All About Swine Flu – H1N1

1. What is swine flu (Novel H1N1)?

Swine flu is a viral disease caused by a new type of influenza virus (Novel H1N1) that has never circulated before in humans. The new virus was first detected in the US in April 2009. The virus was initially called swine flu virus because it is genetically very similar to viruses that normally cause flu in swine (animals such pigs, boars, hogs).

2. What are the symptoms of swine flu?

The symptoms of swine flu are similar to the symptoms of seasonal flu and include fever, cough, sore throat, runny or stuffy nose, body aches, headache, chills and fatigue. Diarrhea and vomiting have also been reported in a number of people. Also, like seasonal flu, swine flu can be severe and even fatal in some cases.

3. If swine flu is similar to seasonal flu, why are we so worried?

Seasonal flu occurs every year but many people have some immunity against it which protects them from getting sick. In additions, vaccines against seasonal flu are available in many countries. The swine flu virus on the other hand is an entirely new agent against which most of us have little or no immunity. As a result, this virus can spread very fast and affect a much larger number of people than seasonal flu. We also do not have a vaccine against swine flu.

4. Is swine flu contagious?

Yes, the virus is contagious and is spreading from human to human. However, at this time, we do not known how easily the virus spreads between people. It appears to be as contagious as seasonal influenza and is spreading fast particularly among young people (from ages 10 to 45).

5. How does swine flu virus spread?

Swine flu spreads from person-to-person in much the same way as seasonal flu. You can get infected if you inhale droplets expelled by an infected person during coughing or sneezing. Since the expelled droplets can also contaminate hands and other surfaces, you may also become infected by touching a contaminated surface and then touching your mouth or nose. So far the swine flu virus has not been seen to spread to humans from pigs or other animals.

6. Can I get swine flu from eating or preparing pork?

No, swine flu virus does not spread through food. It is safe to eat properly handled and cooked pork. The flu virus is killed by cooking temperatures of 160°F/70°C, which is commonly used for cooking meat.

7. How severe is the illness caused by swine flu?

The severity of illness ranges from very mild symptoms to severe illnesses that can result in death. A large proportion of people who get infected with the virus experience mild disease and recover without hospitalization or antiviral treatment. Care at home – resting, drinking plenty of fluids and using a pain reliever is sufficient in most cases. (Note: A non-aspirin pain reliever is recommended in children and young adults because of the risk of Reye’s syndrome.)

8. Who is at risk of severe swine flu illness?

Pregnant women, people with previously recognized medical conditions that increase the risk of flu-related complications, e.g. asthma, diabetes, heart disease and those with weak immune systems are more likely to experience severe illness caused by flu infection. A remarkable difference compared to seasonal flu is that swine flu has so far caused few cases and no deaths in people older than 64 years of age.

9. How can I protect myself against swine flu?

As of now a vaccine against swine flu is not available. However, you can protect yourself from getting infected by avoiding close contact (minimum distance of about 1 meter if possible) with people who have flu-like symptoms. In addition, the following measures can protect you:

Avoid crowded places/ reduce the time spent in crowded places

Improve ventilation in your living space by opening windows

Avoid touching your mouth and nose

Clean hands thoroughly with soap and water, or use an alcohol-based hand rub several times in a day (especially if you touch potentially contaminated surfaces)

Maintain general good heath, get adequate sleep, eat nutritious food, and stay physically active

10. How can I figure out if my flu could be swine flu?

It is not possible to differentiate seasonal flu from flu without a medical and lab examination. If you are living in a flu affected area and have symptoms similar to seasonal flu such as fever, cough, headache, body aches, sore throat and runny nose you should take all measures recommended for a flu affected person. Only your doctor or medical center can make a confirmed diagnosis of swine flu.

11. What should I do to prevent transmitting flu to those around me?

If you have symptoms suggestive of flu:

Stay at home -this means not going to office, school, markets, or any social gatherings

Inform family and friends about your illness and try to avoid contact with other people

Take rest and drink plenty of fluids

Cover your nose and mouth when coughing and sneezing

If you are using tissues, make sure you dispose of them carefully. Clean your hands immediately after with soap and water or cleanse them with an alcohol-based hand rub.

If you do not have a tissue close by when you cough or sneeze, cover your mouth as much as possible with the crook of your elbow.

Use a mask when you are around others

If possible, contact a medical professional before traveling to a health facility to discuss whether a medical examination is necessary

12. Should I take an antiviral to prevent or treat swine flu?

No, you should not take antiviral medications unless prescribed by your healthcare provider. Also avoid buying antiviral medicines on the internet.

13. Should I stop breastfeeding if I think I might have swine flu?

No, you should continue breastfeeding unless your doctor advises you to stop. Continuing breastfeeding is likely to protect your baby from getting infected by passing on maternal antibodies and boosting the immune system.

14. Is it OK to go to work/ school if I have flu?

No, it is recommended that you stay at home if you have symptoms of flu. This is important to protect your friends and colleagues from becoming ill.

15. Can I travel if I have flu?

If you have symptoms of flu, you should not travel. If you are unwell but cannot avoid travelling or contact with others, cover your mouth and nose. It is advisable to use a mask in such a situation. If you are returning from a flu affected country and develop flu symptoms, you should immediately contact your healthcare provider.

16. Should I avoid traveling to flu affected countries?

Some health ministries have advised the public to avoid unnecessary travel to flu affected countries. However, the WHO is not recommending travel restrictions as international travel for work or leisure will greatly disrupt people’s plans and schedules with little impact on the spread of the virus.

17. WHO has declared a swine flu pandemic. What does that mean?

A pandemic is an infectious disease that is spreading in a large region or even worldwide. If a disease is declared a pandemic, it indicates that it is spreading very fast across the world. At the time when the WHO declared a swine flu pandemic, the flu virus had already been reported from 70 countries and cases were occurring in multiple parts of the world.

18. What is the treatment of swine flu?

This flu is responding to two antiviral drugs called oseltamivir or zanamivir. These are prescription medicines that stop the flu virus from reproducing in your body. Antiviral drugs can make your illness milder and make you feel better faster. They may also prevent serious flu complications.

