Stroke Rehabilitation Treatment Options

Stroke rehabilitation strives to help individuals who have suffered a stroke relearn verbal and daily living skills. The extent of rehabilitation depends on many factors such as the extent of damage to the brain, the knowledge of the rehabilitation team, the amount of support from family members and how soon recovery training has started.

According to MayoClinic, stroke rehabilitation should consist of a team of rehabilitation members from a variety of specialties such as physicians, nurses, speech therapists, occupational therapists, physical therapists, social workers, psychologists, therapeutic recreation workers and voluntary counselors. Physicians and nurseries that treat stroke patients specialize in neurology and rehabilitation. Speech therapists help those who have had a stroke regain communication skills. Occupational therapists can help individuals regain skills that make them fully functional in society. Physical therapists help people regain mobility. Social workers and psychologists can deal with social and emotional issues that affect stroke patients. Vocational counselors can help individuals regain skills to reenter the work after they have suffered a stroke. Therapeutic recreational therapists help individuals relearn hobbies that they were participants in before having a stroke.

WebMD states that stroke rehabilitation should occur while the patient is still in the hospital. The sooner the strike victim starts recovery the better. The best chance for patients to rehabilitate occurs within the first couple of months after a stroke has occurred. Most hospitals will offer five or six therapeutic sessions a week which lasts for approximately three hours. The length of a recovery program depends on the amount of damage the individual endured as a result of the stroke. Often it is a lifelong process although the majority of rehabilitation will occur during the first few weeks that follow a stroke.

Problems seen in stroke sufferers rely heavily on which side of the brain was affected during a stroke and the amount of damage caused by it. Often there are problems with body movements. Individuals suffering from a stroke may not be able to turn toward the side. They may also have trouble walking or getting up from a chair. They may need others to help them with daily living skills such as brushing their teeth, eating with utensils, drinking from a cup or picking up objects. Language and thinking is also frequently impaired in stroke sufferers. Emotional problems are often seen in these individuals due to fears, sadness or anger.

Stroke rehabilitation can help individuals who have suffered a stroke regain daily living skills and help them with emotional and physical problems. Progress takes time and patience in stroke sufferers.

Swine Flu H1N1 – Do not Get it This Flu Season

The swine flu virus has now been found in more than half of the world, s countries. The first cases which occurred in Mexico actually originated as an infection from pigs. This triggered a slaughter of pigs in some countries which was absolutely unnecessary since the virus while it may have originated from infected pigs is mainly spread by person to person contact. Anyone who is carrying the swine flu virus is a potential threat of infection to all others he comes in close contact with.

A vital question on everyone's mind is how do you protect yourself and your family from being infected with swine flu. With cases of rising especially in Asia and with an expected upsurge of infections in the Northern Hemisphere this flu season, it is imperative that people know how to properly protect themselves. However there is no foolproof way of protection but there are a number of things you can do which will minimize the risk of getting swine flu.

Firstly as we are told repeatedly by the media it is very important to wash your hands frequently. At any time when you have handled items which have been handled by other people you should wash your hands as soon as possible. Better still carry a small bottle of alcohol based hand sanitizer with you and use it whenever you can, t wash your hands. The obvious points where infection may be encountered are door handles, stairway and escalator hand rails, public transit door handles and support rails, counters and tables in fast food establishments and so on. Just a little thought about what you are handling and who may have handled it before you is a good idea.

As far as possible avoid putting your hands to your eyes, nose or mouth after handling anything and don, t handle food with hands that have not been washed or sanitized. Public places where large numbers of people are present are a prime source of airborne infection. When someone who is carrying the H1N1 swine flu virus coughs or sneezes tiny droplets of moisture laden with the virus drift in the air and if inhaled will infect you. Weaving a surgical type mask can help to avoid this if there are a lot of infections in your area. However a surgical mask is only partial protection at best since the virus can pass through it or around it and into your breathing passages.

It is a very good idea to avoid large crowds of people as much as possible. Shop early in the morning when supermarkets and stores have few people in them.Travel on public transit when it is least busy as much as you can. Again just a little thought about how you can best avoid exposure to the virus will go a long way to help in avoiding swine flu infection.

Avoid anyone who is coughing or sneezing in any public place. If someone at your workplace is showing any signs of infection they must be sent home immediately. Knowing them to spread swine flu to fellow employees will only result in more people having to stay home and may actually result in a shortage of manpower in some businesses. This will be minimized by ascertaining that anyone with the slightest sign of infection is immediately removed from the workplace.

General Clinical Assessment of Eyes, Ears, Nose, Mouth, Throat and Neck of a Newborn

Knowing the peculiarities of some body parts of the newborn ensure a very accurate clinical assessment to detect or differentiate between a healthy child and a sick one.

