Nutrition and Stroke Patients

Nutrition augments stroke treatment and must be administrated accordingly by the caregiver and stroke patient's family. According to research, nutrition affects the course and outcome of a stroke patient's life and recovery.

A study conducted by Salah Gariballa of the University of Sheffield in the United Kingdom notes that, "stroke patients are highly dependent on others for their nutritional requirements being met. Many are undernourished prior to the stroke and their nutritional status declines further in the hospital" .

Gariballa's research showed that due to poor diet provided to stroke patients, they become susceptible to diseases such as urinary tract infections, undernutrition, dehydration, among others.

A great way to avoid these from happening would be to undertake considering measures such as:

1. Get a reputable nutritionist – the first thing family members and caregivers of stroke patients should do to get a reputable nutritionist to identify what diet should be complied with. This ensures tailor-fitting meals that will help the stroke patient recover physical and mental strength to adapt to the various treatments, as well as absorb learning where applicable.

2. Subscribe to a health and wellness food magazine – exposure is one of the best ways to adapt to change. If the patient used to love unhealthy food it is relevant then to immerse him or her to literature that will boost the desire for healthy food. This is also a great way to improve memory and reorient the patient in relearning various topics, especially since food magazines are typically very visual and can pose as a great activity for learning images.

3. Watch cooking shows for the health-conscious – if food magazines are not available, find useful purpose for the television through cooking shows the inspire consumption of good food and health habits.

4. Encourage everyone to adapt to the new health lifestyle – any endeavor, to be effective, requires conscious group effort. The same goes to having a healthy lifestyle for the patient. This must be supported by family and friends – the best way of showing support is eating nutritious food yourself.

5. Enjoy the food together – there's no better way to enjoy good nutritious food than eating it with loved ones. Boost the patient's gusto for food by joining them in their meals.

Proper and good nutrition augments stroke treatment as it provides the necessary antioxidants and components for the body to recover from the deficiencies of stroke. It is the role of caregivers and family members to ensure the stroke patient gets the nutrition needed as the latter is solely dependent on the former for this.

Mushroom Spawn Making – How to Make Your Own Mushroom Spawn

One of the best things about growing mushrooms is that when you have started to grow them you can continue to grow them for years and years without the need to purchase any more mushroom spawn. It is very simple to create your own spawn and be able to store this in a fridge ready to use for several weeks.

Mushroom spawn is simply some kind of food which has mycelium growing through it. The food is usually some kind of bird seed such as corn or rye grain, and this is used because the mycelium loves to grow through it and because of the shape and small size of the grain it provides many innoculation points (it has a large surface area which means you have more chance of the mycelium “leaping off” and growing through your substrate).

Creating your own mushroom spawn can be a very easy process when you know exactly how its done and when you are aware of the possible problems caused by contaminations (which is why it is very important to have good sterile procedures). To make your own spawn you firstly need your own mushroom spores. Take a mushroom and leave it on a piece of foil to leave a spore print. Next you add a little distilled water to this print (a few millilitres) and mix this solution using something called an innoculation loop (small piece of wire with a metal curve in one end). This will mix the spores with the water. Next you need to use a syringe and suck up this solution. As mentioned before its important that the syringe is clean and any other equipment too.

You can store this spore syringe in a cool place such as a refrigerator until ready to use. Next you will need to get a large jar and fill it up with the chosen grain (such as Rye grain). Place a piece of tyvek over the cover and seal with a metal lid. It helps if you drill 4 small holes in the lid (near the corners) which are used as innoculation points later.

When you are ready take the spore syringe and inject a few millilitres of your solution into the 4 holes in the lid of the jar. Usually one syringe can innoculate around 5 jars. When complete, place the jars in a warm place and after about 4 weeks your contents will have colonised and mushrooms will start to form! Or you could simply use this colonised jar of grain and use it as spawn – the choice is yours. You could even multiply the spawn and turn the 5 jars into as many as 25! This is simply done by getting more jars of grain and mixing in part of the colonised spawn jar with the others. One jar can turn into 10 if done properly!

Degenerative Disc Disease – Non-Surgical Spinal Decompression Can Help

Millions of Americans suffer from severe back and neck pain as a result Degenerative Disc Disease. DDD as it is often referred to in the literature is not really a "disease" in the common sense of the word, but rather a term used to describe a process or condition that develops gradually and worsens over time. Use of this term indicates that the cartilage-like disks between the spinal vertebral joints are the primary cause of the symptoms, and that the degenerative changes are rather advanced. To some degree intervertebral discs lose their flexibility, elasticity, and shock absorbing characteristics as we age as do the other tissues in the body. Abnormal or excessive mechanical stresses or injuries of the past coupled with hereditary, developmental, and metabolic effects can rapidly accelerate this process.

