Stomach And Duodenum Diseases Treatment In India
Diseases Of The Stomach And Duodenum
Acute gastritis may produce no symptoms but can be associated with short-lived dyspepsia, lack of appetite, nausea or vomiting. It can occasionally be severe enough to cause gastrointestinal bleeding with melena or hematemesis (see above). The most common cause is ingestion of aspirin or other non-steroidal anti-imflammatory drugs (NSAIDs). It can also occur during the early stages of infection with the bacteria, Helicobacter pylori “HP.”…..
Chronic gastritis is extremely common and usually results from infection with HP. In the USA and other developed countries, infection with HP becomes more common with increasing age and up to 40-50% of fifty year old people are infected. In underdeveloped countries the infection is much more common and in some areas up to 90% of the population is infected by adulthood….
In the vast majority of cases stomach biopsies show mild chronic gastritis but usually this produces no symptoms and the patient is unaware of the infection. A small percentage, however, will develop peptic ulcer disease because of the infection (see below). At present, however, there is little evidence that patients with symptoms of indigestion but no abnormality at endoscopy will benefit from treatment of the infection….
Further investigations are usually undertaken by a specialist and treatment of pernicious anemia consists of replacement of vitamin B12 by regular injections. Nothing can be done to restore acid secretion but there is little evidence that this impairs the body’s ability to digest and absorb food. There may be a small increase in the risk of stomach cancer in patients suffering from long-standing pernicious anemia…..
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