Eyes
Usually the newborn keeps his eyes tightly closed. It is best to begin the examination of the eyes by observing the lids for edema, which is normally present for the first 2 days after delivery. A mongoloid slant, the lateral upward slope of the eyes with an inner epicanthal fold. may be indicative of Down's syndrome, The eyes should be observed for symmetry and for hypertelorism. The mean distance between the inner distance is 2cm, 3cm or more is considered ocular hypertelorism.

Tears usually does not appear until the first or second month of life. Purulent discharge from the eyes shortly after birth may signify Ophthalmic neuronum caused by gonorrhea, Chemical irritation or conjunctivitis may appear within 1 hours after instillation of silver nitrate but should last only 24 hours. The doctor carefully notes and records any discharge.

In order to visualize the surface structures of the eyes, the doctor holds the infant supine and gently lowers the head. The eyes will usually open, similar to the mechanism of dolls' eyes. The Sclera should be white and clear. The Cornea is examined for the presence at birth but is generally not elicited without brain or eye damage is suspected. The pupil usually responds to light by constricting. Absence of the pupillary reflex. particularly by 3 weeks of age, suggests blindness. A fixed, dilated or constricted pupil may indicate anoxia or brain damage.

A searching nystagmus is common after birth. Strabismus is a normal finding because of the lack of binocularity. The color of the iris is noted. Most light-skinned newborns have slate gray or dark blue eyes, whereas dark-skinned infants have brown eyes. Absence of color is characteristic of albinism. Although it is quite difficult to perform a funduscopic examination of the retina, a red reflex should be icedited. Absence of the red reflex may indicate the presence of retinal heamorrhages or congenital cataracts.

Ears
The ears are examined for position, structure, and auditory function. The pinna is often flattened, An otoscopic examination is ordinarily not performed because the canals are filled with vermix caseosa and amnioti fluid. making visualization of the drum difficult. Auditory sbility can be assessed by making a sharp, loud noise close to the infant's head. Normally the infant will respond with a startle reflex or twitching of the eyelids. Absence of any behavioral response to a sudden noise may indicate congenital deafness and should always be reported.

Nose
The nose is usually flatted after birth, and bruises are not uncommon. Patency of the nasal canals can be assessed by holding the hand over the infant's mouth and one canal and noting the passage of air through the unobstructed opening. If nasal patency is questionable, it should be reported because newborns are obligatory nostrils.

Thin white mucus is very common in the newborn, but a think, bloody nasal discharge without sneezing is very common in the newborn. Flaring of the nares is always noted because it is a serious sign of air hunger from respiratory distress.

Mouth and throat
The doctor inspects the mouth to identify existing structures. The palate is typically high-arched and somewhat narrow; a common finding is Epstein's pearls- small, white, epithelial cysts along both sides of the midline of the hard palate. They are insignificant and disappear in several weeks.

The frenulum of the upper lip is a band of think, pink tissue that lies under the inner surface of the upper lip and extends to the maxillary alveolar ridge. It usually disappears as the maxilla grows. It is particularly evident when the infant yawns or smiles. The sucking reflex is elicited by placing a nipple or tongue blade in the infant's mouth. The infant should exhibit a strong, vicious suck. The root reflex is obtained by stroking the cheek and aware the infant's response of turning towards the stimulated side and sucking.

It is difficult to examine the back of the throat. If the doctor attempts to depress the tongue, the infant objects with strong reflex protrusion of the tongue. Therefore, it is best to visualize the Uvula while the infant is crying and the chin is depressed. However, the Uvula may be retracted upward and backward during crying. Tonsillar tissue is generally not seen in the newborn.

Neck
The newborn's neck is short and covered with folds of tissue. Adequate assessment of the neck requires allowing the head to fall gently backward in hyper-extension while the back is supported in a slightly raised position. The doctor observes for range of motion, shape, and any abnormal masses.

How to Deal With a Gunshot or Stab Wound

Although the chances of getting shot or stabbed are slim, if you ever find yourself in a situation where you can help, or where you need to treat yourself, knowing some basic tips could make all the difference.

First of all make sure that you do not put yourself in any danger, if there is a gunman or a knife wielding maniac on the loose, do not put yourself in any further danger. By becoming a casualty yourself, you will be making the situation much worse. If you are the victim of the attack, getting away from your attacker will save you from any further harm.

Next you need to call for the emergency services, you will need immediate help and protection, which the police and ambulance services can provide. They will also provide a quick means to getting you or the patient to the hospital.

Depending where the wound is will determine how much time you will have before you or the patient becomes very poorly. If you had a wound to the chest, then depending if any of the major organs or blood vessels were damaged you may only have seconds left. If it was to the arms or legs then you may have more time. It can be a matter of a few cm’s between major arteries and organs, meaning you may not know how long you have before time starts running out. Wherever the injury is, you will need to put great pressure on the site to stop any bleeding.

