The social phobia or social anxiety disorder have been identified as an anxiety disorder in its own right only since the early 1980s by the DSM (diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders).
According to the DSM social phobia is characterized by 8 pts:
– An intense and persistent fear of one or more social or performance situations in which the subject is in contact with unfamiliar people or property may be exposed to the possible observation of others. The topic concerned to act so embarrassing or humiliating.
– Exposure to feared social causes almost systematic anxiety which may take the form of a panic attack linked to the situation or facilitated by the situation.
– The subject recognizes the excessive or irrational fear of.
– The social situations or performance are avoided or lived with anxiety and distress intense.
– Avoidance, anxious anticipation or suffering in the social or performance dreaded disturb, significantly, the habits of the individual
– For individuals under 18 years, it does diagnostic that if duration is less than 6 months
– The fear or avoidance behavior is not related to the direct physiological effects of a substance or a medical condition.
– If a general medical condition or another mental disorder is present, fear described in the first point is independent of these disorders
Social phobias are distinguished from other anxiety disorders and phobic by fear of judging by others, as central and constant trouble.
The social phobic fear subject aim to avoid situations where it is exposed to the eyes of others. These situations are of great diversity, they concern the performance, social interaction or sometimes simply being seen.
The confrontation with its trigger situations systematically intestinal discomfort and physical manipulation as reds, tremors, or sweating.
The social phobia must be considered as a whole that combines embarrassment and fear by being judging by others, anticipation and avoidance of the situation.
Social phobia is the fear of social situations and interaction with other people that lead to feelings of self-consciousness (acute awareness of oneself), trial and evaluation of inferiority.
These disorders often occur in late childhood or early adolescence. They move in chronic and can lead to invalidation of their impact on the functioning professional and social activities and especially by the usual avoidance that the topic issues.
As seen above, social phobia is listed since 1980. Indeed, before we spoke very little. Unlike some other form of psychological, social phobia remains discreet, it does not lead to behavior mysterious or dramatic as schizophrenia, it does not bother as anorexia nervosa, and does not lead to aggressive behavior towards others, like paranoia or about oneself as in depression .
Its main problem is to pass unnoticed, just like a child too wise but depressed. Many social phobic give the impression of being cold and distant, this reflects the tension that they feel anxious in the exchange and the desire they have to keep others at a distance, to avoid not reveal their vulnerability and a number of them come to the change, preferring to go for snobs unsuitable for the timid diseases.
There are two types of phobias. The social phobia can be generalized or specific.
It is called specific when it takes place in the situation as "public speaking", "eating in public … it's when widespread concern can be found in most social situations.
Finally, it would seem that the social phobia have an innate part, indeed, some children are very anxious from an early age compared to unfamiliar faces the parental, educational ranging in style the sense of a lack of outside contacts. A social phobic parent is a model of social anxiety for the child.