19. How long does influenza virus remain alive on surfaces such as tables and doorknobs?

Studies have shown that influenza virus can survive on environmental surfaces and can infect a person for up to 2-8 hours after being deposited on the surface.

20. What is the incubation period of swine influenza?

Incubation period is the time interval between the entry of infection in your body to onset of symptoms. The incubation period of flu is unknown but it could range from 1 to 7 days, and more likely 1 to 4 days.

Treating a Canine Stroke

Introduction

Stroke in dogs is a condition that requires immediate veterinarian treatment. Once a stroke has been diagnosed the treatments will begin as soon as possible. The treatment protocol for stroke in dogs depends on what type of stroke has occurred, and why the dog has experienced a stroke. Early diagnosis and treatment will drastically increase the outlook for a full recovery. If your dog displays any signs of symptoms of stroke, take your dog to a veterinarian or emergency clinic immediately.

There are two types of strokes that can occur in dogs: ischemic strokes and hemorrhagic strokes. Ischemic strokes occur when the blood supply to the brain has been reduced and the brain becomes oxygen starved. Hemorrhagic strokes occur when a vessel in the brain bursts and bleeding in the brain occurs. While strokes in dogs are not common, there are a variety of disorders and conditions that can cause a stroke to occur.

Treating a Stroke in Dogs

Treatment for a stroke in dogs focuses on supporting care, and addressing the cause of the stroke. If the stroke has been caused by an underlying medical condition such as diabetes or Cushing's disease, the underlying medical condition must be brought under control in order for the stroke to be treated. If the stroke has been caused by an injury to the brain, or infection of the brain, support care and medicines are administered.

Medication which may help to reduce any permanent effects of a stroke include anti-inflammatory treatments such as corticosteroids to control the swelling in the brain and anti-seizure medicines. Intravenous fluid therapies are also provided to help combat shock.

Recovery from a stroke can take days, to weeks, to months. It all depends on how much damaged occurred and how quickly treatments were begun. Pet owners may also need to provide support care at home for the recovery period. Fortunately, most dogs that have experienced a stroke have a good prognosis.

Treatment For Shingles is Available

You may be experiencing an itchy rash, a painful rash with blisters and bumps on one half of your body. You could be dealing with pain and discomfort that may be debilitating. If you are dealing with these things, you might be one of the many sufferers of a disease called shingles. Shingles can be pure torture for those who have it – and many are at their wits end trying to figure out what they can do about it. For those who suffer daily from the effects of shingles, treatment for shingles is a necessity they can not afford to ignore. People do not want shingles to define their lives, and want to break free from this cycle of pain.

Shingles is an affliction that is the result of a childhood illness: chicken pox. Chicken pox is a virus called varicella zoster , and it does not actually go away once you recover from chicken pox. Rather, it lies dormant in the body for many years, mostly causing no harm at all. But when you get older, and your immune system may weaken for various reasons, this virus may be triggered to reawaken and reemerge, traveling the body to find itself at the end of our nerves, literally. This is what leads to the pain and discomfort that shingles sufferers experience. If you are having pain with shingles, it will usually only last for three to five weeks – but in some instances, the illness becomes a condition known as posttherpetic neuralgia, and is accompanied by more debilitating, chronic pain. If you wish to avoid the hardship that can come from neuralgia, you will want to seek treatment for shingles as soon as you possibly can. Having shingles is very difficult for many people to deal with both physically and psychologically – so getting rented right away is a huge help.

If you have shingles, you are likely suffering from symptoms that can mimic common illnesses, such as stomach aches, fever, chills, headaches, and the like. If you develop the rash – and most people do – then it will help determine whether or not you have shingles, for those who can not tell if you have it or not. When coming down with shingles, you will likely get red spots that blister and become yellowed scar tissue.

Getting treatment for shingles is very important – but it can actually be lifesaving for people who are going through other ordeals which weaken and compromise their immune systems. Some of these include suffering from HIV, undergoing a transplant, and getting chemotherapy or radiation treatments. For these individuals, shingles can be more than just a debilitating illness – it can be fatal.

Now that you know what shingles looks like, you can begin the process of treating it. Topical creams, ointments, and anti-inflammatory medications are good treatment options for shingle. In addition, people may also use natural remedies to help with pain. Keep in mind that many natural remedies may not be FDA-approved.

No matter the level of pain and discomfort you may be feeling, there is hope in treatment for shingles.

Stroke (Brain Attack) Part VII – How to Prevent Stroke With Nutritional Supplements

As we mentioned in previous articles, stroke is caused by uncontrolled diet that is high in saturated and trans fats resulting in cholesterol building up in the blood vessel in the brain that block the circulation of blood to the body, including cells in the brain. If not enough oxygen is delivered to the brain cells, some cells die off and can not reproduce, the you may have a stroke. Other strokes happen when a blood vessel in the brain ruptures causing the cells in your brain to be depleted of oxygen, so they die and can never come back. Nutritional supplements have played an important role for nutritionally deficient patients in preventing stroke and here are some of them:

1. B-complex
Three B-vitamins: folate, B-6, and B-12 can lower homocysteine, an amino acid that is naturally found in the body and study shows that the higher level of homocysteine ​​in the blood, the higher the risk of stroke.

2. Beta-carotene
Beta-carotene is an antioxidant that may reduce oxidative stress to brain cells. Such stress occurs when highly volatile forms of oxygen damage cell structure. Study shows that beta-carotene helps to reduce the risk against cerebral infraction and stroke.

3. Vitamin E
Vitamin E is an antioxidant that helps to reduce arterial clotting.

4. Selenium
Selenium is a powerful agent that helps to keep tissues and arms elastic. It also helps to reduce the stickiness of the blood and decrees the risk of clotting, in turn lowering the risk of heart attack and stroke. Selenium increases the ratio of HDL (good) cholesterol to LDL (bad) cholesterol.

5. Pycnogenol
Pycnogenol helps to keep collagen elastic and soften the blood platelets, making blood flow more efficiently.