As the implied disc dries out and loses height (a process known as desiccation) it causes the vertebra to become closer together narrowing the channels through which the nerve roots pass. A dry, hard disc can absorb less shock and is that more easily torn resulting in a greater likelihood of herniation or bulge further compressing or pinching the nerves. As the stress on the joint compounds and osteoarthritis begins to result, bone spurs form and ligaments thicken (hypertrophy) gradually narrowing the nerve channels even further. These factors in various combinations and degrees of severity mitigate the space in the nerve channels, a condition known as spinal stenosis (narrowing), and conspire to compress (pinch) the nerves.

Symptoms of Degenerative Disc Disease

The most common symptom of degenerative disc disease of the lumbar spine is low back pain (lumbalgia). If the cervical spine is affected, the most common symptom is neck pain (cervicalgia). When degenerative disc disease causes compression of the cervical nerve roots there may be shoulder pain, arm pain, and pain in the hand / fingers (neuritis, neuralgia, radiculitis), and may be associated with numbness and tingling (paresthesia). When degenerative disc disease causes compression of the lumbar nerve roots there may be butt pain, hip pain, leg pain, and pain in the foot / toes. This often is accompanied by muscle weakness in either the arm or leg.

Spinal Decompression Treatment

In the past, a patient suffering from disc problems was usually given pain medications or injections, directed to refrain from physical activities, referred for physical therapy, and when they were not progressing they were sent for spinal surgery or simply told to learn to live it. Since 2001 when the FDA finally approved non-surgical spinal decompression therapy, there is new hope for those who suffer from degenerative disc disease. Spinal Decompression Therapy is a non-invasive, non-surgical treatment performed on a special, computer controlled table similar in some ways to an ordinary traction table. A single disc level is isolated and by utilizing specific traction and relaxation cycles throughout the treatment, along with proper positioning, negative pressure can actually be created within the disc. It works by gently separating the offending disc 5 to 7 millimeters creating negative pressure (or a vacuum) inside the disc to pull water, oxygen, and nutrients into the disc, thereby re-hydrating a degenerated disc and bringing in the nutrients needed to heal the torn fibers and halt the degenerative process. As the disc is re-hydrated the shock absorbing properties are restored and a normal life can be resumed.

Exercises That Aid in Stroke Recovery

There are many exercises that aid in stroke recovery. There are physical, mental, and occupational exercises used by therapists during stroke rehabilitation. Some of them are:

1. Physical Exercises – As the word connotes, these are a range of bodily motions meant to tone fat, enhance muscle buildup, and strengthen the body. Stroke patients are given physical exercises to hone them to move their body, avoid spasticity of the muscles, and regain strength, balance, and independence. Samples of exercises that aid in stroke recovery include:
a) Passive Range of Motion = this aims to keep the muscles flexible and the joints lubricated through movement of the shoulder, elbow, wrist, fingers, hip, knee, and ankles.
b) Active Assisted Range of Motion = this set of exercises begin once the affected limb has been restored of its function and involves the help of another person in its performance
c) Active and Resisted Range of Motion = exercises taught during this phase enables the patient to move their own limbs without assistance through all the range of motion at every joint, such as those involving free weights, resistance bands, and the manual resistance coming from the therapist.
d) Coordination Exercises = this focuses on the regaining control over the affected limb by lifting the leg or placing it on the heel of the other leg, for example.
e) Balance and Stability Exercises = this entails the control of the person's trunk while sitting or standing. Thus, the patient is asked to do a series of exercises incorporating sitting and standing with the aid of parallel bars, walkers, and canes.

2. Mental Exercises – Mental exercise to reverse the effect of stroke on the patient are normally done under cognitive rehabilitation as the case may apply. Often, exercises include memory retention and sharpening such as math functions, reasoning, logic, and concept. These exercises are repeated over time as long as it is necessary.

3. Occupational Exercises – Exercises include learning to do daily activities that will help the patient go back to normal life, such as sweeping the floor, brushing the teeth, picking up pieces, folding clothes and linen, among others. The goal is to let the patient do this things, over time, on his own.

There are many exercises that aid in stroke recovery and are used during the rehabilitation process. These exercises should always be done with caution to avoid further injury. It is best that these are performed with professionals only.

Why People Get Pacemakers – A Symptom List

It is difficult to draw the portrait of the "typical pacemaker patient." Pacemaker patients include infants and children, athletes and schools, the aged and infirm. Despite the fact that pacemakers have been standard treatment in medicine for cardiac arrhythmias for over 50 years, most people do not know much about them. In fact, sometimes people get symptoms, see their doctor, and are surprised to find out that a pacemaker is the prescription.

People get pacemakers to correct a problem with the heart known as a cardiac arrhythmia. In layman's terms, it means the heart's natural rhythm is getting out-of-whack.

While just about everyone often experiences occasional but very short bouts of out-of-rhythm cardiac activity, some people have stubborn arrhythmias that cause symptoms, impair their ability to lead a normal life, and are highly unpredictable. These people need pacemakers. Symptoms that may mean you need a pacemaker include fatigue, dizziness, lightheadedness, even fainting, as well as ability to exercise without getting overly out of breath.

