To understand anemia, it helps to start with breathing. The oxygen we inhale doesn’t just stop in our lungs. It’s needed throughout our bodies to fuel the brain and all our other organs and tissues that allow us to function. Oxygen travels to these organs through the bloodstream — specifically in the red blood cells.
You are affected by anemia if your blood does not have enough hemoglobin or enough red blood cells. Since the early symptoms of anemia, are mild, it is easy to mistake the anemia symptoms for symptoms of some serious disease. Anemia could have an adverse impact on the quality of your life. Major symptoms of anemia include: heart palpitation, fatigue, dizziness, loss of concentration, rapid heart breath and pale skin. Unhappiness and depression could also be a major symptom of anemia.
Headache, irritability, syncope and bounding pulse are also symptoms of anemia. Observable signs of anemia are: tachycardia, mild peripheral edema, ejection systolic murmur and venous hums. Angina pectoris among old people is a clear sign of anemia. Females tend to develop abnormal menstruation and amenorrhea if anemia affects them whereas males develop impotence and decrease in libido. Anemia could either be the result of an inherited disorder or it could result due to your environment, such as infection or exposure to a toxin or a drug.
There are many symptoms of anemia. Each individual will not experience all the symptoms and if the anemia is mild, the symptoms may not be noticeable. Some of the symptoms are: Pale skin color, fatigue, irritability, dizziness, weakness, shortness of breath, sore tongue, brittle nails, decreased appetite (especially in children), headache – frontal.
You may be overly tired, or very weak (fatigued), if you have anemia due to your bleeding (iron deficiency anemia), or due to another underlying disorder. It may be hard for you to do any kind of your normal activities.
If you are severely anemic, you may have shortness of breath, chest discomfort, palpations, or feel faint like you are going to pass out.
If you are anemic due to bleeding or blood loss, you may notice the bleeding coming from your vagina, urine, or from your rectum. However, you may also not notice any bleeding anywhere.
After pregnancy, the fibroids usually shrink back to their pre-pregnancy size. They typically improve after menopause when the level of estrogen, the female hormone that circulates in the blood, decreases dramatically. However, menopausal women who are taking supplemental estrogen (hormone replacement therapy) may not experience relief of symptoms.
Painful crises. Pain can strike the patient in any part of the body without notice. These attacks can occur as rarely as once a year or as often as every few weeks. They can also last for a variable period of time, from a few hours to a few weeks. Pain in the hands and feet are sometimes the earliest symptoms of sickle cell anemia in a child.
Enlarged spleen and infections. Sickle-cell blockages can affect any of the body’s organs. The organs do not receive the oxygen they need to grow normally. The spleen is especially at risk and may become enlarged or it may die completely. This can weaken the immune system and increase the chance that a patient will develop infections.