6. Co enzyme Q-10
Co enzyme is a strong antioxidant that not only protects low density lipoprotein LDL against oxidants, but also helps for getting oxygen to the cells.

7. Lecithin
Lecithin is a fat-like substance called a phospholipid that helps to remove bad cholesterol and other lipids from the body. It also protects the arms and organs from the build up of fatty tissue that can lead to stroke or heart attack.

8. Melatonin
Melatonin is a neurohormone produced in our body by the pineal gland. It is a powerful antioxidant that easily penetrates the blood-brain barrier and is used to treat thrombotic stroke.

9. Vitamin C
Vitamin C helps to strengthen the arterial wall, lowering the risk of heart diseases and stroke.

I hope this information will help. If you need more information, please visit my home page at:

Alopecia Areata Treatment – Part 3

Saw Palmetto for Baldness

This herb has the ability to inhibit 5-a-reductase, the same enzyme that Proscar and Propecia affect. In several double blind studies, saw palmetto has been shown to improve symptoms of benign prostate enlargement. One 3 year trail comparing saw palmetto with Proscar showed significantly greater improvement with the herb than with the prescription drug.

If saw palmetto can prevent the conversion of testosterone to DHT by blocking enzymatic activity, then there is a reason to believe, that this herb could be at least as good as Propecia in growing hair.

Aromatherapy

Some people think that aromatherapy is sniffing aromatic herbs. The Scottish dermatologist who did the research with this treatment says that aromatherapy "involves the use of essential oils and essences derived from plants, flowers, and wood resins, which are generally massaged into the skin."

They point out that "Cedarwood, lavendarm thyme, and rosemary oils have hair growth-promoting properlytied These oils have been anecdotally used to treat alopecia [baldness] for more than 100 years.

People in the study had been diagnosed with alopecia areata, an autoimmune condition in which hair loss occurs in patches. It may affect as many as 1% of people in Western countries and is not limited to male or female, old or young. In many instances, hair growth recurs at any time, but treatment is difficult and the condition can be psychologically damaging.

For this study, 84 people were randomly assigned to either of 2 groups. One group of people received a placebo mixture of 3 ml of jojoba oil and 20 ml of grapeseed oil and were told to massage it into the scalp each night for 2 minutes. The head was then wrapped in a warm towel to enhance absorption of the oils, with the addition of essential oils of thyme, lavender, rosemary, and cedarwood. The study lasted for 7 months.

Follow-up was done with photographs and computer analysis of tracings of bald patches at 3 months and again at 7 months. Of those using the essential oil mixture, 44% had measurable improvement, while only 15% of those using the placebo oil improved. This difference was statistically significant. They even provided before-and-after photos that were nothing short of amazing .

None of the people in this study experienced negative effects from the oils. This gives the aromatherapy treatment a better safety record than the pharmaceuticals often used to treat this condition. That does not mean such a concoction is safe for everyone. Some people may be sensitive to one or another of these essential oils and experience a rash or dermatitis.

Although this study focused primarily on alopecia areata, one of the individuals in the study also had male pattern baldness, known medically as androgenic alopecia. This is the most common form of hair loss. The researchers noted "some moderate regrowth of hair loss." Whether other men with this problem would benefit remains to be determined.

Myopia – How Far Can You Really See?

How far can you really see? Simple question, is not it? But I am not talking about seeing with your eyes. I think even blind people can see things in their mind, but I am not going to dwell too much on that, but instead I hope to take you beyond your natural inclinations to think deeply on a much more interesting topic.

In his highly acclaimed book, The 7 Habits of Highly Effective People, Stephen Covey presents strong lessons in personal change.

In the 2nd habit, the author suggests to begin with the end in mind. What it all means is to begin with the image of the end of your life as the frame of reference by which everything else is measured.

Covey illustrates the concept with a visualization exercise asking you to imagine that at the end of your life, you are able to listen to what was being said at your funeral. He further invites you to determine what you would like to hear people say about you as a father, a life partner, a college … kind of life that will make it happen.

The book further went on to suggest developing a personal mission statement, philosophy or credo based on your values ​​and principles that will help you focus on what you want to be (character), and do (contributions and achievements).

All this is based on the theory that all things are created twice and that there is a mental first creation and there is a physical second creation and that management is being efficient by doing things right, while leadership is being effective by doing the right things.

Some people have adopted the principles of this book and have gone on to become highly successful and effective people. There are also countless other people who could not fully implement the principles because they could not bear to change their characters first. Perhaps, their over-inflated egos or impatience has preempted them from achieving what they want. After trying out some of the ideas, they come to realize that the book is not a quick-fix book. They need to change their own way of looking at things, and start to mature from a dependent stage, to an independent stage and then to an interdependent stage before they can really see some substantive results.

For those who had some success, should they be overjoyed with their achievements?

Now, come back to the question, "How far can you really see?" Does your journey end at your funeral?

In the book, The Purpose Driven Life, by Rick Warren, the author explores the question of what on earth I am here for. When you read about the 5 purposes for living this life, you will soon discover that God is part of the equation. When we come to think of it, our life on earth is really very short – 60, 80 or even 100 years.

As Jesus Christ said in Matt 7: 24 ~ 27, "So, then, anyone who hears these words of mine and acts accordingly is like a wise man, who built his house on rock. wind blew and stuck that house, but it did not collapse because it was built on rock But anyone who hears these words of mine and does not act accordingly, is like a fool who built his house on sand. flooded, and the wind blew and stuck that house; it collapsed and the ruin was complete. "

So how far can you see beyond this life? We should be aiming for eternal life!

Sensorineural Hearing Loss – How to Treat This Specific Type of Hearing Loss

Sensorineural hearing loss or Nerve deafness is one type of hearing loss that affects the inner ear or the acoustic or vestibulococlear nerve or both. This happens when the hair cells which transmit sound to the brain is damaged and could not function properly.

Most of the time the sufferer may not be aware of his / her condition. It is friends and family members that notice the symptoms of sensorineural hearing loss. The symptoms include unable to hear high tones, the need to ask to repeat certain words, loud TV and radio volume and because of the hearing loss physical and social activities can also be affected which could irritability, moodiness and depression.

