Stroke Rehabilitation Treatment Options

Stroke rehabilitation strives to help individuals who have suffered a stroke relearn verbal and daily living skills. The extent of rehabilitation depends on many factors such as the extent of damage to the brain, the knowledge of the rehabilitation team, the amount of support from family members and how soon recovery training has started.

According to MayoClinic, stroke rehabilitation should consist of a team of rehabilitation members from a variety of specialties such as physicians, nurses, speech therapists, occupational therapists, physical therapists, social workers, psychologists, therapeutic recreation workers and voluntary counselors. Physicians and nurseries that treat stroke patients specialize in neurology and rehabilitation. Speech therapists help those who have had a stroke regain communication skills. Occupational therapists can help individuals regain skills that make them fully functional in society. Physical therapists help people regain mobility. Social workers and psychologists can deal with social and emotional issues that affect stroke patients. Vocational counselors can help individuals regain skills to reenter the work after they have suffered a stroke. Therapeutic recreational therapists help individuals relearn hobbies that they were participants in before having a stroke.

WebMD states that stroke rehabilitation should occur while the patient is still in the hospital. The sooner the strike victim starts recovery the better. The best chance for patients to rehabilitate occurs within the first couple of months after a stroke has occurred. Most hospitals will offer five or six therapeutic sessions a week which lasts for approximately three hours. The length of a recovery program depends on the amount of damage the individual endured as a result of the stroke. Often it is a lifelong process although the majority of rehabilitation will occur during the first few weeks that follow a stroke.

Problems seen in stroke sufferers rely heavily on which side of the brain was affected during a stroke and the amount of damage caused by it. Often there are problems with body movements. Individuals suffering from a stroke may not be able to turn toward the side. They may also have trouble walking or getting up from a chair. They may need others to help them with daily living skills such as brushing their teeth, eating with utensils, drinking from a cup or picking up objects. Language and thinking is also frequently impaired in stroke sufferers. Emotional problems are often seen in these individuals due to fears, sadness or anger.

Stroke rehabilitation can help individuals who have suffered a stroke regain daily living skills and help them with emotional and physical problems. Progress takes time and patience in stroke sufferers.

How to Cure MRSA

Mrsa stands for methicillin-resistant staphylococcus aureus is a bacterial infection resistant to antibiotic methicillin. Staphylococcus aureus, sometimes referred to simply as "staph," or "staph A" is commonly found on healthy peoples' skin. If the bacteria gets into the body it causes minor infections like boils or pimples while serious infections such as pneumonia or blood infections.

The most common antibiotic used is methicillin. Although it is very effective on most staph infections, some have developed a resistance to it and are no longer affected by it. The resistant bacteria are called methicillin-resistant staphylococcus aureus or MRSA.

What are the symptoms?

The symptoms are no different from the other types of Staph bacteria. The skin appears red and inflamed around wound sites. Serious cases may include fever, lethargy, and headache. MRSA also causes urinary tract infections, pneumonia, toxic shock syndrome, and even death.

How long do MRSA infections last?

Healthy people carry the bacteria in their nose or skin for weeks or even years. Some can sometimes effectively remove MRSA from their bodies even without treatment, however, the bacteria can return, if the individual undergoes antibiotic therapy.

Are there other antibiotics?

Yes. While it is resistant to many antibiotics and can be difficult to treat, some antibiotics can cure MRSA infections. However here is the problem. How long will it be before this cunning bacteria work its way around these other antibiotics?

How to cure or prevent MRSA?

Did you know that taking 1000 to 3000 mg per day of vitamin C is a great aid to wound healing? This water soluble vitamin / antioxidant can not be stored by the body, therefore it needs to be continuously replenished through our diet. There are other natural "from the kitchen remedies" that can be used as well for the cure and prevention of MRSA.

Swine Flu H1N1 – Do not Get it This Flu Season

The swine flu virus has now been found in more than half of the world, s countries. The first cases which occurred in Mexico actually originated as an infection from pigs. This triggered a slaughter of pigs in some countries which was absolutely unnecessary since the virus while it may have originated from infected pigs is mainly spread by person to person contact. Anyone who is carrying the swine flu virus is a potential threat of infection to all others he comes in close contact with.

A vital question on everyone's mind is how do you protect yourself and your family from being infected with swine flu. With cases of rising especially in Asia and with an expected upsurge of infections in the Northern Hemisphere this flu season, it is imperative that people know how to properly protect themselves. However there is no foolproof way of protection but there are a number of things you can do which will minimize the risk of getting swine flu.

Firstly as we are told repeatedly by the media it is very important to wash your hands frequently. At any time when you have handled items which have been handled by other people you should wash your hands as soon as possible. Better still carry a small bottle of alcohol based hand sanitizer with you and use it whenever you can, t wash your hands. The obvious points where infection may be encountered are door handles, stairway and escalator hand rails, public transit door handles and support rails, counters and tables in fast food establishments and so on. Just a little thought about what you are handling and who may have handled it before you is a good idea.

