and inefficient stroke recovery exercises that patients are given. The last 20 years has seen huge leaps forward in areas of brain research and subsequently stroke rehabilitation. The people at the top of stroke rehabilitation are doing some really ground breaking things. Unfortunately it takes time for this top end information to assimilate down to the masses, so as a consequence many stroke survivors do not get exposed to the best stroke recovery techniques like constraint induced therapy or mirror therapy.

Unfortunately there are many myths surrounding stroke recovery. I hope this article has helped to educate and open your mind up to the truth about your stroke rehabilitation and how you should be approaching it. At times stroke rehab can be a very daunting task, filled with too much science, jargon and technique that may be difficult to understand. I have made it my goal to try and make available the best stroke recovery techniques to stroke survivors, their family members, care givers and health care practitioners.

Beating The Odds Of Developing Glaucoma – With All Natural Approaches

Glaucoma is a potentially, and very serious, threatening eye disease that can rob you of your ability to see. It is often called the ‘sneak thief’ of vision for a valid reason. For many people, years often pass with no noticeable affects of having glaucoma before a vision loss is finally noticed.

Glaucoma is a frightening eye disease that slowly, methodically, and inconspicuously damages the optic nerve, the main cable from the eye to the brain, that allows you to see.

Suddenly, a very precious gift, your eyesight, has been stolen. And, unfortunately, as in the case of glaucoma, there is no way to restore it again. This is an eye disease that is one of the leading causes of preventable blindness in the world.

It is estimated that nearly 67 million people worldwide are affected by this dangerous eye disease, and this is projected to exceed 80 million in the next 10 to 15 years. In the United States, according to ‘Prevent Blindness America’, more than 3 million people have glaucoma, and only half of them are even aware of it.

A recent survey conducted by the ‘Lions Club’, about 75 percent of glaucoma patients surveyed were not aware that their vision loss was a result of glaucoma until it was diagnosed by their doctors.

There are two main types of glaucoma, acute or closed-angle, and primary open-angle, both have similar symptoms. General symptoms that can be noticed are; loss of side vision, reduction of over-all vision, poor night vision, eye pressure pain, and a frequent need to upgrade or change eyeglass lens prescriptions.

Although this eye condition can occur in people with normal eye pressure, elevated eye pressure is the main risk factor signaling a glaucoma warning. This eye disease, however, appears to be more complicated than just having an elevated eye pressure alone.

The most common type of glaucoma is primary open-angle. It is usually detected early in a person’s life, somewhere between the late 20’s and early 30’s. Those who wear eyeglasses, or contacts, usually schedule regular eye exams to determine if there is a need to change their prescription lenses. But, individuals who do not wear vision correction eye wear in their younger years may be those who are susceptible, over age 40, for developing this disease unawares.

There is also two other common causes of vision impairment, or loss, in those over 40, age-related macular degeneration and cataracts. Reducing your risks of ever developing any of these three eye diseases, in the first place, can greatly be reduced with better lifestyle choices and healthier eating habits

Currently, the only widely accepted conventional treatment for lowering elevated eye pressure is with prescription eye drops. You will, most likely, not get any sort of objective information from your eye doctor on any other types of natural intervention options, as chemical drug treatments are all they have ever been taught to administer.

Age seems to be the single most important risk factor, out of many, for getting any of the three eye conditions mentioned above. Eye muscles, though, are no different than other muscles throughout your body, as they really do not just wear out prematurely. In all probability, they most likely begin to sag from lack of use, and a lack of regular proper daily nutrition. Processed foods, and sedentary lifestyles equals sagging muscle tone and poor muscle posture.

This is just as relevant to eye muscles, as well as other muscles throughout the entire body, in that the end results are limited vision capabilities.

Improving your body’s daily dietary nutritional requirements, and adding regular physical fitness lifestyle changes are very beneficial to maintaining optimal eye health. Other natural alternative tools like eye muscle exercises and managing stress are proven techniques you can begin implementing now, to strengthen your vision in the near future.

