How to Get Rid of the Flu

Influenza viruses attack the respiratory system, from the nose and throat, down through the bronchial tubes, and into the lungs. In the 1918 flu pandemic, victims built up so much fluid in their lungs that they essentially died of drowning. Symptoms of flu are like those of a cold, except much worse, and they come on much faster. High fevers and chills are common, and there may be vomiting and diarrhea. It’s highly contagious.

Because most healthy adults may be able to infect others beginning one day before their own symptoms develop (and up to 5 days after becoming sick), you can be in danger of becoming infected from someone else before you or the other person knows they are sick.

The Flu: A Good Excuse to Stay Home and Sleep

Most people are not in deadly danger from a flu virus (though occasionally a particularly potent virus emerges that puts vast segments of the population in danger, as it did in 1918). The usual treatment is plenty of bed rest, lots of fluids, and aspirin or Tylenol to reduce fever.

There are many flu home remedies:

* Vitamin C, zinc, garlic capsules. These supplements may be of limited value once you’ve got the virus, but they probably can do no harm. Recent studies have said that Vitamin C and zinc supplements show no effect in reducing symptoms.

* Drink tea that’s a mixture of 1 tsp. bayberry bark, 1 tsp. grated ginger root, ½ tsp. cayenne powder, and 1 cup of boiling water. Allow to steep for 20 minutes.

* Catnip tea and 1/2 tsp. of lobelia tincture every four hours supposedly will lower a high fever. Pregnant women, breast-feeding mothers, and children under one year old should, however, avoid this stuff.

Wash your hands frequently. Doing so helps you to avoid spreading the disease or even getting it in the first place. Additional advice for avoiding the virus:

* Follow a well-balanced diet. A poor diet lowers your immunity and makes you more vulnerable to infections. A good balanced diet features fresh fruits and vegetables, whole grains, and small amounts of lean protein.

* Get enough sleep. The amount needed varies from person to person. If you feel tired during the day, you may be getting too little sleep, which leaves you open to opportunistic infections, such as the flu.

* Exercise. Improve your immune system through doing such regular cardiovascular exercise as walking, biking, or aerobics. People who exercise are less likely to get upper respiratory infections, have less-severe symptoms when they do, and recover more quickly.

* Avoid air travel. New flu strains tend to spread rapidly in November, during the height of the holiday travel season, and air circulation systems in airplanes are notorious for spreading colds, flu, and other infectious diseases.

* Stay away from crowds during flu season. The season is typically from November through March. Flu spreads quickly through any kind of crowd.

Who Should Get a Shot?

At particular risk are older folks, young children, and people with comprised immune systems such as diabetics. These people, from the age of six months to seniors of any age (as well as pregnant women in their second or third trimesters), are advised to get injections of flu vaccine before the beginning of the winter flu season. Older adults and those with chronic illnesses should also be inoculated for pneumococcal pneumonia, a potentially deadly complication of influenza.

But even if you have not gotten an inoculation, if you begin to show severe symptoms, there are anti-viral drugs that may be prescribed to shorten the length of time you are ill and might also prevent even more severe symptoms from developing. Should pneumonia develop, getting medical attention is imperative.

Other flu complications include ear infections, sinus infections, dehydration, and worsening of chronic medical conditions such as congestive heart failure, asthma, or diabetes.

Some people, however, should not be vaccinated without first consulting a physician:

* People who have a severe allergy to chicken eggs.

* People who have had a severe reaction to an influenza vaccination in the past.

* People who developed Guillain-Barré syndrome (GBS) within six weeks of getting an influenza vaccine previously.

* Children less than six months of age (influenza vaccine is not approved for use in this age group).

* People who have a moderate or severe illness with a fever should wait to get vaccinated until their symptoms ease off.

As a final thought, consider the similarities between influenza and living in earthquake zones. In California, you can expect a mild shake every now and then. Every decade or so, there is a large one that kills a number of people and levels some buildings. But then, there is the “Big One,” like the one that leveled San Francisco in 1906. These generally come about once every 70 years, and California is overdue for the monster quake that will undoubtedly kill scores of people.

A pandemic like the one in 1918 also hits at least once every century. Public health officials await the next one with some trepidation. There may be no inoculation for the next “Big Flu Attack.”

Does My Dog Have Glaucoma?

While Glaucoma is an extremely serious illness, it does not usually happen in dogs too much. Most of the time blindness in dogs happens from an accident, although there are those moments when Glaucoma happens due to genetic issues. When genetics are the cause, this is called primary Glaucoma. There are some breeds that are more genetically inclinated to catch Glaucoma, but a dog can get it because of eye disease, cataracts, cancer, or even eye infection. When it is caused by any of these issues it will be considered secondary Glaucoma. If dogs get Glaucoma, they can go blind quite quicklyly. Care should be given if you notice any of these issues.

Most of the time a dog will get Glaucoma in just one eye. The pressure comes from the aqueous humor fluid that is being built up constantly in the front part of the eye. When this happens the dog will eventually lose sight in that eye, but will adjust to seeing with the good eye. Because of this, it is difficult for the owner to realize the dog is having sight issues as they are still getting around quite well. This will also cause the dog pain, which they have no way of telling you about.