As far as possible avoid putting your hands to your eyes, nose or mouth after handling anything and don, t handle food with hands that have not been washed or sanitized. Public places where large numbers of people are present are a prime source of airborne infection. When someone who is carrying the H1N1 swine flu virus coughs or sneezes tiny droplets of moisture laden with the virus drift in the air and if inhaled will infect you. Weaving a surgical type mask can help to avoid this if there are a lot of infections in your area. However a surgical mask is only partial protection at best since the virus can pass through it or around it and into your breathing passages.

It is a very good idea to avoid large crowds of people as much as possible. Shop early in the morning when supermarkets and stores have few people in them.Travel on public transit when it is least busy as much as you can. Again just a little thought about how you can best avoid exposure to the virus will go a long way to help in avoiding swine flu infection.

Avoid anyone who is coughing or sneezing in any public place. If someone at your workplace is showing any signs of infection they must be sent home immediately. Knowing them to spread swine flu to fellow employees will only result in more people having to stay home and may actually result in a shortage of manpower in some businesses. This will be minimized by ascertaining that anyone with the slightest sign of infection is immediately removed from the workplace.

General Clinical Assessment of Eyes, Ears, Nose, Mouth, Throat and Neck of a Newborn

Knowing the peculiarities of some body parts of the newborn ensure a very accurate clinical assessment to detect or differentiate between a healthy child and a sick one.

Eyes
Usually the newborn keeps his eyes tightly closed. It is best to begin the examination of the eyes by observing the lids for edema, which is normally present for the first 2 days after delivery. A mongoloid slant, the lateral upward slope of the eyes with an inner epicanthal fold. may be indicative of Down's syndrome, The eyes should be observed for symmetry and for hypertelorism. The mean distance between the inner distance is 2cm, 3cm or more is considered ocular hypertelorism.

Tears usually does not appear until the first or second month of life. Purulent discharge from the eyes shortly after birth may signify Ophthalmic neuronum caused by gonorrhea, Chemical irritation or conjunctivitis may appear within 1 hours after instillation of silver nitrate but should last only 24 hours. The doctor carefully notes and records any discharge.

In order to visualize the surface structures of the eyes, the doctor holds the infant supine and gently lowers the head. The eyes will usually open, similar to the mechanism of dolls' eyes. The Sclera should be white and clear. The Cornea is examined for the presence at birth but is generally not elicited without brain or eye damage is suspected. The pupil usually responds to light by constricting. Absence of the pupillary reflex. particularly by 3 weeks of age, suggests blindness. A fixed, dilated or constricted pupil may indicate anoxia or brain damage.

A searching nystagmus is common after birth. Strabismus is a normal finding because of the lack of binocularity. The color of the iris is noted. Most light-skinned newborns have slate gray or dark blue eyes, whereas dark-skinned infants have brown eyes. Absence of color is characteristic of albinism. Although it is quite difficult to perform a funduscopic examination of the retina, a red reflex should be icedited. Absence of the red reflex may indicate the presence of retinal heamorrhages or congenital cataracts.

Ears
The ears are examined for position, structure, and auditory function. The pinna is often flattened, An otoscopic examination is ordinarily not performed because the canals are filled with vermix caseosa and amnioti fluid. making visualization of the drum difficult. Auditory sbility can be assessed by making a sharp, loud noise close to the infant's head. Normally the infant will respond with a startle reflex or twitching of the eyelids. Absence of any behavioral response to a sudden noise may indicate congenital deafness and should always be reported.

Nose
The nose is usually flatted after birth, and bruises are not uncommon. Patency of the nasal canals can be assessed by holding the hand over the infant's mouth and one canal and noting the passage of air through the unobstructed opening. If nasal patency is questionable, it should be reported because newborns are obligatory nostrils.

Thin white mucus is very common in the newborn, but a think, bloody nasal discharge without sneezing is very common in the newborn. Flaring of the nares is always noted because it is a serious sign of air hunger from respiratory distress.

Mouth and throat
The doctor inspects the mouth to identify existing structures. The palate is typically high-arched and somewhat narrow; a common finding is Epstein's pearls- small, white, epithelial cysts along both sides of the midline of the hard palate. They are insignificant and disappear in several weeks.

The frenulum of the upper lip is a band of think, pink tissue that lies under the inner surface of the upper lip and extends to the maxillary alveolar ridge. It usually disappears as the maxilla grows. It is particularly evident when the infant yawns or smiles. The sucking reflex is elicited by placing a nipple or tongue blade in the infant's mouth. The infant should exhibit a strong, vicious suck. The root reflex is obtained by stroking the cheek and aware the infant's response of turning towards the stimulated side and sucking.

It is difficult to examine the back of the throat. If the doctor attempts to depress the tongue, the infant objects with strong reflex protrusion of the tongue. Therefore, it is best to visualize the Uvula while the infant is crying and the chin is depressed. However, the Uvula may be retracted upward and backward during crying. Tonsillar tissue is generally not seen in the newborn.

Neck
The newborn's neck is short and covered with folds of tissue. Adequate assessment of the neck requires allowing the head to fall gently backward in hyper-extension while the back is supported in a slightly raised position. The doctor observes for range of motion, shape, and any abnormal masses.