You can protect, strengthen, and maintain your eye vision with improved lifestyle habits such as,

1. Reduce or eliminate your use of unhealthy polyunsaturated vegetable oils

2. Include a limited use of monounsaturated oils (olive oil), increase saturated fats (coconut oil),
and increase omega-3 essential fatty acids (fish, flax, walnuts)

3. Increase antioxidant intakes with more fresh, raw, fruits and vegetables

4. Avoid all processed foods containing MSG preparations

5. Reduce or eliminate refined sugars, grains, and artificial sweeteners (big sight stealers)

6. Lead an active lifestyle, regular physical exercise lowers your risk by 70 percent of developing any type of degenerative eye condition

7. Increase your pure water intake, along with small amounts of unrefined salt, making water three-fourths of what you drink everyday

This last lifestyle tip helps lower blood pressure naturally, too. Although there is no conclusive evidence that links high blood pressure to glaucoma, those who do have this tendency to develop this eye condition, have a 30 percent likelihood of having high blood pressure as well.

In an excerpt from “Your Body’s Many Cries For Water”, by Dr. F. Batmanghelidj M.D., page 75, Dr. B. states, “It so happens, if we do not drink sufficient water, the only other way the body has to secure water is through the mechanism of keeping sodium (salt) in the body. Thus, keeping sodium in the body is a last resort way of retaining some water for it’s ‘shower head’ filtered use”.

Therefore, it makes a reasonable amount of sense, at least to me, that glaucoma, or the increased eye pressure associated with it, could be noticeably reduced with proper water and salt intakes.

A dear friend of mine, who has not developed full-blown glaucoma yet, and has not yet resorted to prescription eye drop treatment, has successfully lowered his eye pressure levels, just by increasing his daily water intake, and adding unrefined salt to his daily diet Even his eye doctor was pleasantly surprised, and so was my friend, with a lowered eye pressure reading. Imagine the implications of making only one dietary change, here. What are the possibilities of adding a few other natural alternatives to further compliment one another?

These strategies may, also, work well for you too, my friend, if you have been searching for more natural ways to lower your eye pressure readings. Certainly, it will not hurt to give any of them try.

Hopefully there are some natural tips you can use, here, that will help some of you gain more control in improving one of life’s most precious gifts, your eye sight!

Optical Glaucoma

Glaucoma is a group of eye diseases that are characterized by pressure that is too high for the optic nerve to withstand. The optic nerve is crucial in sight, as it is the nerve that sends all of the images created by the eye to the brain. Given its cruciality, damage to the nerve from glaucoma results first the loss of peripheral vision, and then central vision. Glaucoma can be treated in many different fashions with medication and often times surgery is required to stop it from completely damaging the optic nerve.

Glaucoma develops at a different rate for every individual, meaning that one individual might experience nerve damage from a relatively low amount of pressure, while another individual might have noticeably higher pressure and yet be able to withstand it for years without developing any damage.

There is several different types of glaucoma with the most commong type being: primary open angle glaucoma (POAG). POAG is dubbed the "sneak thief of sight" because it typically has no symptoms. Another type of glaucoma is acute angle-closure glaucoma, which is commonly characterized by an acute rise in the intraocular pressure. Acute angle-closure glaucoma occurs in eyes that are vulernible as the pupil dilates, thus blocking the flow of fluid through it. Acute angle-closure glaucoma will generally cause pain and blurred vision, and in more extreme cases leads to irreversible visual loss within a short time. In such cases immediate treatment is required.

Some symptoms of the disease are: halos around bright lights as well as the loss of sight (slowly or rapidly). If you suspect that you or someone you know is affected with glaucoma it is extremely important to have it checked out by an eye doctor immediately because untreated glaucoma can result in total loss of sight.

Issues With Being Overweight During Pregnancy

Overweight is described as having a body mass index or BMI of 25 or more. Though a person requires a certain amount of body fat, an excess of it could alter the normal functioning of the body systems and therefore put you at risk of having health problems. During pregnancy, there are many changes that occur in the body and being overweight increases the risk of having complications. Some of the issues with being overweight during pregnancy include gestational diabetes, high blood pressure, difficulties during prenatal examinations, delivery problems, and birth defects.

Gestational diabetes is a condition in which there is increased blood glucose level during pregnancy due to hormonal changes taking place in the body. The ability to properly utilize insulin during pregnancy diminishes resulting in insulin resistance, which leads to high blood glucose levels. This condition usually exhibits mild symptoms and may not be life threatening as the glucose level often goes back to normal after delivery.

