Rainforest Birds – Scarlet-Chested Parrot

Bird Name:

Scarlet-chested Parrot

Latin Name:

Neophema splendid

Status:

Least Concern

Scientific Classification:

Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: Aves

Order: Psittaciformes

Family: Psittacidae

Subfamily: Platycercinae

Tribe: Neophemini

Genus: Neophema

Species: N. splendid

General Information:

The Scarlet-chested Parrot is also known as the Scarlet-chested Parakeet, the Orange-throated Parrot, and the Splendid Parrot. This species is endemic to Australia.

Physical Description:

It is approximately 8 inches in length and weighs about 40 g. The male has green upper parts with a bright blue head, scarlet chest, and yellow belly. The female can be distinguished from the male by the paler blue coloration of its face and its green chest. The female Scarlet-chested Parrot resembles the female Turquoise Parrot but has more blue on its face. Juveniles appear similar to adult females but have duller plumage. This parrot does have a number of mutations including par blue, sea green and white breasted.

Diet:

The Scarlet-chested Parrot feeds on seeds from grasses, herbaceous plants, fruit, flower and flower buds, and possibly insects.

Habitat:

This species occurs in a variety of dry, arid areas in the Australian interior. Its habitats include mallee, mulga, open eucalyptus, and casuarinas-prevalent woodland. The Scarlet-chested Parrot has a range that stretches across southern inland Australia, and includes portions of Western Australia, South Australia, Victoria, New South Wales, and Queensland. It nests in the hollows of mallee or mulga, from a relatively low height up to 8 m above the ground.

Reproduction:

The female will usually lay between three to five white eggs per clutch. The incubation period lasts approximately 18 days.