Stress Fractures – Calcium and Vitamin D

What is stress fracture? Sometimes it is named as "hairline fracture", is a physical response to risk from the outside world which is fundamentally the kind of incomplete fractures in bones. Stress fracture is a contrast to the other kinds of fractures which are oddly distinguished by a solitary, critical impact. Based on the study, the cause of this kind of fracture is approaching from odd or recurring stress.

Study said that more than half of the cases of these fractures are associated with athletics that's why it is a common sports injury. This is could be described as a very small sliver or crack in the skeletal part which normally happens in weight-bearing skeletal components, for example the tibia (bone of the lower leg) and metatarsals (bones of the foot).

Based to the study described at the 53rd annual Orthopaedic Research Society gathering in San Diego, CA. The way to decrease the stress fractures could be supplementation which discovered been in calcium and vitamin D, even over a short time period that can considerably reduce the stress fractures.

The chosen and double-blind study which been financed by the US Department of Defense, examined 5,201 female US Navy newly recruited and that been held throughout eight weeks of rudimentary training from 2002 to 2006. All women, ages 17 to 35, were split up into two groups with one group obtaining every day pill supplements of 2,000 mg of calcium and 800 IU of vitamin D, and the other group receiving placebo pills. The benefits are calcium supports bone formation and repair; while vitamin D assist the body to soaks up the calcium.

During the study, 170 newly recruited in the placebo group experienced stress fractures, about 25% more than in the group taking the calcium / vitamin D supplements. "What actually surprising us is that calcium / vitamin D supplements made a significant difference in such a short period time". Frankly, we were not sure we would see any statistically significant results in only eight weeks, "said principal investigator Joan Lappe, Ph.D., RN, a professor of nursing and medicine at Creighton University.

Lappe documented that the study might furthermore have significances for nonmilitary populations. "It appears that supplementation with calcium and vitamin D provides a health-promoting, easy and inexpensive intervention that does not interfere with training goals," she said.

Following to this topic, stress fractures are usually having a narrow list of symptoms and it could present as a generalized area of ​​pain, tenderness, and pain with weight bearing. Usually when running, a stress fracture causes severe pain in the beginning of the run, moderate pain in the middle of the run, and severe pain at the end and after the run.

In an identified cornerstone, only interview and examination by the physician are needed for those who had stress fractures which signify it is not essential to investigate. Other information is that X-rays are not dependable to see any evidence, really it generally do not show the evidence of stress fractures. On the other hand, scan, MRI, or 3-phase bone scan may be more effective in unclear cases.