How to Treat Baldness?

What is baldness? In medical terms baldness is known as Alopecia. Baldness is the loss of hair and the scalp becomes visible. This condition is more prevalent in men than women. Hair loss is mainly due to age, illness, heredity, changes in hormones etc.

In male pattern baldness the loss of hair is on the front portion of the head, which is known as the crown. Some men lose all their hair on the head too. In female pattern baldness too, the hair gets thin all over the head or mainly in the crown and front position. In female pattern baldness, it is very rare to see fully bald women.

How to treat baldness? The doctor takes into account the age, heath condition, family history, tolerance for certain medicines etc. There is no treatment for baldness but hair replacement surgery can be done to fix some hair in the bald spot on the head. This is a little painful process. 99% of baldness has no cure through medications. There are lots of medications available over the counter for alopecia, but most of them are of no use. The baldness in men starts in the shape of "M" and the hair becomes very thin and small. Baldness could lead to low self-confidence and low self-esteem.

Shiny top on the head is always something, that could make a person lose his self-esteem. Though slowdown in the process of hair loss can be achieved, hair growth is not possible. If baldness is detected early then certain precautions can be taken to prevent further falling of hair.

A Common Wound Problem After Breast Reduction Surgery

Breast reduction surgery is a highly effective operation at downsizing and reshaping large breasts. It is a fairly complex procedure that uses a keyhole skin removal and reduction approach to lift the nipple upward and create a more conical shape to the breast. From a plastic surgery standpoint, this is known as the 'inferior pedicle' technique and is the most method by which plastic surgeons perform breast reductions in the United States. There are other techniques for performing breast reduction, but the inferior pedicure method is reliable and adaptable to all types of breast sizes and shapes.

One of the most common complications from this method of breast reduction is separation or opening of the anchor or inverted T portion of the closure at the lower breast crease. This occurs so often that I inform all patients to expect it in either one or both of their breasts. This opening after surgery occurs because this is the point of maximum tightness or tension of the skin closure and, as healing and inflammation set in, the wound edges will separate. Sometimes it will be small, a dime or nickel size, and in others it can develop into an opening much bigger.

What is feasible about this problem, and very disturbing to patients, is that it does not usually appear until at least three weeks after surgery. The incision lines from the breast reduction look great for weeks and then this developments. By three weeks most patients assume that all potential 'problems' are over and everything will just continue to get better. But the biology of healing goes against this perception as the sunset of inflammation and wound tension relief create this delayed wound problem. Despite its ominous appearance, this breast wound separation is a self-solving problem. It may take a week or so reach its maximum size but it will heal and fill in on its own over the ensuing weeks.

Kwashiorkor in an Affluent Society

Kwashiokor is a form of protein-energy malnutrition that we generally associate with children from war-torn countries of Africa. The financial and social affluence generally protects our population, especially the children, from protein deprivation. The low incidence of Kwashiokor delays its diagnosis in the special groups that are at risk of developing it. Chase HP, in a review of kwashiorkor, suggests that children on severe protein restriction due to nutritional ignorance, perceived milk intolerance, or food faddism can develop Kwashiokar. Chronic malabsorptive conditions such as cystic fibrosis are also a high-risk group. Hospitalized patients with decreased nutritional intake or severe nutritional loss are also prone to protein-energy malnutrition.

The symptoms include retardation in stature and tissue development, poor development of muscle and lack of tone, edema, potbelly, swollen legs and face, anorexia and diarrhea. The person stops interacting with the surroundings. The pathologic and biochemical changes include fatty infiltration of the liver, reduced serum levels of triglycerides, phospholipids, and cholesterol, reduced amylase, lyase and trypsin. Serum proteins and albumin fractions are markedly reduced. Hemoglobin levels are especially reduced. This could be a serious complication leading to blindness and death. (Chetali Agrawal, 2000).

Dietary management for kwashiorkor concentrates mainly on providing a diet that is high in protein. Five grams of proteins/kg of body weight/day should be given for the existing weight. The calories derived from protein should be 10% of the total calculated calories per day if the main source is animal protein. If the main or the only source is from cereals and pulses, then the percentage of calories derived from protein can be 13 to 14% of the total calories because of the net protein utilization of cereals and pulses is around 60% whereas in milk or eggs, it is around 90%. Though vegetable proteins are as good as milk proteins in reversing the acute manifestation of kwashiorkor, they are inferior in their ability to promote regeneration of serum albumin. This can be overcome by giving 3 parts of vegetable protein to one part of animal protein like skim milk (Srilakshmi)

Dietary supplements containing proteins like whey and casein can be of benefit in malnourished subjects. Casein is a milk protein and has the ability to form a gel or clot in the stomach. The ability to form this clot makes it very efficient in nutrient supply. The clot is able to provide a sustained slow release of amino acids into the blood stream, sometimes lasting for several hours (Boirie et al., 1997)

Micellar casein is an extremely slow digesting and rich protein source that continues to feed the muscle (which is essential for kwashiorkor) long after whey protein has passed through the digestive system. In fact, studies with this under-rated form of isolated casein protein (Proc Natl. Acad Sci USA 1997) have demonstrated it to sustain steady amino acid elevation for an incredible seven hours. It was shown to offer a strong anti-catabolic effect not noticed with fast digesting whey protein, and actually fostered a much more positive overall net protein balance in comparison. Glutamine is the predominant amino acid in casein, which plays an important role in brain metabolism. Proline, aspartic, leucine, lysine and valine are also present. Casein is a good source of essential amino acids.

