Healing the Soul’s Inherited Wound

LONGING for perfection, we strive and struggle all our lives never understanding why we can’t reconcile a gnawing ache within. It’s a God-shaped hole we’re trying to fill our own way. And it never works. Fortunately, there is a way.

“None of us are the blessed virgin Mary. We, with the best of intentions, are all going to pass on some of our garbage to our children.”

– Richard Rohr

A better way of describing the concept of original sin is to rename it inherited sin.

It was passed down the line. Our fathers and mothers gave it to us unknowingly. We give it to our children. And it’s inevitable. It’s why we shouldn’t resent our fathers and mothers for any reason. It’s also why our children cannot blame us for the damage we inflicted on them, and why we should not feel guilty. We did our best, just as our parents did their best. All wounds are wounds. It’s all about what we do with it; the wound.

Our opportunity is to take our wound and make it a sacred wound, as would be the case if we went through some sort of indigenous initiation.

Healing the inherited wound is so simple it’s profound. But it means understanding something that may take some time accepting. We must forgive. All those who have hurt us. All those who hurt us today. All those who will hurt us. And especially forgiving those who believe we have something yet to do to receive their forgiveness.

Healing the inherited wound is about tackling our demons of bitterness and resentment. It’s about forgiveness. Nothing else matters. Forgiveness transforms our wound making it sacred. And nothing can overcome us when we’ve done that. This is Jesus’ abundant life. Jesus’ joy is ours.

Suffering From Alopecia Areata Hair Loss? Find Out How You Can Beat It!

Alopecia Areata Hair Loss can be a real bummer because I think we all know just how important our hair is to us. Not only for its biological benefits of thermoregulation (meaning it keeps our head warm) but having good hair can make or break a person's appearance.

I think it is safe to say that our hair is one of our main sources of self-esteem, and when we begin to suffer from Alopecia Areata Hair Loss our confidence can begin to dwindle.

There are several different variables that have been known to cause a person to lose their hair, including genetics, vitamin deficiencies, poor diet, stress, lack of exercise and alopecia Areata Hair loss which we will be discussing today.

You will be happy to hear that all of these different causes of lost hair can be prone and even reversed, however, it is important to understand the underlying cause of your thinning hair problem before you will be able to solve it. So, let's get our facts straight:

What is Alopecia Areata Hair Loss?

It's caused by an auto-immune disorder that will eventually lead to your loss of hair. This condition has been known to primarily affect the scalp, although it has also been found to affect other parts of the body.

What Causes Alopecia Areata Hair Loss?

It results from a failure in our auto-immune system. The body is protected by our white blood cells, however, when this condition occurs, the white blood cells begin to turn on the body and will not only attack the normal germs, it will also begin to attack itself. These white blood cells may begin to attack the hair follicles which will cause them to ever dry up and die, which will then lead to losing your hair.

Why Does This Happen?

Experts are not exactly sure why Alopecia Areata hair loss causes this change in white blood cells causing them to attack your hair follicles, but they have speculated that it might have something to do with a predisposed genetic condition or a viral infection.

How is this Disease Developed?

Alopecia Areata Hair Loss is believed to be primarily a genetic disorder. There is no clear cut answer to why the white blood cells turn on the body, but again it is believed that it's primary trigger is genetics, so if you have someone in your family who is suffering from this condition, there is a good chance that you may end up developing it as well.

Tingling In The Penis – What It Means

If a man’s penis is tingling, it may be a sign of a serious health problem. More than just annoying, it may signal infection, inflammation and systemic disease. Tingling is often a sign of troubled nerve endings, irritated by inflammation, starved of nutrients, or damaged by trauma. For some men it is acute and may only last a few hours to a few days, and for other men it is a mysterious ailment that can go on for years. Diagnosis and treatment should be sought out immediately, to avoid chronic damage to the nerves and a loss of function. Supplements, penis health crèmes and medications may all support nerve regeneration, immune function and healing.

Poor circulation

Tingling in the penis may be caused by an acute or chronic case of poor circulation. While that might not sound terribly serious in nature, it is the cause of the poor circulation that determines how much a man should worry. Heart disease is one of the leading causes of death in men around the globe. Poor circulation to the hands, feet and pelvic region may be one of the first signs of cardiovascular disease to appear. Poor posture, obesity, diabetes, sedentary lifestyle and damage to the local capillaries in the penile tissues can also lead to reduced blood flow. In order to ensure a healthy stream of blood around the body, it is important to drink plenty of water, exercise 2-3 times per week, reduce white sugar and saturated fat in the diet, and consider using heart-healthy supplements such as garlic, hawthorn, fish oils, vitamin C, E and L-arginine.