St Johns Wort – A Beautiful Red Infusion Oil For Nerve Damage, Inflammation, and Sensitive Skin

St. John's Wort is an infusion oil made from the fresh flowering tops of the Hypericum perforatum plant. It lends a beautiful red color to the oil and is used for muscle and joint pain and inflammation, for nerve-related pain such as neuralgia. It is present in many first-aid preparations.

The active ingredient in St. Louis John's Wort oil is believed to be hypericin, which is found in the viscid oily substance in the glands of the leaves, petals and stems of the plant. The highest concentration is in the leaves, flowers and buds. Hypercin is known as a psychotropic activator of neuronal metabolism. This possibly accounts for it's mood-lifting properties. It is recommended for nerve pain such as neuralgia, sciatica and for some rheumatic pain.

St. John's Wort is an anti-inflammatory oil useful on wounds where there is nerve tissue damage or in infected nerve conditions such as sciatica, tennis elbow or carpal tunnel syndrome. It has also been reported as effective in treating a case of vitiligo (skin condition causing lack of pigmentation resulting in white patches). Hypericin, the red pigment, is being studied as a possible antiviral agent in the management of AIDS.

St. John's Wort was first recorded as being used in ancient Greece. Native Americans also used the herb. It is not recommended that this oil be taken orally as it can cause side effects. However, it is very safe to use this infused oil topically.

I like to use this oil for cases of nerve damage, especially for carpal tunnel, or tennis elbow. It is a great oil for skin care such as burns, bruises, hemorrhoids, varicose veins, sores and ulcers. I like to use it as a base oil to add essential oils. I will often combine it with Calendula infused oil for various skin aliments. This seems to heighten the effectiveness of both.

I like to make my own St. John's Wort maceration, and have given instructions for making macerated oils in another ezine article titled: How to Make Your Own Macerated Oils for Skin Care.

How to Deal With a Gunshot or Stab Wound

Although the chances of getting shot or stabbed are slim, if you ever find yourself in a situation where you can help, or where you need to treat yourself, knowing some basic tips could make all the difference.

First of all make sure that you do not put yourself in any danger, if there is a gunman or a knife wielding maniac on the loose, do not put yourself in any further danger. By becoming a casualty yourself, you will be making the situation much worse. If you are the victim of the attack, getting away from your attacker will save you from any further harm.

Next you need to call for the emergency services, you will need immediate help and protection, which the police and ambulance services can provide. They will also provide a quick means to getting you or the patient to the hospital.

Depending where the wound is will determine how much time you will have before you or the patient becomes very poorly. If you had a wound to the chest, then depending if any of the major organs or blood vessels were damaged you may only have seconds left. If it was to the arms or legs then you may have more time. It can be a matter of a few cm’s between major arteries and organs, meaning you may not know how long you have before time starts running out. Wherever the injury is, you will need to put great pressure on the site to stop any bleeding.

Unless you are injured to the brain, heart, or lungs, blood loss will be the first thing that is going to kill you or the patient. The amount of damage from a gunshot wound or stabbing will cause significant bleeding to that site, and if any arteries are involved, then blood will be pumping out. If the injury is to a limb, try and place a tourniquet above the wound site. This could be a belt or some type of fabric. The idea of a tourniquet is to apply so much pressure that it stops the blood being pumped to that area via the major arteries. The amount of pressure will hurt, but you need to try and put as much as you can until the bleeding has stopped. If you achieve this then place great pressure on the site of the wound to help further stop the bleeding.

If you cannot get a tourniquet, then apply great pressure to the wound site.

If the injury is to the body, then you need to apply great pressure to the site. Again the idea is to stop the bleeding you can see, and the bleeding internally that you can’t. This may hurt, but the more you can stem the bleeding, the more time you are buying from bleeding out.

Keep this pressure on until the emergency services arrive to take over care.

So Similar Yet Different – Can You Tell Between Herpes And Shingles?

Many people attach negative associations to the term ‘herpes’. In fact, there are small differences between shingles and herpes, which produce variations of the identical infection.

The sexually transmitted disease, genital herpes, normally occurs when a person has unprotected sex with numerous partners but it can occur in anybody who has had sex even if only once and their partner has the infection. Genital herpes is caused by the HSV (Herpes simplex virus).

There are almost 100 different types of herpes which affect humans – genital herpes or HSV-2 is only one, while other highly contagious herpes infections can be transmitted via casual contact.

For example, HSV-1 generally causes oral cold sores and may be contracted from infected people through sharing eating utensils or drinking glasses, a casual kiss or having skin to skin contact like wiping a child’s mouth if you have tears or saliva on the tips of your fingers.

Research shows that about 98% of healthy people carry and shed the HSV-1 virus without having an active outbreak. Research reveals how highly contagious it is and also how prevalent it is.

The cytomegalovirus is a herpes virus which causes flu like conditions in adults but may have devastating effects on unborn children.

Herpes varicella-zoster causes chicken pox in children. Prior to vaccine development, family and friends held ‘chicken pox parties’ so that children between 4 to 6 years were infected to prevent them contracting the disease when they grew older when it became a bigger health risk which could result in permanent damage and even death (in their 20’s and older). It produces greater discomfort and pain in older people while lasting longer.