Whey proteins are made up of a-lacalbumin and ß-lactoglobulin (which defend against infection), albumin, the immunoglobulins, enzymes and protease, peptones. ß-lactoglobulin accounts for about 50% of total whey protein. They also contain small amounts of lactoferrin (iron, containing protein having protecting effect) and serum transferin (Srilakshmi, 1996).

Whey proteins provide the highest value of BCAA (Branched Chain amino acid). This is highly valued for muscle building–an essential requirement in kwashiorkor–and recovery. Whey proteins are the highest quality of proteins as they contain the best combination of amino acids as compared to proteins in dairy products, soy, vegetable, and even meat. Whey proteins also support the immune functions by increasing glutathione levels, thereby exhibiting antioxidants properties. Whey proteins contain many similar ingredients found in a mother’s milk. Other benefits of whey proteins include the fact that they are easily absorbed, which help in increasing lean muscle mass and helps fat loss.

It is necessary to maintain electrolyte balance in patients with Protein Energy Malnutrition. Vitamin and mineral supplementation must be given according to the physician’s advice. If vitamin A deficiency is present, oral administration of a single dose of 50,000 International Units (I.U.s) of fat-soluble vitamin A should be given immediately, followed by 5000 units daily. The deficiency symptoms will be cured in about two weeks. Anemia is most frequently encountered in people suffering from protein energy malnutrition. For the treatment of anemia, ferrous ammonium citrate (0.8g) should be given daily in the form of syrup in three divided doses for a period of one month. 100 mcg of Folic acid should be given daily (Srilakshmi).

Treatment strategy involves provision of adequate protein, provision of casein and whey protein supplementation, provision of vitamin and mineral supplementation, resolving life threatening conditions, restoring nutritional status without disruption of homeostasis ensuring nutritional rehabilitation. Criteria for improvement involves disappearance of mental apathy and edema, rise in serum albumin level and an increase in weight gain.

Strokes and Emotions Following a Stroke

Emotions and behavior can change following a stroke. Nearly one third of all stroke survivors experience some emotional problems. These problems can result in depression, anger, frustration, feelings of loss and denial. There may be communication disorders which will include aphasia – to do with verbal abilities and auditory comprehension where they are unable to speak or to read, write or comprehend numbers. Or there may be motor speech problems with slurred or garbled speech. All of these difficulties will affect the emotions creating sadness and possibly depression.

Extreme emotions will interfere with the rehabilitation process. Emotions are hard to control, partly because of chemical changes within the brain caused by the stroke. It is also a reaction to the challenges of dealing with the effects of a stroke. There can be rapid mood changes also causing crying or laughing inappropriately, feelings of hopelessness, changes in eating and sleeping, anger, anxiety and apathy.

Anxiety causes sleep disturbances. It may also cause difficulty with concentration. The stroke sufferer may avoid going out in public or even seeing friends. Irritability, another problem, can also cause difficulties with concentration and the stroke sufferer may tire more quickly.

Apathy is a dangerous emotion for a stroke survivor. It is lack of enthusiasm, motivation, listlessness and no interest in anything. For the stroke sufferer, if they have apathy they will likely not work diligently at rehabilitation. This is detrimental to their long-term health or for a positive outcome with the chance of fewer disabilities.

It is important for the stroke impaired to find ways to relax, ie: soak in a warm bath, listen to calm music, meditate or go for a walk. Writing down worries or talking to a friend or family member may also help. However, if it continues for quite a while and all else has failed, it may be necessary for them to see their family doctor. Medication may also be necessary.

Stroke recovery groups are also good for the stroke survivor because often talking about the effects of their stroke with others who are going through the same thing can help. Acknowledging their feelings will help them to deal with their emotions too. It will be important for the stroke-impaired person to be as informed as possible because the more they know, the more they will be able to help themselves.

Emotions following a stroke are often closer to the surface and will increase in intensity relative to the situation, possibly summoning feelings that had not bothered them prior to their stroke. As upsetting as it is for the stroke survivor to experience these chaotic emotions, in almost all cases, these intents feelings will go and ever they will feel more like themselves ..

Problems with emotions following a stroke can result in personality changes. But as the stroke-impaired person begins to feel more like themselves, these changes often will cease to exist.

