Something You Should To Know About Peptic Ulcer

Many people are suffering from peptic  ulcer .It is generally known that  ulcer  appears to men,but nowadays women also suffer from peptic  ulcer .The peptic  ulcer  deals with the digestive process.For example the  ulcer  in the lining of the stomach is calling the gastric  ulcer  and the  ulcer  in the upper part of small intestine, or duodenum, is called a duodenal  ulcer .

The lining of the stomach contains special cells, chemicals and mucous that prevent the stomach from being damaged by its own acids and digestive enzymes.The  ulcer  can be small or deep.The major cause of the  ulcer  is the bacterium H. pylori.This infection can harm only 20% of people infected.In some people, H. pylori infection somehow upsets the delicate balance between the damaging effects of gastric acids and the body’s natural protection.A second common cause of  ulcers  can be the nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs)such as aspirin, ibuprofen (Advil, Motrin and others) and naproxen (Aleve, Naprosyn).Several factors can increase the risk of developing a peptic  ulcer .These damaging factors are:cigarettes, alcohol, stress and spicy food.

The effect produced by the  ulcer  is the burning or gnawing pain in the upper abdomen. This typically occurs when the stomach is empty, and may be worse at night or upon waking.Other symptoms are: nausea, vomiting, loss of appetite, bloating, burping and weight loss.In more severe cases,  ulcer  may bleed or extend deep into the wall of the stomach or intestine.

For diagnosis are recommended the following tests:

1) a blood antibody test for evidence of H. pylori infection.If the test is positive a treatmentmay be given without more invasive tests.In some cases the test may remain positive even aftera given treatment. Unfortunately this test cannot tell if the  ulcer  is produced by the H. pylori.

2) an esophagogastroduodenoscopy is made with the lighted tube with a tiny camera on the end, which is passed through the stomach and intestines.Other way of examining  ulcer  is the biopsy(a small piece of the lining of the stomach), which is a close examination of the tissue in a laboratory.

3) an upper-gastrointestinal(GI)series is a test which involves X-ray taken after the person drinks a chalky liquid. With this method the existence of an  ulcer  can be observed.

 Ulcers  caused by medication should stop after the person stop taking drugs and the  ulcer  caused by H. pylori may heal or may not.Gastric  ulcer  heals more slowly than duodenal  ulcer . But the worse is the fact that H. pylori can return and cause another  ulcer ,if the first infection is not eliminated completely.