Caring For Someone After a Stroke

The very first step in stroke recovery would be to do the best you can to keep one from happening and then act fast if it does. The signs to look for are numbness or weakness in the face, arms or legs, confusion with trouble understanding or speaking, severe headache, dizziness and trouble seeing. Once these symptoms present themselves, contact emergency services immediately. The faster treatment is administrated, the less damage there may be.

When it comes to stroke recovery, the primary caregiver to the patient is extremely important. As the caregiver, you are the patients' link to health and well being. Being a caregiver is much more than the physical aspect of taking care of someone who has had a stroke. You serve as teacher, comforter, friend, confidant – and the list goes on. Therefore, it's very important for you the caregiver, to stay healthy and take care of yourself as well.

Stroke recovery is not an easy thing. Of course, the severity of the stroke would be the most important factor in determining just how much the patient needs, but even the smallest amount of care care and rehabilitation can be daunting to the stroke victim. Experiencing any loss of mobility, speech, memory or vision – all common results of a stroke – can be cause for anxiety, depression and low self esteem for the patient. The caregiver not only has to deal with the physical aspects of the "job" but also has to deal with a patient who may be anxious, depressed and in extreme cases, suicidal. Should the patient exhibit these types of behaviors, do not be afraid to speak to his or her medical professional as you may not be qualified to properly exceed that aspect of recovery.

So therefore, it is very important that caregivers learn to take care of themselves. Your responsibility is to yourself first, others afterwards. As a caregiver you have the right to refuse to do anything that makes you uncomfortable. You should strive to maintain facets of your own life as much as possible. Doing so allows you to have stress relief that is well deserved. Do not be afraid to ask for help. Being a caregiver on the road to stroke recovery is not easy. Become familiar with organizations that assist caregivers. Be assertive, honest and patient with your charge as you've got a long road ahead of you on the way to complete stroke recovery.

Symptoms And Signs Of A Stroke

When the brain does not get enough oxygen, it is unable to perform its usual functions. Symptoms of a stroke depend on the area of ​​the brain that is affected and the amount of damage done to the brain tissue.

If a stroke is small, there are no symptoms but it does cause damage to the brain tissue. Such a stroke is called a silent stroke. However, symptoms of a stroke manifest themselves either in a few minutes or a few hours. Symptoms of a stroke may appear and disappear, or disappear completely, or become worse in few hours. Around one third of all strokes during sleep and symptoms of a stroke are felt and noticed after waking up.

Symptoms Of A Stroke

o Weakness in the arm or leg, or both on the same side of the body

o Numbness of feeling of pins and needles may be present on one side of the body or part of a side

o Problems in coordination. You may find it difficult to keep your balance or face problems in picking up things

o Facial muscles may start drooping

o Slurring in speech and you are not able to control the movements of your tongue and lips

o Having problems in swallowing

o Experiencing dizziness

o Sudden and severe headache

o Loss of peripheral vision or blindness

o Sudden confusion

o You may become unconscious

o Paralysis

o Vomiting

o Seizure

o You may face difficulty in walking

Signs Of A Stroke

Most people do not experience any signs of warning when a stroke is about to happen.

Why Coffee is Bad For Your Health

Coffee originated from beans of a plant that is scientifically known as coffea. It contains protein, acids and caffeine. Beans that have been roasted and brewed are normally served with sugar, cream or milk. There has been a variation of servings including espresso, cappuccino, cafe latte, frappe and a lot more. But the fact is drinking it can be bad for your health.

Caffeine is a psychoactive stimulant drug that acts on the central nervous system that can result in mood and behavior change. For people who could not tolerate a certain amount of coffee, drinking it could cause anxiety and fast cardiac rhythm. Coffee-addicts on the other hand, could find it hard to stop drinking because of the false energy alarm caused by the rapid heartbeat. For example, after several hours of having his drink shot, an addict might think that his plummeted energy can be increased by drinking it again and the cycle repeats a few times a day.

The combination of coffee with milk, cream or sugar can increase the cholesterol level if taken in excessive amount, which is the case for coffee-addicts. The variation of the drink like cappuccino, cafe latte and latte macchiato contains excessive milk and sugar that can increase the chance of diabetes, high cholesterol and blood pressure. Whereas unfiltered coffee contains cafestol and kahweol that could lead to high cholesterol level.