To diagnose sensorinural hearing you need to consult the doctor and tests will include CT scan, magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and EEG that evaluate activity in the brain.

The usual cause of sensorineural loss includes head or ear injury caused by physical trauma, medication side effects specifically from ototoxic drugs, ear infection, Presbycusis or the gradual loss of hearing due to old age, tumors, and hereditary. Other less known cause is anemia, heart problems and lupus or any condition that reduces the supply of oxygen to the brain.

For sensorineural treatment hearing aids and cochlear implants are frequently use. Hearing aid is a small electronic device that is put behind the ear. Hearing aid components include tiny microphones, which gather sound and convert it to electrical impulses, amplifier that increases the strength of these impulses and battery for energy supply. Another treatment available is cochlear implant this small electronic complex device implanted behind the ear, this device directly direct the auditory nerves. This type of treatment requires the patient to have surgical procedure and therapy.

There are natural remedies for sensorineural hearing loss Most of these natural treatments are mostly preventative measures. One way to prevent or delay hearing loss is proper diet or nutritional therapy. One reason or cause of sensorineural hearing loss is recording viral or bacterial infections. This could be caused by weak immune system and bad hygiene. To strengthen the immune system take vitamin c, zinc is used to cure ear infections. Another way to prevent ear problem is to eat healthy so better to avoid junk and processed food and take nutritional supplements like vitamin B-complex, iron and calcium, these supplements reduce the risk ear infection. There are also studies that show that food rich in Vitamin A and folic acid also delivers hearing loss.

Popular Herbs such as Echinacea, which can strengthen the immune system and goldenseal or yellow root, which stimulates the secretion and flow of bile, it is also used against variety of bacteria, yeast, and fungi, such as E. Coli and Candida which can cause ear infections. Chinese herbal therapy is also generally accepted in treating ear infections. Another widely used is garlic juice, which is a powerful and natural antiseptic herb.

There are many natural alternatives to treat and delay causes of hearing loss. They are safe and even good for the general health.

Mushroom Spawn Making – How to Make Your Own Mushroom Spawn

One of the best things about growing mushrooms is that when you have started to grow them you can continue to grow them for years and years without the need to purchase any more mushroom spawn. It is very simple to create your own spawn and be able to store this in a fridge ready to use for several weeks.

Mushroom spawn is simply some kind of food which has mycelium growing through it. The food is usually some kind of bird seed such as corn or rye grain, and this is used because the mycelium loves to grow through it and because of the shape and small size of the grain it provides many innoculation points (it has a large surface area which means you have more chance of the mycelium “leaping off” and growing through your substrate).

Creating your own mushroom spawn can be a very easy process when you know exactly how its done and when you are aware of the possible problems caused by contaminations (which is why it is very important to have good sterile procedures). To make your own spawn you firstly need your own mushroom spores. Take a mushroom and leave it on a piece of foil to leave a spore print. Next you add a little distilled water to this print (a few millilitres) and mix this solution using something called an innoculation loop (small piece of wire with a metal curve in one end). This will mix the spores with the water. Next you need to use a syringe and suck up this solution. As mentioned before its important that the syringe is clean and any other equipment too.

You can store this spore syringe in a cool place such as a refrigerator until ready to use. Next you will need to get a large jar and fill it up with the chosen grain (such as Rye grain). Place a piece of tyvek over the cover and seal with a metal lid. It helps if you drill 4 small holes in the lid (near the corners) which are used as innoculation points later.

When you are ready take the spore syringe and inject a few millilitres of your solution into the 4 holes in the lid of the jar. Usually one syringe can innoculate around 5 jars. When complete, place the jars in a warm place and after about 4 weeks your contents will have colonised and mushrooms will start to form! Or you could simply use this colonised jar of grain and use it as spawn – the choice is yours. You could even multiply the spawn and turn the 5 jars into as many as 25! This is simply done by getting more jars of grain and mixing in part of the colonised spawn jar with the others. One jar can turn into 10 if done properly!

All About Sleep Apnea & How it Affects You

Sleep apnea can be a dangerous and scary problem. The scariest thing about it is that you are not conscious for most of it. Anybody should know about the causes, symptoms, and treatments for sleep apnea.

Sleep apnea is episodes of not breathing while you are sleeping. These episodes usually last up to 10 seconds and can happen over and over every hour of the night.

Causes

Sleep apnea can be caused for different reason in different people and ages. If you have blocked airways, it can cause this problem. If you have constant problems with drainage from mucus in the throat or nose, this could be the culprit as well while you are sleeping.

Tonsils and adenoids can be the problem in adults and in children as well.

Being overweight can also increase the risk of developing sleep apnea.

Symptoms

  • feeling overly tired during the day
  • headaches; usually immediately after waking up
  • snoring; tossing and turning (if you sleep with someone, they may notice these things)
  • stop breathing during sleep (they may notice this too)

Treatments

There are a couple treatments available, but it can be hard to figure out exactly what it right for you. You may be advised to wear strips to open airways at night, get tonsils or adenoids removed, or lose weight. It is a subject that should absolutely be brought up to your doctor because of the intensity that it can reach.

If you are worried that you may have this condition, you may want to ask your sleeping partner about your habits while you are sleeping and pay close attention to what you feel like in the morning as you wake up and through the day.

The Infusion Pump Is Easily Taken for Granted

Let’s take a moment to sing the praises of the infusion pump. Yes, yes, it does seem like a rather mundane topic to get excited about. But consider our ability to feed, hydrate, and deliver medicines and solutions to the human body intravenously. Ponder for a second how great a step forward it was for mankind to develop the means to inject life-giving, life-preserving fluids into the blood stream.

A Brief History

The use of a syringe was first recorded during the time of the Romans by a gentleman named Celsus. Celsus wrote on many different subjects, but one of his works was a medical manual in which he tells of the use of a “piston” syringe to treat medical “complications.”

In 1650, French physicist Blaise Pascal invented the first “modern” syringe. He had been studying the principles surrounding the transmission of fluids using pressure, and from this came the syringe and a host of other inventions including hydraulics.

