People who suffer from severe acid reflux are at risk of having hiatal hernia. When the upper part of the stomach pokes through the esophageal hiatus, because of the weakening of the lower esophageal sphincter or LES (due to a number of factors), hiatal hernia occurs. The esophageal hiatus is the opening in the diaphragm where in the esophagus passes the abdominal cavity.
It is important that in the case of hiatal hernia, there are two important muscle sphincter involved that responsibly shut food contents to the stomach safely in order to prevent a back flow. These two valves (or muscle tissue) are the esophageal sphincter and the esophageal hiatus.
Under these circumstances, the weakening of the muscles (esophageal sphincter and esophageal hiatus) increases the abdominal cavity pressure as it eventually causes the hiatus to stretch and pop out, thus the herniation. It is often referred to as hiatal hernia because it originates in the hiatus. The process may take long enough to realize that hiatal hernia has already developed. Usually the first phase presents little to no symptoms at all. The only way to find out is to undergo a routine medical examination.
Hernia symptoms are usually related to the bulge which is caused by herniation in the abdominal cavity. Initially, it will only be detected as a small lump. The lump is usually painless when touched. As the lump grows due to the advancing of the illness, it becomes painful. The person may suffer from altered body image due to the growing lump in his or her abdomen. It even becomes more visible when coughing or sneezing. There are two types of hernia: the reducible (asymptomatic) and the irreducible (more complicated) type. Just as the name suggest, the irreducible hernia cannot be pushed back. The latter type of hernia (irreducible) includes more serious complications that can lead to strangulation of the tissue (dangerous form), with vomiting as its unique symptom.
Once a person develops a lump in the abdomen, it is important to seek prompt medical treatment. Remember that any unusual lump in your body is a sign that something is wrong and requires physical assessment by a medical or health professional. Seek medical management for an early period. In the mean time, try other alternative measures that would be of great help for hiatal hernia treatment.
Alternative Treatment Options
Symptoms of heartburn that can accompany a hiatal hernia often respond positively to lifestyle modification such as avoid cigarette smoking, alcohol (especially hard liquor), caffeine intake, eating large meals in just one sitting and wearing of tight jeans instead wear loose, comfortable clothing around the torso.
Studies show that stress can greatly affect the tone and overall condition of the digestive system. It is therefore very important to manage stress effectively. Take time to relax both physically and emotionally whenever possible. No single most effective method can address this condition. A holistic approach is favored for hiatal hernia treatment.