These are pretty vague symptoms and a person could easily have all of those conditions and not need a pacemaker. But let's talk about what's really going on.

The healthy heart beats in a specific rhythm that coordinates the heart's upper chambers (atria) and lower chambers (ventricles) in such a way that the heart beat is quite efficient at moving a very large quantity of blood throughout the body. This blood is called cardiac output. If cardiac output drops to zero, the person dies in a matter of minutes.

But in many cases, the electrical system of the heart (not the dumping ability) starts to falter. This is an electrical problem of the heart-not a problem with the heart's ability to pump blood. Yet many people do not even realize the heart as an electrical system.

Electrical impulses produced by the heart guide the heart's rhythm. If the heart stops producing electricity in a regular manner or the electricity no longer travels properly through the heart muscle, the result can be an arrhythmia.

There are two main types of arrhythmia that can lead to a person's getting a pacemaker. The first is called "sinus node dysfunction," which sounds very complicated. It really means that the heart no longer produces electrical energy at the right rate.

The heart has the amazing ability to produce electricity. This is accomplished by a small area of ​​tissue called the sinoatrial node (nicknamed "sinus node" or just "sinus") in the upper right hand side of the heart. If the sinus node gets sluggish or produces electricity erratically or produces electricity fine at low rates but can not keep up when you exercise and need a faster heart rate … that is sinus node dysfunction.

About half of all people with pacemakers have this condition. The resulting arrhythmia for a person with sinus node dysfunction is a heart rate that is too slow to support normal activity. The medical term for this is "sinus bradycardia." Because you do not get enough cardiac output to do normal things, you can find yourself getting winded, tired, dizzy, or even passing out doing things you used to do.

The second kind of arrhythmia that can lead to a pacemaker sounds a lot simpler, but the name is a bit of a misnomer. It's called "heart block." Heart block is not really a blockage at all. Instead, it means that the electrical impulses produced by the heart no longer travel efficiently through the heart muscle. The electrical energy gets delayed or even blocked in some areas.

In the healthy heart, the electrical energy that causes the heart to beat starts in the sinoatrial node (top, right side of the heart). It then travels out over the atria and then downward. As it makes its ways to the ventricles, it passes through a junction called the "atrioventricular node" or or AV node.

Once the electrical energy goes through the AV node, it travels to the ventricle and causes the ventricles to contract and pump blood. Heart block occurs when there is a problem at the AV node. Sometimes the electrical energy gets delayed in such a way that the atria and ventricles are no longer working together.

In extreme forms of heart block, the energy from the top half of the heart can not make its way down to the bottom half at all (this is called "complete heart block"). Because the atria and ventricles do not work in harmony, cardiac output is impaired. The result is the same slew of symptoms: lightheadedness, dizziness, shortness of breath, feeling tired all of the time, and even fainting.

About half of all people who need pacemakers have some form of heart block (it can be mild to severe).

Arrhythmias can get fairly complicated. For example, one person may have both types of these arrhythmias that require a pacemaker, that is, one person can have sinus node dysfunction and heart block at the same time. Even individuals who might only have one arrhythmia right now can develop another kind of arrhythmia in the future.

Pacemakers accomplish this by "filling in the missing beats."

Pacemakers are small electrical devices implanted in the chest. They deliver electrical energy to the heart at precisely the right moment to keep it beating in a way that is as "normal" as possible. In many patients, pacemakers restore normal heart rhythm. In some patients, the arrhythmia may be too severe for a normal heart rhythm to be restored, but the pacemaker can at least come close.

Pacemakers "know" when to deliver electrical energy to the heart because they monitor every beat of the heart and respond according to how the physician programs them. This is a useful feature since many facemaker patients do not require constant pacing. In fact, for many people, arrhythmias are not permanent at all, but come and go, sometimes for brief periods. The pacemaker monitors the heart's activity and jumps in with stimulating (pacing) energy when an arrhythmia occurs.

There is, at the moment, no cure for arrhythmias in the sense that an erratic heart rhythm can not be restored with an operation or a pill. True, operations, pills, and other remedies can help manage symptoms or even correct part of the problem.

Pacemakers are actually very safe ways of dealing with specific arrhythmias. Although they're implanted in the body, they do not deliver drugs or other chemicals into the body. They use electricity, which is the very substance the body would generate itself, if it could.

Doctors have a lot of flexibility in terms of how the pacemaker is programmed, so they are suitable for a wide range of people, from athletes to newborns to bedridden seniors.

And pacemakers have a memory so that they can report back to the doctor what's been going on in the patient's heart. Not all arrhythmias can be treated with a pacemaker. But for rhythm disorders like heart block or sinus bradycardias, pacemakers are a safe, effective, and well proven technology that can make a big difference in the lives of those that need them.