As with any food that tastes good, coffee too should be consumed in moderation, not only in the quantity but also in the contents.

Injections in the Ear Drum to Treat Sudden Deafness

There have been ongoing debating as to whether Intra-Tympanic Steroid Injections would have been the most effective medical intervention in treating Sudden Hearing Loss or if the widely practiced evidence-based medical management of oral steroids would have been a safer choice.

The answer lies on the cause of the hearing loss and the personal preference of the person experiencing the problem. Treating hearing loss is not only limited to different ways of administering steroidal therapy but there are also medical interventions that focus on the root cause of the hearing loss. It is important to determine the predisposing factors of the loss of this sense to prevent progress and worse, complete hearing loss.

Before treating a hearing problem should even be considered, the diagnosis has to be determined by a physician, preferably specializing in the affected area which is the ear. Sudden hearing loss is often described as the decrease of the sense of hearing in a short period of time, occurring in a span of 72 hours or less. This may commonly be mistaken for dullness of the ear due to the common cold and is unilateral or occurs only in one ear. Oral or subjective complaints for patients experiencing the condition sudden hearing loss would include dizziness or nausea, feeling that their world is upside-down and that there is ringing heard in the ears, known as tinnitus.

Having laboratory exams done immediately could provide the accurate medical diagnosis and more often than not, predict the patient's diagnosis. Findings would indicate that there has been a sensorinural hearing loss which when calculated would exceed 30 decibels over 3 contiguous pure-tone frequencies within a 3 day period. Time is of the essence to treat this medical condition since the onset is rapid and the condition deteriorates quickly when left untreated.

Once the diagnosis is established, figuring out the cause can help in treating sudden hearing loss. The exact cause is yet unknown but the pathophysiology of this condition can be traced to:

  • Recent viral infection.
  • Compromise in the body's vascular system.
  • Rupture of the intra-cochlear membrane .
  • Inner ear diseases, which are immune-related.

Pharmacological Interventions include the newly introduced Intra-Tympanic Steroid Injection. In administrating this Intra-Tympanic Steroid Injection, the preparation is introduced through oral drops or injected through a tiny gauged needle directly to the eardrum. This method has been said to create faster results and restoration of the sense of hearing due to the route of administration. It is said that the potency of the Intra-Tympanic Steroid Injection is increased because it is introduced directly to the affected area.

Special consideration should be given to the patient since this procedure is considered painful and a diversion of some sort might be planned. There is a great risk though that the eardrum might be perforated, so most patients would not have this treatment. The cost of this drug should also be considered since Intra-Tympanic Steroid Injections are expensive.

Oral steroids, such as Prednisone, on the other hand are the drug of choice for many doctors.Ãï½Â Ãï½Â In Treating Sudden Hearing Loss in one ear, this treatment has been administered to many patients known to have suffered the disorder. The less invasive the administration is, the less risk for infection it poses. Long term therapies include monitoring blood pressure and blood sugar levels since oral steroids cause hypertension and increase in blood sugar. Antiviral drugs can also be given in treating hearing loss caused by viral infection and anti-vertigo can be given to bouts of dizziness or loss of balance.

Vaginal Atrophy – Dryness, Itching, and Burning

Vaginal atrophy can affect women of all ages but it is more common that women between the ages of 40 to 59 will suffer from dryness, itching, and burning related to vaginal atrophy. In the top ten afflicting problems of menopausal women, this is often at the top of the list. It is not expected or predictable. Vaginal dryness is because of many reasons. In youngger women, dryness can be caused by birth control pills, surgical treatments (like cystectomy or tubal ligation), emotional issues, and multiple other medical conditions.

Vaginal dryness is often experienced when there is a lack of vaginal lubrication, often caused by a lack of estrogen production. Some will develop female sexual dysfunction which can cause one to dread intercourse and to avoid sex. Intercourse can be very painful. These women may also experience libido problems as well. Hormonal imbalance is also the cause of vaginal dryness, as well as chronic yeast infections, bacterial infections, or some kinds of cleansing of the vagina.

Many couples use condoms and foam or a method that involves a gel of some kind. Birth control pills sometimes do not provide the required level of estrogen and production of testosterone to maintain vaginal lubrication and necessary libido.

