Polyps can be one of the causes of sinus infection that gives pain and suffering to someone. But how did polyps become responsible for sinus infection? There is actually a type that is called sinus polyps which are tear-shaped tissue swellings or growths within the sinuses. These are thought to have occurred as a result of an ongoing inflammatory process within the sinuses.
Consequently, polyps may block the nasal airway and the proper drainage of sinus cavities, resulting to stagnant secretions within the sinuses that may become infected. Polyps can be small or large, but good thing is that they are not known as cancerous.
Symptoms Indicating Sinus Polyps
How will you know whether a person has sinus polyps? There are several indications that may suggest their presence. Symptoms include but are not limited to:
-difficulty of nasal breathing
-pain in and around the nose
-poor sense of smell and taste
-smell in the nasal drainage
-snoring while sleeping
-a feel of “as if having colds all the time”
Awareness may be a problem because some patients do not realize the occurrence of this condition. The symptoms above can direct a person to think of an ordinary case of sinusitis that does not involve polyps. Patients may also know nothing about the possibility of developing polyps. Usually, the only time that a person knows that he or she has developed such is after a doctor recommends further tests because the patient has already suffered increasing number of sinus infections.
Nevertheless, it is never too late because there are medications and treatments which are available to help patients get relief from sinus polyps. Do not be clueless, and equip yourself with some basic knowledge and overview on how this condition is being treated.
The most common procedure to identify polyps is done by simply placing a lighted scope into the nose through the nostril. A procedure called endoscopy uses a tube with a tiny camera on it that is inserted in the nose to spot polyps in the sinuses. Doctors may also use a computerized tomography scan which helps delineate precise locations of high numbers of polyps. Additionally, the scan ascertains absence of cancerous tumors or other problems. Allergy testing and swabbing the nose for presence of bacteria and fungi can also be performed to check any existence of polyps.
Once polyps are found, various medical treatments can be initiated depending on the description of the polyps as to their cause, size or location for instance. Physicians may prescribe antihistamines to reduce allergic response if the polyps are caused by allergic inflammation. Anti-inflammatory sprays, decongestants, systemic steroid medications, and nasal sprays that contain corticosteroids are among the medications that can also be recommended. It should be remembered though that these medications are to be sustained on a long term basis in order to reduce polyp size or prevent re-growth.
Surgical treatments are required in some cases. When polyps are large, surgical excision may be proposed by the doctor. After the surgical removal, continued monitoring of the nose and sinus cavities are extremely important to prevent recurrence of these polyps.
As pointed out earlier, awareness that this condition in our sinuses exists, helps us decide on the importance of getting immediate medical treatment.