When a dog has been diagnosed with Glaucoma it becomes much harder to treat than if contracted by a human. Humans will take eye drops to help relieve the pressure whereas dogs have a hard time squeezing the bottle, so you have to do it for them. If you have never tried to give a dog eye drops before, it can be quite a difficult feat. Because of this, surgery will more than likely be required to release the pressure. Unfortunately, up to one third of dogs will have to have more than one surgery for their Glaucoma issues.

While Glaucoma in dogs is rarely detected before it's too late, there are ways of catching it before it's too serious. If you notice your dog favoring one eye, or see it constantly watering, you should check with your vet. If your vet catches the Glaucoma before it gets too serious, there is a good chance that your dog will only require one surgery. While your dog has no way of telling you that their eyes are bothering them, you have to be on your toes and check from time to time on your own.

Alopecia Areata Treatment – Part 3

Saw Palmetto for Baldness

This herb has the ability to inhibit 5-a-reductase, the same enzyme that Proscar and Propecia affect. In several double blind studies, saw palmetto has been shown to improve symptoms of benign prostate enlargement. One 3 year trail comparing saw palmetto with Proscar showed significantly greater improvement with the herb than with the prescription drug.

If saw palmetto can prevent the conversion of testosterone to DHT by blocking enzymatic activity, then there is a reason to believe, that this herb could be at least as good as Propecia in growing hair.

Aromatherapy

Some people think that aromatherapy is sniffing aromatic herbs. The Scottish dermatologist who did the research with this treatment says that aromatherapy "involves the use of essential oils and essences derived from plants, flowers, and wood resins, which are generally massaged into the skin."

They point out that "Cedarwood, lavendarm thyme, and rosemary oils have hair growth-promoting properlytied These oils have been anecdotally used to treat alopecia [baldness] for more than 100 years.

People in the study had been diagnosed with alopecia areata, an autoimmune condition in which hair loss occurs in patches. It may affect as many as 1% of people in Western countries and is not limited to male or female, old or young. In many instances, hair growth recurs at any time, but treatment is difficult and the condition can be psychologically damaging.

For this study, 84 people were randomly assigned to either of 2 groups. One group of people received a placebo mixture of 3 ml of jojoba oil and 20 ml of grapeseed oil and were told to massage it into the scalp each night for 2 minutes. The head was then wrapped in a warm towel to enhance absorption of the oils, with the addition of essential oils of thyme, lavender, rosemary, and cedarwood. The study lasted for 7 months.

Follow-up was done with photographs and computer analysis of tracings of bald patches at 3 months and again at 7 months. Of those using the essential oil mixture, 44% had measurable improvement, while only 15% of those using the placebo oil improved. This difference was statistically significant. They even provided before-and-after photos that were nothing short of amazing .

None of the people in this study experienced negative effects from the oils. This gives the aromatherapy treatment a better safety record than the pharmaceuticals often used to treat this condition. That does not mean such a concoction is safe for everyone. Some people may be sensitive to one or another of these essential oils and experience a rash or dermatitis.

Although this study focused primarily on alopecia areata, one of the individuals in the study also had male pattern baldness, known medically as androgenic alopecia. This is the most common form of hair loss. The researchers noted "some moderate regrowth of hair loss." Whether other men with this problem would benefit remains to be determined.

Your C-Section Incision – Look Out For These 4 Warning Signs of Potential Problems Ahead

Your C-section incision needs to be monitored regularly for the first few weeks, watching for any changes in its appearance.

There are some changes and conditions that are normal to see with your C-section incision, but other differences that could be signs of potential problems ahead. It is common to feel a large ridge or lump under the scar which is scar tissue forming underneath, this should reduce over time.

Another common concern many moms notice is the area often feels slightly numb and tight. These are all normal responses to the effects of the operation and should all gradually become less noticeable over the following weeks.

It is important to be very vigilant over your C-section incision scar because if it becomes infected, the healing process can take many weeks longer.

You should always call your doctor or midwife immediately if you notice any of the following: –

#1 Redness – the edges of a healing incision will normally appear slightly red, this is a natural reaction to the healing process. If the redness increases or starts to spread more than half an inch from around the wound then this could be a sign of something a little more sinister and you should contact your doctor or health advisor.

#2 Heat or excessive warmth on or around the wound. If your wound feels particularly hot compared to previous sensations and if this is accompanied by new pain or discomfort, then it be worth having it looked at.

#3 Any change or unusual appearance of the incision. Your C-section incision should gradually become less inflamed, smoother in appearance, less painful and more comfortable over the following weeks. In you notice any changes other than improvements, monitor them closely and if they continue or deteriorate any further then speak to your doctor.

#4 Any puss in the incision. If you suddenly notice a pussy discharge from your C-section incision after having a clean wound previously, or if the area starts to get mildly tender or painful, this could be a sign that it isn’t knitting together very well and again you need to monitor the area closely and speak to your doctor if it continues for more than 24 – 48 hours.

If your C-section incision pulls apart and starts bleeding, apply an antibiotic cream, to keep any bacteria away from the wound. Do not apply any creams other than an antibiotic cream until your incision has completely healed. If you notice any bleeding, applying slight pressure to the wound may help to stop this. If the wound keeps bleeding after you apply pressure, call your doctor.