Another issue is high blood pressure. Blood pressure usually increases during pregnancy but is well compensated in healthy pregnant women. However, overweight women have higher risks of developing gestational hypertension, a condition in which the blood pressure runs very high during pregnancy. This usually resolves after childbirth. However, it can lead to pre-eclampsia which is a severe condition of having high blood pressure, presence of protein in the urine as well as edema (swollen body parts). This does not only affect the mother, but it can also endanger the life of the baby. Very high blood pressure prevents the baby from acquiring adequate blood and oxygen, and this may lead to stillbirth.

Obese pregnant women are difficult-to-examine patients. The extra body fat limits the visualization of the fetus during ultrasound. The doctor may have a difficulty locating the fetal heart tones, and may miss out potential problems such as breech presentation, abnormal fetal growth, or reduced amniotic fluid.

Being overweight during pregnancy also raises the chance of the pregnant women having a cesarean delivery due to the multiple issues associated with it. Cesarean section is a major surgery, and it involves induction of anesthesia, which is difficult to perform in obese women. The reaction to the anesthesia itself could also threaten the life of the mother as it could drop the blood pressure rapidly. The risks and complications of cesarean section also include infection, increased blood loss, abnormal bowel or bladder function, adjacent organ injuries, or even death. Cesarean delivery also puts the newborns at risk of being born prematurely for having an inaccurate calculation, breathing difficulties, low Apgar scores, fetal injury, or other problems requiring prolonged intensive care.

In addition, being overweight during pregnancy also raises the issue among the newborns potentially becoming obese in their childhood and having birth defects such spinal cord, brain and heart defects.

With all these issues with being overweight during pregnancy, it is important for pregnant women to have prenatal checkups so that their doctors can monitor them and their babies properly, and so that they will be given appropriate instructions regarding proper diet and exercise. They must also be compliant with their doctors’ recommendations to make sure they have a healthy baby and to help them stay fit not only during pregnancy but also after delivery.

Neonatal Hepatitis

Hepatitis is an inflammation of the liver that can be caused by numerous viruses, diseases or environmental conditions that cause the liver to become inflamed. When hepatitis occurs in infancy, this is called "neonatal hepatitis."

Twenty percent of neonatal hepatitis is caused by a virus that was passed from mother to child either before birth or shortlyly thereafter. In eighty percent of the cases of hepatitis medical experts are unable to determine the exact cause; however, it is suspected that these cases were also caused from some type of viral infection.

Viruses that Cause Neonatal Hepatitis

"Cytomegalovirus" or "CMV" is one of the viruses that are responsible for causing neonatal hepatitis in some infants and is the most common type of virus that is passed on from a mother to their unborn child during pregnancy. Other viruses that can be passed from mother to child during pregnancy causing neonatal hepatitis include, measles (rubella), and hepatitis viruses including A, B, or C.

In many cases of hepatitis where the exact cause is undetermined, a biopsy of the liver will be done. This biopsy will often show the presence of "giant cell hepatitis" which is characterized by four of five normal cells of the liver combining to form one cell that is still functional, however, it does not perform as well as the normal smaller liver cells.

Symptoms and Complications that can occur with Neonatal Hepatitis

The primary symptom that occurs when an infant has neonatal hepatitis is jaundice which causes the skin and the whites of the eyes to become a yellowish color. This condition is caused by the bile ducts of the liver becoming inflamed or swollen blocking the flow of bile to the digestive system causing it to become backed up and enter the blood stream.

For this reason, neonatal hepatitis causes some of the same or very similar symptoms to another liver disease that is primarily seen in infants called "biliary atresia", however, the spleen will become enlarged in neonatal hepatitis but typically will not with biliaty atresia. This symptom of an enlarged spleen and laboratory tests including a liver biopsy is what is used to determine and confirm a diagnosis of these diseases as opposed to biliary atresia.

Infants with neonatal hepatitis will also have a delay in growth and will not gain weight at a normal rate due to the fact that they are unable to absorb the necessary vitamins and nutrients needed for growth.

Most infants will recover from giant cell hepatitis and may have little or no scar tissue develop on the liver; however, about twenty percent of infants who have giant cell hepatitis will develop liver disease that is chronic causing permanent damage to the liver by the formation of scar tissue and will require a liver transplant at some point in time. In cases where the neonatal hepatitis was caused by the viruses cytomegalovirus or rubella, there is the potential for an infection to occur in the brain that may cause cerebral palsy or mental retardation.