Neuropathy

Nerve damage can occur through a variety of ways, and is highly detrimental to the sexual health of men as nerves do not regenerate easily once damaged. Physical trauma to local nerves and/or spinal nerves, poor blood flow, inflammation and infection can all lead to nerve damage, resulting in tingling, pain, numbness, or burning. Diabetes is a common cause of nerve damage in both men and women, as the high level of sugar in the blood stream reduces circulation and oxygenation of peripheral tissues. Stimulating circulation may help, but controlling blood sugars is vital to restoring sexual health. Alpha-lipoic acid, an antioxidant researched for its health benefits in diabetes, may restore some lost nerve function and protect nerve health in diabetics. Frequent or aggressive masturbation can also cause circulatory issues and nerve damage. Usually this sis temporary if penis receuves sufficient time to recuperate and penis select vitamins and minerals are applied to penile skin to provide a healing environment.

Infection

Sexual transmitted diseases and infections are one of the leading causes of penile tingling. If a man has recently had unprotected sex, and is now experiencing tingling in the penis, it is likely that he has contracted an infection. Genital warts, Candida, Chlamydia, gonorrhea and trichomonas are some of the most common pathogens responsible for causing this distressing symptom. In addition, non-specific urethritis is another possible diagnosis involving chronic inflammation of the urethra. Blood and urine tests will identify the source of the infection in most cases. According to a study published in the American Family Physician journal in 2010, medications such as azithromycin or doxycycline often treat STI’s and urethritis successfully. Men should also look into supporting immune function to ward off pathogenic viruses and bacteria. Vitamin C, A and Zinc are natural supplements that have been studied for their immune stimulating properties.

Health crèmes

Treating the local tissues with health crèmes is a great way of promoting penile health and improving nerve function. Penis health crèmes (most professionals recommend Man1 Man Oil) deliver a range of important nutrients for male health in a base of shea butter — a natural anti-inflammatory that moisturizes and soothes connective tissues. Vitamin C, E, A, alpha lipoic acid and L-arginine are included in the active ingredients. This combination will stimulate immune function, promote capillary health, benefit male hormones and reduce inflammation and irritation of nerves.

Infections of a Surgical Wound

Wounds typically break the continuity of the skin and permit organizations to have access to tissues and cause infection.

The first thing that you might want answered is what are wound infections? By definition a wound infection is a surgical site infection or SSI. There are the following varieties of a surgical site infection or SSI.

– A superficial incisional SSI. This is an infection that involves only skin and subcutaneous tissue.

– A deep incisional SSI. This is an infection that involves deep tissues, such as facial and muscle layers.

– An organ / space SSI. This is an infection that involves a part of the body in organs and spaces other than the incision that was opened or manipulated during an operation.

This, as you can see, is a definition of wound infection which is restricted to infections as a result of a surgical incision. If you take a broader view a more general definition would be infection of a wound which was caused by physical injury of the skin as a result of penetrating trauma from plants, animals, guns, knives or other objects.

In a hospital one of the most commonly acquired infections are infections forming in surgical wounds. These are also known to be a cause of morbidity and mortality.

The next question that might come to your mind is what causes wound infections?

In simple terms an infection in a wound is the result of deposition and multiplication of microorganisms in the surgical site of a suspect host. There are various ways in which microorganisms can find their way into wounds. These include:

– Through direct contact. Here germs are transferred from surgical equipments or the hands of the surgeons or nurses to the wound.

– Via airborne dispersal. Micro organisms are deposited by the surrounding contaminated air.

– Self-pollution. This is a result of migration of the patient's own endogenous flora. These are present on the skin, mucous membranes or gastrointestinal tract to the surgical site.

The organisms that are mostly most commonly associated with wound infections include Staphylococcus aureus / MRSA, Streptococcus pyogenes, Enterococci and Pseudomonas aeruginosa.

To be categorized as a surgical wound infection some symptoms are as follows:

– Infection should occur within thirty days of the operation.

– There is purulent discharge from the site of the surgery.

– There is a purulent discharge from the wound or from the drain placed in wound.

– There are organizations found in the aseptically acquired wound culture.

Treat Your Glaucoma With Marijuana? Ask Your Optometrist For Prescription Drops and Pass On the Pot

Should you ask your eye doctor about marijuana for your glaucoma treatment? Medical Marijuana has been legalized in 14 states but is still not legal under federal law. Many states have been struggling with the massive expansion of medical marijuana dispensaries. Government bodies including cities, state and counties are trying to assure that only adults with legitimate medical issues that can benefit from medical marijuana are able to obtain access.

So is marijuana a valid treatment for glaucoma? Research to date is limited and all glaucoma institutions including the National Eye Institute have recommended not using marijuana in the treatment of glaucoma. There is a lowering of eye pressure but a number of issues create problems with using medical marijuana in treating glaucoma. Marijuana is typically smoked. The effective dosing schedule is about every 3 hours due to a short lived effect. Eye pressures tend to rise at night so repeated dosing every 3 hours night and day would be required. This would disrupt the sleep cycle and result in poor motor skills, inability to drive legally, and low functioning interfering with the ability to work all of the time.

