Inflamed and swollen gums can unfortunately be a sign of gingivitis or, even worse, gum disease. Because of this, it is integral that swollen gums be recognized and treated early so that it can be cured before it is able to progress into a more serious condition.
There are several potential causes for swollen gums. These include:
- Hormonal changes due to pregnancy and the menstrual cycle.
- Either lack of brushing or vigorous over-brushing. This could lead to gum injury and swelling in the future and might even lead to bacterial infection.
- Lack of proper nutrition.
- Over consumption of candy and other sweet foods.
- The use of specific medications such as amphetamines can lead to swelling due to increased size in blood vessels.
- Bacterial-containing plaque contains toxic substances which are released into the gums and can cause gum swelling and inflammation.
- Smoking, which has been known to increase the buildup of harmful bacteria and plaque.
In the case of swollen gums, several means can be taken in order to treat the issue. These home treatments include:
- Rinsing the mouth with a mixture of salt and warm water. This, however, is not a curative measure but is simply palliative. It has been known to relieve unpleasant symptoms of inflamed gums.
- Rinsing the mouth with a mixture of fresh lemon juice and water can help to prevent infection. Gargle the solution and then spit.
- Increasing the intake of folic acid, iron, and vitamin A.
- Making sure that there is no food residue within the teeth.
- Brushing twice a day and flossing at least once per day in order to prevent plaque buildup and cavities.
- Massaging the gums in order to encourage blood flow within the area.
- Consuming more water.
- Forming a paste made of ginger and salt. This mixture is then placed on the gums and massaged into the area. This has been known to prevent inflammation.
Gum swelling and inflammation can occasionally become too severe to the point that these home remedies do not seem to help the problem. If the above treatments do not appear to alleviate the problem, you should schedule an appointment with a professional dentist or an expert oral hygienist. This should be done as soon as you are able, so that the condition does not progress into a more severe gum issue such as periodontal disease.