Intravenous (IV) infusion was first recorded as being attempted in the late 1400’s. But it wasn’t until the 1650’s where physicist Robert Boyle and architect Christopher Wren first started giving intravenous injections to animals. They had been experimenting with transfusions and IV infusion along with several other prominent physicians for a few years. One of those physicians was Richard Lower, who is said to have performed the first successful blood transfusion in around 1667. But Christopher Wren gets the historical credit for creating the first working IV infusion device in the late 1650’s.

Over the next 150 years-or-so, the process of IV infusion was slowly refined. Soon after the first transfusions were performed, they were banned in England, France, and Italy due to a number of deaths that resulted from them.

There were many failures with this early medical equipment, yet many discoveries and inventions were born out of those failures; the science of bacteriology, for instance. Better sterilization techniques and smaller, more effective needles were also generated during this period.

In the early 1830’s, Dr. Thomas Latta administered saline solution intravenously to Cholera patients on a large scale. He is said to have, for the most part, pioneered the process. Things only progressed from there, especially during the World War years which, out of necessity, spurred many advances in the delivery of blood and medicine through intravenous infusion. Needles and tubing were modified, and in the 1950’s, bottles were replaced with plastic bags.

The Infusion Pump

Another development in IV infusion technology was beginning to bubble up in the 1950’s. Interest was growing in the development of an “automated” bedside IV infusion system, mainly for use in operating rooms and intensive care units. The goal was to produce a machine or “pump” system that would automatically regulate the timing, volume, and dosage of medicines, fluids, and blood products administered to a patient.

A system like this would be much more efficient. It would save countless man-hours where nurses and doctors would not have to continuously give shots, personally administer IV’s, or do as much monitoring, and it would also allow great flexibility in the amount or volume of substance being delivered. These were just a few of the many advantages that the infusion pump offered.

The first infusion pump was developed and built by SigmaMotor, Inc., and the pumps started shipping in 1961. Due to a few early snags, the pumps were redesigned several times. But SigmaMotor (later just Sigma) built and sold thousands of units in the early-to-mid ’60’s, and a giant leap in medical technology and overall healthcare had begun to take hold.

The infusion pump has positively affected humanity in immeasurable ways. Countless medical supply companies, such as Alaris (Medsystem III), Baxter, Curlin, Hospira, and Smiths Medical, just to name a handful, carry IV supplies and a wide variety of infusion pumps, both new and refurbished.

Today, this mechanical “medical miracle” is a standard piece of equipment. Of course there have been many “offshoots” and variations to the infusion pump; the latest being portable and disposable devices… and the evolution continues.

Neck and Shoulder Pain Relief From Specialist Chiropractors

There are many ways in which we deal with pain, but when people suffer from neck and shoulder problems there are ways in which the discomfort can be controlled.

Some specialist chiropractors within the Warwickshire area provide effective pain relief that is also proven to cure neck and shoulder problems. This can make people live a fulfilling life without restrictions for both themselves and their family.

Regardless of how your injury has come about, whether you were involved in a car accident or fallen awkwardly, there is help available. Pain relief comes in a variety of forms from specialist chiropractors including physiotherapy and cold laser therapy.

These two methods of pain relief are most effective when done so by professionals. They understand how to really help you managing your pain relief and there before you get on the road to recovery.

Chiropractors understand the workings of how to effectively control and treat those suffering from any neck and shoulder pain in the Warwickshire area from whiplash to dislocation. They will be able to advise on the best course of treatment through thorough consultations and properly diagnose you based on your symptoms.

Whether you suffer from upper back pain, neck pain or shoulder pain, there are things that can be done to help ease it. By seeing a professional chiropractor, you will be in the safest hands, with effective treatments that in return will help you return to a normal life.

People do not understand the severity of neck and shoulder pain and should always seek professional help. Leaving a condition can, in time, increase the damage and cause other problems such as headaches. If you stay in the Warwickshire and West Midlands, look out for the chiropractors that offer alternative pain relief.

Stammering Help

Children are especially vulnerable when it comes to having problems with stammering. I'd like to go into a little detail about how we can help our children who are suffering from this problem. If we can give them stammering help, it will boost their confidence that they will be able to overcome this condition.

Start by slowing down. This begins with your actions. As children are generally hyperactive by nature, this is easier said than done, but by showing the children that they can gain better control of their stammering by slowing down, they will come around soon enough and slow down.

Along with slowing down activity and not rushing into things quite so fast physically, the child needs to slow their talking down. Along with hyperactive bodies, they have hyperactive tongues, which could wreck havoc on their talking.

Teach the child you are giving stammering help to all about patience, and how having that in abundance will help him or her is able to say what they want to say. There is no hurry when it comes to eliminating their stammering tongue. Patience really is a value. Nothing is ever gained by rushing headlong into it and running the risk of messing it all up. True for kids as well as for adults.

Teach the child to take a moment before they speak to gather their thoughts. Doing so, they can see in their mind what they want to say, and visualize themselves saying it. Kind of like rehearsal for their speech. Take the time here to teach them basic visualization skills. Treat it similar to daydreaming, so that they understand the concept better.

Remember never to force the words out. This will only make things worse. What will provide stammering help is to remember that there is no hurry. No one is timing you when you speak. Relax, get rid of the stress and anxiety surrounding your child, and let them have a go at it. You've been surprised at the results.

Reward the child for their effort. For a child, there is no greater stammering help than a treat. They will even find themselves trying harder, if they know they have a treat waiting for them after a hard session.

What child is not motivated by a candy bar, or even a trip to the movies, for their efforts at improving themselves?

As you give stammering help to these struggling children, be sure to let them know that changes will not happen overnight, but with patience and a little fun, they will be speaking fluently in no time. Let them know that they can accomplish anything they set their mind to, anything at all, and that overcoming their stammering issue is no different than anything else.

But I Can See Just Fine – Things No One Told Me About Diabetic Eye Disease

Living with diabetes, I’ve been told many times that I need a retinal eye exam every year. I’m told this by my health insurance, by my doctors, by every diabetes awareness council out there. Now, I’m spreading the message, but with a difference.

