Pomeranian puppies are beautiful examples of toy dogs. Their fox-like faces, alert dark eyes, luxurious double coats of fur, and thick, furry tails are just a few of their attractive features. Pomeranians are considered toy dogs because they only reach an adult size of three to seven pounds and a height of eight to eleven inches. The American Kennel Club classifies the Pomeranian as a member of both the toy and Spitz groups. The term “toy” refers to their diminutive size. The Spitz group includes the Pomeranian and all other breeds descended from an area south of the Baltic Sea in what is today Poland and Germany. Sledding dogs from this region are ancestors of breeds such as the Chow Chow, Samoyed, German Spitz and Pomeranian.
In the 1800s, it became the fashion of British royals to breed dogs down to a more manageable size. Specific types of Spitz were bred to be smaller versions that could act as household pets. The Pomeranian, for example, is a toy version of the much larger German Spitz.
Pomeranian puppies, in general, resemble baby foxes. They have heads shaped like inverted triangles, dark noses and eyes, thick double-layered coats, and furry tails curled over the back. Pomeranians continue to be bred smaller and have developed a more doll-like face and powder-puff appearance.
The personality of the Pomeranian is as big as the dog is small. Pomeranians are excitable, vivacious, demanding, and even high maintenance. They are not appropriate for households with infants or small children. Pomeranians tend to snap at children who pull their tails or annoy them. Overall, Pomeranians are good family dogs and do well with older children, other pets and adults.
Pomeranian breeders should be knowledgeable of all the positive and negative traits of the breed. They should inform potential buyers of the medical conditions common to Pomeranians such as dental and heart problems. Pomeranians have a relatively long life span (up to 20 years) but may suffer knee dislocations and other Pomeranian-specific health problems throughout their lives. Any reputable breeder will have had the parents and puppies evaluated for pre-existing medical conditions.
Choosing the right puppy from a litter of Pomeranian puppies is not a difficult task. A potential buyer should research the breed first and understand its characteristics and needs to determine if it will fit into the buyer’s lifestyle. The buyer should then research breeders. Choosing a reputable breeder is much more difficult than choosing a pet from several Pomeranian puppies. Breeders should have an actual kennel. They should have certification in breeding and/or training dogs. They should be able to provide the Pomeranian’s pedigree and medical records and they should be affiliated with or run a rescue for abandoned or neglected Pomeranians. Buyers should never, ever buy a Pomeranian puppy from a pet store. These puppies are shipped and handled like any other merchandise and their parents are bred incessantly in what are called puppy mills which churn out puppies for money.
The Pomeranian puppy may actually choose the buyer. Good breeders will want to introduce buyers to their puppies and interview them to make sure they are deemed a good match. This way buyer, breeder and puppy all benefit from a good choice.