Herpes varicella-zoster will most likely lie dormant for many years after an initial infection and has the potential to reactivate in certain conditions. The reactivated virus causes Shingles which is most common in people over 60 years old who may have considerable stress levels, younger people whose immune systems have been compromised, recipients of organ transplants, cancer victims or effects of medication on immune systems.

Shingles infection mostly presents in the body’s trunk or buttocks alongside specific nerve dermatomes and stays on one side following a specific nerve bundle pathway. Shingles and herpes differ in that shingles is not commonly reactivated a second time after healing (provided the person’s immune system is not compromised) while herpes can reoccur many times.

Shingles is normally painful and often clears on its own requiring supportive pain treatment. Herpetic neuralgia occurs sometimes when the pain does not disappear as the skin clears. It can cause nerve pain which is severe and difficult to control and treat.

Gadgets and Health

We all love our gadgets but do our gadgets love us? The news is full of reports about the links between health and gadgets. Parents are equipping their children with cell phones at youngger ages, and new laws are in place to make driving with cell phones safer. We thought we'd take a look at the current state of health and gadgets and came up with this assessment.

Cell Phones

Microwave radiation, thermal radiation, electro-magnetic fields, repetitive stress, and even psychological harm; the list of potential threats goes on and on. There is a lot of science being applied to studying the effects of gadgets on our health. At the same time there are also a lot of myths in circulation.

History is full of examples where health hazards like asbestos, cigarettes, and lead in paint went unrecognized or even intentionally suppressed. Many recent studies show no harmful effects from cell phone use however, some long terms studies have turned up disconcerting findings. And there are always that group of neurosurgeons who will not hold their phones next to their ears.

In either case there is enough doubt to warrant some caution. According to one recent report from the University of Pittsburgh Cancer Institute, "Studies in humans do not indicate that cell phones are safe, nor do they yet clearly show that they are dangerous. But, growing evidence indicates that we should reduce exposures, while research continues on this important question. "

Real or perceived, cell phones represent potential threats for a number of reasons including:

Microwave Electromagnetic Radiation

A typical GSM cell phone can generate up to 2 watts of power at microwave frequencies. SAR (Specific Absorption Rates) values ‚Äč‚Äčindicate how much radiation is absorbed by the body and is limited by government standards. Despite the fact that cell phone radiation is characterized as non-ionizing or too weak to damage genes, concern remains for thermal effects and blood-brain barrier leakage. Younger cell phone users could have been more vulnerable to adverse effects.

A 2007 Israeli study recently linked microwave radiation from frequent cell phone use (22 hours a month) to an increased risk of salivary gland cancer. The report, published in the American Journal of Epidemiology also notes that risk was higher in rural areas where cell phones transmit at higher levels to compensate for weaker signals.

Thumbs Down for Texting to Prevent RSI

One saving grace for young people using cell phones is that they typically spend more time texting than talking. The only problem is that thumbs, having evolved for gripping things, are not so well adapted for poking things and as a result many cell phone users are suffering from RSI (repetitive stress injury). Recent reports recommend texting with two thumbs at a time.

Cell Phone Elbow

From the same orthopedic specialists that greeted you carpal tunnel syndrome, we now have cubital tunnel syndrome. The ulnar nerve runs under the funny bone to your fingers. When this nerve gets stretched by cell phone users holding a phone up to their ear for long periods, it can become weakened. Blood supply to the nerve can also be affected. The result is pain.

Car Accidents

If it's not one thing like microwave radiation, it could be another thing like being distracted while driving and crashing your car. Many statistics now point to dramatic increases in traffic accidents from talking or texting while driving. Almost hands free devices do not help much.

Minimize Risks

  1. Talk and listen from a distance when possible; use the speaker phone or use hands-free devices (Bluetooth is good, wired headsets are best)
  2. Avoid "second hand," radiation; keep your distance from someone talking on their phone.
  3. Be aware of the radiation coming from your own cell phone and do not use it in close proxies to a child.
  4. Cell phones communicate to the carrier even when you're not using your phone. Put your phone on the desk when in the office, carry it in your purse, and do not sleep with it under your pillow
  5. In addition to distance, shorter duration of exposure can minimize risks. Be brief, limit your calls and use a landline if possible. Switch answers periodically or use text messages when possible.

Other Gadgets, Other Risks?

Cell phones are just one type of gadget that might represent a health risk. Some other potential harm could come from these:

  • MP3 players at high volume levels can damage your ears and cause hearing loss. MP3 players may interfere with pacemakers and we've heard that you can hurt your thumb from too much iPod "scrolling?"
  • Big flat panel TVs can be dangerous falling objects that have caused serious injuries to children.
  • There is concern that laptops can cause fertility problems in men from the heat t laptops generate on the lap (area).
  • We've seen some reports about laser printers emitting ultrafine particles from the toner that can damage your lungs and there are also ozone emissions from laser printers.

No Cause for Alarm

After all is said and done, are we going to stop using our cell phones – probably not. With a little caution especially for kids and cell phones and a little common sense about using gadgets, we do not see any reason not to go out and buy that new flat panel TV, smart phone, camcorder, or new laptop. In fact, Retrevo is just the place to learn what to buy, when to buy it, and where to get the best deal.