To resolve these issues there are many steps which can be followed. Use of a water soluble lubricant like Astroglide may be helpful. Estrogen therapy is useful if there is only vaginal dryness. Women who use vinegar, bubble baths, hand lotions etc can cause this dryness to become more complicated and lead to infectious. Use of multivitamins or mineral supplements can be useful as well. Balanced diets can and proper nutritional intake can help maintain a healthy lifestyle and reduce some of the complicating issues surrounding vaginal dryness.

Many women who do not want to have babies for the rest of their lives permanently they go for tubal ligation surgery. After tubal ligation women experience many side effects in which hormonal changes are the one most common. But with the change in life circumstances, some women want their own babies that they want to reverse the process. Many will elect to undergo a tubal reversal. Other than having their own babies, women will proceed with a tubal reversal for many reasons. Women who undergo the process of tubal ligation may experience irregular and painful periods, vaginal dryness, menstrual related problems, trouble sleeping, hot and cold flashes, loss of libido, early onset menopause, mood swings, palpitations etc To resolve some of these issue they seek out a tubal reversal. While tubal reversal my not be the best solution for these problems, some women find that a tubal reversal procedure may help them feel more psychologically sound. Many will attribute a tubal reversal with the resolution of some of these complaints.

Baby Nasal Aspirator – Proper Use and Types

Physicians generally recommend that nasal mucus be removed when possible in order to avoid infection that can spread to the ears – as well as to reduce your child's discomfort. Infant and newborn nasal congestion is due to the blockage of the nasal passes typically due build-up of mucus or the membranes lining the nose becoming swollen from inflated blood vessels.

It is also known as nasal blockage, nasal obstruction, blocked nose, runny nose, stuffy nose, or stuffed up nose. Nasal congestion can range from a mild annoyance to a life-threatening condition. Newborns can only breathe through the nose (newborns are "distinguish nose breathers"). Infant congestion can interfere with breastfeeding and cause life-threatening respiratory distress. Mucus that remains in the nose for long periods of time can cause sinus infections that can spread to the ears.

The question then is, what is the best method and tool to accomplish this?

Baby nasal aspirators to remove nasal mucus are generally of three types: 1) Bulb syringe 2) Battery-powered and 3) Self-suctioning. The last type is generally considered as the most effective because, by using your own suction, the operator can effectively generate greater and more consistent suction. Self-suctioning type aspirators are designed so that mucus is captured in a receptacle or a filter so that the operator (most often a parent) is not exposed to mucus and germs.

Hospitals send new parents home with traditional bulb-type nasal aspirators, however, they are not necessarily the best tool for the job. The main drawback of the bulb syringe aspirator is that because the bulb is of limited size, it can only generate limited suction. This requires that the bulb be inserted into the nostril of the child repeatedly in order to remove mucus. This is difficult with a child that will inevitably be squirming and can cause damage to the delicate nasal membranes.

We have tested all available battery-operated nasal aspirators on the market today and generally find them to be ineffective for the reason that they do not generate sufficient suction. A battery-powered vacuum pump is not generally strong enough to remove mucus that is deeper inside the sinus cavity, and this is the mucus that is most important to remove.

Baby nasal aspirators that employ self-suctioning have the advantage that the amount of suction that can be generated is limited only by the lung capacity of the operator. Here we would like to address some of the typical concerns that parents have regarding self-suctioning baby nasal aspirators:

Concern: I will catch my child's cold using a self-suctioning aspirator.
Response: Virus and bacteria are water-borne, they can only be spread if they are contained in droplets of water or mucus. Properly designed self-suctioning aspirators are designed specifically to prevent the passage of droplets through the suction tube. In addition, self-suctioning aspirators generally employ filters to catch liquid droplets.

Concern: I will generate too much suction and injure my child
Response: We only need consider the relatively large pressures generated by sneezing, which can exceed velocities of 100 miles per hour. Compared to this the pressure generated by a parent suction is relatively low, on the order of 1 / 10th the velocity and therefore pressure. In other words, the body is designed to withstand and indeed generate significantly more sinus pressure than is created in the nasal suctioning process.

Hearing Loss Detection

The detection of hearing injury and deafness should be done since someone is still a baby. The detection can be done by parent in a simple way. This can be done by making a simple experiment toward the baby.

In checking the hearing ability of a baby, parent can do it by making a sound around him and see whether there is a response from him or not. When there is a response, then the baby has a normal hearing ability. Typically, not all cases of hearing loss at birth are known. This is because not all parents check their baby's hearing ability. So, they do not know whether the baby has this hearing disorder or not.