It important to stay vigilant and not obsessive over your C-section incision because any problems spotted early can reduce their severity over the long term. Don’t panic over the slightest change, just monitor it and if you see further deterioration then contact your doctor or health care advisor.

What is a Puncture Wound and How to Heal it Fast

First, let's look at what is a puncture wound. A puncture wound is any wound that breaks your skin by something that is sharp, thin and pointed. Examples of instruments that are the cause of puncture wounds include:

  • pins, needles, including vaccinations
  • teeth, so bites especially of insects
  • thorns
  • slivers of broken glass

This morning, I was weaving the garden and I suddenly felt a sharp pain in the heel of my hand. I saw a tiny sliver of what looked like the hair of a plant. But the pain was sharp and quite intense. Not enough to make me take any immediate action, but enough to wonder what it was. It certainly was not the hair from a plant.

About an hour later, the pain was getting worse, but now the area was red and looked as if it was spreading up my arm.

Time for action!

I took a dose of the homeopathic medicine Ledum. Nothing really happened for about 15 minutes. Then I forgot about it. It was only when a patient was regaling her successes from using her homeopathic first aid kit, that I suddenly remembered.

There was no sign that it had ever happened. No pain, no redness.

Had I left it longer, more doses than just one, would have been needed. Nipping things in the bud is always a good way to go. This is possible if you keep a homeopathic first aid kit handy at all times. You never know when you'll need it.

When using homeopathic medicines successfully, it is very helpful, although not essential, to know what the cause of the problem was. By knowing what a puncture wound is, you can then select the best medicine for it. Ledum is the number one homeopathic medicine for dealing effectively with recent puncture wounds.

How to Treat a Yeast Infection – 5 Tips For Fast Relief

Most women have had to deal with a yeast infection at least once in their lives. Yeast infections are caused by a bacterium in the vagina called Candida, which can cause the yeast in the vagina to overgrow. When this happens it causes the affected area to itch, release heavy discharge and a foul odor. Unfortunately, there are women and even children who deal with chronic yeast infects quite often and it can be difficult having to go back and forth to the doctors all the time. Here are five tips to help cure a yeast infection from home.

Tip Number One: Eat lots of yogurt. Yogurt is known to have many things in it to help with all kinds of ailments. You can also use yogurt as a cream and apply it directly to the infected area. Yogurt has an ingredient known as Lactobacillus Acidophilus, which is naturally found in a vagina that is healthy. There are two ways you can apply the yogurt. You can apply the yogurt frozen and inserted like a tampon or you can use a syringe and apply the yogurt directly into the vagina.

Tip Number Two: You can get an over the counter cream that works well. Although prescriptions tend to work better, there are a few different yeast infection medication kits that you can buy over the counter that actually do work. Some of them come with creams and others come with a capsule that is inserted into the vagina with a syringe.

Tip Number Three: Garlic has anti-body properties that can help cure an infection. A clove of garlic opened and rubbed onto the infected area, do this a few times a day until the infection is gone. If the infection is inside the vagina, garlic cloves can be inserted into the vagina and left for a couple of hours. Be sure to tie a string securely to the cloves or have some other method of removing them safely.

Tip Number Four: Tea Tree oil is an essential oil that has been known to have extremely good anti-bacterial and anti-fungal properties. Tea Tree oil is very strong and needs to be diluted with another carrier oil such as sweet almond oil before applying it to an area like the vagina. You only need a couple drops of the tea tree oil per treatment.

Tip Number Five: Boric acid is another great way to cure a yeast infection. You can get boric acid at your local pharmacy. You will also need some empty gel capsules. Fill the capsules with the boric acid and insert the capsule into the vagina. Do not remove the capsule for a couple of days, then then it should have dissolved letting the boric acid soak into the infection.

These are just five of the great ways of getting rid of yeast infection without having to spend hundreds of dollars at the doctors and on prescriptions. When you do get rid of your infection you should take time and research how to prevent them from occurring in the first place. Make sure you wear loose clothing, this will help the airflow nicely. Also you will want to hold off on eating too much junk food and drinking too many caffeine loaded and carbonated drinks. Buttermilk can help get rid of yeast infections, but it can also help prevent them as well.

The good news is that the causes and prevention candidia is now well understood. With a few lifestyle changes you can ensure that yeast infections are never a problem again.

Treatment for Nearsightedness – Simple Fix for Myopia

Nearsightedness or myopia occurs when a person can not see clearly at an object from a long distance. This condition appears if the eyeball is slightly longer than normal, causing the light focus in the front of the retina instead directly on its surface.

Instead of seeking natural treatment for nearsightedness, people usually are given eye glasses or contact lenses to correct their vision. That's because not all people are aware that nearsightedness is in fact can be improved with natural treatment.

You might ask how this method can help you to see clearly without glasses. You will find the answer soon, but first you must learn what causes nearsightedness.

In normal condition, the form of the lens fit in the shape of the eyeball. If eye muscles are too rigid they can flatten the eyeball causing the shape of the lens steeper than it has to be. To overcome this problem one should train the eye muscles by changing focus from looking on close distant objects to long distant objects. So you can now understand that best treatment for nearsightedness must include exercises that can relax and reducing the tension of the eye muscles.

There are many conventional methods to help myopic persons. All of them obviously can help to correct the vision, but let us see one by one so that you can choose the right treatment for nearsightedness.