Alopecia – Women Deserve Better Care

We are seeing more and more alopecia women who approach us because they are tired of gluing hairpieces to their heads. This practice started many years ago and was first used on men with male pattern baldness. The hair piece is glued directly onto the scalp with an adhesive that can only be removed by a technician. The average wear time before removal is 6 weeks.

I know exactly how they feel because I also wore glued on wigs in the past. I felt trapped in something I was unable to remove. After a few months, no matter how often I washed the hair it still had an offensive odor. The most distasteful and even medically harmful side effect was the dermatitis I developed on my skin. I had to seek medical attention from my dermatologist to help with the resulting infection.

This type of hair replacement is not an alopecia treatment but a cover up. Many other hair replacement options give you security without the harmful effects of glue. Because an alopecia cure is not in sight I recommend doing your homework and reach out for alopecia support before making a decision.

As a result of this awful experience I introduced the vacuum hairpiece into the American market. No tape or glue is needed to keep this hairpiece on the head. You can even swim. Alopecia women deserve a better solution than a glued on hairpiece. There is no skin irritation associated with vacuum wigs, and they leave you with a more secure feeling.

There are better options available.

A Proven Way to Prevent a Sore Throat From Progressing to a Cold

Before I start sharing with you the proven way to prevent a sore throat from progressing to a cold, do you know experiencing periodic cold or flu can actually be helpful to your health? It may sound ridiculous but it is true, as told by my friend, who is a doctor by profession.

He stated that during our cold or flu period, our bodes are actually in the healing process of getting rid of those weakest cells which can help us to stay more healthier in the long run.

Here is how you can better prepare in preventing a cold from developing.

Gargle with warm salt water the moment you start experiencing that sore, tickling feeling in your throat. Try to tap your throat (Adam's apple region) with your fingers while you gargle so as to encourage the warm salt water to trickle deeply into your throat.

You probably may not be aware of, your tonsils and adenoids serve as a first line of defense against any airborne microorganisms and substances. It is a significant parts of your immune system located near the entrance of your breathing passages. Colds and flu viruses usually get eaten by your tonsils and adenoids before spreading through your body, and by gargling warm salt water it can effectively removed the viruses.

If you ever experience chronic swapping tonsils and adenoids at your throat region and is thinking of removing them, please reconsider seriously. It is highly not recommended. Try alternatives ways liked;

– Adopting a minimal processed diet, rich in fresh plant foods,
– Reduced your sugar intake especially cannoned drinks
– Get plenty of rest, exercise and exposed yourself outdoor more often.

You may ask gargling cold salt water works as well?

Either warm or cold salt water will help to remove those harmful viruses from your tonsils and adenoids, but if possible, try warm salt water as it promises to be more effective.

These are just simple and easy ways you can try out without any hassle before you consult your doctor.

Thanks for reading.

Alopecia in Men and Women Explained

My friend's 28- and 24-year old sons both have hair problems. The former has begun to lose his hair, while his younger brother is developing round, bald spots on his head. At such early age, one wonders which really causes hair loss, or baldness, and if there's anything that can be done to prevent it.

Hair loss – known as alopecia in the medical field – assumes different forms. In men, the most common pattern is the one in which hair starts to thin at the crown and the hairline begins to diminish. The exact sequence of this typical male-pattern hair loss goes this way: The hairline starts to recede at the forehead, and then at the temples and crown. In the end, the bare areas merge and only a fringe of hair is left at the back of the head and around the ears. This form is chiefly genetic in origin; it is primed by the presence of androgens (male hormones).

It is widely understood that one loser scalp hair as he or she gets older. It is likewise generally known that the tendency of some men or women to begin losing hair at an early age, and at a reliably fast rate, is hereditary.

The particular case of my friend's younger son is medically termed alopecia areata. This condition is characterized by the occurrence of hair loss in patches that produces a totally bare area encircled by normal hair growth. A number of scientific researchers point to the basic cause of this type of alopecia as being both genetic and immunological.

In women, abnormal loss of hair may happen temporarily after childbirth; or it may be the result of certain infections, ringworm, or even diabetes. While women do not usually suffer from total hair loss, their hair often thins as they get older. One of the usual contributing factors in alopecia in women is the hormonal changes that take place during the "change of life" (menopause).

Another type of the condition in women is referred to as traction alopecia. This form is associated with such hair styles – as ponytails – in which the hair is folded tautly away from the scalp. Excessive hair brushing and the use of rollers for an extended period are possible causes of this type of alopecia, too.

It is important that the person fully understands his or her particular hair-loss condition, especially when considering going through certain medical treatment processes or using prescription drugs. A better alternative to preventing this condition may well be a natural treatment approach. In this regard, men and women have to learn about the breakthrough information that reveal how one can stop hair loss naturally, strengthen, revitalize and restore thinning hair, and retain healthier, fuller, thicker hair.

Stop and prevent male and female alopecia and strengthen, revitalize and restore thinning hair. Learn about the breakthrough information that reveal how you can stop hair loss naturally and retain healthy, fuller, thicker hair. Visit Hair Loss No More at Preventing Alopecia .