Unless you are injured to the brain, heart, or lungs, blood loss will be the first thing that is going to kill you or the patient. The amount of damage from a gunshot wound or stabbing will cause significant bleeding to that site, and if any arteries are involved, then blood will be pumping out. If the injury is to a limb, try and place a tourniquet above the wound site. This could be a belt or some type of fabric. The idea of a tourniquet is to apply so much pressure that it stops the blood being pumped to that area via the major arteries. The amount of pressure will hurt, but you need to try and put as much as you can until the bleeding has stopped. If you achieve this then place great pressure on the site of the wound to help further stop the bleeding.

If you cannot get a tourniquet, then apply great pressure to the wound site.

If the injury is to the body, then you need to apply great pressure to the site. Again the idea is to stop the bleeding you can see, and the bleeding internally that you can’t. This may hurt, but the more you can stem the bleeding, the more time you are buying from bleeding out.

Keep this pressure on until the emergency services arrive to take over care.

Gadgets and Health

We all love our gadgets but do our gadgets love us? The news is full of reports about the links between health and gadgets. Parents are equipping their children with cell phones at youngger ages, and new laws are in place to make driving with cell phones safer. We thought we'd take a look at the current state of health and gadgets and came up with this assessment.

Cell Phones

Microwave radiation, thermal radiation, electro-magnetic fields, repetitive stress, and even psychological harm; the list of potential threats goes on and on. There is a lot of science being applied to studying the effects of gadgets on our health. At the same time there are also a lot of myths in circulation.

History is full of examples where health hazards like asbestos, cigarettes, and lead in paint went unrecognized or even intentionally suppressed. Many recent studies show no harmful effects from cell phone use however, some long terms studies have turned up disconcerting findings. And there are always that group of neurosurgeons who will not hold their phones next to their ears.

In either case there is enough doubt to warrant some caution. According to one recent report from the University of Pittsburgh Cancer Institute, "Studies in humans do not indicate that cell phones are safe, nor do they yet clearly show that they are dangerous. But, growing evidence indicates that we should reduce exposures, while research continues on this important question. "

Real or perceived, cell phones represent potential threats for a number of reasons including:

Microwave Electromagnetic Radiation

A typical GSM cell phone can generate up to 2 watts of power at microwave frequencies. SAR (Specific Absorption Rates) values ‚Äč‚Äčindicate how much radiation is absorbed by the body and is limited by government standards. Despite the fact that cell phone radiation is characterized as non-ionizing or too weak to damage genes, concern remains for thermal effects and blood-brain barrier leakage. Younger cell phone users could have been more vulnerable to adverse effects.

A 2007 Israeli study recently linked microwave radiation from frequent cell phone use (22 hours a month) to an increased risk of salivary gland cancer. The report, published in the American Journal of Epidemiology also notes that risk was higher in rural areas where cell phones transmit at higher levels to compensate for weaker signals.

Thumbs Down for Texting to Prevent RSI

One saving grace for young people using cell phones is that they typically spend more time texting than talking. The only problem is that thumbs, having evolved for gripping things, are not so well adapted for poking things and as a result many cell phone users are suffering from RSI (repetitive stress injury). Recent reports recommend texting with two thumbs at a time.

Cell Phone Elbow

From the same orthopedic specialists that greeted you carpal tunnel syndrome, we now have cubital tunnel syndrome. The ulnar nerve runs under the funny bone to your fingers. When this nerve gets stretched by cell phone users holding a phone up to their ear for long periods, it can become weakened. Blood supply to the nerve can also be affected. The result is pain.

Car Accidents

If it's not one thing like microwave radiation, it could be another thing like being distracted while driving and crashing your car. Many statistics now point to dramatic increases in traffic accidents from talking or texting while driving. Almost hands free devices do not help much.

Minimize Risks

  1. Talk and listen from a distance when possible; use the speaker phone or use hands-free devices (Bluetooth is good, wired headsets are best)
  2. Avoid "second hand," radiation; keep your distance from someone talking on their phone.
  3. Be aware of the radiation coming from your own cell phone and do not use it in close proxies to a child.
  4. Cell phones communicate to the carrier even when you're not using your phone. Put your phone on the desk when in the office, carry it in your purse, and do not sleep with it under your pillow
  5. In addition to distance, shorter duration of exposure can minimize risks. Be brief, limit your calls and use a landline if possible. Switch answers periodically or use text messages when possible.

Other Gadgets, Other Risks?

Cell phones are just one type of gadget that might represent a health risk. Some other potential harm could come from these:

  • MP3 players at high volume levels can damage your ears and cause hearing loss. MP3 players may interfere with pacemakers and we've heard that you can hurt your thumb from too much iPod "scrolling?"
  • Big flat panel TVs can be dangerous falling objects that have caused serious injuries to children.
  • There is concern that laptops can cause fertility problems in men from the heat t laptops generate on the lap (area).
  • We've seen some reports about laser printers emitting ultrafine particles from the toner that can damage your lungs and there are also ozone emissions from laser printers.