These side effects are unacceptable to most of the population. At this point there is no regulation or oversight of the quality and amount of active compounds in medical marijuana. Unlike prescription pharmaceuticals, the amount required for a proper dose is impossible to accurately state. There are also problems with decreased blood pressure, increased heart rate, and dizziness when standing up after sitting. The decreased blood pressure theoretically could reduce blood flow to the optic nerve and increase the risk of glaucoma damage. There are other possible health risks and benefits that may occur. Oddly, lung cancer does not to be a risk at this time, and marijuana may even offer a protective effect. However, there is some damage to the lung tissues that is thought to occur with long term usage.

Capsules of the single most active substance in marijuana are available by prescription through regular drugstores. These also lower eye pressure but significantly less than inhaled marijuana. The capsules also have a slower onset and need to be consumed every 4-6 hours. The side effects are often described as much more unpleasant than inhalation. The prescription capsules lack the 60+ other similar compounds found in the plants plus several hundred other types of biological compounds. It is unknown if this makes the prescription capsules a better or worse choice. Again, the required frequency of dosing and side effects make this a poor option for the treatment of glaucoma.

Current glaucoma prescription eye drops usually require dosing 1 to 2 times per day, and have a low risk of side effects that rarely interfere with daily functioning. They have a very precise, consistent level of active components. While some problems can occur, these are rare and fairly well known from clinical trials. Marijuana has some active compounds that do lower eye pressure and deserve further support for future investigation. We may even find it is a useful adjunct for treatment in conjunction with standard therapies in the future. However, at this time there is no indication that medical marijuana has any place as a primary treatment for glaucoma, when we have such a large choice of prescription drugs that have undergone vigorous studies. These studies have found them to be safe and effective, with significant research behind them. As a bonus, you do not have to be constantly looking over your shoulder due to the uncertain legal status when you stick to clinically approved glaucoma medications.

Epileptic Seizure Solution

Being a very unpredictable disease, epilepsy frequently rules the lives of those attacked by it. The solitary way to maintain control over symptoms is by using assorted combinations of anti-convulsive drugs and developing a well-balanced style of living that keeps excesses of all sorts away.

Mysoline, is an anti-convulsive drug that stops seizures triggered by epilepsy. This form of long-term treatment can be taken for an indefinite period of time. However long you keep taking it, be absolutely sure a close contact with your doctor is maintained for a professional monitoring of your condition.

Treatment Specifics

This medication should be administered as suspension or capsules, and quantity depends on the intensity of the problem, body weight and age. If you choose Mysoline in liquid form, keep it in a dark location and vigorously shake the bottle prior to every usage to ascertain you get the accurate amount.

If you miss a dose, take it as soon as possible. If it is within 1 hour of your next dose, skip the missed dose and go back to your regular dosing schedule. Do not take 2 doses at once.

Warnings

The only health circumstance that is totally mismated is porphyria, an inherited metabolic disorder.

At the conclusion of treatment, never discontinue taking this medication abruptly, as this may contribute to stronger seizures than you've experienced previously. Withdrawal must be a gradual process.

Taking into consideration the fact that this drug is, for the most part, administrated for an eminently
long period of time, intermittent blood tests are imperative to maintain an accurate view of your health condition, and to inhibit any possible system decline in quality.

Beware of drug interactions

Prior to beginning any new drug therapy, make sure it does not interject with this medication.Or you risk to jeopardize the effectiveness of either. Medications that are susceptible to Mysoline incumbrance include: estrogen based oral contraceptives, certain antibiotics, blood-thinning drugs, anti-depressants and steroidal drugs

On that account, try to abstain from all alcoholic drinks while using this medication. In order to circumvent possible unwanted side effects, it is important to inform your health care provider on the use of this drug.

There are an abundance of other drugs that can be safely mixed with Mysoline without triggering any negative effects. Your doctor is the most qualified person to talk to when needing to interpret other asserted health problems that inevitably appear.

Use this medication exactly as prescribed. Do not change from one manufacturer's product to another without consulting your doctor.

Continue taking Mysoline even if you feel well. Do not miss any doses.

Mysoline gives you the effectiveness of phenobarbital plus additional protection. A patient who seizures have not been controlled by phenobarbital may have better results from Mysoline.

study in children-which also included Depakote (valproate) -focused on the rate of side effects. Only 8% of the children who were given Mysoline had to stop taking it because of side effects. Phenobarbital, which can be an excellent medication, often is avoided in children because of the possibility of mental slowing. By using Mysoline alone, children can enjoy many of the same benefits while avoiding this problem because the amount of phenobarbital produced by breaking down the Mysoline is low.

It is important to remember that no single combination of antiepileptic medications is perfect for everyone. Sometimes, a series of combinations must be tried before finding what is best for the individual patient.

A Universally-Recommended Vaccine for Sheep and Lambs

Flock vaccinations are a vital part of raising healthy sheep and lambs. One of the most highly-recommended and used flock inoculations is called the CD-T toxoid. The CD-T toxid offers multifaceted protection in three ways: protecting against enterotoxaemia caused by Clostridium perfringens types C and D, as well as, Tetanus (also referred to as lockjaw) caused by Clostridium tetani. Continue reading to learn more about this vital vaccine and the common lamb and sheep diseases it protects against.

