The lack of oxygenated blood flowing to the brain causes strokes. They could be defined as a mysterious neurological shortfall in the brain and are classified as thrombotic, hemorrhagic, and cerebral aneurysm. Eighty percent of all strokes are caused by arterial blockage and twenty percent are caused by bleeding within the brain tissue or around the brain tissue.
They are the leading cause of disability and the third leading cause of death in the United States. There are more than four million stroke survivors and many are left with paralysis, diminished mental competency, and speech problems. All of these elements were caused by lack of oxygen to the brain.
Despite strokes caused by blocked blood flow to the brain, and could happen suddenly; a stroke from a localized clot or a hardened artery in the brain could be a slow process. It may develop in minutes, hours, days or even weeks, because the artery typically hardens or narrows. This form of stroke is associated with coronary artery disease, hypertension, diabetes, peripheral vascular disease, and head trauma. Its symptoms can include headaches on the affected side, seizures or both. The symptoms could intensify in seconds.
After a stroke, nutrition and hydration is very important for rehabilitation. However, the effects of a stroke interfere with food simulation. As many as fifty percent of stroke victims have problems swallowing, but most recover within two to four weeks. Because of the improper food simulation, the healing process is delayed in some people, while others become malnourished or disabled and some die.
Difficulty in swallowing can cause other problems such as food entering the lungs or airways instead of the esophagus. The result of this problem causes aspiration pneumonia; consequently, making the ability to Swallow Test very important and should be preformed soon after a stroke. Since hydration and nutrition play a vital role in recovery, many times a feeding tube is used for the first few weeks to insure proper nutrition.
A healthy diet and lifestyle is very important and essential for wellness, and is an excellence prevention of a stroke or second stroke. Start by controlling high blood pressure, high cholesterol; sleep disordered breathing, smoking cessation, excess alcohol intake, and excess weight.
Certain supplements can protect the brain cells such as Phosphatidylserine a brain cell stimulator; DMAE helps with brain chemistry, Ginkgo improvements blood flow, and acetyl-carnitine energize the brain cells. Nutrients can also reduce the possibility of a second stroke such as vitamin E, omega-3 fatty acids, vitamin C, and coenzyme Q10.
Stroke can occur quickly, that is why it is imperative for individuals and their families to familiarize themselves with the symptoms. They are difficult in standing or walking, loss of coordination, numbness in arm, face, and leg weakness, confusion, difficulty in speaking, or impaired vision and severe headaches. There may be other mild symptoms such as fever, nausea and vomiting.
Strokes are very dangerous and can occur suddenly. The one singular important prevention is to control chronic high blood pressure. Exercising regularly, weight control, and following a daily diet and supplement plan will also help.