A septated ovarian cyst is a scary diagnosis. It is more serious than a functional cyst, but not as serious as ovarian cancer. However, you should approach this situation with caution. By educating yourself about what to expect, you’ll be prepared to deal with what may happen next.
Causes of Septated Ovarian Cysts
The septated cyst gets its name from the septum, or wall that divide different components of it. Generally, there are basically two causes of a septated ovarian cyst. To determine the cause, you need to look at what it is made of.
One that has liquid on either side is a variation on a functional one. Sometimes, more than one of these types form and connect in the middle. This type can clear up on its own, but if it doesn’t, it may require further treatment.
If the cyst is made of both solid and liquid, it could be a more serious situation. These are caused by a number of factors. Dermoids come from an unfertilized egg dividing, which creates solid material such as teeth or hair in the cyst. Cystadenomas contain mucus. They are not harmful, but they can grow very large. Also, a tumor may be solid and appear as a septated cyst.
Treatment of a Septated Ovarian Cyst
The treatment of a septated cyst depends on what sort of materials it is made of. Those containing liquids are generally watched to make sure they will dissolve on their own. Those with solid components are removed using surgery. Dermoids and potential tumors both must be removed. The dermoid will not dissolve on its own, and any time a tumor is suspected, it needs to be biopsied to rule out ovarian cancer.