Eye glasses and contact lenses

Eye glasses can correct your vision so that you can see distant object clearly. But they can not overcome the eye problem. Wearing them constantly will make your eye muscles in a stressful situation and make the vision in worse condition.

Eye Surgery

Eye surgery will no doubt require a lot of money and has it own risks. It does not always guarantee you perfect result.

Using Natural Methods

Usually myopia occurs at early age or in other words when young people start to face strenuous condition in their life. Mental stress can result tense eye muscles. And since nearsightedness is basically caused by tense muscles, it is easily understood that the best myopia treatment is to restore the mind and body in holistic ways. Every person can fix myopia with eye yoga exercises, healthy diet and healthy habits. Choose the right treatment for nearsightedness and incorporate it daily in your life; better eyesight will be yours for the rest of your life.

Glaucoma Treatment – How to Manage Glaucoma

High intraocular pressure not only increases the risk of developing glaucoma, but also makes the progress of glaucoma and visual field defects. The cornerstone of the glaucoma treatment is to reduce intraocular pressure, or with drops or surgery. The progress of visual field defects may be suspended if near the eye pressure is reduced below 12 mm Hg, even patients with a type of glaucoma which are visual field defects and progress, despite pressure from the eye to the normal range (normal voltage glaucoma) , IOP declined by 30% is associated with a lower loss of vision.

Other strategies for independent eye pressure in glaucoma treatment are under study. These include increased blood flow to the optic nerve and offers a number of forms of neuroprotection. Maybe in the future are also other ways of intraocular pressure in glaucoma management to reduce. Until then, the reduction of intraocular pressure is the only way to reduce the risk of glaucoma visual field loss and remains the primary goal of treatment.

There are two important mechanisms for intra-ocular pressure: a) Reduce the amount of aqueous in the eye of reducing the production of aqueous, and 2) Increase the amount of the aqueous humor of eye, rarely the omission of the largest Part of the aqueous humor. Some drugs reduce the production of aqueous humor, while others raise the outflow. The aqueous humor leaves the eye by two routes: one that is sensitive to the pressure of the eye (trabecular way) and that operates independently of the pressure in the eye (the way uveoscleral).

Of all the options available, a reasonable first approximation would have been a drop in the eye causing intraocular pressure as low as possible to secure every patient to choose. The choice of the first agent is guided by patient characteristics and medical conditions. The driver is to avoid known problems with side effects while maintaining the convenience of a once-daily reducing to maximize compliance. The first drop in the eye may be Timoptic, Xalatan or Alphagan. Each patient must be checked regularly to ensure that the IOP was maintained at a level low enough to prevent the progress of glaucoma. If the intraocular pressure, a further reduction is needed, it is better to add a drop in the eye with a different mechanism of action as the original drug. For example, if the original eye drop Xalatan is used for work by increasing uveoscloral production, then the second bottle of Trusopt Timoptic drops at work by reducing production of aqueous humor. We discuss the key points to consider medication. We have used, because the brand is well known by names, but several drugs are available at the same efficiency and cost-effective generic form.

Who Has Epilepsy?

Although epilepsy can start at any point during a person's life, most epilepsy is diagnosed in childhood, and most of all in the first year of life – around 140 out of every 100,000 babies under the age of one are diagnosed with epilepsy per year. This drops to 40 adults per 100,000. However, recent reports have shown that epilepsy is increasing in older people, who account for a quarter of all new diagnoses, according to a survey by the National Society for Epilepsy. The condition is twice as common in older people as it is in the population as a whole.

It may be even more common than is documented, because some of it probably goes unrecognized. Diagnosing epilepsy in the elderly can be difficult. In many cases the seizures are mild, and, while this is excellent news in terms of control, it may also mean that it's not so easy to spot them for what they are. Aunt Alice's daydreaming, Gran's 'funny turns', may form part of family folklore and certainly not be seen to warrant medical investigation. We tend to expect illness and absent-mindedness in older people as a matter of course. However, epilepsy in later life may well be among the more preventable cases of the condition. The older we get, the moreiable we become to reduced fitness and health, but, in particular, epilepsy in the older person is often due to cerebrovascular disease which leads to small scars in the brain. In general, the risk of epilepsy in older people may be reduced with proper attention to lifestyle, including healthy eating, enough exercise, not smoking, and drinking alcohol moderately. Paying attention to lifestyle issues may help people of any age gain better seizure control and improve general health, and may also prevent your epilepsy getting worse in older age.

Epilepsy is divided almost evenly between the sexes, though a few epilepsy syndromes occurs exclusively in girls. Epilepsy is slightly more common in men, and there are various reasons why this may be so. One reason is that men are more likely to suffer head injury and brain infection. Another theory is that the brains of boy and girl babies develop differently in the womb due to differences in male and female sex hormones. The brain matures more quickly in girl babies than boy ones, so that girls are less vulnerable to perinatal anoxia (lack of oxygen around birth) which can damage developing areas of the brain. The Y chromosome which produces maleness in unborn infants also slows development down, so that boys are born around two to three weeks behind in marriage than girls, so making them more vulnerable to injury. This vulnerability persists into adulthood – one study showed that, in women, 50 per cent of the risk of developing epilepsy was past by the time they were 19, but in men, this did not happen until they were 24. This risk is thought to outweigh men's larger brain size. Another study showed that the brains of men and women only became the same size when they are 100, when they have both shrunk enough to be similar! There is some evidence that the prognosis or outlook is slightly worse in women, and it has been suggested that this is because women's brains are tougher, a more severe event is needed to precipitate the epilepsy. But, in practice, most of these differences are slight – again, each person with epilepsy representations an individual case, and should be treated as such.