Possible Side Effects of Slimming Tea

Slimming tea is an herbal product that includes approximately 25% tea. Perhaps, the manufacturers and marketers are trying to latch onto the benefits of other pure teas by creating a beverage that is said to stimulate weight loss.

However, these herbal concoctions are filled with laxatives. There is a time in everyone’s life when a laxative may be warranted. Use for weight loss is not one of those times. Among the possible side effects of the use or abuse of these brewed beverages are:

  • Diarrhea
  • Stomach cramps
  • Nausea
  • Vomiting
  • Fainting
  • Chronic Constipation
  • Dehydration
  • GI Tract problems
  • And possibly death from extended abuse by those who suffer from anorexia or bulimia
  • These side effects may not manifest with occasional use or the first use. However, for some who have “delicate” systems, diarrhea and stomach cramps may occur after the first cup. It must be noted that there are times when the product is useful, especially if one is suffering from constipation. However, it must be further noted that extended use of laxatives in any form will make the body become dependent on them to stimulate the bodily functions. The end result may be that the very product one uses to override constipation may create a never ending cycle on dependency and necessity.

    It goes without saying that pregnant women should not use the products during the nine months of pregnancy as there could be disastrous results.

    Generally, nausea and vomiting follow more than the occasional use. Fainting and dehydration go hand in hand. Often these side effects follow repeated daily use. While death is not likely to be attributed to drinking a laxative filled product, it is understandable that extended use followed by vomiting, dehydration and fainting could eventually lead to death.

    Of particular note, many anorexia nervosa sufferers and those who experience bulimia are more likely to suffer the dire consequences of taking, or drinking, these slimming products daily. The psychological dependence can lead to physical dependence and to death. While no one is suggesting that any of the products are directly responsible for death, the abuse of any weight loss product by someone with a weight related disease should be a consideration.

    Perhaps, there is a place for these products in the cupboard, especially for those times when a laxative is needed. However, before using these products as a weight loss tool, one should be fully aware of the consequences that can arise from regular use or abuse.

    Natural Myopia Cure – How to Cure Myopia Without Surgery

    Myopia is a nearsighted condition where the eyes have become accustomed to near object and thus sees objects that are far away in a blurred manner. There are many ways people can try to find a myopia cure. One of the most common ways people choose to cure it is through glasses or surgery. Even though these are common, they may not necessarily be for everyone.

    Glasses can be bothersome and sometimes expensive. They also are not a cure, but just a means of being able to see well. When you don’t wear them you have bad vision. It may also be the case that glasses can even worsen your vision over time. For surgery, the common issue is that it can be risky and expensive. There are also natural ways to improve your eyesight.

    One way many people have attempted to find a myopia cure is through exercises. Some exercises involve you rolling your eyes side to side and up and down. This is an attempt to stimulate blood flow to the eyes. This has to be repeated for a long period for it to have even the slightest effect. Some people have received positive results so it is worth a try.

    Another common solution is to take a bilberry extract supplement. It has been shown to prevent macular degeneration and is also believed to help with night vision problems. It also improves the overall health of your eye sight because of its vitamin levels. Bilberry is a fruit that is similar to a blueberry.

    Another manner by which you can cure myopia is by relaxing your eyes after reading or staring at the t v or computer. After 30 minutes of nearsighted work, stare at a wall in the distance for at least 5 minutes. This will relax your eyes. Myopia cure through relaxation is very easy and free.

    Mario Santos has been working as an eye wellness expert for years and has helped hundreds of people who have eyesight problems.

    Canaloplasty: Fixing The Hole With A Straw

    "There's a hole in my bucket, dear Liza, dear Liza,

    There's a hole in my bucket, dear Liza, a hole.

    Then fix it, dear Henry, dear Henry, fix it. "

    "With what I'll fix it, dear Liza, dear Liza?

    With what shall I fix it, dear Liza, with what?

    With a straw, dear Henry, dear Henry, a straw. "

    Does this song sound familiar? Sesame Street incorporated the song as a comedic skit in the 1970s except instead of a "straw," the hole in the bucket was fixed with a "stick". The same holds true with canaloplasty. To fix the leaky bucket (glaucoma), a straw is needed (microcatheter).

    Canaloplasty is a recent advancement in non-penetrating glaucoma surgery that gains aqueous outflow without forming a bleb (blister). This approach does not create a full-thickness hole into the fluid-filled space inside the eye (anterior chamber), as with trabeculectomy. Instead, the eye fluid flows slowly through the natural drainage channels with the help of a stent, preventing a rapid and dangerous drop in eye pressure. This gives canaloplasty an excellent safety profile, with early eye pressure stability after surgery and faster recovery time. It also means less activity restrictions and post-operative visits for patients when compared to trabeculectomy.

