Initially, chronic kidney disease has no symptoms. When the renal function declines causes:
* Raised blood pressure, causing hypertension.
* Accumulation of urea, causing uremia.
* Accumulation of potassium in the blood, which can cause cardiac arrhythmia.
Decreased synthesis of erythropoietin, which can cause anemia and fatigue.
* Loss of synthesis of vitamin D.
* Overload of fluid volume.
Hyperphosphatemia associated with hypocalcemia and hyperparathyroidism.
Patients with chronic renal failure suffer from accelerated atherosclerosis, mostly due to hypercholesterolemia. Coagulation is usually impaired, leading to high probability of developing thrombosis.
Pericarditis occurs at a higher rate in patients with chronic renal failure.
Causes of chronic renal failure
* Berger's Disease
* Diabetes mellitus.
Polycystic kidney disease.
* Chronic heart failure.
Treatment Chronic Kidney Disease
Typically, inhibitors of angiotensin-converting enzyme are prescribed for all patients with chronic renal failure. In the period generally necessary to find kidney transplant, dialysis is the only way to wipe up the blood that would be eliminated in the urine (urea, potassium).
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The amount of urine is not helpful either. Unlike acute renal failure (ARF) (read: CONSIDERED A RENAL ACUTE) Where oliguria (reduced urine) factor is almost always present in chronic renal failure such as loss of function is slower, the kidney adapts well and the ability to eliminate water remains until well advanced stages of disease. In fact, most patients entering dialysis even urinate at least 1 liter per day.
Kidney Desease Solution
The big problem is that the IRC, the fact of course with no symptoms, does not mean that the disease does not cause complications. The kidney performances many functions in the body, and as the disease advances, more health problems can bring.
The two kidneys filter an average of 180 liters of blood per day, roughly 90 to 125 ml per minute. This is called the glomerular filtration rate or clearance creatinine. Since the average is 100 ml / min, for a better understanding of patients often say that the figure is 100% of renal function. If your doctor says you have 60% function, this means that your kidneys filter roughly 60 ml / min.
The stages of are divided according to the rate of filtration, which can be estimated through the values of blood creatinine.