No Cause for Alarm

After all is said and done, are we going to stop using our cell phones – probably not. With a little caution especially for kids and cell phones and a little common sense about using gadgets, we do not see any reason not to go out and buy that new flat panel TV, smart phone, camcorder, or new laptop. In fact, Retrevo is just the place to learn what to buy, when to buy it, and where to get the best deal.

How to Naturally Correct Narsightedness?

Millions of people all over the world want to know how to naturally correct nearsightedness? The best way to naturally correct your nearsightedness is through a series of eye relaxation exercises. Studies have found that stress and strain have an affect on your vision and eye relaxation exercises help reduce these factors.

Here are a few simple eye relaxation exercises that you can do through out the day:

  • Sit and relax, roll your eyes clockwise, blink, then roll your eyes counter-clockwise. Repeat five times
  • Hold a pencil in front at arm's length. Move your arm slowly to your nose, follow then pencil with your eyes until you can not focus. Repeat 10 times.
  • Look in front of you at the opposite wall and pretend you are writing with your eyes, without turning your head. The bigger the letters are, the better it is for your eyes.
  • Focus on a distant object at least 150 feet away for several seconds then slowly refocus on a near object less than 30 feet away. Stay focused on the nearby object for several seconds then focus on the distant object again. Repeat 4 times.

As you can see these exercises are very easy to follow and you can do them just about anywhere. Exercising your eyes for short periods several times a day are more important than exercising them for longer periods.

Now you have a few tips to help you naturally correct your nearsightedness. After the first day of performing eye relaxation exercises you should notice a difference in how your eyes feel.

Causes of Loss of Hearing in Children

Hearing loss can be broken down into various categories such as sensorineural, conductive or mixed. Sensorineural occurs when the inner ear, cranial nerve, or the central processing centers of the brain are damaged. This type of loss is usually permanent and can not be corrected medically or surgically. Conductive returns to a problem in the ear that interferees with sound, such as earwax buildup, and can usually be surgically or medically corrected. Mixed is a combination of sensorineural and conductive loss of hearing.

There are many different reasons why a child may suffer loss of hearing. Some of those are listed below.

Hearing loss can be genetic, meaning that it is passed from the parents to the children. Some parents do not have hearing problems, but carry a recessive gene. If that is the case, the loss of hearing generally occurs in one out of every four children. Normally, there is no other deafness in the family, so the presence of the recessive gene is not expected. In other cases, one or both parents may carry a dominant gene and suffer some type of loss that has about a 50 percent chance of being passed on to their children. X-linked hearing loss occurs when the mother carries a recessive trait for hearing loss in the sex chromosome. In those cases, the hearing loss will only be passed on to the sons.

Premature babies, especially those born before seven months gestation, do not have a mature auditory system and can suffer from sensorineural loss of hearing. Oxygen deprivation during birth and a condition called jaundice may also cause this loss within infants.

Infections in the mother prior to birth can cause hearing loss in the child by damaging the inside of the ear. Such infections include measles, syphilis, some forms of herpes and toxoplasmosis. Maternal diabetes can also cause hearing problems in children.

Infections during childhood can damage the inner ear and result in hearing loss. Some of those include mumps, measles, chicken pox and bacterial or viral meningitis.

Meningitis causes an inflammation of the brain and spinal cord covering. The hearing nerves became irreversibly affected resulting in hearing loss. This is the most common after-effect of meningitis. The loss can range from mild to profound deafness.

In most cases, a hearing aid will help restore hearing to the extent that the child can attend school and function normally. The type of hearing aid will depend on the type and extent of the loss. Behind-the-ear devices are often recommended due to their durability and to growth and safety issues of the child. This type of hearing aid rests behind the ear and a plastic tube runs from the device into the ear canal. Children's hearing aids are now made using advanced technology and include many new practical features.

If it is suspected that a child is suffering from hearing loss, parents should immediately have their child tested by an audiologist so that the reason for the loss can be determined and treatment options explored. It is important to discover the reason for the hearing loss. In some cases, lack of treatment can result in total deafness of the child.

Display Fridges in Deli’s

If you own a deli, then the best way to display your products to the consumer would be by using a deli display fridge. Although they are labelled as used in a deli, many other types of business employ these types of display fridge such as sandwich shops, bakeries and any other type of business that needs some sort of refrigerated display space.

The Different Types of Display Fridge

The first type of deli display fridge available is the countertop refrigerator that doubles up as a counter whilst showing off your items to the customer. These types of display counter allow the customer to choice what they would like from one side and the shop assistant can serve from behind the counter top, retrieving the items through a slid door at the back. This is very useful as it only allows the staff access to the goods and this increases hygiene and cleanliness levels.