How to Naturally Correct Narsightedness?

Millions of people all over the world want to know how to naturally correct nearsightedness? The best way to naturally correct your nearsightedness is through a series of eye relaxation exercises. Studies have found that stress and strain have an affect on your vision and eye relaxation exercises help reduce these factors.

Here are a few simple eye relaxation exercises that you can do through out the day:

  • Sit and relax, roll your eyes clockwise, blink, then roll your eyes counter-clockwise. Repeat five times
  • Hold a pencil in front at arm's length. Move your arm slowly to your nose, follow then pencil with your eyes until you can not focus. Repeat 10 times.
  • Look in front of you at the opposite wall and pretend you are writing with your eyes, without turning your head. The bigger the letters are, the better it is for your eyes.
  • Focus on a distant object at least 150 feet away for several seconds then slowly refocus on a near object less than 30 feet away. Stay focused on the nearby object for several seconds then focus on the distant object again. Repeat 4 times.

As you can see these exercises are very easy to follow and you can do them just about anywhere. Exercising your eyes for short periods several times a day are more important than exercising them for longer periods.

Now you have a few tips to help you naturally correct your nearsightedness. After the first day of performing eye relaxation exercises you should notice a difference in how your eyes feel.

What You Need to Know About Heart Diseases and Stroke

Introduction.

Heart disease is a name given to a variety of conditions that affect the performance of the heart. There are certain disturbances in the action of the heart without any disease in the organ. Most common of these is palpitation. This may be due to emotional states, such as fear, anger, joy, grief, or anxiety; or to certain drugs or poisons such as may be found in tea, coffee, tobacco, or alcoholic drinks.

As heart failure approaches, the real symptoms of the heart disease appear. Shortness of breath on slight exertion is one of the first symptoms. Distress and fullness after eating are very common. Other early symptoms are weakness and lack of endurance, in the legs particularly; palpitation of the heart with fullness in the chest and a dry cough; dull pain and soreness in the region of the liver and also over the heart. Swelling of the ankles may be one of the first symptoms noticed. It is usually worse in the evening and disappears during sleep. Weakness increases until the patient finds himself utterly exhausted on the slightest exertion. He is restless and sleepless.

Every person with acute heart disease of any variety should be under the daily care of a physician and everyone with chronic heart disease should be seen frequently by a physician. A common misconception about the heart is that once it is affected, there is the permanent difficulty, with chronic invalidism and early death. Nothing is further from the truth. The rugged heart often makes an excellent recovery in the course of time. Rest, both physical and mental, is a valuable remedy. The patient must choose food that will not cause gas and indigestion, and guard against emotional outbursts, especially anger.

1. Types of Heart Diseases.

Important examples of heart disease include:

i. Angina, in which there is poor blood circulation to the heart.

ii. Heart Attack, in which there is the death of part of the heart muscle.

iii. Arrhythmia, in which the rate or rhythm of the heartbeat is abnormal.

iv. Atherosclerosis, in which the arteries harden. It is a build-up of cholesterol and other fat substances within the walls of the arteries. Atherosclerosis is a progressive disease and can develop in any artery in the body. It is a common disorder of the arteries.

v. Rheumatic, this was formerly one of the most serious forms of heart disease of childhood and adolescence. This disease involves damage to the entire heart and its membranes. It is a complication of rheumatic fever and usually occurs after attacks of rheumatic fever. The incidence of this condition has been greatly reduced by widespread use of antibiotics effective against the streptococcal bacterium that causes rheumatic fever.

vi. Myocarditis, it’s the inflammation or degeneration of the heart muscle. This can be due to a complication during or after various viral, bacterial or parasitic infectious diseases, such as polio, influenza, rubella, or rheumatic fever. This can be caused by several diseases such as syphilis, goitre, endocarditis, or hypertension. It may be associated with dilation (enlargement due to the weakness of the heart muscle) or with hypertrophy (overgrowth of the muscle tissue).

2. Know the signs of a heart attack.

During a heart attack, men often have these symptoms:

i. Pain or discomfort in the Centre of the chest.

ii. Pain or discomfort in other areas of the upper body, including the arms, back, neck, jaw, or stomach.

iii. Other symptoms, such as shortness of breath breaking out in a cold sweat, nausea, or light-headedness.

3. The basics of stroke.

Stroke is the third leading cause of death for men. The stroke occurs when part of the brain does not get the blood it needs. Then, brain cells die.

There are two types of stroke.

i. An ischemic (iss-kee-mik) stroke. This happens when blood is blocked from getting to the brain.

ii. A hemorrhagic (heh-muh-ra-jik) stroke. This happens when a blood vessel in the brain bursts and blood bleeds into the brain.

A person might also have a “mini-stroke.” This happens when, for a short time, less blood than normal gets to the brain. You may have some signs of a full stroke, or you may not notice any signs at all. But it only lasts a few minutes up to 24 hours. Then you’re back to normal. Many people don’t even know they’ve had it. However, a “mini-stroke” is a sign of a full stroke to come, so it’s important to know the signs of a stroke.