Treatment for Neonatal Hepatitis

In infants who have developed neonatal hepatitis due to the hepatitis A virus, this condition will typically clear on its own within a six month period of time, however, when the hepatitis is caused by the hepatitis B and C viruses, this will likely cause liver disease that is chronic resulting in cirrhosis that will require a liver transplant in the future.

Infants will typically be prescribed vitamin supplements and phenobarbital that will increase the production of bile within the liver as well as a special formula that contains fats that are easier to digest.

There is the potential for infants who have developed neonatal hepatitis due to the A, B, or C hepatitis viruses, rubella, or CMV to pass this virus to others. It is essential for pregnant women to avoid coming into contact with an infant who is infected as there is the potential that they may pass this virus to there unborn child.

How to Display Pictures Well

Everyone wants an attractive comfortable home, but with a lot of possessions to store or display it can be a balancing act between a cluttered look and the "just right" feeling. Good storage is important to help you stay organized and your household running efficiently. However, storage does not just mean tuck items out of sight. A good storage option is to show items that will offer your room personality, whether it's functional or purely for show, like a jeweled picture frame.

As far as storage methods go, everyone has different needs. The same thing does not work for everyone, but there are still a few guidelines that just about anyone can discover to be useful. Possibly the most important tip to get into your head is that you need to declutter. If there's something that you really never use, then you should throw it out so that the things you really must have can be organized well. This means going through everything you have and giving away, donating, or even selling those things you simply do not use. The happy feeling you get when you do this just might surprise you. If you really like it, keep it, but if you are not sure about it, get rid of it.

Everybody's taste in design is different, just like everyone's storage needs. Your display bought to reflect your personality and likes and dislikes, so go with your intuition when arranging your display. Try and think of a display that you typically liked. What was its arrangement? In all probability it considered of repeated themes and things that related to each other. Displaying odd amounts of items together is more pleasing to the eye. When you display items like square gallery picture frames that match in a series, it shows a theme and adds appealing to your arrangement of pictures.

If you simply put things randomly around your room or carelessly suspend pictures on your wall it will not be nearly attractive as it would be if you look at your presentation with the perspective of an artist. One classic theme to go with is arranging things together by color or shape. If you have a big wall space then the perfect thing to fill it with is picture shelves as well as floating shelves. You might even consider bookcases and leave open shelves for picture frames and other favorite objects. These kinds of displays are wonderful because whatever you choose to do right now can be changed in the future to indicate your current mood or new interests.

Make a display on your wall from gallery photos to display your family. You could either use a wide range of styles and shades of picture frames, or you could use the exact same style and color of picture frame for each picture. Make sure you connect them with some kind of similarity though so that they look like they all work well together well. Installing your frames in a random arrangement will allow you to easily add to your display. There are numerous eye pleasing arrangements for wall photo displays and you can create a colorful and creative arrangement with your selection of matting and frame material.

If you'd rather not create a wall display, you can arrange your photo gallery on a table using picture frames that have easel back stands. If you are short on table space, basic double picture frames and triple picture frames are fantastic for creating a picture gallery in limited space. Another excellent option for presenting your photos is a "coffee table" arrangement. Share your photos with all of your loved ones by putting either a beautiful photo album or an embellished box of photos on the table.

Keep in mind that protecting your framed photos by keeping them out of moisture and harsh sunlight is very critical. You may also make sure your photos will not stick to the frame's glass by using acid free mats that are good museum quality.

Put these suggestions into action when you decorate and you're sure to love the results.

How to Help a Sore Throat With Herbs and Natural Treatments

A sore throat can make life unpleasant, whether you are an adult, or a parent caring for a child. Most sore throats respond well to natural treatments, potentially alleviating pain and discomfort, as well as reducing throat inflammation.

A sore throat is usually the result of inflammation, and can result in soreness extending from the back of the mouth to the middle of the throat. A sore throat is a symptom, not a condition on its own. The soreness arises from an undercoming inflammation or infection, and in some cases may need a visit to your doctor and some medication. The body responds to the infection by sending blood and white blood cells, causing redness, pain and swelling. Very uncomfortable!