The second type of deli display fridge is the type that you see up against the wall with a clear front door on it, usually selling bottles of pop or some other item that is visibly seen without the need to open the door. Not only does this continue to keep the items chilled whilst the customer is browsing, but it also saves energy consumption and therefore the cost of your utility bills go down.

The third type of display fridge that you may wish to use in a deli is a bid of a hybrid between the counter top and drinks display fridges. It stands against a wall but has no door on it, just shelving, and they are perfect for keeping pre-packed sandwiches, cakes and chocolate chilled.

Optional Features

Although these are optional features, you would be totally lost without them if they weren’t part of your display fridge set up. The two main items are the ability to adjust shelving and a temperature gauge.

If you are selling different products all the time in your shop, it is vital that you can change the shop displays to suit what you are going to sell. The adjustable shelving feature is also good for keeping your display fridge clean as it allows you to remove shelves and panels from the unit completely.

If you have a temperature gauge built in to the unit then it is a lot easier for your staff to keep a close eye on the temperature without then need to get out the thermometer and leave it for a while so that it shows the true temperature of the fridge. This is a basic precaution in food hygiene and is one of the first things that local shop inspectors look at when checking out whether the shop is carrying out its duties to customers.

Freezer Apartments

If you find that your business will benefit from the use of freezer space but you don’t what to pay for a separate freezer then many manufacturers offer up dual freezer / fridge counter top display units. They will be exponentially more expensive than just a simple display fridge but the benefits to your business could be massive, depending on what you are offering to your customer.

Warranties

If you are spending a lot of money on an expensive product then it is always useful to know the warranty information. The main warranty will of course be from the manufacturer of the product and anything that goes wrong within the warranty period will mean that the manufacturer will repair or replace this unit. Sometimes it makes good business sense to extend those warranties, either with the manufacturer, retailer or some other third party in case of breakdown. Although it is another monthly cost, you have to bear in mind that if your fridge goes down for just one day, the business you lose because of it could be massive. It should always be a consideration!

Glaucoma and Eye Symptoms Caused by Prescriptions For Depression – When to Call Your Optometrist

Serotonin re uptake inhibitors are as common as aspirin today (and probably much safer). There category as selective serotonin re uptake inhibitors is a long winded way of saying it makes the molecule serotonin stay around longer and act on you brain instead of being recycled. This allows a prolonged action of serotonin, one of the feel good molecules used to treat depression and a variety of other conditions. The eye has numerous receptor sites where serotonin acts, though they are not well understood at this time. A number of other prescription drugs also fall in this category.

One thing they share in common is a tendency to mildly dilate the pupils. This is rarely a problem, but if you have been told you have "Narrow Angles" or are susceptible to angle closure glaucoma it can be a concern. Farsighted patients have smaller drainage angles for the fluid inside the eye to escape back into the general circulation. With age, the lens inside the eye grows and moves forward, further restricting the drainage channels. When you enter into a dark room or movie theater the pupil naturally dilates also. When diluted, the colored tissue known as the iris bunches up it's outside edges. This thickens right at the location where the fluid is supposed to drain out. In a normal eye there is plenty of extra space to compensate for this but eyes with narrow angles start to be blocked by the bunched up iris tissue. Occasionally, the drain can be completely blocked and since fluid is being produced in the eye the pressure skyrockets up.

Usually these results in an acute attack of a very painful, blurry red eye with nausea and headaches. Drugs like Prozac in a rare handy cases have been known to push this process over the edge and precipitate angle closure glaucoma attacks. While very illegally, if you have narrow angles you should be aware of this, since this form of glaucoma is curable with early treatment.

The other possibility from this category of drugs is a transient rise in eye pressure for several weeks (although some cases report drops in pressure). If you have just started Prozac or a similar drug and your eye pressure readings are a little high, discuss this with your optometrist and have the pressures retested in 2-3 weeks. There is usually a return to normal if it is a mild medication induced increase. A retest in a few weeks could save you money on unnecessary treatment and testing.

One of the anti convulse-ant drugs used to treat epilepsy, migraines and depression has also been documented to cause angle closure glaucoma in a small number of patients. This tend to occur in the first few months and there are not necessarily predisposing factors. If you start having eye symptoms shortly after starting one of these medications notify your doctors immediately. Finally, be happy that we have treatments that have such better safety profiles than the prior generation.

Baby Nasal Aspirator – Proper Use and Types

Physicians generally recommend that nasal mucus be removed when possible in order to avoid infection that can spread to the ears – as well as to reduce your child's discomfort. Infant and newborn nasal congestion is due to the blockage of the nasal passes typically due build-up of mucus or the membranes lining the nose becoming swollen from inflated blood vessels.