4. Know the signs of Stroke.

The signs of a stroke happen suddenly and are different from the signs of a heart attack. Look for these signs:

i. Weakness or numbness on one side of your body.

ii. Dizziness

iii. loss of balance

iv. Confusion

v. Trouble talking or understanding speech

vi. A headache

vii. Nausea

viii. Trouble walking or seeing.

Remember: Even if you have a “mini-stroke” you may have some of these signs.

5. 12 Steps to a healthy heart;

i. Do not smoke: It is no surprise that smoking hurts your heart. So if you smoke, try to quit.

ii. Get your cholesterol tested: If it is high (above 200), talk to your doctor or nurse about losing weight (if you are overweight) and getting more active. Ask if there is the medicine that may help.

iii. Know your blood pressure: Your heart moves blood through your body. If it is hard for your heart to do this, your heart works harder and your blood pressure will rise. Have it checked to make sure you’re on track! It is high (systolic above 139 and diastolic above 89), talk to your doctor or nurse about how to lower it.

iv. Get tested for diabetes: Diabetes can raise your chances of getting heart disease. If you have diabetes, keep your blood sugar levels in check! This is the best way for you to take care of yourself and your heart.

v. Eat heart-healthy foods: Whole grain foods, vegetables, and fruits. Choose lean meats and low-fat cheese and dairy products. Limit foods that have lots of saturated fat, like butter, whole milk, baked goods, ice cream, fatty meats and cheese.

vi. Keep a healthy weight: Being overweight or obese raises your risk for heart disease.

vii. Eat less salt: Choose foods salt. Use spices, herbs, lemon, and lime instead of salt. This is really important if you have high blood pressure.

viii. Do not drink too much of alcohol: Too much alcohol raises blood pressure and can raise your risk of stroke and other problems.

ix. Get moving: Get at least 30 minutes of physical activity on most days, if not all days of the week.

x. Take your medicine: If your doctor has prescribed medicine to lower your blood pressure or cholesterol, take it exactly as you have been told to take it.

xi. Take steps to treat your sleep problems: If you snore loudly, have been told you stop breathing at times when you sleep and are very sleepy during the day, you may have sleep apnea. If you don’t treat it, it raises your chances of having a heart attack or stroke. Talk with your doctor or nurse about treating this problem.

xii. Find healthy ways to cope with stress: Sometimes, people cope with stress by eating, drinking too much alcohol, or smoking-these are all ways that could hurt your heart. Lower your stress: talk to friends, be physically active, or meditate.

Causes of Loss of Hearing in Children

Hearing loss can be broken down into various categories such as sensorineural, conductive or mixed. Sensorineural occurs when the inner ear, cranial nerve, or the central processing centers of the brain are damaged. This type of loss is usually permanent and can not be corrected medically or surgically. Conductive returns to a problem in the ear that interferees with sound, such as earwax buildup, and can usually be surgically or medically corrected. Mixed is a combination of sensorineural and conductive loss of hearing.

There are many different reasons why a child may suffer loss of hearing. Some of those are listed below.

Hearing loss can be genetic, meaning that it is passed from the parents to the children. Some parents do not have hearing problems, but carry a recessive gene. If that is the case, the loss of hearing generally occurs in one out of every four children. Normally, there is no other deafness in the family, so the presence of the recessive gene is not expected. In other cases, one or both parents may carry a dominant gene and suffer some type of loss that has about a 50 percent chance of being passed on to their children. X-linked hearing loss occurs when the mother carries a recessive trait for hearing loss in the sex chromosome. In those cases, the hearing loss will only be passed on to the sons.

Premature babies, especially those born before seven months gestation, do not have a mature auditory system and can suffer from sensorineural loss of hearing. Oxygen deprivation during birth and a condition called jaundice may also cause this loss within infants.

Infections in the mother prior to birth can cause hearing loss in the child by damaging the inside of the ear. Such infections include measles, syphilis, some forms of herpes and toxoplasmosis. Maternal diabetes can also cause hearing problems in children.

Infections during childhood can damage the inner ear and result in hearing loss. Some of those include mumps, measles, chicken pox and bacterial or viral meningitis.

Meningitis causes an inflammation of the brain and spinal cord covering. The hearing nerves became irreversibly affected resulting in hearing loss. This is the most common after-effect of meningitis. The loss can range from mild to profound deafness.

In most cases, a hearing aid will help restore hearing to the extent that the child can attend school and function normally. The type of hearing aid will depend on the type and extent of the loss. Behind-the-ear devices are often recommended due to their durability and to growth and safety issues of the child. This type of hearing aid rests behind the ear and a plastic tube runs from the device into the ear canal. Children's hearing aids are now made using advanced technology and include many new practical features.

If it is suspected that a child is suffering from hearing loss, parents should immediately have their child tested by an audiologist so that the reason for the loss can be determined and treatment options explored. It is important to discover the reason for the hearing loss. In some cases, lack of treatment can result in total deafness of the child.