Despite its high prevalence, epilepsy, traditionally the 'Cinderella' of the health service, contributions little by way of research money – out of the UK's annual £ 2 billion medical research budget only £ 336,000 is spent on epilepsy, less than £ 1 per person with epilepsy, and comparing unfavorably with say the £ 250 per person with muscular dystrophy and £ 140 per person with multiple sclerosis.

A recent survey of health managers in the UK revealed that only 5 per cent had set service standards for epilepsy. However, this may change as epilepsy achieves greater media coverage and public interest, something which is taking place – over the past few years, according to the National Society for Epilepsy, epilepsy has become an 'interesting' subject as genetic research and modem brain- scanning methods reveal more about the condition.

Display Lighting Tips To Show Your Pictures In The Best Light

Display lighting requires more than just pointing a beam of light at an object or wall that you want to highlight. In fact, if done correctly, it is quite an art and can be used to balance the light from other fixtures and thereby decrease the amount of contrast present in the surroundings.

Display lighting can be used to highlight pictures, collectibles and also for displaying plants and flowers. It can also be cleverly applied to dark corners or hallways to dispel the gloom and doom present in these areas.

When it comes to highlighting pictures on the wall – this might seem like a simple task of just attaching a picture light, but often getting the display lighting just right for a picture can prove to be a very difficult task.

The fundamental thing to consider is not just the picture and beam of the picture light but the actual wall you are going to mount your pictures on. Preferably, the wall you are going to display pictures on should not have windows (nor should there be any windows on the wall adjacent) because the glare from the natural light outside is going to distort your appreciation of the portrait.

The major problem with displaying portraits and pictures is that the glass covering (which some have) can reflect light and interfere with your viewing of the picture. This is also true of paintings created using glossy oil paint. The best way to overcome this is to position your light source in such a way as will reduce reflective glare. If you still get reflection from the glass, an alternative is to tilt the picture very slightly towards the floor.

Display lighting, if selected and mounted correctly can do wonders to show your pictures at their best. The most common lighting to use here is low voltage spotlights, fluorescent tubing or tungsten-filament strip lighting. But again, remember that having the strip lighting too close to a watercolor painting may cause heat damage.

The other problem to be wary of when using display lighting for pictures is to avoid excess lighting as this can cause fading. Whilst dark paintings will require more light than lighter colored paintings, watercolors are quite sensitive and need careful monitoring when display lighting is used. The same goes for oil paintings, although they are sturdier than watercolors.

The best way to illuminate a picture is to use a special fitting that has tungsten strip lighting and that mounts onto the wall just above the picture or actually onto the frame itself. This is an effective way of angling the tungsten strip light to a position in which you get minimal glare.
If you want to display the whole portrait and not just the top or bottom part of it, you will need a light that is 2/3 (or greater) than the width of the picture. And of course, the further away the light source is from the picture the larger the width of the light beam.

Where you have a large group of pictures on one wall, wall-washing may be a better way of highlighting them all.
This is best achieved by using small uplighters, or a row of recessed downlights or using a hidden fluorescent strip (hidden inside a coving unit or something similar).

Spotlights are another popular alternative and their advantage is that they can be used much further away from the picture (so the risk of heat damage is minimized). Ceiling-mounted spotlights or track mounted are both effective, although the latter is more flexible.
Although spotlights are popular to illuminate pictures with, they do not show off the picture to its best angle artistically.

Top Tips To Treat And Prevent Glaucoma

Your eyeball is filled with fluid (aqueous humor) under a certain amount of pressure, which helps the eye maintain its shape. The pressure can get too high if the fluid builds up and can not flow out of the eye. This condition is called glaucoma. If not corrected, glaucoma can lead to pain, loss of vision, and blindness. Glaucoma affects about two million people in the United States, and another twenty-five million have it but do not know it yet. Plan on seeing your ophthalmologist for an annual eye exam that can detect glaucoma in its earliest stage.

There are two kinds glaucoma. Acute glaucoma involves sudden increases in pressure, usually on one side only, causing severe throbbing pain and blurred vision. Often the condition causes nausea and vomiting. Acute glaucoma is an emergency requiring immediate medical treatment. Chronic (or open-angle) glaucoma is more gradual; the pressure builds up over the years. No symptoms may be apparent in the early stages, but there is a gradual loss of peripheral vision. If it goes untreated, blindness may result. This type of glaucoma usually results from abnormalities in the supporting tissues of the eye. These tissues are made from a protein called collagen.

By tuning up, you can help regulate the pressure in your eye. You can also provide your body the materials it needs to build sturdy collagen. One substance essential for collagen is vitamin C. The vitamin C also appears to play a role in lower fluid pressure in patients with glaucoma. A daily dose as low as 2,000 mg may provide benefits, but some studies report results only with extremely high doses.