It is also known as nasal blockage, nasal obstruction, blocked nose, runny nose, stuffy nose, or stuffed up nose. Nasal congestion can range from a mild annoyance to a life-threatening condition. Newborns can only breathe through the nose (newborns are "distinguish nose breathers"). Infant congestion can interfere with breastfeeding and cause life-threatening respiratory distress. Mucus that remains in the nose for long periods of time can cause sinus infections that can spread to the ears.

The question then is, what is the best method and tool to accomplish this?

Baby nasal aspirators to remove nasal mucus are generally of three types: 1) Bulb syringe 2) Battery-powered and 3) Self-suctioning. The last type is generally considered as the most effective because, by using your own suction, the operator can effectively generate greater and more consistent suction. Self-suctioning type aspirators are designed so that mucus is captured in a receptacle or a filter so that the operator (most often a parent) is not exposed to mucus and germs.

Hospitals send new parents home with traditional bulb-type nasal aspirators, however, they are not necessarily the best tool for the job. The main drawback of the bulb syringe aspirator is that because the bulb is of limited size, it can only generate limited suction. This requires that the bulb be inserted into the nostril of the child repeatedly in order to remove mucus. This is difficult with a child that will inevitably be squirming and can cause damage to the delicate nasal membranes.

We have tested all available battery-operated nasal aspirators on the market today and generally find them to be ineffective for the reason that they do not generate sufficient suction. A battery-powered vacuum pump is not generally strong enough to remove mucus that is deeper inside the sinus cavity, and this is the mucus that is most important to remove.

Baby nasal aspirators that employ self-suctioning have the advantage that the amount of suction that can be generated is limited only by the lung capacity of the operator. Here we would like to address some of the typical concerns that parents have regarding self-suctioning baby nasal aspirators:

Concern: I will catch my child's cold using a self-suctioning aspirator.
Response: Virus and bacteria are water-borne, they can only be spread if they are contained in droplets of water or mucus. Properly designed self-suctioning aspirators are designed specifically to prevent the passage of droplets through the suction tube. In addition, self-suctioning aspirators generally employ filters to catch liquid droplets.

Concern: I will generate too much suction and injure my child
Response: We only need consider the relatively large pressures generated by sneezing, which can exceed velocities of 100 miles per hour. Compared to this the pressure generated by a parent suction is relatively low, on the order of 1 / 10th the velocity and therefore pressure. In other words, the body is designed to withstand and indeed generate significantly more sinus pressure than is created in the nasal suctioning process.

How to Disinfect a Wound

Often, individuals may be required to disinfect their own wounds. This may happen across different scenarios, involving both minor injuries, wherein the wound can be treated at home, and also major injuries, in which a need needs to be contained at the earliest point in order to prevent the chance of infection.

Here in this article, we will take a look at some of the most effective methods concerning how to disinfect a wound.

How to Disinfect a Wound

In order to disinfect a wound, the area must be thoroughly cleaned. Here are some of the most effective ways to disinfect a wound:

– Before tending to any wound, make sure to wash your hands thoroughly with soap and water.

– If you have medical gloves, make sure to use them. Bare hands should be the final resort.

– Rinse the wound thoroughly with cold water for at least 10 minutes. This will remove any debris and dirt on the wound and will reduce the chances of infection.

– Water under moderate pressure or a water spray may be used for cleaning the wound.

– If wounds are very dirty, light scrub them. If debris can not be dislodged, small tweezers-preferably sterilized-should be used to remove the stubborn dirt.

– Once the wound has been completely cleaned, pat dry.

– After drying, apply antiseptic or antibiotic cream.

– If any cotton or other material for wearing the wound is available, the wound can be covered.

– Any bandage or dressing done on top of a wound will need to be well sealed to protect the sensitive area, but must not be too tight.

– If you decide on not visiting a doctor, the bandages and dressings will need to be changed on a regular basis. Disinfectants may be applied to the wound while changing the dressing.

These steps can help in containing a wound to a certain degree. However, depending on the severity of the wound and the amount of dirt and debris present, individuals are recommended to seek proper medical attention at the earliest possible point.

An injured person should only clean their own wounds to the best of their ability.

When in a calamity, if there is no access to immediate medical help, an injured person must remain calm and behave in a rational manner. It is best to attend to one's own wounds and disinfect them as soon as possible before there is a risk of an infection. We have taken a look at how to disinfect a wound and these steps must always be kept in mind when faced with such a situation. Doing so will prevent complications until proper medical attention can be provided.

One Man Was Not Only Healed But Made Whole – It Was As If He Had Never Contracted This Disease

Walking into a village one day, Jesus Christ is met by ten lepers.

These men would be sorry sights. Their bodies were riddled with this horrible disease. They came as near as they might dare. Men with leprosy had to keep away from others, one hundred paces at least.

