Bad puppy breath is a major turnoff to any owner who wishes to cuddle with their puppy. A dog owner always wants to receive a smooch from their beloved dog. So it is a major headache to have a dog with bad breath. It is known that there are many causes of bad breath in dogs. Most of them can be cured if identified early on.
The following are some of these causes.
The most common cause of bad breath or halitosis in dogs is periodontal disease caused by plaque buildup. This plaque buildup is actually a bacteria deposit on the teeth. Bacteria easily cling to the tooth surface. In fact, within hours after the teeth are cleaned, it already sticks to the surface. If left untreated, the plaque will become mineralized and produce calculus. As plaque stays for a long period, it results in gingivitis which later on worsens to become periodontitis or bone loss.
Bacteria range from the merely irritating strains to types that can actually destroy the bone. This bone destruction is already an irreversible type of periodontitis. This type of periodontal disease also produces hydrogen sulfide. This in turn causes halitosis. At this stage, the sulfuric smell that smells bad can already be noticed.
There are other sources of bad breath. One of the most common, is the eating of food with very strong odors. It is very important to check what we feed our dogs. If the food has a strong smell such as fish then it might cause a momentary bad smell on the dog’s breath. However, this is only momentary. After a few hours, the bad breath will be gone on its own without doing anything at all.
Some dogs love to go through the house dumpster. If a dog does this then it stands at a great chance to eat rotten foodstuffs and even wastes. These will naturally cause bad breath in the dog. It helps if we keep our dog away from the garbage dump.
Some other causes may range from more serious to extremely serious. Other causes include metabolic diseases such as diabetes and uremia. Also, some respiratory diseases like rhinitis, sinusitis, and neoplasia will cause bad breath. To add, some gastrointestinal causes like megaesophagus, neoplasia, and a stuck foreign body.
It may also be due to dermatological cause like lip fold pyoderma. For some instances, it may be a result of non-periodontal oral disease such as pharyngitis, tonsilitis, and neoplasia. Also, it may be caused by infections brought about by bacteria, fungi, and viruses. Still, bad breath may be brought about by autoimmune diseases and eosinophilic granuloma complex.
These are but some of the possible causes of bad breath or halitosis in our canine friends. It is best that we seek the assistance of a vet to help check on the problem if we suspect that our dog is suffering from a systemic illness.
In most cases, the causes of bad breath in dogs will be identified. And once the underlying disease has been cured or treated, the bad breath will be gone. Finally, the habit of brushing our dog’s teeth while it is still a puppy is a good way to start in keeping it in good health. Teach the dog this cleaning habit early on.