None of these sources ever told me WHY I needed a retinal eye exam. I found them to be quite an ordeal and never kept up with them. Now I am paying the price.

Things I’ve learned about 2 1/2 years ago:

  • I was legally blind.*
  • There is such a thing as an eyeball injection.
  • No matter what Ophthalmologist tells you, eyeball injections feel exactly the way you imagine they feel.
  • By the time you notice symptoms of diabetic eye problems, you’re already at the point where you probably need said injection and maybe even surgery (and not the laser kind… the scalpel kind).

*”Was” is the operative word there. Fortunately, in my case, much of the damage was still reversible.

About ten years or so ago, I was having some vision problems and figured it was time to go in and get a new pair of glasses. I had been prescribed lenses in the past for my astigmatism, but they were not very strong and I almost never wore them. I figured that the years had worsened the problem and maybe it was time to give in and get a new pair. I had excellent vision benefits at my job, so there was no reason to put it off any longer.

Through the refractive examination (that’s where they put different lenses in front of you and you tell them which is better) we reached a point where there was improvement, but they couldn’t get me to 20/20. That’s when they gave me my first retinal exam, and problems were found.

I was diagnosed with Diabetic Retinopathy. This occurs when blood vessels in the retina are damaged as a result of diabetes. These damaged blood vessels are no long able to adequately nourish the retina, so your body responds by growing new blood vessels. However, it doesn’t do a very good job of it, and these new blood vessels are prone to leakage.

I was treated with a laser to seal off those blood vessels and was warned that I needed to keep my blood sugar and blood pressure under control to avoid further complications. My vision at this point did suffer some permanent damage. There were small areas in my field of vision that just didn’t work anymore. I didn’t notice until I began looking for it that my brain was filling in these gaps subconsciously. I found that if I looked at printed text with one eye closed, it became more apparent. I could see places where the text would warp to fill in one of the holes.

The exam itself was unpleasant, but the treatment was a nightmare. The exam involved shining a bright light in my eye to illuminate my retina while the doctor looked into my dilated pupils while the doctor used a magnifying lens to look examine the retinal surface. The treatment involved a device to hold my eye open, while a lens was pressed against my eye to flatten the cornea while lasers were shot at the blood vessels. Those appeared as even more super bright lights, and I could feel a burning sensation inside my eye. I was glad when that was finally over.

The following year, the memory of my last visit still very fresh in my mind, I was hesitant to go back for another checkup. I ended up not going. After all, my vision hadn’t changed any, so I didn’t think there was any need to go back.

The following year, I found a similar excuse. The year after that, well, I just didn’t bother. Nor did I bother the following year, nor the one after that… This was a mistake.

Fast forward a bit. At least, that’s what it feels like. The years go by so quickly now. I found myself noticing what I thought was shoddy workmanship on the bathroom tile. The grout was all crooked and it made the tiles look like the edges were indented. After a few weeks, I realized it wasn’t the tile at all. It was my eyes. I didn’t have any medical insurance by then, so rather than make an appointment, I put it on my list of things to get checked out once I had insurance again. Another mistake.

Months pass. I got new insurance through my new job. I began noticing my vision is noticeably worse than it had been in the past. However, it was November, I had just moved, the holiday season was beginning, there was surely no time to be making doctor appointments. I’m just making all kinds of mistakes here.

About a month into the new year, 2013, I found an ophthalmologist that accepted my insurance and scheduled an appointment. I had my appointment on a Friday afternoon. After a few standard tests, the ophthalmologist took pictures of my retina. After looking them over he told me I needed to see a retina specialist right away. And he meant RIGHT AWAY. He didn’t want me to wait until Monday. He made some calls and found someone who could see me that day.

I was immediately sent to a retinal specialist. The news was bad. I had more issues with Diabetic Retinopathy, and also Diabetic Macular Edema. The macula is a small indentation in the back of the eye, in the middle of the retina, near the optic nerve. This area was severely swollen, due to fluid leakage from all of those haphazardly formed blood vessels, leading to further warping of my vision, and also it gives things kind of a washed out look, like if you have your TV set too bright and the contrast too high. It makes it hard to see detail. It had gotten to a point where I could barely read my computer monitor anymore, and driving had become dangerous.

These issues would have been detected with regular eye exams, and they could have been solved before causing damage to my vision. At the time of the diagnosis, my vision was 20/400 in my left eye, and 20/200 in my right (legally blind).

I’ve been undergoing treatment for about two and a half years. Those treatments have included several more lasers, monthly injections of medicine into each eye (which those have come to an end about 3 months ago), and one surgery on my left eye. I may still need surgery on my right eye in the near future.

All in all, the treatments have been an ordeal, but, combined with keeping my blood sugar under better control than ever, they are working. My uncorrected vision right now is 20/50 and 20/40.

I wish I knew ten years ago what I do now. I certainly would have opted to take the inconvenience of an annual exam. Many diabetic eye conditions don’t affect your vision until they are fairly advanced. A retinal eye exam can reveal issues before you become symptomatic.

For more information about Diabetic Eye diseases, their causes, diagnoses and treatment, please contact your eye care specialist. Don’t put it off.

Golf Strategy – How to Break 90

Most people who play golf have never broken 90 in their golf careers.

This is obviously a major goal for these folks and a source of major frustration …

When I talk and play with these golfers, there is one common observation that I can make about their games that is creating a serious mental barrier to their progress … and that is an intense desire for "more distance".

The other common observation I can make about their game is that they are passionate about golf and will do whatever it takes to improve.

The golf industry thrives on these desires:

"buy this driver and add 10 extra yards to your game"
"buy this ball for extra distance"
"Learn to swing like the pros"
"Turn more for more distance"

Whenever you look in golf magazines or watch infomercials on TV these headlines are everywhere …. its no wonder that this distance message has rubbed off on the struggling golfer.

Yet, when you do the math on what distances you require to break 90 off the standard white tees on the typical golf course, the numbers will surprise you …

Understand the Numbers

Golf is all about numbers and making smart decisions. If you can understand the numbers that are necessary to meet your scoring goals, you will begin to make smarter decisions that will quickly lead to lower scores.