Crying out, they ask Jesus for mercy. This was no beautiful quiet whispered prayer. That does not happen when you are desperate.

Leprosy, like sin, is contagious.

It is loathsome, spreads easily, and separates people from people. Jesus saw these deformed limbs and diseased bodies, and had compassion on them. How could Jesus do anything else? Was this not why he had come into the world? This was certainly one of the main reasons.

Jesus cave these lepers very specific instructions. He commanded them with that authority which only the Son of God could exercise. They were cleared of their leprosy, immediately. Read the account of what actually happened as it was written by a medical doctor. Turn to the detail of this scenario in Luke Chapter 17.

One of the ten, a Samaritan, saw that he was healed. The pain disappeared. The sores vanished.

He came back to the place where Jesus was, and worshiped God with a loud voice, falling down at Jesus feet, giving Him thanks.

When you have been so touched by the living God, being 'dignified' becomes comparatively unimportant.

Jesus asked, "Were there not ten of you? Where are the other nine?

Looking at this one man who returned to express gratitude, Jesus Christ says, "Rise and go. Your faith has made you whole."

He was not just healed. He was made whole. It was as if he had never had leprosy. On his body there would be no remaining marks, scars, or any other painful reminders.

Jesus does not just want to deal with a specific problem or trouble. His desire is to make men whole. What more does a man require?

Sandy Shaw

Myoskeletal Alignment and Nerve Pain

Manual therapists often blame nerve root pressure for pain arising from spinal misalignment. Pinched nerves are commonly targeted as the reason for unexplained neck and back pain. For years, bodyworkers have blamed nerve root compression for pain due to spinal misalignment. However, today most of the medical community disregard the “pinched-nerve theory” because of an absence of neurological signs such as paresthesias, tingling, numbness, motor loss, etc.

Some researchers dismiss the nerve root as a pain sensitive structure. Most do agree that pinched nerves can occur in extreme cases of trauma, muscle entrapments, and chronic degenerative disc disease. To experience nerve entrapment… lie on your side, place an arm above your head, and rest on that arm for a few minutes. The arm will eventually lose sensation as the nerve is stretched and compressed. This is an example of ‘pinching’ of a nerve.

There is a catch (no pun intended). Severe compression of a ‘healthy’ nerve may cause paresthesias, motor loss, sensory deficits, and loss of normal reflexes…but pain is absent. On the other hand, if the compression continues and the nerve’s dural sheath is rubbed raw, becomes inflamed (intraneural edema) and then compressed…pain will be present. This “silent nerve root compression syndrome” was first hypothesized by James E. Wilberger, MD in the Journal of Neurosurgery. His research suggests that time is required before functional alterations create mechanical nerve fiber deformation and accompanying pain.

How’s it work? Compression on an inflamed sensory nerve or its surrounding capillary beds over a length of time can cause the brain to experience pain (nociception). The pressure on the tethered nerve causes muscle cell contraction which leads to altered firing order patterns, protective spasm, faulty posture, wasted energy, and pain. However, it is rare for extended pain to exist as a result of nerve compression.

Pain caused by oxygen deprivation of the sensitive nerve tissues is a far more typical occurrence. This harmless and reversible condition can be extremely painful. Chronic back pain is most commonly blamed on pathologies such as herniated discs, bone spurs, etc., The pain often results from mechanical strain on joint related tissues such as spinal ligaments, joint capsules and muscles.

Here’s the good news. There is a form of manual therapy that can effectively treat both types of problems; the reduction in nerve function (tingling and numbness) as seen in piriformis and thoracic outlet syndromes, and also pain due to nerve fiber irritation. The objective of Myoskeletal Alignment(R) is to improve joint mechanics in the affected area to allow healing of the joint and surrounding soft tissues.

In Myoskeletal Therapy, the joint is held in a specific position with one hand and the surrounding soft tissues are stretched with the other. The client/patient isometrically contracts to a count of 5 and relaxes as resistance is met. This isometric muscle contraction is followed by a pin-and-stretch articular mobilization which releases motion-fixated joints. This very effective manual therapy technique often alleviates pain immediately once the abnormal joint position is corrected. This allows better movement with less nerve pain.

There will always be a certain amount of discussion over what symptoms qualify to be called a pinched nerve. Many nerve compression experts will continue believing that neurological tissue can be only be compressed by bone. Others maintain that a herniated disc and osteoarthritis are the primary culprits leading to a weak nerve signal.

Canaloplasty – A Surgical Alternative For Glaucoma

Our eyesight is precious to us. Every day we rely on seeing the very things we take for granted.

Our language is littered with expressions like; “Look over there”, “Did you see that”, “In our field of vision” and similar expressions related to seeing.