    In addition, canaloplasty and trabeculectomy both resulated in similar reductions in intraocular pressure (IOP) and medication use one year after surgery. Experts agree that canaloplasty is a desirable option for glaucoma patients because it decrees the number of necessary post-operative visits and there are fewer complications to treat. As an added bonus, patients save thousands of dollars in the cost of medications because cancaloplasty reduces the amount of medication patients need in order to control the IOP. The ultimate result? A happier patient who can go back to enjoying life without restrictions.

    Although anyone with open angle glaucoma can benefit from canalopalsty, it is especially valuable for patients who are also contact lens wearers, have eyes with significant ocular surface disease (dry eyes), and those individuals with a failed trabeculectomy in the other eye. Because of the improved safety profile, canaloplasty will likely have an increasing role in the surgical management of patients with glaucoma.

    How To Know If You Are Pregnant – The 18 Things You Got To Know About Pregnancy

    Are you pregnant? You may be pregnant if you have been experiencing some of the 18 pregnancy symptoms below.

    1. Nausea or morning sickness: Morning sickness are the nauseating feelings and vomiting you experience during pregnancy. Most pregnant women experience morning sickness from the first month of pregnancy onwards. Although the name suggests that this is a condition experienced in the morning, it may strike at any time during the day whenever your blood sugar levels get too low.
    2. Headaches: If you already had a headache problem before pregnancy, be prepared for it to worsen during pregnancy. The changes in your body's hormone levels during pregnancy is the main cause of headaches. Other conditions like lack of sleep, poor posture, stress, dehydration and low blood sugar levels may also worsen of cause headaches.
    3. Dizziness and false spells: During your pregnancy, it is normal for your blood pressure to drop lower than your normal levels. When this happens, you may experience some dizziness and false spells in extreme cases.
    4. Mood swings: The physical and hormonal changes you experience during pregnancy will definitely have a negative impact on your state of mind and cause you to feel gloomy. It takes some time to settle into your new life by adjusting to all the changes in your body and lifestyle.
    5. Fatigue: If you feel fatigued and experience some or all of the symptoms mentioned in this article, you have a good chance of being pregnant. Hormonal changes are usually the main cause of fatigue followed by the additional weight you have to carry around.
    6. Food cravings: Craving for food that you normally would not eat could be a sign that you are pregnant. Many women crave for salty and sweet food while some develop a strange craving for fatty or spicy food.
    7. Weight gain and bloating: Your growing baby and increased food intake will result in an unavoidable gain in weight and ability to fit into some of your clothes. An inexplicable increase in size of your tummy is also a definite sign that you may be pregnant.
    8. Heartburn: The hormones in your body may relax the valve between your stomach and esophagus, causing a wave of gastric acid to flow upwards, which in turn causes an uncomfortable burning sensation.
    9. Lower back pain: As your baby grows in size, the added weight pulls your spine to the front of your body and causes you to experience some back pain every now and then.
    10. Constipation: Hormonal changes during pregnancy slows down the movement of food through your digestive system which results in constipation. This could be a sign of pregnancy if you do not experience constipation frequently.
    11. Frequent urination: Your growing baby in the uterus puts a lot of pressure on your bladder and you may find yourself visiting the loo more frequently than usual.
    12. High Basal Body Temperature (BBT): If your BTT stays in the high temperature range for 18 days or more, you have a good chance of being pregnant.
    13. Cramping: As the uterus grows and stretches, it is normal to feel cramps that feel similar to menstrual cramps.
    14. Spotting: Slight bleeding occurs during implantation of the fertilized egg to the lining of the uterus. A lot of women confuse this with their period but this happens usually before the period starts and the discharge is lighter than normal.
    15. Darkening of the areolas: Your areolas could darken and increase in diameter during pregnancy. This is caused by your body's preparation for your breasts to produce milk.
    16. Tender or swollen breasts: It is common for women to have sore, tingly, tender or swollen breasts during pregnancy. Many women report this feels like a greater version of the sensations before periods.
    17. Missed periods: A late or missed period is usually the first sign women notice when they are pregnant. Further tests will be required to confirm if your suspensions are valid.
    18. Positive pregnancy tests: Only a positive urine test or blood test can give you solid indication that you are pregnant. Positive pregnancy tests: However, these tests are not 100% accurate all of the time, therefore you might want to visit a doctor to conduct further tests.

    Please take note that not all symptoms above indicate a confirmed pregnancy. When you have a positive pregnancy test, visit a doctor to get more tests done to confirm your pregnancy. That's the only way to find out if you are truly pregnant.

    Health Insurance Vs Health Plans

    There are four common reasons why most people do not have health insurance or health plans. These four reasons are: (1) You are self employed. (2) You are unemployed. (3) Your current job does not offer coverage. (4) You have been released from your parents' coverage. Whatever the reason may be, it is important for you to get covered.

