The acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) is a plague that has taken over the world. Acquired means that people can get infected, immunodeficiency means that it weakens the body’s immunity and syndrome means that it causes many health problems once people acquire it. The virus that causes AIDS is known as HIV (Human Immunodeficiency Virus). Once infected, the body attempts to rid the body of this virus and ends up forming antibodies that show in the HIV test.
The type of infections are similar to those in patients with hypogammaglobulinemia. Infections with the encapsulated organisms. Haemophilius influenza type B, streptococcus pneumoniae, and enteric gram-negative rods are common and can cause chronic or recurrent meningitis. Malignant external otitis, a disease usually seen in older patients, also occurs. Other common conditions include dermatitis, important pathogen.
AIDS is caused by a virus called Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV). If you get infected with HIV, your body tries to fight the infection by producing “antibodies”. When you have a blood test for HIV, it looks for the presence and concentration of these antibodies. As the HIV disease continues, the immune system becomes weaker and, normally harmless viruses, bacteria and fungal infections can cause more sickness than if you had been healthy.
HIV-1 infects lymphocytes with the CD4 marker. CD4 lymphocytes are involved in cell-mediated immunity and their depletion also impairs B-cell activation. This process results in the syndrome known as AIDS (acquired immunodeficiency syndrome) which then makes the patient susceptible to infections (opportunistic infections) that normal individuals are able to fight off.
We can establish a diagnosis of AIDS in two ways. First, a person with HIV can be diagnosed with AIDS if he or she contracts AIDS defining illness. People with healthy human systems are usually able to fight this AIDS-defining illness, but in a person whose systems are weakened by HIV, these diseases are very serious and may constitute a danger to life.
Even while the family unit is psychologically adjusting to the new diagnosis, it should recognize that the family must make certain changes that are necessary to both protect other members from infection and to insure that the HIV-positive member is living in the healthiest environment possible. Simple measures such as avoiding the sharing of eating utensils or toothbrushes will usually be all that is necessary to protect family members from exposure to the virus.
Most people infected with HIV develop AIDS and die due to infections or malignancies associated with the continuous malfunction of the immune system. But the rate of progression of HIV to AIDS is variable and is dependent on the host, the virus, and other environmental factors. That is why it is important for you to have regular checkups at your nearest STD testing centers.
Even with the illness and risk of death associated with FIV, exposure to it is not always lethal. Often the cats act as carriers and with a nutritious diet and good veterinary care, they can live a normal and healthy life for some time. Alongside the added care it is important that the feline be sterilized and not go outdoors where it may infect other cats or acquire other illnesses. If there are other felids in the vicinity, they may be separated. Usually though the risk of transmission to other house cats is low in a normal household.