Allergies, bacterial and viral infections can all cause a sore throat. The virus causing the infection and inflammation may actually be attacking the throat itself via the mucus membranes. Post-nasal drips further cause inflammation and discomfort. A strep throat will normally require a visit to the doctor and you may need antibiotics.

Viral infections develop over a few days, and are different to bacterial infections which can come on very quickly, sometimes in hours. Bacterial infections can cause quite severe pain and may include a fever.

Apart from a visit to a doctor for medications if required, and to rule out tonsillitis, some herbal treatments may help by strengthening your immune system, healing the inflamed tissues and lessening the pain.

Vitamin C can help the body fight upper respiratory infections which may cause colds. Anything up to 1000mg a day could help.

Vitamin A may help with healing the mucus membranes in the throat, and herbs such as echinacea and garlic are thought to have antiviral and antibacterial properties.

Zinc has long been thought to help the body's natural immune system, and to function as a natural antibiotic. Studies have shown zinc may shorten the length of time you have a sore throat.

A tea made of slippery elm or marshmallow root may make swallowing easier and relieve some of the pain from the sore throat. Slippery elm contains compounds which coat the throat, and is available in lozenge form from a drugstore, chemist or supermarket.

Gargling several times a day can help your sore throat heal. Warm salty water may be useful, as may a tea of ​​equal parts slippery elm, raspberry leaf, goldenseal and licorice in a cup of warm water.

Thyroid Cure

Hypothyroidism occurs when your thyroid gland fails to produce enough thyroid hormone. This could be a problem with the thyroid gland itself, or it could have to do with the hypothalamus or pituitary hormone. Both of these stimulate the production of the thyroid hormone. Hypothyroidism disease is an endocrine disorder which is quite common and is seen more in men than in women.

If you are wondering what causes hypothyroidism, most of the cases, around 95% or more, are caused from a problem in the thyroid gland. About 5% or less are caused by a pituitary gland problem or problem in the brain. Causes can include interference from drugs, radiation, treatment postpartum thyroiditis, subacute thyroiditis, treatment of thyroid tumors and a condition called Hashimoto's thyroiditis.

Symptoms of Hypothyroidism

Symptoms of hypothyroidism many times are subtle. They are not specific, meaning they might look like symptoms of other conditions, and they are often attributed to aging. People who have mild hypothyroidism may not even have any symptoms or signs. As the condition gets worse, the symptoms will usually become more apparent. The bulk of the complaints from this disease are in relation to the metabolic slowing of the body.

Digestive Symptoms – Even with loss of appetite, hypothyroidism can cause mild to moderate weight gain. It can also be the cause of constipation. Patients suffering from this disease can experience severe edema, especially in their lower extremities due to the weight gain mainly being fluid in nature.

Fatigue – A very common symptom, fatigue and also loss of energy will likely be seen when you have hypothyroidism. Plus, this may include low mental energy, which can lead to problems with your memory or concentration.

Sensory Disturbances – Decreased hearing, numbness or tingling in your feet and hands, plus blurred vision are also possible symptoms. Also not uncommon is an intolerance to cold or feeling cold even in warmer temperatures.

Dermatological – You may also see less perspiration, hair loss, and dry hair and skin with hypothyroidism.

Psychological Symptoms – Mood swings, depression and cognitive impairment can all point to this disease.

Pain – Joints and muscles may be achy or in pain, plus you can have feelings of muscle weakness. You could even experience muscle swelling.

Fertility – The inability to conceive and irregularities in menstrual cycles can also occur due to hypothyroidism.

Other symptoms of hypothyroidism can include the yellowing of your skin, brittle nails, hoarseness and a rise in your cholesterol levels.

Symptoms in Children, Teens and Infants

Hypothyroidism is rare in these age groups, but it can occur. For infants, symptoms can include choking on food and a poor appetite. It can also include scaly, dry skin. For teens and children the symptoms are behavioral and also changes in performance at school. They may also gain weight but have a low growth rate. Teens can also have delayed puberty and look a lot younger than their real age.

Progression of the Disease

As the disease progresses and becomes more severe, you may see puffiness around your eyes, a decrease in body temperature, your heart rate getting slower and also heart failure. At its worst, severe hypothyroidism can even lead to a life-threatening coma, or myxedema coma. This coma can be triggered because of a severe illness, stress, surgery or a traumatic injury. The patient then requires hospitalization and treatment right away with thyroid hormones by injection.