    While doing some research on healthcare, you may come across two different types of medical coverage. The first is "health insurance" which includes HMO's, PPO's, and traditional coverage. You may also come across something called discount "health plans". These healthcare types are a little different from one another and you should understand what they are all about before making a final decision on what kind of coverage you choose.

    Health Insurance

    When choosing a health insurance plan you are going to need to choose between three different subcategories: PPO's, HMO's, and Indemnity Plans. There is not much difference between a PPO (Preferred Provider Organization) and an HMO (Health Maintenance Organization). They are both options that keep your premium costs down by only allowing you to see doctors or visit specialists that are members of their provider network. For example, when you see a member doctor, the doctor charges full price for the visit. You pay a co-pay amount of $ 5- $ 25 – depending on your policy, and the insurance company is billed for the rest. You must visit a doctor in the network or the insurance company may not pay their share of your visit.

    Indemnity Plans are a little different. Also called "traditional insurance", they allow you to choose whatever doctor, hospital, or specialist you want, and your visit is covered. You pay your co-pay amount and your insurer will pay the rest. These plans may or may not be more expensive, so it is important for you to compare quotes between indemnity plans and PPO / HMO plans.

    Discount Health Plans

    These are great alternatives to PPO's, HMO's, and traditional insurance, and are becoming increasingly more popular. These plans offer discounts on doctor visits, emergency care, and prescriptions with participating providers in their network, and membership comes with affordable monthly payments. They offer financial relief in your time of need by preventing you from having to pay for 100% of your medical expenses on your own. For example if you have a 50% discount plan, get sick, and see a participating doctor that normally charges $ 70 for an office visit, being a discount plan member means you will only have to pay $ 35 for that visit. Many discount plans are offered by major medical insurance companies and were created for people on a budget.

    So if you are debating on health insurance vs. health plans, just know that either way having some coverage is better than having no coverage at all. Pick a plan that allows you to stay healthy without breaking the bank. Staying healthy should be the number one priority.

    Ken S., Founder

    LowRateSearch.com

    © 2009

    SPG Nerve Block – A New Treatment That Gives Instant Relief for Migraines and Headaches

    It is very common in people to experience headaches and migraines. The persistent nature of such kind of pain can cause exhaustion and disability. If you experience these for a long time, you may have to undergo steady, long-term treatment. But worry not; there is also a treatment that provides effective relief in an instant.

    There is a new revolutionary treatment that offers instant relief for migraines and headaches without using pills or injections. The Sphenopalatine ganglion (SPG) nerve block uses a unique nasal applicator to safely and painlessly eliminate the pain. Other than headaches and migraines, SPG nerve block has been providing successful relief to a variety of conditions such as trigeminal neuralgia and fibromyalgia.

    SPG nerve block is a procedure that involves application of a topical anesthetic to the sphenopalatine ganglion (SPG) in the back of the sinus area. The nasal applicator has a plastic delivery tube that is soft and flexible so that it can comfortably extend to the back of the nasal cavity and place the anesthetic liquid right where it should be applied. It has a small flexible tip designed to help reduce irritation to the nasal lining. In the nasal cavity, the anesthetic liquid is sprayed directly onto the group of SPG nerves.

    Also known as nasal ganglion, the SPG nerve is an internal part of the head located behind the nose and sinus area and near the throat. It is where neurons in the head are largely collected. SPG is also covered by a thin layer of connective tissues and mucous membrane.

    The nasal ganglion plays a role in causing pain associated with acute and cluster headaches, migraines, trigeminal neuralgia, facial pain and more due to such a wide reach that the nerves from SPG expand to.

    SPG nerve block is being performed by placing the plastic tube of the nasal applicator through one or both the nostrils to apply the anesthetic. The anesthetic then works on the ganglion area to relieve multiple head and facial pain conditions. This procedure is done as an outpatient.

    The SPG nerve block helps in eliminating pain from a variety of head and face conditions such as acute and cluster headaches, migraines, shingles, head and neck cancer pain, reflex sympathetic dystrophy (RSD), complex regional pain syndrome (CRPS), temporomandibular joint (TMJ) pain, Sluder’s neuralgia, vasomotor rhinitis, and atypical facial pain.

    Studies show that SPG nerve block is an excellent treatment for acute and chronic facial and head pain. In a 2009 study, SPG radiofrequency treatment had very high satisfactory results for patients with cluster headaches. Other studies showed that the treatment worked excellently for head and neck cancer pain and for chronic vasomotor rhinitis. It provided overwhelming relief and reduced the need for narcotic medication.

    Obtaining relief for migraines and headaches is easy and need not to be painful. For someone who wants to easily get rid of chronic headache or severe migraine, SPG nerve block may just be the answer. This quick treatment needs no toxic medications. With SPG nerve block it only takes few moments to resume your normal lifestyle and live pain-free for the rest of your life.