There are some indications that parents need to know to detect hearing loss in infants. For example, the baby sleeps nicely although there is loud sound around him or if a six-month-old baby can babble but he can not respond when there is sound. Those are two examples that sign a baby has hearing loss.

The detection of hearing injury and deafness has to be started before the baby out of the hospital or at the age of two days. Or, the hearing loss should be detected at the latest at the age of 1 month if the baby born outside the hospital. In this matter, the diagnosis of deafness should have ascertained before the age of 3 months so that the installation of hearing aids can be initiated since the age of 6 months.

Further, there are some things that make an infant has high-risk hearing loss and deafness. The things are a baby with a birth weight less than 1500 grams, a pregnant woman who uses drugs such as tuberculosis drugs and antibiotics, and a pregnant woman who received chemotherapy. Instead of those things, other things that make infant has high risk hearing loss are bacterial meningitis, cholestasis and the use of ventilator for more than five days.

When a baby has three of those things then it is likely he will experience deafness fifty to sixty times more than non-risk infant. Additionally, infants that are treated in Neonatal Intensive Care Unit (NICU) have ten times the risk of hearing loss compared to those who are not treated in the NICU.

Since hearing loss detection is an important thing to do, parent should pay attention to this matter very carefully. In this matter, they should do the detection in order to make sure that their baby does not have this hearing disorder.

One Man Was Not Only Healed But Made Whole – It Was As If He Had Never Contracted This Disease

Walking into a village one day, Jesus Christ is met by ten lepers.

These men would be sorry sights. Their bodies were riddled with this horrible disease. They came as near as they might dare. Men with leprosy had to keep away from others, one hundred paces at least.

Crying out, they ask Jesus for mercy. This was no beautiful quiet whispered prayer. That does not happen when you are desperate.

Leprosy, like sin, is contagious.

It is loathsome, spreads easily, and separates people from people. Jesus saw these deformed limbs and diseased bodies, and had compassion on them. How could Jesus do anything else? Was this not why he had come into the world? This was certainly one of the main reasons.

Jesus cave these lepers very specific instructions. He commanded them with that authority which only the Son of God could exercise. They were cleared of their leprosy, immediately. Read the account of what actually happened as it was written by a medical doctor. Turn to the detail of this scenario in Luke Chapter 17.

One of the ten, a Samaritan, saw that he was healed. The pain disappeared. The sores vanished.

He came back to the place where Jesus was, and worshiped God with a loud voice, falling down at Jesus feet, giving Him thanks.

When you have been so touched by the living God, being 'dignified' becomes comparatively unimportant.

Jesus asked, "Were there not ten of you? Where are the other nine?

Looking at this one man who returned to express gratitude, Jesus Christ says, "Rise and go. Your faith has made you whole."

He was not just healed. He was made whole. It was as if he had never had leprosy. On his body there would be no remaining marks, scars, or any other painful reminders.

Jesus does not just want to deal with a specific problem or trouble. His desire is to make men whole. What more does a man require?

Sandy Shaw

Wound Too Tight – Adrenal Dominance As a Consequence of Bypassing Mother Nature

Man has longought to conquer Mother Nature and bind her to his whim. One of the largest fiascoes was the attempt to mechanize childbirth and feeding. In his ultimate folly man determined that processes which have evolved over millennium could have swept away with the slash of a scalpel and the substitution of mass produced milk alternatives. The vast majority of those of us born during the twenty century bear many unforeseen burdens as a result. The latest one to come to my attention is the body / mind's program of adrenal dominance.

When the body is stressed, the adrenals are fired up, releasing adrenalin and cortisol which kicks us into overdrive in order to handle an emergency situation. It is nature's way of assuring our survival. This rush consumes extra resources in order to fuel the stimulation, which is then replenished, after the emergency is deal with. When we do not have the ability to release stress, life becomes a string of emergencies forcing the adrenals into constant production which historically leads to collapse.

The hypothalamus is designed to be the regulatory gland in the body. When the adrenals are constantly pumping out emergency hormones, the whole body is stressed creating a feedback cycle. This turns on the sympathetic (emergency) nervous system which keeps us in a state of high alert, making it nearly impossible to get quiet inside. The impact on the entire system is premature aging, even to the point of shorting the telomeres of the DNA, which protect the cells from deterioration during their periodic reproduction. A past study from the Mayo Clinic estimated that 85% of all disease is stress related.

