According to the World Health Organization, 15 million people die worldwide of Stroke. Of these, 5 million die and another 5 million are permanently disabled. In Europe, an average of 650,000 stroke-related deaths is recorded each year. In recent reports, incidence of stroke has considerably decreased over the past few years. This has been attributed to massive information and education campaigns regarding high blood pressures, nutritional values and active lifestyle to prevent Strokes and Heart Attacks. However, the number is still high because of older population.
In the United States, Stroke is the third leading cause of death. Over 143,579 people die each year and it is the leading cause of disability in the country. Studies show that stroke death is higher for African-Americans than for whites, even at younger age and women are more prone to stoke than men at an older age.
For years, experts have been trying to educate people about the health hazards of sedentary lifestyle. But because of the ever improving technology and the constant search of man for total and complete convenience, sedentary living is quite inevitable. Even the demands of the working environment nowadays do not allow much time to prepare nutritionally balanced meal every day. Though there are companies with gym and exercise areas, still, stress and pressures of a fast-paced environment is potentially harmful to health.
Although technology is one big factor of our sedentary lives, it is also a big factor in curing a lot of diseases that were considered fatal before. Stroke is not as impossible to rehabilitate today as it was in the early 20thcentury. Sophisticated equipments and treatment programs allow individuals to fully recover after a massive stroke. But of course, just like everything else, it will depend on the different factors. Severity is one factor of stroke. Another is the person’s health background if there are other diseases that contributed or aggravated the stroke. The patient’s state of mind and the support of family and friends are also significant consideration in terms of patient recovery.
With the right medical approach, rehabilitation of a stroke patient can already be achieved one hundred percent. Stroke is an injury in the brain that can cause paralysis and can also damage the speech capabilities of an individual. Depending on the severity of the injury sustained by the brain during stroke, the rehabilitation can be as short as 16 days after being discharged from the hospital or several months. It will depend entirely on the individualistic program approach that the therapists and physicians will recommend the patient.
A team of experts, including but not limited to, Physicians, Physical Therapist and Speech and Language Pathologist will be required for the complete rehabilitation of a stroke patient. A Neurologist usually leads and heads the team of Stroke Experts. A Physical Therapist is primary responsible in the rehabilitation of the patient’s sensory and motor skills with emphasis on movements. Speech and Language Pathologist generally helps as stroke survivors regain their ability to talk and swallow.
The internet Stroke Center has updated information on stroke as well as the National Institutes of Health which has vital information on Stroke and other Neurological Diseases and Injuries. These are also the sources of information of this article.