With the hypothyroidism tests and the right diagnosis, this disease can be easily easily and completely with thyroid hormone replacement. However, hypothyroidism that goes untreated can lead to cardiomyopathy, or a heart which is enlarged, which worsens your chance of your heart failing, and also pleural effusion, or the collection of fluid around your lungs.

Typically, the severity of your symptoms will depend on your age, how long you've had hypothyroidism and how serious your condition is. Your symptoms could be so mild and going so slowly that you do not notice them for many years. The older you get, however, the likelier you are to notice the symptoms.

Insulin Delivery Systems – The Needle, the Pen and the Pump

Insulin is the lifesaver of a type 1 diabetic. Some with type 2 also depends on this hormone to regulate their skyrocketing blood sugar levels. There are techniques to deliver the needed insulin into your body. It can be injected using a fine gauge needle with an insulin syringe. Or, it can be delivered utilizing an insulin pen which is actually a cartridge pre-filled with the medication. The other technique is through a pump system attached outside the body.

The Needle Technique

This technique deliveries insulin in individual doses and is injected subcutaneously. You use a fine gauged needle and a syringe with specially marked increments in International Units.

Most diabetics know this technique. After washing your hand, mix the insulin by gently rolling between your hands or by turning the bottle slowly up and down. Clean the rubber stopper with alcohol, pull the plunger back to the number of insulin needed, push the needle through the rubber stopper and push the plunger, leaving the needle and bottle upside down. The tip of the needle should be in the insulin and then extract the right amount of the hormone.

Select the site, pinch the skin to a mound, insert the needle into your skin at a 90 degree angle and then push the plunger slowly down until all the insulin is injected. Then release the pinched skin, wait for some seconds and pull out the needle.

There are two types of insulin therapy that uses the needle technique the conventional and the intensive which is also called flexible insulin regimen.

Conventional insulin therapy uses the rapid- or intermediate-acting. Usually, it is injected twice or thrice daily. Meals are scheduled to match the anticipated peaks of insulin profiles. Frequent blood glucose measurements are not done. This method is still in use for a small proportion of cases. There is less needle pricks than the intensive insulin regimen.

Intensive insulin therapy increases the insulin injections to four or more injections a day. Mealtimes are not as rigid scheduled but can be flexible with variable carbohydrates choices and physical activities.

Obviously, you'll be using as much as 1,400 needle stick a year. There is the inconvenience of injecting insulin multiple times daily and you have to find a time and place for your insulin injection wherever you may be.

Blood glucose levels are not well controlled in both the conventional and intensive therapy.

The Pen Technique

The pen is a more convenient insulin delivery system. The disposable needle is attached to pen which is actually a cartridge pre-filled with insulin and a dial to measure insulin dose.

The method of using an insulin pen is simple: screw on an unused pen needle, prime the pen to remove any air from the needle, turn the dial to the number of units needed, make a mound in the skin, inset the needle, press the button on the end of the pen to inject the insulin. Count to five and remove the needle straight out.

Obviously, this system is more convenient that the needle technique. It delivers a more accurate dosage with better patient compliance. Different makes of pens are especially suited for older adults, adolescents, children and pregnant women. The insulin needles are smaller and results in less pain.

The Pump

An insulin pump consists of a small tank of insulin about the size of a cellphone worn outside the body such as on your abdomen, back, leg or arm. A tiny catheter inserted under the skin is connected to a tube joined to this reservoir of insulin. The insulin pump is programmed by a wireless device.

Pumps deliver insulin in three ways namely: through basal rate, bolus and correction. It supplies small increments of rapid- or short-acting insulin to the body over a 24 hour period and is termed the basal rate. This replaces the need for a long-acting insulin shot that has to be administrated twice daily and roughly accounts for 50 percent of a your daily insulin requirement. The boluses are insulin injections administrated by the pump for the carbs you eat at meal times while the correction is to adjust the pre-meal insulin bolus for glucose values ​​outside of your blood glucose target range. The basal rates comes as low as 0.025 units per hour and the bolus rates of 0.1 unit doses.

The advantage of the pump is it improves blood glucose control by calculating individualized basal rates. It affords you convenience so that your mealimes should not be rigidly scheduled. It also gives you the freedom to choose what to eat.