3 Way, 7 Way, and 8 Way Clostridal Vaccines for Sheep

Although the typical 3-way clostridal vaccine is sufficient in most cases, there are also 7-way and 8 way clostridal vaccines available, which provide further coverage against clostridial diseases such as malignant edema and blackleg. Vaccination against Tetanus and types C and D enterotoxaemia are the most common and effective options for sheep and lamb flocks.

Types C and D Enterotoxaemia Vaccines

Also known as “hemorrhagic enteritis” or “bloody scours,” Type C Enterotoxaemia is more common in young lambs, often born within a few weeks of time. The primary implication of this disease is that it causes a bloody infection in the lamb’s small intestinal system. The actual cause of this disease is sometimes difficult to assess since there are several conditions it relates too, including a sudden increase in milk supply (perhaps when a littermate is removed), change in feed (i.e. bacterial growth, creep feeding, etc.), chronic indigestion, and even genetic predispositions. Inoculating dams in their early stages of pregnancy is a common method for preventing type C Enterotoxaemia, followed by vaccinating lambs at 7 or 8 weeks old.

Type D Enterotoxaemia is very similar to type C in that it can be caused by much of the same conditions and underlying genetic predispositions. However, it is mostly predicated by overeating, giving it its colloquial moniker of “pulpy kidney disease.” Lambs over the age of one month are common targets of this disease. In most cases, fast growing lambs in the flock are affected with they already have a bacteria in their gut that proliferates as a result of a sudden change in feed. This excess bacterial growth causes a toxic reaction that is commonly fatal. The type D Enterotoxaemia vaccine is effective at preventing this condition when administered to dams during pregnancy.

Tetanus

It is important to administer a tetanus anti-toxin at the time of docking and castrating in lambs. This is especially important if elastrator bands are being used. Although temporary, this vaccine gives immediate protection against Clostridium tetani. In contrast, tetanus toxoid vaccines offer more adequate protection, but take at least 10 day or more to become effective in the blood stream. They also require periodic booster shots to remain effective.

Help! I Think I Have a Hearing Loss!

Hearing Loss

Friends and family members have been hinting that you need to have your hearing checked. You took a free online hearing test, but now you're worried because these unofficial test results indicate you have a hearing loss. What should you do?

First, do not panic. Make an appointment with an Ear, Throat, and Nose (ENT) doctor and have your ears examined. An ENT can do an examination and let you know immediately if there is an obvious reason for a decline in your hearing, such as fluid in the ears, an ear infection, or wax build-up. If there is no apparent reason for your hearing loss, the ENT will probably do additional testing and may refer you to an audiologist for a comprehensive hearing evaluation.

Hearing Exam

The audiologist will examine your ear drums and measure the pressure in your middle ear before beginning the test. While wearing headphones, you will listen to a series of tones in different frequencies and decibels, and indicate the ones you can hear. Your responses will be graded on an audiogram.

Words classified as spondees (two-syllable words that have equal stress on each syllable) will be played into your answers for you to repeat. This part of the test determines how well you understand speech. Background noise will be played during a part of the speech comprehension test to measure how well you hear in a noisy environment.

After the testing is complete, your audiologist will be able to tell you if you are listening below normal or not. If you are diagnosed with a hearing loss, your audiologist will tell the type of loss you have and recommend treatment options. There are three types of hearing loss: conductive, sensorineural, and mixed. A conductive loss is caused by problems with the ear canal, ear drum, or middle ear and its tiny bones (the malleus, incus, and stapes). This type of hearing loss is usually treated medically or surgically. A sensorineural loss is also known as nerve-deafness, and is caused by problems in the inner ear. Hearing aids are usually prescribed. A mixed hearing loss is a combination of conductive and sensorineural hearing loss.

If the audiologist determines you have a sensorineural loss, you can probably be helped with hearing aids. Conductive losses can not be helped with hearing aids due to damage in the inner ear and outer / middle ear. People with a mixed loss may or may not benefit from hearing aids; the conductive loss should be treated first, then hearing aids may be helpful.

If you've received an official diagnosis of hearing loss, there's no reason to feel embarrassed. If hearing aids will help you, there's nothing shameful about wearing them. People who wear glasses or contacts are not accused of having less than perfect vision, they're simply using assistive technology to see normally. Likewise, hearing aids are assistive technology, but with a huge difference – hearing aids will not give you normal hearing, they will only help you hear better.

Reading deaf blogs will show you that your beexperiences are common to others with a hearing loss. But do not just read information online – meet deaf and hard of hearing people off-line in safe settings. Here are some suggestions:

  • Attend Hearing Loss Association of America (HLAA) meetings
  • Attend the Association of Late-Deafened Adults (ALDA) meetings
  • Check your local college for sign language classes
  • Go to Silent Dinners and Deaf Starbucks social outings
  • Check meetup.com for gatherings of people learning sign language

Make sure that you begin interacting with people who also have hearing loss. Do not isolate yourself. Your friendships with deaf and hard of hearing people will become very valuable as you accept your silence. In time, you will discover that life can be just as enjoyable as before.