I say this because it is this lack of understanding of the numbers involved in the game that leads golfers to make bad decisions both on and off the course:

"I need this new $ 600 driver to get my drives to 230 yards …. that will make a huge difference to may scores"

"If only I could get my irons to go further, what a difference that would make"

Yet, talk to these same people 6 months after their purchase and many of them have made little difference to their scores …

This push for distance is a huge mental barrier. Those golfers who progress faster with their games are those who have discovered how to overcome this mental obstruction.

What they need to do is make mental shift away from distance, to one of "consistency" …

If you can make that change, you will find your game will accelerate quickly to lower scoring.

That process begins by knowing your numbers ….

Understand the Distance Numbers

Golf is all about making smart decisions around distance. If you can understand the numbers that are necessary to meet your scoring goals, you will begin to make smarter decisions that will quickly lead to lower scores.

I say this because it is this lack of understanding of the distances involved in the game that lead golfers to make bad decisions both on and off the course:

"I need this new $ 600 driver to get my drives to 230 yards … that will make a huge difference to may scores"

"If only I could get my irons to go further, what a difference that would make"

Yet, talk to these same people 6 months after their purchase and many of them have made little difference to their scores …

This push for distance is a huge mental barrier. Those golfers who progress faster with their games are those who have discovered how to overcome this mental obstruction.

Make this mental shift, and you will find your game will accelerate quickly to lower scoring.

That process begins by knowing your numbers …

Average distances to Break 90

Let's assume you play on an average length course of 6,100 yards. I am going to throw some average distance requirements per stroke out there to break 90 that is based on different putting abilities …

45 putts / round – average distance / stroke to shoot 89 = 138 yards
40 putts / round – average distance / stroke to shoot 89 = 124 yards
36 putts / round – average distance / stroke to shoot 89 = 115 yards
(average distance = 6,100 ((89 – # of putts / round))

For ladies on a 5,500 yard course the yards are less:

45 putts / round – average distance / stroke to shoot 89 = 128 yards
40 putts / round – average distance / stroke to shoot 89 = 115 yards
36 putts / round – average distance / stroke to shoot 89 = 104 yards

As you look at these numbers, even some absolute beginners using a set of old clubs can reach these distances!

So where is the need for distance?

If you are any good at putting you could probably get round the course in 89 using only a 9/8 iron and a putter …

"Ah, but that is not how the game is played …" some say.

That is certainly true. But then I would ask "how should you play the game and what are you trying to achieve?" …

Change of Thinking

In showing you these distances and prodding these questions I am not trying to be critical of those who play in the 90's or above …

I am simply trying to help you clarify the numbers to encourage you think a little more about how you may be approaching your own game.

Of course I would not suggest you go around the course with nothing but an 8 iron and a putter. That is silly. However, these numbers clearly suggest that you do not need a 230 yard drive either.

So what can we learn from just studying these distances?

1. For starters, if you are able to average a 2 putt on every green for your round, you remove a huge distance requirement from your game.

This then should be your top priority for breaking 90 … practice putting at home to get your putting average down to 36 or less per round.

2. The second observation that jumps out at us is that distance is not an issue if you are able to execute every shot cleanly during the round without a miss hit or duff shot.

Swing consistency becomes key, not distance.

Here is how your thinking and mental approach to your swing has to change …

It does not matter how far you hit the ball, but it is vital that you hit every shot with some level of consistency.

Consistency comes with a lot of practice, but it can also come from making smart decisions with your shot making …

Operating at the Top End of your Swing Capability Curve

Your judgment calls on distance and club selection can seriously affect your swing consistency … this is all a "mental process" and has nothing to do with your physical capability.

Let me show you an example …

Let's say that you are faced with an approach shot to the green of 140 yards. What are your choices?

Well, on the range you know that you can reach 140 yards with an 8 iron …. in most cases you might have a go with that decision.

How confident do you feel at executing that shot? What are the likely outcomes if you do not pull it off?

Here is what I observe with many high handicap golfers when making decisions of this nature …

9 times out of 10 they are always short of the green. This is because of either a complete miss hit duff shot or they did not catch the ball cleanly at contact.

On top of this the accuracy of the shot is off as well.

The reason for this is that they are swinging at the high end of their swing capability curve trying to execute a "full turn", because that is what they have read, or were told will give them the "most distance".

If they adopt this same mental approach to swinging with a full turn during their practice sessions with all their clubs, their decisions on distance ability with each club are going to be influenced by the results they achieve on the range.

The shots they remember are the shots they hit well that go a mile, but do they remember how far they hit the balls that did not go so well? …. probably not.

Whenever you try to run a "system" at the high of it capability it is going to experience some failure.

The same can be said of your golf swing. Try to swing with a full turn on every shot, and you will experience failure more times than not.

That is because with a full backswing extension you are more likely to experience:
o Balance problems
o Breakdowns of the left arm
o Excessive tension in the arms that leads to a prerelease of the hands from the top of the swing and poor timing

to mention but a few …

OK. Now I want you to consider your chances of reaching the same 140 yards with either a 7 iron or even a 6 iron. Are you likely to be short with either of these two clubs?

The answer is, "no, only if I miss hit the shot completely. If anything I may overshoot the target …"

Choose a Club Down for better Swing Consistency

Here is how you can immediately improve your swing consistency on the course …

I want you to ask yourself why you put yourself under distance pressure for this 140 yard shot?

Why do you need to operate your swing at the high end of your capacity curve and push the extremes of your swing limits with an 8 iron, knowing that you are likely to experience a miss hit?

This is totally unnecessary. You have the option of selecting down a club that you know you will reach the distance with a much higher degree of certainty.

This same thought process can be applied to every swing decision you make with every iron you have in the bag.

The only time you reach a point where you have to make a full turn to increase distance comes with clubs at the low end such as a 3 iron, 3 wood and driver where you no longer have the option to choose down a club.

Going to club down for all of your distance decisions changes your mental approach from one of going for distance, to one of going for consistency.

The first reaction you have when you make this decision is worrying about over shooting the target.

This thought process forces you to shorten your backswing so that you take some "heat" out of the shot.

