A fibroid is a mass of tissue that is formed in the pelvis. A fibroid is a non-cancerous and benign tumor. It may be formed in any part of the pelvis, but, are seen most prominently in the uterus. The fibroid formed in the uterus are known as uterine fibroid tumor. Fibroid tumors are found only in women after puberty. Also, they commonly occur in women between the age group 25 to 35 years. They are rarely found in women who are below 20 years of age. After formation, fibroid tumors constantly keep on growing. During menopause, the fibroid stops growing and sometimes even disappears. What are the causes of fibroid tumors then?
Fibroid Tumors Causes
The exact cause of fibroid tumors are unknown. However, doctors believe that malfunction or abnormal function of estrogen (a female hormone) can result in the growth of fibroids. Therefore, if a woman takes contraceptives or supplements containing estrogen, there are higher chances for growth of fibroid tumors. Similarly, during pregnancy, the body of females naturally produce excess estrogen which can also result in formation of fibroids. What are the signs and symptoms of fibroid tumors? Let us have a look.
Fibroid Tumors Symptoms
Excessive bleeding is the classical symptom of fibroid tumors. Heavy bleeding is observed during all the 4-5 days of menstruation. Sometimes it is also seen that the periods last longer. Due to excess blood loss, anemia can be developed in women. Sometimes, bleeding or spotting is also observed between two menstrual cycles. The following are the other symptoms of fibroid tumors:
- Abdominal pain
- Swelling of the abdomen
- Pain in hips
Sometimes infertility can also be one of the signs or complication of fibroid tumor. Presence of fibroid does not directly affect pregnancy but can causes problems in it. If the fibroid is located in the uterus, it can occupy the space meant for the baby. On the other hand, the fibroids developed in other parts of the female reproductive system can even cause an obstacle in the path of the fertilized egg when reaching its proper place. Most of the times, fibroid tumors are smaller in size and disappear at menopause. However, they need to be treated if they start causing problems. Following are the different fibroid tumors treatments available to treat fibroids.
Fibroid Tumors Treatment
The location and size of the fibroid tumor and the age of the woman play an important role in deciding the treatment method to be adopted for fibroid tumors. If the fibroid develops during the time of menopause (between 43-45 years of age), there is hardly any necessity to treat it as it disappears after menopause. On the other hand, fibroids that are very small in size also do not need to be treated. They can be treated with medications. On the other hand, certain fibroid tumors are larger in size and are located in complicated places. Therefore, they need to be treated with the help of surgical procedures.
Myomectomy is the surgical procedure that is used for the removal of tumors. Although there are chances of blood loss, this is an effective technique. It is also very effective in treating multiple fibroids. If a woman develops a fibroid at an early age, there are higher chances of her getting it again. However, multiple Myomectomy can lead to problems and complications. Another surgery for fibroid tumors treatment is Hysterectomy. It is the complete removal of the uterus. Hysterectomy is undertaken only when the tumor creates problems with other organs due to its large size. Hysterectomy is also undertaken for women who do not wish to be pregnant again. Hysterectomy is also considered as an effective treatment for fibroid tumors. Sometimes, as an alternative for surgeries, certain drugs are taken for fibroid tumors treatment. However these drugs need to be taken regularly and failing to do so can result in making the tumor regain its original size. Read more on women’s health.
In order to make fibroid tumors treatment effective, it is very essential to identify the symptoms as early as possible. There are no preventive measures to avoid fibroids. However, a woman should undertake regular check ups in order to spot and diagnose such abnormalities and treat them as soon as possible.
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