    Snoring – Types and Causes

    There are two types of snoring: primary snoring and snoring indicative of obstructive sleep apnea (OSA). If your significant other is a snorer, you can conduct a sleep study, which is called a polysomnogram, to determine which type of snoring your significant other is suffering from. Of the two types of snoring, primary snoring, which is also called simple snoring, is the one that you should be concerned about the least. A person will not suffer from any health problems or lose out on any sleep because of primary snoring. You can tell a person is suffering from primary snoring if you can hear loud breathing while that person is sleeping. Primary snoring is uninterrupted and periodic. The noise from the loud breathing can be of any decibel level. Primary snoring results from some type of nasal passage blockage. The other type of snoring is more of a health concern and a doctor should be consulted for treatment recommendations. OSA can occasionally cause a complete blockage of the air passes for as long as 10 seconds and this may result in death due to suffocation. According to the National Institutes of Health, 12 million Americans have OSA and it is as common as diabetes. OSA sufferers can have as many as 20 to 30 involuntary breathing paususes during hour during sleep. These paususes occur because the throat muscles and tongue relax and block the opening of the airway. A person suffering from this type of snoring will have early morning headaches, problems staying awake during the day and low oxygen levels in the blood. If OSA is left untreated, a person can have high blood pressure and increased risk of cardiac arrest, stroke and heart disease. Unfortunately, 90% of OSA sufferers are undiagnosed and untreated.

    Snoring occurs because of the vibrations of tissues against each other in the back of the mouth and nose. These tissues obstruct the airway and consist of the soft palate, the throat, the uvula, the tonsils, or the adenoids. Snoring occurs during sleep because deep sleep is what causes the relaxation of the throat muscles. This partially closes the airway. This narrowing of the airway obstructs the air flow, which causes the snoring. A narrower airway will cause louder noise because there will be more friction. There are several other causes of snoring. If you're not in shape, this can lead to poor muscle tone and lax muscles, which can contribute to snoring. Alcohol, sleeping pills, or antihistamines can increase the relaxation of throat and tongue muscles. Excessive fatty tissue in the neck can cause your throat to become smaller. A long soft palate or uvula can narrow the opening of the airway. A stuffy nose from a cold can block your nasal airways and make it harder to pull air through it. This will create a vacuum in your throat and pull together the tissues of the throat. Smoking or exposure to secondhand smoke can cause the throat muscles to relax and also creates nasal and lung congestion. Men are more likely to snore than women because they have narrower airways. When you're middle-aged or older, your throat become narrower and the muscle tone in your throat decreases. A deviated septum, which is a deformity of the wall that separates one nostril from the other, can cause obstructed breathing.

    A Proven Way to Prevent a Sore Throat From Progressing to a Cold

    Before I start sharing with you the proven way to prevent a sore throat from progressing to a cold, do you know experiencing periodic cold or flu can actually be helpful to your health? It may sound ridiculous but it is true, as told by my friend, who is a doctor by profession.

    He stated that during our cold or flu period, our bodes are actually in the healing process of getting rid of those weakest cells which can help us to stay more healthier in the long run.

    Here is how you can better prepare in preventing a cold from developing.

    Gargle with warm salt water the moment you start experiencing that sore, tickling feeling in your throat. Try to tap your throat (Adam's apple region) with your fingers while you gargle so as to encourage the warm salt water to trickle deeply into your throat.

    You probably may not be aware of, your tonsils and adenoids serve as a first line of defense against any airborne microorganisms and substances. It is a significant parts of your immune system located near the entrance of your breathing passages. Colds and flu viruses usually get eaten by your tonsils and adenoids before spreading through your body, and by gargling warm salt water it can effectively removed the viruses.

    If you ever experience chronic swapping tonsils and adenoids at your throat region and is thinking of removing them, please reconsider seriously. It is highly not recommended. Try alternatives ways liked;

    – Adopting a minimal processed diet, rich in fresh plant foods,
    – Reduced your sugar intake especially cannoned drinks
    – Get plenty of rest, exercise and exposed yourself outdoor more often.

    You may ask gargling cold salt water works as well?

    Either warm or cold salt water will help to remove those harmful viruses from your tonsils and adenoids, but if possible, try warm salt water as it promises to be more effective.

    These are just simple and easy ways you can try out without any hassle before you consult your doctor.

    Thanks for reading.

    Tips on How to Stop Stuttering and Stammering

    Stuttering and stammering is a speech impediment that a lot of people have. To the average person, they would not assume that living with this problem is that difficult, but it is. If you suffer from stuttering or stammering, then you know how hard life can be.

    For those with these types of speech impediments, they can not communicate properly with other people. They trip over every word that comes out of their mouth and the more it happens, the more nervous and flustered they become. If you have ever been in a situation such as a job interview or a date and your stuttering becomes an issue, it is a moment you never forget because you are so embarrassed.