The rise in eye pressure or intraocular eye pressure (IOP), puts pressure on the optic nerve at the back of the eye. This pressure on the optic nerve increases the likelihood of permanent damage to this vital nerve. When this occurs our peripheral vision is reduced – permanently. We see less and less around the edge of our area of vision, ultimately leading to a condition called tunnel vision and in severe cases blindness. It is because of this gradual decline in our vision that glaucoma is often referred to as the silent thief.

Traditionally, glaucoma has been treated with medications usually, in the form of eye drops. Do you forget doses? Do you find applying eye drops fiddly? Frustrated, with the on-going cost of these medications? With the advances in micro surgery, there are now viable surgical alternatives, which may reduce the need for eye drops and in many cases eliminate the need for eye drops altogether.

The usual method of surgery to lower eye pressure is trabeculectomy. This creates a hole in the sclera to let the aqueous fluid drain into the outer cyst or bleb. Trabeculectomy is still the surgical standard, but there are risks of complications such as infection, leakage, and irritation.

Another surgical option is Canaloplasty. This utilises a very small tube placed in the Canal of Schlemm (a small channel around the iris for draining eye-fluid or aqueous humor) to enlarge the drainage canal, allowing the fluid to drain more freely, thereby relieving pressure inside the eye. This has been a successful method of reducing the eye pressure causing glaucoma.

Canaloplasty is a valuable minimally invasive surgical option in patients with open angle glaucoma, particularly in patients at high risk from infection or bleeding.

Canaloplasty is a safe and new procedure taking advantage of the normal drainage system of the eye to safely treat increased pressure in people with glaucoma. A tiny incision is made to gain access to the eye. A microcatheter is inserted into the canal to enlarge the main drainage channel by injecting a sterile gel-like material called viscoelastic.

After the drainage channel is made larger, the microcatheter is removed and a suture is placed within the canal and tightened to make sure that it stays open. By opening the canal, it will drain correctly, and the pressure inside the eye will be relieved.

Some points to remember about Canaloplasty

* Can safely lower eye pressure (IOP) by up to 40%

* Reduces or eliminates the need for eye-drops

* Less risk of complications after surgery

* Glaucoma now under control.

Only your doctor can decide if canaloplasty is right for you – talk to your doctor.

Imagine waking up in the morning and not having to puts drops into your eyes or like me having to remember to apply eye drops three times a day. Memory is such a fickle thing with age!

How to Set-Up a Trade Show Display for Your Products

When you are setting up a trade show display for your products, it is important to keep in mind that the two primary reasons for participating in trade shows are (1) to increase name recognition for your company and (2) to generate leads.

Increase Name Recognition

Signage can make or break you at a trade show. Your signage is what trade show attendees notice before they notice what items are displayed on your table. Make sure that your company name and logo are prominently displayed so that people walking up and down the aisles can easily see them. Do not assume that having brochures on your table is sufficient to generate name recognition. Something has to attract people to stop by your table before they ever get a chance to see your brochure.

It is a good idea to have a raised element with your logo and company name prominently displayed. You could set up a screen behind your booth, or have a standing display directly on your table. The key is to have your company name and logo at eye level so that people can easily see them as they are strolling through the maze of vendor displays. The logo should be bold, and the name of your company should be large.

If people walk up to your exhibit and ask what company you are representing, you really need to rethink your display before you attend your next trade show. What you would rather hear is, "Oh you work for XTGH Company. When people respond in this manner, the name of your company is going to stick with them. It is much better to have visitors who were transported to your booth because of your company's name rather than the ones who just stop for a free donut!

Generate Leads

One of the reasons people love going to trade shows is all of the freebies that vendors give out. Interesting specialty item giveaways and food a good tools for drawing people to your booth. With that said, keep in mind that a primary reason you are participating in a trade show in the first place is to generate leads.

While you do not want to be stingy with your booth goodies, you also do not want to encourage trade show attendees to "grab and run" either. Do not put 50 pens and three trays of cookies at the same time. If you put too many items out at one time, they'll be gone immediately and you will not have any leads to show for it.

An excellent way to generate leads is to have a "register to win" basket or fishbowl on your table. Mention your drawing to people when they stop by to say hi. While they are registering, offer them a pen or a snack. You'll end up getting a registration form or business card with complete contact information all for the cost of a promotional pen or a snack.

General Setup Do's and Don'ts for Your Trade Show Display

o Do not overcrowd your booth. Show a few representative products, along with literature about your company and your business cards.

o Make sure there is room for people to easily access to promotional items or food that you are giving away at the event.

o Have a ready supply of pens on hand for people to use to register for your giveaway drawing.

o Keep in mind that people will assume that pens and any other items you put out on your table are giveaways. Do not display expensive or irreplaceable items.

o Sit or stand behind your booth.

o Always, always, always smile and make eye contact with people who approach your booth.