For more health information, visit Round the Clock Health Guide .

What Is Glaucoma and Who Does It Affect?

Pressure in the eye is usually balanced and plays an important part in the functioning of the eye. This pressure is created when a fluid (known as aqueous) produced by cells behind the iris, passes through the pupil to be drained away by drain tunnels in the angle of the eye (gap between the cornea and the iris). Pressure increases if the angle becomes blocked and the aqueous can not drain away fast enough, or if too too much aqueous is produced.

Chronic glaucoma is more common in Western countries than acute glaucoma, but is easier to treat. This form of glaucoma causes no pain, and your eyesight seems normal, despite the damage being done to your optic nerve. Many people who have had chronic glaucoma for a long time before diagnosis complain of one eye's vision being worse than the others, or a loss of field vision in the shape of an arc above or below the center of their vision. If left untreated, it can result in "tunnel-vision", and in time, this too is lost. It is more common in people over the age of 40, and it affects 5% of the population over the age of 65. People of African origin are said to be more prone to glaucoma, as well as those with a high degree of short sightedness . Treatment includes eye drops (to reduce the amount of aqueous you produce, and to unblock the drainage tunnels) and laser surgery, to improve drainage.

Acute glaucoma is characterized by sudden pain in the eye, as well as the appearance of misty rainbow colored circles surrounding white lights. This may be followed by complete loss of sight and nausea and vomiting. Typically, people experience a series of mild attacks in the evenings, and with routine inspection at the hospital or GP's surgery, acute glaucoma is diagnosed. It is initially treated with drops to reduce the amount of aqueous produced, and then a small hole is made in the iris to remove the blockage in the angle. It is recommended that this is done to both eyes, as if you suffer with acute glaucoma in one eye, it is highly likely that you will contract it in the other.

It is important to attend your optician appointments, because even if you feel as though your eyesight is fine, there may be damage to your optic nerve, which will reduce your quality of vision in the long run. While this condition is not common, neither is rare and quick diagnosis is important to maintaining healthy eyesight.

What You Need to Know About the Flu – How Does the Flu Spread?

What Is the Flu?

Each winter, millions of people suffer from the flu, which is a highly contagious infection. It spreads easily from person to person, mainly when an infected person coughs or sneezes. Viruses that infect the nose, throat, and lungs cause the flu, which is the short name for influenza. The illness is usually a mild disease in healthy children, young adults, and middle-aged people. However, it can be life threatening in older adults and in people of any age who have chronic illnesses such as diabetes or heart, lung, or kidney diseases.
The flu is a respiratory infection caused by a variety of flu viruses. It differs in several ways from the common cold, which is a respiratory infection that is also caused by viruses. For example, people with colds rarely get fevers, headaches, or suffer from the extreme exhaustion that the flu viruses can cause.

What types of Flu are there?

The first flu virus was identified in the 1930s. Since then, scientists have classified three types of flu viruses based upon their protein composition. The types of flu virus include types A, B, and C. Type A viruses are found in many kinds of animals, including:


Type B virus broadly circulates in humans. Type C has been found in humans, pigs, and dogs. Type C causes mild respiratory infections, but does not spark epidemics.
Type A influence is the most frightening of the three flu types. It is believed to be responsible for the global outbreaks of 1918, 1957, and 1968.

What are the first signs of the Flu

Common flu symptoms start quickly and can include:

Dry cough
Sore throat
Runny or stuffy nose
Muscle aches
Extreme fatigue.

Typically, the fever will begin to decline on the second or third day of the illness.

Is the Flu contagious?

Outbreaks usually begin suddenly and occurs mainly in the late fall and winter. The flu spreads through communities, creating an epidemic. During the epidemic, the number of cases peaks in about 3 weeks and subsidies after another 3 or 4 weeks. Half of the population of a community may be affected. Schools are an excellent place for flu viruses to attack and spread. Therefore, families with school-age children have more infections than other families, with an average of one-third of the family members becoming infected each year.

When is the Flu season?

Approximately 10 percent to 20 percent of Americans come down with the Flu between November and March (the season for this illness).


Besides the rapid start of the outbreaks and the large numbers of people affected, the flu is an important disease because it can cause serious complications. Most people who get it will get better within a week, although they may have a lingering cough and tire easily for a while longer. However, for elderly people, newborn babies, and people with certain chronic illnesses, the flu and its complications can be dangerous.

How does the Flu spread?

You can get the flu if someone around you who has it coughs or sneezes. Or, you can get it simply by touching a surface, like a telephone or doorknob, that has been contaminated by someone who has the flu. The viruses can pass through the air and enter your body through your nose or mouth, or if you've touched a contaminated surface, they can pass from your hand to your nose or mouth. You are at greatest risk of getting infected in highly populated areas, such as in crowded living conditions and in schools.

Why do I get the Flu?

