From beginners to the most advanced riders, a snowboard helmet is the most vital piece of protective gear you can wear. While it is common to break or sprain a wrist or ankle, or end up with some bruises and scrapes, these injuries will typically be minor and heal over time. The most recovery you're looking at is a cast or in the more severe cases, surgery. However, a head injury can offer a multitude of problems, some irreversible. A debate, brain damage and paralysis are injuries that you want to do everything you can to avoid. Make sure you know the proper certificates so you are one hundred percent confident in your helmet choice. There are a few different choices in safety and certification, so it's important to do your research.
EPS foam is a light weight, yet stiff material. This is what snowboard helmet liners are made of. They protect you by condensing, cracking, or breaking apart so your skull will not have to feel the impact. However, this EPS will only protect you from ONE heavy impact. After that, you'll need to replace your helmet since your original will not be able to give you the optimum level of protection as it should. As far as the outer shell material, most of them are made of ABS plastic (a hard, tough, resilient plastic), polycarbonate plastic or carbon fiber. This offers a light, but durable shell. The EPS foam can be used for both half cap and full face snowboard helmet. This provides you with the most comfortable helmet around, and you can be assured that if you take a major spill your head will not be taking the impact. Make sure your helmet uses this EPS, you'll be comfortable and safe.
Your snowboard helmet NEEDS to have at least the ASTM F2040 certification for snow sport helmets. To pass this certification, a helmet must undergo rigorous testing to determine that it is fit to carry this title. The European Union standard, CE EN1077 is also acceptable, but not quite as tough as the ASTM. With this guarantee, you'll be protected while enjoying any of your non-motorized snow sports. The toughest certification standard, the Snell RS-98 is the best around, but most companies have still decided to certify their snowboard helmets with just the ASTM. This is primarily because the Snell is more expensive and bulky, which does not make it appealing to the consumer.