Additionally, the pump delivers a special meal bolus in the event of delays in absorption of some foods. Thus, large swings of blood glucose levels are avoided and less frequency of hypoglycemia even at night.

On the down side, a pump can malfunction.it can deliver too little or too much insulin. Since the pump only utilizes rapid-acting insulin, if the pump fails or too little is pumped out you might be at risk for ketoacidosis.

It sounds good to use a pump but it is expensive. With the additional cost of insulin pump supplies replacement and other diabetic supplies most diabetics can not afford it.

As with the needle and the pen, you've still got to test your blood sugar levels and have a bolus before meals and check your blood sugar levels before meals and at bedtime.

Your Choice

Choosing the best for you depends on many factors such as convenience and comfort; acceptance and knowledge on the mechanisms of its use; how controlled your blood sugar level is; support and guidance from your health care provider; and costs and your lifestyle.

Some would opt to use the needle while some would send praises to the pump and some would stick to their pens.

TMJ Treatment Options – Ways to Relieve the Symptoms of TMJ

There are several TMJ treatment options available for the TMJ sufferers. Some measures are meant for instant relief while some claims totally eliminating TMJ syndrome.

That's well and good but to achieve long lasting effect of any TMJ treatment options you are going to undertrack, you have to identify the underlying cause of the condition and directly address this one to totally eliminate the symptoms.

However, whatever the underlying cause of the condition, may it be trauma or jaw dislocation, here are some possible TMJ treatment options that healthcare professionals may give you:

Home Remedies

There are some practical things you can do to at least reduce the severity of the symptoms of TMJ. Since anything that increases the tension in the jaw area would aggravate the condition you have to mind your diet. See to it that you stick to soft, yet well-balanced meal. Avoid chewy and hard foods altogether. This will just aggravate the pain.

Another things you can do at home is apply warm compress to the affected area. After which you can exercise your facial muscles. An example of such exercise is opening and closing your mouth by slowly moving your lower jaw while moving it from side to side.

Also, see to it that joint is in correct position. To do this, make sure your upper and lower teeth are slightly apart while your lips are closed. Keep your mouth on the top of your and breathe through your nose.

Support

Support are sometimes fitted over your upper and lower teeth to promote relaxation. However, this depends on the undering cause of your condition. Many times, a mouth guard is fitted to prevent clening and grinding of teeth especially during night time.

Invasive Procedure

Depending on the gravity of your condition and the severity of the symptoms, invasive procedure may also be considered. In this process, cortisone will be injected in the affected area to reduce inflammation and pain.

Another procedure may include insertion of two needles with one needle carrying cleaning was and the fluid will exit through the other needle.

Surgery

Surgery should only be considered as a last option. This involve the removal of your jaw joint and replacing it with implants thus, making this process irreversible.And even if this is offered to you as an option, you would do well seeking other medical opinions before proceeding.

These are currently the more conventional TMJ treatment options. There are other programs though that offers a more holistic approach.

Vaccine Preventable Diseases – Diphtheria

This disease of colder months in temporary areas is practically non-existent in the US due to an aggressive vaccine program for the past several decades. We currently see less than 5 cases of respiratory diphtheria annually.

This dangerous respiratory disease is caused by a potent toxin produced by certain strains of the bacterium Corynebacterium diphtheria e.

Unlike tetanus, diphtheria is extremely contagious through coughing or sneezing. Risk factors include crowding, poor hygiene, and lack of immunization.

Symptoms usually appear within a week of infection. This infection is characterized by a sore throat, coughing and fever very similar to many common diseases like strep throat. Additional symptoms may be bloody, watery discharge from the nose and rapid breathing. However, a presumptive diagnosis can be made by observing a characteristic thick grayish patch (membrane) found in the throat. In more severe cases, neck swelling (see picture below) and airway obstruction may be observed. In the tropics, cutaneous and wound diphtheria is much more common and can be a source of transmission.

The real serious danger is when the toxin that is produced by the bacterium gets into the bloodstream and spreads to organs like the heart and nervous system. Myocarditis, congestive heart failure and neurological illnesses of paralysis that mimic Guillain-Barre syndrome are most severe. Even with treatment, fatalities are still seen in up to 10% of cases.