Sensorineural Hearing Loss – How to Treat This Specific Type of Hearing Loss

Sensorineural hearing loss or Nerve deafness is one type of hearing loss that affects the inner ear or the acoustic or vestibulococlear nerve or both. This happens when the hair cells which transmit sound to the brain is damaged and could not function properly.

Most of the time the sufferer may not be aware of his / her condition. It is friends and family members that notice the symptoms of sensorineural hearing loss. The symptoms include unable to hear high tones, the need to ask to repeat certain words, loud TV and radio volume and because of the hearing loss physical and social activities can also be affected which could irritability, moodiness and depression.

To diagnose sensorinural hearing you need to consult the doctor and tests will include CT scan, magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and EEG that evaluate activity in the brain.

The usual cause of sensorineural loss includes head or ear injury caused by physical trauma, medication side effects specifically from ototoxic drugs, ear infection, Presbycusis or the gradual loss of hearing due to old age, tumors, and hereditary. Other less known cause is anemia, heart problems and lupus or any condition that reduces the supply of oxygen to the brain.

For sensorineural treatment hearing aids and cochlear implants are frequently use. Hearing aid is a small electronic device that is put behind the ear. Hearing aid components include tiny microphones, which gather sound and convert it to electrical impulses, amplifier that increases the strength of these impulses and battery for energy supply. Another treatment available is cochlear implant this small electronic complex device implanted behind the ear, this device directly direct the auditory nerves. This type of treatment requires the patient to have surgical procedure and therapy.

There are natural remedies for sensorineural hearing loss Most of these natural treatments are mostly preventative measures. One way to prevent or delay hearing loss is proper diet or nutritional therapy. One reason or cause of sensorineural hearing loss is recording viral or bacterial infections. This could be caused by weak immune system and bad hygiene. To strengthen the immune system take vitamin c, zinc is used to cure ear infections. Another way to prevent ear problem is to eat healthy so better to avoid junk and processed food and take nutritional supplements like vitamin B-complex, iron and calcium, these supplements reduce the risk ear infection. There are also studies that show that food rich in Vitamin A and folic acid also delivers hearing loss.

Popular Herbs such as Echinacea, which can strengthen the immune system and goldenseal or yellow root, which stimulates the secretion and flow of bile, it is also used against variety of bacteria, yeast, and fungi, such as E. Coli and Candida which can cause ear infections. Chinese herbal therapy is also generally accepted in treating ear infections. Another widely used is garlic juice, which is a powerful and natural antiseptic herb.

There are many natural alternatives to treat and delay causes of hearing loss. They are safe and even good for the general health.

7 Health Problems Connected With Obesity

Often people blame junk or processed foods for their obesity problem. If a person weighs more than 20% of the normal weight considering his/her height, then he/she is considered as an obese person.

However, you need to keep in mind that not every obese person would have all these health issues. Also, the risk of developing health issues increases, if someone in your family suffers from it.

Check out some health issues that are connected to obesity or overweight people.

1. Heart Problems

Excess fat can make an individual more inclined to have high BP and elevated levels of cholesterol. Both of these conditions are top reasons behind the occurrence of different types of heart problems or stroke. Fortunately, even losing a small amount of weight can decrease the odds of getting affected by heart problems or a stroke. You can lower the chances of heart issues by simply losing around 10% of your bodyweight.

2. Type 2 Diabetes

The majority of people who get affected by Type 2 diabetes suffer from obesity. You can take various steps to reduce the odds of getting affected by Type 2 diabetes, such as,

• By losing weight

• Having a balanced diet

• Exercising regularly

• Sleeping adequately

If you already have Type 2 Diabetes, then you can control the levels of blood sugar by staying more active physically and by losing weight as well. More physically active means that you require less medication to control your diabetes.

3. Gallbladder Disease

If an individual is overweight, then the chances of getting a gallbladder infection and gallstones are higher. Unexpectedly, weight reduction itself, especially fast weight reduction or loss excessive weight, can make you more prone to getting affected from gallstones. However, you’ll be less likely to get gallstones if you lose weight around 1 or 2 kilograms per week.

4. Cancer

It’s quite shocking to know that different types of cancers that are connected with body parts such as colon, breast, kidney, endometrium, and esophagus are connected to obesity. A few examinations and researches have seen connections among cancers of the gallbladder, pancreas, ovaries, and with obesity problem.

5. Osteoarthritis

Osteoarthritis is a joint problem that affects the hip, back, or knee of the patient. Due to the excess weight, extra pressure is put on the joints, which damages the cartilage eventually. You can reduce the stress on your lower back, knees, and hips by simply choosing weight loss, which may also improve your osteoarthritis condition.

6. Gout

The joints of an individual are affected with this health condition. This problem occurs when there’s an excess amount of uric acid present in the blood, which eventually converts into crystal form that gets stored in the joints. You’ll be surprised to know that gout affects fat or obese more compared to healthy people. In fact, the chances of getting gout increase if a person is overweight. However, you need to consult your doctor if you already have gout and planning to lose weight.

7. Sleep Apnea

It’s true that sleep apnea is connected with obesity problem. Sleep apnea is a breathing problem that develops snoring problem is disruptive breathing while sleeping. Sleep apnea is often the reason behind daytime drowsiness and increases the odds of stroke or heart problems. However, it has been seen the proper weight loss improves sleep apnea significantly.