Taking supplements of bioflavonoids support normal collagen metabolism. The compounds of special interest in this regard are the anthocyanidins, the blue-red pigments found in berries. These substances enhance the effects of vitamin C and improve the integrity of blood vessels. What's more, they improve collagen by preventing free-radical damage, by preventing enzymes from breaking it down, and by linking with collagen fibers to make a sturdier structure. My choice for this purpose is bilberry extract, although Ginkgo biloba extract also shows promise in relieving glaucoma.

Other nutrients may be valuable in support of eye health. Magnesium supplementation (600 to 900 mg daily) lowers pressure by blocking calcium, which in turn causes arms to relax. When the blood vessels relax, fluids flow more normally in and out of the eye. Too, there appears to be a strong association between glaucoma and deficiency of chromium. Maintain adequate levels of chromium appears to help reduce pressure and improve focusing power. The recommended daily dosage is 200 mcg.) Animal studies also suggest that omega-3 oils may be important for keeping pressure in the eye at appropriate levels.

High Myopia – What Causes Myopia?

Before we get into it, I’d like to clarify something right off the bat… if you have difficulties in dealing with the truth if it’s uncomfortable, you might as well stop reading now. If you, on the other hand, are dying to find out where high myopia comes from, and especially what you can do about it, so that it stops getting worse and worse every eye exam, you are in the right place.

Still with me? Great, I promise I won’t let you down!

The truth can be confronting at times and even more so when the “authorities” in the field hiding it from us, either out of ignorance, or out of profit thinking.

High Myopia & The Ophthalmic Industry

You see, when you go to an optometrist or eye surgeon and ask for the reason of your high myopia, they usually tell you that your lens is shaped too steeply, so you need to wear glasses or undertake surgery. So, I’m asking, should we trust them blindly, just because they studied for many years, or should we maybe get a second opinion?

The scholars of this world have believed for centuries what the catholic church wanted us to believe is true, so they were wrong, even though they were the most educated. Not because they were bad people, but because it didn’t suit the catholic church and it’s interests to listen to science.

Theories About The Causes Of Myopia

Unfortunately the ophthalmic industry, just like the catholic church a couple of centuries back, has interests that don’t encourage them to teach students the truth. At universities they still teach a theory about eye problems that was established by German physicist Hermann Helmholtz, rather than the much more accurate and modern theory of one of their own, ophthalmologist Dr William Bates.

So the reason why your eyes get worse and worse with glasses over the years has to do with the whole industry subscribing to the wrong theory. If they were right and glasses, contacts, or eye surgery would truly improve your vision and not just function as a crutch, wouldn’t you get weaker and weaker glasses prescribed, until they are gone?

Well, I haven’t heard that in a while…

True Causes For High Myopia

You have to understand that there are multiple reasons for high myopia. Some are physiological, and many are psychological. The physiological reasons are not the shape of the lens. That’s just the symptom of all the underlying reasons.

High myopia is often a result of bad posture, which restricts proper blood circulation throughout the body, and therefore doesn’t deliver appropriate amounts of oxygen and nutrients to the eye muscles. Together with already existing strain on the eye muscles that determine the shape of the eyeball, the lack of oxygen increases the tightness and strains the muscles even more.

The strain on these eye muscles flattens out eyeball, extending it like a zoom on a photo camera, and because the eyeball is full of liquid, it changes the shape of the lens. In other words, the lens gets pushed out, bends more than it should, and therefore is shaped more steeply. The more tension on the eye muscles, the more the eyeball is extended, and in turn the more myopia you get.

Treatments For High Myopia

High myopia can only be treated by getting rid of the tension in the eye muscles. To do so successfully and long-term you have to find out where the tension comes from, ie you have to determine the underlying causes for myopia. You can do that by yourself, totally naturally, you just need to become aware of how to do it.

Glasses, on the other hand, will never release the tension of the eye muscles, on the contrary, over time they will increase it, and that’s why you need stronger glasses.

Sadly, if you ask your optometrist or eye surgeon about the eye muscles and the influence on the shape of the lens they will tell you that it’s not true. They think that only one muscle around the lens is responsible for its shape. So if you ask, and you get that answer, ask them why others improve their vision naturally with natural vision correction methods (which are supposedly shenanigans and cost only a hundred bucks one time) and need weaker and weaker glasses until they are gone, but you, using the “correct” approach, get more high myopia and need stronger and stronger glasses (and spend a hundred dollars or more a year!).

You’ll be surprise how much they’ll stutter on mumble something that doesn’t make sense…

Next time we’ll have a look into some of the psychological factors that cause high myopia, and are the underlying reason for the eye muscles to tighten up in the first place.

Joint Pain Symptoms Causes, Remedies and Treatments That Work

Joint pain is a common disorder experienced by millions in varying degrees and due to various causes. Both children and adults suffer from this problem either from any physical injury, some internal disorder or due to aging. Age related joint pains or Arthritis comes in various forms and features that start showing its symptoms from the age of 50 reaching the peak at 75. Such pains can pose great problems leading to general debility. People suffering from osteoarthritis type joint pains go through agonizing moments due to sever attacks of pains that last for hours.