Myths About Deafness

At the outset of this article I must state that I am a hearing person. I have no qualifications in deaf culture. The aim of this article is to broaden cultural understanding of deafness and break down some of the myths about deafness.

Myth One

Deaf people cannot talk.

Fact: – Deaf people can talk. They use their hands, not their mouths to communicate. Sign language is a recognized language with its own structure, grammar and tenses. It can convey the same complexity of meaning as spoken language.

Myth Two

All deaf people use the same sign language.

Fact: – Each country has its own sign language. Just as there are many ‘spoken languages’ and many variations within each language. For example people from Scotland and those from America speak English. However they may have difficulty understanding each other. It is the same with sign language. There are some similarities between British Sign Language (BSL) and Auslan, but there are more differences. American Sign Language (ASL) uses one hand to spell words. Often when deaf people meet other deaf from a different country they rely on mime and gesture to communicate. This is the same as the way hearing people who do not share a language try to communicate. Within the international deaf community there is an international sign language. However this is generally only know by deaf people who travel overseas regularly.

Myth Three

The best way to communicate with a deaf person is by writing.

Fact: – Sign language uses a different structure and grammar than written English. Deaf people are very visual. Written English is often confusing to them. It is far better to use gesture and mime.

Myth Four

All deaf people can lip read.

Fact: – Less than half the deaf population can lip-read. Those that can lip read well will understand around 30% of what is said to them. People with accents, moustaches and poor lip patterns are more difficult to understand.

Myth Five

All deaf people have an intellectual disability.

Fact:- There is no relationship between deafness and intellect. As with the hearing population there are some deaf people who have an intellectual disability. Many deaf people attend university and hold responsible positions in business and society,

Myth Six

All deaf people should have a cochlea implant.

Fact:- Many deaf people are against Cochlea implants for deaf children. Again this is because there is no disability in being deaf. Deaf cannot imagine coping with the distraction of noise all day. One deaf woman made an excellent remark in relation to cochlea implants. She wondered what the medical professions’ response would be if she asked that her hearing child be operated on to remove it’s hearing. She is proud to be deaf. Her family is deaf. To her, deaf is normal. Hearing is a not normal in her family. She, like many other deaf, and some hearing people, believes that cochlea implants should never be given to children who are born deaf. Implants are most suited to those who have lost their hearing.

Hopefully this article has awakened your interest in deafness. There are many resources available where you can find more information.

How to Treat Glaucoma – Some Tips You Need to Know

Glaucoma is the No 2 cause of blindness worldwide after cataracts. Glaucoma attacks the optical nerve and causes chronic and progressive deterioration. The disease is diagnosed by testing eye pressure. While blindness caused by cataracts is generally curable, this is not the case with glaucoma. That is why it is very important to know how to treat Glaucoma.

People who have glaucoma have to undergo lifetime treatment to avoid blindness. Of course, this long treatment will cost a lot of money. Many people can not afford this kind of treatment.

The vision of people with glaucoma usually deteriorates over time due to disruption to the optic nerve as indicated by elevated eye pressure. Glaucoma attacks people 40 years old and over. The disease can be inherited from parents or grandparents.

Using steroids, such as certain eye drops, asthma inhalers and rheumatism or arthritis medicines, can make a person susceptible to the disease. Those with severe cases of myopia and hypermethropia, diabetes mellitus, hypertension or migraine can also develop glaucoma.

To treat Glaucoma can be done through many kinds of ways. Below are some tips that you may practice for Glaucoma treatment.

1. Eye Screening

Regular eye screening is recommended. Prevention is better than cure. Glaucoma screening can prevent blindness.

2. Avoid Stress

Stress is also another cause of Glaucoma. When people are diagnosed they have Glaucoma they feel stressed. Stress just makes Glaucoma worse. Stress also can cause eye strain on the eyes. Avoid stress if you want to cure Glaucoma since stress is useless.

3. Eyesight Vitamins

In fact, you can not find cures for Glaucoma. However, there are a lot of treatments for Glaucoma. Some of those treatments are natural. One of natural ways to treat Glaucoma is called vitamin therapy. Vitamin therapy is a kind of therapy which is intended at restoring eyesight by consuming enough eyesight vitamins. The main vitamins for eyesight consist of vitamin A, vitamin C, and vitamin E.

4. Start Healthy Life

Vitamins and nutrients are very important for your eyes. A balanced diet with lots of fruits and vegetables can restore your eyesight. Regular exercise is also necessary. In other words, healthy eyesight starts from healthy life.

Symptoms and Treatment for the Thunderclap Headache

A thunderclap headache is a severe and sudden headache with enough force to literally knock a person over. It feels like the worst headache of your life. The sudden impact of the headache can come out of nowhere. The pain can peak within 60-seconds, with the pain often starting to fade and clear after 60-minutes. A very severe thunderclap headache is still noticed after a period of 7 days or longer. The pain is noticed anywhere in the region of the neck or head.

