When the throat gets it can be either a viral or a bacterial infection. Normally one would see that it is caused by a communicable viral infection such as the flu, common cold, or mononucleosis. One sees that many a time's grave throat infections can be caused by a bacterial infection such as strep, mycoplasma or hemophilus. Sore throat infected from bacteria responds well to antibiotic medication. However, ones affected from a viral infection do not. The infection causes the throat to become raw and swollen. Even swallowing water becomes very painful. There is discomfort and scratchiness in the throat. When the nose or sinuses become infected, drainage can run down the back of the throat and irritate it. Severe sore throat can also lead to rheumatic fever.
Many sore throats can be cured with natural remedies. Tincture capsicum has been used to alleviate a sore throat and increase vocal range when congested. Other sore throat cures include chamomile tea drinking this tea every few hour's gives good relief. Gargling with not just warm salt water but also water in which cayenne pepper has been added is said to be helpful. Other natural things like mustard, Slippery Elm bark (Ulmus rubra), Marshmallow (Althaea officinalis) – this contains mucilage which helps soothe a sore throat. Honeysuckle flower is used in Chinese medicines and is a good sore throat healer.
Even homeopathic medication is very useful in curing a sore throat. Medications like Belladonna, mercurius, Phytolacca etc. A humidifier is useful in relieving symptoms of sore throats caused by mouth breathing and dry air.
Doctors recommend antibiotics to cure sore throat. Antibiotic hasten recovery from strep throat but many a times does not prevent it from re occurring. Antibiotics prevent sore throats to become any thing more complicated like rheumatic fever. A sore throat lasting for more than two weeks can be a sign of a serious illness, such as throat cancer or AIDS. If taking antibiotics one must complete the full course of the medication. Pain during swallowing can be cured by taking Acetaminophen or ibuprofen.