Normally, when a baby experiences a traumatic event two things happen. The baby is picked up and taken to his / her mother's breast, at which point the mouth opens, releasing tension in the TMJ. As the baby nurses, they are both flooded with endorphins, along with all those other chemicals, the nature and importance of which, we are still discovering. The endorphins are what create the beatific radiance we associate with motherhood. They also have the effect of releasing the emotional impact of the event, teaching the baby on a deep core level that he is loved and how to let go of stress. Breast feeding also plays a big part in the maturation process. It jump starts the digestive system, passing on vital bacteria which line the intestines. It also plays a crucial role in the development of the chakra system.

Barbara Brenan, a NASA scientist turned healer, used to teach in her four year healing school, that the second chakra could not fully form without breastfeeding. So where does that leave those of us who were not breastfed? Are we condemned to a life of worry fear and anxiety? Are we forever to be plagued with difficulty in bonding with our chosen partners and children? Can we find peace only on a beach in Maui or during a deep hypnotic meditation tape? Can we ever unwind the layers of emotional hurt and trauma, piled up like a garbage heap waiting for some future anthropologist to sort through? The answer is yes although it's not in a pill, it is possible to find daylight and walk out of the nightmare. The rewards are awesome and may take months to unfold. As your system unwinds everything comes with it and you will find yourself uncovering layers of pain and suffering, coming up and releasing sometimes slowly and then sometimes in a big rush.

For the past twenty years I have been helping people release their trapped stress and emotions on a cellular level, and this information just recently came from a very unusual source for me; it came with a piece of equipment. A friend sent me a scalar wave laser to play with after I surprisingly got an affirmative muscle test. This device works with nonlinear light waves and its primary program is to clear cellular memory and trapped emotions. What's more its primary protocol is to unwind adrenal and sympathetic nervous system dominance. This is all the more surprising because I do not usually like devices for healing, but Leela (the play of the Gods) had its laugh with me and I am grateful for it.

Now we have the question as to what to do with the information? We have the adrenals which are stuck on high; the spine and skull are structurally jammed by decades of compression; the TMJ is locked and the sympathetic nervous system is on full speed ahead, all of which needs to be released and unwound. This is something which can be accomplished by a scalar wave laser, self hypnosis if you can stay present for the whole thing and Cellular Memory Therapy. A slow mindful yoga maybe of additional help. The biggest rewards will come though Love, Intention and Surrender. AKA Prayer! If you're successful you will notice your breathing shift to your sacrum and a sense of deep relaxation. The largest determinant to your success is your ability to get out of the way and your commitment to continue the process through enough layers to make the shift permanent.

Copyright (c) 2010 David Lowell

How to Reduce Your Risk of Stroke

Stroke is the third leading cause of death in America. In addition, it leads all other conditions as the cause of serious and long term disability. A stroke happens when a blood vessel bringing blood and oxygen to the brain ruptures or becomes blocked. When this happens, brain cells lose the ability to receive the flow of blood that they need to live … they die within minutes.

Time is imperative if you have suffered a stroke. The effects of a stroke can become permanent if help is not looked out immediately.

Here are some ways to reduce your risk of having a stroke:

1. Control your blood pressure. High blood pressure is the leading cause of stroke. Most pharmacies offer free blood pressure checks if you think your blood pressure may be too high.

2. Manage your cholesterol. Good cholesterol is known as HDL and bad cholesterol is called LDL. The sum of both of these cholesterol numbers should fall below 200. If your numbers are out of range you should speak with your doctor about ways to improve your numbers.

3. Make healthy lifestyle choices. Simple lifestyle changes are another way to lower your risk of having a stroke. Smoking is a prime example of this. Quitting smoking is not an easy task. Make a commitment to it and seek out the type of methods that will help you cut back and then stop completely. Eating a healthy diet with plenty of fruits and vegetables and taking a thirty minute walk every day will also improve the quality of your health.

A stroke must be treated within 3 hours of the sunset of symptoms. If you think that you may have suffered a stroke call 9-1-1 immediately. It is better to be safe than sorry.

Does Your Dog Have Otitis Externa?

Does your dog shake his head excessively? Are his ears red? Is there discharge from the ears? If you answered yes to any of these then he could have Otitis Externa which is simply another name for a doggy ear infection.