A thunderclap headache is rare. But can be an early indication of a life-threatening condition. They could be giving a warning related to a subarachnoid hemorrhage (bleeding in the brain), a brain aneurysm (swelling blood vessels), or a blood clot in the brain. Other issues may relate to pituitary apoplexy (a burst pituitary gland), a stroke, or meningitis. Since some of these conditions can result in death within hours, it is crucial to seek medical attention as soon as possible.

Symptoms

Thunderclap headaches are dramatic and don’t come with any early warning signs. The feeling of experiencing the headache is much like a sudden kick to the head which results in crippling pain. Beside the crippling head pain, other symptoms associated with this condition include vision problems, vomiting and nausea. In the most serious cases, such as those related to bleeding in the brain, the patient is certain to fall unconscious with a short period. The pain can last for 60 minutes to seven to 10 days. The most noticeable pain starts to recede within minutes, but this can often give a false belief that the thunderclap headache is improving on its own.

Treatment

Treatment given for the thunderclap headache depends on the results of the doctors check-up. The areas of greatest concern like swollen or burst blood vessels in the brain or thyroid glands are checked as a matter of urgency. It is also crucial to check for blood clots in the brain. A patient receives a MRI or CAT scan to help diagnosis the condition. If the imaging equipment detects one of the serious conditions, the patient is certain to receive immediate surgery to treat the bleeding.

If a scan is inconclusive, the patient is likely to receive a lumbar puncture or spinal tap to look at the spinal fluid. The cerebrospinal fluid can give more information on internal bleeding or reveal signs of the infection. Pain medication is given to help relieve the pain of the more persistent headache. When other symptoms are noticed like strange red marks, a stiff neck or high fever, this is often related to an outbreak of meningitis.

Facts About Sinusitis

Paranasal sinuses are air-filled spaces within bone. There are four named sinuses and these are the maxillary, frontal, ethmoidal, and sphenoidal sinuses. These sinuses are named after the bones in which they are located. The paranasal sinuses open into the nasal cavity and are lined with a mucus membrane. There are three primary functions of the sinuses. First, they decrease the weight of the skull. Second, they produce mucus. And third, they also affect the quality of out voice by acting as resonating chambers. The sinuses are involved in many upper respiratory tract infections.

Para-nasal sinuses are air-filled spaces within bone. There are four named sinuses and these are the maxillary, frontal, ethmoidal, and sphenoidal sinuses. These sinuses are named after the bones in which they are located. The paranasal sinuses open into the nasal cavity and are lined with a mucus membrane. There are three primary functions of the sinuses. First, they decrease the weight of the skull. Second, they produce mucus. And third, they also affect the quality of out voice by acting as resonating chambers. The sinuses are involved in many upper respiratory tract infections.

Sinusitis is an inflammation of the mucous membrane of any sinus, especially one or more paranasal sinuses. It often follows an upper respiratory infection or cold, or an exacerbation of allergic rhinitis. It can result from inflammation due to allergies or polyps that obstruct a sinus opening into a nasal cavity. The inflammation can also be caused by viral infections like the common cold. The viral infection can cause mucous membranes to become inflated, swell, and produce excess mucus. As a result, the sinus opening into the nasal cavity can be partially or completely blocked.

When mucus accumulates within the sinus, it can provide an excellent medium for bacterial growth, thus, it can promote the development of a bacterial infection. The upsurge of mucus and the inflammation of mucus membranes due to the infection produce pain. Other conditions that can obstruct the normal flow of sinus secretions include abnormal structure of the nose, enlarged adenoids, diving and swimming, tooth infection, trauma to the nose, and the pressure of foreign objects.

If their openings into the nasal passes are clear, the infections resolve immediately. However, if the drainage is obstructed due to certain conditions like deviated septum, nasal polyps or tumors, sinus infection may persist as a secondary infection or progress to an acute suppurative process, causing purulent discharge.

Four types of sinusitis have been identified – acute, subacute, chronic, and allergic sinusitis. Acute sinusitis refers to rapid-injury infection in one or more of the paranasal sinuses that resolves with treatment. Subacute sinusitis is a persistent purulent nasal discharge lasting therapy with symptoms lasting for less than three months. Chronic sinusitis occurs with episodes of prolonged infection and with repeated oradequate treatment of acute infections. An irreversible damage to the mucosa may also occur. The symptoms last for longer for three months. Bacterial organisms like Streptococcus pneumoniae, Haemophilus influenzae, and Moraxella catarrhalis are the most commonly associated organisms with sinusitis. Less common organizations include Streptococcus pyogenes, Chlamydia pneumoniae, and aspergillus fumigatus (fungi). Fungal infections may occur in immuno-suppressed patients.

The symptoms of sinusitis differ from people to people and depend on the age of the person. In adults, most infections involve the maxillary and anterior ethmoidal sinuses. Symptoms may include facial pain or pressure over the affected area, fatigue, facial pain, nasal obstruction, purulent nasal discharge, fever, headache, ear pain, and a sense of fullness. Other symptoms may also include dental pain, diminished sense of smell, sore throat, a periorbital edema in the morning, and a cough that becomes worse when the patient is in supine position. Acute sinusitis can be difficult to distinguish from an upper respiratory infection or allergic rhinitis. If fewer than two symptoms are present, then acute bacterial sinusitis is ruled out. However, the presence of four or more symptoms suggests acute bacterial sinusitis.