When you shorten your backswing:

o Your balance is better and your swing is much easier to time.

o With improved balance also comes improved accuracy.

So, club down and shorten your backswing for improved consistency …

Set a scoring goal for each hole

You can reduce the pressure to swing for distance from your swing even further by accurately knowing what distance you need to achieve your scoring goal for every hole to break 90.

On a par 72 hole course you need to score 17 over par in order to achieve an 89.

You can break that down to a scoring goal for every hole of a 1 over par, only needing a single par on any one hole somewhere during the round.

Now let's look at how this information affects your decision making and club selection on the course …

For those of you who feel you need to add more distance to your game but have yet to break 90, I want to try and dispel this mental obstacle once and for all with this following example …

Let's put you under a pressure for distance scenario on the course by imaging you are standing on the tee of a 410 yard par 4. Does this intimidate you? You bet!

"I need to have a long drive so that I can give myself every chance of getting on or near the green with my approach shot …"

"It is holes like this that bring out the need for that 230 yard drive! Even with that drive I still have 180 yards to go with the next shot."

How do you rate your chances of pulling off consistent shots under this amount of pressure?

Not very high is my guess … "

Before you reach into the bag for the heavy artillery and psych yourself up for a monster drive, step back for a minute and think about what you are trying to achieve on this hole.

You are not trying to play for par, you are trying to play for a one over par because that is your goal for this hole.

Come to think of it, even a 5 handicap golfer does not need to go for par on this hole because horses of this nature usually have a handicap index of 5 or less!

Knowing you have 5 strokes to meet your goal, how can you best use those strokes to make each shot as simple as possible?

The trick lies in working your way back from the green to the tee, not from the tee to the green in your club selection …

Work backwards from the green for shot simplicity and improved consistency

First of all, I am going to assume you took note of my first observation and have practiced your putting at home and feel pretty good at averaging 2 putts per green.

That leaves you with 3 shots with which to work your way back to the tee to cover the 410 yards.

The first decision you need to make is at what distance and with what club can I feel confident at getting anywhere on the green 9 times out of 10, remembering that there is no need to push your swing to it's high limits for distance.

Let's say that a 65 yard pitching wedge comes to mind.

Ok, now let's work back a little further and decide what would be a reasonable shot that you feel pretty confident at getting you within that 65 yard approach shot range even from light rough.

Maybe a 160 yard iron or hybrid club.

What's left for your drive …. 185 yards, which for some of you may be a 3 wood distance.

What this exercise does for you is reduce the pressure to swing for distance completely from every shot tee to green. You will be able to swing well within your distance capability … especially if you also club down.

Your chances of implementing this strategy with reasonable consistency compared to the "conventional approach" is going to be much higher because you are not swinging at the high end of your swing range.

On top of this, if you successfully land your third shot on the green, you give yourself a one putt chance of a par!

Now compare that opportunity to the "conventional approach" where you would probably be satisfied with a one or even a two over par ….

Adding the Extra Shot and Shorten your Approach Shot

The one over scoring goal on every hole but one to break 90 allows you to design your tee to green play with an "extra shot" compared to a regulation strategy.

That extra shot on all the par 4's and par 5's brings the distance you require for every shot considerably.

Knowing this allows you to back off and swing well within your distance capability by clubbing down.

The extra shot also allows you to select a shooter approach shot on every hole which improves your changes of getting on the green.

This helps you avoid many wasted short game shots from around the green which are wonderful shot consumers for high handicap players who have not developed a short game.

Breaking 90

As I have shown you in this article, knowing the distance numbers to break 90 takes away the pressure to operate at the high end of your swing capability on every shot

Making smart club choices by clubbing down, also eliminates this distance pressure.

The strategy of adding the extra shot from tee to green to shorten your approach shots on every hole, not only reduced wasted shots from around the green, you also give yourself more par opportunities for a one putt par.

The desire to add more distance to your game can be a major mental barrier that is preventing you from lowering your scores and reaching your goal of 89.

Make the mental shift to thinking more on how to improve consistency by swinging well within you distance capabilities and your scores will drop significantly in a short period of time …

Good luck and good scoring!

Getting Help For Ringing Ears With Lipoflavonoid

People always ask if there is a cure for Tinnitus. Tinnitus, or commonly known as ringing of the ears, makes sufferers hear many different sounds like hissing, buzzing, clicking, swishing, booming, and ringing. It is caused by the dislocation, damaged or infection of the cochlear canal or part of the middle ear which stabilizes the entrance of air and balances pressure inside our brain.

Drug companies along with medical scientists have long been engaged in coming up with products that can reverse the effect of Tinnitus. They have been quite successful but not enough to bring back normal hearing to some sufferers. Fortunately, there are alternative nutritional supplements such as Lipoflavonoid that can help in the treatment of tinnitus and also in repairing damaged parts of the inner ear. They are actually health supplements in the form of multi-vitamins that can increase circulation of blood and nutrients to the inner ear.

Lipoflavonoid is derived from the pigments of citrus specifically lemon fruits. Pharmaceutical companies fortify this with Vitamin C for healing effect and other minerals and vitamins to help damaged tissues enhanced healing. It contains ingredients such as hesperidin, eriocitrin, naringen, naringenin, flavonols, and flavones and all these are antioxidant ingredients that can enhance body resistance. You can find many lipoflavonoids on the internet today bearing different brands. But it is suggested that you must stick with the natural ones.

Lipoflavonoid was first formulated and introduced at one of the recognized medical Midwest centers in 1961. Doctors and researchers have discovered that lipoflavonoid can really help improve the circulatory system of the inner ear particularly ears of people who are suffering from Meniere’s disease. This disease is characterized by vertigo, deafness or ringing of ears. Since then, doctors recommend this nutritional formulation to patients suffering from this disease.

Today, capsules of lipoflavonoid contain Vitamin C, Vitamin B complex, niacin, panthothenic acid, choline, bioflavonoids with erioditryol glycoside and inositol. This fortification makes this multi-vitamin complete and more powerful in alleviating symptoms as well as an effective aid in the treatment of Tinnitus.