It is estimated that 10 percent to 20 percent of Americans come down with the flu during each flu season, which typically lasts from November to March. Children are 2 to 3 times more likely than adults to get sick with the flu, and children frequently spread the virus to others. Although most people recover from the illness, it is estimated that in the United States more than 100,000 people are hospitalized and about 36,000 people die from this illness and its complications every year.

Medication for the Flu

Although the flu vaccine is the best flu prevention method, antiviral flu medicine is also available by prescription. Flu medicines include:

Tamiflu® (oseltamivir)
Flumadine® (rimantadine)
Symmetrel® (amantadine)
Relenza® (zanamivir).

Tamiflu, Flumadine and Symmetrel may be used by adults and children who are 1 year of age and older. The drugs can be used for both prevention and to reduce the duration of fever and other flu symptoms.

Tips on how to prevent the Flu

A flu shot can greatly lower your chances of getting the flu. In fact, most illnesses and deaths that are caused by the flu could have been preceded by a yearly flu shot. Medicare covers the cost, and many private health insurance plans also pay for the flu shot. You can get a flu shot at:

Your doctor's office
Your local health department
Other healthcare providers.

It is important to note that there are no vaccines that will give you complete protection, and the flu shot is no exception. In older people and those with certain chronic illnesses, the flu shot is often less effective in preventing the flu. However, the flu shot will help to reduce associated symptoms and the risk of serious illness and death.


Key information about the flu includes:
The flu can be quite dangerous for people who are 65 years of age and older
It can be invented
Each fall, a flu shot is necessary for people in high-risk groups
The shot is covered by Medicare
The shot is safe and it can not cause the flu
The flu shot and the pneumococcal vaccine can be given at the same time.

When Your ENT Offers Adenoid Surgery

Adenoid surgery or adenoid removal is one of the most common ENT surgeries. But you must resort to extreme step of surgery only when your ENT specialist is hopeless of treating the complication through medications and other alternative ways.

This adenoid removal task is often performed with operation of tonsillitis. Adenoid removal or Adenoidectomy involves removal of pair of adenoid glands that exist in nasopharynx (nasal part of the pharynx).

But before undergoing an adenoidectomy, patient as well as doctor must be sure about it. Most of these these glands get swelled and become greater in size causing an obstacle in nasopharynx path. It may result in discomfort in breathing through the nose and breathing dysfunction during nap. Also in case of chronic otitis media this surgery is recommended.

When glands get enlarged, initially medications are used. But if it does not give the desired results, doctors have no other option but to recommend adenoidectomy. Kids having chronic tonsillitis are often suggested to undergo adenoid removal even if its size is normal.

This surgery is performed under the influence of local Anesthesia. Most often microdebrider is used to cut out the gland. Post operation twenty four hour care in hospital is must before discharging the patient for home.

Although surgery is not very complicated, your ENT specialist takes utmost care. Post surgery patients are needed to follow a restricted food plan for a few days. After surgery you need to keep track of your breathing comfort and any after effect for first few days.

Since in adults this gland automatically gets reduced into very smaller size and has probably no significant relevance for the body, so this surgery is primarily meant for kids having adenoid disorder.

If a kid is undergoing adenoid as well as tonsillitis surgery simultaneously, the operation may result in severe complications. In that case the child must be provided with best possible post surgery medical care.

Post surgery medications must be consumed for the prescribed period. And thereon you can periodically visit your ENT surgeon for check up. At least six month post operation monitoring is a preferred practice recommended by ENT doctors.

So, take post operation care seriously and before letting your kid undergo this surgery be sure that the surgery is inevitable.

How to Choose the Best Running Shoes for Women and Men

How do I find the best running shoes? This is a question asked by millions of joggers. If you are an athletic person then you should know how important it is to find the right pair of sneakers that are just for you. The wrong pair of shoes on your feet can cause soreness and swelling, and this can be very painful. It does not matter if you if you are a beginner or a fervent runner, wearing the right pair of shoes can make your running experience more exhilarating. Weaving the right pair of shoes could feel like gold on your feet.

The problem is that most people find it hard to choose the shoes that are just right for them. With so many options to choose from you can get easily frustrated while standing in a sporting goods store. What you will come to realize is that choosing the best running shoes is solely based upon the shape of your foot, pronunciation type, how you intend to use them and where you will be using them.

Pronation Type

Quite often pronation is misunderstood to be a negative feature; however, pronation is good for runners in the right amount. The term pronation reflects to how your feet react to ground force while walking or running. Most retail stores offer services to help to identify your pronation type. 20% -30% of joggers have a neutral pronation and can run in most shoes; therefore neutral running shoes are the best option for these individuals. If the sole of your sneakers displays wear in an s-shaped array, you will fall under this category. Individuals who shoes are slanted outwards tend to under pronounce while the shoes of those who over pronate show superfluous wear on the inside of the heel and below the big toe.