If not raised, acute sinusitis may lead to severe and rare life-threatening complications such as meningitis, brain abscess, ischemic brain infarction, and osteomyelitis. Other complications of sinusitis include severe orbital cellulitis, subperiostal abscess, cavernous sinus thrombosis, and meningitis. Brain abscess may take place by direct spread and can be critical. Frontal epidural abscesses are typically inactive. The goal of treatment of acute sinusitis is focused the treatment of the infection, reduction of the inflammation, and relief of pain.

Antibiotic therapy is utilized to get rid of the infecting organism. First-line antibiotics include amoxicillin, ampicillin, and erythromycin. Second-line antibiotics include cephalosporins like cefuroxime, cefprozil, and amoxicillin. Newer and more expensive antibiotics like macrolides, azithromycin, and quinolones such as levofloxacin can be used if the patient has a certain allergy to penicillin. Careful consideration must be given to the potential pathogen before antimicrobial agents are prescribed because of the resistance that has occurred.

Decongestants are also prescribed to promote sinus drainage, reduce tissue swelling, and relieve edema. When mucous membranes are less swollen, breathing is much easier and the movement of mucus out of the nasal cavity is increased. An example of a decongestant is Pseudo-ephedrine Hydrochloride. It acts by reducing the swelling by causing the release of norepinephrine from sympathetic neurons supplying blood vessels. It will increase the vaso-contradiction of blood vessels in the mucus membranes. As a result, there would be reduction of blood flow as well as fluid movement from the blood into tissues. Nasal saline sprays are also available and these can improve the drainage of the sinuses. Topical decongestants should only be used in adults and should not be used for more than three to four days. Oral decongestants must be used cautiously in patients with hypertension. If an allergic component is suspected, antihistamines like diphenhydramine (Benadryl).

It is also advised to drink liquids like water and juice to maintain hydration. Steam inhalation is also considered in order to relieve the discomfort associated to the explosion and these may be effective for opening blocked passage. If the patient continues to have symptoms after seven to ten days, the sinuses may need to be irrigated and hospitalization may be necessary.

Loosing My Hair – Could it Be Alopecia?

There are a lot of factors that cause hair loss. In males, it may be associated with hereditary conditions and male pattern baldness. It may also be stress induced or it could be a side effect of medication. It could also be Alopecia. Alopecia is a medical condition that can affect anyone. It is not contagious. Symptoms usually start early and gradually progress and get worse as the patient gets older. However, there have been rare cases in which the symptom will eventually decrease and disappear.

Causes of Alopecia

At present, there is no known cause of Alopecia. It is speculated that the disease may be hereditary since most people who have it, have relatives who also suffer from the condition. It is also believed to be a form of autoimmune disease. How so? Well, that's because Alopecia occurs when the body's immune system rejects its own hair follicles – that, causing hair to fall out. It has also been observed that Alopecia affects patients with other autoimmune disorders such as SLE (Lupus), Thyroid problems, ulcerative colitis, rheumatoid arthritis and others.

Who is at Risk for Alopecia?

Both men and women suffer from Alopecia. It can affect people from every race and nationality. The disease can also strike at any age – but, most of the time symptoms present themselves in the teenage years. As mentioned, there is evidence that the disease is hereditary. That is why individuals who have relatives with Alopecia are at risk for developing the disease. People who previously suffer from autoimmune conditions also have a chance of developing Alopecia.

Signs / Symptoms and Patterns of Alopecia

Hair loss is the general symptom of Alopecia. The different patterns of hair loss determine what type of alopecia a person has. Alopecia Areata, is a form of Alopecia wherein the patient develops bald spots on the scalp. That is the reason why it is also referred to as Spot Baldness. Diffuse Alopecia on the other hand presents with an even degree of hair loss all over the scalp. Alopecia Barbe referers to spot baldness on beard region and Alopecia Universalis is when a person looses all bodily hair. Early symptoms of Alopecia often include tendness (pain to touch) on the bald spots.

How is Alopecia Diagnosed

Diagnosis of Alopecia often involves a biopsy of the affected scalp tissue. This will determine if the hair fall has been really caused by Alopecia and not by other causes. Another telltale sign of Alopecia is referred to as – Exclamation Point Hair. It means that the strands of the affected hair taper off toward the roots.

Treatment

Since there is no known cause for Alopecia, it has become very difficult to cure. To this day, there is no known cure for the condition. All a patient can do is alleviate the symptoms and help to reverse the hair loss. In this case, common hair loss treatments may be used to re-grow hair. But, a patient must remember that despite the fact that hair is growing back, the treatments can never stop new bald spots from developing. New 'experimental' treatments for alopecia include drugs that subdue the autoimmune system.