The dogs ear has 3 parts, the outer ear, the middle ear and the inner ear. Otitis Externa is an infection in the outer ear canal where 90% of ear infections in dogs occur. Dogs are prone to ear infections because of the anatomy of their ears. They have a horizontal and a vertical component to them, so it is hard for anything in there to drain out, like water or debris.

There are several causes of ear infections. The most common cause of ear infections are due to allergies. Some dogs are more prone to allergies than others; therefore they get more ear infections.

Another common cause is sporting dogs that swim. They get water inside their ears, and provided their difficult anatomy, the water in the ears can not drain out. Therefore, this provides the perfect environment for bacteria and yeast to grow. It is recommenced that if you let your dog play in the water you dry your dog's ears thoroughly afterwards.

If your dog does have an ear infection it is important to properly clean your dog's ears before applying any medication.

To clean your dog's ears, start by placing a few drops of an ear cleanser into the ear and massage the ear to help loosen any debris that is in the ear. Then use a cloth or cotton gauze to whip the dirt out.

After your dog's ears are thoroughly clean, then you can apply your medication. Follow your veterinarian's advice about how much medication to apply to the ear, usually a few drops.

The treatment of veterinarian will prescribe will vary depending on the cause of the ear infection. For yeast infections they prescribe anti-fungals, for bacterial infections that will prescribe antibiotics. Normally treatment is applied directly into the ears, but in several cases systemic treatment may be needed. This usually means have to give your dog pills orally.

In some dogs with severe ear problems, the veterinarian will usually clip the hair around the ear to help let more air into the ear. In extreme cases your veterinarian may recommend surgery to reconstruct the ear canal to let it drain easier.

Some dog breeds are more prone to ear infections than others, although all dogs can be get them. Dogs with large ears and ears that flop over as well as dogs with a small ear canal can be more susceptible than others. Ear infections in dogs need to be rated by your vet, so the next time you see any symptoms in your

Nasal Congestion – Causes and How to Fight it!

Runny Nose

Runny Adenoids is a common action of blocked adenoids that usually can be healed with ease. It consists on a squander of fluids from the adenoids and may be black or blubbery as an aftereffect of problems such as Sinusitis. It can be as well accompanied by post-nasal dribble that may as well aggravate coughing or result in an abscessed throat.

Causes

The Blocked Nose accompaniment may be acquired by allergic conditions, bacterial or viral infections, such as an abnormal cold. Head injuries may as well can cause balance nasal discharges.

Environmental causes such as dealing with strong smells may as well be the cause of this symptom. Less often, is the possibility of Runny Nose can be acquired by the growing of an ectopic tooth inside your nose. If you approved all the medications and still do not see results, ask for an X-Ray browse to make sure you do not have teeth related problems.

Treatment

Medicinal treatments includes the use of assorted substances to abate the bulk of nasal discharge, even though one of the most used treatments is Saline Nasal Sprays that however, could not be used for a long period of time since can cause you other types of problems like advanced types of Rhinitis.

Saline Nasal Sprays have excellent proprieties to help unblocking your nose and provide you a new fresh feeling, along air to your lungs.

If you already tried some of these methods and still have complaints, maybe the smarter idea is to visit a doctor, because you could have more than a simple runny nose. All nose exams are fast and not painful, so visiting a specialist should solve your problem, or at least, make you feel better.

Tetanus Infections Due to Negligence

You are out eating on the patio of a local restaurant. As you stand up to walk inside to pay your bill, you feel a sharp pain on your leg. You look down and see that you have a small puncture wound near your knee from an exposed nail on the edge of the wooden picnic-style table. You wipe the blood off with a napkin, put a bandage over the injury, and go on inside to pay your bill and continue on with your day.

About a week later, you start to feel a little sick. You are running a small fever, have a headache and the area around the wound you got at the restaurant is sensitive to touch. More strangely, you have noticed some odd muscle stiffness and a little difficulty breathing. You decide to go to the doctor and get checked out. After a few tests, the doctor determinates that you have a tetanus infection which could be fatal if you do not treat the problem quickly. In fact, reported tetanus cases have a mortality rate of almost 11%.