Main joints like shoulders, knees, hands, back and hips are mostly affected by this condition arising from Arthritis reducing the free movement to a great extent. Painful elbows, fingers, ankles and heels are also experienced by some due to this.

Causes

Many factors are responsible for this condition like –

1. The reduction of the synovial fluids due to aging that reduces the lubrication of the joints preventing more friction between the joints and thus results in the pain.
2. Natural wear and tear of the joints and weakening of the cartilage due to aging leading to osteoarthritis.
3. Autoimmune disease like Rheumatoid Arthritis.
4. Drop in the estrogen levels in women after menopause.
5. Unhealthy food habits and life style that leads to gout.
6. Sprain and dislocation due to physical injury
7. Bursitis
8. Leukemia and bone cancer.

Symptoms

The symptoms of the joint pains vary a lot depending upon the locations and the causes behind them. General symptoms observed are as follows –

1. Swelling and inflammation of the joints that can cause due to arthritis or any physical injury.
2. Stiffness and tenderness in the joints.
3. Experiencing moderate or acute pain due to dislocation, fracture or arthritis.
4. Extreme difficulty in moving the joints.
5. Free movement gets impaired due to age related arthritis.
6. Experiencing difficulty in turning over in bed due to arthritis or spondylitis.
7. Patients suffering from osteoarthritis may experience creating noise in the joints.
8. Fever, weight loss, fatigue, muscle aches along with the pain and inflammation of the joints is observed in case of Rheumatoid arthritis.
9. Joint pains in youngger age may also result from bone tuberculosis, sickle cell anemia etc.
10. Localized severe joint pain and inflammation may be caused due to dislocation or sprain in the joints.

Remedies and Treatment

This involves –

1. Dietary and life style changes.
2. Taking anti-inflammatory drugs.
3. Massaging the affected areas with eucalyptus oil, menthol and camphor.
4. Supplements of herb Devil's Claw is highly effective in achieving this condition.
5. Hot and cold compress.
6. Physical workouts
7. Surgical procedures in some cases.

How to Prepare for UPSC/IAS Exams

Civil Services Aptitude Test

New Recruitment Process of Civil Services Exam conducted by the UPSC (Union Public Service Commission) is called the CSAT or the Civil Services Aptitude Test with effect from 2011. No changes are being introduced at this stage in the Civil Services (Main) Examination and Personality Test in the scheme of Civil Services Examination (CSE).

Scheme of Civil Services Examination

The Civil Services Examination consists of two stages –

(i) Civil Services Preliminary Examination (Objective type) for the selection of candidates for the Main Examination; and

(ii) Civil Services Main Examination (Written and Interview) for the selection of candidates for the various Services and posts noted above.

The Preliminary Examination consists of two papers of Objective type (multiple choice questions) and carry a maximum of 400 marks. There are two compulsory papers of 200 marks each. The question papers are set both in Hindi and English. However, questions relating to English Language Comprehension skills are tested through passages from English Language only without providing Hindi translation. Each paper is of two hours duration. Blind candidates are allowed extra time of twenty minutes for each paper.

Scheme of CS (Preliminary) Examination

This examination is meant to serve as a screening test only; the marks obtained in the Preliminary Examination by the candidates who are declared qualified for admission to the Main Examination will not be counted for determining their final order of merit. Only those candidates who are declared by the Commission to have qualified in the Preliminary Examination in the year will be eligible for admission to the Main Examination of that year provided they are otherwise eligible for admission to the Main Examination. Thus in short –

The successive stages of examination are:

(1) Preliminary Examination for the selection of candidates for the Main Examination

(2) Main Examination (Written) for the selection of candidates for interview for a Personality Test.

(3) Interview (Personality Test)

How to apply?

Candidates are required to apply only through online mode no other mode for submission of applications is allowed. Detailed instructions for filling up online applications are available on the UPSC official website.

The e-Admission Certificate will be made available in the UPSC website for downloading by candidates. No Admission Certificate will be sent by post.

Academic Eligibility for IAS Exams

(1) A degree of any of recognized University or possess an equivalent qualification

(2) Candidates who are awaiting results of qualifying exams are also eligible to appear for the Preliminary Examination. All such candidates who qualify to appear for the Civil Services Main Examination must produce proof of having passed the said examination along with their application for the Main Examination.

(3) Candidates with professional and technical qualifications recognized by the Government as equivalent to professional and technical degrees.

(4) Candidates who have passed the final year of MBBS or any Medical Examination but are yet to complete the internship can also appear for the Main Examination. However they must submit along with their Main Examination application, a certificate from the concerned authority of the University / Institution that they have passed the final professional medical examination. At the Interview stage they must then produce a certificate from a competent authority that they have completed (including internship) all the requirements for the award of the Medical Degree.

Other Eligibility Conditions for IAS Exams:

(i) Nationality – For the Indian Administrative Service and the Indian Police Service, a candidate must be a citizen of India.

For other services, a candidate must be either –

a citizen of India or

b. subject of Nepal or

c. subject of Bhutan or

d. Tibetan refugee who came over to India before 1st January, 1962 with the intention of permanently settling in India, or a person of Indian origin who has migrated from Pakistan, Burma, Sri Lanka, East African countries of Kenya, Uganda, the United Republic of Tanzania, Zambia, Malawi, Zaire, Ethiopia and Vietnam with the intention of permanently settling in India.

