People who have diabetes are subject to many health complications. If you have diabetes, it is important that you educate yourself concerning your condition, and that you become aware of the problems that may arise, as well as signs of those problems.
Heart disease and stroke are common worries. Among the people that have diabetes, 65% of diabetes related deaths are caused by heart disease or stroke. Women who have diabetes are more likely to develop heart disease, or have a stroke, than diabetic men.
Kidney disease is also more likely if you have diabetes. In fact, the number one cause of kidney disease is diabetes. Approximately 45,000 people are diagnosed with ESRD, or End Stage Renal Disease, each year.
Diabetes retinopathy is another major concern. Diabetes affects the blood vessels that feed the retina, causing blindness. High blood pressure is also common among those who have diabetes, affecting approximately 73% of diabetics at some point in their lives.
Problems with the nervous system can occur, which is caused by circulatory problems. These nerve problems can cause numbness in the arms, legs, hands, and feet. The circulatory problems also make foot care important for diabetics, and sometimes amputations become necessary if the feet are not properly cared for.
Dental diseases are another factor for diabetics. People who have diabetes are more likely to get periodontal disease than people who do not have diabetes.
If diabetes is not controlled, it can lead to ketoacidosis, which is a condition where there is not enough glucose in the bloodstream to be used for energy, forcing the body to burn its own fat for energy, at a high rate. Ketoacidosis can cause coma, and lead to death.
If diabetes is not controlled, problems will be experienced during pregnancy, often causing miscarriage within the first trimester. Birth defects are also more likely to occur.
Again, if you are diagnosed with diabetes, make sure that you discuss potential related health problems – and their symptoms – with your doctor. By being informed, you can usually catch problems early. Also, make sure that you work with your doctor to control your blood sugar levels, as this is the best way to avoid those other health problems.