Tetanus is a type of infection caused by the bacterium Clostridium tetani , which can be found almost anywhere in the environment, particularly in animal manure and contaminated soil. The bacteria can enter the body through any sort of cut, scrape, or puncture wound. The deeper the wound, the more likely it is that a serious infection will develop. For this reason, things like animal bites, piercings with improperly cleaned equipment, or injections from dirty needles have a particularly high potential for causing tetanus. Other than the symptoms discussed above, an infected individual may suffer from diarrhea, rapid heartbeat, sore throat, sweating, spasms, and a stiff jaw (tetanus is sometimes called lockjaw).

In the example above, the tetanus-causing injury could have been found to be caused by the negligence of the restaurant's owners or managers. If the exposed nail was something that should have been noticed and tended to before it could cause your wound, the restaurant may be liable for the costs of your injuries and damages. Whether or not there is sufficient evidence for legal negligence to be established is an issue that may require the attention of a legal professional. So, if you feel strongly that you have suffered unduly, you should find out if you are entitled to compensation.

Nearsightedness Explained – Everything You Need To Know About Myopia

Myopia or nearsightedness is a condition when a person can not see far away objects clearly, while closer objects are usually seen with much better clarity. This happens due to the abnormal elongation of an eyeball which results in light rays from distant objects focusing in front of retina and projecting blurry image on it. This is one of the most common eye problems in the world as almost one-third of the world's population is affected by myopia.

A myopic person usually finds it very difficult to see distant objects like traffic signs or other objects like blackboards or display boards which may cause symptoms like headache, eyestrain and fatigue. A degree of myopia can range from mild cases when affected people usually see everything, but are unable to read distant signs to more severe cases when person is unable to recognize people and generally function properly without corrective glasses or lenses.

There are many different causes of nearsightedness. The majority of medical professionals consider myopia to be hereditary, while the excessive eye strain, resulting from focusing the vision on closer objects for longer periods of time, is considered to be only a factor that can worsen the condition. Some professionals believe that the eye strain can be in fact the cause of myopia. This condition is more commonly found in school children, college and university students (intellectual people) who have to spend a lot of time reading books or working on the computers.

The condition usually starts developing slowly during puberty and adolescence. Due to the slow development, many people may overlook the fact that they suffer from myopia in its early phases and believe their vision is perfect, until they start experiencing problems. That is why regular eye exams should be taken from time to time.

Unfortunately myopia is a progressive condition which worsens over time, but usually stabilizes in early adulthood and remains more or less the same through the entire life. There is very little scientific evidence that suggests wearing corrective lenses has any effect on slowing down the progress of myopia.

Myopia is most commonly corrected by wearing eye glasses or contact lenses with divergent properties (so-called minus lenses). Minus lenses have the ability to focus light rays from distant objects on the retina in the myopic eye. There are also more permanent ways of correcting myopia like refractive surgery which consist of laser eye surgery (LASIK, LASEK, PRK, etc.) or surgical implantation of corrective lenses. Refractive surgery significantly increases the quality of life for nearsighted people and reduces their dependence on glasses and contacts, but is not without risks.

There are also eye exercises that can reduce the eye strain and probably slow down the progress of myopia. In some cases they can even reverse the progress of myopia and improve the eyesight, but there is little evidence to support that claim. However it does not hurt to try them out and they are for sure much better and more natural alternative to surgery.

Brain Atrophy and Vitamin B-12 Deficiency – Should You Be Using Supplements?

A recent nutritional research study published in 'Neurology' 2008; 71: 826-832, suggests that having lower end levels of vitamin B-12, often considered to be within an acceptable range, could be damaging to normal brain size. Another study conducted at Tufts University in Boston in 2000 estimated that about 40 percent of the US Population has a vitamin B-12 deficiency.

Vitamin B-12 deficiencies should be considered a public health concern, along with many other vital nutrient shortages. This applies to all ages, not just the aging sector of the population. Vitamin B-12 deficiencies have been associated with brain atrophy (wasting) and has possible connections to developing brain diseases such as Alzheimer's, dementia, and depression.

The University of Oxford in England study involved one hundred and seven participants aged 61 to 87, who were considered to be cognitively normal and healthy at the beginning of the 5 year test study period. The interesting conclusion, noted by the lead researcher, suggested that keeping your vitamin B-12 levels well above the lower level cut-off advances brain performance.

In terms of brain shrinkage, there was a noticeable difference in cognitive functioning between the study participants who had higher levels of vitamin B-12, than those who had lower levels within the normal range.