Provided that a candidate belonging to categories (b), (c), (d) and (e) shall be a person in whose favor a certificate of eligibility has been issued by the Government of India.

Provided further that candidates belonging to categories (b), (c) and (d) above will not be eligible for appointment to the Indian Foreign Service.

A candidate in whose case a certificate of eligibility is necessary, may be admitted to the examination but the offer of appointment may be given only after the necessary eligibility certificate has been issued to him/her by the Government of India.

(ii) Age Limits:

(a) Minimum 21 years and maximum 30 years.

(b) The upper age limit prescribed above will be relaxable.

(i) up to a maximum of five years for SC/ST

(ii) up to a maximum of three years for OBC.

(iii) up to a maximum of five years if a candidate had ordinarily been domiciled in the State of Jammu & Kashmir during the period from the 1st January, 1980 to the 31st day of December, 1989.

(iv) up to a maximum of three years in the case of Defense Services personnel disabled in operations during hostilities with any foreign country or in a disturbed area and released as a consequence thereof.

(v) up to a maximum of 10 years in the case of blind, deaf – mute and orthopaedically handicapped persons.

No. of Attempts for IAS

A maximum of 4 attempts is permitted to every candidate and 7 to those belonging to Other Backward Classes. There is no restriction on the number of attempts in the case of SC/ST candidates. All this, provided you are still under the age limit. A physically handicapped person will get as many attempts as any other non-handicapped candidate of his/her community, but if they are from the general category they will get 7 attempts.

NOTE

(i) An attempt at a Preliminary Examination shall be deemed to be an attempt at the Examination.

(ii) If a candidate actually appears in any one paper in the Preliminary Examination, he/she shall be deemed to have made an attempt at the Examination.

(iii) Notwithstanding the disqualification/ cancellation of candidature, the fact of appearance of the candidate at the examination will count as an attempt.

Below is the list and descriptions of the list of services available through the civil service exams.

All India Services are as under –

Indian Administrative Service

India Foreign Service

Indian Police Service

Group A Services are as under –

Indian P & T Accounts & Finance Service

Indian Audit and Accounts Service

Indian Revenue Service (Customs and Central Excise)

Indian Defense Accounts Service

Indian Revenue Service (I.T.)

Indian Ordnance Factories Service (Assistant Works Manager, Administration)

Indian Postal Service

Indian Civil Accounts Service

Indian Railway Traffic Service

Indian Railway Accounts Service

Indian Railway Personnel Service

Post of Assistant Security Commissioner in Railway Protection Force

Indian Defense Estates Service

Indian Information Service (Junior Grade)

Indian Trade Service, Group ‘A’ (Gr. III)

Indian Corporate Law Service

Group – B Services

Armed Forces Headquarters Civil Service (Section Officer’s Grade)

Delhi, Andaman & Nicobar Islands, Lakshadweep, Daman & Diu and Dadra & Nagar Haveli Civil Service

Delhi, Andaman & Nicobar Islands, Lakshadweep, Daman & Diu and Dadra & Nagar Haveli Police Service

Pondicherry Civil Service

Pondicherry Police Service

It is wiser to be mentally ready for several attempts as cracking the Civil Services Exams is a tough nut to crack the first time around; and if you do qualify you may want to attempt again to improve your ranking and therefore your service allotment.

The Importance of Immunization

In the time past, parents reported so many cases of children that died in their prime. Many of these parents did not enjoy child bearing and rearing because of this early death. Many did not know why these children died. However, recent survey conducted in my locality, oko agbado showed that many children survive nowdays compared to children two decades ago. Why? The reason is not far fetched. It is due to the immunization program going on across the length and breadth of this nation including my community.

What is immunization? Immunization is an act of preventing childhood diseases such as whooping cough, measles, diphtheria, chicken pox, small pox, poliomyelitis and yellow fever by giving chemical substance which has the causative organization of the infection to reduce virulent state. It can either be given by injection or through mouth. The importance of this immunization are numerous.

Firstly, it has lowered mortality rate among children. As earlier said, about two decades ago many children died because they were not immunized from these deadly childhood diseases. Parents then attributed the death of these children to supernatural phenomenon such as the attack by witches and wizards on their wards, next door neighbor's attack and so many superstitious beliefs. Now, due to this program and public enlightenment given to it, many parents heeded-the call and immunized their children against these childhood diseases and the result is what we have now, that is, the children are alive.

Secondly, children are now looking healthy, not only are the children having long life span but also they are looking hale and hearty. They do not have disturbed growth. Gone are the days when you find some children` using crutches to walk because of not being immunized against poliomyelitis. Like-wise the days are gone when you find some children who survived measles infection but have spotted faces because of not being immunized against these diseases.

Thirdly, on the part of parents especially mothers, they now have the sign of relief due to surviving rate of their children. They do not pass through agonizing experiences of taking their wards to herbalists and spiritualists who will ask them to pay huge sums of money before treating the child. Even most of the time they prescribe unrelated and untested medicines for them to use for the hospitals, clinics, and sometimes, wait at home for medical workers to immunize their children. In other words, it saves them time, money, energy and pains.

In conclusion, immunization has brought sound` health to the children in the world, it has reduced the agony parents pass through during child rearing and lastly, It has reduced