The Shape of Your Foot

The size of your feet is not the only important factor when trying to buy the best running shoes; you should also consider the shape of your foot. Brooks Ravenna 6, Asics Gel GT-2000 2, Mizuno Wave Inspire 11 and Nike Zoom Structure Triax 18 are some of the best running shoes for flat feet. People with flat feet should buy shoes that offer more stability. To determine if your feet are low arched, inspect your footprint after you get out the shower; a wide straight footprint indicates you have low arched feet. For those trying to find the best running shoes for high arches you can always get Nike Air Max + 2015, Adidas Supernova Glide 7, and Brooks Running Pure cadence; these are great options.

Intended Use

Lastly, you should consider where you will be using the shoes. Some shoes are designed for roads and are usually light and flexible and have the ability to stabilize your feet while you jog. Shoes that are built for off-road courses offer more stability and are usually more durable.

By keeping this information in mind, it will be easier for you to find the best running shoes.

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What Is Multiple Systems Atrophy (MSA)?

Multiple Systems Atrophy (MSA) is the name of a family of progressive neurodegenerative diseases formerly known as Shy Drager Syndrome, Sporadic Olivopontocerebellar Atrophy and Striatonigral Degeneration.

Multiple Systems Atrophy is characterized by failure of the autonomous nervous system which causes different symptoms:

– Orthostatic Hypotension

– Erectile Dysfunction

– Constipation or Diarrhea

– Neurogenic Bladder

– Lightheadedness

– Dysphagia

The other symptoms are of the extrapiramidal system:

– Parkinson-Like Tremor

– Rigidity

– Dysarthria

– Ataxia

– Apraxia

And there are also symptoms associated with the cognition areas of the brain:

– Dementia

Multiple Systems Atrophy affects both men and women. Its symptoms usually start in the fifth decade of life. Most people affected by this syndrome do not live more than ten years.
Once the symptoms begin, there is no remission.

There is no known treatment up to the date this review was written. Drugs that are used to treat Parkinson symptoms can be of help (levodopa and others); however, striatonigral degeneration does not respond well.

When people develop dysphagia or any other problems that limit their capacity to swallow, the a feeding tube can be used. Sometimes even surgery can help with a Gastrostomy to avoid the complications associated with feeding tubes.

Some people even develop breathing difficulties due to muscle rigidity, Dystonia, and continuous bronchoaspiration. When these problems occur, a tracheostomy is advised.
When they have neurogenic bladder, a catheter must be used to ensure urinary flow or they could develop kidney disease.

All of these factors can lead to infections which are the main cause of death among these patients.

Fainting Room and Daybeds – A Story Behind the History

In the Victorian Era, daybeds were commonly used as a place for women to rest during the middle of the day. They are a cross between a chaise lounger, bed, and sofa, allows the guest to rest comfortably yet still attain it's aesthetic appeal. These types furnishings are commonly found in rooms called "fainting rooms".

As you might have guessed, a fainting room was a room that women could rest in when they felt fault. During the Victorian period, the "hourglass" shape was a distinction that most women bought after. To attain a hourglass figure, women would have to wear a corset that tightened the mid-torso to the point where the rib cage and internal organs were pressured. With the increased tightness and the lungs depressed, there was less oxygen flow from the constricted breathing due to the use of the corset. This resolved in women failing from suffering for long periods of time in a corset while being unable to breath normally.

Now, daybeds are used in many homes that need practical living space with the spacial capacity function. They are sold in roughly four pieces, headboard, two side rails, and the link spring. Optionally, the pop up trundle is used to hold an extra twin size mattress. They are made similar to the ones used in fainting rooms, and now make a nicely elegant piece in standard home decor.

Our favorite daybed is the Surrey Honey Pine Finish Solid Wood because of the sleigh bed design and sturdy wood construction. This particular item is made from solid wood and has a large space underneath the bed that can be used for storage or the pop up trundle.

American Red Cross Measles Initiative

In 1862, a book published by Jean Henri Duhant, titled Un Souvenir de Solferino, ended with this plea …

"Would it not be possible to find and organize in all civilized countries permanent societies of volunteers who in time of war would give help to the wounded without regard to their nationality?"

This idea won favorable response and on October 18, 1863, delegates form sixteen nations and several charitable organizations met in Geneva to discuss Duhant's idea. This conference laid the groundwork for the Red Cross movement. It took the United States 18 years to recognize this Red Cross movement. Sometimes they did though, and since then the Red Cross has grown and expanded upon its services. In today's world the Red Cross provides many services such as Disaster, Biomedical, Heath and Safety Training, Community, Armed Forces Emergency, and International services.

Today I want to focus on the Measles Initiative program that the American Red Cross has played a very dramatic role in. The Measles Initiative is a long-term commitment to control Measles deaths in Africa by vaccinating 200 million children through both mass and follow up campaigns in up to 36 Sub-Saharan African countries.

