Ruptured Ovarian Cyst

Ruptured Ovarian Cyst

Ovarian cyst affects millions of women around the world. Most of its occurrences are functional and not life-threatening. In fact, most ovarian cyst may just subside by itself and will go away without any presenting symptoms. Problem may arise when the cyst will increase in its size without stopping and will eventually rupture. This is where symptoms may affect a person negatively.

Signs and Symptoms

When these cysts are detected, it is important to know if it is benign or malignant. Benign cysts are observed for a couple of weeks or months to know if it will resolve by itself. When the cyst is accompanied by pain, bleeding, or problems with sexual intercourse, then more aggressive medical intervention might be performed. If the cyst is not detected in its early stage or it is ignored for a very long time, the cyst might rapture that can cause intense pain. This is an emergency situation that should be taken seriously. Prompt medical attention is required.


A gynecologist is the primary doctor to call to during ruptured ovarian cyst. The first thing that a doctor will do as a patient arrives in the emergency room is to stabilize the patient. Afterwards, general laboratory tests will be ordered. Complete blood test is needed to know the hematocrit level which will indicate blood loss or fluid overload. The WBC count will also be examined to know if there is an active infection. Other blood component such as prothrombin, thromboplastin, and human chorionic growth hormone will be taken into account to establish an accurate diagnosis.


Treatment may depend greatly on the severity and extent of the injury inflicted by the ruptured ovarian cyst.

Analgesics – pain can be very excruciating when cyst ruptures. The doctor will then prescribe pain relievers such as acetaminophen and paracetamol. Ibuprofen and other NSAIDs can be prescribed.

Heat therapy – rupture of cyst can cause muscle contraction and cramping. By applying warm compress over the lower abdomen, this may relax muscle and relieve pain.

Hormonal therapy – cyst may be caused by hormonal imbalance and taking in hormonal contraceptives may restore proper production level of involved hormones.

Surgery – generally, cyst will just be observed as long as it does not cause any problem. The doctor will suggest to the patient for an elective surgery to avoid rupture of the cyst.

Cyst is very common in many women. Most cysts, if not symptomatic, will cause anxiety and worry for women. This is the reason that right information and professional advice should be given to these affected people. If there are any indication of ovarian cyst, prompt check-up should be done to avoid complications such as ruptured cysts.