Unilateral or single sided deafness and tinnitus occurs when a person is suffering hearing loss in one ear and meets normal hearing in the other ear with no loss. Unfortunately, this condition is usually permanent. A single cause can not be determined but more often the sudden decrease of hearing ability can be caused by trauma, measles, mumps and high fever. It is possible and not all that uncommon for a patient to suffer from tinnitus in the same ear that the deafness occurs. Since tinnitus is difficult to understand and even more difficult to treat, this phenomena is hard to explain. For many, it can be very frustrating that the only thing audible is a constant ringing. The good news is that most treatments for tinnitus are effective regardless of the level of hearing.
If single sided deafness and tinnitus occurs this could be sign of other issues as well. When a person sufferers from both this sometimes means that the individual could have acoustic neuroma. Normally this is assumed until further tests can prove differently. Most doctors refer to acoustic neuromas as Vestibular Schwannomas. This occurs when the Schwann cell begins to cover the vestibular nerve. Most people suffering from this source of single sided deafness and tinnitus report symptoms of dizziness as well as more extreme symptoms of facial numbness and tingling.
If the sunset of tinnitus is caused by trauma to the head or any other neurological disorders then there is a good chance that damage to the auditory tube has occurred. These are extreme cases and require extensive treatments that may include surgery. It is also possible that tinnitus can be caused medication and if this is believed to be the case, consult a physician about stopping the medication. There are a large number of drugs that can cause tinnitus and sometimes just switching to a different brand can cure the tinnitus. There are also some very effective home remedies and exercises for tinnitus you can do that can cure cases of tinnitus.
Another reason for what may seem to be single sided deafness and tinnitus could have been a buildup of wax in the ear canal or auditory tube. This can often lead to complete blockage which will cause the symptoms of single sided deafness. Since there are a large number of reasons that cause tinnitus it is hard to diagnose and treat. Often the sunset of tinnitus could mean that there is another problem in the body. There have been a number of cases where people have been bitten by a tick or other insect this has caused single sided deafness and tinnitus. This occurrence is easy to treat but the diagnosis is often missed. However, there are many reports that once hearing is restored that the tinnitus is still present.