Treatment of Middle Ear Infections – Antibiotics

Antibiotics are frequently overused for the treatment of middle ear infections (otitis media). Somewhere between 30-50% of ear infections are bacterial. They are most commonly caused by bacteria like Streptococcus pneumonia and Haemophilus influenzae. Viruses can also trigger ear infections, and in these cases antibiotics are useless.

The diagnosis of otitis media, is based on ear pain associated with fever. The ear drum shows red and bulging and the patient feet irritable and restless. In younger children the pain can be so intense as to make them scream and cry.

For the treatment of middle ear infection, a responsible doctor should advise you to wait at least a couple of days, before prescribing antibiotics. Pain killers may be recommended if necessary to dull the pain. This "watch and wait" technique will determine if an antibiotic is really needed.

Studies show that about 90% of children get better just as fast, with no significant differences in speed of relief of pain, how quickly temperature returned to normal, how soon ear discharge stopped or other symptoms – whether they have antibiotics or not.

In one 2000 study, 240 children under age two who were diagnosed with acute otitis media were just watched carefully. After four days, only 3% of the children required treatment with antibiotics, while the infection cleared itself naturally in the other 97%.

When antibiotics are repeatedly used for the treatment of middle ear infection in children, it increases the chances of further infection by up to 600 percent. It also increases the chances that surgery will absolutely be needed. In the 1970s, out of 10,500 children who underwent treatment of middle ear infection without antibiotics, Danish researchers found that over the following 14 years, only 15 required ear operations. This was very low compared to children having surgery after repeated courses of antibiotics.

A 1983 study published in the British Medical Journal showed that in adults who develop active chronic otitis media, there is no benefit at all in using antibiotics.

If antibiotics are needed then make sure you support the immune system so that complications do not arise, and that repeat antibiotic scripts are not required. Be aware that studies have shown that short courses of antibiotics for the treatment of middle ear infection, from two to five days, are equally effective as a ten day course.

Ear Aches – Causes, Symptoms And Treatment

An Earache Can Be A Real Pain In The Ear!

But ear aches do not have to be.

Ear aches are a common problem for many children. Some children can go through childhood with very few ear aches or none at all. Other children may stay at the doctor's office with ear aches. In learning how to combat ear aches, it is important to learn what causes ear aches. This will help parents prevent earaches in their children.

What causes an ear ache?

The tube connecting the middle ear to the back of the nose is called the Eustachian. This tube allows fluid drain out of the middle ear. However, if that tube's lining is invaded by bacteria or viruses, the tube can become swollen and may fill up with a thick mucus. This leads to the inability of the fluid to drain normally. As bacteria grow in the fluid, pressure can build behind the ear drum and this causes pain.

Allergies, cold and other illnesses can cause the Eustachian tube to become blocked. When the adenoids become enlarged they can block the Eustachian tubes as well. These are all referred to as ear infections. They usually clear up within a week or two, but in the meanime they can be extremely painful and include fever and other symptoms. There are also times that an ear infection will last even longer than two weeks and may even become chronic. Additionally, even after the infection clears, the fluid can remain in the middle ear which can lead to even more infections and, in extreme cases, hearing loss.

What are symptoms of an ear ache?

Older children can tell you that their ear hurts. Their ear pain may also be accompanied with fever. Babies, however, and children who are too young to tell you where it hurts may cry or pull on their ear or ears. A child with an ear infection, regardless of age, may show signs of irritability, listlessness, have difficulty hearing and may not feel like eating or sleeping. This is particularly true with breastfed babies who have an ear ache. Because a breastfed baby suckles in a certain way that is different and more difficult than suckling from a bottle, this motion can irritate the baby's sore ears causing him or her to "go off his feed."

What is the treatment for ear aches?

There are several ways that a doctor may approach treating an ear ache. If the doctor suspects the infection to be bacterial, he or she may prescribe an antibiotic. Pain relievers, such as acetaminophen (Tylenol products) and ibuprofen (Advil and Motrin products) can offer some relief and reduce fever if it is present. Aspirin, however, is not recommended. Warm compresses or a heating pad applied over the ear may reduce the pain. There are also times when ear drops are prescribed.

When medications are prescribed, whether it is antibiotics or ear drops, it is imperative that they are administered as directed by the doctor. With antibiotics it is exceptionally crucial that they are given on time and that no doses are skipped.

What are some risk factors that may cause children to get ear aches?

Children who are around people who smoke are at a very high risk of getting ear infections. Additionally, if they have had previous ear infections or have a family history of ear infections can increase their risk. It is no big secret that children in day care are exposed to many more germs and viruses so this is a large risk. A child who was premature at birth or had a low birth weight may also be at a higher risk. If a child has frequent colds or other infections, takes a bottle to bed, uses a pacifier or has a nasal speech that is caused by large adenoids blocking the Eustachian tubes he or she may be more at risk of developing an ear ache. Interestingly, males tend to show a higher incidence of ear infections than females. However, knowing the risk factors and knowing if your child fits into any of these categories can be the best defense. Prevention can be the best medicine.