    If you are suffering from extreme cases of stuttering and stammering then there are some things you can do. Some tips on how to stop stuttering and stammering include speaking in front of a mirror. If you can get some practice time speaking in front of a mirror, you will be able to get a feel for how the words are supposed to roll off of your tongue. Another tip on how to stop stuttering is to take a class such as yoga. Yoga will help to put your nerves at ease so you will be able to talk with confidence and composition. If you are able to control your nerves, then you will be able to control the pace that you speak at. Then you will be able to impress anyone with your speaking skills and how you speak with ease.

    Brain Atrophy and Vitamin B-12 Deficiency – Should You Be Using Supplements?

    A recent nutritional research study published in 'Neurology' 2008; 71: 826-832, suggests that having lower end levels of vitamin B-12, often considered to be within an acceptable range, could be damaging to normal brain size. Another study conducted at Tufts University in Boston in 2000 estimated that about 40 percent of the US Population has a vitamin B-12 deficiency.

    Vitamin B-12 deficiencies should be considered a public health concern, along with many other vital nutrient shortages. This applies to all ages, not just the aging sector of the population. Vitamin B-12 deficiencies have been associated with brain atrophy (wasting) and has possible connections to developing brain diseases such as Alzheimer's, dementia, and depression.

    The University of Oxford in England study involved one hundred and seven participants aged 61 to 87, who were considered to be cognitively normal and healthy at the beginning of the 5 year test study period. The interesting conclusion, noted by the lead researcher, suggested that keeping your vitamin B-12 levels well above the lower level cut-off advances brain performance.

    In terms of brain shrinkage, there was a noticeable difference in cognitive functioning between the study participants who had higher levels of vitamin B-12, than those who had lower levels within the normal range.

    Other risk factors for developing brain atrophy include high blood pressure, diabetes, and high cholesterol. Beside age being a risk factor in developing a vitamin B-12 deficiency, other possible risks include strict vegetarians, pregnant and lactating women, infants, stomach problems, and gastric disorders.

    Vitamin B-12 is naturally found in animal foods. The highest concentration of which is found in mollusks such as clams, scallops, oysters, and in organ meats such as beef liver. To a lesser degree, vitamin B-12 can be obtained in fortified breakfast cereals (synthetic versions), fish, poultry, eggs, beef (sirloin tips), and minimal amounts are found in dairy products.

    A realistic concern for vegetarians might be in getting to know where their vitamin B-12 levels are. A simple periodic blood test can confirm whether raising to the upper level range, or slightly above, may improve energy levels and cognitive functioning.

    Why is getting enough vitamin B-12 so important? The top ten reasons according to Dr. Joseph Mercola are:

    Is needed for the proper digestion, absorption, and metabolism of carbohydrates and fats.
    Helps folic acid (vitamin B-9) regulate red blood cells, and aides the body in using iron.
    Optimizes nerve health functioning and communication.
    Helps healthy cell formation and longevity.
    Helps support female reproductive health.
    Promotes healthy nerve growth and development. Protects the important fatty sheaths surrounding our nerve endings.
    Is critical to circulation and the production of adrenal hormones.
    Boosts immunity.
    Supports a healthy feeling of overall well-being, by improving moods, memory, mental clarity, and concentration.
    Boosts energy levels.

    Other risk factors for low vitamin B-12 levels are gastric bypass surgery patients, coffee drinkers (4 or more cups a day), and the use of certain prescription drugs. Proton pump inhibitors such as 'Prilosec' and 'Prevacid', which are used to treat gerd or peptic ulcers, have been implicated in having low levels of this vitamin, as well as H2 receptor antagonists like 'Tagamet', 'Pepsid', and 'Zantac'. Both these drugs lower hydrochloric acid in the stomach, which is needed to absorb B-12, plus, an untreated stomach problem lowers a protein called intrinsic factor which is also needed for B-12 absorption. If the stomach is inflamed or irritated it may not be producing this substance, making it nearly impossible for your body to absorb B-12.

    If you are wondering whether you might not be getting enough of this vitamin, and may be considering supplementing, it is important to know that a lot vitamin B-12 supplements are not much help, worth your time or money, and can be out right dangerous. Ideally, the best way to get this important nutrient is in the food you eat.

    This vitamin is notoriously hard to absorb and assimilate from a supplement. Studies have shown, and it is widely recognized, that the best way to get B-12 is under the tongue (sublingual form). They are usually better absorbed into the bloodstream than tablets or inhaled versions.

    According to Mike Adams of 'Natural News', in an interview with Greg Kunin titled "Bioidentical Vitamins and the Secret of Methylation", high quality vitamin B-12 supplements are rather expensive to produce because of the fermentation process. The cost can be as much as $ 6,000. more per kilo than low quality B-12.