Diphtheria can be treated and cured successfully with antitoxin and antibiotics if started early enough.

Although rarely seen in this country, it is still seen frequently in many parts of the world; including the Caribbean, Latin America and it is considered a re-emerging problem in parts of Russia. So ensuring your diphtheria vaccination is up to date is of importance prior to foreign travel.

The prevention of diphtheria is through infection. The vaccination schedule is the same as for tetanus (see previous article). Immunity does wane after a period of time and re-vaccination should be done at least every 10 years.

Although now a rare disease in the United States, foreign travel is still a risk factor for Americans and up to date vaccination is critical in preventing this disease.

Herniated Disc Back Pain

Herniated disc back pain is a dreaded occurrence for many dorsopathy sufferers. The actual words "herniated disc" are enough to cause anxiety and worry over possible agony, surgery and disability. In reality, the spinal disc is a much maligned structure, rarely responsible for the plethora of painful conditions typically blamed on it. This is due to the extremely common nature of disc bulges and ruptures, as well as the universality of disc degeneration.

Herniated discs can occur anywhere in the spine, but they are usually found at either end. The cervical spine, also known as the neck, is an area which must bend and flex constantly, as well as hold up the significant weight of the head. The discs in the neck wear out fast from all this movement and degenerative disc disease is often diagnosed in one or more vertebral levels by the age of 30 and sometimes much younger. The lumbar spine, also known as the lower back, is the most common location for degenerative disc disease to occur and these age and activity related changes are usually in effect by the age of 20, especially at L4 / L5 and L5 / S1. Herniated discs are also common in both of these regional regions and can occur from injury, normal degeneration or idiopathic reasons.

Herniated discs are thought to create pain in several possible ways. The most common is called foraminal stenosis, also known as a pinched nerve. This condition exists when a bulging or ruptured disc puts pressure on one of the spinal nerve roots which exit the spinal column at every vertebral level. While this situation can occur, it is very rare, since the disc would have to completely close off the neuroforaminal opening under extreme pressure in order to compress the nerve adequately. Furthermore, even when this rare event does happen, continued compression of the nerve root will result in absolute lack of sensation. This is objective numbness, not the subjective numbness often experienced by many patients. Additionally, there will be no pain or tingling, although real muscular weakness in the area served by the pinched nerve is likely.

The next possible source of herniated disc back pain is due to spinal stenosis. This is diagnosed when the disc applies pressure to the actual spinal cord, narrowing the spinal canal through which the cord passes. Many cases of spinal stenosis are completely asymptomatic, while incidentally, this condition can be a real problem. The most symptomatic measures of spinal stenosis exist when bone spurs (osteophytes) are the source of the narrowed canal and most disc bulges simply do not create any noticeable effect on the cord.

The third way that herniated disc back pain may be explained is from chemical radiculitis. This is when the proteins from the interior of the disc bleed out of the damaged disc structure and irritate surrounding nerve tissue. This is a controversial diagnosis and is not readily accepted in many medical sectors. It seems that if this condition does indeed exist, it only affects some people with particularly sensitive nerve tissue, since many people suffer severe ruptures and experience no pain at all.

The last possible explanation for disc related back pain is the unusual diagnosis of discogenic pain. In this condition, the damaged disc is said to be the actual source of discomfort, which makes little sense, since intervertebral discs do not have nerves or even a dedicated blood supply. Instead, they are nourished through the cartilaginous end plates which attach the disks to the surrounding upper and lower vertebral bones. Some doctors believe it is the tiny nerves in these endplates which are painful, but that seems very unquestionably since most patients report pain which is far too great and widespread to be sourced from such tiny and anatomically limited neurological tissues.

In the end, most patients do not enjoy relief from a wide range of conservative treatments or even surgeries directed at herniated discs and degenerative disc disease. This has nothing at all to do with the talent of the doctor or the method of treatment. Instead, therapy fails since the diagnosis is completely wrong. Statistics show that herniated discs are often completely asymptomatic and even those which do cause trouble usually resolve with or without treatment in 6 to 8 weeks. Disc conditions are almost never the real reason for chronic back pain. Once you understand this simple fact, it is easy to see why the condition has such a treatment-resistant reputation … It is not that the damage to the spine is so great; it is instead that the pain is being blamed on a complete innocent and coincidental spinal scapegoat.