Other risk factors for developing brain atrophy include high blood pressure, diabetes, and high cholesterol. Beside age being a risk factor in developing a vitamin B-12 deficiency, other possible risks include strict vegetarians, pregnant and lactating women, infants, stomach problems, and gastric disorders.

Vitamin B-12 is naturally found in animal foods. The highest concentration of which is found in mollusks such as clams, scallops, oysters, and in organ meats such as beef liver. To a lesser degree, vitamin B-12 can be obtained in fortified breakfast cereals (synthetic versions), fish, poultry, eggs, beef (sirloin tips), and minimal amounts are found in dairy products.

A realistic concern for vegetarians might be in getting to know where their vitamin B-12 levels are. A simple periodic blood test can confirm whether raising to the upper level range, or slightly above, may improve energy levels and cognitive functioning.

Why is getting enough vitamin B-12 so important? The top ten reasons according to Dr. Joseph Mercola are:

Is needed for the proper digestion, absorption, and metabolism of carbohydrates and fats.
Helps folic acid (vitamin B-9) regulate red blood cells, and aides the body in using iron.
Optimizes nerve health functioning and communication.
Helps healthy cell formation and longevity.
Helps support female reproductive health.
Promotes healthy nerve growth and development. Protects the important fatty sheaths surrounding our nerve endings.
Is critical to circulation and the production of adrenal hormones.
Boosts immunity.
Supports a healthy feeling of overall well-being, by improving moods, memory, mental clarity, and concentration.
Boosts energy levels.

Other risk factors for low vitamin B-12 levels are gastric bypass surgery patients, coffee drinkers (4 or more cups a day), and the use of certain prescription drugs. Proton pump inhibitors such as 'Prilosec' and 'Prevacid', which are used to treat gerd or peptic ulcers, have been implicated in having low levels of this vitamin, as well as H2 receptor antagonists like 'Tagamet', 'Pepsid', and 'Zantac'. Both these drugs lower hydrochloric acid in the stomach, which is needed to absorb B-12, plus, an untreated stomach problem lowers a protein called intrinsic factor which is also needed for B-12 absorption. If the stomach is inflamed or irritated it may not be producing this substance, making it nearly impossible for your body to absorb B-12.

If you are wondering whether you might not be getting enough of this vitamin, and may be considering supplementing, it is important to know that a lot vitamin B-12 supplements are not much help, worth your time or money, and can be out right dangerous. Ideally, the best way to get this important nutrient is in the food you eat.

This vitamin is notoriously hard to absorb and assimilate from a supplement. Studies have shown, and it is widely recognized, that the best way to get B-12 is under the tongue (sublingual form). They are usually better absorbed into the bloodstream than tablets or inhaled versions.

According to Mike Adams of 'Natural News', in an interview with Greg Kunin titled "Bioidentical Vitamins and the Secret of Methylation", high quality vitamin B-12 supplements are rather expensive to produce because of the fermentation process. The cost can be as much as $ 6,000. more per kilo than low quality B-12.

Read labels carefully, as most B-12 supplements available on the shelf are the cyanocobalamin form. It is not only cheaper in price, but also quite toxic. Many supplement makers choose to use this form because it is cheaper to produce. This form will interfere with the body's methylation pathway.

The higher quality form of B-12 is known as hydroxycobalamin or methylcobalamin. These two forms are more readily absorbable, utilized, and safe. The cost is going to be at least double in what the cheaper version sells for, so that in itself should be a dead give away.

But, if you think you may have a hard time remembering which form to look for on the label, just remember 'cyano' as in cyanide poisoning, and methyl or hydroxy as healthy for you.

Confirmation of nutritional therapy's positive effects has been painfully slow in coming to the forefront. Politically correct statements such as "medicines have been shown to disrupt vitamin B-12 absorption, but no clear evidence suggests that prescription medications may actually cause a deficiency when used long-term", seem to be included in a lot of, so-called , unbiased research protocols. These type of statements are not only confusing to most everyone, they have a tendency, by design, to contradict.

If you are in doubt of the treatments that you are considering using to heal yourself, the bottom line may just well be what incentives are behind the proposed solution. Who is really benefitting in the long-run, you or them?

There is nothing wrong with a quality supplement manufacturer making a nice profit off a quality supplement that is as beneficial to its customers as it is to them, or any affiliate marketers. Your job is to, thoroughly, do your homework, in investigating whether a company's sponsored clinical research studies actually back up the results the company promotes in its marketing strategy.