To better understand the program one should have a full understanding of the disease Measles. Measles is a disease that attacks the body, inside and out. Usually a child does not directly die form Measles but from the complications that attack their already weak immune systems in the days following. The reason that measles is such a life threatening disease in Africa is mostly because of the poor living conditions and lack of health care. In America the typical red spots on the surface of the skin usually signs a mild case of measles, the same rash in Africa becomes a severe attack on the child's skin surfaces, gut, cornea, and lungs. Measles can cause high fever, peeling of skin, blindness, diarrhea, malnutrition, brain damage, and pneumonia. Measles is just one more attack on bodies that are already unhealthy like those of the African children.

Measles is one of the most highly contagious diseases known, and it is transported through the air. A child can contract measles and not have any symptoms anywhere from seven to ten day. In an area where nearly everyone has not been vaccinated this statistic has a catastrophic effects. In Africa they live in cramped areas, many times sharing a bed with a brother or sister. In this case the disease can be passed on through the living quarters, in which the last person to become exposed would contract the most severe case of the disease because of the high doses of measles that were in their surroundings. Therefore in Africa this disease is the number one death in children. Mostly because they are victims of circumstance, circumstance being defined as being born into poverty, being born into poor living conditions, and being born into a place that lacks health care.

Through the American Red Cross these children have been given a light. These children fear measles like an American child fears the boogieman. They envision it as some kind of monster, but in their world this monster is not make believe. Instead of singing nursery rhymes or the latest N'Sync songs these children sing songs of measles. Like the lyrics you will find below:

The lyrics to this song, simplified and without repeating the chorus over and over, go like this ..

I am measles, Killer disease.

Take your child for Immunization

November 17, November 18, November 2001

Take the shot for immunization

From the age of 5 months to the age of 5years

Our parents work hard

Take your child for immunization

Immunization everywhere

Take your child for Immunization

As they sing this song, a child dressed in a red monster suit, represents measurements. I find it really sad to hear and see these child's fears through a song that should be representing their childrens, but unfortunately in reality these songs are representing these children's childhoods. In Africa, Measles is referred to as Akwap, which means disease of the wind, and is associated with an African saying, "The second child with Measles always dies" You can understand this statistics. 1200 children die everyday of Measles in Africa. 51 children die every hour, and nearly every minute once child will die of Measles. These statistics are rented to be completely eliminated through the Measles Initiative, because even though it is the single leading cause of children's death in Africa, it is also the single leading vaccine preventable disease.

Therefore this mission intends to completely eradicate the disease altogether. For the cost of one American dollar, one child can be supervised, one child will be given a chance. This cost of one dollar includes all costs of the vaccine, syringes, health worker pay, logistics, and community mobilization. This is the most cost effective public health intervention available. Along with the actual vaccine each child is given a Vitamin A pill which aids in the development of health skin, hair, bones, and helps to boost the immune system in just one week. For most of the children this was the first form of medicine ever taken. The children are vaccinated from a couple months up to 15 years old, putting emphasis on infants to the age of five years old.

Currently the program's focus is on Africa. In 2001, 21 million children were vaccinated, preventing an estimated 47,000 deaths. In the second year they hope to support 9 more countries and vaccinate around 44 million children and prevent an additional amount of 51,000 deaths. This will help them to obtain their long-term plan, and by 2005, to eradicate Measles. This will be of benefit worldwide because people from all parts of the world have different reasons for not getting vaccinated. Some examples are the most obvious which is Africa, and this is because of poverty and lack of health care, in other parts of Africa beliefs stand in the way. A tribe by the name of the Tologelse people believes that when a child is infected with measures that the West African God of Disease for purification and blessing is visiting him or her.

Beliefs and poverty are not the only reason for not getting vaccinated; a surprising example for some might be Cleveland Ohio. While measure has been almost eliminated in the United States, should a child from another country that was exposed to Measles come to Cleveland, where immunizations of measles is at a low rate, could allow Measles to spread very quickly among the preschool population and cause quite an outbreak. People of America do not believe Measles to be a problem anymore so they avoid getting their children the immunization, and inevitably put them at risk.

So not only has the United States been a given and compassionate neighbor, but while doing it has educated Americans not only to get the vaccine, but also to be a good neighbor themselves and donate a dollar to protect others from this disease.

It also has inspired me to take the initiative .. While I was researching I found a place where I was able to make a donation. Now being the stereotypical poor college student that I am, I could not make an intense donation, but I could make one. I was able to give ten dollars, and with my ten dollars, ten children will be given a chance to live, something that I quite often take for granted. When I was just three years old I actually had measles, and luckily because of my circumstances, such as living conditions and health care, I could afford to beat the disease. I had my chance to live spread out on a silver platter, some people such as these African children are not lucky enough to be given those things in life that many of us take for granted.

So if you can, please take some time and think back on what I said. These children are afraid of Measles like it is a monster, their nursery rhymes are tales of where to get vaccinated, and some are not even given a name until they have had measles. One dollar that you would normally spend on the toll road to get to college could provide one child with a life, a future to look forward to.

Donations can be made at the Red cross website.