Display Fridges in Deli’s

If you own a deli, then the best way to display your products to the consumer would be by using a deli display fridge. Although they are labelled as used in a deli, many other types of business employ these types of display fridge such as sandwich shops, bakeries and any other type of business that needs some sort of refrigerated display space.

The Different Types of Display Fridge

The first type of deli display fridge available is the countertop refrigerator that doubles up as a counter whilst showing off your items to the customer. These types of display counter allow the customer to choice what they would like from one side and the shop assistant can serve from behind the counter top, retrieving the items through a slid door at the back. This is very useful as it only allows the staff access to the goods and this increases hygiene and cleanliness levels.

The second type of deli display fridge is the type that you see up against the wall with a clear front door on it, usually selling bottles of pop or some other item that is visibly seen without the need to open the door. Not only does this continue to keep the items chilled whilst the customer is browsing, but it also saves energy consumption and therefore the cost of your utility bills go down.

The third type of display fridge that you may wish to use in a deli is a bid of a hybrid between the counter top and drinks display fridges. It stands against a wall but has no door on it, just shelving, and they are perfect for keeping pre-packed sandwiches, cakes and chocolate chilled.

Optional Features

Although these are optional features, you would be totally lost without them if they weren’t part of your display fridge set up. The two main items are the ability to adjust shelving and a temperature gauge.

If you are selling different products all the time in your shop, it is vital that you can change the shop displays to suit what you are going to sell. The adjustable shelving feature is also good for keeping your display fridge clean as it allows you to remove shelves and panels from the unit completely.

If you have a temperature gauge built in to the unit then it is a lot easier for your staff to keep a close eye on the temperature without then need to get out the thermometer and leave it for a while so that it shows the true temperature of the fridge. This is a basic precaution in food hygiene and is one of the first things that local shop inspectors look at when checking out whether the shop is carrying out its duties to customers.

Freezer Apartments

If you find that your business will benefit from the use of freezer space but you don’t what to pay for a separate freezer then many manufacturers offer up dual freezer / fridge counter top display units. They will be exponentially more expensive than just a simple display fridge but the benefits to your business could be massive, depending on what you are offering to your customer.

Warranties

If you are spending a lot of money on an expensive product then it is always useful to know the warranty information. The main warranty will of course be from the manufacturer of the product and anything that goes wrong within the warranty period will mean that the manufacturer will repair or replace this unit. Sometimes it makes good business sense to extend those warranties, either with the manufacturer, retailer or some other third party in case of breakdown. Although it is another monthly cost, you have to bear in mind that if your fridge goes down for just one day, the business you lose because of it could be massive. It should always be a consideration!

Glaucoma and Eye Symptoms Caused by Prescriptions For Depression – When to Call Your Optometrist

Serotonin re uptake inhibitors are as common as aspirin today (and probably much safer). There category as selective serotonin re uptake inhibitors is a long winded way of saying it makes the molecule serotonin stay around longer and act on you brain instead of being recycled. This allows a prolonged action of serotonin, one of the feel good molecules used to treat depression and a variety of other conditions. The eye has numerous receptor sites where serotonin acts, though they are not well understood at this time. A number of other prescription drugs also fall in this category.

One thing they share in common is a tendency to mildly dilate the pupils. This is rarely a problem, but if you have been told you have "Narrow Angles" or are susceptible to angle closure glaucoma it can be a concern. Farsighted patients have smaller drainage angles for the fluid inside the eye to escape back into the general circulation. With age, the lens inside the eye grows and moves forward, further restricting the drainage channels. When you enter into a dark room or movie theater the pupil naturally dilates also. When diluted, the colored tissue known as the iris bunches up it's outside edges. This thickens right at the location where the fluid is supposed to drain out. In a normal eye there is plenty of extra space to compensate for this but eyes with narrow angles start to be blocked by the bunched up iris tissue. Occasionally, the drain can be completely blocked and since fluid is being produced in the eye the pressure skyrockets up.

Usually these results in an acute attack of a very painful, blurry red eye with nausea and headaches. Drugs like Prozac in a rare handy cases have been known to push this process over the edge and precipitate angle closure glaucoma attacks. While very illegally, if you have narrow angles you should be aware of this, since this form of glaucoma is curable with early treatment.

The other possibility from this category of drugs is a transient rise in eye pressure for several weeks (although some cases report drops in pressure). If you have just started Prozac or a similar drug and your eye pressure readings are a little high, discuss this with your optometrist and have the pressures retested in 2-3 weeks. There is usually a return to normal if it is a mild medication induced increase. A retest in a few weeks could save you money on unnecessary treatment and testing.

One of the anti convulse-ant drugs used to treat epilepsy, migraines and depression has also been documented to cause angle closure glaucoma in a small number of patients. This tend to occur in the first few months and there are not necessarily predisposing factors. If you start having eye symptoms shortly after starting one of these medications notify your doctors immediately. Finally, be happy that we have treatments that have such better safety profiles than the prior generation.