    Read labels carefully, as most B-12 supplements available on the shelf are the cyanocobalamin form. It is not only cheaper in price, but also quite toxic. Many supplement makers choose to use this form because it is cheaper to produce. This form will interfere with the body's methylation pathway.

    The higher quality form of B-12 is known as hydroxycobalamin or methylcobalamin. These two forms are more readily absorbable, utilized, and safe. The cost is going to be at least double in what the cheaper version sells for, so that in itself should be a dead give away.

    But, if you think you may have a hard time remembering which form to look for on the label, just remember 'cyano' as in cyanide poisoning, and methyl or hydroxy as healthy for you.

    Confirmation of nutritional therapy's positive effects has been painfully slow in coming to the forefront. Politically correct statements such as "medicines have been shown to disrupt vitamin B-12 absorption, but no clear evidence suggests that prescription medications may actually cause a deficiency when used long-term", seem to be included in a lot of, so-called , unbiased research protocols. These type of statements are not only confusing to most everyone, they have a tendency, by design, to contradict.

    If you are in doubt of the treatments that you are considering using to heal yourself, the bottom line may just well be what incentives are behind the proposed solution. Who is really benefitting in the long-run, you or them?

    There is nothing wrong with a quality supplement manufacturer making a nice profit off a quality supplement that is as beneficial to its customers as it is to them, or any affiliate marketers. Your job is to, thoroughly, do your homework, in investigating whether a company's sponsored clinical research studies actually back up the results the company promotes in its marketing strategy.

    Autism – Genetic and Environmental Causes

    Autism causes are a complex mix of genetic and environmental factors that researchers have yet to fully understand. Studies of identical and unique twins reveal that genetics play an important role in autism.

    A Brief Description of Autism

    Defining autism is difficult, as the disorder covers a wide range of symptoms and severity can range from mild to debilitating. A neurological disorder, it causes injury in social interaction and communication. A person with autism may have restricted interests or engage in abnormal, repetitive behavior. Depending on the severity of symptoms, it causes mild to debilitating impairment.

    Autism is part of a group of related disorders collectively called autism spectrum disorders (ASDs). The autism spectrum, as its name implies, describes a range of symptoms, rather than specific problems. Other ASDs include Asperger's syndrome, Retts syndrome and childhood disintegrative disorder, as well as pervasive developmental disorder, not otherwise specified.

    Genetic Autism Causes

    Most cases have no known cause, but the tendency for disorders of the autism spectrum to run in families suggests a genetic component. Families with one autistic child have a 3 to 8 percent chance that their other children will be autistic.

    Twin studies demonstrate the importance of genetics in establishing causes. If one identical twin has autism, studies reveal a 30 percent chance that the other twin is also autistic.

    In addition to twin studies, autism research reveals that families of autistic children have a much higher rate of communication defects, impaired social skills or restricted interests, all of which are hallmarks of classic autism and fall within the autism spectrum.

    Despite the strong evidence for genetic causes, parents of autistic children are rarely autistic themselves, although they may display personality traits suggestive of autism. Genetics alone, then, does not need account for autism.

    Environmental Catalysts and Autism Genetics

    Many researchers believe that the potential for autism lies in genetics, but environmental factors are required to "trigger" the disease. Over time, a number of environmental causes have been identified that may act as catalysts for autism, including:

    • bacterial meningitis
    • cytomegalovirus
    • developmental brain disorders
    • fragile X syndrome
    • lead encephalopathy
    • rubella
    • some metabolic disorders
    • toxoplasmosis
    • tuberous sclerosis.

    These disorders are not considered definitive causes. Most children who experience these conditions do not develop autism. However these conditions may interact with existing genetic factors, resulting in autism.

    Vaccination and Disproven Autism Causes

    Some suggested causes have proven false. The early theory that a distant or uncaring mother causes autism has long been disproven.

    More recently, an argument was made that the mercury conservative used in vaccinations caused autism. Despite significant research, no link between infection and autism has ever been found.

    Genetics, Autism and the Future

    Most researchers doubt that causes can be traced to a single gene. Instead, they believe that a number of different genes contribute to the development of autism. Some autism experts have even speculated that in the future, what we now label autism will be recognized as a group of similar, but separate diseases.

    It may take years to unravel the roles genetics and environment play in autism, but the goal is attainable. Understanding autism causes will help the search for effective treatments and better therapies for autism.

    Resources

    Ellis, C., & Hale, K. (nd). Autism causes. Retrieved November 12, 2008, from the eMedicine Health Web site: [http://www.emedicinehealth.com/autism/page2_em.htm#Autism%20Causes].

    Exploring Autism. (2002). Frequently asked questions. Retrieved December 12, 2008, from the Exploring Autism Web site: http://www.exploringautism.org/faq.htm .

    National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke. (April, 2006). Autism fact sheet. Retrieved December 14, 2008, from the National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke Web site: http://www.ninds.nih.gov/disorders/autism/detail_autism.htm .